Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 54
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 54
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
So, we see that finding life is among the contents of hikmat. Hikmat is the divine laws themselves, for the originator of hikmat is Allah. In case this hikmat is understood and comprehended well by the servant (qul), he/she will find life via it to his/her heart’s content, and be blissful. Then again, hikmat is itaat (obedience) to Allah (c.c.). That is, acquiesce to Allah, to be steadfast in itaat (obedience) and taat (obeying the laws).
Itaat is knowing the divine rules and laws, and taat is the necessities of those laws, such as servitude (qulluq), and worship (ibadat).
As for fiqh (jurisprudence) it consists of the religion (din) and amel (deed). “Fiqh is religion (din) and amel (deed).” The afore quote is an authentic expression that was inherited from Al-Qushayri.
Let us talk about fiqh (jurisprudence). Fiqh is the name of knowing all commands of Almighty Allah by their documents and proofs regardless of whether they are for or against us. Each and every Muslim should be in a contest of obtaining knowledge in this matter. Fiqh is hikmat in its entirety.
Then again, hikmat is nūr (light), which makes you distinguish between waswas (satanic whisper) and ilham (divine inspiration). You see, a content of the life that hikmat gives us here is to distinguish between waswas and ilham. One may know which is which via hikmat. Hikmat is such a nūr (light) that it discerns whether what comes into the heart is a waswas (satanic whisper), desise (deception) or ilham (divine inspiration).
So, what happens in the end? One may realize the maqam (place) of what comes into the heart. One may understand the truth, and distinguish between what is right and wrong.
Waswas (satanic whisper) comes to the heart from the Shaitan (Devil), and ilham (divine inspiration) comes from Janâb-i Haqq, sometimes by means of the angels, and sometimes directly.
Now, there is also the hewa (sinful desire), which comes from the nafs (self). It is about conceit, pride, and the desires of the nafs (self). It tells you to object to the sharīʿah (law) by abiding by the waswas that came from the shaitan (devil) no matter what. However, the khawatir (reflection) of ilham (inspiration) comes from Janâb-i Haqq, sometimes by means of the angels, and sometimes as inspiration to the heart, or sometimes it is given directly by Allah Ta’ala as fayiz (success).
These things come in accord with the commands of Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim, and they rather advice you to abide by the sharīʿah (law). You see, one is able to distinguish between right and wrong via this nūr (light) of hikmat that shines in the heart. Also, making quick and correct decisions is linked to the strength of the hikmat. One may make correct decisions quickly, and becomes always right in his decisions if the hikmat in him/her is powerful. Janâb-i Haqq will not let him/her make wrong decisions, for Janâb-i Haqq adorned his/her spirit with hikmat. Then again, hikmat conveys one to what is true. Hikmat always conveys one to the right path and shields him/her from wrongs, if he/she has hikmat.
Moreover, hikmat is the tranquillity, safety, and the last stop of the souls. You see, hikmat is the peace of the hearts, their safety, and their last stop.
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The souls with hikmat are in tranquillity and peace. Hikmat that lightens the soul adorns the heart and the soul with nūr (light).
With that being said, hikmat is a straight and causeless sign from Haqq. So, it means that hikmat is a causeless sign straight from Janâb-i Haqq, but it is straight. You see, Khawatir-i Haqq is from that. That is, to call Haqq as a witness to all affairs, for no matter what the affairs or circumstances of a person are, having Haqq witness it is of hikmat as well.
Now, what does it mean to call Haqq as a witness something? That is, acknowledging that Allah always sees you, and keeps your account; and that you are always inspected by Allah. The servant who knows that Allah always inspects him, knows that Janâb-i Haqq sees him at all times. So, this is the meaning of calling Haqq as a witness.
Do not ever forget that Allah sees you at all times. Your inner and outer world, and everything about you is witnessed personally by Allah. Allah is the witness, and may call others as witness too, and may call yourself as a witness to you by making your body tell your actions.
Allah will your mouth, and call your hands, arms, feet, and your body as a witness, and make them speak. So, calling Haqq as a witness is also of hikmat. Hikmat is the order of the religion (din) and the world. Thus, if you have established a life that is in complete accord with the divine rules, then this order, then this is due to the perfect and uniform order of Islam, which is a complete hikmat.
