Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 209-214
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 209
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
We gave you the meanings of the holy verses, and we will support them with discovery notes so that you may understand their holy meanings better. This is also good for spreading the light (nur) and settling it into the minds, souls, and brains better. We continue to give you discovery notes from primary (asl) sources, whose authenticity have been established by riwayat (narration) and dirayat (comprehension).
A person said the following to our beloved Prophet (asw) one day. He said, “O Rasulullah! I have a fortune made out of wine.” See, this person was producing and selling wine and he made a fortune out of it. “Would it be okay if I do charity,” he said. Our beloved Prophet (asw), our Master, said the following. “If you had spend it on hajj (pilgrimage), jihad, and sadaqa (charity) it would not even be equal to the wing of a fly in the eyes of Allah.”
Allah does not accept anything but what is pure and good. That is, the earnings of Muslims should be halal (lawful), and the things they spend their money for should be halal as well. Everything a Muslims earns or spends should be for Allah, and in the way of Allah. That is why our beloved Prophet said that. Now, this is one of the circumstances of revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl). This narration (riwayat) had become a circumstance of revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl) for a part of the verses that we recited earlier.
Then again, the incident of Hutam ibn Dubey’a el-Bekri is also among the circumstances of revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl). That said, verses came after the question of this person who asked about a matter about wine, and thus it became a circumstance of revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl). See, Allah gives the answers in Islam. Islam is divine, and Al-Quran Al-Karim is the utterances of Allah. That is why we should listen and understand Al-Quran Al-Karim well. That is why the Quran is the life-giving light (nur) itself. Make your heart eat and drink from the Quran. Let your heart feast on the gardens of the Quran, and then your heart will live the world of paradise. It will always live springtime life. So, what is the heart’s springtime? It is when it eats and drinks from the Quran. It is when its meaning encompasses the heart and the soul (nafs). Understanding the meaning of Al-Quran Al-Karim correctly, listening to it correctly and encompassing the soul (nafs) with it means living the unending spring season of it. That is why Islam give life and prepares you for a blissful life.
It is narrated on authority of Ali that when the 97th verse of Surah Ali Imran  was sent down, Ukkâşe b. Mihsan or Suraqah bin Malik, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain, had asked the following to our Prophet. They said, “Is hajj (pilgrimage) every year?” Our Prophet (asw) had kept silent, and they repeated the question three times. Our Prophet said, “No, hajj (pilgrimage) is not every year, but had I said yes, then it would be wajib (necessary) for you, and you could not do it, and you would be disbelievers (kafir) when you abandoned it.”
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Now, have a look at this, there is a danger of disbelief (kufr) here, and that is why had it been every year, then people would have tried to bear this heavy burden themselves. This is not good. Asking unnecessary questions to the Prophet or others, well, asking unnecessary questions will get you into trouble. Our Prophet kept his silence as they asked. He said, “No,” and added, “had I said yes, then it would be wajib (necessary) for you, and you could not endure it, and you would be disbelievers (kafir) when you abandon it.” Now, when does a person become a disbeliever (kafir)?
It is when he does not accept the commands of Allah. When he or she says, “Can it really be like that,” and object to the commands of Allah. Then, the person’s faith (iman) ceases to exist, and denial takes its place. Then, disbelief (kufr) settles into the heart along with denial, and faith (iman) will get out, which is a pity. That is why we should always ask necessary questions. See, our Prophet said, “Don’t ask unnecessary questions,” at that time. He said, “The previous peoples were destroyed due to asking too many questions and objection.” Islam is the laws of Allah. You cannot object to Islam and Allah. What happens when a person stands against Allah? What would happen when a person does not accept one of the undoubted commands of Islam?
Well, he would have fallen into the situation of the Shaitan due to objection. The person is driven from Islam just like the Shaitan was driven from Janna (Paradise). You will have thrown yourself out of Islam the moment you have objected. That is why our Prophet says that the previous peoples were destroyed due to asking too many questions and objection. He said, “Obey the commands and prohibitions to the extent of your ability.” You see, “To the extent of your ability,” he said. Islam does not offer anyone what they cannot afford. Islam always offers things that people can afford, and makes life easier and turns life into paradise. Then again, our Prophet said, “Abstain from prohibitions to the extent of your ability.”
There is Ibn-i Majah and Ibn-i Kathīr in the source of this news.
One day, our Prophet (asw) delivered his khutbah (sermon) in an angry way. He was angry. He said, “Ask, and I shall answer every question.” This time they got scared. The companions (sahabah) got scared, and they started sobbing with their heads down.
There is Abu Hurairah in the source of this news.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 210
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
In the source of this news there is, again, Bukhari and Muslim. Then again, it was also narrated by Anas and Abu Hurairah. Also, they would compare Abdullah ibn Huzeyfe to some other person.
“One day he got up and said, ‘Who is my father.’.” That is Abdullah ibn Huzeyfe (r.a.). “Then, our Master replied, ‘Your father is Huzeyfe ibn Kays Zuhrî.’ Then someone else got up and asked, ‘O rasūlullah! Where is my father?’.” He meant to ask whether his father is in Jannah (Paradise) or Jahannam (Hell). “Our Master said, ‘He is in the Fire.’.” He meant he is in Jahannam (Hell). He said, “فِي النَّارِ”.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 211
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Umar got up and said, “O, rasūlullah!” Umar and all of the other companions (sahabah) were upset and they were sobbing due to our Prophet’s angriness. Umar said, “O, rasūlullah! In what state were we in before, you know our situation best. O rasūlullah, forgive us!” said Umar. He said, “We just got saved from ignorance, polytheism (shirk). We seek refuge in Allah from fitnah (dissention). Our religion (din) is Islam. Our Rabb (Lord) is Allah. Our Prophet is Muhammad (asw). O, rasūlullah! Forgive us.” “And then, our Prophet’s anger faded.”
See, Ibn Kathīr and others are present in the source of this narration (riwayat).
Our beloved Prophet would warn his people (ummah) in every matter like this: “Children of Israel would ask, but they would not observe, and abandon. They would perish. Do not be like them,” said our Prophet. You see, some peoples used to ask the question but they would not follow the answer. Whereas a person should ask questions and get the right information in order to learn, have faith (iman), and do good deeds (amal). If they ask questions but not observe it, and abandon it, then they perish in the end. Our Prophet said, “Do not be like them,” and “Do not ever be like them!” Obtain true information, have faith (iman), do good deeds (amal), but don’t live an ignorant life. The religion of Islam suggests knowledge (ilm) and wisdom (irfan) to the entire world. Islam is knowledge (ilm), wisdom (irfan) and truth (haqq). Islam is the reality (haqiqa) itself. Again, whatever there is with regards to nonsensical and fabricated customs that are among Jahiliyyah (Ignorance) Period; the religion of Islam has thrown out of the window everything that is nonsensical, fabricated, against science, against reason (aql-e-saleem), against benefit, and against the truth.
The religion of Islam made the truth (haqiqa) predominant. Knowledge (ilm), faith (iman), science, truth (haqq) and justice have been made predominant as sacred and real things. There was a custom named “bahire” among the customs of Jahiliyyah (Ignorance) Period: If a camel gives birth to five camels and the fifth is a male, then would set the last one free, and they would cut its ear. They had another custom named “saibe”: The animal owner would say, “My animal shall be ‘saibe’ if my affairs go this way,” and they would free the animal. There was also something called “vâsile”: They say, “It is ours,” if a sheep gives birth to a female, and “It belongs to our idols,” if it gives birth to a male. If one male and one female is born at the same time, they would not sacrifice any of them.
These are among the customs of the Jahiliyyah (Ignorance) Period. Then again, they would sacrifice male animals to their idols. Also, they had something called “hâmî.” If ten young camels are born from the sperm of an old male camel, they would free it. These traditions and all others that are similar to these are among the customs of Jahiliyyah (Ignorance) Period. That said, everything in Islam is divine. That is, they are based on Al-Quran Al-Karim.
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They must be based on the tradition (customs) of Prophet Muhammad, or the ijma al-ummah (community consensus), or qiyas al-fuqaha (analogical reasoning of jurists), or there has to be auxiliary (far’i) sources that are based on these. These are primary (asli) proofs. Islam is nothing but reality (haqiqa), that is why Islam does not accept but reject all falsehoods and wrongs (bid’ah). People who know Islam are the most realistic and enlightened people of the world. The eras run behind Islam, and they go as long as they can. As for Islam, it is beginningless and everlasting. Enlightenment, reality, and bliss are all present in Islam. The religion of Islam calls all eras, humanity and all nations to follow it, to advance, and to upgrade themselves. It says, “rise” to them all. The religion of Islam embraces all humanity, and wants everyone’s happiness because it is divine, and all people are servants (qul) of Allah. That is why Islam is universal. Islam is universal mercy. Islam is universal rahmat.
The disbelievers are devoid of this mercy, along with those who fall into polytheism (shirk) and the wrongdoers (zalimun). This table of Islam comes from pre-existence (azal) and goes to eternity (abad). It is Prophet Muhammad who set that table, and it is Almighty Allah who gave that duty to him.
