Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 327-328
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 327
On the 73rd to 90th verses of Surah al-Tawbah .
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Hodja recites the 73rd and 74th verses of Surah al-Tawbah .
Almighty Allah commands the following to the Khabib al-Kibriya (Beloved of Allah), Muhammad Mustafa who is between the two worlds, salla Allahu Ta’ala ‚alayhi wa sallam, “O Prophet! Wage jihād against the disbelievers (kāfir) and hypocrites (munafiq), fight. Be severe with them. Their destination is jahannam, and it is such an evil destination.”
Howsoever many deniers and hypocrites there are in the world who deny the truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa), surely, they are the evillest creatures for mankind. It is they who stand in the way of peace and hinder iman (faith), science, truth (haqq) and justice. It is them who attack mankind, and attack truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa). Allah tells him to wage jihād against them in order to establish justice on earth, and in order to make faith (iman), science, and social justice predominant in the world. Janâb-i Haqq also tells him to be severe with them, and that their abode is jahannam, and that it is such an evil destination. Allah also commands the following.
“They swear by Allah that they said nothing ill.”
Because the hypocrites (munafiq) always resort to lie when they are engulfed, and they are always liars and impostors. Deniers (munkir) are also like them, but hypocrites (munafiq) are more dangerous. Almighty Allah adds, “They have surely said the word of disbelief (kufr), and they disbelieved (kāfir) after having entered Islam.”
Hodja recites the related part of the 74th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “They went back to disbelief (kufr) after having entered Islam, and had planned the murder they could not achieve.”
That is, they wanted to kill our Prophet Muhammad. Janâb-i Haqq had shown them the gate of salvation as well, and says, “and they wanted to take revenge only because Almighty Allah gave them out of Allah’s grace and generosity…”
Hodja recites the related part of the 74th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Allah made the believers (mu’min) and the Messenger rich out of Allah’s grace.”
They were poor, and then they became rich. The richness of Muslims is that the hand of mercy reaches out to the poor in the world. Those who know Islam do not leave anyone poor or needy around them, and they fulfil Allah’s command, and they pay the zakat (poor-dues). Everybody should be rejoicing for that, whereas hypocrites (munafiq) would never want Muslims to become rich, and that is why they sought revenge.
Time Stamp: 5:08
Hodja recites the related part of the 74th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “They designed the murder they failed. Whereas there is no reason for them to take revenge except that Allah enriched them (the believers) and the Messenger out of Allah’s grace.” That is why they sought revenge, they couldn’t handle that Muslims were rich and powerful. Janâb-i Haqq still opened a gate of salvation for them, and said, “So, if they repent, it will be good for them.”
Hodja recites the related part of the 74th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Besides, Janâb-i Haqq wants to save all humanity. And added, “And if they turn away, and if they do not repent, then Allah will punish them with a painful punishment in this world and in the afterlife (ākhira).”
There is no escape from Allah.
Allah also says, “And for them there isn’t anyone on earth to protect them or help them.”
Hodja recites the related part of the 74th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Hodja recites the 75th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Among them there are some who made a pledge with Allah, “If Allah gives us out of Allah’s grace (lutf) and generosity (karam), then, surely we will give zakat…”
Hodja recites the related part of the 74th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“… and we will be among the righteous (saleh).”
They were saying, “we will surely give the zakāt,” and they were also saying, “and we will surely be among the righteous,” in the same pledge.
That is, they said, “We will surely give the zakat. We will not devour the rights of the poor and the needy, and we will be among the righteous (saleh).” They made such a promise to Almighty Allah. They gave a promise to Allah in the presence of the Prophet.
If mankind break their word they have given to Allah and the Prophet, they will have betrayed themselves first. See, they will have betrayed themselves first, and then they will have betrayed these exalted values.
Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq says to them.
Hodja recites the 76th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Yet, as soon as Allah granted (ihsan) them out of grace (lutf), they became stingy and went back turning their faces away.” Says that they were already evading all the time. They broke the word they have given to Allah. Allah made them rich, and they devoured the rights of the poor. Now, the rich people on earth who keep accumulating wealth; if there was a just distribution on earth, then there wouldn’t have been poor people on earth. Howsoever many rich people there are in the world who do not pay the zakat (poor-dues), they are devouring and exploiting the poor people around them. They will answer for that on the ruz-i cezâ (the last day) and in the great gathering (mahshar) in the most severe manner.
Time Stamp: 10:11
Howsoever many rich there are who have non-halal wealth and fortune, who do not give the rights of the poor will answer to Allah. Their wealth will become fire, and their heads, sides, and backs will burned by it. Their wealth will be heated up in the fire of jahannam, and it will be pressed on them. They will also suffer a painful punishment of the wealth that they assume they are enjoying in the world. The rights of the poor cannot be devoured. The rights of the needy cannot be devoured. Nobody’s rights can be devoured. As for the rights of the orphans and the deprived, they can never be devoured. No rights can be devoured.
If you don’t want troubles in your body, then eat halal. If you want health, then eat halal. If you don’t want trouble, then eat halal; you may even eat raw onion and dry bread, but eat halal. Don’t you ever eat haram, and do not devour people’s right. Hear ye! Hear ye! Don’t you ever devour anyone’s right! There is no amnesty to rightful dues. Every right-owner will receive their right tomorrow on the Last Day (Ruz-i Caza), in the realm of gathering (mahshar), and they will grab you by the collar. Allah’s armies are in the court of justice on the Last Day (Ruz-i Ceza) and in the greater court (mahkamah al-kubra). Allah’s armies will seize all those who devoured people’s rights, and they will be told to give back their rights. As for those who are unable to give, the sins of the right-owners will be placed on them. In that event the prayers (namāz), fasts, pilgrimages (hajj), alms (zakat), along with good deeds and charities will go in vain, they will go to the right owners. O those who perform namāz, who pay the zakat! O those who take ablution (abdast), and the pilgrims (hajji)! Do not ever devour anyone’s right! Otherwise, all your namāz will be taken from your hands along with fasts, hajj (pilgrimage), good-doings and charity. And if the debt is still not paid, you will go bankrupt in the great gathering. Hz. Muhammad said, “That is muflis!” meaning he said, “That is the one who goes bankrupt.” Don’t anyone go bankrupt! Let us find life and be happy. Why should we go to jahannam while there is salvation? Should we go and eat the rights of this or that person while there is janna (paradise) and the endless mercy (rahmat) of Allah? Doesn’t Allah have bounty (nimat)? The heavens and the earth are filled to the brim with bounties (nimat)! Be a man! Be a faithful Muslim person with good morals, who works in the right way. Only then will you find what has been distributed to you. Surely, you will find whatever has been distributed and predestined for you. Work in the halal way, and teach humanity to humankind. Be a human, be a believer (mu’min), be a Muslim, and teach humanity to humankind. Do not teach them how to steal, devour rights, banditry, or coups! Rather, if you are to topple down something, then topple down disbelief (kufr), and make faith (iman) predominant. Topple down polytheism (shirk), and be beneficial to humankind, work for the better good of humankind. What are those who say, “Let me have it all, let nobody else have it.”? They are worse than vampires. Janâb-i Haqq shows us the reality (haqiqa) through light-shedding verses, in a brighter manner than even sunlight.
Janâb-i Mawla says the following.
Hodja recites the 76th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Yet, as soon as Allah gave them of Allah’s grace (lutf), they became stingy about it, and turned their faces away. Besides, they were veering away.”
These are the ones who did not keep their word.
Hodja recites the 77th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
So, as they broke their promise with Allah, and because they lied, Allah has made the consequence of what they have done to be hypocrisy in their hearts that shall continue until the Last Day.
See, they have earned hypocrisy, and that is why Janâb-i Haqq gave them their earnings as is. What did Allah give? They wanted hypocrisy, and that hypocrisy or nifaq was inscribed into their hearts; and Allah made the consequence hypocrisy because they wanted it. They planted it, and they harvested it.
Our Almighty Rabb says the following.
Hodja recites the 78th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Allah says, “Couldn’t they still learn that Allah knows their secrets, and what they conceal, and what they whisper, and that Allah is knowing of all that is unknown?”
