Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 295-296
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 295
On the 70th to 129th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Hodja recites the 70th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“They said, ‘Have you come to us so that we would worship only Allah, and leave what our fathers have worshipped?’.” See, that is what an idolater people said to Prophet Hūd. They also said, “Now, bring upon us that (punishment) with which you threaten us if you are among the truthful.” See, they wish to be destroyed. They were worshiping idols, and they were standing against Prophet Hūd.
Hodja recites the 71st verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Hūd (a.s.) said the following. “He said, ‘A punishment and wrath from your Rabb have fallen upon you. Do you dispute with me about mere names that you and your fathers have concocted, for which Allah has not sent down any proof?’ Then wait, surely, I am one of those waiting, with you.” See, Prophet Hūd have informed them that the punishment of Allah has fallen upon People of Hūd, and People of ʿĀd, and told them to wait.
Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said, and how Janâb-i Haqq toppled down this lot!
Hodja recites the 72nd verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“So, We saved him and those with him by Our mercy (rahmat).”
You see, Janâb-i Haqq has always saved both the prophets and the believers (mu’minun) who believed in them. See, Allah saved Nūh and those who believed him in Nūh’s Ark. Also, in this verse Allah saved Hūd, along with those who believed him. Janâb-i Haqq also says: We utterly cut off the last remnant of those who belied Our signs (ayat), and would not believe. See, the verse says, “مِّنَّا وَقَطَعْنَا دَابِرَ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُواْ بِآيَاتِنَا”. Janâb-i Haqq says the last remnant of those vile disbelievers (kāfirs) who belied the signs (ayat). Thus, the People of ʿĀd were destroyed. See, People of Nūh were also destroyed, and being the faithless they were, they found the jahannam (hell). The same thing happened to the People of ʿĀd. See, they did not accept Allah, or the Messenger o Allah, or the signs (ayat) of Allah that came to them via that Messenger. Al-Quran Al-Karim is narrating People of Nūh to you, and People of Hūd, and many other peoples and the past, informing you from the past (azal) and future (abad). See, the 61st verse of Surah al-Hūd says, “وَإِلَى ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحًا”. You see, Janâb-i Haqq sent down Prophet Sālih to People of Thamūd.
Hodja recites the 73rd verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “And to People of Thamūd, We sent their brother, Sālih.” Let us see what Sālih (a.s.) said to his people. “He said, ‘O my people, worship Allah! You have no god other than Allah. There has come to you a manifest sign from your Rabb. This is the camel of Allah, a sign for you. So, leave her to eat on the earth of Allah and do not touch her with mischief, otherwise a painful punishment will seize you.”
See, they wanted a miracle, and Janâb-i Haqq created that camel as the miracle that they wished.
Time Stamp: 5:45
Hodja recites the 74th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“And call to mind when Allah made you successors after People of ‘Ād.” You see, People of Thamūd are being addressed here, who were the People of Sālih. “Then, Allah settled you in the land whereby you make castles in its plains and hew out the mountains to build houses. So be mindful of the bounties of Allah, and do not go about the earth spreading disorder.” That is what Janâb-i Haqq said.
That is how Janâb-i Haqq sent Sālih to them.
Hodja recites the 75th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Let us see what is said: “The haughty chiefs of his people said to the believers among them who looked weak.” “You,” they said. “Do you know for certain that Sālih was sent by his Rabb?” “They said, ‘Yes, indeed we believe in what he has been sent with.’.” That is what believers said to the haughty chiefs.
Hodja recites the 76th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“The haughty people said, “As for us, we disbelieve in what you believe.” They did not believe in Sālih, nor the Prophethood of Sālih, nor the signs (ayat) of Allah that came with him. That is what they said to the believers.
Hodja recites the 77th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“Then they slaughtered the she camel.”
You see, they wanted a miracle and then they slaughtered that camel.
“They transgressed the commandment of their Rabb, and said, ‘O Sālih! If you are truly one of the messengers, then bring us what (the punishment) that you threaten us with.’.” See, they got spoiled, and they were destroyed, and they were about to be destroyed. This is how a lot starts objecting to the realities when they are about to be destroyed.
Hodja recites the 78th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“Thereupon the tremor overtook them, and they fell on their knees in their homes.”
Says, “فِي دَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ”. They were destroyed. Allah destroyed them with a tremor. You see, this is the third lot destroyed, sequentially peoples of Nūh, Hūd, and Thamūd were destroyed. They were peoples of Nūh, Hūd, and Sālih. We see that peoples of all three prophets were destroyed.
Time Stamp: 10:10
Hodja recites the 79th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“And Sālih turned away from them, and said, ‘O my people! I have indeed conveyed (tabligh) to you the message of my Rabb,” – did his duty of prophethood, – “and advised you, but you do not like advisors.” He said that is why they were destroyed.
This has been the end of the nations who do not listen to Allah, or the Messenger, or the signs (ayat) that Allah has sent, or the Book. Al-Quran Al-Karim continues to announce the truths to the world until the Hour.
Hodja recites the 80th, 81st, and 82nd verses of Surah al-A’raf .
See, Janâb-i Haqq sent Lūt (a.s.) as a Prophet to his people. This tribe is called People of Lūt, or Lūtians. So, what is being narrated to us in regards to this tribe? What is being announced?
“When we sent Lūt (as a messenger), he said to his people, “Do you commit an immorality (fuhsiya) that that none of the worlds have done before?”
See, as you know this tribe was People of Lūt, and they would live homosexual lives.
“You come to men lustfully instead of women. No, you are a people who cross the limits.”
As you see Prophet Lūt was admonishing them. Let us see what his people said to Lūt (a.s.): “Expel them (Lūt and his supporters) from your town.” That is, they wanted to expel Lūt from that town along with those who were close to Lūt and those who thought like him because they claimed, “They are a people who are chaste way too much.” “They did not say anything other than that.” This means that Lūt and those who were with him were chaste and clean people. They said, “What are these chaste people doing among us, expel these chaste people!” As you see, immoral people do not like chaste people, dishonourable people do not like honourable people. That is why People of Lūt blamed Prophet Lūt with chastity, and they also blamed those who were with him with chastity. They blamed him because he was chaste.
So, what happened after? See, Janâb-i Haqq responds to them.
Hodja recites the 83rd and 84th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
That is what Janâb-i Haqq said.
“So, We saved him and his family.” That is Janâb-i Haqq said Prophet Lūt and his family were saved, but adds, “except for his wife.” Janâb-i Haqq did not save Prophet Lūt’s wife because, “she was of those who remained.”
She was also against Prophet Lūt, even though she was the wife of the Prophet. She was still against Prophet Lūt.
“And We rained down upon them a rain (of punishment).”
See what happened to the sinners in the end! By night, a shower of stones rained down upon People of Lūt. Prophet Lūt took his family and relatives except his wife, and left the town early. Then, Allah rained down stones therein, tore the place apart, turned everything upside down and downside up. His wife was destroyed as well. That is how that lot was destroyed.