Besides, hikmat is an ilm-i ledun. Now, what does ilm-i ledun mean? It is an innate talent, and an innate knowledge (ilm) given by Allah. There is a ledun aspect of the knowledge you obtain by education and tutoring. These are the knowledges that Allah gifted upon you. That is the knowledge (ilm) of Prophet Muhammad, and Janâb-i Haqq assigned this knowledge (ilm) to certain servants (qul) more than the others in an innate way.
With that being said, the knowledge (ilm) in Khidr Alaihissalam is of this knowledge (ilm). This is referred in Surah al-Kahf. Then again, keeping the ilham (divine reflections) that are warid (sent down) is also of hikmat. What Janâb-i Haqq generously gave you as a concealed gift and what is given to you from the ilm-i ladun are secrets. And it is considered hikmat if you can keep them as secrets. These are all considered hikmat, all twenty-three articles that we tried to dwell on are all considered hikmat. We tried to dwell on the discovery of hikmat.
Now, Janâb-i Haqq, Allah (c.c.) may give you qabd (contraction) or bast (openness).
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Qabd contracts you by pressuring you and narrowing your heart. Bast expands it, and makes you comfortable by opening your heart. Janâb-i Haqq give qabd to some, and bast to others. These are completely based on hikmat. A contraction or expansion of heart occurs due to qabd and bast. A person’s heart may contract, as if it is going to explode. And the heart of another may be comfortable and in peace.
Janâb-i Haqq said, [2:245] “wa-llāhu yaqbiḍu wa-yabsuṭu,”. Many lectures have been given in schools of awliya by discoursing on these two words, which are about the states of the heart. Janâb-i Haqq may reflect something to your heart due to your sins and wrongdoings. Good reflections, or rather manifestations occur when you do sawāb (good) things. That is, when you are subject to Almighty Allah Ta’ala in a sincere and firm manner. That said, good manifestations may occur due to generosity of Janâb-i Haqq as gifts when you compete in doing sawāb (good) deeds. In that case, the heart expands and becomes serene.
On the other hand, when there are imperfections in the faith of a person, if he/she could not perceive Al-Quran Al-Karim in the right way, or he/she failed to believe in the right way, if he/she did not believe in the fundamentals (amantu) of Islam in the right way, and if he/she has wrong beliefs regarding any one of the Names or Attributes of Allah, then in return of these wrongs, harams, and sins Janâb-i Haqq tightens and contracts the heart via jalali (almighty) reflections.
Some of them explode from inside, as if bombs detonate in it. Some do not know it, but they are suffering. There are people who suffer as if they were mangled. This is what they experience in life. There are whose lives are taken by pulling and tearing them apart; in sekerat-i mevt (the suffering experienced while dying).
There are people who give their lives with a suffering and agony that could devastate all creatures has it been divided up among the creatures. They are seen or known by no one.
Janâb-i Haqq is closer to a person’s heart than his/her self. Allah may contract some, and expand others; this gives peace to some, and presses the others as if they were hanged from a tree. So, what are these given for? These are the returns of the earnings of the heart. Submit your heart to Allah, and love Allah wholeheartedly, believe in Islam wholeheartedly, and never ever object to any command of Islam.
Do not ever have second thoughts about anything, ever. Do not ever be sceptical of Islam. Do not ever doubt Al-Quran Al-Karim or the prophethood of Muhammad. Do not ever doubt about the laws of the Islamic order that Prophet Muhammad brought forth, for Islam is completely divine.
Only then your heart may rest, and manifestations will come to it. Jamali (good) reflections, or rather manifestations will come to your heart. Success (fayiz), peace, serenity, and nūr (light) will come into your heart one after another, and your heart will be filled to brim with hikmat.
Those who misguide the humanity are performing the duty of the shaitan (devil). [36:83] “wa-ʾilayhi turjaʿūn” – “to Allah you shall be brought back,”. Do not you ever forget that everyone will stand before Allah. You may roam around in the world today, and the grass is beneath your feet. But the moment you enter the grave the grass will spring up on you. Everything will be veiled except the sins. We live today, but in the realm of barzakh (barrier) the situation in the grave will either turn into Janna or Jahannam.
