Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 301-304
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 301
On the 171st to 206th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Hodja recites the 171st verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Let’s see what our Almighty Rabb commands in this verse of the Quran, “When We raised the mountain over them as though it were a canopy, and they thought it was falling upon them, We said, ‘Adhere firmly to the book We have given you, and remember what it contains, so that you may guard against evil.’.”
So many things befell those who forgot the Torah back then. As for those who distorted it, and stood against Musa and the Torah, Isa and the Injil, Ibrahim, Nuh, Hud, etc., they were struck by so many things as well. As you see, Janâb-i Haqq is giving a lesson to the universe by saying, “Read Al-Quran Al-Karim, which renewed the past entirely, and do not forget it.”
Hodja recites the 172nd verse of Surah al-A’raf .
In this verse of the Quran, Janâb-i Haqq said, “Recall when your Rabb took out the offspring from the loins of the Children of Adam, and made them bear witness about themselves, Allah said, ‘Am I not your Rabb?’ They said, ‘Yes you are our Rabb, we have testified.’ We did so lest you claim on the Day of Resurrection (qiyamah), ‘We were not aware of this.’.”
Hodja recites the 173rd and 174th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
In this verse of the Quran, Janâb-i Haqq says, “Or lest you should say, ‘It was our forefathers who associated partners with Allah. We were a generation after them; will you destroy us because of the doings of those who used to follow that wrong path?’.” “This is how we explain the verses in detail, and perhaps they will return,” to the truth (haqq) by abandoning the wrong (batil).
Janâb-i Mawla says the following.
Hodja recites the 175th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“Recite to them the story of that man to whom We presented Our verses, who then detached himself from them; then ultimately Shaitan caught up with him, and he became one of those who are destroyed.”
Hodja recites the 176th and 177th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Time Stamp: 5:33
See what our Almighty Rabb says, “If it had been Our will, We could have elevated him with those verses, but instead he clung to ignominy, and followed his desires. So, his noteworthy parable is like the parable of a dog, if you chase it away, it pants with his tongue protruding, and if you leave it alone, it pants with his tongue protruding. That is the parable of a lot who denied Our verses. So relate this story so that perhaps they will give thought.” “Evil is the example of those who have rejected Our signs and have been doing wrong (zulm) to themselves.
After announcing these, Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
Hodja recites the 178th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“The one whom Allah gives guidance (hidayat) is the one on the right path. As for those whom Allah lets go astray, those are the losers themselves.”
Hodja recites the 179th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
In this verse of the Quran, Janâb-i Haqq says, “We have created many jinn and people who are destined for jahannam (hell). They have hearts wherewith they do not understand the truth. They have eyes wherewith they do not see. They have ears wherewith they do not hear.”
That is, they do not see, hear, or understand the truth. They call rights wrongs, and vice versa.
“They are like cattle, nay even more astray! They are utterly heedless.”
Hodja recites the 180th and 181st verses of Surah al-A’raf .
“Whereas the most beautiful names are for Allah.”
That is, asma ul-husnā – names of Allah.
“Therefore, pray (dua) to Allah with them.”
As you see, one should pray (dua) to Almighty Allah using the names of Allah. That is what Allah wants.
“And leave the company of the deniers who deviate in the matter of Allah’s names. They will be requited for what they used to do.”
“And among those We created is an ummah which guides others with the truth, and establish justice according to it.”
You see friends, these are the valuable servants (qul).
Janâb-i Haqq says the following after announcing this truth.
Time Stamp: 10:15
Hodja recites the 182nd verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“As for those who deny Our signs (ayat), We will progressively lead them to downfall in ways they do not perceive.”
Pay attention! Allah does not do it at once, rather says, “progressively.” Why? This is a necessity of the denial of the denier, and Janâb-i Haqq implements that on them.
Hodja recites the 183rd verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“I will give them respite, but my plan (of leading to destruction) is strong.”
The price of denying the verses of the Quran, and doing the opposite of what they say by disbelieving in is very heavy.
Hodja recites the 184th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “Has it not occurred to them that their companion is not mad. He is only a plain warner.”
Hz. Muhammad is a plain warner. He is warning humanity; and he warned. The commands of Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim, meaning the book, sunnah, ijma, and qiyas are the original (asl) sources of this truth, and they are a warner and a saviour until the Day of Resurrection (qiyamah).
That said, Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
Hodja recites the 185th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“Have they not observed the dominion (mulk) and possession (tasarruf) of Allah in the heavens and the earth, and into any creation of Allah, and the possibility that the appointed times (ajal) is near. So, in what other statement are they going to believe after the Quran?” says Janâb-i Haqq.
Janâb-i Haqq says the Quran is the true and haqq statement because it is the last book.
Hodja recites the 186th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“No one can guide those whom Allah lets go astray. Allah leaves them to themselves, and they blunder about in their transgression.”
See, they go until their appointed time (ajal), where Azrail (a.s.) takes their lives with his armies, and take them away.
Hodja recites the 187th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“They ask you about the Hour (qiyamah), ‘When is it due to happen?’ Say, ‘Its knowledge is only with my Rabb. Allah alone will revel when its time will come. There is nobody that can bear the weight of it in the heavens and the earth. It shall come to you suddenly.’ They ask you about it as if you are familiar with it. Say, ‘Its knowledge is with Allah. But most people do not know.”
Time Stamp: 15:55
Hodja recites the 188th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq says the following here. “Say, ‘I possess no power to bring a benefit or a harm to myself, except what Allah wills. If I knew the Unseen, I would have done more good, and no evil would have ever touched me. I am no more than a Prophet who brings good news and gives warnings to a people who believe.’.” This is what Janâb-i Haqq told him to say.
Beloved friends, we see that Almighty Rabb warns humanity through exalted words. We need to wake up, and listen to Allah, and enter into the command of Allah, and submit to Allah. This is the remedy, and eternal happiness.
Hodja recites the 189th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
In this verse of the Quran, Almighty Rabb says, “It is Allah who created you from a single soul (nafs), and out of him created his wife, so that he may find comfort in her.”
In this verse there are words filled to the brim with wisdom (hikmat). See, it is Allah who created him and his wife. Why? So that he may find comfort with her. Do you see the creation of men and women? There is a matter of finding comfort in each other. Understand this well! A life without a man or a wife is unthinkable. That is men for women, and women for men. This is an absolute must of life. That is why the religion (din) of Islam has been firm about family in this regard, and placed every rule for family to be happy. This is only for happiness. This is for the eternal bliss of life. These life-lessons of Islam and all the rules of it are for eternal bliss. In regards to individuals, families congregations, states, nations, the world, and heavens and the earth, the most blissful life-style that suits the creation is Islam. Janâb-i Haqq has brought froth the provision (hukm) through written verses (ayat) and cosmological signs (kevni ayat). Denying is futile.
When he became intimate with his wife, she conceives a light burden. Thereafter, when it became heavy, they both prayed to Allah, their Rabb, ‘If You give us a righteous (saleh) child, we shall certainly be among the grateful.”
This is present in everyone’s prayer. This is in everyone’s innate nature (fitrah), and it should be. However, let us look at today’s example where so many people break their words and fall into polytheism (shirk).
Time Stamp: 20:50
Hodja recites the 190th, 191st, 192nd, and 193rd verses of Surah al-A’raf .
“But when Allah gave them a righteous (saleh) child, both of them ascribed partners to Allah regarding the children Allah gave them. Allah is free and away from what they associate.”
See, humankinds the danger of deviating from monotheism (tawhid) into polytheism (shirk) began therein.
“How can they set up with Allah these partners that create nothing and are themselves created.”
“Those idols can neither help those who worship them or themselves.”
Thus started the idolatry where humankind left the creator and wend their way to creations.
“If you call them to the right path, they will not follow you. It is all the same whether you call them or remain silent.”
Hodja recites the 194th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“Surely, what you worship besides Allah are created slaves (qul) just like you,” they are creatures (makhluq). If you are truthful in your claim, then call upon them and let them answer you.”