Allah is knowing of everything and all that is unknown. Allah knows what people whisper, and also knows all that is unknown because Allah is All-Knowing. also knows all that is concealed, and knows all that is unknown because Allah is All-Knowing. Mankind should know that right now, Almighty Allah is closer to us than ourselves. Those who disbelieve (kufr) are actually disbelieving (kufr) in Allah in the presence of Allah. Those who associate partners with Allah are actually doing that in the presence of Allah. Those who do injustice (zulm) are actually doing injustice (zulm) to Allah in the presence of Allah. They do injustice (zulm) to themselves and others. As for the rebellious, they are also in the presence of Allah. Allah is closer to us than ourselves. They are being flagrant sinners (fāsiq) while Allah sees them, and they rebel. These are signs their denial. These are also the signs of unwariness, ignorance, disbelief (kufr), and polytheism (shirk). There is a thick veil before their eyes and ears. And their spirits have been covered with dirty veils. The sins, polytheisms, and harams became tarred veils, and they cannot see the truth. They cannot comprehend that Allah is closer to us than ourselves in no way, but why? Because there is no faith (iman), and there is no respect to Allah. They would have obeyed Allah Ta’ala had they known Allah with certainty. They would also do justice in regards to the creatures (makhluqat) that Allah has created, and they would have acted according to the command of Allah. Janâb-i Haqq commands us to love the things that are to be loved, and criticize the things that are to be criticized. Allah has encompassed the realm with a sea of love. Encompassed the realm with mercy (rahmat), justice, grace (lutf), and benevolence (ihsan). Then why are you going for the punishment while there is the mercy (rahmat)?
Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
Time Stamp: 19:40
Hodja recites the 79th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Allah has made a fool out of those who look at the believers and mock those who voluntarily give alms in addition to zakat, and those who cannot find more than what they can afford. There is a painful punishment for them.”
Beloved friends, even if you do a good-deed, a hypocrite (munafiq) never accepts you have done good, and they do not observe whether those who give less could afford it or not. And about those who give more, they say things like, “He had something in mind, and this or that is why he did it.” This is how hypocrites (munafiq) think all the time. As for believers (mu’min), they give what they give for Allah, and do what they can afford. The hypocrites (munafiq) are jealous of those who give the zakat, and do extra good. They accept alms as a penalty of showing themselves as Muslims. See, they accept the zakat they give as a penalty. They give it unwillingly and reluctantly, but they look like they are doing good. They perform the namāz unwillingly, and they look like they are performing namāz. As for believers (mu’min), they know that they set out for a miʿraj (journey) to the presence of Allah with pleasure, and with a complete and deep respect. And the believers (mu’min) are so blissful that our Prophet said, “Namāz is the light of my eye and the bliss of my heart.”
Janâb-i Haqq announced this truth in these verses, and now our lecture continues with the 80th verse of Surah al-Tawbah . Let us see what is commanded in it.
Hodja recites the 80th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
It is the same if you ask forgiveness from Allah for them, or do not ask forgiveness for them. O Prophet! Muhammad Mustafa (saw)! It is the same if you ask forgiveness for those hypocrites (munafiq) or not. Even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah will still not forgive them.
That is, Janâb-i Haqq says, “I will not forgive the hypocrites even if the Prophet asks forgiveness for them.”
There is no intercession (shafa’ah) for the faithless, nor is there even a prayer (dua) of the Prophet. No prayers (dua)are accepted for hypocrites (munafiq), polytheists (mushrik), or deniers, even if it is the Prophet who asks for forgiveness. See what Janâb-i Haqq says, “I will not accept it even if you asked forgiveness for them seventy times.”
May Allah not make us among those who fall into these situations. Almighty Mawla speaks the truths. Allah does not shy away from speaking the truth for Allah is Allah. Every word of Allah is true, and everything Allah does is exalted, and Allah is the only unique and exalted being. That is why…
Hodja recites a part of the 80th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “This is because they have disbelieved in Allah and the Messenger.”
Allah says, “This is why I don’t forgive them; they don’t have faith (iman).”
See, they don’t believe in Allah and they disacknowledge the Prophethood of the Prophet. They disacknowledge the sharia (law) of Islam that Allah has sent down to the Prophet. They do not accept the divine commands and laws. And Allah says, “I will not forgive them even if you asked forgiveness for them seventy times.” Allah says it will not be accepted even if the Prophet repented (tawbah) for them and prayed (dua) for them, and says this to our Prophet in a clear manner. Says, “Allah does not guide (hidayat) such astray and miswandred people who are fāsiqūn.”
See, they have deviated from Allah’s way, and it is said that Allah does not guide (hidayat) them.
Time Stamp: 25:56
Beloved friends, what is the remedy for it? What is the remedy of salvation? It is to believe by adopting a true Islamic faith (iman), and to repent (tawbah) and seek forgiveness (istighfar). One should repent (tawbah) and seek forgiveness (istighfar) and obey Allah, and do not disobey. That is the way out, whoever has kufr (disbelief) or denial should come to faith (iman) right away, and renounce kufr (disbelief). The polytheists (mushrik) should renounce their polytheism (shirk), and they should adopt monotheistic faith (tawhid iman), and acknowledge Allah’s oneness right away, and become Muslims. All hypocrites (munafiq) should renounce hypocrisy (nifaq), and become true Muslims, and straighten their inner worlds. They should purify and cleanse their hearts, souls, and morals. People should come to monotheistic faith (tawhid iman), truthfulness and honesty. Hypocrites (munafiq) are more awry than snakes, and they are worse than cesspools.
Janâb-i Haqq says the following in the other verse of the Quran.
Hodja recites the 81st verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Let us see what our Almighty Rabb says here. Now, let us try to understand the exalted verses of our Almighty Rabb.
Those hypocrites (munafiq) who stayed away from fight and jihad; they did not go to jihad with the Prophet. They remained behind rejoiced for doing so in defiance of the Rasulullah after his departure to war. They said, “It is good that the Prophet marched out in this heat, and we are sitting here really comfortably. And they did not like doing jihad in the way of Allah with their wealth and lives at all, and on top of that they said, “Do not go to battle in this heat,” and they tried to prevent those who were to go. And they said, “Can one go to battle in this heat?” because they are hypocrites (munafiq). They neither listen to Allah nor the Prophet. Now, let us see what Janâb-i Haqq says. Almighty Allah said, “Say, ‘The fire of jahannam is more severe and hotter,’ if only they understood.”
What will those who abandoned Allah’s command and did not set out for jihad because it was hot do tomorrow when they face the fire of jahannam? The fire of jahannam is more severe! Janâb-i Haqq says, “If only they understood, and not end up in jahannam.”
Hodja recites the related part of the verse.
That is what our Exalted Rabb has said.
Time Stamp: 30:05
That is, Allah wants everyone to be saved, but the hearts of the mentality that does not listen to Allah, the Messenger, and Al-Quran Al-Karim have become deaf, and they do not hear the Real (al-Haqq). Their hearts have been sealed up. If the seal is affixed, then it is already over. If it has not been affixed, then maybe one day guidance (hidayat) will reach him.
Hodja recites the 82nd verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “So, let them laugh a little, and weep a lot, as a punishment of the sin they have earned.”
You see those who laugh and play about in the world, they will weep for eternity. Who are those that laugh and play about? They are those who don’t acknowledge Allah, the Quran, the Prophet. They are those who don’t accept truth and reality (haqq wa haqiqa), who don’t accept supremacy of law (huquq). That mentality dances, plays about, jumps, and want to have a wild life in the world. They laugh, jump about, make jokes, but Janâb-i Haqq said that they will cry for eternity. You should come to faith (iman)! Come to faith (iman) and become Muslims so that you may live the blissful life of faith (iman), and that you may not cry for eternity. Hearts and souls rejoice when the real and true iman (faith) enters into them. True happiness and a life of pleasure is in faith (iman). Bliss is in the life that Islam considers immortal. True happiness and a life of pleasure is in the immortal life given by iman (faith) and Islam. Those whose mark is to wake up shall wake up. As for those who lost their mark of waking-up, well, it is up to them.
Hodja recites the 83rd verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “If Allah brings you back to a group of them, and they seek permission from you to march forth to another jihad with you, say to them, ‘You will never march with me ever after.”
From then on, our Prophet did not bring anyone of those whose hypocrisy was apparent into the army, nor did he take them with him. Administration has a time standard. He said, “You were pleased with sitting back before, now, sit with those who stay behind.”
That is, he said to them unless you stop being hypocrites (munafiq), you have no place among the believers (mu’min) because they work for corruption (fitnah) and disorder (fasad) all the time. See, a respite is still granted for them to think, get education and learn, and adopt faith (iman). He did not punish them immediately; do you see this tolerance? He still gave them a respite for education, learning, and guidance. Otherwise, all of these hypocrites (munafiq) are known. They could have been slain by sword. They had done so many wrongs, and they were trying to assassinate the Prophet, they wanted to kill him. But in the end, Allah may delay, but Allah does not forsake. He gave them respite, and in the end those who did not become Muslim among them who always plotted against people, who strived for corruption (fitnah), disorder (fasad), and mischief have got what they deserved, and they were sent straight to jahannam.
