Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 28-29
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 28
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful. Dearest and most venerable friends! We continue with our 28th lesson of the life-giver. Our endeavor is to be beneficial to the humanity. We continue our announcement, which is our lessons of life, so that we may earn the consent of Allah. Those who earn the consent of Janâb-i Mevlâ (Rabb – Lord of All Worlds) are blissful in both realms. May Allah bestow us being among the servants who earn the true life in the world and in the afterlife. Our purpose is nothing but doing good for the entire humanity. We have never had a different purpose, nor shall we. For we are all servants of Allah. We are all offspring of Adam and Hawwa (Eve). This world is created for us by our Almighty Rabb (Lord). It is Allah who established this order. Allah’s pre-eternal and everlasting rahmat (blessing) is more than enough for us all. Never-ending and fadeless bounties belong to Allah. We are servants of such a Divine! So, how can we leer at each other? How can we do evil against one another? How is this even possible? Islam does not allow evil acts against one another. Islam is the peace of hearts and souls. Islam is a brotherhood of all souls. The souls shall fill to the brim with compassion. This is possible by knowing Allah well and submitting to Allah with every fiber of our being and acknowledging Al-Quran Al-Karim in a proper way. And it is necessary to properly study the fact that Prophet Muhammad was sent down to the worlds as a Prophet of Blessings. You see, the life-giving order, the life-giving truth, and all values that belong to them are in Al-Quran Al-Karim. The life-giving light is a bliss for the hearts. It is eternal happiness for the hearts! For this the entirety of your heart must love Allah. For Allah loved you, that is why Allah created you. Do not forget that the essence of life is love. The eye of the heart is love. The creation of the worlds is Rahmat al-Rahman (blessing of the Most Gracious). And what made Rahmat al-Rahman (blessing of the Most Gracious) manifested itself is love. You may ask, “If that is the case, how did Jahannam (Hell) come to be?” We say that it was created in return of the sins, and rebellion against Allah. Life is a trial. If you deny the Creator while you live in all these blessings (rahmat), then know that what you do is not the essential thing to do. Your denial is nonessential. What is essential is Allah Ta’ala being wajib al-wūjūd (necessary existent). What is essential is Allah being Rahman (Most Gracious) and Rahim (Most Merciful). You see, Allah overwhelms people with everlasting bounties with love. This is what is essential. When you deny the Book. When you say you will not acknowledge the verses of the Quran, Book of Allah and when you refuse to know Almighty Allah properly with Allah’s attributes polytheism (shirk), disbelief (kufr), and corruption (nifaq) occurred. You see, Jahannam (Hell) is a necessity of the Divine Justice. So, as you see, crime and sin appeared against rahmat (blessing). And justice stood against crime. Thereafter, as a necessity of the Divine Justice punishments for the crimes, and Jahannam (Hell) was created. The mankind wanted this. And Allah created it. Let us see what our Prophet said in Sahih al-Bukhari. In afterlife (ākhira), other nations deny the announcement of their own Prophets.
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In the court, testimonial will be asked. Tomorrow, in the thulātha Last Court, in Ruz-i Cezâ (the Last Day), in the grand court other nations shall deny the message (tabligh) of their own Prophets. In the grand court testimonial will be asked. Ummah-i Muhammad shall be brought to the presence, and they shall give testimony. They shall ask to Ummah-i Muhammad, “How do you know?” You see, Ummah-i Muhammad is the last ummah (nation). They shall ask, “How do you know about the situation of previous nations?” Ummah-i Muhammad shall say the following: “Allah informed us with Al-Quran Al-Karim, and Muhammad. This is how we know,” they shall say. O, the entire mankind! This part is important, so listen closely. Islam, Al-Quran Al-Karim, and Ummah-i Muhammad are the witnesses of the history. In the Great Gathering (Mahshar), in the Grand Court, Ummah-i Muhammad shall be the witness of all ummah (nations) of the history. In this hadith-i sharif, Prophet Muhammad said how he will witness. This is the announcement given by Prophet Muhammad. For Al-Quran Al-Karim informs us about the history. The prophets of the past did their duties well. Isa (Jesus) Alaihissalam never said he was son of Allah. He never said anything about trinity. He never said, “thālithu thalāthatin – Allah is the third of the trinity”. He only said that he was a servant of Allah, a Prophet, and son of Maryam. Musa (Moses) Alaihissalam never told anyone to deny Bible, Isa (Jesus), Quran, or Muhammad. He never advised them to practice Zionism. He never told them to do something wrong. Ummah-i Muhammad shall give testimony for all prophets, saying they have done their duties well. Al-Quran Al-Karim is the testimonial of this. Prophet Muhammad is the testimonial of this. And Ummah-i Muhammad is the witness of this. Our dearest brothers! It is the truths that give life to mankind. All commands within Al-Quran Al-Karim are indeed truths. The life-giving light consist of the fadeless and everlasting light are the lights of the reality that shine within Al-Quran Al-Karim, which shall never fade. Al-Quran Al-Karim is entirely wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation). Al-Quran Al-Karim is for the good of humanity. You cannot find anything in Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim that shall bring loss to a person. The divine laws are in effect in order to save mankind from loss, cruelty, polytheism, and disbelief (kufr). And this is a manifestation of the laws of Janâb-i Haqq with the life-giving and life-saving aspects of it. So, let us say a microbe is in your body and you know it is going to ruin you. That microbe must be removed from your body. That means saving a life. So, if there are correct punishments according to the crime, this also means saving lives. This is removing a microbe from the environment in order to save the nation, and national spirit. And that is not measured according to the measures of man but the measures of Allah. There cannot be imperfections or errors in the measures of Allah. However, it is a duty upon all of us to properly discover the divine laws both in the Book, and in the nature and universe. This is why, dearest friends! The life-giving light, and the life-giving and unique life-style are created by Allah. It is belief (iman) that establishes the sultanate of truly blissful life in the hearts and souls. This is the Janna (Paradise) of the world, the Janna (Paradise) of the grave, the Janna (Paradise) of the Great Gathering (Mahshar). This is because when you establish this divine sultanate in your heart and soul in the world, this will bring the manifestation of justice.