Time Stamp: 15:45
They were just another tribe, as you see, Janâb-i Haqq destroyed this tribe after People of Sālih. Janâb-i Haqq destroyed four tribes one after another, and so many others have also been destroyed. This was how they were destroyed. Look, another one of the tribes who were destroyed was the tribe of Shuʿayb (a.s.).
Hodja recites a part of the 84th verse of Surah al-Hūd .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “And to Midian, we sent Shuʿayb as a Prophet.”
Hodja recites the 85th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq says the following here: “And to Midian, we sent Shuʿayb, their brother.” Shuʿayb (a.s.) said, “O my people, worship Allah. You have no god other than Him. There has come to you a clear sign from your Rabb. Give the measure and weight in full, and do not make people short of their things, and do not make mischief on the earth after it has been set in order. That is good for you, if you are believers.” That is what Shuʿayb (a.s.) said, he admonished them in the best possible manner. He invited them to the unity of Allah, and servitude (qulship) to Allah.
See what he said.
Hodja recites the 86th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
And do not lie in wait on every road to threaten and bar from the way of Allah those who have faith in Allah, seeking to make it crooked. Remember the time when you were few, then Allah increased you in number. See the fate of those who used to make mischief.”
Hodja recites the 87th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“If a group from among you has believed in what I have been sent with, and another group has not believed, then keep patience until Allah decides between us. Allah is the best of all judges.”
The admonitions of Shuʿayb (a.s.) are being narrated here. Let us see how they responded to Shuʿayb (a.s.).
Hodja recites the 88th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
See what they said. “The chiefs of his people, who were arrogant, said, ‘O Shuʿayb!’.” Alaihissalam. “We will expel you and those who believe with you from our town, or you shall have to turn to our faith.” “And he said, “Even if we do not want it?” That is, will you expel us from our town and make us turn from our faith even if we don’t want it? That is how Shuʿayb (a.s.) responded to those kāfir chiefs.
Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said.
Time Stamp: 20:41
Hodja recites the 89th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Friends, Shuʿayb (a.s.) said, “We will be forging a lie against Allah, if we were to turn to your faith after Allah has saved us from being disbelievers (kāfirs). It is not for us that we turn to it unless Allah, our Rabb, so wills. Our Rabb has encompassed everything with knowledge (ilm). We only rely on Allah. O our Rabb! Judge rightly between us and our people because you are the best of those who judge.”
That is how Shuʿayb (a.s.) supplicated (dua) to Janâb-i Haqq. That lot can no longer be saved when a Prophet says that, because they got more and more spoilt.
Hodja recites the 90th, 91st, and 92nd verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “The eminent kāfirs among his people said, ‘If you follow Shuʿayb…’” which meant if you accept his prophethood, and added, “Then you will surely suffer a loss.”
“So, that overwhelming tremor seized them, and they were left in their homes fallen on their knees.”
They were all destroyed.
Those who belied Shuʿayb became as though they never had good times in their homes. Those who belied Shuʿayb became the ones who incur a loss. They were the losers.
Prophets and those who believe have never lost, and they will never lose because they are at the command of Allah, and they are on the side of Allah.
Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
Hodja recites the 93rd verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“So, Shuʿayb (a.s.) turned away from them and said, ‘O my people! I have certainly announced the truths my Rabb has sent, and I have given you advice. Then how can I grieve over a disbelieving (kāfir) lot?” he said. See, after the destruction of his people, Shuʿayb (a.s.) said, “How can I grieve over a people to whom Allah has shown no mercy?” He said, “You did not believe, but I tried to tell you all the truth and only the realities. How can I grieve for you?” He mentioned the reason he did not grieve over that disbelieving (kāfir) people. He said, “How can I grieve over a disbelieving (kāfir) people?” He said, “How can I mourn? How can I grieve?”
Time Stamp: 25:14
Hodja recites the 94th and 95th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq commands in these verses of the Quran.
“No matter which country we have sent a Prophet; We have surely seized its people with poverty and hardship so that they may entreat.”
“Then we substituted evil with goodness and abundance. In the end they increased, and said, ‘Our fathers were also touched with a hardship and prosperity.’ Then, We seized them suddenly while they were not aware.” That is, they did not come to their senses during that hardship and poverty, and they got spoilt and went astray during that prosperity. Therefore, Janâb-i Haqq said, “We seized them suddenly while they were not aware, and We destroyed them.”
Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
Hodja recites the 96th, 97th, and 98th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “Had the people of those countries believed and feared (the punishment of) Allah, then surely We would have opened up to them blessings from the heavens and the earth; but they belied. Then, We seized them with what they used to earn for themselves.”
“We have given them the punishment of their crimes.”
“Did the people of those countries feel themselves secure that Our punishment would not come upon them by night while they were asleep?”
“Or, did the people of those countries feel themselves secure that Our punishment would not come upon them by mid-morning while they were having fun?”
“Were they sure that they would be saved from the plan of Allah? But no one feels secure from the plan of Allah except the people who incur a loss.”
That is, if a people who is to be destroyed, then they go astray and say, “There is no calamity or punishment of Allah,” and they do not see the past, nor do they derive a lesson; rather they get spoilt. See, it is when they get spoilt and disacknowledge the Real (al-Haqq), and when they dive into self-indulgence that the punishment of Allah befell them, and they were destroyed.
Let us see what Janâb-i Mawlā says after announcing the aforementioned situation.
Hodja recites the 99th and 100th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Almighty Rabb says, “Have all these events still not taught a lesson to those who inherit the land after its former inhabitants, that if We so willed, We could afflict them for their sins? We seal their hearts, so that they do not hear the truths.
Time Stamp: 30:22
Hodja recites the 101st verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“Those are the towns We narrate to you some of their story. Surely, their messengers came to them with manifest signs, miracles, but they were not going to believe (iman) in the trusts that they belied before. This is how Allah seals the hearts of the disbelievers (kāfirs).” You see, a person can’t harvest belief (iman) by planting disbelief (kufr). They planted disbelief (kufr). What did they do? They harvested the calamity of disbelief (kufr). Then, their disbelief (kufr) became a stamp, stamped to their hearts.
Hodja recites the 102nd verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“We did not find most of them true to their covenant.” That is, they did not keep their word. “Truth is, We found most of them astray.”
This means that they did not accept the laws and commands of the sharia (law) of Allah. They all deviated from the way of Allah, and they were destroyed as deviants. Almighty Allah narrates these to the people (ummah) of Muhammad until the Hour (qiyamah). This is because from the era of Muhammad to the Hour (qiyamah), all nations are people (ummah) of Muhammad. Get your head straight! Janâb-i Haqq is announcing the truths to you servants (qul) and warns you so that what befell them may not befall you. Allah warns you through Prophet Muhammad and the Quran. Allah warns you through the most exalted laws, rules, and the rights (huquq) of Islam. The commands of Islam are all the law (huquq) of Allah. Allah is the Real (al-Haqq), and the commands of Allah are the law (huquq). The supremacy of the most exalted law (huquq) is here. The lesson of eternal bliss is here. You can never be happy in the world, in the grave, in the great gathering (mahshar) for eternity by denying the Real (al-Haqq), abandoning the Real (al-Haqq), by denying the Messenger, by denying the book and its verses, by denying Holy Islam and the Quran. There is only frustration and jahannam (hell), which will be a pity. As for Islam, it is the embodiment of eternal bliss. The eternally blissful life is the life-style that Islam brought forth.