Time Stamp: 35:10
Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
Hodja recites the 84th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Our Almighty Rabb says, “If one of them dies,” meaning if one of the hypocrites die, “do not pray the funeral prayer over anyone of them who has died ever, and do not stand by his grave.”
Do not pray (dua) for hypocrites whether they are alive or dead. Dead ones are mentioned here.
“Because they disacknowledged Allah and the Messenger, and died while they were fasiq (rebellious).”
That is, they did not die with iman (faith), and died as fāsiqūn (rebellious). See, the funeral prayers of the disbelievers (kāfir), polytheists (mushrik), and hypocrites (munafiq) are not performed. That is the command in Islam, and the 84th verse says the following.
Hodja recites the related part of the 84th verse.
“If one of them dies, never pray their funeral prayer, and do not stand by his grave. Do not go near their graves. For they disacknowledged Allah and the Messenger, and they died as fāsiqūn (rebellious).”
Now, there are two types of fāsiqūn, those who abandon faith are called fasiq, and also some of those who commit sins though they have faith are also fasiq. The fasiq mentioned here is creed-related fasiq. Deed-related fasiq are sinners, but they are not disbelievers (kāfir). The funeral prayer of a person who had sins will be prayed no matter how much sin he has. As for disbelievers (kāfir), those who stand against truth (haqq) and reality (haqiqa), those who stand against law (huquq), villains, and those who disbelief (kufr) is constant, and those who always attack the Real (al-Haqq), their funeral prayer is not prayed. You cannot pray (dua) for them, and their funeral prayers are not prayed. That is why there are two kinds of fāsiqūn, creed-related fasiq and deed-related fasiq, latter of which are considered among the sinners, and they are not considered among disbelievers (kāfir). Those who are considered among disbelievers (kāfir) are those who disacknowledge Allah, Allah’s commands, Allah’s book the Quran and its verses, and the Prophet. These are people who are open to disbelief (kufr). There is also those who look like they adopted faith, but they act together with the faithless, these are hypocrites (munafiq). As for the signs of hypocrisy… If it is ascertained that a person is a hypocrite (munafiq) through the real understanding of religion that Al-Quran Al-Karim, the Sunnah, ijma (consensus), and true Islamic scholars (ulama) brought forth, then his funeral prayer is not prayed either.
But everyone’s funeral prayer is prayed nowadays, why? If a person says he has believed in Allah, and one of the signs of faith (iman) are seen in him, then we submit the rest of the case to Allah. That is between that person and Allah. However, if there are no signs of iman (faith), then his funeral prayer is not prayed. As long as there is a sign of faith (iman), everyone’s funeral prayer is prayed. So, what did Janâb-i Haqq say about those who have no signs of faith (iman), who are completely in disbelief (kufr) and hypocrisy (nifaq)? Janâb-i Haqq said, “Do not pray their funeral prayer, and do not stand by their graves.”
Time Stamp: 40:00
Hodja recites the 85th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Neither their wealth nor their children should impress you.”
O Muslims! Do not be deceived or impressed by the richness of the hypocrites (munafiq). Do not be deceived by the richness of the deniers, nor be impressed by them! Do not ever envy the wealth and children of the zalim (unjust), fasiq (sinner), and faajir (evil-doer) who bleed humanity dry! Allah admonishes you strictly, telling you that you should not envy those in the person of the beloved (khabib). Says they should never impress you!
Allah wishes to punish them with these in this world, and that their souls depart while they are disbelievers (kāfir), not something else.
Now, please pay attention! Why does Janâb-i Haqq do that? They trusted their wealth, and divinized wealth and money, and they divinized their own abilities and their children, turned these into idols. So, what did Allah do to them with what they worship, their wealth, their children, their kufr (disbelief), shirk (polytheism), and zulm (injustice)? What will they harvest in return of what they planted? They will harvest what they planted. Allah says the calamities they deserved are given, and will be given. That is why Allah punishes them also in the world, there are great calamities upon them in the world, and Janâb-i Haqq wishes that their souls depart while they are disbelievers (kāfir), nothing else. Why does Allah wish that? That is because they wanted so, and Allah does not use force. As everybody has been left free in regards to will, the return of whatever people want with their free-will are given to them, a suitable punishment, that is divine justice. The servant (qul) wants that, he plants that and harvests it. That said, Allah gives the requital of what he deserved.
Hodja recites the 86th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq says, “When Allah sends down a surah, saying, ‘Believe in Allah and go to jihad with the Messenger,’ those who possessed wealth and property asked for permission and said, ‘Let us sit with those sitting back.’.”
That is, they did not want to go to jihad.
See, Almighty Allah gives news about these.
Hodja recites the 87th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“They were happy to sit with those who sit behind. Their hearts have been sealed.”
There are verses of jihad that say, “Do jihad in the way of Allah,” and once a person does not accept that and deny that, kufr (disbelief) enters your heart. On top of that, because they lied and because they abandoned the jihad, and because they objected to the Prophet, and because they did not want to do the commands of Allah, and because they secretly disbelieved and denied these, what happened? Allah says, “Their hearts have been sealed.” There is a grave trouble for abandoning the jihad. The unjust (zalim) will conquer the world when you abandon the jihad, and there won’t be peace in the world. Islam is the religion (din) of peace, and you should save the world from the tyranny of the unjust (zalim) in order to establish peace so that humankind may be saved.
“So, they do not understand.”
That is, Janâb-i Haqq says that those who abandon the jihad do not know the truth, and they do not understand.
Hodja recites a part of the 87th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Time Stamp: 45:30
Hodja recites the 88th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
Janâb-i Haqq says that the Prophet and the believers with him, those heroes, those male and female fighters (mujāhid) have done jihad with their wealth and their lives. They said, “Either martyrdom or ghazidom! Either freedom or death!” Many of them drank the juice of martyrdom, and many of them emerged as heroes and ghazis, they became heroes and ghazis. Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
Hodja recites a part of the 88th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“It is they who attain the murad (desire), and all the best things belong to them.”
Do you see? The best things belong to the fighters (mujāhid), and it is they who attain the murad (desire). The fighters (mujāhid) are those who attain their murad (desire) for eternity, but why? Because there won’t be tranquillity in the world without jihad, and peace cannot be established or protected. For one thing, you are to establish peace, and protect peace with principles of truth and justice. You will not devour the rights of any creature on earth, you will not exploit, and you will implement justice. That is what jihad is for, it is to make the Real (al-Haqq) predominant, and make supremacy of rights (huquq) predominant. Allah Ta’ala is the Real (al-Haqq) being, and the laws of Allah are the huquq (rights) of Allah. That is why the most exalted huquq (rights) and supremacy of huquq (rights) is the huquq (rights) of Allah.
Hodja recites the 89th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
“Allah has prepared for them gardens (jannah) beneath which rivers flow.” Gardens (jannah) have been prepared for fighters (mujāhid), and they are prepared and ready and the moment, and they shall abide therein for eternity. The fighters (mujāhid) who are deserving of janna will abide in that janna for eternity, and Janâb-i Haqq says, “That is the supreme salvation.”
Hodja recites a part of the 89th verse of Surah al-Tawbah .
O beloved listeners! May Janâb-i Haqq make us among those who attain that salvation. You see, the lessons of the life-giving light, the glorious Quran is shedding light. They shed not fire, but light! If there is a light of polytheism (shirk), which is other than the light of the Quran, then it is not light, but fire. The light of disbelief (kufr) is also fire, it is not light. Light or nūr is name of the light that Allah has lit, and Al-Quran Al-Karim has brought forth. Islam itself is light (nūr), and its source is Al-Quran Al-Karim. As for the revered figure in whose heart this light (nūr) was lit first, it is Hz. Muhammad (asw). That is why Hz. Muhammad is like a sun that lightens the worlds. Believers are like stars around him, and those who get more shares from the Quran shine more. Whoever does not take their share from Al-Quran Al-Karim will extinguish, and he will be pulling himself towards a pitch-black dungeon of jahannam, and it will be a shame.
Time Stamp: 50:00
Allah is the Rabb (Lord) of us all. Al-Quran Al-Karim is Allah’s book that came for us all. Islam is the divine light that shines for us all, and it is Allah Ta’ala who makes it shine, and completes the light. It is Allah Ta’ala who has chosen Islam as the religion (din). Allah says the following.
Hodja recites a part of the 3rd verse of Surah al-Maidah .
I have chosen Islam for you, and I am pleased with it.
Hodja recites a part of the 3rd verse of Surah al-Maidah .