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A Dar al-Islam (house/abode of Islam) shall emerge in the world. when the divine order is established in the hearts and souls. That is the abode of all people. Islam is not abode of Arabs, Turks, the east, or the west. Islam is the abode of all people. Islam is universal. Everyone has a right to live in this eternal blessing by abiding by the laws of justice. It is a right upon all people to benefit from the never-ending blessing of Allah with a just distribution. Allah Ta’ala does not forgive the ones who do injustice to others, and who cheat people of his rights. Why? Allah says no one should cheat people of their rights. The order Allah established is the just order. This order is the divine justice. In this day everyone speak of justice but there are fake and symbolic justices. There are make-believe, and imitation justices, and there is the true and authentic justice. You see, the order Allah established is the just and divine order. And this is the true (haqq) justice. Dearest friends! We continue to struggle with our powerlessness We hope that this struggle may be a conduce towards the salvation of all of us. Otherwise, guidance (hidayat) comes only from Allah. But it is also Allah who ordered us convey the message (tabligh). It is also Allah who ordered us to convey the message (tabligh) of this life-giving order to people. We have to accept our powerlessness. And it is necessary for us to do these things to the extent that our power allows. That is conveying what we know is true in a correct way, without flattery and adulation. But first, it is necessary to narrate the truth of Quran well. I have been humbly researching and studying for 50 years and I do not only consider my own findings. We have a history as well. We have grand âlims, and grand philosophers. We have âlims who discovered Al-Quran Al-Karim perfectly. We have a chance to benefit from all their knowledge. We have chance to inherit a great fortune. We have such a chance as well. No one can disregard this chance we have, and if they do, this means they do not know the truth and they are ignorant and unwary. Your history is filled to brim with âlims and discoverers. On the other hand, if someone does not know his own history, and his own authentic values and if he gravitated towards others, and he is imitating other people it is clear that his imitation became like a veil blocking his vision. If those people do not know the truth, this is because their eyes are veiled. There is a veil between him and his essential values, and his history. We need to remove that veil. So, how can you remove that veil? You can remove it by means of knowledge (ilm) and science. If you study him, even briefly, you will see that Al-Imam Al-Azam is a peerless philosopher of his own age. If you study Imam al-Malik, and other mujtahids who were raised in the same ecole (school), you will see that the greatest jurists of Islam such as al-Shafi’i, and Hanbali used to work so hard for the manifestation of divine justice in the world. You will see that such grand figures have been raised in these ecoles (schools). Al-Ghazali is a grand discoverer and a grand philosopher.
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So, Ibn Rushd, al-Farabi, Ibn Sina, and similar âlims whose names were not heard yet are our heroes and âlims who shed light upon the world. We have such grand heroes and âlims. Âlims – Islamic scholars are invaluable figures who shed light upon science, and upon the universal soul of the entire world. This is why the Islam is a universal religion that consists completely of ilm (knowledge), and science. They have understood wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation) well. Then they utilized deductive reasoning to find what is auxiliary via what is primary. They encouraged all people towards sciences. And then the scientific studies have picked up the pace. For Al-Quran Al-Karim was manifested in this world by saying, “iqraʾ- read”. The first word of it was “iqraʾ- read,” and have others read. This word encompasses both reading and having others read. To read, but the first meaning of it is to have your nafs (self) read it. The primary meaning of “iqraʾ- read,” is to have your nafs (self) read it, so that the meaning may encompass your nafs (self). To read, and to have it read starts with this action. Janâb-i Haqq had Prophet Muhammad read it. And Allah filled his spiritual world with meanings. Allah dressed him with literal (zahir) and hidden (bāṭin) knowledge, and all types of positive sciences (ilm-i ledun). The discovery of the verses in Al-Quran Al-Karim was stated to Muhammad by the Divine Will of Allah. It is Allah who made the first exegesis of Al-Quran Al-Karim to Muhammad. It is Allah who explained it to Muhammad. Gabriel Alaihissalam was the conveyor of the message. He is the grand archangel who brought the wahy (revelation). The endless generosity and bounty (nimet) of Almighty Allah, were manifested via Islam. We cannot finish these truths by narrating. You may find all of the eternal truths. Our works are like a drop of water in an endless ocean. But being a droplet in that endless ocean brings the eternal felicity of all of us. Dearest friends! It is now clear that Ummah-i Muhammad is a witness in the Great Gathering (Mahshar). In the Great Gathering (Mahshar), Ummah-i Muhammad will give testimony. They shall ask, “How do you know?” And Ummah-i Muhammad will say that they know via the text of the Quran, and the news given by Muhammad. In the Great Gathering (Mahshar), they will testify against the nations of the past. They shall testify that the prophets in the past were righteous, and they did not do wrong. However, they will also testify that among their ummahs (nations) there were tribes who did not believe in the truths and the sharīʿah (canonical laws) brought by the Prophet. Ummah-i Muhammad shall testify against the ummah (nations) of the past, according to what Al-Quran Al-Karim says, and according to the news given by Prophet Muhammad. After this, Prophet Muhammad shall be brought into the presence. The greatest and last witness of the Great Gathering (Mahshar) is Prophet Muhammad. They shall ask him about his ummah (nation). And he shall purify his ummah (nation). He shall say, “My ummah (nation) is just and righteous.” This is how the witnessing in the grand court in Ruz-i Cezâ (the Last Day) shall happen. So, our Prophet purifies his own ummah (nation). He says that his ummah (nation) is just and righteous.
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Do you know the ummah (nation) he is talking about? That is, the true ummah (nation). As for the liars, tricksters, deniers (munkirs), hypocrites (munafiqs), and polytheists (mushriks) cannot be his ummah (nation). They may have lived in the same period as Muhammad. They may reside in the territory of Ummah-i Muhammad, it does not matter. You see, there is an ummah (nation) who believe, and there is a ummah (nation) who do not. After Prophet Muhammad, until the Last Day (Qiyamah), all nations are Prophet Muhammad’s ummah (nation). But as you know, there are those who believe and those who do not. We are referring to the believers here. Muhammad purifies the people in his authentic ummah (nation). We have to understand these matters well. Each commandment is valid in its own time, before it is removed or renewed. Commandments may be removed or renewed (nesih), but you will not have loss due to your previous acts. The namāz (prayer) of those who used to perform it towards Al-Masjid-ul-Aqsā will not go in vain. That was the valid command back then. That is what Almighty Allah commanded. But, what did Allah do after? Allah changed the qiblah to Kaaba Shareef. Allah does what Allah wills. Whatever Allah says will happen. Everything related with Allah is perfect. Everything related with Allah is filled with wisdom/knowledge (hikmat). This is why criticizing Allah Ta’ala is not within the bounds of possibility. Allah could be criticized if there was second divinity. And there is no chance for a second divinity to exist. That is not possible. There is not even a slight chance. Allah is a Divinity. Allah is the sole ruler of all worlds, eternally. Allah is the All-Able and All-Capable Sultan. Allah does not have partners or peers, and shall never have. A second divinity is among the things that are not permissible (jaiz) to even think about. This is among the things that are not possible to exist. This is out of the bounds of possibility. This is why ill-intentioned assumptions about Allah Ta’ala who is One and perfect by all means, shall ruin a person. As for practicing polytheism (shirk) or denial or causing corruption (nifaq) or being a cruel person who inflicts cruelty to people by not acknowledging the commands of Allah means being a cruel person, a venial sinner (fāsiq), and sinner by action (faajir). For once, these are not suitable for people with slightest intellect and belief (iman). Dearest friends! Şatır is half of something, or a part of it. In other words, according to public, it is enough to face towards Kaaba Shareef. This is the public opinion. As for Muʿtazila, and Al-Jubba’i, they mandate turning at least half-way towards Kaaba. That is, in namāz (prayer). The following is reported on the authority of Al-Baraʼ ibn ʽAzib (r.a.). Our Prophet (saw), had performed Azib namāz (prayer) in Al-Masjid-ul-Aqsā for 16 months in Madinah. Two months before the Battle of Badr, in the month of Rajab, while performing the noon prayer while Banu Salama (r.a.) were performing namāz (prayer) with their people the verses that we gave the meanings of were revealed. They performed the first two rakat of the noon namāz (prayer) facing towards Al-Masjid-ul-Aqsā. Then, they performed the last two rakat facing towards Al-Masjid-ul-Harām. This is how our Prophet had them perform the namāz (prayer). It is also narrated that woman and men took each other’s place because the direction they face has changed. Editor’s note: This is because women perform namāz (prayer) behind men.