Hodja recites the 103rd, 104th, 105th, and 106th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq is narrating how Pharaoh was destroyed in these sacred verses. Allah destroyed other peoples as well. Allah had sent Musa (Moses) to Pharaoh. At the time Pharaoh had a powerful state.
Time Stamp: 35:00
See, Pharaoh stood against Musa. He disbelieved in the Torah. He disbelieved in the signs (ayat) of Allah, and he got destroyed. Do you know what befell Israil that did not follow the way of the Torah? Israil went astray and went mad, and disbelieved in the real Torah. They went astray from the way of Musa and the Torah. So many things befell them. They are still shedding blood. Israil did not come to its senses.
In these verses, Janâb-i Haqq said, “Then, after them, We sent Musa with Our signs (miracles) to Pharaoh and his community. But they wrongfully rejected those signs (miracles).” Yes, they did reject, “So, consider the fate of the mischief-makers.”
“Musa (a.s.) said, ‘O Pharaoh! Know that I am a Messenger sent by the Rabb of the worlds.” “My first duty against Allah is to not say anything other than the truth (haqq).” He said that his duty was to tell the truth.
“I have come to you with a clear sign (miracle) from your Rabb. So, let the children of Israil go with me.”
“Pharaoh said, ‘If you have come with a sign (miracle), then show it if you are among the truthful.’.”
Hodja recites the 107th, 108th, 109th, 110th, 111th, 112th, 113th, 114th and 115th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “Then, Musa threw down his staff. It became a giant dragon.” “Then he drew out his hand, his hand had turned all white, and it appeared luminous to all beholders.” and it appeared luminous to all beholders.” “The eminent among the people of Pharaoh said, “This man is certainly a magician of great knowledge.” See, they called Musa a sorcerer, but he is a true Prophet. “He wants to expel you from your land. So, what do you say?” “They said, ‘leave him and his brother alone for a while, and send gatherers to the cities who will bring you every learned magician.” “The sorcerers came to Pharaoh. They said, “There must be a reward for us, if we are the victors.” See, the magicians of Pharaoh would try to defeat Musa. “He said, ‘Yes, and of course, and you will be among the closer ones to me.’,” to the magicians. Pharaoh was saying, “As long as you defeat Musa. As long as overcome Musa.” “The magicians said to Musa, ‘O Musa! Will you show your merit first, or shall we be the first?’.”
Friends, let us see what Musa (a.s.) said to them at that time.
Time Stamp: 40:04
Hodja recites the 116th, 117th, 118th, 119th, and 120th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Let us see how Janâb-i Haqq shows this noteworthy scene.
“Musa said to them, ‘You cast your magic first, throw.’ When they threw, they bewitched the eyes of the people, and struct terror into them. Actually, they displayed a great magic.”
“We revealed to Musa, ‘Throw down your staff.’ Then of a sudden, the staff began to seize and devour all they fabricated, and all their magic disappeared.”
“Thus, the truth prevailed, and their doings went to waste.”
“So, they were overcome then and there and turned humiliated.”
“The sorcerers could not but fall in prostration (sajdah).”
As you see, batil (wrong) got destroyed in the face of haqq (truth), and magicians prostrated (sajdah). Let us see what they say after Janâb-i Haqq narrated the story of the magicians.
Hodja recites the 121st verse of Surah al-A’raf .
The magicians said, “We have believed (iman) in the Rabb of all the worlds.”
Hodja recites the 122nd verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“We have believed (iman) in the Rabb of Musa and Harun.”
Hodja recites the 123rd, 124th, and 125th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Let us see what Pharaoh said after the magicians have said that. Janâb-i Haqq now narrates what Pharaoh said to the magicians who then became Muslims. That is what Almighty Allah narrates in these verses now.
Allah is narrating the situation of Pharaoh.
“Pharaoh said to the magicians who became Muslims, ‘How dare you believe in Allah before I have given you permission? Surely this is a trick that you have hatched to drive the people out of this city! Soon, you will see.” That is, he started threatening the magicians.
“I will cut of your hands and feet from opposite sides, then know that I will hang you all.”
That is what pharaohs do.
“They said, ‘In that case, we will surely return to our Rabb.’.” See, they said if they die, they will return to their Rabb. At least they will die with faith (iman), and be martyrs with their faith (iman), and return to their Rabb. That is what every Muslim says.
“Your only grievance against us is that we believed in the signs (ayat) of our Rabb when they came to us. O our Rabb! Rain down upon us perseverance (sabr), and take our lives as Muslims.” That is how they supplicated.
Time Stamp: 45:02
You see dearest friends, that is the situation. Let us see what the magicians who became Muslims said.
Hodja recites the 126th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
They said that, how good!
Hodja recites the 127th and 128th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq says the following here. “The leaders among Pharaoh’s people said…” Janâb-i Haqq is narrating their story. “The leaders among Pharaoh’s people said, ‘Will you leave Musa and his people to spread corruption (fasad) in the land, and abandon you and your gods?’ Pharaoh replied, ‘We will kill their sons and keep their woman alive; and indeed, we have an overwhelming power over them.’.” That is what Pharaoh said.
“As for Musa (a.s.), he said to his people, ‘Seek help and grace (lutf) of Allah, and show patience (sabr). Surely, the land belongs to Allah. Allah gives it as a heritage to whom Allah wills of the slaves (qul); and the salvation is for the Muttaqûn (the pious).’,” said Musa (a.s.).
Janâb-i Haqq says the following in the next verse of the Quran.
Hodja recites the 129th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“His people said, ‘We have been persecuted before you came to us and after you came to us.” See, that is what Musa’s people said. That is in the core of Children of Israel. They tried to see Musa and Pharaoh as equals. See, they do not show patience. Whereas Musa came to save them from the torment of Pharaoh. Allah sent him as a Prophet. “Musa said, ‘Hopefully your Rabb will destroy your enemies and make you successors (caliphs) in the land, then Allah will test you by seeing what you will do.’.”