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Then again, there is the Great Gathering (Mahshar). You will raise from the grave and transcend to the Great Gathering (Mahshar). The armies of Allah shall gather people in Mahshar, and the result will either be Janna, or the House of Punishment. That is why in the 245th verse of Surah al-Baqarah, Janâb-i Haqq says: “He who lends to Allah a good loan shall receive manifold.” Each and every charity you do is a loan given to Allah. And Janâb-i Haqq shall return many times of that by Allah’s grace.
Can you purchase a handspan of land from Janna (Paradise) by working? You cannot. But Allah will give Janna (Paradise) to you. But in return of what? Allah will give you Janna (Paradise) by Allah’s grace, due to your amel-i salih (good deeds), belief (iman), and Islam. And Allah will give that to you as a grace, otherwise you cannot get a handspan of land from Janna (Paradise) no matter what.
You are working in the world throughout your life to buy things. But do not forget about the eternal life, and your place (maqam) in it. We call that the house of salam (peace). You see, Allah has two palaces named Dar es-Salaam and Dar al-Islam. Allah is the originator of All worlds. But there are two houses of peace. Dar al-Islam is the Islamic life in the world. One of the two is Dar al-Islam that is in the world. This is like the paradise in the world. Later on, you will be taken from Dar al-Islam and placed into Dar es-Salaam, which is Janna (Paradise), but that is according to your belief (iman) in Islam. These two transform your world, grave, and position in the great gathering (Mahshar), and our eternal life into Janna (Paradise). Allah does this by Allah’s grace. As for the Jahannam (Hell), it is a divine justice. There is a punishment in return of each sin, and that is why it is manifestation of justice. Surely, Allah is just, and away from zulm (cruelty).
Now, Janâb-i Haqq says, “inqibaz” here. So, what this means is a taste of hardship, and qabd (contraction) of the heart. The spiritual heart’s return to itself, this is inqibaz (contraction). A sadness falls on the person, and if this continues, the melancholy will smother the person. Illness may develop if it is not balanced.
The spiritual heart’s return to itself, this heart is in the state of inqibaz (contraction), but that will change into imbisat (expansion). This happens by the heart’s reunion with nafas al-rahman, that gives life. Life is in trade with Allah both spiritually and physically. This is important, life is in trade with Allah both spiritually and physically. “Beyne’l-Havf ve’r-Reca, – to live between fear and hope,” pay attention to this! You see, it is Allah who gave us a taste of life. It all belongs to Janâb-i Haqq who gives life.
What does Allah give to you? Allah gives you a taste of life according to your earnings. If you have earned evil, then what occurs in return of your earnings? Inqibaz (contraction) occurs, and then you have to taste the pain of the life as well. The cause of inqibaz (contraction) is the sins, and the sentences that come in return of the sins. You see, a life comes via these as well, but a bitter life.
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Now, the imbisat (expansion) of the heart. It is the peace that comes into the heart, in return of your good deeds. It is considered as a “life” given to you by the Life-Giver. However, this is a blissful type of life. So, it means that both imbisat and inqibaz are earned by none other than the servant (qul).
Therefore, you should earn what is good, and do not bring in evil to your heart. That is why we say the imbisat (expansion) of the heart occurs when it unites with nafas al-rahman, as a result of which a blissful life is given to the person. Thereafter one will love Allah wholeheartedly, and he/she will trust in Allah wholeheartedly, and believe in Allah wholeheartedly; if a person believes in Allah Ta’ala with a yaqeen iman (certain belief), then he will achieve the riza (approval) of Allah Ta’ala. In that case, Allah will be pleased with you, and you will be pleased with Allah, and if you are able to establish such a life-style and belief, then an imbisat (expansion) of the heart occurs, and its result is a blissful life.
Thereafter, all the sweets and bitters of life, and all bliss’ will pour out from the heart of the person just like a river. The life will flow through the heart of the person. So, prepare your heart for life well; prepare your heart and your soul for this life. Prepare them with Quran. Prepare them with belief (iman). Prepare them with the divine values brought by Prophet Muhammad.