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They called the masjid as qiblatayn. The pilgrims visit that place when they go to pilgrimage. Turning to Al-Masjid-ul-Harām in namāz (prayer) became a religious obligation (fard) upon all people. So this message was conveyed across everyone. You see, Janâb-i Haqq removed the authority of the past sharīʿah laws. And similar to that, Janâb-i Haqq changed the qiblah to Kabaa Sharif. So, Muslims were ordered to turn towards Baitullah instead of Al-Masjid-ul-Aqsā. Allah’s commandment is perfect, and well-said; whatever Allah commands. One should know that nesih (removal) and tebdil (renewing) are divine sunnah and customs. These are the laws of Allah Ta’ala. Nesih (removal) and tebdil (renewing) are divine sunnah, or rather effective laws, and customs. These are customs of Allah. Janâb-i Haqq kept renewing the sharīʿah laws in Islam to this day. These are sunnah, and at the same time the customs of Allah. These are among Allah’s laws. Ibrahim Alaihissalam used to perform namāz (prayer) towards Kaaba Sharif as well. So, the qiblah of Ibrahim Alaihissalam was not Al-Masjid-ul-Aqsā in Jerusalem. It was Kaaba Sharif. Yahud turn towards the desert. The Christians turn towards where sun rises, their qiblah is also different. So, these communities do not directly turn towards Al-Masjid-ul-Aqsā. Yahud turn towards the desert. The Christians turn towards where sun rises. These are their qiblah. And their own qiblahs are completely different. But of course, when Almighty Allah gives the final verdict all people must follow. When Allah Ta’ala removes the previous ones, and gives new commandments everyone must follow the last commandment of Allah Ta’ala, and fulfill that commandment. This is an obligation and debt upon all people. You see, it is Allah Ta’ala who makes the nasih (removal). It is Allah who renews sharīʿah laws. And the Prophet conveys the message, and implements the command. This is why you should never forget that when you say, “No, I will do it my way,” when Allah gives the command, you will be confronting Allah. Iblis objected once, think about what happened to him. He was driven out, and what did he do in the end? He was not able to think about belief (iman), repentance, and asking for forgiveness. He did not even gravitate towards this side. He still insists on his disbelief (kufr), and obstinacy. Some people say they will not become Muslims. Allah renewed the previous laws with Islamic sharīʿah, which is a brand-new sharīʿah. Some people refuse the scale of Allah. This is the divine order of Allah. Saying that you will not accept the divine order and laws of Allah means insisting on what is wrong and this is a heretic act. This is a great loss for mankind. An eternal loss and frustration. This is a pity. One cannot disaffirm Allah. One cannot abandon Allah and go after others. Do people you follow make mistakes or not? Consider this well. Look at the Vatican of today. Look at Anglican, the Orthodox, and the others. Just take a look at them and say is there a trinity or not. What is their stance against Al-Quran Al-Karim.
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What is their stance against Prophet Muhammad? Just take a look. One should know that he cannot have real belief (iman) by denying Muhammad and Al-Quran Al-Karim. What is more, if a Muslim denies Isa (Jesus) he will have abandoned the religion. Isa (Jesus) cannot be denied. Islamic amantu (creed) encompasses all prophets like Isa (Jesus), Musa (Moses), Harun (Aaron), Ya’qub (Jacop), Yūsuf (Joseph), Ibrahim (Abraham), Lut (Lot), Zakariya (Zachariah), Yahyā (John), Hūd (Hud), Salih, Adam, Idris, Sit (Seth). This is the Islamic amantu (creed). Islam does not deny Bible at all. Islam only says that Allah renewed it with Quran. A new and complete Islam sharīʿah was sent down to Muhammad. Within Islam, Allah renewed the Islamic sharīʿah completely, but does not deny. Everyone knows there has to be renewal. Did Allah not renew the religion with Musa (Moses)? The previous sharīʿah laws were renewed via Musa (Moses) as well. And with Isa (Jesus) the sharīʿah of Musa (Moses) was renewed. And with Muhammad, the entire past was renewed. These are all a single religion. These prophets are all appointed in Islam. Allah is not two but One. There is no such thing like that the Allah of the Christians and the Allah of Islam and Muslims are different. We need to save ourselves from this wrongdoing. Whoever has that we have to save them. You see, these lessons are life-giving lessons. Al-Quran Al-Karim gives life, and we endeavor to convey the message as far as we understand. The essential, and life-giving divine source, the eternal truth, the sun that never sets, the immortal life-style is the life-giving values and verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim. Umar (r.a.) had asked Abdullah ibn Salam. So, who is Abdullah ibn Salam? He is a Jewish scholar, a learned man, and a polymath figure. Umar had asked him: “Do you know Prophet Muhammad (saw) in Torah and Bible?” Let us see how Abdullah ibn Salam answered. He said, “I know Muhammad in Torah better than I know my own son.” I have no doubts regarding Muhammad. As for my children, I do not know, their mother may have betrayed them,” he said to Umar. He is a Jewish scholar, and he immediately became a Muslim. Umar (r.a.) kissed him on the forehead. These are the people who are to be respected. He read Torah and Bible correctly. There are such âlims in history. There are also such âlims today, and there will be tomorrow. But those who are destined to truth and guidance affirm the truth. The truth is always there. One needs a heart and mind that can affirm the truth. Allah’s guidance is needed for this. And Allah best knows whom to guide. Allah is not cruel upon anyone; Allah is free from cruelty. There were obstinate disbelievers (kāfirs) who did this knowingly. Whereas unless the core of belief (iman) reaches out from the heart and spread. This is important. Whereas unless the core of belief (iman) reaches out from the heart and spread it cannot be true belief (iman).