Hodja recites the 195th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Do they have feet to walk with? Or hands to hold with? Or eyes to see with? Or ears to hear with? Say to them, ‘Call upon your associate-gods, then, plot against me and allow me no respite if you can.’.”
That is what Janâb-i Haqq tells to idolaters, and they have no reason (aql). One should be at the command of Allah. No matter who that is, a person who does not serve Allah, or object to Allah, or disacknowledge the fact that Allah is the True God, or disacknowledge the superiority of the laws (huquq) of Allah have no intellect (aql). These are people who utterly destroyed their intellect (aql).
Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
Hodja recites the 196th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“Surely, my wali (guardian) is Allah who has revealed the Book. And Allah protects the righteous servants (saleh qul).”
This is the truth, do not forget this. Do not ever forget this! Do not forget this verse, or other verses!
Time Stamp: 26:08
Hodja recites the 197th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq says the following in this verse of the Quran, “But those whom you worship besides Allah can neither help you, nor can they help themselves.”
Nobody can save you from the hand of Azrail. Nobody can save you from the justice, rage, wrath, and punishment of Allah. Be a servant (qul) to Allah, and be saved.
Hodja recites the 198th, 199th, and 200th verses of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Mawla says the following in these verses of the Quran, “If you call them to the right path, they will not hear; and you see them looking at you, while they cannot see. Take the course of forgiveness; enjoin right, and turn away from the ignorant.”
“If a waswas, a prompting comes to you from Shaitan, seek refuge in Allah. Surely, Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.”
Hodja recites the 201st, 202nd, and 203rd verses of Surah al-A’raf .
In these verses of the Quran, Janâb-i Haqq says, “Verily, those who fear Allah stop and think when a waswas (evil thought) from Shaitan visits them, and at once they have basirat (insight). As for the brethren of shaitans (devils), they drag others into deviancy, and do not relax in their efforts.” That is the shaitans (devils).
You should turn to Allah the moment Shaitan touches an evil thought (waswas) to your heart, and seek refuge in Allah, and ponder on the meaning of that thought. If it is contrary to the sharia (law) and laws of Allah, then turn to Allah and seek refuge because the understanding of truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa) within you should reject the wrong evil thought (batil waswas). One should make Iblis give up hope.
When you do not bring them an ayat (in accord with their desires), they say, ‘Why have you not contrived it?’ Say, ‘I only follow what is revealed (wahy) to me from my Rabb. This Al-Quran Al-Karim brings you insights (basirat) from your Rabb. See, the eyes open and the eyes of the heart shines due to Al-Quran Al-Karim.
“This Al-Quran Al-Karim is a guidance (hidayat) and mercy (rahmat) for a people who believe (iman).”
Islam, the Quran, and Hz. Muhammad are manifestations of Allah’s mercy (rahmat).
Thus, beloved friends, let us continue.
Time Stamp: 31:20
Hodja recites the 204th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Hodja recites the 203rd verse of Surah al-A’raf .
After saying the 203rd verse, let us see what Janâb-i Haqq says in the 204th verse.
“When the Quran is recited, pay attention and listen quietly, that you may receive mercy (rahmat).”
In this verse Janâb-i Haqq commands the following.
Hodja recites the 204th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq commands us to listen to Al-Quran Al-Karim by keeping quiet and paying attention, and says it is hoped that we may receive mercy (rahmat).
Hodja recites the 205th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq commands the following in this verse of the Quran: “Remember your Rabb in your heart with humility and awe, without raising your voice, in the mornings and in the evenings, and do not be among the unwary.”
Hodja recites a well-known prayer (dua) in Arabic.
Hodja recites a well-known prayer (dua) in Arabic.
Do not stop mentioning your Rabb by your tongue and by your heart even for a moment, and always keep your Rabb in mind, and know that you are at the Rabb’s command and presence because the Rabb sees us at all times, and is closer to us than ourselves. Do not forget! Do not forget, and do not be one of the heedless. Be among the muhsin (benevolent) who live the high-degree of ihsan (benevolence) with the deepest love and respect to Allah, in the presence of Allah. Do not ever forget that Allah sees you, and that you are in the presence of Allah. Worship (ibadat) Allah by knowing that Allah sees you, because surely Allah sees us.
Hodja recites the 206th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “Surely, those who are with your Rabb are never arrogant to worship Allah. They proclaim Allah’s purity, and glorify Allah’s praise, and utter the glory of Allah. They always remember (dhikr) Allah’s most exalted praise, and they prostrate themselves (sajdah) only before Allah.”
See, servitude (qulship) and prostration (sajdah) is only for to Allah (c.c.).
Hodja recites the 5th verse of Surah al-Fatihah .
Do not forget. Do not ever forget these! We solely and exclusively worship to Allah. We ask every help only from Allah, and expect help only from Allah.
Time Stamp: 36:10
– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 302
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
The lessons of the life-giving light (nūr) continues with the goal of being helpful to people, to guide (irshad), to teach the lessons of immortal life-style and eternal bliss of Holy Islam with the schooling of it as well as the holy laws and commands of Almighty Allah who guarantees the immortal life. Beloved friends, our lectures continue with the discovery notes of the holy verses whose meanings we have given earlier. We are now at the 171st verse of Surah al-A’raf , and our notes will continue until the end.
Al-Zamakhsharī, Abū Ḥayyān, and Ebussuud Efendi said the following in regards to the 172nd verse, “Allah laid out the evidence before their eyes, and obtained a symbolic promise.” As for a narration that comes from Ibn-i Abbas, a scholar (âlim), a bad scholar (âlim) is mentioned in the 175th verse. Ibn-i Abbas says this âlim is someone called Balam bin Baura. Ibn-i Abbas says he even knew ism-i azam (the greatest name). Such a shame that he used his knowledge (ilm) for evil, and been together with false deities (taghuts) and kings. He sold himself to the kings and procured position and chair, he abandoned the religion, and he incurred Allah’s wrath and rage. In a narration that comes from Ibn Masud, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain, Hz. Musa (a.s.) had sent him as an envoy, and he took bribe and converted to the religion of the king. This narration is under record in Tehsîl. The side that an âlim should take is only the side of Allah Ta’ala. That is the side of Hz. Muhammad the Prophet, the glorious Quran, knowledge (ilm), and learning (irfan). The side of the âlim is truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa).
As for the âlims like Balam, they side with the false deities (taghut), and procure position and chair, and income. They do not convey correct knowledge to humanity, but be sub-contractors and satellites of someone. They convey the message of whomever bribes them, and that is how they will spread whatever they want. This is treachery to knowledge (ilm), faith (iman), and truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa). He would be betraying those who consider him an âlim. Our notes will continue in this matter as the occasion arises. Now, another word that is mentioned is natk. That is natk. Now, let me give you a short discovery note in this regard. Hz. Muhammad (asw) said the following in a hadith-i sharif narrated by Ibn Majah.
Hodja recites the original text of the hadith.
Time Stamp: 5:00
This is said in a hadith-i sharif narrated from our beloved prophet. As you know, in Islam marriage is a most sacred establishment. The most valuable bounty in the world is marriage. The place in the world where bliss brims over is marriage, and family. The religion of Islam has placed family in a very strict environment of safety, and secured the substructure and superstructure of marriage with Islamic rules. The marriages done without having knowledge of the Islamic rules do not bring happy results. Faith (iman), good deeds (amal-e-saleh), and good morals (akhlaq) are Islamic rules which constitute the substructure of marriage and all its rules, and make those who get married construct character, and we should not forget that people need to have a completely Islamic character. People should reach to adolescence and make a good marriage and attain perfection (kamal) by building themselves an Islamic personality and build the necessities of personality and the necessities of their soul before their souls (nafs) and desires get worked up. The following had been said by our Prophet in regards to this matter in the following hadith-i sharif: “Try to marry virgins because their wombs are more charming, and their mouths are cleaner, and they are the ones who content themselves with less.” There is a hadith-i sharif like that. Naturally, that being the general structure of the virgins, this hadith-i sharif does not mean there are no perfect and good people among widows. Good women are always good. That said, after pointing this out, Janâb-i Haqq raised the mountain over Bani Israil. Janâb-i Haqq says, “We plucked the mountain and held it above them.” And they prostrated themselves. Ilcai, to obtain a covenant by force. A narration says they did not draw near to the provisions (hukm) of the Torah because they were burdensome. See, your rebellion will increase when you do not approach the verses (ayat) and provisions (hukm) of Allah are burdensome. The calamities that shall befall you also increase as your rebellion increases. In here, Janâb-i Haqq is showing the attitude of Children of Israel against Musa and the Torah to humanity as an example. Janâb-i Haqq is reminding us of this so that we may not do what they did, and do not object to the provisions (hukm) of Al-Quran Al-Karim and/or the laws and rules of the sharia (law) of Islam. They all prostrated (sajdah) on their left eyebrows when they saw the mountain. And they were looking at the mountain with their right eyes, and the Jews claimed this prostration (sajdah) saved them with the fear of mountain falling over them. When we look at the 63rd verse of Surah al-Baqarah  and the 145th verse of Surah al-Nisa , we are presented the many documents of the past that are enlightening and real.