Even if you could gather all psychologists together, they could not describe to you the contents of the soul, and the nourishment of the soul, how to make it happy, or how to make it miserable, like the Creator does.
The Creator presented the soul’s nourishment via Islam and wahy (revelation). Janâb-i Haqq has placed the nourishment of the heart and the soul in Islam and Quran. It is as if the heart eats and drinks from the gardens of paradise, but when does this happen? This happens when the meaning and the nūr (light) of Al-Quran Al-Karim encompasses the heart and the mind. That is why it is said that life is in trade with Haqq (truth) both spiritually and physically. The flow of love; grief and joy, fear and hope. You should pay attention to these. The flow of love occurs with grief and joy, and saturation of fear and love, which bring tears to one’s eyes and forms the nūr (light) of hikmat. But what type of tears are we talking about? Let’s say a tragic event occurred, and someone is crying, his/her tears are due to mercy. However, tears of muhabbat (love) is the burning of the fire of live inside the heart. That love is the love of Allah. The entirety of the heart should brim over with love of Allah. That love in your heart shall reflect to all worlds, all creatures, all places, and the heavens, but foremost to all people, for the area of influence of that love is endless and boundless, for it encompasses the endless oceans of the hearts and the souls. If your heart and soul brims over with love of Allah, then a love that shall love the entirety of the creation and still brim over will occur in you. Thereafter, when you step inside the door of your house, this love will reflect to your children and your wife, and it will reflect back from them.
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You will see that your house is filled to brim with love, as if a sun of love has risen inside your house; the souls shine, the faces of your family smile, and everyone is happy. You see, if the fire of love burns inside the heart in the name of Allah, then know that your eyes that shed tears due to love of Allah and fear of Allah are invaluable. Those tears are also invaluable.
Or else, the idolaters also cry by worshipping their idols. They beg to their idols, and they also shed tears but these are tears of polytheism (shirk). A heart and soul that is filled with polytheism (shirk), and a worship that is done for an idol, these are nothing but trouble for a person. You see, what are those who cannot distinguish between nūr (light) and nar (fire) doing? They go after nar (fire), thinking it is nūr (light), and escape from nūr (light), thinking it is nar (fire). Islam is nūr (light). And whatever there is except Islam are nar (fire), which means fire.
What is flow of love? As long as you love Allah Ta’ala, you will be encompassed by love of Allah. And as long as you show mercy on the servants (qul) of Allah, you will be encompassed by the mercy of Allah. As long as you spend (to charity) in the way of Allah, you will be encompassed by the rahmat (blessing) of Allah. And there will not be any hardships for you either. Can the one who is under the protection of the rich experience any poverty? Those who side with Allah, who earn the riza (approval) of Allah, who love Allah with every fibre of their being, will never be taken by any hardship or fear, ever. They are in the presence of the unrivalled rich, the One who makes rich. They are in Allah’s door of rahmat (mercy). They are under the command of Allah. Think of a slave, who stands at the door of the richest person, is there a chance for that slave to experience poverty? As for you, you are a believer (mu’min) and a Muslim who is a servant of Allah, who has belief (iman), who bears Islam and Quran. Allah values these things. Allah values belief (iman).
Allah values those who live by the Book, the laws, and the principles; they find life in these. This is the true life-style. They say they want to live their lives, and disregard the commands of Allah. Which life are going to live then, did you find any other god? Who can give you a life other than Allah? You see, the entire humankind must save themselves from this wrong. They abandon Allah, and say they are going to live their lives! They abandon the blissful life that Allah gave them. And they think that they will find life in wrong ways, right? You cannot form a life out of disbelief (kufr). There is no life in polytheism (shirk), harams, and sins. Can there be life in revolting against Allah? Who gave you that heart? Who will make that heart happy for you? Where will you get its nourishment? Will you get it from apples? Meat? Those may fill your stomach, and nourish your flesh and bone, but what will nourish your heart, soul, or what will upgrade your mind? It is Quran that sheds nūr (light), and that gives life. The azali and abadi (ever-existent) values give life to your heart and soul.