You see beloved friends; life and the world is but a test. He saved Israil from Pharaoh, but Israil did not fare well in the test. Israil murdered many Prophets, and denied so many Prophets, and slandered so many Prophets. They did so much injustice, so much crime. Allah continued to afflict them with many troubles. See what Israil is doing at this time? That is why those who believe in Torah and Musa are always travellers of the right path, and they are Muslims. However, those who deviated from the way of Torah and Musa have done injustice (zulm), and they keep doing injustice (zulm). Naturally, those who deviate from the way of Al-Quran Al-Karim are the same, so are those who deviate from the way of Bible (Injil). Those who deviate from the way of Islam which has renewed the entire past are also the same. Right now, the religion (din) of the whole world is Islam, and its sharia (law) is the Quran. The values of the past are in Islam and the Quran. Al-Quran Al-Karim continues to embrace all humanity and narrate noteworthy events to humanity until the Hour (qiyamah). Only those who deny the reality of Islam and the Quran, and the realities of prophethood (risalat) of Muhammad are those who run away from this embracement of mercy (rahmat). And they know themselves.
Time Stamp: 51:15
– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 296
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Dearest and most revered audience, the immortal lessons of the everlasting university of life, the most valuable lessons of the most sacred life continues with discovery notes. After giving you the core meanings of the 59th to 87th verses of Surah al-A’raf  of glorious Quran, we continue to give you information in regards to the discovery notes on them.
When we take a look at the manifestation of divine sovereignty through the order and sharia (law) of Islam, and the perfection (takāmul) of the religion (din) of Holy Islam, and the unique beauty and amenity of Al-Quran Al-Karim, we can see the enlightenment (fayiz) that immortal life gives us, as well as the light (nūr) it sheds, and eternal peace, salah (blessing), falah (happiness), and najah (success). We see how it saves us from tales and dreams and conveys us to reality or haqiqa. We see that sunnah (customs) is not out of the religion (din), but within the religion (din). We also see that religion (din) is not subordinate to nature. What did the nations who were erased, fallen, and destroyed do after they deviated from the religion (din) which is the essential social establishment? They went bankrupt, and they ruined themselves. This is the reason why so many peoples were destroyed. What did they do? Well, they subjected to nature, and they did not acknowledge the creator of nature in no way. The nations who were erased, fallen, and destroyed have deviated from the religion (din) which is the essential social establishment, and they all went bankrupt and toppled down. They are afflicted by the wrath, rage, and destruction of Allah. See, Holy Islam informs us of all dangers beforehand in order to save us from all dangers. We see that the peoples of Prophet Nūh, Prophet Hūd, Prophet Sālih, Prophet Lūt, Prophet Shuʿayb, alaihimussalam were all destroyed. We also see that People of Pharaoh to whom Musa was sent were also destroyed. Why did they get destroyed? That is because they did not accept the holy law (huquq), or the supremacy of that holy law (huquq). They did not accept the Real (al-Haqq) and the law (huquq). Prophets come with what? They come with the holy commands they receive from Allah. Prophets are assigned by Allah; therefore, to disacknowledge this duty is to disacknowledge Allah who sent them. That is where cause of destruction begins. Life and bliss are in accord with the glory of the Creator (al-Khaliq) to whom you give your heart. Pay attention to this! True life and true bliss are in accord with the glory of the Creator (al-Khaliq) who gave you your heart. Allah’s supremacy, religion (din), and law (huquq) are real (al-haqq), everything else counts for nothing. That is why life and bliss are also in living and believing this truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa). That is, to live and believe. Allah is the Real (al-Haqq). You are to believe in the Real (al-Haqq), and accept the supremacy of law (huquq), and implement that law (huquq) into your life. Allah has given every right to its respectful owner. You are to be pleased (razi) with this distribution, and do what? You are to establishes divine law (huquq), and every right owner will get his right and be happy when everybody throughout the world establishes that. In that case nobody will have the chance of devouring someone’s right, and also, they will have no chance of deviating from right to wrong. That said, it basically means you have went astray when you disacknowledge the Real (al-Haqq), which is surely a pity. Such a shame, really. The law that shall open the gates of heavens is the law of the Real (al-Haqq). Be wary! Hum Humankind is incapable of discovering the laws of a single leaf, the ship of salvation can only be built by divine law. That is just like Janâb-i Haqq revealed to Prophet Nūh, and had him made the Ark. The believers are like those who are saved by Nūh’s Ark, and disbelievers are like the ones who perished. Thus, the salvation of the world and everything is possible with Islam.
Time Stamp: 7:00
You see, the salvation of all of humankind as well as all remedies and all bliss have been brought forth by Islam. Therefore, the ship of salvation can only be built through divine law. What you build in a man-made manner without listening to the truth and law and divine commands will not always be a ship of salvation in the end due to its flaws, imperfection, faults; or when it has polytheism (shirk), disbelief (kufr), and hypocrisy (nifaq). That ship is bound to sink, and it has. For one thing, there is no salvation where there is polytheism (shirk) and disbelief (kufr).
Thus, beloved friends! Janâb-i Haqq has given signs to every Prophet, and supported the Prophets with signs. One of these signs is that the staff Musa held in his hand became a dragon. In a narration that is in Al-Quran Al-Karim and also narrated by Ibn-i Abbas, it is said that “The staff turned into a dragon, and he could shed light (nūr) with his hand; and a light (nūr) that is as big as his little finger manifested to a mountain and it sank into the ground.” This narration can be found in sources like Al-Tabari and Al-Tirmidhi. As for Muʿtazila, they do not believe in ru’yat (sighting). That is, they do not believe in ru’yat al-ilahi (seeing the divine), as for Ahlus-Sunnah, they do. The beauty (jamal) of Allah Ta’ala may be sighted by Allah’s leave and grace (lutf). If it wasn’t possible, then Musa (a.s.) wouldn’t want to see the beauty (jamal) and light (nūr) of Allah. Then again, there is a noteworthy lesson here, which is that those who wish to destroy truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa), law (huquq) and supremacy of law (huquq) are all destroyed themselves. There is no doubt about it. Janâb-i Haqq raised Musa in the lap of Pharaoh. Pharaoh killed so many boys thinking they were Musa.
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Yet he still raised Musa in his lap. So, who got destroyed in the end? Pharaoh toppled down with his state, and got drowned in the sea. Right now, he is taken to the Fire, day and night, and he is suffering the tightening of the grave. He is being lowered into the Fire, day and night with all his men.