Now, gravitational force may change and the worlds may deorbit. Earthquakes may happen and volcanoes may erupt. Alam al-Jabarut and Al-Malakut are all under the rulership (idara) and will (irada) of Allah.
Time Stamp: 10:10
The worlds are under the rulership and management of Allah, nobody should forget that. Omnipotence (qudrah), grandeur (a’zamat), and exaltedness all belong to Allah (c.c.). The forces of nature and the rules of religion are certainly works of the divine will (ilahi irada). Warnings invite people to piety (ittiqa). Renounce rebellion and obey Allah, that is why you are being called to obedience to the Real (al-Haqq), and reminds you of the thraldom and eternal punishment. O humanity! Allah has made you a witness over yourself. Almighty Allah made you witness yourself. Do not forget that! Allah gave you a sort of beginning of the consciousness that is beyond the self. Allah gave you an innate nature and soul of witnessing (şuhūd) and testimony (shadada). “Am I not your only owner (malik), murabbi (educator), creator (khaliq), and judge (hakim), and the One who raised you and fed you?” That is what Allah asked. This question made them confess (iqrar) the hitab al-nafs. They also accepted the education (tarbiya) and entrustment. Where? The covenant and addressing is in, “أَلَسْتَ بِرَبِّكُمْ”. There wasn’t any denial or obstinacy back then; there wasn’t any denial or obstinacy with anyone. The descendants were taken from their loins, and there is a witnessing that is beyond the self; by reason (aql), cognizance (idraq), understanding, narrating, will (irada), and by free choice they all bowed down only to the command and law of Allah, and they sought help and support only from Allah. We see an offer and acceptance here. So, what did Janâb-i Haqq do through mercy (rahmat), grandeur (a’zamat), and majesty? In qālū balā, they all said “balā” in the face of Allah’s grandeur (a’zamat) and majesty. That is, they said yes. Still, some news state there were souls that were strained to say yes in the face of grandeur (a’zamat), and majesty. In a narration that is recorded by Omer Nasuhi Bilmen, it is said that these souls broke their words later. So, at that time they all said “balā” meaning they said yes. They all pledged their servitude to Allah with an innate covenant (fıtr-i akit). You see, the whole of humankind gave a promise to Allah, and a covenant has been made between the servants (qul) and Allah. This replication in qālū balā is the beginning of religiousness of innate treaty (fıtr i misaq). It is also the kernel of civilization, social life, morals (akhlaq), and law (huquq). The theories of unanimous answer, social agreement, and social soul (ruh) have been taken from here. Among our valuable authors (muallif), Muhammed Hamdi Yazir, rahmatullahi alayh, also used these succinct expressions, and depicted the matter through a symbolic expression and figure of speech along with objective and subjective evidence. See the 11st verse of Surah Fussilat  where the compliance to the command is expressed in a figurative manner. “This is an actual treaty,” which is also the view of the kalamists.
Time Stamp: 15:51
The creation is also a proof of the existence of the Rabb because the creatures are manifest signs of the existence of the creator, and the omnipotence (qudrah) and grandeur (a’zamat) of Allah because the works reflect the author. That is why the author is deduced from the work. That is, from the work to the author and vice versa.
Şuhūd-i nafs is inner longing and inner observation, and to hear the inside. This is called şuhūd-i nafs. That is to hear your heart, the mental capacity of acknowledging, divine discernment which is an acknowledgement beyond the self. This is a central instinct within the innate nature (fitrah) of the self (nafs).
Then again, just like our valuable authors (muallif) have written, that is the existence of the influence of the higher being. That is not about incarnation (hulul), unity (ittihad), rather a certain ilm (knowledge) that is inferential. Then again, this is also the view of the kalamists. Those who resist their own conscience with denial and disbelief are those whose innate natures (fitrah) are broken, and they are those who break the covenant by utterance and action. Pay attention to this! Those who resist their own conscience with denial and disbelief are those whose innate natures (fitrah) are broken, and they are those who break the covenant by utterance and action. Which covenant? That is, they are those who break the promise they have given to Allah. Today, those who stand against the Quran, those who stand against Muhammad, and those who stand against the true and real laws of Islam and the supremacy of law (huquq) are those who have been distorted. See, Auguste Comte is a French person who talks about three states here, and by mentioning these three states he also narrates how he got distorted himself as well. He mentions a divine or ilahi period and a supernatural period. Do you see? He also says, natural period. He announces that his own innate nature (fitrah) has been distorted. That is, he announces that this innate nature (fitrah) has been distorted in him. He unjustly compares people with himself, and this comparison belongs to him, it has nothing to do with humankind. That is about those who have been distorted.
All periods are of Allah. The azal and abad (eternity) of all nature and everything has been created by Allah. He announces that this innate nature (fitrah) has been distorted in himself by classifying as “divine era, supernatural era, and natural era.” That is, he is trying to portray the existence of Allah as unnecessary. Never, never in ever! This is such a misfortune because you see where people like him are going where they could lead people to knowledge (ilm) and faith (iman). Taraqqi (development) and takāmul (spiritual evolution) are in the growth of the innate nature (fitrah), not in its distortion. See, taraqqi (development) and takāmul (spiritual evolution) are in the growth of the innate nature (fitrah), not in its distortion.
Hodja recites a part of the 59th verse of Surah Maryam .
“Then they were succeeded by degenerate generations.”
See, this is how the regression begun, they were succeeded by a degenerate generation. Thus, regression begun. Marifatullah is a takwīn-i (bringing into being) and a command related verbal covenant (kelâmi misaq).
Time Stamp: 21:11
Marifatullah is a taqwin related covenant (misaq), and a command related covenant (misaq), and an utterance (kalam) related covenant (misaq). What does marifatullah mean? That is when we meet Allah when we were created, and our covenant with Almighty Allah, and our ahd-e-misaq (agreement and covenant) are marifatullah. So, where shall you go by denying Allah? O those who deny Allah! Is there anywhere else to go except the depths of jahannam (hell) for you? Islam came to save them as well. Al-Quran Al-Karim and Hz. Muhammad calls to them, “They think their own mischievous thoughts are true knowledge (ilm).
