Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 310-314
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 310
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
We are now at Surah Bara’ah or Surah al-Tawbah, and our lesson continues with all verses of the glorious Quran from the start in sequence. We shall present the whole of Al-Quran Al-Karim to you. Almighty Allah says, “I have completed Islam, and completed my blessing (nimat) on you, and perfected your religion (din), and I have chosen Islam as your religion,” for the whole of Al-Quran Al-Karim. This is for individuals and whole of humankind to attain perfection (kamal), and reach the summits of maturity. This is for all souls and bodies to attain perfection (kamal) in anfusi (inner) and afaqi (outer) world, heavens and earth, spirits and hearts. Janâb-i Haqq says the following for humanity to attain perfection (kamal). Almighty Allah says, “I have perfected the religion (din) of Islam.” The whole of humankind may attain perfection (kamal) through Islam. Almighty Allah says, “I have completed my blessing (nimat),” and the whole of humankind may be the recipients of eternal graces (lutf) with the blessing (nimat) of Islam. Janâb-i Haqq says, “I have chosen Islam as your religion (din).” Janâb-i Haqq established the earth, and chose the religion (din) of Islam. Islam has manifested to the earth with Islam as the mercy (rahmat) and eternal bliss of Almighty Allah with Adam, father of humanity. The religion (din) of all people and all prophets is Islam. The religion (din) of all nations is Islam because it is Allah the One who created all nations. The religion (din) is one as Allah is One. All prophets said, “Allah is One,” and they worked at the command of Allah. The divine messages that came to all prophets came from Allah the One. Don’t you ever be deceived. The reality (haqiqa) is, just like Allah is One, is a true path, a lightful path, and it is the path that comes from Allah and leads to Allah. Do not forget this! All prophets are duty holders of this single path, and they are its pioneers. Prophets have performed their duties in their respective times, their settings, their eras, and within their time periods. At last, the world and humankind was honoured with Hz. Muhammad, and in regards to the inheritance and faith (iman) of all the prophets of the past, and valid things they brought, and certain abrogated things that were about their own eras, the religion (din) of Islam has renewed the past, and it is the only religion (din) until eternity.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 311
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Now, let us progress our lesson with certain discovery notes on these verses. We have already said that this exalted surah is Medinan, and that it is the last verse sent down in Madinah al-Munawwarah (The Enlightened City). This started in the 9th year of emigration (hijra), and in the 8th year of it, Mecca was conquered. In the 9th year, our Prophet sent Hz. Abu Bakr as the Amir al-Hajj upon his return from Tabūk. This exalted surah was sent down right after that. Our Prophet immediately sent Hz. Ali, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain, to announce (tabligh) this surah in hajj. That said, Abu Bakr, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain, was Amir al-Hajj (commander of the pilgrimage) at that time, and Hz. Ali was sent to Hz. Abu Bakr to announce (tabligh) this surah. The following were in the contents of the announcement (tabligh): “Let not the polytheists (mushrik) go near Baitullah.” That is, “Let not polytheists (mushrik) go near Baitullah after this year.” It was also said that it is forbidden to do tawaf of Kaaba Shareef naked, and it was also announced that nobody except the believers (mu’min) may enter janna (paradise). It was said the covenant (ahd) shall be fulfilled, meaning it was announced that the covenants (ahd) of people who do not break the covenant (ahd) shall be fulfilled until the end of this term.
A narration from Abu Bakr, radeyallahu anhum, says, “This surah has touched everyone,” said Abu Bakr. That is, no matter how many groups of people in the world there are, Surah Bara’ah reads all of their souls (ruh) to you, and brings them forth. It also narrates you all wrong beliefs (batil) in the world, and brings forth the reality brighter than daylight. Hz. Abu Bakr said that this surah has touched everyone for that reason. Then again, this surah has a variety of names. Some of them are the following: “el-mukaşkişe, el-mübâsire, el-müşerride, el-muhsiye, el- kadime, el-musire, el-hafire, el-münekkile, el-müdemdime, and azab…”
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 312
On the 7th to 12th verses of Surah al-Tawbah.
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Hodja recites the 7th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“How can such polytheists (mushrik) may have any kind of treaty (ahd) with Allah and the Messenger? Except those with whom you made a treaty near Al-Masjid-al-Harām. Then, as long as they remain straight with you, you remain straight with them. Allah surely loves those who fear treachery.”
Hodja recites the 8th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“How can there be a treaty with them? If they were to have an opportunity against you, they would neither observe a kinship nor a treaty. They try to please you with their tongues, but their hearts are not pleased even with that much, and most of them are flagrant sinners (fāsiq).”
Janâb-i Haqq reads the spirit (ruh) of the polytheists (mushrik) here. Allah knows he whom Allah created.
Hodja recites the 9th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“They exchanged the verses (ayat) of Allah for a paltry price, prevented (people) from the way of Allah. Indeed, evil is what they have been doing.”
Hodja recites the 10th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Towards a believer (mu’min) they observe neither a bond nor a treaty. And it is they who are the transgressors,” says Janâb-i Haqq, narrating the broken structure of the polytheists (mushrik).
Hodja recites the 11th and 12th verses of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq says this in these glorious verses (ayat), “If they repent (tawbah), establish the namāz (prayer), and give zakat (poor-dues), then they will be your brethren in religion (din).”
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 313
On the 17th to 27th verses of Surah al-Tawbah .
Beloved listeners, dearest audience!
Our lesson continues with the exalted verses (ayat) of Surah al-Tawbah . We have started from the beginning of Al-Quran Al-Karim, and we shall try to present and announce (tabligh) the whole of it to you from here to its end in order.
The real lessons of the eternal life, its schooling, and whatever is necessary in the whole of prescription for eternal bliss, and whatever is the necessary lofty reason, it is possible for us to learn about these from the whole of Islam. We continue to convey to you all divine decrees (hukm) in Al-Quran Al-Karim along with the rationale of light (nūr), and blissful life; and within the scope of our means, we continue to present to you exalted treasures, which is whatever there is in the contents of Islam. Surely, Al-Quran Al-Karim is a unique miracle. People are helpless against it, and everyone is helpless. Al-Quran Al-Karim is a miracle, it is the most exalted miracle. We should surely confess out inability as we understand or narrate Al-Quran Al-Karim. Grace (lutf) is from Almighty Allah, and so is generosity (karam), success (tawfiq), and guidance (hidayat). These for the lessons of the life-giving light (nūr), and they are for everyone who strive for eternal life and happiness. We continue the lessons of the immortal and eternal life by Allah’s grace (lutf) and generosity (karam).
Hodja recites the 17th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Almighty Rabb says the following in this exalted verse (ayat), “It was not possible for the polytheists (mushrik) to maintain the mosques of Allah while they are witnesses of their own denial.” Allah says to the polytheists (mushrik), “You cannot maintain My mosques. You are polytheists.”
For one things Muslims should know what polytheism (shirk) is and who polytheists (mushrik) are in the best possible manner, and also announce that to humanity. One should read his own soul (nafs) well, and also be beneficial towards all humanity.
“Their deeds have all gone to waste.”
Whoever has polytheism (shirk), none of his deeds (amal) are accepted. Almighty Allah says the following.
Hodja recites a part of the 17th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Their deeds have gone to waste.”
This is because Allah does not accept the deeds (amal) of the polytheists (mushrik). Polytheism (shirk) is filthy (najis), and as the polytheists (mushrik) have that polytheism (shirk), none of their deeds (amal) are accepted, and janna (paradise) has been forbidden to the polytheists (mushrik).
“And they shall remain in the Fire forever.”
Hodja recites a part of the 17th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
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Allah Ta’ala is One as a Being (dhat), and One in attributes (sifāt), and One in everything. Allah Ta’ala is One as the Creator, and One as Allah created the causes, and One as the manager of the worlds (alamin), and One as the ruler who gives command. Allah is One in every regard.
Whoever associated Allah with a creature (makhluq), or whoever mentions Allah with an attribute (sifāt) that does not suit the glory of Allah, or whoever ascribes a servant (qul) with one of the attributes (sifāt) of Allah, or a divinizes a creature (makhluq), these are polytheists (mushrik). Allah has no equals, partners, sons, or daughters. That is why Allah has never had and will never have partners, overseers, or equals. Nobody has true faith (iman) without acknowledging Allah in the correct way. Nobody can enter janna (paradise) without having true faith (iman), nor can they attain the blissful life, nor are they saved from jahannam (hell). Let us tell each other the truth, and let us not deceive each other with false advertisements; let us speak the truth.
“Allah does not accept polytheism (shirk).”
These are the verses of the Quran, utterances of Allah. Al-Quran Al-Karim consists of the utterances of Allah. The prophet’s duty is to announce (tabligh) these to the universe as is, without adding or subtracting anything, and to believe, to act upon it (amal), to implement it, and to establish Islam on earth. Hz. Muhammad Mustafa, salla Allahu Ta’ala ‚alayhi wa sallam, did his duty perfectly, and walked towards the Real (al-Haqq).