Then again, let me try to present you information from the discovery notes in regards to the 88th to 93rd verses. We understand that it is not permissible (jaiz) to sigh for toppled down peoples from these verses of the Quran. We can see these truths when we look at the 168th verse of Surah al-A’raf , and the 43rd verse of Surah al-An’am . “They are tested with sweet and bitter, wealth and body, hardship and abundance.” Humankind passes various trials. Humankind is tested with sweets and bitters of life. Humankind is tested with financial and physical hardships. Humankind is tested with hardship and profundity. That is why if people do not pass the test, and if they do not adhere to the commands of their Rabb strictly, and do not accept that this test is from their Rabb and claim it is rather unexceptional; which they did, and they got spoilt and, in the end, they were destroyed, and they failed the test. Every warning is from Allah. Al-Quran Al-Karim is filled to the brim with verses that are bringer of good news (beşīr), and warners (nezīr). Janâb-i Haqq warns us servants (qul) with warner (nezīr) verses, and heralds with other bringer of good news (beşīr) verses. Al-Quran Al-Karim narrates you the past in the best possible way, but why? That is so that people may awaken. Al-Tabari also says they disbelieved in repentance (tawbah) and gratitude (shukr). See, one of the reasons that those people toppled down was that they did not repent (tawbah) and they disbelieved in showing gratitude (shukr) and repenting (tawbah). They were seized suddenly, meaning the calamity befell them instantly, and they were destroyed. Some of them suffered, and some died instantly. Some of them died in pain and suffering. That said, they were erased from the stage of history in their most powerful and joyful moment. See the 96th verse for example! We gave its meaning in our previous lecture, and now we are conveying discovery notes which help us recall it and make it more understandable. We continue with our discovery notes in order to support the core meanings with absolute and correct information, which are based on the truth, in regards to narration (riwayat) and comprehension (dirayat). Let us have a look at the 96th verse, or better yet let us memorize it and never forget. Those who claim to live civilized lives, pay attention! Some people disacknowledge the Real (al-Haqq), and the divine justice of the Real (al-Haqq), and the truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa), and the divine justice in the name of so-called civilization. Now, those who seek life outside the true and real life that Allah Ta’ala brought forth through Islam should pay close attention, and they should understand Al-Quran Al-Karim well and do what is due.
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Now, everybody should pay attention to this! Everything is present in the eyes of Allah, and there is nothing that is not present in the knowledge (ilm) of Allah. That is why it is necessary to seek shelter in Almighty Allah from the rejoicing of the enemy. It is necessary to pray by saying, “O my Allah! I seek shelter in You from the rejoicing of the enemy.” This narration has been recorded in authentic sources of ours such as Ahmad ibn Hanbali, Al-Muslim, Al-Nasā’ī, and Al-Bukhari. Then again, let us continue to give discovery notes about 103rd to 129th verses. The sign or miracle is much stronger when ignorance and injustice is more predominant. If ignorance and injustice are predominant in a setting, then what does Janâb-i Haqq do in regards to that setting? Janâb-i Haqq shows the sign or miracle in a much more amplified manner. Malaʾ for example, is also very attention grabbing in regards to politics and sociology. It has a meaning like community, important people. As for honour, it has a social meaning.
Communities and legal entities, important honour, and has a social meaning. Malaʾ. Consultation. Nobility. Leadership. Congregation (jama’ah). To desire. Committee. Representative. Parliament. Temperament. When we take a look, we see that the value of these should be known in every setting, and they should be put to good use. Al-Raghib has given meanings like “congregation (jama’ah) that fills the hearts, beautiful faces, and fulness,” to the word malaʾ. As for the Franks, they have given the name “high society” to this word. That is, the high society of the Franks is mentioned in Al-Quran Al-Karim as malaʾ. It also has meanings such as reconciliation, voluntary association, parliament, army, authorized committee. We should derive lessons from each of these. The following narration is form Said ibn Jubayr. He says the staff of Musa turned into a giant serpent, and went towards Pharaoh, and he said to Musa, “O Musa! Restrain it!” It is said that Pharaoh begged Musa, and he restrained it. Such a shame that Pharaoh did not keep his word and boiled over with rage (feveran). That said, we can see this news in the records of Al-Tabari and Al-Alusi. Now, let us talk about the views that say it is not permissible (jaiz) alter the truth. Some say the staff is just a staff, and the serpent is just a snake, and that Hz. Musa (a.s.) was dark skinned, and he would place his hand onto his bosom and it would become white as snow when he revealed it. There are these verses in Al-Quran Al-Karim, and we can see the wording of learned men such as Al-Alusi.
That is an example and manifestation of divine wrath (ghazab) and majesty (jalal) as well as godly (rabbani) mercy (rahmat) and grace (lutf). Janâb-i Haqq does the necessity of both justice and mercy.
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Then again, mala’ or the privy council, greeted him by saying, “magician.” Who are they? They are the high society of Pharaoh. Ministers and top officials, men of Pharaoh. What did this privy council say? They greeted him by saying, “magician.” Pharaoh was saying, “what do you command to them?” to his own community. Then they addressed Musa (a.s.) as magician. No prophet is a magician, and they cannot be magicians because Islam rejects magic. Ebussuud says this was asked to the popular vote. That is, Pharaoh asked people their thoughts about Musa. However, he still did not stop his hostility. See the 24th verse of Surah al-Nazi’at , “he said, ‘I am your exalted lord!” See, Pharaoh was being a Pharaoh. He was stalemated, even if it was temporary, he still stopped being a “deity.” He adopted a tabasbus attitude which was fake and two-faced. So, what is tabasbus? It means that Pharaoh started flattery and flawning. See, he said, “أَنَا رَبُّكُمُ الْأَعْلَى”. This lowlife Pharaoh started flattery and flawning. Why? Because he was overwhelmed and baffled by the miracle. He portrayed Musa as a secret enemy. Pharaoh who started flattery and flawning started portraying Musa as a secret enemy. He claimed he will drive people out. This is how he tried to defame Musa to his people. They are trying to portray the truth and reality as their own crookedness and magic, every trickster is like that. They all try to portray their own wrongs as rights, and the rights as wrongs. These are present within all misguidance and schemes. Council is beneficial, but that is only if the advisory council has a solid structure. Major cities are called madāʾin. Pharaoh had sent gatherers to major cities. These major cities are called madāʾin in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Property (mulk), obedience (taat), punishment, and politics.
About 70 master magicians were gathered from these cities. They were casting illusions of giant ropes and long poles and sticks one atop the other as if they are snakes, and scenes of trees and things like skin being filled with mercury. They were moving in curls with the heat from the sun. That is, they were demonstrating a magic like this, and they were casting a terrifying view. However, they were nothing other than fabrication and illusion. Then again, the sources of Al-Alusi are among the sources of this news as well as others.
The Islamic scholars (âlims) have said this is among the greatest signs of the merit (fazilat) of knowledge (ilm). He was hurling deviltry and threats. See, deviltry and threat, all Pharaohs have these. They have deviltry and threats. They cannot manage the faith and belief of the heart because there is no iman in their hearts.