Knowledge (ilm) is that which introduces a person to Allah, or marifatullah for short. People who possess knowledge (ilm) and learning (irfan) are those who attain marifatullah in the command of Allah Ta’ala who also discover the laws of nature, cosmological signs (kevni ayat), and the verses of the Book (ayat) while discovering the universe. The knowledge (ilm) of those who deny Allah are useless, even the Shaitan did not deny Allah. Yes, he objected to Allah’s command but he did not deny Allah. He became the Shaitan because he objected to the command. Today, people who overtake the Shaitan, who can do more deviltry than the devil, who are even able to be a manager or a philosopher over the Shaitan have come into existence. May Allah protect the humanity from their evil. Islam is the all-embracing mercy (rahmat) of Allah which is beginningless (azali) and everlasting (abadi), and it is also the manifestation of Allah’s mercy (rahmat). Almighty Allah has encompassed the whole of humankind with mercy (rahmat) through Hz. Muhammad, Islam, and the Quran, and manifested. The bliss of all the worlds are within Islam. Islam is the true religion (haqq din) of Allah, and it incorporates beginningless (azali) and endless (abadi) laws. It is also a religion (din) that has been brought forth with the superiority of truth (haqq) and law (huquq). That is why beloved friends, the marifatullah here is by spiritual utterance, it is a covenant, not literal. Meaning, it also points to the one that is with spiritual utterance. This is a real aqd (agreement) and misaq (covenant); a treaty. Pay attention! This is an agreement contract (aqd) with Almighty Allah. This is a real covenant (misaq) with Almighty Allah. This is a real treaty done between the servants (qul) and Almighty Allah. This is, qālū balā. See, many people accepted this agreement and covenant (ahd-e-misaq) when they were created in the loins of their fathers while they were still small particles. So, some say that this ahd-e-misaq (agreement and covenant) had taken place when they were created in the loins of their fathers the small sperms in the semen have uttered while they were small particles.
Time Stamp: 25:40
See the 14th verse of Surah al-Mu’minun  where we see that opinion does not suit this verse in a literal aspect. How does one consider a small sperm a human being? Let us think for a second. The covenant or misaq has been done when we were taken from the loins of Adam, this is a hadith-i sharif. The covenant or misaq has been done when we were taken from the loins of Adam, this is what we see in hadith-i sharif.
Allah Ta’ala took out the descendants of Adam that shall be created until the Hour (qiyamah) from his loins and told them, “Am I not your Rabb?” They said, qālū balā. They said, “Yes, You are our Rabb.” On that day the Pen of Taqdeer wrote everything that shall happen until the Hour (qiyamah) and finished it.
Hodja recites the original text of it.
That is, all the humans that shall be created until the Hour (qiyamah) have been written with the descendants that are taken from the loins of Adam, and it has all been decreed (taqdeer). From then on, reproduction became a divine law in humans. This news is present in Kashf-ul-Hafā. The hadith-i sharif says, “taken from the loins of Adam.”
Hodja recites the original text of the quote.
As for the verse of the Quran, it says this.
Hodja recites a part of the 172nd verse of Surah al-A’raf .
“Your Rabb has taken the descendants from the loins of Children of Adam, and made them bear witness over themselves.”
The hadith-i sharif narrates us the beginning of the covenant (misaq). As for the verse of the Quran, it narrates us how this occurred in each generation, and the covenant (misaq) had begun from the loins of Adam, and people’s own covenant (misaq) had begun when they were in the loins of their own fathers. Islam is to bow down to the divine decrees (ilahi hukm) and to confess and declare the oneness of Almighty Allah and that Allah is the Rabb. Kâ’b el-Kurazî says the spiritual covenant (ruh-i misaq) in the hadith is the covenant (misaq) of all of humankind along with Adam. Then again, Kâ’b el-Kurazî says that the covenant (misaq) in the hadith is a spiritual covenant (ruh-i misaq). That is, it is the covenant (misaq) of all the spirits (ruh). In this news he also says that this is the covenant (misaq) of the whole of humankind as well as Adam himself. Besides, our current topic is discovery notes. The lessons of the life-giving light (nūr) with the discovery notes of the sacred verses of the glorious Quran shall continue in regards to both narrations (riwayat) and comprehensions (dirayat); these are the life lessons of the unfading nūr that shall shed light for eternity.
Time Stamp: 30:01
The verse of the Quran rejects metempsychosis (tanasuh) and reincarnation. Tanasuh has been rejected in Islam as well as ittihad (unity) and imtizaj (coalescence). A narration that comes from Ibn ‚Atiyya says that it is puberty. The pronouns in the phrase, “and made them testify over themselves,” reduces to descendants. Complete and perfect, descendant. Kid, to take, ıstıfa-i baligh, meaning the selection of the adolescent. To unite. Or, it had begun from the ahiz, and became complete in işhat.
They promised servitude in the time of adolescence by reducing the pronouns to Bani Adam. That is, the news that come from Ibn ‚Atiyya suggest that is in fact the time to fulfil. Then again, a pathfinder of ours along with many commentators of tafsir are also present here.
It has begun when it falls on the mother’s womb. Alaq, meaning a clot of blood, and mutga which is when it turns into meat, and hizam which is when it turns into bone, and when the spirit (ruh) is blown to it, it becomes a child with its own spirit (ruh) and its own body, thus it becomes a human child.
In usul al-fiqh, it is said that legal competence begins with this covenant (misaq). In usul al-fiqh, the legal competence begins with this covenant (misaq). Thus, maturity begins with adolescence. The obligations begin with adolescence. The first one is the right to life, and it is a crime to even have a miscarriage, and blood money (diyāt) is required. Inheritance is valid to the embryo in the mother’s womb. Possessions (tasarruf) are valid until adolescence if it is for the benefit of them. Even azil is makruh (disliked). In puberty, people say, „I am me.“ See, a person who reaches puberty will say, „I am me.“ He will be inundated with bounty and pleasure.
A person who reaches adolescence has a right to say the possessions are his or hers. They are overwhelmed with nimet-i zevk, and they submit to Almighty Allah and the provisions (hukm) of Allah. That is, they acknowledge Almighty Allah, and submit to Almighty Allah and the provisions of Almighty Allah. From then on, they only submit to the provisions (hukm) of Almighty Allah Ta’ala, and bear witness. But bear witness to what? They bear witness that their Rabb has created themselves, and they themselves are servants (qul) of Allah, and they acknowledge the whole of haqq and huquq (truth and law) along with sacred values that Almighty Allah has offered them wholeheartedly, and they also confess (iqrar) it by their tongues, and prove that through their servitude to Almighty Allah. The 18th verse of Surah al-A’raf  says, “Allah, angels, and those who possess intellect (aql) witness.”
So, “ʾa-lastu bi-rabbikum” in qālū balā, is for attesting. Also, at the same time, in this matter, what did Janâb-i Haqq do? Allah made the servants (qul) bear witness, thus the servants (qul) witnessed that the Rabb of the creation and foremost humankind is Allah. That is why today there are people who can spiritually feel and know that witnessing in qālū balā, this has been seen and heard. That is why those who follow their desires, meaning those who abandon the religion are those who broke their promise they have given that day; they abandoned the religion and were degraded. Such a shame that they inflicted evil unto themselves.
Among the scholars of Israil, Belam ibn Ebir, and Belam ibn Baura of the Canaanites, and of the Arabs, Umeyye ibn Ebi’s-Salt Sakafi… Only Belam’s prayers (dua) were accepted. These people who portrayed themselves as âlims have done the contrary of the necessity of knowledge (ilm). They did the opposite of its necessity. They backed the tyrants. They did not side with the truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa). They did not side with justice, rather they backed the tyrants. These âlims whose names are mentioned are examples of evil âlims in every era. The âlims who side with the unjust (zalim) and false gods (taghut) in every era are not humankind’s friends. Such evil scholars either side with themselves or the Pharaoh. Or, they themselves burst in rage. Among them there were some who wanted to declare their own prophethood. Prophethood is not at someone’s sweet will, rather it happens through Allah’s choice. It is Allah who chooses the Prophet, not anyone else. There is also Abu Amr who was a priest. This Abu Amr was a priest in the Era of Bliss, which is the period of our Prophet. He is the pioneer of a mentality that had demolished Masjid al-Dirar, that tried to destroy Hz. Muhammad and all the Muslims by seeking the aid of superpowers, and he was annihilated within that evil mentality. He had incurred Allah’s wrath and rage. Janâb-i Haqq likened these evil scholars to the parable of a dog. Let’s see what Allah says. “If you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he does the same.” They are the lowest example of a dog. Janâb-i Haqq figuratively likened these evil scholars to a dog, and has given such an example.