Amir ibn Luhayyil Huzâi Ismail had changed his religion and set up an idol, and then he came up with the customs that we mentioned.
This is the view of our exegetes who make discoveries; the valuable figures who can discover and make exegesis of Al-Quran Al-Karim. Our Prophet (asw) said the following about this Amir ibn Luhayyil Huzâi who produced this idol tradition. Our Prophet (asw) said, “I saw him in Jahannam (Hell), he was being punished and his intestines were smelling.
The hodja recites the original text of the hadith.
You see, he was being punished in Jahannam (Hell), and “his intestines were out and they stink,” he said.
This is an authentic hadith narrated (riwayat) by Bukhari, Muslim, and the others. That is why Muslims either know the truth (haqiqa) or abide by those who know the truth (haqq). See, what is referred to by following or imitating in Islam is with regards to the true knowledge (haqq ilm) of the âlim (Islamic scholar).
Now, we have mujtahids and âlims who know Islam, Quran, Sunnah, ijma, and qiyas very well. What a Muslim shall follow or at least imitate is the true knowledge (haqq ilm) of an âlim. Otherwise, being bound to people as in fanaticism or being obsessed with a sheikh, saying things like, ‘There is nobody better than my Sheikh,’ or ‘There are no leaders other than my leader,’ or things like that are wrong. This type of situation may arise by being obsessed with fanaticism. However, the entire case of Islam is about truth (haqq) and reality (haqiqa), and these are in the true knowledge (haqq ilm) of the âlim.
An âlim in Islam who speaks in the name of the religion (din) shall make exegesis of Al-Quran Al-Karim from a to z, and he shall interpret (tafsir) verses using verses, and he shall interpret (tafsir) verses with hadith-i sharifs. He shall not abandon riwayat (narration) and dirayat (comprehension), and he has to be a competent and real discoverer. That said, this is one of the unique qualities of Muslims that other nations don’t have. That is, to follow the Real (al-Haqq), to follow the truth (haqq) and reality (haqiqa). And those who don’t know naturally need an âlim who knows the true knowledge (haqq ilm) so that they may follow him. They are obliged to abide by that true knowledge (haqq ilm). That said, people should pay attention whether they abide by their knowledge (ilm). Let’s say there is an âlim but he does not abide by his own knowledge (ilm), following his is not valid. He has to act upon his knowledge (ilm).
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Following something other than the truth (haqq) is definitely non-permissible (non-jaiz) in Islam. Âlim should abide by his knowledge (ilm) in the right (haqq) path. In order for an âlim’s knowledge (ilm) to be valid, he himself must be on the right (haqq) path and he must follow his own knowledge (ilm). Otherwise, you don’t keep up with that âlim, you don’t follow him, and you don’t imitate his knowledge (ilm).
That said, one should not imitate for too long. He who doesn’t know abides by he who knows until he learns, but after that he should endeavour to find the source of knowledge (ilm) himself. He should study knowledge (ilm) from respected sources, and those who don’t have this opportunity should abide by people of knowledge (ilm) who follow their own knowledge (ilm). Customs and traditions should be acceptable and legitimate. For a tradition to be acceptable and legitimate it must suit truth (haqq) and reality (haqiqa). That tradition must be an acceptable tradition and it has to be legitimate. Otherwise, not every tradition is a real tradition, nor every custom is a real custom. Not every custom or tradition is acceptable and legitimate. They must be suitable for truth (haqq) and reality (haqiqa). It is torment (zulm) for the soul (nafs) to bear a heavy burden that exceeds your limits without having the necessary equipment or skill. This is important. It is cruelty (zulm) upon the soul (nafs) to bear a heavy burden that exceeds your limits without having the necessary equipment or skill.
Persistence (istiqamat) in knowledge (ilm), learning (irfan), and doings (amal) must be established. A person should be outrightly with his knowledge (ilm). He should be straight and persistent in his faith (iman). He has to have true faith (iman), and his doings (amal) should be right as well. He has to have good deeds (amal-e-saleh), and there should be persistence in his doings (amal). Persistence (istiqamat) in all of these should be established. Otherwise, one starts acquiring information without acting upon it, which is not respected, nor is it acceptable (maqbul).
Ali el-Havvâs was having Imam eş-Şa’rânî sell his books. He told him to distribute earnings to the poor. He directed him towards the marifat ilm (ilm-i ledun). This is an article. But what is the essence of the matter? Well, it is to always be on the side of the truth (haqq) and reality (haqiqa). Besides, Islam itself is but a complete sharia (law), a complete reality (haqiqa), and a complete marifat. The contents of the sharia (law) of Islam are nothing but marifat, reality (haqiqa), along with learning (irfan), and marifat. And there are layers to it. You will start being cognizant of these layers as you learn and advance. Almighty Allah’s bestowments (lutf) will find you, and you will be encompassed by grace (lutf) and fayiz (abundance).
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The divine grace (lutf-u ilahi) will overwhelm you, as long as you do your service towards Allah! Now, Janâb-i Haqq says, “Deviants may not harm you if you are guided (hidayat) as individuals and society.” Let us pay attention to this part! This encompasses individuals and societies. Says, “If you are guided (hidayat) as individuals and society, as nation and state. Now, what is hidayat – guidance? It is the way of Allah. It is obedience to the divine commands without revolting, and it is said that the deviants cannot harm you if you are like that. So, what is necessary for this? Well, Islam is necessary as it equips you with skills that are necessary, and equips you with the physical, spiritual, worldly, otherworldly, exoteric (zahiri) and esoteric (bâtini) qualities as long as you obey Allah and get to know Islam well with regards to knowledge (ilm). To bid what is right and forbid what is wrong is the main thing. This is what is in the basis of these. Janâb-i Haqq says the following when you take a look at the 104th and 110th verses of Surah Ali Imran . Says, “وَلْتَكُن مِّنكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ”. Says, “There should be a people among you inviting mankind to the good (وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ) bid what right (وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ), enjoin what is maʿrūf (good), and forbid what is munkar (wrong)” Says, “There has to be a community among you that do these.”
Also, “وَأُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ” – “Those are the ones who find salvation (falah).”
A Muslim himself should work for the good, and also invite mankind to the good, and bid what is maʿrūf (good). Also, he should make people avoid all evil and the things Allah forbade. This is what Muslims should do as individuals and societies, as nation and state. And it is said that “وَأُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ” – “Those are the ones who find salvation (falah).”
See, Almighty Allah says it, and also adds, “كُنتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ” – “You are the best people (ummah) ever brought forth for mankind,” says Janâb-i Haqq. See, Ummat-i Muhammad is the better people (ummah). These have ranks and degrees. So, from where does the goodness of Ummat-i Muhammad come?
Says, “تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ” – “They bid what is maʿrūf (good).
Says, “وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ” – “They forbid what is munkar (wrong).
They believe in Allah as due. There is obedience in faith (iman) in Allah, not rebellion. There is belief (iman), and not disbelief (kufr). There is faith (iman), not polytheism (shirk). There is monotheism (tawhid), not polytheism (shirk), not corruption (nifaq). There is persistence (istiqamat), and there is no deviousness or corruption (nifaq). That is why there is a great quality that belongs to Muslims that we call Ummat-i Muhammad.
Editor’s note: Ummat-i Muhammad means Muhammad’s people.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 212
We will try to bring forward the benefits of certain great lesson that Imam al-Shāṭibī gave us. Imam al-Shāṭibī says: “Don’t ask what is non-beneficial.” For example, a person has asked, “Who is my father?” Now, let’s say a contradictory answer was given like, “Your father is someone else,” and he was a walad zinā (a child born out of wedlock), then it was possible that he could be embarrassed when be publicly asked that question and received a different answer. These are not the type of questions that are to be asked in public. As our Prophet used to receive too many unnecessary questions, he was upset that a harm may be inflicted upon his people (ummah), this was what he was angry about. He was upset that his people (ummah) may be in harm’s way, and that was why he was angry.
Then again, it is said that they would ask, “Are we to go to hajj (pilgrimage) every year?” which was another unnecessary question. They could not endure it if the answer was, “Yes, it is every year.”
Then again, our Prophet says, “Leave me be as long as I leave you be,” according to a narration Muslim reported. Our Prophet said that in order to go make his ummah’s work easier. People make things difficult for themselves without realizing as they ask questions. Then again, asking things in the form of riddles with ill intentions in order to misguide people; these are also non-beneficial questions. Also asking for hidden cause (hikmat), illat, and reason with regards to inappropriate things. For example, a woman on her period postpones fasting to a later time, asking about this like, “She does not postpone namāz (prayer), but why does she postpone the fast?” is wrong. The Law-Maker who brought forth the sharia (law) is Allah Ta’ala. Even if humanity could know one of the hidden causes (hikmat), there are so many other hidden causes (hikmat) all wrapped up. People don’t know many of them. If something is of divine origin, then it is filled to the brim with hidden causes (hikmat), and when you ask about the cause or illat about something it is unnecessary. It is okay as long as its reason and illat suits the command of Janâb-i Haqq. That said, women may postpone fasting but not namāz. This is possible only for women who are on their periods, and the cause of this is pretty obvious.