I have perfected your religion (din), Islam.
Hodja recites a part of the 3rd verse of Surah al-Maidah .
I have completed My blessing on you.
The greatest blessing is that of faith (iman) and Islam. Those who are deprived of this are deprived of all blessings. In that case, your world is only as much as your life-span. What about what is beyond that? The eternal life will begin. Should this life be in jahannam? Or, should that life be in janna? Islam prepares you to janna, and immortal life, and that is why it came to the world. Janâb-i Haqq has sent down Islam, and assigned Hz. Muhammad to the universe, made him the Prophet of Mercy; the universal Prophet of all the worlds. We are striving to convey this! Hear ye! Hear ye! If I did not love you in the full sense of the world, then I would not do these lessons and I would enjoy myself. However, I am a servant (qul) of Allah. You are servants (qul) of the same Allah. We are us, and we are from each other, we are servants (qul) of Allah. It is like that, so let us tell each other the truths. That is what Allah commands, tells us to spread (tabligh) these, and tells us to narrate Al-Quran Al-Karim to the world, to all humankind. To narrate Al-Quran Al-Karim to the world is to work for the eternal salvation for the whole of humankind, and to work for the greater good of humankind.
May Janâb-i Haqq make us people who work for the better good of one another, who never harm one another, who encompass each other with endless and boundless love of truth (haqq) and faith (iman); that is love of iman (faith) and Islam. So, what should we do in order to love Exalted Allah Ta’ala and to love what Allah loves? We will perform our duty against each other. We will work for the better good and benefit of one another. Let us love Allah with every fibre of our being, so that Allah may love us too. The worlds (alamin) are filled to the brim with love because Allah created the worlds (alamin) with mercy (rahmat), and the source of mercy (rahmat) is love. Love of Allah is the essence of life, and the eye of the heart, don’t forget! Love is the essence of life, and the eye of the heart, but which love? That is love of Allah. So, how can one love Allah? Your heart is to affirm Allah’s commands with pleasure, and you are to acknowledge Allah by the exalted attributes (sifāt) of Allah. You are to accept and affirm Allah’s commands, and confirm them with your tongue, and then you will try to fulfil Allah’s commands with everything you got, and obey, and do not rebel. That is the apparent type of love. One cannot say, “I love Allah,” by rebelling against Allah. In that case, Allah’s curse will descend upon you, and you will see that what you assumed was love is actually curse. Love of lust, love of wealth, love of property, love of this or that are like seeing a mirage in a desert, it may seem like that for a moment but then it will disappear. The love that exists for eternity is love of Allah (c.c.). While you recite Allah’s name, recite with every fibre of your being, because our beings completely belong to Allah.
Time Stamp: 55:00
Recite Allah’s name with every fibre of your being, and love Allah with every fibre of your being; not by the corner or side of your heart, rather love wholeheartedly. And beg this love, come to Allah’s gate of mercy (rahmat), come to Allah’s exalted presence, and beg from Almighty Allah by holding out your heart. Say, “My Allah! Fill me to the brim with Your love. Do not make me among those who worship idols and serve people slavishly,” supplicate to Allah by saying these, and ask from Allah. Only then will you love the things that are to be loved for Allah, and you will have loved your wife correctly, and you will be pleasing her. And you will have loved your children correctly, and make them happy because this is a love whose source is intact. This is permanent and eternal love! You will love the ones you love correctly, and you will show them true love, and true love will reflect upon you from accross.. That is why the essence of life is love of truth, and the eye of the heart is Allah’s love in the real sense. Other types of love are not love, rather they are bane of your life, and they substitute kufr (disbelief) and shirk (polytheism). Things that you love are not love when you don’t love them for Allah because nobody can be loved like Allah, but they may be loved for Allah. Why? Because when you acknowledge Allah Ta’ala without an equal or partner, then you will fulfil Allah’s commands. Allah’s commands are exalted, just like Allah is exalted. So, what does our Prophet say? He says, “You cannot enter janna unless you become a believer (mu’min), and you cannot be perfect believers (kamil mu’min) unless you love each other.” See, for one thing we are to learn with which love are we going to love each other. We are to learn the love in the Quran, and in the Islam. This begins with true faith (iman), there is no love of truth where there is no faith (iman), there is no divine love. There is lust, and love of idols in that event. There won’t be true love where there is no true faith (iman). There is no true love where there is no obedience and worship to Allah. Because our goal is to love and be loved. Our goal is to love Almighty Allah, and be loved by Allah.
Hodja recites a prayer.
See, that is what we look for, and strive for, and what we desire.
Hodja recites a part of the aforesaid prayer.
All awliya never stop reciting this, what do they say?
Hodja recites a part of the aforesaid prayer.
They say, “My Allah! My purpose is You.”
Hodja recites a part of the said prayer.
“My request, desire, and want is your pleasure (riza).”
So, love your Rabb, and try to earn your Rabb’s love. Salvation is here in true faith (iman), and being a true Muslim. The whole world from 7 to 70, everyone should take abundant share from these lessons of the life-giving light of Al-Quran Al-Karim. Every corner of the world should be amply guided with the Quran. Your heart should eat and drink from the garden of the Quran. You should make your soul drink from the fountain of the Quran as much as it wants. Your heart, soul, head, inside, and outside will be enlightened by the Quran, for light is therein. May Janâb-i Haqq make us among servants (qul) who are eternally blissful.
Time Stamp: 59:49
– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 328
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Hodja prays in Arabic.
Dearest and most valuable audience, after giving the exalted meanings of the exalted verses of the exalted book our Almighty Rabb, after giving you the essence of the essence, we continue the lessons of the life-giving light with the discovery notes. The source of light is Al-Quran Al-Karim. That said, Al-Quran Al-Karim belongs to Allah, and it is kalamullah (Allah’s utterance). It belongs to the knowledge (ilm) of Allah. That is why we should understand and comprehend the life-giving lessons of Al-Quran Al-Karim thoroughly in order to find life and attain the immortal happiness, and we should understand this well from the age of 7 to 70 until the grave. Almighty Rabb makes mention of jihad (struggle) in these verses of the Quran. Especially, in Islam jihad is the pinnacle. Every Muslim, male and female, are fighters (mujahid), and everyone has to be like that because there is no day or night in regards to jihad. At first, we need to chasten (tarbiya) our souls (nafs), and ensure its obedience to Allah. We also need to submit our souls (nafs) to the command of Allah, the Quran, the Prophet, and faith (iman). After establishing that, we need to attain maʿrifa (inner knowledge), and lights of fayiz (success). Without achieving this, nobody can achieve victory in other jihads, the major jihad (jihad al-akbar) is to submit the soul (nafs) to the command of Allah, and the command of faith (iman) and the Quran firstly, and it is to establish a state of faith (iman) in the heart and the soul. After that comes unification of the faiths, which constitute unity of souls, which brings peace to the world. That is why our beloved Prophet spent 13 years in Makkah al-Mukarramah, in the period of Mecca, and also 2 years in Madinah, he spent that time for guidance (irshad) and the forming of a national spirit (ruh-u-milli). And we can especially see in the period of tabligh (reaching out) that this is a period of irshad (guidance) and tabligh (reaching out). After that an Islamic State was found, and laws were implemented with its establishments and rules, and decrees came and decrees were implemented. So, it means that Muslims certainly have to become fighters (mujahid) in the real world (afaq) and their inner worlds (anfus), and as the religion (din) of Islam is nothing but peace and justice, they have to establish this on earth. And this is for the better good for the eternal bliss of all creatures (makhluqat) and all people, foremost humankind.
Time Stamp: 5:00
That is why Janâb-i Haqq has manifested with Islam. Islam is the embodiment of beginningless (azali) and endless (abadi) bliss and salvation. It prepares people to a happy life, an immortal life. As for lack of faith (iman), book (kitab), and Islam, and prepares a person to the worst life. Being deprived of Islam is the opposite of Islam. These worlds belong to Allah (c.c.). That is what Allah says. What Allah says is truth and reality, and there is no second god., and nobody has the chance to come up against with an alternative deity. Nobody has that chance! Allah is one, and the only absolute and all-able ruler is Allah Ta’ala. Allah says, “I will rule over the heavens and the earth.” And the Pharaohs say, “I will rule.” See, they don’t acknowledge Allah. And the Pharaohs say, “I will rule without acknowledging Allah.” Pharaohs say, “I will rule without acknowledging Allah’s decrees (hukm).” So, what do Pharaohs do? They tyrannize people. They don’t want faith (iman), Islam, social justice, peace, and tranquillity. Rather, they want to gain profit and ensure their reign over blood and murder; they are zalimun (unjust) of the era. That is why the divine justice that shall say stop to this, and legal system (huquq), and supremacy of rights (huquq) have been brought forth by Almighty Allah. That is for the salvation, peace, and brotherhood of all humankind. That is why we need to get jihad right, and the scope of jihad is too wide, and every beneficial work is named jihad. The scope of jihad encompasses much more than war and fighting, that is why those who never accept the jihad in no way, and bring terror should know that Islam came to eradicate terror from its root, and came to establish peace. That is the jihad in Islam, it is for eradicating terror, and to remove injustice (zulm), disbelief (kufr), hypocrisy (nifaq), as well as tyrants and imposers; it came to bring forth true and noble freedom and liberty. The guarantor of liberty is only Allah Ta’ala because Allah created life. Allah created what is created as free, and the guarantor of liberty is Allah.