The 5th verse of Surah al-Baqarah  makes mention of those with seal on their hearts. Just take a look at the example of those who fall from ahsan al-taqwim (ultimate pattern of creation) to asfal al-sāfilīn (lowest of the low). Humankind has been created with ahsan al-taqwim, which means the ultimate pattern. Humankind has been created in the most valuable and best form. The heavens and the earth and their contents, including the janna (paradise) have been created for humankind. Humans are elevated through Islam. Islam elevates them and makes them attain the pleasure (riza) and beauty (jamal) of Allah, and in the end, they reach the ultimate meaning (wuslat). They find the immortal life. Islam elevates humans non-stop, and raises them up to the highest place in janna, or illiyin for short. It was when they denied Islam, faith (iman), the truth (haqq), Allah and the true laws of Allah, Allah’s legal system (huquq), and the supremacy of law (huquq) that they fall into asfal al-sāfilīn (lowest of the low).
Time Stamp: 40:09
So, where is asfal al-sāfilīn? That is the lowest place of jahannam (hell). Is this not a pity? There is the highest place in janna (illiyin), and the beginningless (azali) and endless (abadi) mercy (rahmat) of Allah encompasses all the worlds. Why do you go to disbelief (kufr) and deny the truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa) and Allah, and go to asfal al-sāfilīn? Why do you choose being struck by Allah’s wrath and punishment? Why are you serving yourself (nafs), or some other created makhluq, or pharaohs slavishly? Why are you serving a servant slavishly? Aren’t you ruining yourself? Janâb-i Haqq is announcing these, and Almighty Allah already knew all these through the beginningless knowledge (azali ilm). It is not a coincidence that people who are insensitive to the truth (haqq) go to asfal al-sāfilīn (lowest of the low), it is when their hearts are sealed up against faith (iman) because they seal up their own hearts with disbelief (kufr). See, their own earnings lead to their hearts being sealed up.
They consider istidraj is profit. What is istidraj? It is the name of a gradual destruction through being spoiled with bounty. At first, the person is overwhelmed with bounty. Then, he obtains a position and chair through wrong (batil), disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), and hypocrisy (nifaq), and he will have a lot of accomplishments. These accomplishments may be in regards to technique, technology, and he may have accomplishments in many areas. So, if he is walking on the path of disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), and injustice (zulm), then this person is surely spoilt by the bounties that he has, and these accomplishments lead to his destruction in the end. That is istidraj.
In a work written by Baydawi, it is said that Allah seized the unjust (zalim) suddenly. Now, this news has been recorded by Bukhari and Muslim Sharif as well. See, it says that Almighty Allah seized the unjust (zalim) suddenly. Therefore, regardless of the position and chair of the unjust (zalim), or which powers may he possess, what does Allah do to the unjust (zalim) when it is due? Allah seized him suddenly. The positions that are procured by the unjust (zalim) are istidraj. One can’t become blissful through injustice and zulm. Zulm is istidraj, which destroys the person. Even if they are in the possession of all the armies on the planet, those who act upon injustice (zulm) are seized by the wrath and rage of Allah suddenly, and are thrown into the lowest place in jahannam (hell). No matter who you are, give up injustice (zulm), and give up disbelief (kufr) and polytheism (shirk). Stop attacking the truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa). Everything that is brought forth by Almighty Allah is truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa), and foremost among these are Al-Quran Al-Karim, Hz. Muhammad, and Holy Islam. We see that Holy Islam embraces pre-eternity (azal) and eternity (abad). We also see that the faith (iman) of Islam is universal, and that all prophets are encompassed by the faith (iman) of Islam. We also see that all holy books are encompassed by the faith (iman) of Islam. Islam is universal and it encompasses pre-eternity (azal) and eternity (abad); and it is the name of the holy truths (haqiqa) that Allah brought forth. Islam is the name of the holy laws. Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq says in the 23rd verse of Surah al-Anbiya .
Hodja recites a part of the 23rd verse of Surah al-Anbiya .
Time Stamp: 45:06
Everyone is responsible from what they have done. However, Almighty Allah is not. There is no one who can question Allah. That said, Allah does not do wrong or flawed things since Allah is free and away from deficiency and inability. Allah is ascribed with holy attributes (sifāt), and is free and away from all imperfect attributes (sifāt). One does not look for deficiencies in Allah, nor is there any deficiency with Allah. Deficiencies are in servants (qul), so are flaws, and the sins, and wrongdoings. There is no flaws with Allah. That is why the blessing (nimat) of Islam, regarding which Allah Ta’ala said, “I have perfected for you your religion,” has been personally perfected by Allah. There are no flaws in Islam or the Quran. There are no flaws in Hz. Muhammad either. So, who has flaws? It is with humanity that does not acknowledge the Real (al-Haqq). It is with those who do not accept the truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa). Allah is the Real (al-Haqq), and Allah’s laws are huquq (law), the supremacy of law (huquq) is the supremacy of the laws of Allah. That which does not rely to the Real (al-Haqq) is not true or real. In order for something to be true (haqq), or for a religion (din) to be the true religion (haqq din), it must rely on the Real (al-Haqq). That is why Holy Islam is the true religion (haqq din). Janâb-i Haqq says “din al-haqq” in Al-Quran Al-Karim. That said, since the creation of humankind the religion (din) of all prophets since Adam has only been the religion (din) of Islam, that is the only one. Their fundamentals (amantu) is the same. As for the sharias (laws), they came by changing, and they were renewed personally by Allah. The servants (qul) do not change the sharia (law), nor can they abrogate (naskh) one. Almighty Allah personally renews the sharias (laws), and with the last sharia (law) of Islam, Almighty Allah personally renewed the past, and assigned Muhammad for duty. As for Al-Quran Al-Karim, it is the constitution of this Islam, and it is a true document which is beginningless (azali) and eternal (abadi). It is also light (nūr), and it calls all humanity to light (nūr). It calls to Allah, and to the immortal life. That is why the name of these lessons are the lessons of the immortal life-giving light (nūr). That is, the immortal life-lessons of the light (nūr) of the Quran. When we thoroughly understand and comprehend Islam, Al-Quran Al-Karim, the truth and rights (haqq wa huquq), and the supremacy of law (law) with their original (asl’i) documents, we will begin to be beneficial towards one another. Is there something better than that? What is best is what Allah calls best, what Allah calls truth and reality. This has been brought forth through Al-Quran Al-Karim, Islam, and Hz. Muhammad.
As for wujud or body, there is a body here without conscience or cognizance. There are so many people who have bodies; bodies that look like sculptures. However, when you look at them, they have no conscience or cognizance. They call the religion (din) a fantasy, and attack Allah. They try to consider the realities that Allah called truths as if they are wrongs, and they call the religion (din) a fantasy, and claim the true religion (haqq din) that is Islam and its Book is just a play. They call the verses/signs (ayat) music. There are people who claim these, and they are not even aware who they are worshipping.