People also ask questions in order to make things hard, just like the Israelites asking about baqarah (sacrificial animal) to Musa (Moses). What happened when they asked non-stop? Things got harder and harder for them because one should accept Janâb-i Haqq’s command as it is and with pleasure. When you resist and insist in the face of Allah, then things will go sideways, don’t forget that.
“He whom Allah hates most is he who is extremely contentious to make things hard,” said our Prophet. This is a hadith-i sharif also narrated by Bukhari Sharif. We should not be contentious, rather we should strive for the better good. See, contentiousness means being combative, it is the name of starting arguments for no reason, but we should strive for the better good, and we should do that in the way of Allah.
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Asking questions in order to upgrade things with personal opinion (r’ay). About that, they asked a person, “Are you from Iraq?”
Also, asking about mutashabih (unclear) things. Now, the meaning of mutashabih is ambiguous. There are mutashabih (unclear) verses in Al-Quran Al-Karim. The number of muhkam (clear) verses are higher, and the number of mutashabih (unclear) ones are lower. You will understand mutashabih (unclear) ones when you understand muhkam (clear) verses well. Because they are one by one combinations and keys of treasures. It is best to submit their meaning (ilm) to Allah.
Also, asking about the past. For example, you start asking about the events of the past. They ask about the Battle of the Camel, saying, “Why did the Battle of the Camel happen?” They also ask about the Battle of Siffin. Now, those battles had occurred due to the conditions of those days, and these are incidents that no Muslim has ever wanted, these are historical events that occurred against their will. We should submit them to Janâb-i Haqq and the elders. Janâb-i Haqq will surely give the decree regarding those major incidents. We don’t have the authority to judge anyone. That is why we don’t have the chance to investigate the Battle of the Camel, Battle of Siffin, and others. However, we can say that all of those who took part in them are grand and valuable figures. Mujtahids may be wrong in their ijtihads, but still, there is amnesty to them and there is also a sawāb (reward) as well because the ijtihad of the mujtahid is in the way of Allah. Even if he is wrong, he uses his effort in that way and uses every means available as well. It is also necessary to submit the ijtihad of the mujtahid to the mujtahid himself. Nobody can judge the companions (sahabah) as well. The work of the companion (sahabah) should be submitted to Allah and the Messenger. Also, a hadith-i sharif that is narrated (riwayat) by Sahih al-Muslim and others says the following: Resolve evil with your tongue and hand, and turn evil to good. If you can’t afford doing these, then change them with your heart, meaning don’t be pleased with them by your heart.” It is also said that if a person does not use his hand or tongue in the way of Allah but only hates them with his heart, then his faith (iman) is the weakest.
If there is consent to that evil in his heart, then faith (iman) does not exist in him. There is a great danger there. So, it means that the heart should never be pleased with evil. One should try to turn evil into good or try to destroy evil if his hand and tongue is able to do so. That is an admonition our Beloved Prophet gave to his people (ummah). Abu Bakr (r.a.) said, “O people! If you see evil and leave it alone, then generally Allah will punish all of them.” But of course, the venerable figure called Abu Bakr (r.a.) is an eminent figure who has attained the title of siddiq (trustworthy) and he would always sit near our Prophet’s right knee. He is among the greatest companions (sahabah). What did he say? “O people, if you see evil and don’t change it, then generally Allah punishes all of them.”
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Evil must always be turned to good, and evil must not become predominant. Otherwise, it is said that Allah’s wrath will come for the public.” Abu Bakr also said, “So, bid what is good and forbid what is evil.” Where did he get those words? He got them from Prophet Muhammad. Where did Prophet Muhammad get them? He got them from Islam. Where did Islam come from? Allah Ta’ala has sent down Islam to Muhammad. Islam is divine.
“Let nobody say, “no need,” by misunderstanding this verse, nor should they say, “I only look after myself.” I swear by Allah, you will either bid goodness and forbid evil, or Allah will use the evil ones among you and they will bring upon you the evilest torments. After that, good people among you will pray but it will not be accepted.” This is an authentic narration from our Prophet.
It is present in Kutub al-Sittah. It is present in solid sources such as Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, and Ahmad ibn Hanbali. These hadith-i sharifs and similar ones actually help discovering and explaining what is in the verses of the Quran. Otherwise, these have been commanded in the verses of the Quran in an explicit manner. Then again, the following is said in an authentic news narrated by Ibn Majah: “Try to straighten yourself up when you see people follow stinginess, desire, and everyone in the world follows their own opinions.” The most dangerous setting is that one because people get stingy and they won’t spend in the way of Allah. People start following their desires, not the commands of Allah. They will be busy with the world, and forget about the afterlife (ākhira). Everyone starts following their own opinions, and abandons the commands of Allah. It is said that you should try to straighten yourself up when you see this happening because there is greed around in such times.
These are among valuable advices of Prophet Muhammad that are more valuable than gold and ruby. Then again, our beloved Prophet (asw) said, “If a community has people who commit evil and follow a mischievous path and they don’t change them or ostracize them, then it becomes a right for Allah to punish the whole community.” “No,” he said. “They all deserve a general punishment and then their prayers will not be accepted,” he said.
Then again, this hadith-i sharif has been reported by Ahmad ibn Hanbali. Dearest friends! Allah gives public punishments when evil becomes predominant. Why? Because they don’t forbid evil. Because they don’t change evil into good. See, general troubles occur when evil becomes predominant.
Janâb-i Haqq said, “وَاتَّقُواْ فِتْنَةً لاَّ تُصِيبَنَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنكُمْ خَآصَّةً” in the 25th verse of Surah al-Anfāl.
“Utterly avoid fitnah (dissention) because it is such a fitnah (dissention) that it will not exclusively visit the wrongdoers (zalimun) among you, the harms of that fitnah (dissention) will visit every one of you as a community.”
You see, the punishment will affect everyone in that society.
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Janâb-i Haqq Says, “وَاعْلَمُواْ” – “Know that,” and adds, “أَنَّ اللّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ” – “The punishment of Allah is indeed severe.” Then again, the 25th verse of Surah al-Anfal  narrates this but also says that you should beware of the punishment (fitnah) that shall not only visit the wrongdoers (zalimun) but everyone. That is, the 25th verse of Surah al-Anfal .
It is already over when you cannot call a tyrant (zalim) a tyrant (zalim) because they will have become predominant already. All nations of the world will have the chance of salvation when the Muslims protect Islam. However, there won’t be anyone left to give good advice to people when Muslims are imprisoned. If individuals and the society become oriented towards goodness, and social justice is maintained, then opposing forces such as munkirs (deniers) and polytheists (mushrikun) cannot harm you as long as individuals and the society are oriented towards good. Individuals, nation, society, and the state should be oriented towards good.
If social justice is maintained, then the munkirs (deniers) and polytheists (mushrikun) and evil powers that are against you cannot harm you. Who says it? Janâb-i Haqq says it. We are further explaining and clarifying the verses which we gave their meanings to you. But with what? With discovery notes, and by relying on authentic sources in terms of narration (riwayat) and comprehension (dirayat). Those who don’t do their duty and don’t attend to the society by saying, “Let others do whatever they want,” only leave the field open for evil and deviated people.
They will have left the field open for the evil and deviated people, yet they will be responsible for it and they will be harmed. Bidding what is good and forbidding people from what is evil, starting with themselves, is a requisite obligation that falls upon everyone. However, we have to start the work ourselves first. There is no benefit in blaming others without starting the work ourselves first and seeing our own wrongdoings and faults. So, start with yourself. Straighten yourself up, and equip yourself with the reality (haqiqa), only then will you have so much benefit towards others. Individuals must straighten their inner businesses up.
We should prepare for huzur al-ilahi (to be in the presence of Allah). You see, if a person starts with his own soul (nafs), and people start fixing their inner problems, and they prepare for huzur al-ilahi well, then it will be very good! Everyone has that duty. We all need to make preparations for huzur al-ilahi (to be in the presence of Allah). We have to prepare our inner worlds, our spiritual worlds, our hearts, our physical worlds, our ‚alam al anfus (spiritual realm) and ‚alam al afaq (physical realm) for Allah Ta’ala. We will try to be pure, faithful, obedient, and sincere servants of Allah. Is there any escape from death, afterlife (ākhira), or Allah? O my soul (nafs)! I am asking you! Don’t you ever think! O my brother! I am not asking this to you before I ask it to myself.
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Is there an escape from death? No. Is there an escape from the afterlife (ākhira)? No. Okay. Can you escape from Allah and save yourself? If not, then prepare for huzur al-ilahi (to be in the presence of Allah). So, if you ask who will prepare you, then Islam has been preparing you to be in the presence of Allah, and Janna (Paradise). The leader and guide of this is Prophet Muhammad and Al-Quran Al-Karim, meaning Islam itself. This is how you will be prepared for Allah. Prepare yourself in accord with Islam because other types of preparations are not accepted in the presence of Allah. Other plans and projects are not accepted. The way is Islam, which all Holy Books and Prophets brought forth, and the last sharia (law) is the sharia (law) of Islam. The sharia (law) that Prophet Muhammad brought, which was sent down to Prophet Muhammad by Almighty Allah, is the sharia (law) of Islam. Allah has been renewing the past to this day, and with the sharia (law) of the Quran which was sent down to Muhammad, Allah renewed the past entirely. The brand-new and fresh sharia (law) of all nations and all eras is the sharia (law) of the Quran, Islam, and Muhammad. See, this sharia (law) of Islam has renewed the past entirely. It is brand-new, and all eras are behind it, and it is ahead of all eras. It has been calling people to Janna (Paradise), to the ninth heaven (arsh-i âlâ). It has been preparing everyone in the world for Janna (Paradise). Work for Islam, and be in the Islamic community. Don’t you ever drift one centimetre away from the Islamic community. Not even for a second!