Now, about the hypocrites (munafiq), Janâb-i Haqq especially ripped through the hypocrites (munafiq) in these verses of Surah al-Tawbah  in such a manner, and Janâb-i Haqq exposed and recited their mental states in such a manner that, Allah has held all their obnoxiousness against them. Hypocrites (munafiq) are secret disbelievers (kāfir).
Jihad against hypocrites is done by bringing forth evidence and publishing documents. Evidence is brought forth and documents are published in the face of hypocrites, and thus jihad is carried out against the hypocrites or munafiq. That is because hypocrites look like Muslims from outside, but they are secretly disbelievers. That is an internal disease and a nuisance to the world of Islam. See, the mischief makers, people of fitnah (affliction) and fasad (depravity) and secret coup plotters are the hidden illegal organisations of this era, and the source of terror is these secret hypocrites (munafiq). That is because hypocrites (munafiq) are secret disbelievers (kāfir), and they look like Muslims. Almighty Allah teaches how to fight them in the best possible manner. You are to bring forth evidence because they claim they are Muslims.
Time Stamp: 10:10
So, the religion (din) of Islam clearly states in its own sources that there is no terror in Islam but there is jihad, that jihad is a complete justice and a complete movement of peace, that it is oriented at defying harm and bidding benefit, and that it is a beneficial movement for establishing peace, justice, and supremacy of rights (huquq) on earth. That is why jihad against hypocrites is done by bringing forth evidence from the essential sources of Islam, and disclosing documents. So, what are ways of jihad? The first and most beautiful fabric of jihad is knowledge (ilm) and learning (irfan). For one thing, jihad is done primarily with knowledge (ilm), language, along with truth and justice. However, sword may be used against people who do not understand from knowledge, the Quran, faith, truth, justice, law, supremacy of law, that is war has been commanded in Islam if necessary. This is because the zalim (unjust) are not given any chances to do anything, and the homeland and nation are not put in danger. Jihad may also be carried out through press and media because the means of knowledge include ways of communication. If knowledge is being conveyed to the people through whichever way, such as press and media, and there are many ways to make jihad by working and striving. War is only one of the scopes of jihad, and there are many ways, aspects, and methods of jihad. But war is only one of them, and it is only utilized for peace when it is necessary. It is not done for hanging, cutting, destroying, or shedding blood. Rather it is done to leave no quarters to the tyrants who do not accept truth and justice, knowledge and learning. And it is to establish justice. Our master, Hz. Muhammad Mustafa (asw), our Prophet had stayed for 2 months in the Expedition of Tabuk. Meanwhile, in this 2-month period verses were coming to our Prophet again, and the mental states of the hypocrites (munafiq) who did not join the expedition were recited by Almighty Allah in these verses. See, hypocrites do not join in jihad, but they dive into matters of terror. Yet they do not join in jihad, especially these hypocrites or munafiq did not join even the army of the Prophet. Verses were being revealed about them, and the mental states of the hypocrites were being announced and recited by Janâb-i Haqq. The hypocrites (munafiq) in the army were hearing these, and one of them was a hypocrite or munafiq called Julas ibn Suwayd. Some of them had joined the army, and some of them had not. And the goal of those who joined was different. Being among these hypocrites, Julas ibn Suwayd said the following, and the faithless always speak like this. He said, “If what Muhammad (asw) said is true, then we are worse than donkeys,” because the verses came and the inner worlds of the hypocrites were revealed, and masks were dropped.
Time Stamp: 15:12
See, he says, “We are worse than donkeys if what Muhammad says is right.” A hypocrite named Julas ibn Suwayd had said that, and there was a faithful person with him called Amr ibn Qays al-Ansari, and he had heard it. At that time Amr ibn Qays al-Ansari, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain, said “Yes,” to the hypocrites, and added, “I swear to Allah that Muhammad (asw) is surely right, absolutely right. Those who doubt Muhammad are unbelievers (zindiq), disbelievers (kāfir), and hypocrites (munafiq), and you are worse than donkey,” he said to the hypocrite. Then, our Prophet (asw) was informed about this situation. Our Prophet called the hypocrite called Julas. He told his people to call him. Now, it is always a custom of hypocrites, they always lie, and they take swear lying oaths. One of the apparent signs of hypocrisy is to lie, and perjury. This hypocrite called Julas swore an oath that he did not say it. As for Amr, he said, “My Allah! These hypocrites made me look like a liar.” See, this faithful person started supplicating to Allah. Amr was a venerable figure, and he said, “My Allah! Send verses to the Messenger. These hypocrites made me look like a liar,” and he begged to Allah, then this verse was revealed. Now, pay attention! That hypocrite or munafiq called Julas had become a repentant, and he repented (tawbah). There are certain hypocrites (munafiq) who repented (tawbah) and came to faith (iman), but it is hard for a hypocrite (munafiq) to become a Muslim. With that said, it is possible through Allah’s guidance (hidayat). Now, there is Suyuti among the sources of this narration, and it is under record in Al-Dur al-Manthur. During the return from Tabuk to Madinah, which is Madinah al-Munawwarah (The Enlightened City)… See, our Prophet was on his way back from the Expedition of Tabuk which took 2 months, and he was on his way back to Madinah. On the way back, there were 15 people from among hypocrites (munafiq), they were 15 terrorists. At night, in darkness, near a hill where the hillside got steep, those 15 terrorists had decided to strike our Prophet suddenly at night, and push him down the cliff. Ammar ibn Yasir was pulling the bridle of his horse, and Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman was coming with his mount from behind. Hudhayfah heard footsteps along with clink and chink of weapons. He looked only to see a group of murderers whose faces were covered, and they were coming towards them. Hudhayfah shouted the following loudly.
Hodja recites the original text of the following quote.
“O enemies of Allah! Come to your senses! O enemies of Allah! Come to your senses!”
He shouted them loudly saying that, and they ran away in fear because it was a miracle of Hz. Muhammad that his enemies would tremble with fear against him. Then again, object lessons about the mental states of the hypocrites (munafiq) are being narrated in these verses, and at the same time, people-types that trust their wealth and turn their wealth into idols in their hearts, and their demeanour changes when they become rich, and they turn into hypocrites; they are pointed out as well. We can also understand the following from these verses.
A man called Tsalabah Ibn Hathib, who was a poor man, would come to our Prophet more often than not, and say, “O Messenger of Allah! Pray for me, so that Allah may give me wealth.” He would come more often than not.
Time Stamp: 20:52
Our Prophet said, “O Tsalabah! That a little treasure and you are able to be grateful for it is better than a lot of treasure but you are not able to be grateful for it.”
See, that Tsalabah said again to our Prophet, and he said that while swearing by Allah. He said, “I will surely pay every right-owner his right.”
That is, he said he will pay the zakat (poor-dues), and do charity as long as he becomes rich and possesses wealth. He came repeatedly, and gave promises by swearing by Allah. Then, our Prophet prayed (dua) for him, and this man became owner of a flock of sheep or goats. His animals would reproduce non-stop, and even the plains of Madinah al-Munawwarah (The Enlightened City) became narrow for his wealth, he would then go to wider valleys. Endless and boundless wealth had occurred, and this man became rich after the prayer (dua) of our Prophet. Then, Tsalabah stopped coming to congregation (jama’ah), he stopped participating in the Friday namāz. He started to abandon the namāzs (prayers), stopped coming to congregation (jama’ah), and stopped coming to the jumu’ah namāz (Friday prayer).
One day, our Prophet (asw) asked about him, “What happened with Tsalabah?” he said that, and after that he said the following.
Hodja recites the original text of what our Prophet said.
“Oh no! Oh no!” said our Prophet and added, “Woe to Tsalabah! Woe to Tsalabah!”