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The belief (iman) in the heart shall prove itself in the outer-world. You have to say you are a Muslim. You have to recite kelima shadada (the word of oath/testimony). “Lā ʾilāha ʾillā -llāh – there is no god but Allah.” “Muḥammadun rasūlu -llāh – Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah,” you shall say. “Amantu billahi wa malaikatihi wa kutubihi wa rusulihi wal-yawmil-akhiri wa bil-qadari khayrihi wa sharrihi minallahi taala wal-ba’thu ba’dal-mawti haqqun ashhadu an la ilaha illallah wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluh,” you shall say. And look into the principles, there is belief (iman) in all Books. There is belief (iman) in the amantu (creed). One believes in all prophets in Islam. There is belief in afterlife, resurrection, all sections of the afterlife, its dimensions, its contents, and its details. There is also believing in Qada and Qadar. So, there is belief (iman) is present in the divine decrees in the verses of the Books. So, at that time when you live what you believe, Islam shall be seen clearly around you. And it should be seen. One cannot hide his belief (iman) unless there is a danger of death. And even in that case it is a permit for a limited time, hiding your belief (iman) is not a virtuous act. The most virtuous act is announcing your belief (iman) anyway. This is why one should disclose his belief (iman) unless there is a danger of death. This is why Jewish and Christian scholars could not become believers (mu’min) even though they knew Muhammad well in Torah and Bible. What is the essence of belief (iman)? That is tasdiq (affirmation). They did not affirm, and they had denied on top of that. The qiblah of those whose religion, nation and ummah is one, is one. You see, Janâb-i Haqq had changed the qiblah to Kaaba. This is important though. The qiblah of those whose religion, nation and ummah is one, is one. The souls and body must merge and belief (iman) of a person should be clearly seen. This union should be able to be clearly proven when seen. And it must be protected. That is, the unity of truth (haqq), reality. The unity of Islam is the unity of truth (haqq). That is, uniting in the command of Allah. Allah is One. So, Ummah-i Muhammad must be united, and become one. Those who segregate this unity are the betrayers. They betray themselves and the humanity. Unity and integrity are guarantees of unity of soul. A duality, out of the unity in Islam is not necessary in the least. However, unity is a religious obligation (fard) before the other religious obligations. The believers (mu’mins) of the world turned to Kaaba Sharif. People from all around the world circle around Kaaba. They came from all directions, they turned towards Kaaba. These circles are made by people from all around the world. Kaaba Sharif is in the center of the circle. Kaaba Sharif became the center of the universe, encompassing the earth and the heavens. This is important. Those one earth circle around Kaaba Sharif, which is right in the middle, the center. Kaaba Sharif became the center of the universe, encompassing the earth and the heavens. Baitullah, Kaaba-i Sharif is the center of the universe. A single order, a single ummah (nation).
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A universal Islamic congregation (jama’ah). This part is important friends. My dearest friend. Dearest audience. And ladies. Ladies and gentlemen! O, the servants of Allah! The only order is the one Allah established. The only ummah (nation) is the ummah (nation) of Muhamad. An Islamic congregation (jama’ah) that encompass the world. Why should it not be like this, all people are servants of Allah. Why should this Ummah-i Muhammad not be united, and not be one in the world. O, Ummah-i Muhammad! Get your mind together! Perform your duty, and be united, be one, so that all humanity, all servants of Allah may be saved. May cruelty cease to be. May divine social justice be manifested. May belief (iman) take root in hearts. May the sun of belief (iman) shine through your heart. That is being helpful to the humanity. Otherwise, relying on taboos or idols of certain people and forcing people on idolatry systems is the cruelty itself. There is no enforcement in Islam. Had Muslims forced people on Islam when they established world domination, you would not find a second religion today. They did not force anyone, and they established the world domination. The world should open their eyes and study history with honest intentions. They should study history correctly, by absolving ulterior motives. Islam established world domination. But Islam never forced any nation. Islam left everyone free in their belief. Those who became Muslim converted willingly, and freely. They became Muslims with pleasure. Some people may have done wrong here and there. The guilt belongs to the individual who has done that wrong. There have never been such an implementation in Islam. There has never been enforcement. And there cannot be. Islam gives complete freedom to everyone. But there is a condition, Islam must be predominant. Islam is the order established by Allah. This is why unless Islam is predominant in this world, people cannot expect peace or justice in the world. You see, on one side people sleep hungry and look for food. And on the other side lords continue to live in their ivory mansions. Those lords who live in their ivory mansions, just take a look at them. They cheated people of their rights; therefore their hearts and souls are not happy. Or it is even fair to say that their inner worlds are filled with terror. It is like all winter storms are blowing inside them. Some of them are sick, the others have lost their minds. Each of them have some kind of stress. Unless there is belief (iman), and unless divine justice is manifested unless people embrace one another, and unless people are filled to brim with divine affection towards one another unless people open their wings of compassion to embrace people, do you think you will be able to feel at ease? Could you live like the predators that pull a baby gazelle to pieces? Could you be like the predators that tear a baby gazelle to pieces in front of its mother. Do you think the mindset that cheat people of their rights can live at ease?
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Do you think those who exploit the rights of the orphans, the poor, and the needy can live comfortably? And there is no mercy for them either. Give people their rights. You should return what you took from people. Pay rightful dues to the humanity, and ask them for a pardon, and receive that pardon. Islam wants prosperity for all people. Islam embraces all people with its mercy. Islam is the manifestation of divine rahmat (blessing). Islam is divine rahmat (blessing). Islam has embraced all people. Both the believers and disbelievers benefit from this rahmat (blessing). Janâb-i Haqq does not tell you to not benefit from the rahmat (blessing) because you did not believe. Janâb-i Haqq says this world is nothing but a trial. Allah shall give the Janna (Paradise) to those who pass the trial. Allah says those who disbelieve may also benefit from the bounties of Allah in the world. On the other hand, some people say there is no such thing as afterlife (ākhira). That occurred in you due to lack of belief (iman). That is a complete denial in you. That is due to your lack of belief (iman). The afterlife (ākhira) is more real than this world. You cannot see your soul but your soul is more real than your body. You cannot see your intellect but it is more real than yourself. But what did you do with that intellect? You used it wrong, and placed it under the command of denial. Had you placed your intellect under the command of wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation), and belief (iman). That intellect would not be in deep sleep but it would seek the truth and be a perfect intellect. You see my brother; our life-giving lessons continue with all we can cover. Each and every Muslim who believe in and comprehended Quran, Islam and these divine values correctly are friendly to you in this world. You may not be friendly towards them. But Islam and true Muslims are friendly to you. You should know this, but you are not friendly to them. Why? This is because you do not accept belief (iman). You do not accept Islam and Allah. You do not accept the belief that Allah manifested with Islam. Allah Ta’ala introduces Allah with Islam. Knowing Islam well is knowing Allah correctly. You need to discover Islam, Quran, all divine books, and all values Al-Quran Al-Karim incorporates in order to know Allah well. You need to know Quran, and discover it well in order to know Allah. It is okey if you do not know these well. But there are those who do. You should abide by those who know. Janâb-i Haqq created the Moon and the stars for the night. And for the day there is the Sun. Those who know this ilm (knowledge) are like a well shed light to this community, therefore you should act with them. There are people who know Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim well. There were people who knew these well in the past, and there are people today too. In other words, there will always be people in the world who know Islam well until the time comes when we are really close to the Last Day. That is why dearest listeners, and dearest audience! One order, one ummah (nation), and a one universal Islamic congregation (jama’ah). “My Allah! Praise be to You! Salaat and salaam to Habib-i Kibriyā, Muhammad Mustafa.” In the previous Books it is written that the Last Prophet shall change the qiblah to Kaaba. In other words, this was written in Torah, Bible, and the previous Books.