Time Stamp: 49:58
They are after fancy, shape, picture, voice; a name without an owner. See, they know nothing of the truth; they do not even know what they worship. They worship many idols, and they deny Allah, most they do not know what they worship. That said, many of them turn their hearts into idols for they knowingly worship idols, and they take good pleasure in worshipping idols. There is no knowing the truth for them, there is only fancy; they look at shapes, pictures, and voices. They are after a name without an owner, they ascribe various partners with Allah. They mention Allah with names that do not suit the glory of Almighty Allah. Besides, Almighty Allah has named oneself with the name Allah. The name Allah (a.s.) is the name of Allah’s person (dhat). Allah is sole (ahad), and one (wahid) in regards to person (dhat) and attributes (sifāt). Almighty Allah is the ahad and wahid being. Almighty Allah is possessor of jalal (glory), jamal (beauty), and perfection (kamal). Allah has zaati, subuti, salbi, de facto (fiili), and manawi names. Allah’s name reflect Allah’s attributes (sifāt). Allah is the possessor of the names (ism) and sifāt (sifāt) through grandeur (a’zamat). Allah’s name (c.c.) incorporates all within itself. That is, it incorporates all divine names. There is no equals or comparables of the name Allah. Allah’s name has no equals or comparables just like its owner has no equals or comparables. Just as Almighty Allah has no equals or comparables, Allah’s name has no equals or comparables. Ilhad is those who commit sacrilege, it is said you should abandon them, and also abandon the deniers (mulhid), and stay away from the acts of ilhad (sacrilege), and abandon the deniers (mulhid). The phrases Bedouin uses such as “the father” or “the white-faced” are also ilhad (sacrilege). The Bedouin refer to Allah as father or the white-faced. Allah has no aspects that resemble the servants (qul). Allah has no aspects that resemble the creation (makhluq). Allah has no aspects that resemble anything. That is why we cannot use any name that does not suit the glory of Allah in the name of Allah unless Almighty Allah ascribes oneself with those names (ism) or attributes (sifāt). The phrases Bedouin uses such as “the father” or “the white-faced” are ilhad (sacrilege). They say, “god of music,” or “god of youth,” and they even use phrases like “god of football,” these phrases are nothing but ilhad (sacrilege). There is no god specifically for anything, there is no god besides Allah. Those who refer to Almighty Allah Ta’ala as God of this or God of that are ascribing partners with Allah, which is practicing polytheism (shirk). Even if this is said in a metaphorical manner, these are non-permissible acts of ilhad (sacrilege). Besides, giving names to idols such as al-Lat, al-Uzza, or al-Aziz is also ilhad (sacrilege). The idolaters used to give such names to their idols. That said, every era has its unnamed idols and idolatry. That is why Ibn-i Abbas, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain, says: “With reference to the promise given in qālū balā, when Janâb-i Haqq said, ‘Am I not your Lord?’ had they said “naeam – نعم” instead of qālū balā, they would have all been disbelievers (kāfir).” Pay attention! This is about the 172nd verse, and Ibn-i Abbas is among the greatest Islamic scholars (âlim) of the companions (sahabah), and he has shined out also in tafsir scholarship (ilm). Almighty Allah has 99 names. Allah has 99 names. “Allah has many names, but whoever memorizes all 99 of these names and ponder on their meaning and believe (iman) and do deeds (amal) as is due will enter janna (paradise).” There is a hadith-i sharif like this, which is from Bukhari Sharif and Muslim Sharif. That is why among of the best ways of getting to know Almighty Allah are the certain evidence which is Al-Quran Al-Karim, Hz. Muhammad, and the names (ism), attributes (sifāt), and works of Allah.
Time Stamp: 56:50
True religion (din) and faith (iman) do not come about unless one becomes acquainted with Almighty Allah as is due. Then again, let me give you another discovery note in regards to the matter of istidraj (gradual destruction). Istidraj is to elevate and demote gradually, it is to lead one gradually up only to throw him down into a calamity in the end. They think this is a taraqqi (progress), and assume that the cliff is a grace (lutf). Istidraj is like a cliff. Istidraj is a calamity, and it is utter destruction. Istidraj is to be elevated in the evil way. That is istidraj. What do they think about it? They think it is a progress (taraqqi), and a grace (lutf). Yet it is neither a progress (taraqqi) nor a grace (lutf), rather, istidraj is to progress in the evil path only to be destroyed in the end. That is why their arrogance and pride increases. That is, people of istidraj become arrogant and proud. Their arrogance and pride increases, and they are struck by the most painful and worst punishment. Its inner face is nothing but suffering and wrath. Keyt is a trick, game, and method of suffering. This is not absolutely compulsory, rather a choice made by the free will. The person chooses istidraj by his own free will and advances on that path, and gets the requital of his work. Is it possible to plant injustice and harvest justice? Today, is it possible to plant disbelief (kufr) and harvest belief (iman)? The unjust (zalim) gets the requital of his injustice (zulm) as istidraj since he advanced on the evil path, and in the end, he gets destroyed regardless of his position or chair.
Beloved friends, in a narration that comes from Hasan Qatada it is said that Quraysh mad rather well as our Prophet (asw) conveyed (tabligh) him Al-Quran Al-Karim, and as he narrated and recites it to him. Just like there are names of others who are mentioned in the sources of this news, Al-Suyuti has also has written these down. We should take a good look at the power of the sultanate that creates and manages the worlds and Al-Malakut, and the godly (rabbani) order. Every single creature, individually and as a whole are both the signs and the book. That is why beloved friends, we should take a good look at the rabbani order. In the rabbani order, every single creature, and the whole of all creatures are both proof and a book. This universe that we see is filled to the brim with cosmological signs (kevni ayat), thus it is a cosmological book. Universe is filled to the brim with cosmological laws, there are so many laws even in a single leaf, or a flower. This goes for every living thing, and every creation (makhluq). Just take a look at the laws of water for example; Janâb-i Haqq has ordained (taqdeer) water. Also, look at the laws of air and see how they were ordained. See the chemistry of soil for example, and how it has been ordained. All things including leaves, grass, herbs, even galaxies; this also includes what is below ground and in the heavens. The laws and sovereignty of Almighty Allah manifest. The universe is filled to the brim with textual signs (ayat), and it is a book. It is a cosmological (kevni) book.
Time Stamp: 1:02:00
As for Al-Quran Al-Karim, it is a set of pre-prepared true laws that have been presented to humankind in the form of textual verses (ayat). So, humankind should work hard to discover both textual laws (kitābi) and the cosmological laws (kevni). Our Prophet would supplicate in a hadith-i sharif narrated by Ahmad ibn Hanbali by saying the following. There is a supplication of our beloved Prophet where he said, “O my Allah! I ask from You for the sake of all Your Names that You have chosen for Yourself in regards to the unseen knowledge (ghaib ilm) that is with You, or that You have given to Yourself.”
Hisil ibn Ebi Kuşeyr among the Jews, and people like Semi-ul ibn Zeyd would ask our Prophet (asw) about the Hour (qiyamah). These verses of the Quran were revealed at that time according to a narration written by Al-Suyuti. Which verses? These are about 182nd to 188th verses. Janâb-i Haqq would say, “Heavens and earth cannot endure its severity.” That is, neither the heavens nor the earth can endure the severity of the Hour (qiyamah). Other verses came that said, “As for its knowledge (ilm), it is with Allah.”
The discovery notes of the other verses of the Quran are as follows: At first, Janâb-i Haqq created Adam, and then created you from him. That is nafs al-wahidah, meaning Janâb-i Haqq created a unique soul, which was Adam. That said, the forefather of every tribe is a separate Adam.” Now pay attention to this! As for that of Quraysh, it was kusay.” Allah created Hawwa, who was the female, from him. You see, Janâb-i Haqq created our mother Hawwa from the structure of our father Adam. Pay attention to this! Janâb-i Haqq is al-Qadir (All-Able) over all methods of creation, this is just like Allah created the universe from nothing. See the laws of nature that Janâb-i Haqq has placed, humans reproduce from the females in the laws of reproduction. But this is completely contrary to the law of production that Alllah placed in nature. Janâb-i Haqq created Hawwa from Adam, meaning the female from the male. Janâb-i Haqq is al-Qadir (All-Able). Al-Quran Al-Karim is Allah’s Book. Now, let us see what Allah says in the 204th verse, “This is My Book, listen to it and be silent.” It is an obligation (fard) to keep quiet and listen to it because it is the utterances (kalam) of Allah, and conveys us the lessons of the eternal and immortal life, and it saves us, it is a saviour.
Time Stamp: 1:06:25
Al-Quran Al-Karim itself is the guide of eternal bliss. That is why we should seek refuge in Janâb-i Haqq. We should both seek refuge and perform jihad. It is necessary to ask help from Allah by performing jihad. Actual prayer (fiili dua) is that which is done through jihad. If there is not an actual prayer (dua) next to verbal prayer (dua) then it is not a real prayer (dua). That said, the news brought forth by Ibn Arabi suggest that there is a narration that says there are 1000 names of Almighty Allah. Naturally, the number of the names of Allah is known only to Almighty Allah. That said, these most exalted and best names are names of Allah (c.c.).
“What would you do if a shaitan or a dog had attacked you?”
Now, this question has been asked, naturally, it would be easier for you if you ask help from the owner of the herd. That is, he says you should seek refuge in Allah.