Be among the Ummat-i Muhammad. Be one, united, one heart and one fist. Don’t you ever leave that community! Wolves have torn apart and ate those who did. They will tear you apart and eat you as well. Islam is a unity; you cannot leave it. If you leave it, you will ruin yourself at first, which will be a pity. Even while taking your last breath, don’t you ever leave the community of Islam for a single second. Be in the community of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. Also, call humanity to it, call them to the truth, to the reality. See, those who know the real Islam that Prophet Muhammad brought forth are the grand ulama mujtahids who are in the ecole of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. Beware of the wrongs of ahlul bid’ah (deviant innovators). See, bring forth the truths that Ahlus-Sunnah established against the bid’ah (deviant innovations) of ahlul bid’ah (deviant innovators). It is up to them whether they will accept or not.
However, don’t you ever abandon the community of Islam and the way of Ahlus-Sunnah for a single second! I am not calling you to this or that group. I am calling you to Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. I am also calling all groups as well. I am trying to fix the wrongs with the rights. Let us shed the light of truth to each other and see all of our wrongs in a sincere manner. Let us turn the wrongs into rights using the truths in a brotherly manner. Let us give up this bigoted fanaticism, and obsessions. Let us go back to the Quran, Sunnah, ijma (consensus), and qiyas (reasoning). Let us not put our own obsessions and fanaticism before the Quran. Let us not put a veil on the truth. Let us not cover up the reality. When people are obsessed with something their eyes can no longer see anything other than it.
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Obsessions become a veil before your eyes. The person does not accept the truth, and becomes angry with whoever says it, and shows reaction as well. This is utterly dangerous, and is just like when a lunatic refuses treatment. Like when a crazy person attacks his doctor. Let us try to help the recovery of these illnesses by Allah’s guidance (hidayat), and lutf-u-ilahi (grace). Let us try to cure all patients. The perfect, eternal and immortal prescription of life is Islam itself. We only have to understand it correctly, and use it correctly. You cannot use only half of a prescription; you need to use it as it is. See, the cure and happiness of the souls and hearts, the ‚alam al anfus (the spiritual realm) and ‚alam al afaq (the physical realm) is the perfect prescription of happiness which has been written by Janâb-i Haqq, implemented by Muhammad Mustafa. This prescription in hand has no chance of being distorted until the Last Day.
See, the life-giving light is the contents of this prescription. That is, it is Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam itself. That is the Islam that Prophet Muhammad implemented. That is the religion of Islam says, “Study better,” to all eras and all people of science. Says, “Make discoveries after discoveries, advancement after advancement.” It invites all humanity to beneficial and good work. Says, “He whose two days are similar is at a loss.” Islam is nothing but a beneficial movement and dynamism. There is no laziness or idleness in Islam. Unwariness should not turn into betrayal. Unwariness should be treated right away using knowledge (ilm), learning (irfan), and beneficial work.
Being a person set free by Amr ibn al-As, Budeyl got sick during the Damascus trade, and there were two Christian brothers with him whose names were Dari and Adi. These were Christian brothers. They were with whom? They were with this Budeyl who was a former slave set free by Amr ibn al-As. He got sick during the Damascus trade, and he had two Christian buddies with him. Their names were Dari and Adi. They were two Christian citizens. Budeyl had written everything he had and placed them into the sacks, but he did not inform them about it. He did not say, “I wrote everything I had down and placed them into the sacks,” to the Christian brothers. But he said, “I think my situation is bad and I will be a passenger of the other realm, hand over my goods to my family.” He had prepared himself for death. May Allah bestow mercy (rahmat) upon all believers. May Allah forgive them. May Janâb-i Haqq make us among those who have been saved.
They took the silver vessel. There was a silver vessel, and these Christian brothers took it for themselves, and handed over the rest. Now, after that the family of Budeyl had found the document that contained all of Budeyl’s possessions in the sacks. They crossed everything except that silver vessel. They asked about it. Then, a court had been prepared in the presence of our master after the afternoon prayer.
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Our Prophet had them swear. See, the Christian brothers had sworn. However, the silver vessel was found later. They found it in the hands of a customer who had bought it from them. They had sold the silver vessel secretly. The sons and close ones of the deceased had wanted this silver vessel back. This time, the two Christian brothers claimed they had bought it, and changed their testimony. Another court had been found with the witnessing of Amr bin As and Abu Vedaa. They claimed they had bought the silver vessel, but the oath had turned to the others because they could not prove it. These verses have references to this incident as well. This verse has been accepted as one of the hardest verses due to its ʾiʿrāb, meaning, and decree. This is the 6th verse.
There is a narration from Ibn Abbas (r.a.), Abu Mu’sel Ash’ari, Said ibn Jubayr, Said ibn Museyyeb, Sureyh, Mujahid, and ibn Jurayj. They said, “If a Muslim is not found, in such situations non-Muslims may be taken as witness.” See, unless there is a situation like that non-Muslims are not allowed to testify against believers (mu’minun). That is not accepted according to the Islamic law. A second incident similar to that one had occurred when Abu Mu’sel Ash’ari was the governor in Kufa. This news comes from Imam al-Shafi’i. The judge of that time says that he gave an oath and established a court in the Council of Kufa afternoon. Who did that? Well, Abu Mu’sel Ash’ari did it (r.a.). He was among the elders of companions (sahabah). Then again, Cessâs, as it was seen in his books, said that the witnessing of dhimmis is permissible (jaiz). Now, who are the dhimmis? They are non-Muslims who live under the sovereignty of the Islamic State. They are called dhimmis. Cessâs said their witnessing is permissible (jaiz).
Says, “مِنْ غَيْرِكُمْ” – people of dhimma” has been said about this. Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (r.a.) said this is a disputed matter. Said, “Appeal is for Muslims and “أَوْ آخَرَانِ مِنْ غَيْرِ” has been said about non-Muslims but it is a disputed matter and at the same time it is bound to journey.” Again, it is said that this situation includes two Christians as circumstances of revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl). There is consensus (ijma) in that their witnessing against believers was not rejected by Abu Mu’sel Ash’ari and the companions (sahabah). It is also said that a similar incident had occurred. About exigencies, they said that witnessing of non-Muslim may be permissible (jaiz) in exigencies.
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It is also said that witnessing of women is permissible (jaiz) and there is no abrogation (naskh). See the 282nd verse of Surah al-Baqarah, notary and basics of protecting the rights was mentioned there. There is notary, and the basics of protecting the rights. For the protection of the right, the evidence at hand must be evaluated. It is also said that a dhimmi’s witnessing on a Muslim’s last will is permissible (jaiz) on a journey. Witnessing a dhimmi’s last will is also permissible (jaiz). However, by consensus a dhimmi’s witnessing against a Muslim is non-permissible. The one who said it is Qadi Baydawi (Ghazi Baydawi). He said that a dhimmi’s witnessing against a Muslim is non-permissible by consensus. Qadi Baydawi (Ghazi Baydawi) said it. As for Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, he said this is a disputed matter. It is not legitimate to make them swear according to the majority of mujtahids. Not every swear is wajib (necessary). Some say there is consensus in this but if there is doubt a Muslim can be made to swear as well, and they said this is permissible (jaiz). So, it means that the situation should be brought to light as well as rights and remedies and evidence, whatever is necessary should be done for the manifestation of justice.
Ali, karramallahu wajhah, says, “If there is an offence…” Well, he would make the witness and the narrator swear if there was an offence. It has been conveyed that Ali would make them swear. So, it means that they acted according to the incident. These are grand figures and they did everything properly. It is also said that it is permissible (jaiz) to make those who don’t know that witnessing is an oath swear by their testimonies when morality (akhlaq) is distorted. When morality (akhlaq) is distorted, and when people don’t know what an oath is… In such environments it becomes harder and harder to find a proper witness. That is why it is necessary to give a solid decree by going to any length and using every proof at hand. It is necessary to bring justice to light in a proper manner. What is important is the manifestation of justice and everything should be done for that, but only legitimate things should be done. Islam does not say, “do something that inadvertently leads to trouble,” and wants everything to be proper.
The trustee should be retired from the office when his treason is proven, but if he is acquitted, then according to Hanafites he can be reassigned. It is said that there is consensus on this. It is said that one should be listened to when new evidence emerges, the court and hearing can be repeated. Justice must be manifested.
See the 6th verse of Surah al-Nur  a fourfold testimony is sworn by Allah in certain cases, and in the end they shall witness. For example, this is one of them. When a person blames his own wife, he has to take an oath four times. But of course, there is a manner and method of this oath. You see, it is a terrible thing for a faithful person to swear to his own detriment and curse. That is why it is not possible for nobody to slander their own wives. See, if a great danger has occurred around, then Al-Quran Al-Karim says that the husband has to swear by his word four times.