Make the meanings in Quran that shed nūr (light) flow through your heart with a pleasant noise, and let your heart drink from the fountain that is Quran; may your heart earn fayiz (success) via the meanings of the verses of Quran as if it is a baby breastfed by his mother.
The gardens of bliss are all hidden in the verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim. Let your heart eat and drink from the garden of Quran, for true bliss is there. There is belief (iman), Islam, Prophet Muhammad, and the exalted values that Muhamad implemented in it. The rulership of Allah is there, along with the laws and the order of Allah. The divine principles are there in Quran.
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Let us continue dear friends! In the 231st verse of Surah al-Baqarah, we see the words, advise, blessing (nimet), the Book, and hikmat (wisdom). Please pay close attention to these. Take the advice from Allah, in other words, from Quran. As for blessing (nimet) it belongs to Allah completely. There are blessings (nimet) of Allah. And comprehend the Book well. These are all hikmat (wisdom). And the entirety of these hikmat (wisdoms) are the advices of Quran. Quran equals hikmat (wisdom), and vice versa.
Now, let us see what is said in the 12th verse of Surah Luqman. “To know, and understand is hikmat (wisdom),”. But to know what? That is, to know the haqq and haqiqa (right and reality), that is hikmat (wisdom). So, what is haqq and haqiqa (right and reality)? What is the source of these? The leader of haqq (truth) is Prophet Muhammad, and the guide and the document in his hands if Al-Quran Al-Karim itself. Islamic university, is the university of the ninth heaven (arş-i âlâ). Its graduates are those who read the lectures that come from al-Lawh al-Mahfuz (the Sacred Tablet) and graduate from it.
Study in the universities of the world, they research the matter. For example, the field of geology is the solid Earth. They study the seas. The astronomers study the space, the stars, the Moon, and the Sun. The sciences of the world study the human body, human anatomy, and biology. They are beneficial, and good. However, what are they compared to the sciences that came from the ninth heaven (arş-i âlâ)? They are sciences in their own right. But where is the entirety of haqq and haqiqa (right and reality)? Try to uncover the cosmological signs and laws in the universe by studying the sciences of Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim that came from al-Lawh al-Mahfuz (the Sacred Tablet) and the ninth heaven (arş-i âlâ).
Thereafter you would be studying the verses of the Book, and the cosmological signs in the universe. Now, all studies in the universities of today’s world work to discover the laws of the nature. This is a good endeavour, but not by denying Allah, and disregarding Quran, Islam, and belief (iman), and the soul. They should study the sciences of the heart and the soul, which are essential. You see, one side of Islam is the meaning, and other side of it is the matter. One side of it is the afterlife (ākhira), and the other side of it is the world. That is just like the body consists of the soul and flesh; Islam incorporates the azal (eternity a parte ante) and abad (eternity a parte post), and the afterlife (ākhira) and the world. Islam narrates the Janna (Paradise) and Jahannam (Hell) to you better than you seeing it with your own eyes, for Al-Quran Al-Karim came from Allah, and its reporter is Prophet Muhammad, therefore it is the best information you may get. It is the haqiqa (reality). Islam is the truest of all sciences, and it is above all sciences. Al-Quran Al-Karim is a miracle in its entirety. That is why while understanding and discovering the hikmat (wisdom) we are actually discovering ourselves as well. If you spend what Allah gave you in the way of Allah, then your trade with Allah will continuously expand.
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Allah does not need anything. What does Allah say? “O, my servant! Give to the poor, you would be giving to Me. Give to those in the need, and you will have given to Me. Establish the justice on earth, and you will have pleased Me. For so I command,” says Allah. Janâb-i Haqq placed the best life-style in the world, and tells you to implement it. Allah tells you to live the happy life, and contribute to the happiness of others. This is Islam, which is filled to brim with hikmat. What is the use if the rich become richer without giving the share of the poor and the needy, what is the use of his/her richness then? That would liken them to fat pigs, what is the use of their fat since we cannot eat or use them?
You see, dearest friends!
The importance of wealth, and the increase in its value is oriented towards making people of the world happy, for that is what Islam commands. A fair division and a fair distribution of wealth will lead to a complete happiness and equality, and unless that happens, the riches that they gather may only be a flame and burns its owner.