Hodja recites the 18th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Let us see who is able to maintain the masjids and mosques of Allah, foremost Al-Masjid-ul-Harām and Baitullah, Kaaba Shareef. See, Almighty Allah says, “only by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day (ākhira)…” One has to have true faith (iman); monotheistic belief (tawhid iman), and true monotheistic belief (hanif iman). One has to have a true faith (iman) purified from polytheism (shirk), disbelief (kufr), hypocrisy (nifaq), doubt, and second thoughts. That is whoever in Allah with such a true faith (iman) and also believes in the Last Day (ākhira) like that, and establishes namāz (prayer), and performs the namāz (prayer) with this faith (iman)… Now, what is namāz (prayer)? That is five times of namāz, which has been commanded as an obligation (fard) by Allah. Allah says, “My servant! Come to My presence five times a day,” and invites you. Allah calls you to mercy (rahmat), feast, and journey (miʿraj). Pay attention! It is not a judge, governor, or head of the state who calls you. Rather the Rabb of all the worlds (alamin), and the Creator of you, me, and all the worlds (alamin) calls you. Invites you to the presence by saying, “Come to My presence with five times of daily namāz (prayer), and perform your namāz (prayer) every day.” The Creator calls you to the presence by saying that. Just look at this sultanate of being in the presence of your Rabb, is there another value that uplifts a person more than this? The Rabb is calling you to the presence, and wants to meet you.
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Allah wants to give you endless and boundless rewards, and calls to mercy (rahmat), calls to forgiveness, and calls to bestow on you manifold daraja (rank/class). Allah calls you to live a faithful life in the presence of Allah, and calls to jamal (beauty), janna (paradise), and endless and boundless blessings (nimat). What do you understand from namāz (prayer) anyway? Allah placed jihad (struggle) and namāz (prayer) right next to faith (iman). Muslims should certainly have jihad and namāz. What should there be next to namāz? Allah says, “who give zakat (poor-dues),” and zakat (poor-dues) is a bridge from the world to the afterlife (ākhira) and janna (paradise). It is the equilibria established between the rich and the poor. A world without zakat (poor-dues) is world of injustice (zulm), it is a world that devours the rights of the poor and the needy. Surely, zakat (poor-dues) are to be given as is due. Allah placed zakat (poor-dues) right next to namāz (prayer), and said, “He who gives the zakat (poor-dues), and who do not fear anyone but Allah.” Pay attention to what is said.
Hodja recites a part of the 18th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Who has faith (iman), jihad (struggle), namāz (prayer), zakat (poor-dues); who does not fear anyone but Allah, who is filled to brim with only fear of Allah, who loves Allah with every fibre of his being, who flies towards Allah with these two wings (fear and love).” It is said, “The masjids and mosques of Allah are only to be maintained by these servants (qul).”
That is those who have these attributes of faith (iman), jihad (struggle), namāz (prayer), zakat (poor-dues); who fear nobody but Allah. Allah says that these venerable figures who do not fear anyone else may maintain the mosques of Allah. Naturally, there are many values within the contents of maintaining mosques such as physical or spiritual aspects. The greatest maintenance begins with worshipping (ibadat) to Allah in the mosque. Then comes others such as physical and other maintenance. Janâb-i Haqq also says, “It is they who are expected to be on true guidance (hidayat).”
Hodja recites a part of the 18th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Hodja recites the 19th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq brought forth jihad in this verse as well. Allah says, “Have you taken the work of serving water to the pilgrims (hajji) and the maintenance of Al-Masjid-ul-Harām (Kaaba Shareef) as equal to the work of those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and do jihad (struggle) in the way of Allah? They are not equal before Allah. Allah does not bestow guidance (hidayat) upon the zalim (wrongdoing) people.”
As you see, Janâb-i Haqq brought jihad to top. Even if you reconstructed Kaaba every single day, it will not be the same as jihad. Even if you serve water to pilgrims (hajji) of the world on hot days, it will not be the same as jihad.
Hodja recites the original text of the following quote.
Jihad is the pinnacle of Islam. Every Muslim is a mujāhid (fighter). Muslims are never terrorists, they cannot be. Every Muslim is a mujāhid (fighter), and they are obliged to be mujāhidīn (fighters).
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That is why dearest audience, Janâb-i Haqq placed jihad to the top, and called everyone to jihad. Every Muslim, men and women, are obliged to be a mujāhid (fighter). That said, the scope of jihad is surely vast. All services that are done in the way of Allah are jihad. First and foremost are the struggle done in battle to exalt the religion (din) of Allah (iʻlā‐i kalimatullah); and the defence jihad done in order to ensure truth (haqq), justice, and peace in the world, and to protect the truth (haqq) from the transgressors (zalim) in the world. The jihad of encompassing the souls (nafs), and conquering the hearts through knowledge (ilm) also comes foremost. That said, every beneficial service in Islam is jihad, do not ever forget this! It is a major jihad (jihad al-kabir) to narrate Al-Quran Al-Karim to the world. That said, to encompass hearts and souls (nafs), and conquer and guide (irshad) the souls (nafs) with the light of faith (iman), knowledge (ilm), and learning (irfan) is the greatest jihad. It is even fair to say chastening the nafs (self) is the greatest jihad. Besides, he who cannot chasten himself will not benefit others. A complete purification (tazkiyah) of the desires (nafs), and education (tarbiya) is required. That is why Janâb-i Haqq commanded the following.
Hodja recites a part of the 19th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
The verse says, “Allah does not guide (hidayat) a wrongdoing (zalim) lot.” If you want to be recipient of the guidance (hidayat) and benevolence (ihsan) of Allah, you should renounce injustice (zulm), and be just. Do not be unjust (zalim). Work towards establishing justice on earth, and being a just person by the justice of Allah. You should establish justice in yourself at first, then in your home, towards your wife and kids, towards ahlul bayt (people of the house), towards all members of your family (ahlul iyâl). Establish the love and holy decrees (hukm) of Islam on everyone who lives in your home so that your home may turn into an Islamic janna (paradise) at first. Let your home be filled to the brim with the love and light (nūr) of Islam. You should fully have these within yourself, and let it reflect to those around you.
Hodja recites the 20th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq described a believer (mu’min) in this verse. So, who is a believer (mu’min), who we call a Muslim? Who is a mujāhid (fighter), and a Muslim? If you ask this question, then pay attention to this verse. Janâb-i Haqq described the short but to the point qualities of a Muslim. Allah says, “Those who believe (iman), who emigrated (hijra), and performed jihad in the way of Allah with their wealth and lives.” Janâb-i Haqq explained with what jihad is done in this verse.
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For one thing, those who believe (iman) and emigrate (hijra), and perform jihad with their wealth and lives have the utmost daraja (rank/class) before Allah. That is, we can see that the highest summit that nobody else can reach is reached by the mujāhid (fighters), and the muhajirun (early Muslims) who emigrated (hijra). It is said that these are happy servants (qul) who attained the murad (desire). Janâb-i Haqq commands the following.
Hodja recites a part of the 20th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Do you wish to attain your desire (murad)? Everyone in the world is talking about a life-style, a desire (murad). This desire (murad) is the real desire (murad). One that admits you into eternal and immortal life, endless and boundless bounties, an eternal life without sickness; one that leaves you young for eternity without getting old, one that makes you younger as you age, and one that brings you hearth as you get old, one that presents you eternal happiness. These are the qualities that Islam asks of you, and this is what Islam teaches you. Islam teaches them how to attain the blissful life-style, which is the desire (murad). Others do not have that. Even if you graduate from all universities on earth, who can give you the lesson Allah gave you? Can anyone bring forth a Quran? Can anyone create a sky? Can anyone claim they can create another world in the place of this one because they don’t like this world? Is that possible? They are corrupting the world, and doing corruption (fasād). The seas and air are being polluted. What you eat and drink, vegetables and fruits, meat, and whatever is touched by humans in regards to consumption are becoming corrupted. Science is beneficial! Those who do fortune-telling by hiding behind science are not doing any favours to the world. Science works for the better good of humankind, and it is what brings forth what is beneficial. See, Al-Quran Al-Karim is a science above all sciences, and it is a knowledge (ilm) above knowledge; it is the decrees (hukm) and laws of Allah. The understanding of supremacy of law (huquq) in Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim is because it is the truth (haqq). Allah is the true (haqq) being, and the laws of Allah are law, and this is where the supremacy of law (huquq) lies. There is a right (haqq) and law (huquq) of every creature of Allah. You will not have done justice unless you give every right to its owner.
Hodja recites the 21st verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq says the following in this verse (ayat), “Their Rabb gives them glad tidings of a mercy (rahmat) and a pleasure (riza) from Allah, and good news of a janna (paradise).”