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Says that Allah has encompassed everything with knowledge (ilm), for Allah is the Only God. People should be honest and proper in the presence of Almighty Allah because Allah knows your soul, knows your heart, and is closer to you than yourself. Think that all the evil inside you will explode in you as a bomb when you do something wrong, don’t forget that nobody gets away with what they have done.
The hodja recites a part of the 98th verse of Surah Ta Ha.
“Your God is Allah, the One. There is no god except Allah. Allah encompasses everything in terms of knowledge (ilm).”
Don’t you ever lie. Don’t be a false witness. Act honestly and properly because Allah encompasses everything with Allah’s knowledge (ilm), omnipotence (qudrah), and manifestation of beauty (jamal) and grandeur (jalal).
Don’t forget that every sin will explode in you like a bomb! Also, don’t forget that you will receive bliss for every good deed! There is a requital for everything. If you build your house on bombs, then don’t forget that one day it will explode. See, people who live on sin, who fill themselves with sin inside and outside are like they have built buildings on bombs which will one day explode. They will explode in your brain and soul. They will explode in the end. So, renounce evil, polytheism (shirk), disbelief (kufr), and corruption (nifaq). Abstain from them, give them up. Don’t abandon faith (iman) and persistence (istiqamat). That is, true Islamic faith (iman) and true Islamic persistence (istiqamat). What is persistence (istiqamat)? It is to be honest and straight.
The hodja recites a part of the 112th verse of Surah Hud .
Says, “Be steadfast, just as you were commanded.”
Also, don’t ever forget that Allah Ta’ala is the original witness of everything.
The hodja recites the 18th verse of Surah Ali Imran .
This verse of the Quran is the 18th verse of Surah Ali Imran .
Allah personally witnesses that there is no other god, as well as the angels, and people of knowledge (ilm) who possess knowledge. See, the ulama is also a witness. The religion in the eyes of Allah is only Islam.
The hodja recites a part of the 19th verse of Surah Ali Imran .
Don’t you ever forget these! Regardless of what anybody says, there is a reality (haqiqa) about. Al-Quran Al-Karim itself is the embodiment of the truth (haqq) and reality (haqiqa). The life-giving light is Islam, the Quran, and Prophet Muhammad. The life-giving light is the sacred laws that Allah brought forth. Every command of Islam is a divine light (nur). It is truth (haqq), reality (haqiqa), and divine law. Economic, social, and political causes have all been listed and people have been warned. That is, Al-Quran Al-Karim utterly warns humanity. Says, “Wake up, and get your mind together! Enter into the command of Allah. Obey Allah, and don’t deviate from Allah’s command.”
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Be witnesses for Allah. No matter what you do, or what word you say, always be honest and steadfast. Always be honest inside and outside when you testify. Your inner world and outer world should be truthful. Your inner world and outer world should be in accord
So, what does Allah do with these types of people then? Allah does not waste any of their good deeds, and gives ample rewards. Why? Because they are Allah’s honest servants. The trustworthy (siddiq) people come after the Prophet, and after them comes the martyrs, and after them comes the pious (saleh) people, the top brass goes like that. You cannot become a Prophet for Allah chooses them, but you can become a trustworthy (siddiq). See, the trustworthy (siddiq) people come right after Prophets. After them comes the martyrs, and then comes the pious (saleh). If you cannot be a martyr, then at least be a pious (saleh). Don’t become anyone else! Become a pious (saleh). The following are present in the top brass: Prophets, trustworthy (siddiq) people, martyrs, and pious (saleh) people. The others except these have not been placed into the top brass. See, these are present in the frontlines of the top brass of believers. You should at least be among the pious (saleh). The pious (saleh) people have fixed everything about themselves inside and outside and have become an educated soul. They are honest people who have straightened themselves up with their selves, souls, hearts, and every fibre of theirs whether material or spiritual; and they serve Allah. They always live in peace, and make peace predominant in their environments. They themselves are filled to the brim with love of Allah, and they embrace those around them with that love. So, you should at least be among the pious (saleh).
That is why, even if it is to your detriment, be witnesses for Allah, and be steadfast. Besides, if you lie, then it all becomes to your detriment. You will have put yourself in a loss, and fire. That is why it is said that even if it is to your detriment be witnesses for Allah and he is honest and right. A believer should stand besides believers, and seek power and honour in unity. Muslims, believers, faiths (imans) should become one and united. Believers must side with believers and seek power and honour in unity, which is also where victory resides. It won’t happen without this unity. That is why witnessing equals seeing and informing of the truth. So, what is witnessing? It is to see and inform the truth. There cannot be testimony with hearsay things, doubts, and interpretations. Besides, you cannot read people’s brains by commenting on them with subjective thoughts. The judge cannot make a decision unless the situation is brought to the light completely, without there being doubt. If he does, then the judge would not be just, he would have done wrong (zulm).
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That is why witnessing is like that. You have to see what happened and know what happened completely. Doubt should not mix-into the testimony, it has to be truthful. You have to testify what happened correctly, and you should have seen what happened, and know everything about what happened for Janâb-i Haqq said, “Judge between people by what Allah has shown you.” Allah does not say, “Judge by what you hear,” rather says, “Judge by what Allah has shown you.” So, you have to see the truth (haqq) first, and know it. You have to see and know what happened. You won’t try to read someone’s brain. You won’t judge anyone according to your ideology and obsessions. If the witnesses are testifying with an evil intention such as judging people according to their own ideologies, then this is a great slander and evil (zulm).
A judge cannot make a decision like that. He cannot judge by doubt, assumption, or his own ideology. Justice is with Allah, and there cannot be justice by siding with someone. The truth (al-Haqq) is Allah’s own name. The truth (haqq) and justice are with Allah. It won’t be true justice if you side with someone else. Let’s say you side with your own group while the others side with their groups, and let others follow their ideologies and philosophies… Where is justice then? Can there be justice that changes according to everyone? Justice is possible through the truth that the Real (al-Haqq) brought forth. That is why, dear friends, the causes should be studied well if justice in the world can’t be ensured no matter what.
Also, fear of the lie being revealed and fear of afterlife (ākhira) convey people to being honest. See, the fear of life being exposed and fear of afterlife (ākhira) lead people to being truthful. If one has no faith (iman) and he does not believe in the afterlife (ākhira) then it is only for worldly reasons that he bears an honest and truthful testimony. Also, if he has no fear with regards to worldly life, then he may tell every lie there is for his benefit. See, if he says he knows someone in the court, or believes that he may get preferential treatment somewhere, and he does not believe in Islam, and he does not believe in the commands of Allah and the justice of Allah, and believes someone will pull some strings for him, then you cannot expect truthfulness from that person. That is why people should be honest and truthful inside and outside. They should not pick sides, rather they should side with the truth.
That is why everything in this ecosystem works perfectly. Every creature does the duty they are assigned. Nobody says, “I won’t do my duty.” Now, see all the bugs and creatures and inanimate things. They have been doing their duties, ones that they were created for. As for humans, they are the most honourable creatures. Should they not be more honest and truthful? Now, innate creation is of course in accordance with nature’s laws. But, what does Janâb-i Haqq do with the others? Allah subjects them to those laws, and the laws of the universe function. So, what does Allah say to people? Says, “O people! I have created nature and the universe for you! So, believe in the laws of Islam which I brought forth, and fulfil the justice.” Says, “Embrace all people with mercy. Islam is a table of rahmat (mercy/blessing). Don’t discriminate between people. O people! My divine justice, it should be manifested by your hand.”
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Divine justice is implemented on earth by people’s hands, and that is why Janâb-i Haqq created mankind as caliphs (successors). Allah gave the duty of successorship (caliphate) to mankind. What is it? Well, it means that mankind has to implement true justice and the divine and just laws of Allah Ta’ala. See, the religion of Islam is divine justice, and it is also justice for those who don’t accept Islam. Islam is also justice for those who are hostile towards it. It is mercy and rahmat. Islam is like that towards everyone in the world. However, the believers and non-believers will not be equal in the other realm called the gathering (mahshar).
In the world, everybody sits on this table and eats. The table of Islam distributes equal rights to everybody in the world with its table of mercy and rahmat. Justice is manifested, but in the grave and the gathering (mahshar), Janâb-i Haqq asks, “My servant! There were believers and non-believers at that table of rahmat (mercy/blessing), and the table of rahmat al-rahman in the world was Mine. They have believed but why did you disbelieve? You were at the same table, and you all stayed at my mulk (kingdom), you were my servants (qul). They have believed and acknowledged My sovereignty, but why did you not.”
See, in that place Allah will personally observe justice. See, Allah created all of mankind as successors (caliphs). Every human being is a successor (caliph) of Allah. In there, Allah will say to all successors (caliphs), “Why haven’t just dealt justly?” to those who did not. Allah will also reward those who did deal justly, and Janna (Paradise) is a price, it is a place of grace. As for Jahannam (Hell), it is the divine justice that is punishment for disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), and revolting against the laws of Allah. That is why all laws are in effect in the universe, and justice should be observed and implemented by people. See what is in the seas, also discover the 92nd verse of Surah Ta Ha. See the rainforests, and all types of animals and plants. There is biodiversity, and countless balances and creatures that we don’t see. There are so many microorganism types in the ecosystem. Just take a look.