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He won’t have a belief either. One does not take permission from Pharaoh to believe. Pharaoh was scheming a political plot in order to misguide public and agitate people. He was practicing magic and charlatanry as well. What he did was a sham fight and a trick. He tried to blame the magicians saying they secretly met Musa, and the magicians become Muslims. Besides, magic won’t work in the face of a miracle (sign). Prophet Muhammad has done the greatest revolution of the world until the Hour (qiyamah) in the outer (zahir) and inner (batin) world, in the worlds of hearts and spirits and in the brains. The past in in Al-Quran Al-Karim, why does the Quran give examples from the past? That is because all values of the past and future are present in Al-Quran Al-Karim. He claimed they would cause insurrection and at home and drive away the copts. Pharaoh was casting doubt in people claiming they may lose their homeland in order to defame Musa. All astray peoples and their leaders who were against the Prophets have resorted to this kind of plots. They belie the signs of Allah by calming Musa dove his hand into phosphor dust. They are deviating into atheism (ilhad) through their interpretation (taʾwīl). Those who interpreted (taʾwīl) the sign deviated to the idea of nature, and deny the miracle (sign). Pay attention because they deviate to idea of nature, and deny the miracle (sign). Those who don’t have a share in iman only see the material aspect of things, and they cannot see the meaning. They see creatures (makhluqat) but they can’t see the omnipotence (qudrah) of the Creator (al-Khaliq) who created the creatures (makhluqat) in no way. One needs faith (iman) and sound intellect (aql-e-saleem) in order to see. They say it was like a dragon, and his knowledge (ilm) was bright, both are the same thing. The interpreters call this Asa Yadi Bayza. That is, they do not want to acknowledge the miracle (sign) in no way. Who are they? They are those who were obsessed with the idea of nature. Intellect (aql) is the receiver of real information, and it is an acknowledger. Intellect (aql) is not a creator, it does not create, rather the intellect (aql) is the receiver of real information, and acknowledger. It is not a creator; it only understands naqil (narrative). See, the duty of intellect (aql) is to understand naqil (narrative). It is the receiver of real information, and acknowledger. It is not a creator, rather the duty of intellect (aql) understands naqil (narrative). Intellect (aql) and comprehension (dirayat) are requisites. Intellect (aql) takes information. The subjects of knowledge (ilm), events, and related news. Naqil (narrative) is like new inflows to the intellect (aql). Intellect (aql) acquires isolated and recurrent events. Let me repeat, intellect (aql) acquires isolated and recurrent events. In recurrent events, analogy (qiyas) constitutes a standard. Pay attention to this! In recurrent events, analogy (qiyas) constitutes a standard.
Qiyas al-Fenni is to acquire what is unknown through what is known. A person will have burned and ruined himself with the effort (ijtihad) and analogy (qiyas) of Iblīs when he rejects the revelation (wahy). One can’t deny the revelation (wahy). Is it possible to acknowledge intellect (aql) but deny the One who created it? Aql-i Evvel (First Intelligence) is among the first creations of Almighty Allah along with the Pen and Nūr al-Muhammad (Light of Muhammad).
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Is it possible to acknowledge aql (intellect) and naqil (narrative)? Is it possible to deny Allah who created aql (intellect)? Denying the divine revelation (wahy-i ilahi), the Book and the Messenger, is equal to denying the Creator of aql (intellect). It is also equal to denying your own aql (intellect), that is what that leads to. A person will have burned and ruined himself with the ijtihad of Iblīs when he denies the revelation (wahy). What did Iblīs do? He burned and ruined. That way Iblīs made himself a companion of jahannam (hell), and he made all the people he deceived and led astray companions of jahannam (hell). What did Janâb-i Haqq say to Iblīs? “I will fill jahannam (hell) to the brim with you and all the people whom you deceived.” That is why a person will have burned and ruined himself with the ijtihad of Iblīs when he denies the revelation (wahy). Is that not a pity?
Is it possible for a human to have wings? Yes, it is, but has it ever been heard? No. Is it necessary to deny rare occurrences? No, it is not necessary. Should you deny something because it is a rare occurrence? It is possible even though it is rare, therefore it is not to be denied. It is a subject of knowledge (ilm) to research what is possible and what is not. Besides, to think about imkan-i zati, which means whether something is actually possible; the divine books save you from the circle of nature without going to denial and interpretation (taʾwīl). As a principle, constructive knowledge does not deny rare and isolated events. It would be a slander to knowledge (ilm) if it does. The same goes say saying there cannot be any singular or rare events out of the laws of nature. Miracles or signs (mu’jizat) are supernatural, so are the karamat (wonders). Also, be wary of those who portray tales, lies, and dreams as history! Those who guise tales and false dreams as history actually distort the views of the public. Be wary of them! Denying the authentic news are also an utter heresy. See, they reject what is authentic and correct, but portrays falsehoods, lies, and dreams as history. Thus, they try to misguide people because they have been misguided. That is an utter deprivation from the abundance (fayiz) of history.
Fakhr al-Din al-Razi says miracles (mujizat) may always occur by Allah’s leave, and they are permissible (jaiz), and this is also the view of Ahlus-Sunnah. Miracles (mujizat) and wonders (karamat) are permissible (jaiz) and possible. Besides, there is nothing impossible for Allah. Yet some say they are impossible and out of the question. The naturist philosophers claim that. That is, they claim these are impossible and out of the question. That is the view of naturist philosophers, and Muʿtazila claims some are permissible (jaiz).
These people who side with philosophers claim a brave fellow can’t be made from dried stalks of grain.
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See, those who assert that a brave fellow can’t be made from dried stalks of grain are denying the creation of this universe and its Creator. By saying a brave fellow can’t be made from dried stalks of grain, they assert the idea that this universe existed by its own. They deny Allah. Is that not the very self of disbelief (kufr) and non-sense? See, they say a person can’t be born without parents, he would be crazy and have dementia. They say mountains can’t be gold, seas can’t be blood, soil can’t be flour or salt; they claim these cancel the knowledge (ilm). They say this leads to non-sensical things. They say they deny this from the start, and they do. They also fall into doubt by considering it impossible. However, these people who can’t see the hand in front of their face are denying such valuable things, and they get stuck in such wrongs. Every action happens with a cause (muessir); the law of causality. The ignorant claim what is old and new have happened by coincidence. Every action/work occurs with an cause or muessir. Those who say “nature” instead of worlds (alamin) or universe… Now, they should pay attention to this part! Those who say “nature” instead of worlds (alamin) or universe do not know the laws of nature are laws that confine nature. The actual non-sense is their view. What is it? They claim the universe existed by its own by denying Allah Ta’ala, the Creator of the universe, yet they also claim a brave fellow can’t be made from dried stalks of grain. So, if it is not possible to make a brave fellow from dried stalks of grain, and for example seas can’t turn into honey, and mountains can’t turn into gold; then how can the universe come into existence by its own without a creator? They can’t see that! You see, the real non-sense is their view here. They shut themselves up by their own claims, meaning they fall into contradiction and diminution by their own words. The quibblers who claim a human can’t be without parents, mountains can’t be gold, a person can’t be born without a father and mother, the soil can’t turn into flour, flour can’t turn into salt are actually themselves. Why? Because the man who claims this universe came into existence by its own and deny Allah is actually the one who claims flour can turn into salt and mountains can turn into gold. They are also the ones who say a brave fellow can be made out of dried stalks of grain, except that they are aware. They are not even aware of their own doings. Saying it is all a coincidence is to believe in this non-sense. Nothing in this universe is a coincidence. Everything is Allah’s creation on command.
All creation and command belong to Allah.