See, that is wealth. There is wealth that destroys people, and there is wealth that carries people to jahannam. It enters a person’s heart and becomes an idol, from then on, he will neither listen to Allah nor listen to the Prophet. He will worship his wealth and turn into a hypocrite (munafiq) unwittingly. In the end, the verses whose meanings we have given were revealed. Now, among the sources of this narration there is Suyuti. We can also find this narration in sources such as Suyuti, and Alusi’s Ar-Rūh al-Ma’ānī.
Then, our Prophet sent 2 collectors to Tsalabah for zakat (poor-dues). Now look, this was for zakat or poor-dues, and this man had become extremely rich. Let us see what Tsalabah said when 2 collectors came to him. He said, “What is this jizyah for?” And he wanted them to leave, and asked for time to think. See, he did not want to give, and the officers returned without taking anything from him, or saying anything to him. That said, before the collectors returned to our Prophet, our Prophet was informed of the situation about Tsalabah by Janâb-i Haqq.
Before the collectors came to our Prophet and said something he said the following.
Hodja recites the original text of what our Prophet said.
He said, “O no! Woe to Tsalabah!”
After a certain amount of time passed, Tsalabah came with his zakat (poor-dues), and our Prophet (asw) says, “Allah (c.c.) told me not to accept your zakat (poor-dues). Allah Ta’ala forbade me.” He said, “O Tsalabah! Allah does not accept your zakat (poor-dues),” and he did not accept his zakat (poor-dues). After our Prophet (asw), Abu Bakr also did not accept it. His zakat was not accepted by Umar either. Even in the reign of Uthman, meaning during the reign of these caliphs, it was not accepted. In the time of Uthman this man had perished. Now, when we look at the 77th verse of Surah al-Tawbah , we can see people who turn into hypocrites (munafiq) or disbelievers (kāfir) due to wealth.
Time Stamp: 26:25
Sometimes poorness may lead some astray, and certain rich are led astray by their wealth. When hypocrisy (nifaq) enters into this depravement, the heart turns into a hypocrite (munafiq). See what is said, “His heart was turned into a hypocrite (munafiq) until last day (qiyamah). See, the heart of Tsalabah was turned into a hypocrite (munafiq), but due to what? See, he trusted in his wealth, and did not accept Allah’s command. Allah’s command does not accept doubt, and once you doubt about Allah’s command, there won’t be faith (iman) therein. There is hypocrisy where there is doubt, and there is disbelief (kufr), but there is no faith (iman). Faith or iman does not accept doubt. The way of iman is certain affirmation (tasdiq), and it proves itself through confession (iqrar). The heart affirms (tasdiq) the exalted values in a certain manner without having second thoughts, and also affirms (tasdiq) the exaltedness of the Exalted, and the exalted commands. That said, his tongue confirms (iqrar) this, and he starts living what he believes. See, that is both iman (faith) and Islam. Now, about the matter of tatawwu, it means voluntary. Meaning, the voluntary (nafila) acts of worship which are extra, after the obligatory (fard) and necessary (wajib) ones, are called tatawwu. That is why Muslims should fulfil the fards (obligatory), wajibs (necessary), and sunnah (customs), and achieve mustahab (liked). See, when mustahab (liked) is achieved, taqwa (piety) is fulfilled, and din (religion) is also fulfilled. When detachment or zuhd is fulfilled, the gates of inner knowledge (marifat) will start to open. The gates of inner knowledge (marifat) will not open to a person unless he fulfils the whole of sharia (law), taqwa (piety), and zuhd al-taqwa (detachment and piety). Naturally, there are exceptions whom are given innately by Allah’s grace (lutf), but they do not break the rule. The fundamental rule here is what Allah offers the servant (qul), and that is the whole of sharia (law).
Now look, one time ‚Abd al-Rahman ibn ‚Awf brought 40 okka of gold extra, other than the obligatory or fard alms such as zakat. He brought it to our Prophet to be spent in the way of Allah. See, 1 okka is worth 40 dirhams of money, and he brought 40 okka. See, 1 okka is 40 dirhams of money. Also, according to another narration he had brought 4000 dirhams.
Time Stamp: 30:00
He says, “O Rasulullah. I had 8000 dirhams, and I reserved 4000 dirhams of mine for my Rabb, for the pleasure (riza) of Allah.” He also said, “I had left the other 4000 dirhams to those at home.” Now, pay attention, our Prophet (asw) Hz. Muhammad Mustafa had prayed (dua) for him. Prayed (dua) for whom? He prayed (dua) for ‚Abd al-Rahman ibn ‚Awf, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. You should also recite this prayer (dua), and Muslims should recite this prayer (dua) for each other. This is a prayer (dua) of our Prophet.
Hodja recites the aforementioned prayer (dua).
Our Prophet (asw) says, “May Allah make blessed what you have given, and what you have left at home.” That is, may Allah bring barakat (prosperity) to it, and he recited that prayer (dua). See, this revered figure called ‚Abd al-Rahman ibn ‚Awf had become in possession of such a fortune that he owned a great deal of wealth after. Howsoever much you spend in the way of Allah, you will become endlessly and boundlessly rich, and this will come from the grace (lutf) and generosity (karam) of Allah. It will not come from Allah’s wrath; it will not come to destroy you. But there are also many types of wealth that come to destroy you. There are many types of wealth that come to ruin a person, it is istidraj or gradual destruction. As for the richness that come from Allah’s grace (lutf), it comes from Allah’s way, and it is spent in Allah’s way, and it is a boundless and eternal capital. Because everything of us belongs to Allah. Allah gives you more as you spend in Allah’s way. He came to posses a great deal of wealth. ‚Abd al-Rahman ibn ‚Awf had 4 wives, and 1/8 of his wealth were distributed upon his death, and the name of her 4th wife was Nadir (r.a.). See, it is said that his 4th wife came to agreement with 80.000 dirhams. Pay attention! The share of his 4th wife was 8/1, and it was equal to 80.000 dirhams. Now, if you compare that with the wealth that was distributed among the inheritors, the total of it is an amount that we cannot even calculate today, there was such a big wealth around. Because the share of his 4 wives was 80.000 dirhams each, just calculate it and include the ones that were given to his children and also other inheritors, and the total of it is only the 1/8 of his total wealth. How, this 80.000 times 4 is only 1/8 of his total wealth, and consider the rest of it. If you add up the 7/8 of it adds up to a great, endless, and boundless amount of wealth which hard to calculate. See how rich Allah makes.
Moreover, Asim ibn Adi from the ashab (companions) had brought 100 bunches of date. See, he would water gardens at night in Ukayr, and he would earn 2 sâ‘ worth of date, and brought 1 sâ‘ worth of date. Pay attention! The generosity of the ashab, and their jihad with wealth in Allah’s way, and their jihad with their lives had settled in their hearts. Their inner worlds are a like this, they are generous and charitable people who took pleasure in spending in the way of Allah. Foremost comes Abu Bakr, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. Now, even he who earns two sâ‘ brings half of it, and do you know what hypocrites (munafiq) used to say about these charitable people? Hypocrites or munafiq always hinder good. They claim these are brought for showing-off, and they say, “Are Allah and the Messenger in need of one sâ‘ worth of date?” Whereas Allah and the Messenger of Allah are not in need of anything. So, what is the goal here? The goal is to take from the rich and give to the poor, and establish social justice and divine justice.
Time Stamp: 35:50
Hypocrite (munafiq) does not believe in Allah and sawāb (reward). As the hypocrite (munafiq) disbelieves in the exalted values of the religion (din), he says this to the charitable people, “They bring it to show-off. Are Allah and the Messenger in need of 1 sâ‘ of date?” That is the mindset of hypocrites (munafiq), and at that time these verses were sent down. Janâb-i Haqq inscribes the scrap of heart that is in the hypocrites to their faces, and the 79th and 80th verses were sent down after these words of the hypocrites. Then again, Holy Islam and the Quran recites the mental states of all nations in the world. You may understand the mental state of a person if you talk a little, go on a journey with him, go to shopping, or be a neighbour, but you will understand if you know the lights of discovery of Al-Quran Al-Karim. Otherwise, if you are not a discoverer, then how will you discover? Islam is but a complete light, and it is a discoverer. It discovers the souls, and brings them before you. What is called true science, sociology, psychology, the real ones of these in the world, ones that are true and sacred are in Islam. If there are beneficial sciences (ilm) in the world, then they are extensions of Islam and the Quran. You can find all sciences (ilm) in the heavens and the earth, and the roots of all branches of science (ilm) in Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim. There is no root of knowledge (ilm) that you cannot find, the root of every knowledge (ilm) is present in Al-Quran Al-Karim. That said, these have extensions from the Arsh-i Ala to the earth, from pre-eternity (azal) to eternity (abad), and from eternity (abad) to pre-eternity (azal), and this is above nature, and encompasses nature inside and outside. These are exalted knowledges (ilm) above nature. That is why our lesson continues with discovery notes. About exploring the verses, they are explored through the Quran itself. Verses are explored by verses, and verses are explored by the words of Hz. Muhammad. For one thing, this is a necessity of knowledge (ilm) of the Quran. After that, we are to continue the exploration by diving into noble sources in terms of narration (riwayat) and comprehension (dirayat). The textual (kitābi) and cosmological (kevni) verses/signs (ayat) should be explored.