They are all bound. There are creatures under thousands of meters below the oceans where finding oxygen is a miracle, they live in mud but they still work for mankind. The ecosystem and the entire universe are working for mankind. Our Almighty Rabb (Lord) says that. Says, “هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ لَكُم مَّا فِي الأَرْضِ جَمِيعاً”. Says, “ثُمَّ اسْتَوَى إِلَى السَّمَاء“ If microorganisms go away, then the methane in the bottom of the sea will mix into the atmosphere. That will cause global warming due to the greenhouse effect. Climate change will happen, and the world will become a hot planet and the world will become an unbearable place. Micro-organisms live under 300 meters below the ocean floor. Their nutritional source is the rocks there. They ensure the circulation of elements, chemicals, and matters. They are single-celled organisms.
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Their roles in the ecological system are being found out recently. You and I are being asked, “Who has established all these balances?” This is asked to you, me, and all humanity who sees that the ecosystem in the universe works with divine laws and divine balances as they study it. All living and inanimate things are here. So, see the holy omnipotence (qudrah), and subject yourself to it. The almighty omnipotence (qudrah) encompasses the realm with the holy mercy (rahmat), and also don’t forget that ungratefulness will cost you a lot. Don’t be ungrateful, rather obey your Rabb (Lord), believe, and don’t rebel.
As you know, Jibril (a.s.) in the Islamic faith is the angel who brought wahy (revelation) to the Prophets. Another name of his is, “Ruh al-Qudus (The Holy Spirit).” See, Jibril (a.s.) is one of the angels who has duties in this universe. Also, there is another Ruh al-Qudus (The Holy Spirit) that shall emerge in the End Times. This one is called the Ruh al-Qudus (The Holy Spirit) that is Ruh al-Haqq (Spirit of Truth). These were written in the previous holy books, and the statement of Al-Quran Al-Karim is pretty clear. They call him, “Ruh al-Qudus (The Holy Spirit),” and this one is also Ruh al-Haqq (Spirit of Truth). This is the khatm al-anbīyāʾ, meaning the Last Prophet.
Janâb-i Haqq has sent Prophet Muhammad as a Prophet upon all the worlds, foremost humanity, and by which Allah manifested with the mercy (rahmat). For Almighty Allah has shined Al-Quran Al-Karim through the chest of Muhammad. Islam has been manifested to the universe with Muhammad by Janâb-i Haqq. The greatest table of mercy and blessing (rahmat) has been set up. This table that is before all humanity is the table of Islam. It is also the table of eternal bliss for humanity. It is the embodiment of the life-giving life source because Janâb-i Haqq has manifested Islam for the universe so that it may give life and make people happy. Such a pity that the Christians don’t accept it. As for Jews, they also don’t accept it.
Ruh al-Qudus (The Holy Spirit) is also the name of Jibril the Trustworthy who visited the ulu’l azm prophets. He was given the name Ruh al-Qudus (The Holy Spirit) when he visited Isa (Jesus), and Ruh al-Haqq (Spirit of Truth) when he visited Muhammad (asw). That is, he was remembered with the names of the Prophets he visited.
You see, Jibril (a.s.) was called Ruh al-Qudus (The Holy Spirit) after he visited Isa (Jesus), and Ruh al-Amin (Trustworthy Spirit) and Ruh al-Haqq (Spirit of Truth) when he visited Prophet Muhammad. Ruh al-Amin (Trustworthy Spirit) is Nur-i Muhammad-i meaning the Light (Nūr) of Muhammad. Generally referred to as Ruhullah. As you know ruh (spirit) is a command among the commands of Allah, and it is a creature. So, nobody should divinize a ruh (spirit). The ruh (spirit) is godly, and it is a creature. So, when we say “Ruhullah – Spirit of God,” it is a command among the commands of Allah, and a servant (qul) among the distinguished servants (qul) of Allah. That is, Prophet Muhammad, or the Light (Nūr) of Muhammad. So, what did Isa (Jesus) say?
The hodja recites a part of the 30th verse of Surah Maryam .
Isa (Jesus) says, “O Allah! I am a servant (qul) of You,” and announces this to mankind. Isa (a.s.) says, “I am a servant (qul) of Allah. Allah has given me the Book.”
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See, Isa says, “I am a servant (qul) of Allah.” But some people say Isa is Allah. They slander Isa (Jesus). They also slander Allah and fall into polytheism (shirk), which is a pity. The concept of time is not present in the actions that are ascribed to Allah. The divine word (kalam) is azali (ever-existent). They occur and manifest for the addressee. Who is addressed is the people (ummah) of Muhammad (asw). If you ask, “Who is the people (ummah) of Muhammad?” Then all people in the world until the Last Day are Muhammad’s ummah, and this includes both believers and unbelievers. Some have accepted the offer, and others are still invited. The believers have accepted the offer of Islam while the others are still being invited. They are being invited to Islam. They may or may not accept, that is up to them. This table has been set up, and the sun has risen. This sun will continue to rise forever because nobody has the chance to put out a light that Allah has lit.
Now, it is said that a believer cannot insist when he asks for a miracle, and that this is never permissible (jaiz). It is not even permissible (jaiz) for him to look like he wants it. The believer cannot insist on his request of a miracle (sign). That is never permissible (jaiz). He cannot even look like he wants it. Why? Is the entire universe not a miracle? It is actually miracle upon miracle…
Mankind should check themselves first. The evidence of the omnipotence (qudrah) of Janâb-i Haqq is always out there. Can anyone create a human being? No, they can’t. Can anyone create a head and put it on shoulders? No, they can’t. Can anyone attach an eye here? No, they can’t. Can anyone place two ears here? No, they can’t. See the spiritual and biological structure of the human body, just take a look at it. See other creatures as well as the universe itself. The documents of the holy omnipotence (qudrah) are in plain sight. As for Al-Quran Al-Karim, it is the Book.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 213
As you know the Disciples of Isa (a.s.) had wanted a table from Isa. They said, “Pray to Allah so that Allah may send us a table down.” They did not do a good thing since this “asking for a table from the heavens,” business was a sign of doubt. Allah (c.c.) gave them a strong message. Said, “If they doubt and deny, then I will punish them with a punishment that nobody else will receive.”
Friends, in the upcoming hours of our lecture, we will continue to present to you so much information that is full of hikmat, enlightening, lightful, and life-giving information. It was said that this business of asking for a table was a sign of doubt, therefore it is a mark of vulgarity and disbelief (kufr). A believer (mu’min) should not fall into such a situation. A believer (mu’min) should never doubt the Prophet, the Book of Allah, asmāʾ (names) of Almighty Allah, and the grandness (a’zamat) and omnipotence (qudrah). True faith (iman) emerges in a person through absolute confirmation (tasdiq). There can’t be a faith (iman) with doubt.
See, the Disciples of Isa (a.s.) had fallen into a similar situation. The Disciples had brought the food to the fore and left the religion and what is spiritual behind. The universe is endless and boundless; can’t the One who created this universe send down a table? As for Isa (a.s.) he had brought the religion to the fore. He turned towards Allah and glorified Allah, and presented his thanks because he is a Prophet. See, all Prophets are eminent figures. Their spiritual ranks are quite different. The greatest ranks of servitude belong to the Prophets. The Prophets have various ranks/degrees among themselves as well. Each and every Prophet has a high degree but some of them have higher degrees than one another. With that said, the greatest one, and the leader (imam) of all Prophets is Prophet Muhammad.
Now, according to the majority, “A red table was sent down between two clouds.” That is, there are narrations (riwayat) in this matter, and this is the valid view according to the majority of the ulama. This is what most of our exegetes and mufassirin say. That is, “A red table was sent down between two clouds.”
Isa (a.s.) sobbed and said, “O, Rabb! Make me among the thankful.” He prayed by saying, “Bestow mercy, and not torment punishment.” Isa (a.s.) performed namāz (prayer), and then opened the table by saying, “bismillāhi hayrur-razikin,” but what did he say? He said, “In the name of Almighty Allah, who is the best of the ones who give sustenance (rizq),” and he opened the table. The following were the things on table: A fried fish without scales that drips oil, salt on the head of the table and vinegar on the end of the table, vegetables other than leek, five pieces of thin bread, one with olives, one with honey, one with butter, one with cheese, and one with pastrami. That is, according to the narration (riwayat).
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Among them there was Şem’un who asked, “Worldly food or spiritual food?” Şem’un asked it to Isa Alaihissalam. He said, “It is not from any of those, what has been created through omnipotence (qudrah) will be sustained and increased as long as you are thankful,” said Isa (a.s.). They said, “O rasūlullah! Show us another miracle?”
He said, “O fish! Resurrect by the leave of the Divine!”
“By the leave of the Divine it started moving and it turned into kebab, the table flew, and some people revolted.”