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The peerless ruler of the worlds is Almighty Allah. As for the majority of the naturists’ view, they say everything happens through a cause. That is either mandatory or optional. That is, by a cause and doer. If the nature was the cause, then all of it would have been ever-existent (qadim), and there wouldn’t be chance. See, the nature is not the cause, rather the power and omnipotence (qudrat) that affects nature is creation and command of Allah. Don’t forget this! As for tarjih, ijabiyah, and determinism or necessarianism; it means like a situation where seas turn into oil in a single moment. The actual cause (muessir) is the One who does what he wills. That is, Almighty Allah. See, supernormal things are not impossible, the absolute and complete knowledge (ilm) that is
unrebuttable belongs to Allah. Absolute and complete knowledge (ilm) is that of Allah. Human knowledge is relative, and it is limited to the extent Janâb-i Haqq has given to said human. The servant (qul) has whatever Allah has given to him. Sophistry and scepticism are wrong or batil. The assertion of complete knowledge is also wrong because it is only Allah Ta’ala who knows everything in the complete sense. Science may know and uncover certain things, but not everything. Humans have success only as much as Allah has made them successful, and they have limited ability. They have various abilities but these are limited to what they have been given by Allah. Their ability is limited to the share Allah has given them. As for new philosophy, those who say hypotheses and knowledge of nature are unchangeable laws are not authorities. That is, among these scholars there are figures who are scholarly authorities. Those who say hypotheses are unchangeable laws are not âlims or philosophers with authority. They have a sceptical mindset, and some are probabilists. For example, Kant who was a German philosopher says knowledge about nature has been obtained through experiment and observation. See, Kant says knowledge about nature has been obtained through experiment and observation, and that these are not imperious. He says these are assertoric, meaning it is mutlaka al-amme – the theories only inform about one-time occurrences. Therefore, tomorrow’s experiment may lead to a different result. Let’s say you have conducted an experiment today, and another one tomorrow. The one you conducted tomorrow may lead you to another conclusion. Some people consider the results certain while some are sceptical. As for Kant, he is in the middle of the two. The view of Kant is close to the approach of kalamists. Mawāqif says, miracles or signs are not greater than the first creation out of nothing. That is, those who reject the miracles or signs are being addressed in a quote from Mawāqif. It says, “Miracles or signs are not greater than the first creation out of nothing.” Therefore, it is nothing but demagogy to claim sophistry and scepticism are okay. Just have a look at the creation of the entire universe, and the miracle or sign.
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It is surely easier for Allah who created this universe to manifest miracles in the person of Prophets because the first creation is creation out of nothing, as for miracles, they are secondary creations of what is already created out of nothing. First creation is creation out of nothing. First creation is the creation of the worlds, and there are endless and boundless miracles in it. How will those who do not accept the miracles that were manifested through Prophets explain the endless and boundless creation of the universe? That is why what they do is not scholarship but demagogy. In logic or mantiq, mutlaka al-amme is more general, but more special than mumkin (possible). Certainty does not hinder the possibility of its opposite, nor does it necessitate doubting its opposite. Guardian (wakī), possible, (mumkin), intellect (aql), and fairness (insaf)… Let’s have a look. Wakī, mumkin, aql, and insaf does not deny miracle. That said, not every wonder is a miracle. There are wonders, but not every one of them are miracles. Studies are being conducted in regards to spirit (ruh), science, and beyond. The accord of positives, accord of negatives, accord of opposites, divergence (tahaluf), similarities and opposites… The universe is filled to the brim with opposites. Pay attention! Distinction (tamayuz), just take a look. Pre-eminence. These are divine tradition.
You can’t carry out precise analogy or qiyas backwards or forwards through intellect (aql), you can’t bring precise conclusion. To deny divine books, taʾwīl (interpretation) tawātur (authentication) because they claim they are better is an injustice against advancement and scholarship (ilm). The naturists have frozen minds that do not see the exalted omnipotence (qudrah), and they are brainless bigots. You may possess certain precedences for a short time, and you may make certain discoveries and advance in science with technique and technology. However, you will deny the Real (al-Haqq) if you do not see the omnipotence (qudrah) above these. He who denies the Real (al-Haqq) loses everything. Then, he will be buried in a grave ignorance and foolishness and be sealed away. Al-Quran Al-Karim has surely attracted attention to tradition (sunnah), customs (adat), law (qanun), sharia (law), the principles of the Law-Maker (Shari). Announces the divine sovereignty. No matter what anyone says, the sovereignty in the worlds is the sovereignty of Allah. Allah is the Creator who gives the command. Allah is Tabāraka wa Ta’ala, the Exalted Fayyad. That is, Almighty Allah is the ruler, and has announced the divine rulership as well. Whether you believe or not, you will answer tomorrow. The ruler of the worlds is Almighty Allah. That is Allah’s power, and the only absolute ruler is Allah Ta’ala.
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See the 54th and 101st verses of Surah al-A’raf  where we see these truths. As for idolizing the nature; Naturist idolize nature, thus their hearts are locked up and sealed. Why are you idolizing nature, rather look at its creator? Why don’t you serve the One who created nature? Why don’t you acknowledge the creator of nature? See, knowledge of nature couldn’t be constructed into a theory of cause and effect. See, knowledge of nature couldn’t be converted into a cause-and-effect theory. Physics and chemistry have been successful, yet they don’t encompass every occurrence. There is success, but it doesn’t encompass every occurrence. As for life sciences, it is far from that, and humankind is too far behind in medicine. There is a chain of causes and forces. Humankind does not even know all the causes of a single occurrence in depth. See, science couldn’t even discover all the causes of even a single occurrence. However, Allah the Creator knows them very well. Still, there are so many flawed aspects of science. Science is literal (zahiri) and relative (nisbi), yet it is not total (kulli), absolute (mutlak), or authentic (haqiqi). As for the essence of the matter, it is creation and invention (ījād). That is, what is essential is in the creation of the creator, and the invention (ījād). Let alone creating anything, nobody can discover what has been created in a proper manner. The world has come to this age and the number of discoveries are limited. So much time has passed and this is as much as humankind could discover. So, how much of it is beneficial and how much of it is harmful? In this regard scientists are in a disunity and contradiction. Total cause (kulli illat) is in the open. What is total cause (kulli illat)? That is Almighty Allah. Allah is the total cause which we call kulli illat. Therefore, the creation and invention (ījād) of Almighty Allah is what is absolute and real. The total cause (kulli illat) is here. Just take a look at positive and negative electricity, and when voltage drops to zero at an instant, see the lightbulb that lights up and dies instantly. It lights up instantly, and dies instantly. The creation is swift, and destruction is also swift. See, at a moment it lights up, thus it is created. At a moment it dies, thus it is destroyed. Both are swift, but people with frozen hearts can’t see the omnipotence (qudrah). They can see the creations but not the creator. The omnipotence (qudrah) of that creator is manifest. Besides, nobody can see the person (dhat) of Allah. However, the works, creations, and omnipotence (qudrah) of Allah are manifest, they are known and felt. They should also think about spirit (ruh), which actually is the real being of a human. Just contemplate on spirit (ruh) for a second. The faithful (imans) rear up against those who threaten and wage war against the Real (al-Haqq). Now, what do they do? They acknowledge the creature (makhluq) and deny the creator (al-khaliq), and they wage war against the Real (al-Haqq).