Allah gives glad tidings of these to the servants (qul) who attain their desires (murad). What does Allah say? Allah gives them good news of a mercy (rahmat) from Allah. It is Allah who gives this glad tiding. It is not a glad tiding given by someone else, nor is it a reward you receive in some ceremony, nor is it a wage someone gives you. This is the mercy (rahmat) of Allah. Allah says, “Allah gives them good news of a mercy (rahmat), and a pleasure (riza).” Now, what is riza? Says, “I will not punish you for eternity.” Says, “I will not be angry with you, and you will live in this janna (paradise) for eternity.” And also gives you the good news of the pleasure (riza) and paradise (janna) of Allah.
Is there death in janna (paradise)? No, there isn’t. Is there sickness? No. Is there old age? No. So, is there extreme heat or cold? No. Rather there is light upon light, bliss upon bliss, and even if you could unite all dreams, intellects (aql), and tongues, they couldn’t describe janna (paradise). It is the place where all beauties are present, and it is the religion (din) of Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim what prepares you to it. The leader and guide of this is Hz. Muhammad. The guide and proofs in his hand is Al-Quran Al-Karim, along with our prophet’s sunnah (customs), community consensus (ijma al-ummah), and the analogy of faqihs (qiyas al-fuqaha); all these rely on the Quran. They all rely on Al-Quran Al-Karim, the glorious Quran.
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That is why do not forget that Hz. Muhammad is evidence, and that Al-Quran Al-Karim is a true knowledge (haqq ilm), and scholarly evidence. Do not forget that it is a certain knowledge (ilm) and a scholarly proof.
and that it is an absolute scholarly sign. Janâb-i Haqq says the following. What is in the janna (paradise) for them? “There are endless and boundless bounties (nimat).
Hodja recites a part of the 21st verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
What does that mean? It means, “There are endless and boundless bounties (nimat).” That is, in janna (paradise). Janâb-i Haqq created the world according to the world, and created life in the grave and barzakh according to them, and created janna (paradise) and jahannam (hell) according to their own settings. That is why janna (paradise) is a place of enjoyment and pleasure, and it is a place of endless, boundless, and eternal bounties (nimat). Yes, it is a world of pleasure, but it is the real pleasure; not a fake pleasure like that of the world. The real pleasure in the world is to live Islam. True life is an Islamic life. True life-style is the life-style of Islam. For one thing, your heart should be enlightened with the faith (iman) of Islam, and so should your brain and spirit (ruh). There should rise a light of wisdom in your inner world through the knowledge (ilm) of the Quran, and inspirations (fayiz) should rain down on it. This is because Al-Quran Al-Karim is divine, and inspirations (fayiz) come to your heart from the Quran non-stop. You shall be enlightened with the light of Al-Quran Al-Karim, and become lightful, and then lights of wisdom (irfan) will encompass you. You will be filled to the brim with divine love, love of Allah. However, you need to be equipped with the knowledge (ilm) of the Quran, and drink from the fountain of the Quran to your heart’s content. What do awliya call this? They make mention of pleasure (riza), ra’y, and wickedness (şirp). A pleasure occurs when a person conveys the meaning of the Quran to his soul (nafs). When the heart is happy with that meaning, there occurs a şirp, meaning the heart starts drinking from it. Then, a happiness begins, and this is called ra’y. Rise and enlightenment continues; and the rise continues as well. Al-Quran Al-Karim rises you to the throne (arsh), and makes you attain Allah’s jamal (beauty) and janna (paradise), makes you attain that ultimate meeting (wuslat). Only thing is you need to know Al-Quran Al-Karim correctly, and understand it correctly in the way of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. You need to study this knowledge (ilm) in the ecole (school) that knows this very well, and you need to abide by those who truly know. Otherwise, ransom ways of ahlul bid’ah (innovation) and dalalah (misguidance) and an understanding of religion (din) brought forth by them, or the books written by powers that are against Islam will not lead you to the truth, rather they will lead you astray, and it will be a pity. Don’t you ever be deceived! Look towards drinking from the fountains of knowledge (ilm) of the ecole (school) of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah to your heart’s content. Come to the gardeners of the garden of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah.
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There are well-known gardeners of the garden of knowledge (ilm), and there are great philosophers of that world. We have Islamic scholars who are elders of knowledge (ilm), who devoted themselves to the religion (din) of Allah, and dedicated themselves, their lives, souls, and everything they ever had to those ecoles (schools) in the palaces of knowledge (ilm). Foremost comes Hz. Muhammad, his companions (ashab), Tābi’ūn, Tabi‘ al-Tabi’in, and the Islamic scholars (âlim) and mujtahids who came from that way, and foremost among them comes the ecole (school) of Al-Imam Al-Azam, the ecole (school) of Imam al-Maliki, and the ecoles (schools) of Shafi’i and Hanbali. Do not miss them, and we have heroes of knowledge (ilm) who drank from this fountain of knowledge (ilm) and this ecole (school) to their heart’s content. We had mujtahids back then, and we have mujtahids now. The sources intact; and you should come to our intact sources. Without knowledge (ilm) there is no tariqah (school), ma’rifat (spiritual knowledge), or tasawwuf. They are all layers of the sharia (law), and whatever you are looking, you should look for it in the knowledge (ilm) and wisdom (irfan) of Al-Quran Al-Karim. If you seek the tariqah (school) outside the Quran, and if you seek the ma’rifat or tasawwuf outside the sharia (law) of Al-Quran Al-Karim, then you are already astray. You have toppled down into misguidance (dalalah), get your mind straight! For whatever you find out of the bounds of the Quran, sunnah (customs), ijma (consensus), qiyas (analogy), and sharia (law) it doesn’t matter. Take a look at Bayazid Bastami, Al-Qushayri, Abdülkerim Kuseyri, and look at all other awliya such as figures like Dawud al-Ta’i! Just take a look at figures like Naqshband! These figures were raised in the fountain and school of sharia (law). They have found tasawwuf in the school of sharia (law), and they have found all truths (haqiqa) and ma’rifat (spiritual knowledge) therein. There cannot be anything outside sharia (law), because, what do you when you say sharia (law)? Just define it for a second, what is sharia (law)? Sharia (law) is the name of all laws that Almighty Law-Maker (Shari Ta’ala) brought forth. So, what is the source of it? It is Al-Quran Al-Karim, sunnah (customs), ijma al-ummah (community consensus), and qiyas al-fuqaha (analogy of the faqihs). You shall seek the tasfir ulama, kalam ulama, aqidah ulama, and fiqh ulama, and look for tasawwuf with them, not outside them. This is where you should seek truths (haqiqa) and ma’rifat. Every truth (haqiqa) is of sharia (law), and vice versa. Every ma’rifat is of sharia (law), and vice versa. This is what every awliya of ours say. Go and look at all tasawwuf schools, do not take the evil inspirations (waswas) of the Shaitan for wonders (karamat) Do not take istidraj for karamat. Do not say nobody informed you! Let us sit right, and talk right, and tell each other the truths. There is neither a sharia (law) nor a truth (haqiqa) nor ma’rifa (knowledge) without knowledge (ilm). There is nothing if there is no knowledge (ilm). Hz. Muhammad was unlettered (ummi) but Allah made him read, and settled the Quran to his heart. Allah explained (tafsir) the Quran to him, and Jibril (a.s.) was an intermediary. The guide and teacher of Hz. Muhammad was directly Allah (c.c.). As for Muhammad, he was the guide of his companions (sahabah) and the worlds, and he was the prophet of mercy of all the worlds and all the nations. Companions (sahabah) shined like the stars in the sky around the sun that is Muhammad. The companions (sahabah) conveyed this enlightenment and true knowledge (ilm) of Islam to the Tābi’ūn. These come to us from Tābi’ūn via narration and authentication (tawātur).
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That is why this happens with knowledge (ilm), at first you start with faith (iman) and you can’t simply stay there, your two days shall not be the same. If your two days are the same, then you are not a follower of sharia (law), nor are you a man of ma’rifa (knowledge). Your two days shall not be equal. If you have earned 100 today, you must earn a minimum of 101 tomorrow. See, some people have been dwelling on for 50 years, and they have turned pale and yellow in the same place. It didn’t rain down on the plant he is, nor a fertilizer was given to it to make it green. The heart of a Muslim eats from the garden of the Quran, and drinks from the fountain of the Quran non-stop. Eats from the garden of Quran. Studies in the school of Quran, and continues to rise. But what are you doing? Show what you are doing! You were claiming to be a Muslim, you said your book was Al-Quran Al-Karim, and that your prophet was Prophet Muhammad. You were saying, “My Rabb is Allah.” Did Janâb-i Haqq tell you to stay the same like a dried grass without turning green? Someone will come and rip you off the ground, and we do not even know who will devour you. We do not even know when wind will blow and take you and your soil away. Come, and enter into the castle of the Quran, and study in its school, and receive education therein. Then, graduate from the school of Islam as a hero who shall establish the peace, knowledge (ilm), wisdom (irfan), and justice of Islam on earth. Receive your education, that is education of heroship. The armies of disbelief (kufr) and polytheism (shirk) couldn’t stop Hz. Ali. He was educated in the school of the Quran, and the school of Muhammad. Umar caused the universe to tremble with his justice; with what did he do that? He acquired his lesson from the guidance (irshad) of Muhammad and the Quran. Abu Bakr became a siddiq (truthful), but how? None of them attained these by lying in bed. They studied in the school of the Quran, and the garden of the Quran; every one of those companions (sahabah) were like stars shining in the sky through the guidance (irshad) of Muhammad. Every one of those companions (sahabah) were shining like the stars around the sun that is Muhammad. Yes, some stars are brighter than others, but they are all bright. Those who were the brightest had studied in the school of Muhammad (a.s.) well. Others have shone too, and they have shone to that degree;; they are degree by degree. That is why those that do not shine are useless; they should shine. The light of belief (iman) must shine out from the bosoms.