See, it has been narrated that some of those who rebelled were turned into apes and swine. You see, there has to be a complete faith (iman) and thankfulness in return of bounty (nimat). There has to be thankfulness and perseverance (sabr), a complete faith (iman), a complete amal-e-saleh (good deeds), and unless there is a full submission to Allah, Janâb-i Haqq punishes people in the end.
Then again, it was Sunday when it was sent down, and they made it a holiday. A second narration (riwayat) goes like this, it says the following: “The table was sent down every other day for forty days. The rich and the poor were eating at that table. It would fly away after noon, and they would keep looking at the shadow of the stick (clock) for it. The poor had become rich, and the sick had found a cure. A command came from Janâb-i Haqq, saying, “Let the poor and sick eat.” Allah Ta’ala (c.c.) said it. They fell into anguish and rebellion, and 83 people were turned into ape and swine.
See, the tables were turned when they objected to the command of Allah. What did Janâb-i Haqq say in the end? Said, “Let the poor and sick eat from this table,” but the others objected to this command. Does Allah accept objections? Allah does not. You see, they fell into anguish and rebellion, and it is said that 83 people were turned into ape and swine in the end.
The third narration (riwayat) goes like this: “The table was not sent down.” That was said in the third narration (riwayat). The following is an idiom by Qadi Baydawi Mujahid. “The table is the reality of knowledges, and knowledges are the nourishment of the soul.”
Isa (a.s.). “Piety (taqwa) is earned through faith (iman), and then you earn these through piety (taqwa). When a greater position is opened for a person who has entered a spiritual path, one should think about the possibility that he may not tolerate it, that he may fail to find persistence, and that he may fall into major perversions.
This is an işari (indication) meaning, not an exegesis. The third one’s source is that it is narrated in Şihap. It is an object lesson for the table of Islam. Islam and Prophet Muhammad has set up such a table that it incorporates all bounties (nimat) that is in the heavens and in the earth, and the eternal bounties (nimat) that shall convey people to Janna (Paradise) is the table of Islam. That said, it is Allah Ta’ala who sent it down.
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Islam has been sent down to Prophet Muhammad, and it is Prophet Muhammad who has set up this table. The entire humanity right now, until the Last Day (Qiyamah) are present at this table. But of course, those who obey the divine laws and divine justice have been eating halal. As for those who don’t obey the divine laws, they are those who consume the rights of the poor, sick, needy, and orphans; they are the ones who turn into apes and swine. Yes, they look like human beings from outside, but what is the difference between apes and pigs, and those who consume the rights of the poor, sick, needy, orphans, and humanity? They are even worse, and that is why attentions have been drawn to this meaning that shows something. The table of Islam is one that all creatures in the world eat and drink. An everlasting table has been set up. It is the eternal abode of peace and felicity, which is the Janna (Paradise), which is to attain the jamal (beauty) and pleasure (riza) of Allah, and find salvation. Islam itself is what brought forth this table for the eternity. Islam is the table of happiness for the eternity. This has been sent down to Prophet Muhammad. That said, the table of Rahmat al-Rahman of Janâb-i Haqq is different. This is the table of Islam that comes from pre-eternity (azal). A table of Rahmat al-Rahim that goes to eternity… It is Islam which Almighty Allah introduced that prepared both of them. Islam incorporates both eternity past (azal) and eternity (abad) for Al-Quran Al-Karim is Allah’s book, and the entire Islam is but laws of Allah. That is why the religion of Islam is not limited to eras, ages, and nations. It encompasses all eras in eternity, and all eras follow it, and they are all in its contents.
As for Islam, it is not limited to eras, ages, nations, or times. Islam has encompasses all nations, times, and eras. Those so-called brave fellows who don’t understand Islam have been narrating it wrong, and they consider their barren mentalities that roam about in dark corners Islam. Islam is neither the one that irreligious people think it is, nor is it the understanding of ignorant people who call themselves Muslims, who misunderstand Islam due to their narrow-minds. Islam in itself is the divine laws. It has encompassed eternity past (azal) and eternity (abad). That said, a word of a verse in Al-Quran Al-Karim is like an ocean.
When you look at it, you will see that one side of that word or sentence goes to eternity, and the other side of it goes back to the eternity past. Do you know how many things are included in the contexture of the praise when you say, “الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ”? All praises, glorifications, and exaltations that have ever existed and will ever exist are present in it. Allah does not only have the praises of a single era. All praise and glorification ever existed and will ever exist belong entirely to Allah. A hamd-u-sena (thank and praise) is but a word that encompasses eternity past (azal) and eternity (abad). That alone is a sacred word, and this is valid for all verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim.
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The worlds are like drops in the ocean of the Quran. “The entire world with all its eras, times, places, heavens and the earth are like a drop next to the afterlife (ākhira). Says our exegetes, the discoverers who discover the Quran… The Quran itself explains this. Then again, you are also a discoverer if you understand the Quran here. People should understand Al-Quran Al-Karim well, as Fakhr al-Din al-Razi says.
Rahmatullahi alayh wa alayhim ajmain.
He says, “The world is but a drop next to the afterlife (ākhira).” There are many narrations (riwayat) from our Prophet similar to this one, and that is why we should pay attention to the table of Islam. Actually, we must give all of our attention to it because it narrates the past. See, Al-Quran Al-Karim narrates the time of Isa (Jesus). Hence, the table of Isa (Jesus) is in the Quran. The tables of Musa (Moses) and Ibrahim (Abraham), the table flowing with milk and honey is in the Quran. From Adam to Nuh (Noah) and up to Muhammad, and from Muhammad to the Last Day (Qiyamah), all beginningless and endless tables are present in the table of Islam.
Now, let’s have a look at the 3rd verse of Surah al-Maidah . We gave you its meaning before but I am giving an exegetical note here.
Allah says, “I have perfected for you your religion, and completed My blessing upon you.” Who says it? Almighty Allah says it. Janâb-i Haqq said, “الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ” right? Said, “I have perfected for you your religion, and completed My blessing upon you, and I have approved Islam for you as a religion (din).” Janâb-i Haqq said, “I liked it, and I have chosen it.” For one thing, Almighty Allah has sent down, and settled the table of Islam into this universe by the hand and heart of Prophet Muhammad. The entirety of Islam is Al-Quran Al-Karim, which is Allah’s book that Allah sent down. Now, do you understand how big the table of Islam is compared to the table of Isa (Jesus)? Let’s see that it is a universal state, and a universal table because the Islamic sharia (law) of Muhammad is the religion of all eras, and that is why Islam is a universal state, and a universal table. That is, there are no bounds of its grandness, there is no boundary with regards to the greatness of Islam. That is why people should get to know the grandness of this table well.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 214
This also shows that the punishment of disbelief (kufr) and denial will be big. That is for whoever denies Islam. See, the table of Islam is too grand, and the disbelief (kufr) of those who deny it are too big. Therefore, their don’t you ever forget that the punishment of denial will be too great. This shows that as well. The table of Islam is actually two tables, one of which is table of Rahmat-i Rahman which is the worldly one. Everyone is at this table; every person and every creature are present at this table. Beware! One of the tables of Islam is set up on the earth while the other is set up in the other world. The name of the one on the earth is Rahmat-i Rahman. It is worldly, and every person and living creature in the world is at that table. They are all at the table of Rahmat-i Rahman. See, one table of Islam is set up on the earth, while the other is at the other world, it is set up there in the other world. That is, The Greater Paradise (Jannah-i âlâ). The bounties (lutf) of Allah are everlasting bounties (lutf), and that is at the Rahmat-i Rahim table. It is spiritual, it is the paradise, it is also beautiful (jamal-i) and divine. Only the believers are present at this table. Nobody else is at this table because non-believers will never be able to sit at this table in the next world. They will never enter Janna (Paradise). They will never attain the Janna (Paradise) and Beauty (Jamal). That is why believers will be sitting at this second table of eternity. It is Islam that set up both of these tables. One is set up on the earth, don’t forget it! Everybody is at that table including all living creatures. Every person, including believers and non-believers are at this table of Rahmat-i Rahman on the earth, and this is the table of Islam on earth. As for the second table, it is the table of Rahmat-i Rahim in the other world. This is Allah’s beauty (jamal), pleasure (riza), and paradise (janna), and it is the table that only believers sit at. See, only the believers shall enter Janna (Paradise). But, which believers and which Muslims? See, all Prophets are Muslims. The religion that all Prophets brought forth has been Islam. There was Isa (Jesus) before Muhammad, and Musa (Moses) before him, and there were others before him, and even before them there was Ibrahim (Abraham), Nuh (Noah), and Adam (a.s.). Their religion was Islam. People who were Muslims at those ages will enter Janna (Paradise). As for today, everyone who is a Muslim until the Last Day will enter Janna (Paradise) because from Adam to the Last Day, the only religion is Islam. All Prophets have been assigned to Islam. Allah personally renewed the sharias (laws) of Islam according to the situations of the eras of the past. Ultimately, Al-Quran Al-Karim and Prophet Muhammad renewed the past entirely, but the religion is still Islam. Allah has renewed the sharia (law) of Islam until eternity with Prophet Muhammad. We are telling you!
“A part of them is on the place of punishment.”