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So, it was written that the qiblah shall be Kaaba Sharif. Prophet Muhammad brought the Book and wisdom (hikmat) to humanity. This is important. Prophet Muhammad brought the Book and wisdom (hikmat) to humanity. In other words, the life-giving values came to the universe with Prophet Muhammad. He brought the worldly and otherworldly reports from the unseen (ghaib). This is also important. He brought the worldly and otherworldly news of the unseen (ghaib). He brought the wisdoms (hikmat) and secrets that science could not reach. He brough the wisdom (hikmat) that gave lessons to the philosophers. Let me repeat this part due to its importance. Muhammad brought the secrets and wisdoms (hikmat) of the that science could not reach. What Muhammad brought gave lessons to the philosophers. For Al-Quran Al-Karim narrates. It narrates the and Great Gathering (Mahshar), the ninth heaven (arş), Lawh Mahfuz, Janna (Paradise), Jahannam (Hell), sifāts (attributes) of Almighty Allah, names of Almighty Allah, creation of the heavens and earth, the situation about all creatures, and gives hints that shall help people discover the kevni (cosmological) verses. These Quranic verses give hints and these hints are used in the discovery of cosmological (kevni) verses. We are now talking the reports about the life-giving immortal values. In this section of our life-giving talks, we say that remembering and mentioning Allah is a work of a mature love, and muhabbat. That is, mentioning Allah, and knowing Allah well. This is referred to as dhikr. There are dhikrs that are religious obligations (fard). The ibadats (act of worship) that are religious obligation (fard) are dhikrs. These are a work of muhabbat, and mature affection. The world love is used for muhabbat. But actually, love does not give the full meaning of muhabbat. There is ifrat (extremeness) in love. Using the word love means you love Allah extremely, or rather more than you are able. No one could have loved Allah more than they are able, because they do not have such power. Therefore, using the word muhabbat instead of love would be better. Dearest friends! The hearts that mention Allah constantly find life. The hearts that recite Allah’s words find life. The souls that believe in the life-giving words, verses, and laws of Allah find life. Those who live Islam find love. For it is Allah who created life. Janâb-i Haqq created life, and gave us Islam in order to maintain a perfect life. You see, Allah created life and manifested Allah’s laws and Islam in order to maintain that life in a blissful manner. This is why we say Islam is the life-giving divine order. Islam does not take life, but gives life. Islam does not paint you with bad dye. Allah has already painted you with the dye of divine innate nature (fitrah), and gave you a soul. Allah showed you how your soul may enjoin the sustenance, and how it may find life, via Al-Quran Al-Karim. So, recite Quran and find life. Understand Quran and find life. Live it and find life. There is a pioneer and leader of Islam. There is a grand figure who lived this beautiful life-style. That is Prophet Muhammad (saw). And his companions (sahabah).
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And after them, there are the blissful people who understand and live this life-style well. For the hearts can only be contended once they know Almighty Allah well. The hearts that give thanks to Allah properly, and those who do their ibadat (act of worship) properly shall be contended. The hearts who are filled with Quran, who receive plentiful nourishment via worship shall be assured and be mutmain. There are dhikr of the heart and the tongue when remembering Janâb-i Haqq. Dhikr (remembrance) is done with heart, tongue, and body. What is the dhikr (remembrance) of the heart? What is the dhikr (remembrance) of the tongue? What is the dhikr (remembrance) of the body? Let us talk about the dhikr (remembrance) of the tongue. That is remembering Allah by mentioning the names of Allah and reciting the Book. To be thankful (hamd). But all of these are done by fulfilling the commands, religious obligations (fard), other obligations (wajib), and sunnah (customs). Tasbīh (glorification), tanzih (declaring incomparability of Allah), to recite the Book, and to pray. All of the aforementioned acts are dhikr (remembrance). The dhikr (remembrance) is to remember from the heart, and to have a real belief (iman). That is, constantly remembering Almighty Allah with your heart and belief (iman). To keep Allah in mind, and to contemplate on the evidence. So, the dhikr (remembrance) of the heart is to contemplate on the evidence, what does this mean? That is to think deeply on the meanings of the verses in Al-Quran Al-Karim, and the meanings of the customs (sunnah). To contemplate on the names and sifāts (attributes) of Allah. To think deeply and well on the names and sifāts (attributes) of Allah. To contemplate on them and to be a thinker (mutafakkir). In other words, to be a philosopher in this matter. Because, contemplation is a commandment in Islam for all Muslims. Every muslim is a philosopher (mutafakkir). That is, those who understand it, and contemplate on it correctly. To procure correct knowledge is a must. The heart cannot achieve dhikr (remembrance) with false knowledge and false contemplation. This is why true knowledge is crucial. It is necessary to study Islam and Quran by the way of Ahlus Sunnah (People of Sunnah), and act with those who know well. This is why, my dearest friends Prophet Musa (Moses) asked to Allah about how he can be thankful. The answer was, “Remember, and do not forget Me. You are grateful when you remember, and ungrateful when you forget,” according to a narration given by Ibn Kathīr. That is, to think about the divine decrees, the decrees regarding servitude, commands and prohibitions, the promises of reward and punishment, and to contemplate on the proofs of these concepts. To contemplate from an atom (zerre) to the whole. To watch and think about the secrets behind the creation of physical and abstract creatures. The divine lights of beauty and grandeur are reflected upon those who see that each atom (zerre) is a mirror. These are one by one dhikr (remembrance) of the heart. As you see, Islam orders being a thinker and a philosopher. Contemplation is the dhikr (remembrance) of the heart. That is, to be a thinker. So, the people who achieve a good dhikr (remembrance) be discoverers. It is just a matter of time for the people who understand Al-Quran Al-Karim well by means of contemplation to become discoverers in the future.
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That is with the aid of Allah. A moment of glimmer is worth the worlds. You shall forget about yourself and the world, and be connected to Haqq. That is, to contemplate from a name to musemma (having the traits of the name). To contemplate from a work to its author. To find what is closer via what is close. This way you shall attain the rank of ayn-ul-yaqeen (the vision of certainty), and haqq-ul-yaqeen (certainty gained through experience). And you shall attain the manifestation of truth (haqq) and beauty (jamal). Then, you will only feel what you remember. You see, it is Allah Ta’ala whom you remember. Therefore, you will only feel Allah. Monotheism (tawhid) shall be placed in your heart. There are lots of people who speak about this grand maqam. But those who reach it have no correlation whatsoever with speech. This is because they reached Haqq with the dhikr (remembrance) of their hearts. This is quite important. There are lots of people who speak about this maqam. Those who reach it have no correlation whatsoever with speech. You shall reach from thought to deeper thought, from muhabbat to deeper muhabbat, and from love to deeper love. From then on, they only think the One who is remembered. That is, Allah. They have the honor of achieving everything as well. They achieve all they hoped. They become recipients of eternal blessings (rahmat) when they attain this status. So, let us see what our beloved Prophet says? “Li meâllahi vaktün la yeseuni fihi melekün mukarrabün vela nebiyyün mürselün.” “I have a time with Allah in which no murakkab, no angel, nor a sent Prophet may get close to me.” You see, Al-Quran Al-Karim, the dhikr (remembrance) of the heart, the dhikr of the tongue, and body makes us attain the consent and peace of Allah, by the compassion of Almighty Allah. And Allah places us in Allah’s protection. From then on you are the one who loves, and who is loved. That is, when you perform your duty as a servant with pleasure. You become the servant who is loved by Allah. You are the ones who loves, and who is loved. That is the goal. Dearest friends! Let us talk about dhikr (remembrance) with body. All organs of the body must fulfill their duties to Allah properly. The body must stay away from haram (sinful acts) and sins, and fulfill the worships. So, these are the dhikrs of the body. Shukr (gratitude) is a duty of respect for the bounty (nimet) you attain and feel. One has to employ all of the bounties (nimet) he achieved in a way that suits the reason he was created. Dhikr (remembrance) is the start, and shukr (thankfulness) is the end result. Janâb-i Haqq says, “Remember (dhikr) Me with submission, and I shall remember (dhikr) you with My blessing (rahmat).” “Remember (dhikr) me with submission, and I shall remember (dhikr) you with my blessing (rahmat).” “Remember Me with prayer, acknowledgement, and I shall remember (dhikr) you with excellence (ikhsan).” [40:60] “dʿūnī ʾastajib lakum – Pray to Me and I will respond you.” This is the 60th verse of Surah al-Ghafir. Allah tells Muslims to remember (dhikr) with praise and submission, and says that Allah will remember them with accolade and blessings. Remember (dhikr) Me in the world, and I will remember (dhikr) you in the afterlife. Remember (dhikr) Me in hidden places, and I will remember (dhikr) you in open fields. Remember (dhikr) Me in your prosperity and comfort, and I will remember (dhikr) you in your time of trouble.