Hodja recites the 22nd verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
See, “They abide in janna (paradise) for eternity.” This is not for 500 years or 1000 years. How many years will you stay on earth? Let’s do the math for a second. Let’s say you have lived for 100 years. Just think about your childhood and old age, some of it goes for sleep, so subtract that, what is left behind? Just take a look. And consider the anguish and grief of this world, there is that too. What is left behind? The only life you have after that, is about 20 to 30 years if not less.
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This is if we assume everyone lives until 100 years of age, but this changes from person to person. Some live an old and ill life after 80. Some live like that after 60, and some live like that after 70, and some people become old and ill after 80. When we add up your childhood, old-age period, and the time you will spend in sleep, we should also add things like whom did you serve slavishly throughout your life, and how did you waste your life? Just add them all up, what is left? Let’s say 20 to 30 years are left for you, but that is not the case. Let’s say you lived those 20 to 30 years rebelling against Allah, denying the Quran, and disbelieving in the holy values that Muhammad brought, and let’s also say you lived 30, 50 or 100 years more after that. Then, you passed away with disbelief (kufr) and wrongdoings (zulm). Azrail (a.s.) along with armies of Allah brought you to the gathering (mahshar) with your disbelief (kufr), wrongdoings (zulm), and hypocrisy (nifaq). What will you do? Jahannam (hell) is eternal, and so is janna (paradise), what will you do? They do not place a polytheist (mushrik) in janna (paradise), nor do they place a denier (munkir), a hypocrite (munafiq), or a wrongdoer (zalim). So, you will be in jahannam (hell), what will you do?
An eastern man said this and a western man said that, it doesn’t matter. You weren’t created by an easterner or a westerner. Allah created you. See what Allah (c.c.) says, and listen to Allah (c.c.). I am telling these to my nafs (self). I am telling these to my nafs (self), and I am very angry at my nafs (self), that why I am riled at it. That said, I share because I love you. O humankind! We are all servants (qul) of Allah. We need to convey the truths to each other in a completely friendly manner.
Hodja recites a part of the 22nd verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Says, “The greatest reward is with Allah.”
See, the greatest reward is with Allah. That is, all values, all rewards, all graces (lutf), all bestowments (ihsan) are with Allah. Allah gives whatever is given to a person. Allah may bestow eternal blessings (nimat) to him out of grace (lutf). The punishment you deserve is given only by Allah. Nobody else has a jahannam (hell). There is no judge of judges besides Allah. There is no ruler above all rulers besides Allah. It is Allah who will judge all judges. It is Allah who will judge all rulers. Allah will bring all judges, generals, marshals, rulers, rich, and the poor to account. Nobody else will bring them to account. Allah will bring everyone to book. However, nobody will bring Allah to book because Allah is the Rabb (Lord) of all the worlds (alamin). Get ready to answer to Allah. All the judges who do not pass judgment correctly and fairly, who do not rule with justice will be brought to the presence of Allah, and Allah will question you. O those in the world who hold the administration over people, managers, rulers, governments, states, and those who run the state! Do not devour people’s rights! Do not exploit humankind. Be just, and establish peace and justice on earth. This is what Allah commands. O ruler! I am a servant (qul) of Allah, and you too are a servant (qul) of Allah! O judge! I am a servant (qul) of Allah, and so are you! O marshal! I am a servant (qul) of Allah, and so are you! O general! You are a servant (qul) of Allah as well. We are all obliged to be at the command of Allah!
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We are obliged to act justly. We are obliged to acknowledge what Almighty Allah (c.c.) sent down to Hz. Muhammad (saw), the law and justice of Allah, and the supremacy of the exalted law of Allah. A contemporaneity ahead of all ages is with Allah, with Muhammad, and with Al-Quran Al-Karim. These are the decrees (hukm) of Allah, which is where contemporaneity lies. As for non-contemporaneity, it is to disacknowledge Allah, to disacknowledge the supremacy of Allah’s law (huquq), to disacknowledge truth (haqq) and justice; non-contemporaneity, backwardness, bigotry, and zulm (injustice) is therein. Ignorance is therein. Knowledge (ilm) is not within labels, rather it is in iman (faith), justice, peace, and being beneficial to the whole of humankind. It is in being beneficial. Are you beneficial towards yourself? Just ask this question to yourself, are you beneficial towards yourself? A person with real faith (iman) shining in himself has a well-performing intellect (aql). That said, the intellect (aql) of a person who has no faith (iman) or wisdom (irfan) will not operate properly because he enslaved his intellect (aql) as well. Allah primarily gave intellect (aql) to humans. Allah created intellect (aql), light (nūr), and the Pen. Allah created the light (nūr) of Muhammad. The first creations were the Pen, intellect (aql), and the light (nūr) of Muhammad. Just take a look why it is like that! We shall endeavour to be servants (qul) of Janâb-i Mawla who get their minds straight, be happy themselves, and work for the happiness of humankind. Almighty Allah speaks the truest things in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Allah does not withhold the truth. It is necessary to understand Al-Quran Al-Karim right and convey it right. Al-Quran Al-Karim is Allah’s book. Every truth is in Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim because Allah’s scholarly (ilm-i) manifestation is the Quran, and manifestation of mercy (rahmat) is Islam. Janâb-i Haqq manifested to the worlds (alamin) with these and Hz. Muhammad. These are Allah’s manifestation of everlasting mercy (rahmat) and grace (lutf).
Hodja recites the 23rd verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq says here: “O you who believe (iman)! If your fathers or brothers like kufr (disbelief) instead of iman (belief),” that is if they like kufr (disbelief) and dislike iman (belief), and choose kufr (disbelief) over iman (belief), and if they hold kufr (disbelief) above iman (faith), “then do not take them as friends.” It is not possible for kufr (disbelief) or ahlul kufr (people of disbelief) to be your friends because that is opposite of iman (belief), and that is what Allah Ta’ala says. Allah says, “If they choose kufr (disbelief) over iman (belief).” They hold kufr (disbelief) over iman (belief), and it is clear that as long as you have iman (belief) they will not be friendly towards you. It is said that you should not take them as friends. Now, pay attention to “do not take them as friends,” and this is because they are not friendly. Iman (belief) is friend of everyone, and works for the better good of everyone. It calls to haqq (truth), and practices haqq (truth), and call to haqq (truth). Janâb-i Haqq says, “And whoever among you takes them as friends, they are wrongdoers (zalim) themselves.” See, even if it is your father or brother, if he chooses kufr (disbelief) over iman (belief), and prefers haram over halal, and chooses injustice (zulm) over justice, which are actually the contents of iman (belief), it is said that do not befriend even your father or brother. Why? Because they are hostile towards themselves, how can they be friendly towards you? Ahlul kufr (people of disbelief) are hostile to themselves, and can there be friendship in kufr (disbelief)? Can there be friendship in zulm (injustice)?
Hodja recites a part of the 23rd verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“And whoever among you takes them as friends, they are wrongdoers (zalim) themselves.”
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Showing consent to kufr is kufr, pay attention and save yourself. If you turn kufr (disbelief) into something you like in your heart, then iman (belief) cannot reside therein. The moment you turn zulm (injustice) into something you like, and you start calling haram halal, then your iman will no away and disappear when you call a haram halal because zulm (injustice) is haram, and justice is essential. There is no justice where there is zulm (injustice). That is why Janâb-i Haqq said, “Every kāfir (disbeliever) is zalim (unjust).” This is because there is zulm (injustice) next to kufr (disbelief). As for kufr (disbelief), it is the biggest zulm (injustice). Polytheism (shirk) is also the biggest zulm (injustice), and it is the biggest slander to Allah.