Berberaniyye would divinize both Isa (Jesus) and his mother, and call them gods. See, they have got up from the table of monotheism (tawhid). Some people sat at the table of polytheism (shirk). Do you know what those who sit at the table of Rahmat-i Rahman do?
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They eat from this bounty (nimat), but they do not know Allah right. So, do you know who is also among them? Those who are at the place of punishment. They eat from this table in the world, but they are at the place of punishment, and one of them is Berberaniyye. They would call Isa (Jesus) and his mother gods. Those who have that belief are all the same. They would say, “The father, the mother, the son.” Ibn-i Hazm says that they have this view.
That said, this means hulul (incarnation) which is polytheism (shirk). Islam rejects hulul (incarnation). Now, the belief of hulul (incarnation) that a soul incarnates into something else. See, they worship paintings of Maryam in their churches and houses, but you can’t worship a servant (qul). One can only worship Allah. Isa (Jesus) said no such thing. Isa (Jesus) did not call people to worship himself. He did not say, “Worship me, and worship my mother.”
He did not say, “Father, son, and the Holy Spirit,” nor did he say, “Father, mother, and son.” He did not say the God is a trinity. Isa (a.s.) did not say anything about hulul (incarnation). Isa is an honest and upright Islamic Prophet. In the end, they misrepresented Isa (Jesus) and divinized him. They divinized him and his mother. They claimed Allah is his father. Never! Never in ever! They abandoned Allah and started worshipping a servant (qul). They ruined themselves! However, Al-Quran Al-Karim came to rectify all wrongs. It came to save humanity from polytheism (shirk), and called people to monotheism (tawhid). See, everybody sits at the table of Rahmat-i Rahman, but the basis of it is monotheism (tawhid), and it calls to monotheism (tawhid). Isa (a.s.) says, “Your ilm bears witness; glory and wisdom (hikmat) is yours.” He said, “Sovereignty and divinity only belongs to You.” Who was Isa (a.s.) addressing here? He was addressing Allah. “My Allah,” he says, “Your ilm bears witness; glory and wisdom (hikmat) is yours.” “Sovereignty and divinity are only yours.” Isa said that he was a servant (qul) of Allah, and he is a servant (qul) of Allah for he is a Prophet. He is son of Maryam, one of the servants (qul) whom Allah created, and he is a valuable Prophet. When you divinize him and worship Isa, you slander him, and his mother and Almighty Allah. Polytheism (shirk) is a great atrocity (zulm), disbelief (kufr), and greatest slander against Allah. One should be able to sit at the table of Islam with loyalty and sincerity, and eat from it forever by being worthy of it, and in the end find salvation. Now, Islam calls all humanity to monotheism (tawhid), sincerity (ihlas). The religion of Islam calls all humanity to great salvation. One should be able to sit at the table of Islam by being worthy of it, and eat forever. That is why Prophet Muhamad called to table of monotheism (tawhid). Almighty Allah set up the table of Islam, and sent it down to Prophet Muhammad. It is Muhammad’s table. Do you know what those who love Muhammad say about him? Those who believe in that great Prophet, the one who affirmed all of the past Prophets, the one who bears witness to the past. Do you see how they utter their love for him?
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O şemsi-d duha!
O bedri duca, nur al-huda!
Salaat and salaam to you!
The leader of Prophets.
The guide of Awliyā.
The Prophet of People and the Jinn.
O Muhammad Mustafa.
Salaat and salaam,
Salât-u-selam, and all respect is to him.
All types of respect towards him.
Ashadu an la ilaha illa illa-ilah, wa ashadu anna muhammadan rasul ullah. La ilahe illallah muhammadan rasul ullah.
Almighty Allah personally bears witness to the prophethood of Muhammad. For one thing, think about your own situation if you deny what Allah and the angels bear witness. Do you know what will your situation be if you deny the One who sent Muhammad upon all the worlds, the One who sent down Al-Quran Al-Karim to him, and the One who settled the divine laws and order of Islam on earth by the hand and heart of Muhammad. Do you know what will your situation be if you deny the Prophet of Allah! Isa (Jesus) came to herald Muhammad, but you deny him. Musa (Moses) gave news to his people, but you deny. You are not in the way of Isa (Jesus), Musa (Moses), or Nuh (Noah). Come, Islam is the religion of all Prophets. Firmly believe in Al-Quran Al-Karim and Prophet Muhammad, and save yourself. Islam came to save. This is the truth, whether you believe or not.
That is why dear friends, the consent (riza) of the believing servant (qul) who has loyalty and sincerity has been connected to the consent (riza) of the Divine. There is no will, pleasure, victory, or plan over that. That is only possible with loyalty and sincerity.
You need to subject to the sharia (law) that Muhammad brought in order to serve Allah with every fibre of your being. Then again, in a narration (riwayat) that Bukhari Sharif narrated on the authority of Ibn-i Abbas: “It is permissible (jaiz) to merge namāz (prayer) due to handicap.” Now, our mujtahids have said what is necessary regarding this matter. Our mujtahids have evaluated the hadith-i sharifs regarding the matter in the best possible manner.
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That is why we should pay close attention to our fiqh books! We should abide by the views of truthful mujtahids of Ahls-Sunnah, and endeavour to understand the verses of the Quran and hadith-i sharifs well! Let us see how our mujtahids understand the verses, and reach the essence of knowledge (ilm), let us delve into the root, let us try to obtain the proofs, and be honest Muslims. Let us perform our worship with complete sincerity (ihlas). Let us learn Al-Quran Al-Karim with complete faith (iman) in order to act upon it with sincerity. Let us not forget that the soul of all worship is sincerity (ihlas). Then again, let us look at this universe which is the proof of Janâb-i Haqq in the universe, the cosmological signs (kevni ayat) of Allah’s power (qudrah). Let us discover the ayat (sings/verses) in the Book, and continue to discover the laws in the cosmos.
Now, let’s have a look. Think of a ranch’s soil, in approximately 0,5 hectares of land there is about a few tons of live bacteria, about one ton fungus, hundred kilograms of single-celled protozoon animals, about fifty kilograms of yeast, and same amount of tang is present according to the calculations that have been made. Let us have a look at these. We’ll see it when we look at the universe. There is a very crowded vitality in the depts of oceans; there is unbelievable amounts of knowledge in cells. Let us have a look at the scientific studies. Let us see the books, magazines, and documentaries! There are millions of species that we have knowledge of. For example, it is estimated by marine ecologists that ten million species live in the seas, and this number is not the number of live animals but species. According to a study, in every 30*30 cm sample taken from the ocean floor where the depth is 2100 meters, 55 to 135 different species have been found. Also, according to a study done in South Australia, existence of more than 800 species have been identified in 10 square meters of ocean floor. Scientists have been stating that even though ocean floors physically resemble a desert, in terms of species diversity they are more likely to be on par with tropical rainforests. Besides, there haven’t been any scientific research with regards to most sections of the oceans. The universe has not been fully discovered, and there is too much work to be done. Humanity is only at the beginning of the work. Besides, humanity is too behind with regards to most things. See, Al-Quran Al-Karim calls all humanity to scientific studies since the 14th century in terms of the cosmological and written signs and verses (ayat). See, there is a group of living creatures and majority of it is animal and plant species and they constitute 25-50% of all creatures on earth in terms of mass.
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There are microorganisms, and a substantial part of them are constituted by bacteria. Bacteria may exist in orbicular, rod, or spiral shapes. Majority of them are smaller than 0.1000 to 1 millimetre. They are so small that hundreds of thousands of them may fit into a dot at the end of this sentence. Bacteria are among the groups that show most diversity, but they are known least. They have a diversity that even renders the technology of the 21st century helpless. There are thousands of bacteria species; and billions of bacteria that live in one gram of soil resembles a rainforest in microscopic scale. That is, it is possible to see an example of the extraordinary diversity that is encountered in a rainforest in a handful of soil under microscope. Even though each cell takes up an unbelievably small space, their DNA’s that contain enormous amount of knowledge put some people in a hard situation. Even smallest spaces show the infinity of the Creator’s knowledge (ilm) and intelligence. That is, the Almighty Creator.
See, there is knowledge in three billion different subjects in a DNA molecule. One can constitute a series of books that will have one million pages. A book series with one million pages is about one thousand volumes, and if we could put them side by side it could reach from the North Pole to Equator. It would take one thousand years to complete a full recitation of these thousand volumes if we recited it non-stop. This enormous knowledge belongs to a single DNA that is present in a single hair on our heads, or a single hair on our arm, or a single cell of a nail. How can a library made of one million books be hidden in a single cell of a hair that we cannot see with naked eye? How can the knowledge be packed into every cell that make up that hair? How can the DNA be crammed into all cells that make us? How can a knowledge that will only fit into thousand books that is impossible for us to carry be crammed into our bodies one hundred trillion times? It is clearly possible to see in a scientific manner that the divine power (qudrah) is endless, boundless, and infinite. Such a pity that mankind looks, but it is not counted as seeing unless they see the truth. It is necessary to see the divine power (qudrah), and see al-Khalq (Creator) first while seeing the creation. It is necessary to thoroughly feel Allah’s divine power (qudrah). That is why faith (iman) should be perfected.
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