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Allah tells you that if you remember (dhikr) with worship, Allah will remember you and aid you. “If you remember (dhikr) Me with jihad (struggle), I will remember you and give you guidance.” So, Allah tells you to do jihad (struggle), and then you will find guidance from Allah. “Remember (dhikr) Me with sincerity and righteousness and I will remember you and enhance in tahsis and salvation. So, what does tahsis mean? That is, when Allah enhances his favor and generosity. Acknowledge me as Divinity, and I will remember you, and reward you with rahmat (blessing), and accept you as a servant. The beginning of servitude is remembrance (dhikr), and its end is gratefulness. Remembrance (dhikr) encompasses the entire concept of servitude. You see, shukr (gratefulness) is receiving the reward in the end. A person who remembers Allah Ta’ala and fulfills his duty as a servant at the same time would have performed dhikr. Allah is Ash Shakur (The Appreciative). Therefore Allah will give the reward right away. This is why, dearest friends! It is our duty to be grateful servants who perform dhikr. Let us see the 10th verse of Surah Yūnus. [10:10] “wa-ʾākhiru daʿwāhum ʾani l-ḥamdu li-llāhi rabbi l-ʿālamīn” Janâb-i Haqq says that the end of their prayer is: “Alhamdulillahi rabbil Alamin – Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe,”. Allah tells us to do be thank Allah with m’arifat, and knowledge. Allah says that Allah will remember (dhikr) you, and bestow upon you Allah’s bounty (nimet). Giving thanks with m’arifat, and knowledge is necessary. You see, dearest friends, m’arifat, and knowledge this part is important. Shukr (gratitude) with these is necessary. And m’arifat is knowing Allah well. True knowledge is haqq knowledge. It is necessary to know Quran well. There are people who interpret this wrong. There are also people who go out of the sunnah (customs). We have to pay attention to these. Our Prophet learned the explanation of the Quran directly from Almighty Allah. And the companions (ashab) protected this explanation, and this is the way of rivayat (conveying of the message). The way of dirayat (comprehension of hadiths) is found by preserving the riwayat (mere narrations of hadiths). Arbitrary commentaries will occur if riwayat (mere narrations of hadiths) is disregarded in dirayat (comprehension of hadiths). That is why shukr (gratefulness) with knowledge and m’arifat must be in harmony with the bounty (nimet). Only then, an accord between you and the favor (nimet) will occur. For you would know the owner of the favor (nimet). There are two favors (nimet) in each breath you take. In each breath you take you are given life, and you are saved from death. So, a breath gives you life, and you are saved from death while you start taking the second breath. You will die if you cannot take the second breath. Each breath you take gives you life and saves you from death. So, thanking twice is an obligation (wajib) for one breath. You should contemplate on this, and never forget that thanking at least twice is necessary for each breath. “Mâ arafnâke hakka marifetike. Mâ abednâke hakka ibadetike.” Let us see what our Prophet said: “We could not know You to the measure You should be truly known. ” “We could not do servitude to You to the measure You truly deserve.”
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You should know you are powerless, and submit yourself to Allah. The result is knowing your powerlessness. Because a powerless person cannot do servitude to al-Qādir (All-Capable, All Powerful) to the proper extend. We are imperfect, we have flaws. You should know this. Know that your power is limited, and you are powerless. Confess your inability, and surrender. Confessing your inability means a complete submission to Allah. You have surrender to Allah with every fibre of your being, with a universal submission (teslim-i kullī). The following is the eftal (most virtuous) remembrance (dhikr): “Lā ʾilāha ʾillallāh, Muḥammad rasūlu llāh.” And this is the eftal (most virtuous) prayer: “Alhamdulillah, ā ʾilāha ʾillallāh,” you should recite this often. “Alhamdulillah,” keep reciting this. Employ all your effort in this way. Pray for aid, use your entire arsenal of means and abilities. In other words, you are given means and power given by Allah. So, use them for Allah, and in the way of Allah. You should pray for aid with utmost remembrance (dhikr). Use your ability to the limit. And then you will be given aid. The powerless ones subject to al-Qādir (All-Capable, All Powerful) with their utter servitude. And the powerless is in need of al-Qādir (All-Capable, All Powerful) forever. O, Muslim! This way you may achieve perpetuity in this endless qudrat (power) and rahmat (blessing). You were created out of a powerless drop of water. However, Allah wants to bestow endless bounties upon you. That is why Allah manifested into all words with the blessing of Islam. Allah makes you reach perpetuity in endless power and blessing of Allah. Allah tells you to benefit from Allah’s eternal bounties (nimet). Allah tells you to be happy. You are mortal but Allah says Allah will make you live forever. And you have to give an answer to your Almighty Rabb (Lord) by saying “ʾiyyāka naʿbudu – We worship You Alone,”. We have already given a promise to Allah by saying: “ʾiyyāka naʿbudu – We worship You Alone,”. We gave a promise to Allah by saying we will only worship to Allah. Muslims who recite al-Fatihah in namāz (prayer) five times a day recite this word forty times a day. On the other hand, the servants who recite this word but act rebellious to Allah with their life-style, and who deny, are not doing their duties as a servant.