Hodja recites the 24th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Say to them, ‘If your fathers…’” Now, please pay attention. “If your fathers, sons, siblings, women, relatives, tribes, the wealth you have earned, and the trade in which you fear a decline, the homes that you like, settlements (such as mansions and etc.); if these are dearer to you than Allah and the Messenger, and jihad in the way of Allah, then wait until the command of Allah comes.” See, it is said that if things we have counted are dearer to you than Allah, the prophet, and jihad, then wait for what shall come from Allah. Allah’s command shall come, but what is that? That is destruction and punishment, which you shall wait for. “Allah does not grand guidance (hidayat) to a people who are fāsiqūn (disobedient).” Why? Because there is something else in his heart in the place of Allah. There is something else instead of faith (iman) and love of Allah. They are subject to something else instead of the truths the prophet brought forth. In their hearts, iman (faith) in Allah is either weak and lean, or it is in danger, or he is at someone else’s command, not at the command of Allah. If one of the things we listed entered your heart, and it became dearer to you than Allah, and it became dearer to you than the Prophet, and it became dearer to you than jihad, then it is said that you should wait until the command of Allah comes. And what is that? See, every punishment has an appointed time (ajal), it has an hour, and it is said that you are to wait.
The verse also says that Allah does not grand guidance (hidayat) to a people who are fāsiqūn (disobedient). There is a love besides love of Allah, besides love of prophet, and besides love of jihad; if others have entered the heart instead of these, then there is a grave violation (fisq) and disobedience (fasiq) here. Allah says, “Allah does not guide (hidayat) a people who are fāsiqūn.
Hodja recites a part of the 24th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Time Stamp: 56:22
Hodja recites the 25th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq says,” It is an undeniable circumstance that Allah has helped you on many places.” Allah help everywhere at every moment is from Allah. “Especially on the Day of Hunayn,” says Allah, and there is a Battle of Hunayn in history. Now, insha ‘Allah we will narrate it in a short but to the point manner in the upcoming ours and lectures. Allah says, “Especially on the Day of Hunayn, when you were proud of your great number, then it did not benefit you on that day at all.”
See, people should take every measure, and muster up their forces, establish powerful armies, but they should know well, and never forget for a second that victory is from Allah. That is what Janâb-i Haqq says. Janâb-i Haqq says that they rejoiced their numbers on that day, but it did not benefit them at all. Until that day the army of Islam has not reached such a power, nor had they reached such a great number. As you see, Janâb-i Haqq says that their power and numbers did not help them at all in their most powerful time. Why? That is because they trusted their numbers. That is, not all of them but those who trusted it. Allah says, “The earth was strained for you despite all its vastness.”
In the Battle of Hunayn a flight and a panic had begun as if there wasn’t any place in the world to go. It is said that the earth was strained for them despite all its vastness. It is Almighty Allah who says that. Almighty Allah gives us many lessons here, but we are touching upon the core of the matter. If we have delved into it these lectures wouldn’t end for years, that is why we are conveying the core of the matters. “Then, you were defeated, and started fleeing in defeat,” says Janâb-i Haqq. Hodja recites a part of the 25th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
So, it means that the hearts and the souls need to be brave heroes and utilize the power they have, and they should have power, faith (iman) along with Allah’s courage and tranquillity. These things happen when you put your trust in Allah. Regardless of what forces you may have in your hands, what will make you use the forces you have is your faith (iman), your heart, and your hands which are linked to your body that is filled to the brim with faith (iman), along with intellect (aql) and keen vision (firasat); so, what shall these things do? They shall enlighten and find strength with the light of courage and faith in your heart. Faithful armies with real iman, even if they are only a handful, you know they have defeated many massive armies throughout history. Why? That is because the success of those who defend the truth (haqq), who are at the command of the truth (haqq), and who use their means in the true (haqq) path is very different. All of this is linked with the light of keen vision (firasat) along with taking complete precautions, and utilizing the conditions you find yourself in. That said, the light (nūr) of keen vision (firasat) is linked to true faith (haqq iman).
Time Stamp: 1:01:10
Hodja recites the 26th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
See, Janâb-i Haqq help reached. That powerful army couldn’t utilize its power. Their numerical advantage did not work. Allah sent help.
“Then Allah sent Allah’s tranquillity upon Allah’s messenger (rasul) and the believers (mu’min).”
That is a complete reassurance, bravery, and courage to come to hearts, and it is said that Janâb-i Haqq sent that upon them. “And sent down armies which you do not see.” There are armies of Allah in the heavens and in the earth which you do not see. Every army in the heavens and in the earth belong to Allah. That said, Allah has endless and boundless unseen armies.
“Allah punished the kāfirs who disbelieved in Allah.” They disbelieve in whom? A kafir is a person who disacknowledges the commands and decrees (hukm) of Allah. Allah is the Real (al-Haqq) being. We shall acknowledge Allah as Allah, and the commands of Allah as the commands, and the true (haqq) laws of Allah as justice (huquq), and we shall acknowledge the supremacy of law (huquq) because it is the most exalted law (huquq). We shall acknowledge all of them without having a second thought about any one of them, and without denying, by affirming (tasdiq). Believing by doing what is due is faith (iman). The opposite of that is disbelief (kufr). That is why Allah punished the kāfir who disbelieved in Allah. Allah’s aid had arrived.
The army of Islam was equipped with bravery and courage again, by the help of Allah. It is said, “This is the punishment of those disbelievers (kāfir).
Hodja recites a part of the 26th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Hodja recites the 27th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Then after all that had happened, Allah (c.c.) grants repentance upon whomever Allah wills. Allah is, Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.
Many people adopted faith (iman). Besides, the idols were broken in the Arabic Peninsula after Battle of Hunayn. The idols were broken, and polytheism (shirk) was fading away while faith (iman) was shining, and what did Janâb-i Haqq to the world’s superpowers at that time? Allah showed them the power of Islam. The light of Islam came about as an enlightenment throughout the world. The light of faith (iman), truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa) and Islam started enlightening the world fast. Back then there was Byzantium. They were a superpower of the world back then, and the Byzantine army fled from confronting Hz. Muhammad. The super armies of the world had begun to flee. Islam’s lions of peace and justice arrived at the gates of Kisra which was the state of the Magians, and they arrived at Byzantium. Knowledge (ilm) and wisdom (irfan) started to spread to the world. This is because Islam is knowledge (ilm), wisdom (irfan), mercy (rahmat), forgiveness, peace, and tranquillity. It is a complete justice. Islam is the love of Allah encompassing the universe. That is why it is Almighty Allah who says to Hz. Muhammad, “I have sent you upon the worlds (alamin) as the prophet of mercy (rahmat).” Hz. Muhammad is the prophet of mercy (rahmat). What does that mean? This means that Allah has manifested to the worlds (alamin) with mercy (rahmat) through Muhammad, Quran, and Islam. Nobody should take offence, rather everyone should try to take a seat at this table of mercy (rahmat), and the entire world should try to be Muslims. Being a Muslim is to acknowledge Allah, to acknowledge truth and justice (haqq huquq), to find the truth, to find the truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa), and it is also the name of being blissful for eternity.
Time Stamp: 1:07:03
– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 314
Hodja recites a prayer (dua) in Arabic.
Most valuable and venerable audience, the lessons of the life-giving light (nūr) continues. And may Janâb-i Haqq make us among the servants (qul) who attain the eternally blissful life, who are blissful for eternity, who are recipients of Allah’s exalted mercy (rahmat), pleasure (riza), and love, who find a place at the table of eternal bliss, who are at the presence of the Most Exalted, who attain Allah’s pleasure (riza) and reach the ultimate meeting (wuslat), for whom Allah says, “I am pleased (razi) with him for eternity.” May Janâb-i Haqq easily grant us to be among this group of servants (qul) for eternity. The protocol here goes, prophets, siddiq (the truthful), martyrs, and saleh (the righteous).
Others come after these, and we should be together with these people. We should adhere to the truth and justice they were devoted to in order to be together with them. Allah is the Real (al-Haqq) being. Allah’s commands are also rights (haqq) and justice (huquq); they are exalted laws. See, they adhered strictly to the rights (haqq) and justice (huquq), which are the laws and commands of Almighty Allah, and they took their places in this protocol. Let us take our places as well. These people are the mūnamun aleyhim. An endless and boundless inaam (gift) and ihsan (benevolence) has been gifted to them. We should be thankful for the graces (lutf) of Allah, and praise Allah. Praise of Allah comes with a flawless iman (faith) and amal-e-saleh (good deeds). You are impressed when you get bribe from someone, and you give thanks when you take a single cigarette from someone and show sings of thankfulness, but you do not be a servant (qul) to Allah who created you with every fibre of your being, and created the worlds (alamin). Is there a more miserable mentality than that? See, biggest misery lies here.
One day, Abu Sufyan and his men threw a banquet for their own people, and those who went to this banquet broke their treaties (ahd) for a single bite, and they broke their word. The aggressors and transgressors (zalim) who do not acknowledge truth or justice do not see the haqq (truth) or law (huquq), and they cannot see the inaam (gift), ihsan (benevolence), exalted omnipotence (qudrah), and the signs of the most exalted omnipotence (qudrah) in the worlds (alamin). They sell themselves for a cigarette or a bite of something, but they do not want to wish to be servants (qul) to Allah. That is why Janâb-i Haqq says the following in the 11th and 12th verses: “Destroy the imams (leaders) of kufr (disbelief).”