Now, after announcing these truths, let’s talk about Ibn-i Ubay’s son. Now, who was Ibn-i Ubay? He was the chief of hypocrites (munafiq), and he was an arch-hypocrite. This Ibn-i Ubay had a son, but he was a truly sincere Muslim. This hypocrite (munafiq) had a son named Abdullah, and he was a true Muslim. That hypocrite (munafiq) had died one day. Surely, he was going to die because the faithful and the faithless all die.
Time Stamp: 40:00
The zalims (unjust) die, and âlim (Islamic scholar) also die. That is why both rich and the poor die. The judges die. Generals die. Doctors die. Is there anyone who does not die? Is there anyone who will not die? There is a single immortal being, and that is Allah Ta’ala who is al-hayyu l-qayyūm. There is death for everyone other than Allah. However, one day Janâb-i Haqq removes death, and makes those whom are placed in janna (paradise) live for eternity. That is Allah’s sustentation. Allah places others in jahannam, and makes them suffer punishment therein. And that is where Allah implements justice. Justice is to give the requital of every crime. If that does not happen, then there will not be a value of good-doing, and there will not be justice. Can iman (belief) and kufr (disbelief) be the same? Can injustice and justice be the same? Can goodness and evil be the same? That is why janna (paradise) and jahannam (hell) are not the same. Allah’s grace (lutf) is manifested to faith (iman) and good deeds (amal-e-saleh). Allah’s justice and punishment are manifested to kufr (disbelief), shirk (polytheism), hypocrisy (nifaq), and injustice (zulm). That is manifestation of justice. On one’s side Allah’s grace and benevolence (lutf-u ihsan) is manifested as well as Allah’s endless and boundless mercy (rahmat), and on the other side Allah’s justice and punishment are manifested. Justice is also a mercy (rahmat), because the unjust (zalim) will get away with their injustice (zulm) when there is no justice, the disbeliever (kāfir) will get away with his disbelief (kufr), and the hypocrite (munafiq) will get away with his hypocrisy (nifaq). Then what about the difference between good and evil? What about goodness of the good?
If infidel (gâvur) and unjust (zalim) get away with what they have done, and if there is no justice, then injustice (zulm) will emerge again. Allah is free and away (munazzah) from injustice (zulm), and is the possessor of justice.
That said, the son of the chief of the hypocrites who was Ubay was named Abdullah, and he was a revered figure who was a sincere Muslim. He came to our Prophet about his father and said, “O Rasulullah! Pray (dua), and seek forgiveness (istighfar) for my father.” That is, he knew what his father was, but he wanted him to be saved. He wanted amnesty for him. See, good children are like that, and Ibrahim (a.s.) had strived for his father a lot. But if he has no faith (iman), then Allah does not forgive even if it is your father or whoever it is. Allah does not accept istighfar, and does not allow praying (dua) for him. That said, Allah also reprehended Nuh (a.s.) concerning his son.
Now about the matter, it is said that our Prophet could not break Abdullah’s heart, son of that hypocrite. So, what did he do? It is said that he prayed (dua) for that hypocrite (munafiq). It is said that Janâb-i Haqq had sent a verse, and said, “My khabib (beloved)! Even if you sought forgiveness (istighfar) 70 times for these hypocrites (munafiq), polytheists (mushrik), and disbelievers (kāfir), I will not forgive them.” Allah states they will not be forgiven.
Now, there is Bukhari Sharif in the source of this narration, and Tefsir Sûreti is also among the sources of this narration. So, what does Janâb-i Haqq say again in the 6th verse of Surah al-Munafiqun . Allah states they will not be forgiven. Because the gates of forgiveness would have opened for them had the hypocrites repented from their hypocrisy.
Time Stamp: 45:05
As long as a hypocrite (munafiq) dies as a hypocrite (munafiq), and as long as disbelievers (kāfir) die as disbelievers (kāfir), their funeral prayers are not performed, and people cannot pray (dua) for his soul by his grave. Naturally, this is if these are known with proof, otherwise as long as they are not evident, you may pray (dua) for everyone with whom you see a sign of Islamic faith (iman), and you may perform their funeral prayer, that is different. Our discovery notes continue with the 81st to 90th verses.
Hypocrites (munafiq) bring forth excuses and seek pretext. Hypocrites (munafiq) always lie, and they portray themselves as though they had excuses, and they bring forth excuses. Their hearts are sealed up; therefore, they cannot think about the consequence, for their hearts have been sealed. The heart of a hypocrite (munafiq) is more dangerous, and that is why the hypocrites (munafiq) are burned below the disbelievers (kāfir) in jahannam (hell). That is called asfal al-sāfilīn (lowest of the low). The inner worlds of rich hypocrites (munafiq) are unclean. That is, the inner world of a hypocrite (munafiq) is unclean, and their intentions and souls are malignant, obnoxious, dirty, and unclean. It is necessary or wajib to stay away from them. If you converse with a hypocrite (munafiq) and listen to him, then it will be like you have swollen a poisonous pill without knowing, just so you know. There are many signs of hypocrisy, and if you follow the lessons of the life-giving light, you will learn about the mental states of mankind thoroughly. The chiefs of hypocrites (munafiq) were Jad ibn Qays, Muhaddith ibn Qusayr, and their partisans, and it is said that there were about 80 hypocrites (munafiq). Our Prophet (asw) had said, “Do not sit with them, or converse with them,” and warned his companions (ashab). That is, he referred to these hypocrites (munafiq), and there were about 80 of them. Some of them had become Muslims. Some of them found what they deserved. That said, Muslims were warned about some of these 80 people. Who warned them? Our Prophet warned them. He said, “Do not sit with them, or converse with them,” and warned his companions (ashab) because hypocrites (munafiq) would listen to our Prophet, and then they disbelieve even when verses are revealed. They were hypocrites no matter what. It is said that there were about 80 of them. Therefore, many of the hypocrites (munafiq) lack education-learning, and there are also educated, modern, and civilized hypocrites (munafiq), and there are also Bedouin hypocrites (munafiq). They were hard-hearted and hard-souled Bedouins who were left uneducated and unlearned in the deserts, but there were also hardcore, modern, and civilized hypocrites (munafiq). The Bedouin ones were called agrab. This is a word that has another meaning than Arab. Arab and agrab are different words. Therefore, plural of Arabi is Arab, but the plural of agrab is agrâb. They would get angry if you addressed them as, “O agrab-i!” but why? Because as that is an adjective used for Bedouins, they do not like when they are likened to desert Bedouins. Naturally, not every uneducated person is evil, but people who are uneducated and unlearned are surely people deprived from this education. There are people who are open to education, but there are also very toughminded and cruel people. For example, Turks, Turkmens, Yörüks etc. For example, all peoples who live away from school, society, city life, and civilized life are encompassed by that. What does the religion (din) of Islam say to all of them? Says, “iqraʾ – read” to all nations. Says, “Read, and educate others.” Says, “Encompass your soul, heart, and nafs with knowledge (ilm), and guide (irshad) yourself with knowledge (ilm), and learning (irfan).”
Time Stamp: 50:47
The essential meaning of “iqraʾ – read” is to make your nafs read, it is about starting the matter there. However, you should also know what to read and what to educate yourself. At first read what is right (haqq), what is real (haqq), meaning primarily read Allah’s Book. Read what comes from Allah, and make others read. You should encompass your nafs with this knowledge (ilm) and learning (irfan), and guide (irshad) yourself. After chastening your own nafs, and after achieving this major jihad (jihad al-akbar), then prepare for the minor jihad (jihad al-asgar).