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– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 29
In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful. Dearest, and most venerable listeners, and audience. [2:146] “alladhīna ʾātaynāhumu l-kitāba yaʿrifūnahū ka-mā yaʿrifūna ʾabnāʾahum wa-ʾinna farīqan minhum la-yaktumūna l-ḥaqqa wa-hum yaʿlamūn” Sadaqa Allah al-‚Azem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth). As you know well from the previous episodes. We have given the original text and meanings of the verses that we have discovered together. So, let us present you the text and the core meaning of the verses that we will discover in this lesson. [2:146] “The âlims (scholars) of the nations to whom We have given the Book recognize him, that Prophet (Muhammad) as they recognize their own sons. – They knew him in Bible and Torah. – While a group among them conceal the truth knowingly.” You see, to conceal that truth… This is inflicting all forms of the greatest evil upon the humanity. This is dividing and the unity in the world, and pulling it apart. This is separatism. This is segregation. This is wrong. Even the crusades are included in this hiding of the truth. Zionism is also in on this, and Imperialism too. Corruption, dissent and killings are also in on this. Disbelief (kufr), corruption (nifaq) are also in on this. But why? Because deviation (dalalat), polytheism (shirk), and corruption (nifaq) occurs when the truth is concealed. Hostility takes the place of peace. Janâb-i Haqq says: “la-yaktumūna l-ḥaqqa wa-hum yaʿlamūn” They conceal the truth while they know. [2:147] “al-ḥaqqu min rabbika fa-lā takūnanna mina l-mumtarīn” [2:148] “wa-li-kullin wijhatun huwa muwallīhā fa-stabiqū l-khayrāti ʾayna mā takūnū yaʾti bikumu llāhu jamīʿan ʾinna llāha ʿalā kulli shayʾin qadīr” [2:147] “That haqq (truth) is from your Rabb (Lord). Never be among the doubters no longer.” What is it? Al-Quran Al-Karim, and entirety of Islam was manifested by your Rabb (Lord). Prophet Muhammad is the Prophet who was appointed for this duty. [2:148] “Each ummat (nation) have their own direction, which they face toward. So hasten, run towards the good, and race one another in goodness. And wherever you are, Allah will gather you all, and bring you together. Indeed, Allah is All-Powerful over all things.” In the Great Gathering (Mahshar), Allah shall gather us all, and bring us to the account. [2:149] “wa-min ḥaythu kharajta fa-walli wajhaka shaṭra l-masjidi l-ḥarāmi wa-ʾinnahū la-l-ḥaqqu min rabbika wa-mā llāhu bi-ghāfilin ʿammā taʿmalūn” [2:150] “wa-min ḥaythu kharajta fa-walli wajhaka shaṭra l-masjidi l-ḥarāmi wa-ḥaythu mā kuntum fa-wallū wujūhakum shaṭrahū li-ʾallā yakūna li-n-nāsi ʿalaykum ḥujjatun ʾillā lladhīna ẓalamū minhum fa-lā takhshawhum wa-khshawnī wa-li-ʾutimma niʿmatī ʿalaykum wa-laʿallakum tahtadūn” [2:151] “ka-mā ʾarsalnā fīkum rasūlan minkum yatlū ʿalaykum ʾāyātinā wa-yuzakkīkum wa-yuʿallimukumu l-kitāba wa-l-ḥikmata wa-yuʿallimukum mā lam takūnū taʿlamūn” [2:152] “fa-dhkurūnī ʾadhkurkum… [2:152] “fa-dhkurūnī ʾadhkurkum wa-shkurū lī wa-lā takfurūn” Sadaqa Allah al-‚Azem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth). [2:149] “And whenever you start (namāz – prayer), immediately turn your face towards Al-Masjid-ul-Harām.”
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In other words, Janâb-i Haqq says Kaaba Sharif is our new qiblah. [2:149] “This command is no doubt true, and it is indeed from your Rabb (Lord). Allah is not unaware of what you do.” [2:150] “And whenever you start (namāz – prayer), immediately turn your face towards Al-Masjid-ul-Harām. And wheresoever you are, turn your face towards it so that there will not be any proof against you for people. Except the unjust among them. Do not fear them, but fear Me.” Dearest friends! In Islam, love and fear is one. That is love of Allah, and fear of Allah. We never do wrong/evil to people. For we fear Allah. We love the creatures that are to be loved. For we love Allah. 2:150] “By that I may complete my favor (nimet) upon you and that you may find the right path.” 2:151] “For that We have sent you a Prophet among you.” That is, Prophet Muhammad. [2:151] “He recites you Our verses. Purifies you, and teaches you the Book, and wisdom. He teaches you things that you do not know.” [2:152] “Then remember Me, and I will remember you. Show gratitude to Me, but do not be ungrateful.” Dearest friends! You see, we have tried to give you the text and meanings of some Quranic verses and certain discovery notes about them. And this endeavor of ours, and our lesson continues. Astaizu Billah [2:153] “yā-ʾayyuhā lladhīna ʾāmanū staʿīnū bi-ṣ-ṣabri wa-ṣ-ṣalāti ʾinna llāha maʿa ṣ-ṣābirīn” [2:154] “wa-lā taqūlū li-man yuqtalu fī sabīli llāhi ʾamwātun bal ʾaḥyāʾun wa-lākin lā tashʿurūn” [2:155] “wa-la-nabluwannakum bi-shayʾin mina l-khawfi wa-l-jūʿi wa-naqṣin mina l-ʾamwāli wa-l-ʾanfusi wa-th-thamarāti wa-bashshiri ṣ-ṣābirīn” [2:156] “alladhīna ʾidhā ʾaṣābathum muṣībatun qālū ʾinnā li-llāhi wa-ʾinnā ʾilayhi rājiʿūn” [2:157] “ʾulāʾika ʿalayhim ṣalawātun min rabbihim wa-raḥmatun wa-ʾulāʾika humu l-muhtadūn” Sadaqa Allah al-‚Azem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth). [2:153] “O, believers! Seek help with sabr (persistence) and namāz.” That is, from Allah. [2:153] “Indeed Allah is with those who show sabr (persistence). Sabr (persistence) is the name of enduring all types of hardships in Allah’s way.” [2:154] “Never say, ‘They are dead,’ for those who are killed in the way of Allah. No, they are alive, but you cannot perceive.” You cannot notice them, they are alive, and they are the martyrs. The ones who are killed in the way of Allah. [2:155] “Inevitably, we shall test you with some fear and some hunger, and some loss in wealth and lives, and products. Give glad tiding to those who show sabr (persistence).” [2:156] “And when a disaster visits them, they say, ‘We belong to Allah, and we will return to Allah in the end,’.” [2:157] “Such are the ones for whom blessings and mercy from their Rabb (Lord) are upon. And it is them who attain guidance.” May Janâb-i Mevlâ have us eternally attain the endless and boundless blessings with guidance. May Allah never let us abandon the word of belief (iman), and perfection of belief (iman) for a single moment. Astaizu Billah [2:158] “ʾinna ṣ-ṣafā wa-l-marwata min shaʿāʾiri llāhi fa-man hajja l-bayta ʾawi ʿtamara fa-lā junāḥa ʿalayhi ʾan yaṭṭawwafa bihimā wa-man taṭawwaʿa khayran fa-ʾinna llāha shākirun ʿalīm” [2:158] “Indeed al-Safa and al-Marwah are signs of Allah.