Hodja recites a part of the 12th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Imam of kufr means leader of disbelief. There are leaders of kufr (disbelief) all around the world, there are leaders of kufr (disbelief) and zulm (injustice), and there are fathers of ignorance such as Abu Jahl. That is why he was given that name. Abu Jahl means, “father of ignorance.”
Janâb-i Haqq says here that they are enemies of the whole of humankind. They are enemies of iman (faith), haqq (truth), haqiqa (reality). They are enemies of Allah, the prophet, the laws of Allah, and the order of Allah. That is why Janâb-i Haqq said the following.
Hodja recites a part of the 12th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Time Stamp: 5:45
Says, “Fight the leaders of kufr (disbelief).” That is, there are many ways of fighting in Islam. You are to fight the mentality that do not understand from knowledge (ilm), faith (iman), wisdom (irfan), science, book, justice, mercy, and conscience in a way they will understand. That said, you are to fight those who understand with knowledge (ilm) and wisdom (irfan). Now, Janâb-i Haqq says, “Fight the leaders of kufr (disbelief).” Fight them because that is all they understand. Pay attention! This kind of mentality only learns from that. They do not learn from knowledge (ilm), faith (iman), truth (haqq), law (huquq), or justice; they do not acknowledge these. So, who are they? They are those who do not understand or accept knowledge (ilm), who do not understand or accept faith (iman), who do not accept science, who do not accept truth (haqq) and law (huquq), who do not accept justice, who side with injustice (zulm). It is said that these people do not understand. They do not understand from peace, nor will they side with peace. Thus, there is a fight for peace here. Islam is peace itself, and its fight is also for peace. There is no vandalization in Islam. War for vandalization is not present in Islam. War for killing or destroying others is not present in Islam. Rather, think of the leaders of kufr (disbelief) like a virus that spreads to body and it is harmful to humanity. Don’t you need to save the body from that virus?
Let’s say you have a decayed tooth, if it is not possible to treat it, don’t you have to pull it out and throw it away? The leaders of kufr (disbelief) are the bane of people. Janâb-i Haqq tells us to fight them, but fight for peace. The 13th verse says that they wanted to destroy the prophet of mercy (rahmat). See, this mentality does not accept mercy (rahmat), they want calamity. They wanted to destroy even the prophet of mercy (rahmat). Janâb-i Haqq says, “I’ve sent Hz. Muhammad down to the worlds (alamin) as a mercy (rahmat).”
Hodja recites a part of the 107th verse of Surah al-Anbiya .
They are leaders of kufr (disbelief), a mentality that wants to destroy the prophet of rahmat (mercy), they are imams (leaders) of kufr (disbelief). They disacknowledge Allah Ta’ala, the exalted prophet who came from Allah, the exalted book which was sent down to the prophet, and that truth (haqq) and justice (huquq), and that utter justice, and the life that gives eternal bliss. They have a mentality that wishes to destroy the prophet of rahmat (mercy). Allah manifested with mercy (rahmat) to the worlds (alamin). fThe rahmat (mercy) of Islam has been manifested through Hz. Muhammad and Al-Quran Al-Karim. The rahmat (mercy) of Islam is for all the worlds (alamin), heavens and the earth, and all creatures (makhluqat), and foremost humankind.
They wanted to send the Prophet Hz. Muhammad away from Madinah. He was destined to emigrate (hijra) from Mecca. That said, they never stopped chasing him also in Mecca in order to kill him and destroy him.
Time Stamp: 10:30
The mindset that martyred Zechariah and Yahyā, and wanted to crucify Isa has always existed throughout history, and there are leaders of kufr (disbelief), and there will be people like them until the last day (qiyamah). However, there have always been faithful heroes who are not afraid or defeated, and there will always be people like them. That is why they wanted to send Hz. Muhammad away from Madinah. They always attacked. Our Prophet brought peace to the world, and he is the prophet of rahmat (mercy), and prophet of peace, prophet of justice, prophet of truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa), and he is the prophet who established the law (huquq) and order of Allah on earth. See, they wanted to destroy such a prophet, and they wanted to send him away from Madinah. Besides, they had already caused him to emigrate (hijra) from Mecca. Then, they wanted to send him away from Madinah. They always attacked, and they always wanted to destroy those who believed. See, there is such a mentality in the world. There are enemies of truth and reality (haqq and haqiqa) in the world who wanted to carry out a genocide of the faithful generations. There has always been rights (haqq) against these wrongs (batil). Rights (haqq) are always victorious, and they are never defeated. That glorious rophet says the following. Muhammad Mustafa, salla Allahu Ta’ala ‚alayhi wa sallam, and the book, and Islam were sent completely by Allah. There is no doubt about that.
Now, what is the cause of all wars? That is the leaders of kufr (disbelief) who attack haqq (truth), and they are the cause of all wars. They took Expedition of Tabuk as an opportunity and attempted at insurrection.
The example of a believer (mu’min) is faith (iman) inside and outside, along with fear of Allah, peace, and justice. That is why the work of a believer (mu’min) is jihad inside and outside. So, it means this is why iman is jihad, Iman (faith) requires fearing only Allah. There is no other fear where there is iman (faith). Iman necessitates fearing only Allah. It also necessitates loving Allah with every fibre of your being.
When we look at the exploration of the 15th and 16th verses, we see a torment, a deserved punishment, and ihza. Says crush them and establish peace and security. That is, crush the enemies of peace, enemies of truth and justice, and establish peace and security. As you see, the punishment and torment they deserved are to be given to them with complete justice. Almighty Allah brought forth the standard of that. Allah’s justice shall be established, and there is justice in it, not injustice. Allah’s justice is for abolishing injustice, to destroy it. That is, it removes injustice (zulm) and extinguishes the unjust (zalim) so that true justice may be established on earth, and that peace may come to world.
Time Stamp: 15:30
Let the glory o nusrat, haqq, and iman rear up here. Nusrat is Allah’s aid. It is said that the glory of Allah’s aid, justice, and true faith (haqq iman) shall rear up, and there should occur a shifa-i sadr. What is shifa-i sadr? Shifa-i sadr and a felicity occurs when the faith (iman) of Islam settles on one’s inner world, heart, soul, and bosom; and peace is ensured therein. A complete peace and felicity occurs therein. You see, it is to ensure peace and destroy grudge and hatred. Grudge and hatred are gone when justice is established. Removing grudge and hatred is also shifa-i sadr. That is, what destroys a person inside is grudge and hatred. There occurs felicity, peace, iman (faith), and love occurs instead of that grudge and hatred, and these things are settled on a person’s inner world, and there occurs a shifa-i sadr. Let the attacks come to an end. Attacks will come to an end when this justice becomes predominant because the power of justice will destroy the courage of those who attack, and the attacks will come to an end due to the deterrent power of justice. This is one of the goals of Islam. Islam is but an educational power. Islam is but educational. Holy Islam is nusrat (the help of Allah), and a complete victory. Then again, it is a complete peace and justice, and a divine gift (ihsan). Naturally, these should be practiced, and the knowledge (ilm) of this should be studied, and implemented in life. Then, you should see the happiness in the world.
As for tawbah (repentance), one of the permanent gates of salvation is tawbah (repentance) and istighfar (to seek forgiveness). Everyone who has wrongs in the world should renounce the wrongs and abandon kufr (disbelief), shirk (polytheism), nifaq (hypocrisy), zulm (injustice), and ignorance. They should come to iman (faith) and its principles, and repent (tawbah). That should be done with an utter repentance (tawbah), and then the world will become smaller in your eyes, and it will not become an idol in your eyes, you will see the infinite grandeur of Allah, and you will understand that next to the grandeur Allah everything is small or null. This is because those who do not acknowledge the Exalted tend to divinize dwarves, and this is the origin of idolatry. Humankind fell into shirk (polytheism) because they couldn’t acknowledge Most Exalted Allah well. They divinized Ahmad and Mehmet, Isa (Jesus) and Musa (Moses). Otherwise, would they stick fast to creatures (makhluqat) had they knew Allah? That is why if you acknowledge the exaltedness of Allah, the world will become smaller in your eyes and it will not settle in your heart, rather you will ride the world. Then you will use the world in the way of Allah, and it will not rule over you, rather you will rule over the world. The world cannot enter into your heart, rather you will ride the world and use it. These are within servitude to Allah, and there is so much more. So, it means that once you acknowledge Allah Ta’ala through real iman (faith) and real repentance (tawbah), acknowledge Allah and be at the command of Allah, then the world will become smaller in your eyes and in your heart, and it cannot enter into especially your heart, and it will stay out. This is just like the example of a ship out in the ocean. The ship swims over the ocean, and it sinks once it takes on water.