Someone from the salaf asked his student. A person from Salafi Salih asks one of his students, “What would you do if a shaitan or a dog had attacked you?”
And the student says, “I would do jihad.”
Then, the Salaf says to his student, “Allah is the possessor of all the herds in the worlds (i.e., alamin). So, seek refuge in Allah. Take your precautions as well, but it is Allah who makes you take all precautions, and the power, opportunity, and causes that lead you to take measure are also created by Allah. Do not forget this! If you say you will be saved if you take measure, then never forget that the one who creates the measures and the causes are also Allah! You should resolve upon what has been given to you for your duty as a servant (qul). However, try to fulfil your duty as a servant (qul) by putting your trust in Allah, and resolve upon this legitimate path. However, do not ever forget that tawfiq al-hidayat (right guidance) and success belong only to Allah! Janâb-i Haqq created a male and a female from a single soul. This is contrary to the uniformity that is in the nature. They are of the same root and kind, they are spouses.
See the 72nd verse of Surah al-Nahl , where Allah says, “Let them find intimacy, love, and comfort.” See, “Let them find intimacy, love, and comfort.”
This is present in the essential creation so that the entrustment with may decide on that, and that there may be harmony and peace.
Time Stamp: 1:10:17
So, what is in the essential creation? Janâb-i Haqq placed the intimacy and love between men and women, but why? That is so that they may find comfort in each other, and the entrustment therein shall decide on that, and that there may be harmony and peace. If there is a rage and hatred therein, then what has happened? It means the intimacy and love is gone. That said, hatred and anger have been considered even as ground for divorce. The female receives cellule and the progeny is loaded. Joy, cheer, haste, and concern is experienced during birth. Those who call this an event of nature have fallen into polytheism (shirk). The events of nature continue their existence by Allah’s own creation and management. That is why those who call this an event of nature by neglecting Allah have fallen into polytheism (shirk). There wasn’t any polytheism (shirk), people made it up themselves. Humankind fabricated it. Humankind themselves invented idols, fetishes, and etc. Allah has no equals or comparables, that is why idolatry is humankind’s own fabrication. Denial is also people’s own fabrication. That said, polytheism (shirk), hypocrisy (nifaq), injustice (zulm), evil-doings, and sins are people’s own earnings. What is original (asl-i) is faith (iman), good deeds (amal-e-saleh), mercy (rahmat), love, intimacy, and comfort along with all happiness. These are the essential (asl-i) things, and calamities come about when you overstep the bounds of truth (haqq) by abandoning all these. See the 19th verse of Surah Yunus . Humans were a single nation (ummah). They became servants (qul) of idols and polytheism (shirk), and in the end they ruined themselves. They gave themselves these names: “Abdüşşemş and Abdullat.” That is, they called one of the idols as şems which means the sun. They called another idol Abdullat, which means “Servant of Lat,” and names like Abdüşşemş which means “Servant of Şemş.” Also, names like Abduluzza, which meant “Servant of Uzza.” These are idol names, and it was like that in that era. That said, see the inclinations of those who worship someone other than Allah in this era, and see what they have taken as their Lord. See, there are so many servants of unnamed idols. There are so many servants of idols, and you may ask who they are. Actually, everyone who disacknowledge Allah, the realities that Allah brought forth, and/or the truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa) and law (huquq) that Allah brought forth are servants of someone whether they are aware of this or not. The helper, protector, and saviour is Almighty Allah.
See the 196th verse of Surah al-A’raf , “My guardian, helper, and saviour is Allah (c.c.).”
That is, ““My guardian, helper…”
Every person who believers and surrenders to Allah is a believer (mu’minun). Almighty Allah is the guardian (wali) over the servants (qul), and looks after them. Al-Zamakhsharī says, “Polytheists would adorn their idols with pearls and beads.” See, Al-Zamakhsharī has written that in his tafsir.
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The polytheists (mushrikun) would adorn their idols with pearls and beads, and take their pictures for god. That is the mentality of polytheists and idolaters. Revered figures like Mujahid, Hasan al-Basri, and Suddī, rahmatullahi alayhim ajmain, have said that the pronoun “hüm” which is mentioned in these verses is for disbelievers (kuffar). It is said that the loved ones of he who suffers gathers around him. See, the man is writhing and his loved ones are next to him, so are his doctors and pharmacists and the medicines, but pay attention because the man is sick and in pain. Nobody sees his pain, but they can only feel he is in pain. Yes, they are aware but nobody hears the pain he is suffering as it is, only the one who suffers it knows the pain, and nobody can help him and save him from the pain. Now, let’s say you brought all the idols the person who is suffering pain used to worship, and bring all the idols and sculptures of idols. Do they have any benefit when they are with the person who is suffering pain? Those doctors are with him, and so are his loved ones but they cannot do anything about it. So, his loved ones are standing there and there is nothing they can do to help, thus they stand there like idols. So, who sees his sufferings? Allah sees it. Allah sees and hears it. Thus, it becomes clear that someone other than Allah is batil or wrong in this matter. Such a moment comes when doctors, medicine, and loved ones cannot help at all. There is a power (qudrah) where they can’t help, there is an all-able power (qadīr qudrah). That is the omnipotence (qudrah) of Allah. So, seek refuge in the omnipotence (qudrah) of Allah. Take refuge in Allah so that you may not be left without help for eternity. Allah’s aid continues for eternity where all aids are futile. Allah’s aid continues for eternity where all abilities and powers become futile. If you have reason (Aql), then believe in Allah as is due, bow down to Allah, and be a good Muslim! Be forgiving, and observe toleration and what is easy. Take what is well-known (ma’ruf), necessary, good, and beneficial from the Book. Pay attention! Take what is well-known (ma’ruf), necessary, good, and beneficial from the Book. The urf (custom) is to do what is well-known (ma’ruf) that being what is necessary. Every work that is more beneficial than its absence is urf (custom). Therefore, it is said that you should take the urf. That is, that which whose goodness is known and accepted. This is an urf, every command should be in accord with urf. Not every urf requires a command, and not every custom is urf. One should be able to distinguish between right and wrong. One should be able to distinguish between what is beneficial and harmful, and notice the difference between haqq (right) and batil (wrong), and become a farooq (wise). Prohibition of bad habits that are forced to people by tyrants and such traditions, and improper things is required; not its command. Not every tradition or custom is urf since it fights with polytheism and idolatry. Also, not every urf is a tradition.
Now, about Meccan Surahs. What happened through the Meccan Surahs? What happened is public conscience and sharʿī urf (canonical urf). A public conscience has occurred, and sharʿī urf was established. So, after this public conscience and sharʿī urf are established, worships and commands were revealed through Medinan Surahs. They also removed oppression. Moral science (akhlaq ilm) and knowledge of law-making and management are broad in scope, meaning they are rooted, and the good morals that Almighty Allah has wanted from the servants (qul) has been established in the public conscience. That said, the range of that good and real morals is quite wide in regards to the knowledge of law-making and management, and it is very important.
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In the narration of Ahmad ibn Hanbali, “The most elevated of all fazilat (virtue) is for you to ask after someone who had cut ties with you, it is to show goodness (ihsan) against a person who left you deprived, and it is also to forgive the one who did you injustice (zulm),” he said. That is, our Prophet. This hadith has been narrated by Ahmad ibn Hanbali, rahmatullahi alayh.
“O Rabb! How can this be while the wrath has come true?” See, “O Rabb! How can this be while the wrath has been established?” What does the one who says say? The verses that say, “فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ” were coming. Figures like Al-Suyuti and Al-Alusi have written these.
One should take refuge in the aid and protection, but of whom? That is, of Almighty Allah. One should take refuge in the aid and protection of Almighty Allah. A person becomes ahlul farasat (men of discernment) through seeking refuge in Allah by his heart and tongue, and to see your own faults, and to see from where the gimmick of the Shaitan comes. That is why we should listen to the Real (al-Haqq). So, listen to the Real (al-Haqq) in order to see and feel from where the gimmick of the Shaitan comes. Meaning, you should listen to the Quran well, and understand it well. We should understand and study Al-Quran Al-Karim which gives us the lessons of this immortal life as is due. That is why people should never miss the lessons of those who narrate Al-Quran Al-Karim well.