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If you wage war against the Real (al-Haqq), who will face you? See, the faiths (imans) rear up against those who threaten the Real (al-Haqq). Faith or iman is devotion to the Real (al-Haqq), and to be at the command of the Real (al-Haqq) because there is faith (iman) in a heart which acknowledges the Real (al-Haqq), and affirms (tasdiq) the law (huquq) and commands of the Real (al-haqq). From then on, it is at the command of the Real (al-Haqq). Only then will faith (iman) rear up against denial, against disbelief (kufr). Only then will faith (iman) reap up against polytheism (shirk), hypocrisy (nifaq), injustice (zulm), evil-doing (faajir), and flagrant sinning (fasiq). I am going to die regardless, and martyrdom is better than life. Pay attention! Just take a look at the principles of faith (iman). People die whether they are faithful or faithless, no matter who they are. But the faithful say, “I am going to die regardless, and martyrdom is better than life.” O pharaohs! You are the enemies of the whole of humankind. Islam is the friendship that embraces all humankind, it is the embodiment of mercy and blessing (rahmat), all that is beautiful, and social justice. It is the embodiment of immortal life, and the life itself. It is religion (din) of Islam that brought the immortal life-style, which is Islamic life-style. That is why he says martyrdom is better than life. O pharaohs! You won’t be staying alive! Has any pharaoh escaped death in the past? Are those who stood against Nūh alive? Have those who stood against Hūd, Sālih, Ibrahim, Lūt, Shuʿayb, Musa, Isa, Yusuf survived? Have those who stood against Dawood and Suleiman survived? Are those prophet-killers, murderers, and wrongdoers (zalimun) alive? No, they aren’t. So, it is said: “O pharaohs! You will not survive. No pharaoh has ever survived.” They are heartless, unjust, and ignorant; all pharaohs are like that. They are heartless, unjust, and ignorant. So, what is said to all pharaohs? It is said that they are ignorant (jahl), polytheists (mushrik), flagrant sinners (fāsiq), and deniers (munkir). Those who object to Allah and the supremacy of the law (huquq) of the Real (al-Haqq), all the faithless and those who disacknowledge truth and law are being addressed here. It is said to them, “You are polytheists (mushrik) and flagrant sinners (fasiq) and deniers (munkir). No pharaoh has ever survived, and they will never escape death. The armies of Azrail (a.s.) have sieged the heavens and the earth. All living creatures will die. It is just that everyone will die when their hour comes, when their life-span comes to an end. The life-span is a capital of life that Allah assigns. When that hour, minute, and second runs out death will occur without being postponed or preponed. Death occurs when hour of death comes. That is why the faiths (imans) have challenged them. That is, what did the faithful people who sided with Prophets did against the pharaohs? They challenged polytheism (shirk), disbelief (kufr), and injustice (zulm) of all pharaohs and false deities (i.e., taghuts).
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A narration that comes from Abdullah ibn Abbas says, “They were magicians at the start of the day.” See, Pharaoh’s men were magicians. What happened then? What happened at the end of the day? “They became martyrs.” Look at this chance, the magicians became Muslims. Then, they were afflicted by the injustice (zulm) of Pharaoh, and they became martyrs. They found janna (paradise). In any case Pharaoh died, right? They died as faithful, and became martyrs. That is because magicians became Muslims. But what did Pharaoh do? He drowned in the sea as a faithless, and were thrown into jahannam (hell). Right now, he is being lowered into the Fire day and night, and he is suffering the tightening of the grave. This news is present in the works written by Al-Suyuti, just like it is present in others. Pharaoh became discouraged due to the staff (asa), and he would daydream about the dragon. He wanted to kill all young men. That is, Pharaoh. See, the mindset of Pharaoh is like that, all backward and outdated mindsets are like that of Pharaoh. They are faithless, and have no mercy to humanity. There is a remorselessness with them. Pharaoh and his politics is like that. Pharaoh’s politics is present where there is no justice or mercy, or true faith (iman) that shows pity to humankind. There are fanatics of pharaohs, they do nothing on their own. Their fanatics are those who sustain the pharaohs. That is, their servants. What did Janâb-i Haqq do to them? Allah has punished all unjust (zalim) people throughout history. Allah said, “Repent, and kill each other,” to some of them. That is, for repentance (tawbah). See the 151st and 152nd verses, and memorize these verses so that you may not forget! See the 151st and 152nd verse of Surah al-A’raf  for example! What did Musa do with 70 people in order to repent (tawbah) for wrath, contemptibleness, abasement (zillat)? He had went to Mount Sinai, and lightening had struck them therein, and they died. They were resurrected again with the supplication of Musa. See the news of Al-Tabari and Al-Suddī. See the 154th verse for example, mercy (rahmat) is a necessity of Allah’s being (dhat). Humankind should now that all the worlds are manifestations of the mercy (rahmat) of Allah, and mercy (rahmat) is a necessity of Allah’s being (dhat). So, what is punishment? Punishment is a necessity of the sins. If humankind did not commit any sin, then there wasn’t anything like punishment but there was mercy (rahmat), because mercy (rahmat) is a necessity of the being (dhat) of Almighty Allah. As for punishment, it is a necessity of the sins of humankind.
There are figures like Ebussuud in the source of this news. Then again Baydawi says the name Rasul (Messenger) is given in relation to Allah, and Nabi (Prophet) in relation to servants (qul). Now, actually there are two names for Prophets, which are rasul (messenger) and nabi (prophet). Now, the envoys whom Allah assigned are named rasul (messenger). Their name are rasul (messenger) as Allah has sent them.
That said, what do Prophets do with the revelations and news they receive? They convey the news they receive from Allah to servants (qul). It is said that in this regard they are nabis (prophets). As for Hz. Muhammad, he is both a rasul (messenger) and a nabi (prophet). The rasuls (messengers) came with a sharia (law), a new sharia (law). The provision (hukm) of the previous sharia (law) is abrogated with the coming of the next sharia (law). As for the sharia (law) that the religion (din) of Islam brought forth, it has abrogated the provision (hukm) of all past sharias (laws) because it is the last and newest. Islamic sharia (law) is one that is brand-new, which has been brought forth by the Divine Shari Ta’ala (Law-Maker). That is why humankind attains eternal bliss if they perform their duty against their Rabb as servants (qul) as is due.
May Janâb-i Haqq make us among the servants (qul) who understand, comprehend, and are guided with these lessons of the life-giving light (nūr) in the Quran which Almighty Allah who makes the servants (qul) earn these lessons of immortal and eternal bliss. May Janâb-i Haqq make us among the Rāshidūn (rightly guided), among the Muhsin (benevolent), among those servants (qul) who are happy and blissful for eternity.
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