Time Stamp: 20:43
The world shall not enter into people’s heart, and you shall love Allah wholeheartedly, and you shall be at the command of Allah with all your heart, soul, physical and spiritual abilities. You shall use the world in the way of Allah, and not let the world use you. You shall use money, not the other way around. You shall not become a servant of money. Money is just a commodity for you, and it shall serve you, you shall not serve money. Your nafs (self) shall obey Allah. You shall not divinize your nafs (self) and worship it. Your nafs (self) shall worship Allah. When we look at a part of today’s people, they seek fatwa (legal opinion) that sound great to their nafs (self). That is not how you seek fatwa (legal opinion), rather you will have taken fatwa (legal opinion) once your nafs (self) obeys Allah, the Real (al-Haqq). A nafs (self) that does not obey the Real (al-Haqq) is a pharaoh, you should know that. Your heart should be oriented at Allah. You shall be oriented at Allah with every fibre of your being. You should acknowledge that you are in the presence of Allah at all times because isn’t all omnipotence (qudrah) and power (quwwat) from Allah? They are all from Allah.
Now, about iman (faith), iffat (chastity), and taqwa (piety) turning into a habit and character. At one point, iman (faith) will settle in you in a such a manner. At one point dignity, honour, and namus (chastity) will settle in you in such a manner. At one point, taqwa (piety) will settle in you in such manner that these will become a habit and character in you. A character made out of iman (faith)… A character made out of iffat and namus (chastity), dignity, and honour… A character made out of taqwa (piety) will settle in you. A character that is made out of taqwa (piety) will become a habit in you, and truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa) will become established in you. A man of haqq (truth), a man of reality (haqiqa), a man of faith (iman), a man of Islam, Islamic man, Muslim man, this is the result.
You shall be pleased with Janâb-i Haqq’s distribution in the 27th verse of Surah al-Shura . You shall work at the command of Allah the way Allah commanded, and be pleased with the distribution of Allah. Everything that Allah does is filled with wisdom (hikmat), and is the best possible work possible, unique and beautiful; everything Allah does is good. That is, Allah (c.c.).
Allah gave some people a lot and made them rich, and gave some people less. Now, look, is there anyone who knows the character of people better than Allah? Nobody can know this better than the Creator. The Creator knows well. This is because Allah is All-Knowing, and knows all methods of creation. Janâb-i Haqq says some people go astray had they been given more. There are many examples of this. One example is Salebe, what did he do? He was a poor man. He used to sit besides our Prophet when he was poor, and receive education. He wasn’t ever late for mosque, jama’ah (congregation), ilm (knowledge), or irfan (wisdom). He became obsessed with becoming rich, and he would come to our Prophet and beg by saying, “O Messenger of Allah! Pray (dua) so that Allah may give me wealth.”
Time Stamp: 25:22
Our Prophet said to him, “Less wealth whose due you give is better than more wealth whose due you don’t give.” He replied by bringing forward this or that excuse and sweared that he shall give everyone their rights, and give everyone the zakat (poor-dues) they deserve. He sweared he will do charity, and he said so much more. Our Prophet prayed (dua) for him, and the man became rich. The valley in Madinah became narrow compared to this man’s wealth. The officers of zakat (poor-dues) visited him, but he did not want to pay zakat (poor-dues). He said, “Zakat (poor-dues) is a jizyah (tax on non-Muslims), or something close to it.” He said this to the collectors of zakat (poor-dues) whom our Prophet sent to him in our Prophet’s health times. Allah precisely commands that you are to take from the rich and give to the poor and the needy. This is a certain and exalted command of Allah, and our Prophet had sent collectors to Salebe in order to fulfil the command of Allah. Salebe said he will think, and he did not give zakat (poor-dues). Then, this man brought zakat (poor-dues), but verses (ayat) from Allah came. That man became a hypocrite (munafiq). See what wealth turned him into. He turned into a hypocrite (munafiq), he wanted to give the zakat (poor-dues), but Almighty Allah does not accept the deeds of a hypocrite (munafiq), and that is why Almighty Allah told our Prophet not to take his zakat (poor-dues), and he did not take it. These are, one by one, noteworthy lessons.
Salebe brought his zakat (poor-dues) to Abu Bakr after our Prophet, but he did not take it either. He brought it to Umar, and he did not take it. That man passed away in the period of Uthman. This had happened to Karun as well. Karun was poor in the period of Musa (Moses), and then he became rich. In the end he sided with Pharaoh, and became hostile to Musa (Moses). There are narrations that say Musa (Moses) had sent him somewhere as an envoy, and he received a lot of money from the king, and he received wealth and turned back against Musa (Moses), and became hostile against Musa (Moses). Allah likes to give everyone abundantly, but also knows people’s characters, and gives measurably. Ask for the best (khayr) of everything. Ask with iman (faith), amal-e-saleh (good deeds), love of Allah, and jihad in the way of Allah. Do not ever forget that the wealth that is not used in the way of Allah is fire. Don’t you ever forget that!
Janâb-i Haqq distribution is best, and whatever Allah distributed to you in regards to your weight, colour, knowledge, spiritual world, inner world, and outer world, anfusi and afaqi world, and in your lifetime; whatever is ordained for you and whatever fate (qadar) is written for you by Allah is written best, and done good. This goes for all of us, and when we fulfil Allah’s command the way Allah wanted us to fulfil it, then there won’t be anything Allah will not give us; there won’t be anything Allah will not give out of goodness, beauty, grace (lutf), and generosity (karam). Allah has pre-eternal (azali) knowledge of our doings. Allah calibrated good (khayr), and it is us who distort that calibration and good (khayr). Allah knows whether we will distort it or not. Allah knows whether we will do good deeds or not.
Time Stamp: 30:25
Allah leaves us free, gives us freedom, and manages us, gives weight to amnesty aspect. Allah likes to forgive a lot, and the mercy (rahmat) of Allah is endless and boundless. However, humankind goes more and more astray, and becomes more and more spoilt. They do not listen to truth (haqq). They do not listen to reality (haqiqa). Everything is known in pre-eternity (azal), but everyone is being tested. Everyone is undergoing a trial. We are to do what befalls us. What is offered to us by Allah… Islam as a whole is Allah’s offer to us. We shall try to fulfil it as is due, and we shall try to fulfil it with pleasure, advertently, and with sincerity (ihlas), and with the abilities Allah gave you because everything we have is from Allah. Then keep enjoying this but do not meddle with Allah’s work, rather welcome Allah’s ordainment (taqdeer) with pleasure. Try to fulfil your obligation and do not ever forget that you are in a trial! Then again, everything Allah does incorporate so much hikmat (hidden causes), and there are manifold hikmat (hidden causes) within them. Even if you know one of them, you may not know many others. However, Allah is All-Knowing.
We continue with the discovery notes on the 17th and 18th verses. Allah (c.c.) says that a deed (amal) that is not done for Allah is never bring any good (khayr) for eternity. Do not forget this! The deeds (amal) that are not done for Allah never bring any good (khayr), and they will cause trouble to you. So, live for Allah. Breathe for Allah. Earn for Allah, and spend for Allah. Eat and drink for Allah. Whatever you do, do the legitimate things for Allah, and abstain from all sins and harams for Allah. If you are not living this world for Allah, then your worldly life is not Islamic. Now, what does Islam mean? Islam is to live at the command of Allah, and for Allah. Is there a better life than this?
You see, it is immortal life. The real happiness and real immortal life is therein. The schooling of the lessons of the immortal life-giving light (nūr) is therein. It is necessary to study the knowledge (ilm), and everyone should get their lesson well, and be guided (irshad) well, otherwise it will be a shame. Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
Hodja recites a part of the 107 the verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
While one side lives by taqwa (piety), the other side consists of mindsets that wish to harm people, cause fitnah (unrest) and fasad (corruption), always work for causing harm and fitnah (unrest), and want to lay plots for the Prophet.
Look, about Masjid al-Dirar. It was right across the masjid of taqwa (piety), near it, somewhere around it. There was Quba Mosque in Madinah al-Munawwarah (The Enlightened City), and right next to it the hypocrites (munafiq), the insurgents, the spies, and those who sought help from free world and receive aid from the super imperialist states of the world in order to cause insurrection there had built Masjid al-Didar with the desire of seeking an external power by causing insurrection at home. They wanted to make a revolution, and the decisions would be made in their secret loge, about how to plot against Hz. Muhammad. Al-Quran Al-Karim reads the inner worlds of all hypocrites (munafiq). People who know Al-Quran Al-Karim are world’s unique psychologists and sociologists because Al-Quran has come from al-Lawh al-Mahfuz (the Sacred Tablet), and it came from arsh-i ala, meaning it came from the knowledge (ilm) of Allah. It came to al-Lawh al-Mahfuz (the Sacred Tablet) from the knowledge (ilm) of Allah. It is Allah’s Book, and is there something more exalted or superior than that? That is why Al-Quran Al-Karim narrates you corrupted souls that are unjust (zalim), or happy souls that shine with faith (iman), and faithful hearts. We offer treatment to corrupted souls, and give them the true medicine once we understand Al-Quran Al-Karim. We tell the hypocrite (munafiq) to renounce his hypocrisy (nifaq). We tell the denier (munkir) to renounce his denial. We tell the polytheist (mushrik) to renounce his polytheism (shirk). O ignorant! Renounce this ignorance, and there are irfan (knowledge) and fayiz (success) that are presented by Al-Quran Al-Karim. Then again, the Quran may diagnose and detect your problem, and cure you, and prepare you to eternally blissful and immortal life.