So, what is the demeanour of people who stay away from education, learning, and society? It is tough. They are primitive and wild. Their disbelief (kufr) and hypocrisy (nifaq) is more severe. There are those who are inclined to good among them, but there are also those whose disbelief (kufr) and hypocrisy (nifaq) are strong among them. They do not even know their ilmihal, which is concise manual for basic Islamic teachings. They have no education. Now, it is not about them not knowing this or that knowledge (ilm), they don’t even know their ilmihal. Take a look at the circumstances of today’s Muslims, they are deprived of their own exalted values, and they turned into modern Bedouins. Why? Because they are running away from the Quran. They don’t want to take their share from the Quran. Those who take their share from the Quran are people who are beneficial to themselves and mankind. People who run away from the Quran are fallen people who crawl on the ground. See, non-contemporaneity starts here. How can you not read the book that comes from Allah? It did not come for Arabs or Turks; it came for all mankind. Arabs, Turks, and non-Arabs; all humankind is to read the book that came from Allah, and make others read, and announce to their nafs. Unless the meaning of the Quran is announced to yourself, you will not have read or taught it. That is why you should not look for Bedouins in deserts only. Look at modern Bedouins. Look at so-called civilized people who think they are modern. Look at them, and you will see so-called civilized and modern people who are worse than Bedouins. These are a different type of disease. So, what does Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim say? Says that everybody should take their share from knowledge (ilm) and learning (irfan), be filled to the brim with love, be servants (qul) of Allah, and be saved from polytheism (shirk) and idols. Islam says that. The hearts of modern and civilized hypocrites (munafiq) are sealed.
Hodja recites a part of the 154th verse of Surah al-Baqarah .
They see spending for charity as a burden. Once you spend in the way of Allah, they see it as a burden, and it feels to them as though it went for nothing. They see it as waste, loss, cost, a deadly calamity. It stands as a knot in their hearts, as a monstrosity; and they regard it as a loss.
Time Stamp: 55:10
Why? Because they disbelieve in Allah, thus they don’t spend for Allah. When they spend, they regard it like that. And they want believers to be destroyed as well. See, one of the worst aspects of the hypocrites is that they want believers to be destroyed. They spit fire unto believers if they fail to procure an unearned income among believers, they start scheming plots against them, and be together with coup plotters, deniers, tyrants, and the unjust (zalim). And they want to prepare coups against believers.
During times when Islam was powerful, predominant, and sovereign, all hypocrites (munafiq) had portrayed themselves as Muslims. It is when Muslims grow weaker, and when Islamic sovereignty disappears that the hypocrites (munafiq) start revealing themselves. Also, according to the degree of their hypocrisy, they either gain predominance or want to gain predominance by cooperating with tyrants, and in those times, Muslims start to hide from their evil. If there are Muslims who hide themselves in certain settings or certain establishments in the world, look at those around them for those are the severest hypocrites of the era. They do not want to give any chance to recover to Muslims in regards to Islam. They are modern tyrants, and they are severe hypocrites, but they call, “We are also Muslims,” when you ask them. However, if you reveal the value they give to Islam and the Quran, and the values that Allah brought forth, they immediately slander you. They will either call you a reactionists, or backward, or bigot. They immediately ascribe you with their own attributes. These are all their own attributes, they are the bigots, they are the non-contemporary, and they themselves have reactionism and separatism. They have the mentality that neglect a nation that is 99% Muslim, and neglect 1.5 billion Muslims on earth. They neither want peace, nor justice, nor supremacy of rights (huquq). They do not accord any right to anyone but themselves, hypocrites (munafiq) are like that. In the Era of Bliss, during Hz. Muhammad’s time, what would they do non-stop? They would scheme plots against Hz. Muhammad, and they were secretly disbelievers (kāfir), and they were preparing a coup. That is why beloved friends, we should know the friends and enemies, and friendlies are Islam and true believers and Muslims. Islam is but divine justice, love, mercy (rahmat), and supremacy of rights (huquq) from a to z. Because it consist of divine laws and rules. Islam is not manmade, rather it is completely of divine origin. Islam is the laws of Allah, and the fundamental constitution of this is Al-Quran Al-Karim, which is Almighty Allah’s own book.
The muhajirun and the ansar, those who perform namāz by facing both qiblas and those who were at Badr. See, the first and foremost of the revered figures who act in the way of Allah, who revolved around Hz. Muhammad during the most troublesome and hardest days are called early Muslims or muhajirun, and after them comes the helpers or ansar.
See, the muhajirun are people who abandon disbelief (kufr) and shirk (polytheism) in the way of Allah. They are those who carry Islam, the Quran, and faith (iman) in their hearts. And those who emigrate (hijra) towards Allah and the Messenger. These revered figures are called muhajirun. Their way is to Allah in every setting. As for helpers (ansar), they are heroes and benefactors who help these early Muslims (muhajirun). They are heroes of good and good-doing. That is why inhabitants of Madinah are called the helpers (ansar), and those who emigrated to many placed and to Madinah after being persecuted in Mecca are called early Muslims (muhajirun).
These muhajirs abandoned their wealth, property, homes, lands, apartments, and shops due to the tyranny and injustice of disbelief (kufr) and polytheism (shirk). Muhajirs are revered figures who emigrated (hijra) to Allah by adopting the faith (iman), Islam, and the Quran. See, the pioneering noble heroes who never left Hz. Muhammad’s side in order for peace and justice to come to earth, and Islam to be established are these early Muslims (muhajirun) and helpers (ansar).
Time Stamp: 1:01:27
These are disciples and helpers of Hz. Muhammad. They were present in all fronts, and they heroically resisted all hardships, and in a short time the Arabic peninsula was cleaned from polytheism (shirk) and idols, and peace started to spread to the world at breakneck speed.
Islam was at the gates of Byzantium, and extended to Tripoli, and extended to Transoxiana. Islam pulled Turkistan to itself at breakneck speed. See, it ruled the world in three continents for 14 centuries, and established peace. Muslims have protected non-Muslims the way they protected their own. That is what Islam commands. Islam is a religion (din) of peace. Go ahead and look at the 14-century history of nations other than Muslims, has any nation sheltered others among them? It was only until 50 years; today’s events are only matters that existed for 50 to 60 years. That said, it is Islam itself that prepared all renaissance and reforms in the world. There have been advancements in the world in regards to technique, technology, and science through the inspiration they took from Islam. However, there is no advancement in the world in regards to iman (faith) and true justice, blood is being shed still, and there is still cruelty in the world. They are even killing people in masses, what about peace? Why don’t these powerful people use their power in the way of peace? Individuals, communities, and states that terrorize the world should stop that, and fulfil the necessity of peace and justice. See, the muhajirs and the ansar are these revered figures, who were auxiliary forces of Hz. Muhammad in establishing peace on earth. These two groups are filled to the brim with heroes, and each of them are great heroes, and they are grand philosophers. Each and every one of them are mujtahids, and they are stars that shine in the sky. Those stars take their light from the sun, and that sun is actually brighter than sun, it is Hz. Muhammad, and the light of the Quran that shines in his heart. Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim are of divine origin. Almighty Allah assigned Hz. Muhammad, and this is how mercy (rahmat) is manifested to all people. Allah’s greatest blessings (lutf) are manifestation of Islam, the Quran, and Muhammad. That is why those who submit in the 18th verse of Surah al-Fath . Those who were present in Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, and in Pledge of Ridwan. Then again, in the 72nd verse of Surah al-Anfal , it is said that the emigrations (hijra) until the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah are all early emigrations (hijra). That is, those who emigrated until the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah have been regarded as those who emigrated early. That said, other muhajirs and ansar are those who follow their way until last day (qiyamah) are all benevolent believers, and they are those who earned the position of radiyah (content) and mardiyah (the one who Allah is pleased with). Yes, they are the pioneers of emigration (hijra), and the pioneers of helpers (ansar), but howsoever many Muslims there are in the world who follow that path until last day (qiyamah), who emigrate (hijra) in the world, who help the innocent, the victims, and the deprived are all among the ansar. Howsoever many people there are who walk in the way of Allah are considered muhajirun, it has been like that, and it will be like that until last day (qiyamah). That is why Janâb-i Haqq says these are believers and those who earn the position of radiyah (content) and mardiyah (the one who Allah is pleased with). Everyone who walk in the way of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah are those who bear this honour (fazilat). This is recited as “min taḥtihā” in the recitation (qiraat) of Ibn Kathīr. Others do not have “min”.
May Janâb-i Mawla keep us away from all kinds of nifaq (hypocrisy), shirk (polytheism), and kufr (disbelief). That said, may Allah admit the whole of humankind among the group of heroic and blissful people who walk towards the Real (al-Haqq) in the way of the Real (al-Haqq), who go towards Allah, who have real hijra, who help others on earth completely in the way of the Real (al-Haqq), who do it in the right way for Allah, and who become helpers or ansar in this way, who do not serve injustice or zulm, but always serve the truth, who are benevolent and good, who stand against injustice (zulm).
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– The End –