No matter where you are in the world, keep quiet and listen to Al-Quran Al-Karim well. Staying silent leads to listening, and what is listened leads to basirat (insight) which leads to iman (faith), which leads to pious deeds (saleh amel). That said, this is the cause and the way that leads to attaining the divine mercy (rahmat), bounty (nimat). See, the work begins by quietly listening to Al-Quran Al-Karim which made us progress this far. Listening to it quietly is a must.
Now, about qiraat or recitation… Just like being quiet is a must, reading in qiraat is to understand and convey the utterance. So, what is qiraat? Now, please pay attention because qiraat is to recite, to understand the utterance, to narrate, to read audibly. That is at least only as much as you can hear yourself.
So, what is the work of Jibril (a.s.)? That is not to recite (qiraat), but to make someone else read because the word used is iqraʾ (اقْرَأْ). Allah’s work is to send down the revelation (wahy), and Janâb-i Haqq creates many means that are full of wisdom (hikmat) in order to prepare Jibril (a.s.) and the heart of Hz. Muhammad so that it may be completely ready for revelation (wahy). Allah’s work is to send down revelation (wahy)… Now, the voices that emanate from inanimate objects or that which has no reason (aql) are not called qiraat. Please pay attention to this! The voices that emanate from inanimate objects or that which has no reason (aql) are not called qiraat. Bad-tempered voice is not called qiraat either.
Our faqihs (experts of fiqh), those esteemed âlims of ours, rahmatullahi alayhim ajmain; the provision (hukm) qiraat and tilawah does not hesitate from these. For example, they have stated that tilawah sajdah (prostration of recitation) will not be necessary. That said, there is no silent qiraat (recitation). It is also not qiraat (recitation) when people listen to bell sound that resonates. Because it plays, tinkles, and resonated. It is not qiraat to listen to a voice in that manner. That is only a resonance. Also, the voice that comes from a gramophone, radio, or a television is not qiraat. That is only a reflection and resonation of the qiraat.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 303
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
It is not permissible (jaiz) to push Al-Quran Al-Karim between perceptions. It is a crime and a misdemeanour to recite it in a gathering where people do not show due respect to it. Those who listen to it are not guilty, rather those who do not listen are guilty. For example, he who recites it in a turkish bath commits a sin, but those who listen to it do not commit a sin, rather they earn sawāb. However, he who recites it in such a place will be committing a sin. As for reflection of voice, it is like qiraat (recitation), but it is not completely a qiraat (recitation). It is permissible (jaiz) and worthier (awla) to listen to it, and it is to be respectful. That is like picking up pages of Al-Quran Al-Karim from an unworthy place and place it to a worthier place. Continue performing your worships (ibadat) such as prayer (namāz), invocation (dua), qiraat (recitation), remembrance (dhikr) mentally and at heart, by fearing, by supplicating, loud enough to be able to hear yourself, without hindering contemplation (tafakkur). There is an effect that moves from the soul to the body, and vice versa. This makes a natural faculty (malaka) to occur in the soul. Light (nūr) raises up to the soul through a habit of verbal remembrance (dhikr), and these lights (nūr) flow from the soul to the tongue and vice versa. These two support each other just like mirrors that face each other. The passage of ma’rifat (spiritual knowledge) is like going towards to the pleasure (riza) of the Real (al-Haqq) in an endless sea. May Janâb-i Haqq make us all among the servants (qul) who attain Allah’s pleasure (riza) through Allah’s tawfiq-i hidayat (right guidance), lutf al-karam (blessing and generosity), and fazl al-ihsan (grace and benevolence).
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 304
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Beloved listeners, let me briefly remind you of the journey of ma’rifat (spiritual knowledge). Journey of ma’rifat (spiritual knowledge) is to go towards the pleasure (riza) of the Real (al-Haqq) in and endless sea. So, what should you hold fast to therein? See, hold fast to Al-Quran Al-Karim, and the commands and provisions (hukm) of Islam. That is if you want to hold fast to the cord that does not break in the journey of ma’rifat (spiritual knowledge) and climb up towards the pleasure (riza) of Almighty Allah. What is the sole ship for that purpose? It is the soul or nafs as we call it. Come on board the vessel of nafs, but do not make the nafs embark itself, rather you should embark the nafs. What is the sole helm of this vessel? It is to always remember Almighty Allah by heart and by tongue. It is to know Islam, and live it, and not to forget about it. Remembrance or dhikr is the name of knowing, practicing, and never forgetting Islam. As for unwariness, it is surely a danger. We can see so many exalted truths when we read the 75th verse of Surah al-Zumar .
Now, in a hadith-i sharif narrated by Sahih Muslim, Ibn Majah, and Ahmad ibn Hanbali, rahmatullahi alayhim ajmain, our Beloved Prophet (asw), our Master says, “Shaitan crawls back by sobbing when Children of Adam recite ayat of sajdah (prostration verse), and when prostrate (sajdah); and he bewails by himself by saying “Ah, wah, alas!”
Shaitan cries by saying, “This man has been commanded with sajdah (prostration), and he did prostrate (sajdah), and there is janna (paradise) for him. I have been commanded with sajdah (prostration) as well, but I rebelled. There is only fire, and jahannam (hell) for me.” He says that Shaitan cries by saying that. As you see, shaitans or devils become miserable when we prostrate (sajdah).
Now, what is remembrance or dhikr? If you ask, one of our pathfinders have said the following. “It is with worship (ibadat) and prostration (sajdah).” As you see, remembrance (dhikr) without worship (ibadat) will be in vain. So, know Islam, practice it, and remember! Do jihad in order for the truth (haqq) to be predominant (hakim). See, these are remembrance (dhikr) itself, and its summit. The matter mentioned in the 190th verse is not about Adam and Hawwa, rather it is about the polytheists (mushrikun) who are their descendants. This is what Hasan al-Basri and Ibn Kathīr and others have said. They have said that semure hadith is with defect (illat). Now, let me give you a brief preliminary note in regards to the semure hadith, which is that hadith with defect (illat). When our mother Hawwa gave birth, the Shaitan roamed around her and told her to name the child Abd al-Haris. See, when the child was born, he told her to name the child Abd al-Haris, and told her they her child will live. Hawwa’s child was not alive, and it is said that this semure hadith is a revelation from Shaitan. It is said that this hadith is not authentic (sahih), but defective (illat). Therefore, the narration Hasan al-Basri and Ibn Kathīr and others have said is correct in this regard. That is, those who ascribed partners are not Adam and Hawwa, but the polytheists who are from their lineage, this is the matter related with the 190th verse. Then again, do not forget this! Believers or mu’minun are a single nation (ummah) in this world; and ahlul kufr or people of disbelief are also a single nation in this world, do not forget this! As for Islam, it is the eternally blissful life, it is izzah (glory), and eternal felicity. So, what is taqwa or piety? It is a godly (rabbani) light (nūr) in the heart. What is taqwa or piety? It is the name of living Islam correctly. And that taqwa or piety is a godly (rabbani) light (nūr) in the heart. That is why we should carry that light (nūr) within, and stay away from disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk) and all that is evil, and it is also necessary to supplicate to Almighty Allah for success in this as is due.
May Janâb-i Haqq make us among the servants (qul) who are happy in both worlds, who find the best and unique life-style, who live the immortal life, who find righteousness (salah), happiness (falah), and success (najah) in both worlds.
We have finished Surah al-A’raf , and we came here from the beginning of Al-Quran Al-Karim. Now, we will continue the lessons of this life-giving light (nūr) in sequence with Surah al-Anfal . We will try to convey to you the whole of Al-Quran Al-Karim. After that, our talks about the light-shedding lesson of the blissful life will continue with preliminary notes from all Islamic sciences that are based on the Quran. May Janâb-i Haqq make everyone who say, “I am a servant (qul) of Allah” to find this truly blissful life, and to be a real Muslim.
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