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Therefore whoever visits Kaaba with an intention of Hajj and Umrah there is no sin in it for them if they perform tawaf around these. And whoever do something good on their own accord shall indeed be rewarded by Allah for that good. And Allah is All-Knowing.” You see, this was one of the verses of our Rabb (Lord) in the matter of pilgrimage. Astaizu Billah [2:159] “ʾinna lladhīna yaktumūna mā ʾanzalnā mina l-bayyināti wa-l-hudā min baʿdi mā bayyannāhu li-n-nāsi fī l-kitābi ʾulāʾika yalʿanuhumu llāhu wa-yalʿanuhumu l-lāʿinūn” [2:160] “ʾillā lladhīna tābū wa-ʾaṣlaḥū wa-bayyanū fa-ʾulāʾika ʾatūbu ʿalayhim wa-ʾana t-tawwābu r-raḥīm” [2:161] “ʾinna lladhīna kafarū wa-mātū wa-hum kuffārun ʾulāʾika ʿalayhim laʿnatu llāhi wa-l-malāʾikati wa-n-nāsi ʾajmaʿīn” [2:162] “khālidīna fīhā lā yukhaffafu ʿanhumu l-ʿadhābu wa-lā hum yunẓarūn” [2:159] “There are those who conceal the explicit proofs, and the verses that are the guidance itself, after We explained them in the Book for people. Indeed Allah curses them.” O, Muslims! This verse in quite important, so pay attention. O, the ones who conceal the verses in Bible. Those who conceal the verses in Torah. Those who do not explain the verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim to the people in a correct manner. You see, “in the end Allah shall curse them,” says Allah. [2:159] “Those who may curse them also curse them.” All cursers curse them. The cursed are the ones who conceal the verses in the Book of Allah, and do not convey them correctly. And conveying them correctly is what we strive for. The world would have been different had the verses in Bible were not concealed. There would not have been a second religion in the world had they not conceal the verses in Torah. Allah is One. Islam is one. The religion of the entire mankind would have been Islam. The entire world would have been servants of Allah. We would have been like a family, united, as children of Adam. Who divided people? Who helped Iblis? Who aided tyrants, cruel people, and shaitans? Could there be evil in the world if tyrants, and shaitans could not find fanatics. Dearest friends! Al-Quran Al-Karim continues telling you the life-giving truths. This is what Janâb-i Haqq announce the door of salvation for them. [2:160] “Except those who repent, correct themselves, and tell the truth.” The ones mentioned here have done wrong before. They concealed the truth, but they did repent. So, what is the requirement of this repentance? They have to explain the truth they have been concealing. He has to reveal the verses he concealed completely, and explain them one by one. The requirement of that repentance here is this. This is how the door of salvation was opened. This is a door of repentance. But do not forget about the requirement of that door of repentance. In other to be saved from this curse, you must reveal all of the verses that you kept concealed. This includes all verses you concealed in Quran, Bible, Torah. Also includes the truths you did not tell about Prophet Muhammad (asw). Including all reports, verses, and whatever you concealed in Torah and Bible so that people may not become Muslims. Today, there are people who do not explain Al-Quran Al-Karim correctly, fearing that the sultanate, maqam, or rank of this or that person may be harmed. They do this by for they fear some people, or they do it for pleasure. There are also people who narrate it wrongly for pleasure. That is not how it goes. You must repent, and ask for forgiveness for all of these. And they must reveal and explain all that they did not explain correctly.
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This is one of the requirements of repentance. [2:160] “Except those who repent, correct themselves, and tell the truth. For I shall forgive them. I am the Most Merciful. I accept many of the repentances,” says Janâb-i Haqq. 2:160] “As for those who denied our verses, and died as disbelievers the curse of Allah, the angels, and people be upon them altogether,” says Janâb-i Haqq. Allah says may curse be upon them. They died as disbelievers (kāfirs), and they denied the verses. O, my brother! You cannot even deny a single verse from Al-Quran Al-Karim. You cannot even deny a single word of it. Be careful, or else you may ruin yourself. Allah will not be affected, but you shall come to grief. Allah Ta’ala is the owner of abundant and endless blessing (rahmat). But Allah is also owner of severe punishment, do not forget this. Janna (Paradise) is a manifestation of the blessing (rahmat) of Allah, but Jahannam (Hell) is the manifestation of Allah’s justice. Do you think you can die as a disbeliever (kafir) and go to Janna (Paradise). Please, do not deny. Acknowledge all verses of Allah that were brought by Prophet Muhammad. Acknowledge Islam as a whole, affirm it and announce it, and live it. Whosoever you may be, you are a servant of Allah. We are all servants of Allah altogether. We have to show pity, and have mercy for one another. I do not deem you suitable for anything I find unsuitable for myself. I cannot wish Janna (Paradise) for me, but Jahannam (Hell) for everyone else. There is no such understanding in Islam anyway. Let us be happy altogether. Let us benefit from these life-giving lessons, and find life together. Let us do good for all people. This is the point. [2:162] “They shall abide under it forever. Neither their punishment be reduced, nor they will they will be given any respite.” Here, you see the wrath of Allah Ta’ala here. You see that Allah does not feel pity for them, and will never have mercy for them. Can one deny Allah? Can one deny the Book, and the verses of Allah? If you do not deny, but believe, then do what is necessary. Then obey Allah, and do not revolt. Renounce haram (sinful) acts, and sins. Do not become rebellious towards Allah to please certain people. Do the work that will please Allah. This is the servitude. You are not a servant of this or that people that you do the work that will please them. So, tell me. Can one act according to a this or that person’s sweet will, and be his servant, while drawing Allah’s punishment upon himself in the process. Is this not a pity? Let us say you changed yourself to please someone, and put yourself under his command. And let us say that you have done a work that Allah will not like. So, what about the consent, command, edict, and laws of Allah? Do you disregard Allah? Don’t you know that what you did was prohibited? Don’t you know that what you did is obnoxious, and contrary to your innate nature (fitrah)? So, do not distort your innate nature (fitrah). Allah has created you beautifully. So, upgrade your beauty with Islam. And do the works that will please Allah. These works are defined. Islamic sharīʿah have designate these measures. That is the commands and prohibitions of Allah, and the works that Allah likes. These measures are designated one by one within the Islamic sharīʿah. The implementations of Prophet Muhammad were used as basis.
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Al-Quran Al-Karim and the sunnah (customs) are measures. So, our fiqh âlims have protected this measure in the best possible way. Then, they brought forth juristicial (fiqh-i) decrees. This is so that the way of Ahlus Sunnah may stay intact. Not a single word of Al-Quran Al-Karim was altered. Sunnat-i saniyya, hadith-i sharifs were placed under protection. The religious understanding that our mujtahids bring forth was put under record. The fiqh (jurisprudence) books were also put under record. They were all protected to this day. We have an intact establishment, and the proofs related to it. All of our sources are intact. Now, there are people who make false interpretations, so do not follow them. There are the true people of knowledge and truth, who come from the way of Ahlus Sunnah, act with them. Act with them, and continue on your contemplation towards ahead of the age. Don’t you ever abandon the Prophet, his companions, our mujtahid âlims, and their ecole (school). So, what is the ecole (school) of mujtahids? That is the ecole of mujtahids that consist of Al-Imam Al-Azam, Imam al-Maliki, Imam al-Shafi’i, and Imam al-Hanbali. These grand figures are the greatest âlims of the world. They learned from that source, and developed themselves. There are also other âlims who are close to their rank. But do not abandon the four âlims for the least. [2:163] “wa-ʾilāhukum ʾilāhun wāḥidun lā ʾilāha ʾillā huwa r-raḥmānu r-raḥīm” [2:163] “Indeed, your Allah is a One Allah.” Now, this verse is quite important. The Allah of all of us is only Allah Ta’ala. There is no other divinity. [2:163] “There is no divinity other than Allah. Allah is Rahman (Most Gracious) and Rahim (Most Merciful),” says Janâb-i Haqq. This is the 163rd verse of Surah al-Baqarah. We continue to give you discovery notes of the verses in order. We shall continue on our life-giving lessons. May Allah help you become one of the servants who has found life.
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– The End –