Time Stamp: 37:21
See, there is ummâr-ı mesâcid (those who to mosques often and stay in them long). Now, who maintains the mosques? Janâb-i Haqq explains that in Al-Quran Al-Karim. There are mosques and masjids in the world that are built upon taqwa (piety), and they are places of miʿraj (journey). Foremost comes Kaaba Sharif, and there are people who open “Abodes of Didar” under the name of masjid in order to cause harm. See, secret illegal organisations and lodges, and all those who work for the detriment of humankind, regardless of which institute that is, one by one they are all like Masjid al-Didar if they are for the detriment of humanity. That said, there are also mosques and masjids that are places of miʿraj (journey) in the sight of Allah, and they are for the better good of humankind. They have been established of earth for taqwa (piety), and their centre on earth is Kaaba Sharif. They are all linked to Baitullah, and they are all bound to arsh-i ala, the pleasure (riza) and command of Allah. The leader of this on earth is Hz. Muhammad, and Allah’s âlim (Islamic scholar) and mujtahid servants (qul) who follow his path, and the whole of Ummat-i Muhammad (Muhammad’s people). Being bound to that centre, they constitute the spirit of nation (ruh-i milli), and universal spirit. That is unity of spirits (ruh) and faiths (imans), and there is a great spirit (ruh) which is the leader of all spirits (ruh), and that is Hz. Muhammad. That said, Allah has manifested Islam and the Quran to the worlds (alamin) in the person of Hz. Muhammad. That is why there is ummâr-ı mesâcid is those who maintain the mosques and masjids, who repair them, who reconstruct them when it is necessary, and those who worship in them, the jama’ah (congregations) in them, studies of science and schooling. These mosques are abodes of ilm (knowledge) and irfan (learning). They are continuation of fazilat. This is because they are abodes of fazilat. Them being in accord with the purpose of protecting the continuation of these fazilats (merits) is within the scope of ummâr-ı mesâcid. That is, these community that maintains the mosques and masjids is this community called ummâr-ı mesâcid. The congregations (jama’ah) that do these by acting in a way that suits the goal of protecting these masjids and preserving the things we have listed through excelling each other in fazilat (merit), through their worship, repair, congregation (jama’ah), knowledge (ilm), and learning (irfan). That is, they are those who maintain the mosques. There are scholars of ours such as Al-Alusi in the source of this news.
That said, our Prophet has forbidden negative actions in masjids. Our Prophet has said that talking in the masjid, along with improper conversations in mosques that do not suit the spiritual dignity of the mosques and actions that do not suit the spiritual climate of the mosques eat up the good within the masjids just like cattle eats up grass. Then again, there is Al-Alusi in the source of this narration. As for El-Hindî and Suyuti, they are present in the source of another narration. Allah (c.c.) says, “My homes on earth are My masjids, and My visitors are those who maintain them.” That is, those who go to mosques and worship are the visitors, and they are ummâr-ı mesâcid. “They are those who maintain the mosques, and they are My visitors,” says Janâb-i Haqq. “The mosques on earth are My homes. The masjids on earth are My homes,” says Janâb-i Haqq. “How happy is he who cleans himself and comes to the mosque, and visits Me at My home.” Visit who? They come to miʿraj (journey); they stand altogether in the presence of Allah shoulder by shoulder, by folding their hands. See, Janâb-i Haqq says, “He who cleans himself and comes to visit Me at My home. Then it becomes My obligation to treat him.” That is, “I offer treats to My servant (qul), and it is an obligation upon Me to treat him, it is a right.” See, Janâb-i Haqq does not obligate anyone but says the following about the servants (qul) who come to the mosque by themselves and visit Allah, “It becomes an obligation upon Me to treat them.”
Time Stamp: 44:30
This is a hadith qudsi, and the source of this narration is given. In a narration that is given by Al-Suyuti, “Whoever becomes familiar (ulfat) with the masjid, then Allah loves (ulfat) him.” Now, what is ulfat? Ulfat is love of mosque, and muhabbat of mosque. If you love the mosque with ulfat and muhabbat, and your heart becomes accustomed to the mosque, then Allah will love (ulfat) you. According to revered figures like Al-Tirmidhī, Ibn Majah, Al-Darimi, and Ahmad ibn Hanbal, another narration says the following, and these are narrations that come from our Prophet. “Witness that he who keeps going to masjid is a mu’min (believer).”
So, it means that if a person keeps going to mosque in a sincere manner, and attends to the congregation (jama’ah), it is said you should witness that he is a believer (mu’min), said our Prophet. Also in a narration by Al-Suyuti, “Whoever lightens the masjid, as long as he continues it the angels who bear the throne (arsh) will seek forgiveness (istighfar) for him,” that is for those who lighten the masjid. There are two kinds of lightening the masjid, physical and spiritual. To lighten it with knowledge (ilm) is a different king of lightening. That said, being of service to it is also a different kind of lightening. To provide light for the mosque and lightening is also a different kind of lightening. Everyone who contribute to the mosque whether through physical or spiritual service will have a share from that. So, it means that our Prophet said, “The angels that bear the throne (arsh) will seek forgiveness (istighfar) for him.” This is the narration that came from our Prophet. Also says, “Abstain from vain conversation.” That is, do not act in a way that does not suit the physical and spiritual structure of the mosque. He also says that even fisq (impiety) and minor sins are like a spiritual blow to the masjids and mosques. The places where people prostrate (sajdah) to Allah are all called masjids, this is where it got the name. That said, certain people with corrupted souls may use mosques and masjids for other purposes which are not their original purpose. They use them for other purposes. These people are not among ummâr-ı mesâcid, rather they are among ifsad-ı mesâcid. They are those who try to ifsad (corrupt) the mosques and masjids, just like those who had built Masjid al-Didar. If one does not have iman (faith), namaz (prayer), ilm (knowledge), and irfan (learning), then it means he is working for damaging the mosques. Pay attention! The maintenance of the mosque is for it to stand upright for eternity and produce services in accord with its purpose, and it is said that there has to be iman (faith), five times of daily namaz (prayer), zakat (poor-dues), ilm (knowledge), and irfan (learning), and if these are not present, then it means they are working for damaging the mosques. You are to exert all your power for the sake of Islam, which is the complete and true religion (haqq din) in the way of Allah (c.c.). O Muslim! You are to exert all your power and ability so that the gates of truth (haqq), justice, mercy (rahmat), and pleasure (riza) may open. Do you want Allah’s gate of riza to open? So, do you want the gates of mercy (rahmat) to open for you? Do you want the gates of truth and justice to open? Then you are to exert your power in the way of Allah. Why did Allah give power? Why did Allah give you reason (aql)? Why did Allah give you hands, feet, soul, and body? You are to use all that in the way of Allah. You are to use all your aza-i jawahir, organs, systems, cells, flesh, and everything you have should serve Allah, and you are to use them in the way of Allah. That is with every fibre of your being because the creator of all that is Allah, right? How can you use what Allah created for the sake of others? There isn’t another God. There isn’t another creator.
Our discovery notes with regards to the 19th and 20th verses continue. I gave you the short meanings of these verses in our previous lesson. Now, we continue with discovery notes for the verses to be understood better, this is why we convey discovery notes based on authentic sources with riwayat (narration) and dirayat (comprehension), and these are the lessons of the life-giving light (nūr). We are not speaking on behalf of this or that person. We are not speaking in the name of this or that master or commander, or some leader, pioneer etc. We are only translation the utterance (kalam) of Allan. We try to make the glorious Quran which is Allah’s true utterance (haqq kalam), and try to make you understand it. You should know that the ranks and degrees of the mujāhidīn (fighters) are above all degrees. Every Muslim on earth has to be a mujāhid (fighter). Every woman has to be a mujāhadah (female fighter) because jihad is the name of every beneficial service that is done in the way of Allah. So, what is the greatest rank-position? It is jihad. The highest of degrees and ranks is jihad. Do not stop, work in the way of Allah, show your effort. This term encompasses all effort, mujtahids, and mujahidin within itself.
Now in the 95th and 96th verses of Surah al-Nisa .
Time Stamp: 53:14
– The End –