In that case the poor will treat the rich as an enemy, leading to enmity of labour and capital. Islam is the sole religion that establish justice and peace on earth, rather than enmities.
The religion (din), prosperity, and happiness of the entire humankind is Islam. Islam is the religion (din) of the entire humankind. It started with Adam, and by means of all of the prophets, it came to Muhammad, and it shall continue until the Last Day (Qiyamah). If they do not believe, then Islam will not lose anything, but the disbelievers will.
They shall answer to Allah tomorrow. Islam was not brought by a random fellow, and it is certainly not a religion of lords and queens. Islam is the religion (din) of the entire humanity, and it is brought forth by Allah. Those who understand and comprehend this Islamic life well shall certainly find life, and they will be a means for other people to find happiness.
In the 45th verse of Surah al-Nisa, it is said that prophethood is a complete house of hikmat. For it is Allah who appoints the prophets. The prophets know this hikmat (wisdom) have attained this hikmat (wisdom) of Allah, and it is given by Allah. They are the venerable figures who implement this hikmat (wisdom) upon the humanity, this goes for all prophets (pbuh).
Then again, there is the rulership, a just rulership is hikmat (wisdom) and ilm (knowledge). If there is a blissful and just rulership that implements justice, or rather if there is a just state system, then that it is considered hikmat, for there is ilm (knowledge) and hikmat (wisdom) here.
Moreover, Janâb-i Haqq says: “We have given them Book and wisdom,” in the 54th verse of Surah al-Nisa. Allah says, “We have given the Book,” to our Prophet, Muhammad (phub), and some other prophets, and all prophets, especially the rasul (messenger) ones. “We have given them the Book and wisdom), says Allah to the progeny of Ibrahim (Abraham) Alaihissalam. And Prophet Muhammad comes from the progeny of Ibrahim (Abraham) and Ismail (Ishmael). Ismail (Ishmael) is Ibrahim (Abraham) Alaihissalam’s son. So, what does Allah say? “We have given them hikmat (wisdom), and the Book,” says Allah.
Now, think of the coming of a prophet? For example, let us think about the coming of Prophet Muhammad, who was sent upon all the worlds as a rahmat (mercy) and a prophet. The coming of Muhammad is filled to brim with hikmat from a to z, and the Book is given to him. The entirety of the laws and rules of happiness for all people are in the Book that Al-Quran Al-Karim. This is also valid for other Books, in their respected ages.
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That said, Janâb-i Haqq says, “Invite to the way of your Rabb (Lord) with hikmat (wisdom),”.
[16:125] “udʿu ʾilā sabīli rabbika bi-l-ḥikmati,”. Şimdi Allah’ın yoluna hikmetle davet nedir? Kur’an-ı Kerim A’dan, Z’ye hikmet olduğu için Kur’an’la bütün insanlığı Allah’ın yoluna, Rabbinin yoluna davet et diyor, hikmetle diyor. İşte o hikmet Kur’an-ı Kerim’dir ve Hz. Muhammed’in Peygamberliğidir ve Allah’tan Muhammed’e inzâl olunan İslam adına ne varsa hepsidir. Also, in the 125th verse of Surah al-Nahl, Janâb-I Haqq says, “We have given Quran, and elegant advice,” in other words, “We have given hikmat (wisdom),” says Allah. [2:269] “wa-man yuʾta l-ḥikmata fa-qad ʾūtiya khayran kathīran,” – “Who is given hikmat (wisdom) is given a khayran kathīr (abundant good),” says Allah. Ruh-i emr, or the soul that comes from the command of Allah is a hikmat (wisdom). The ruh-i kalb (spiritual heart), must fill to brim with hikmat (wisdom). That is why the soul, which is a command of Allah is a hikmat (wisdom). The spiritual heart must be filled to brim with this hikmat (wisdom). For the abode of hikmat (wisdom), the house of belief (iman) is the soul and the heart. A grand âlim, allāma, and grand mufassir like Fakhr al-Din al-Razi says that hikmat is ilm, and hikmat is Quran. “Veraun fi dinillahi,” or rather, “Hikmat is wara‘ (piety) in the religion,” he says. These are hikmat, and sources of hikmat one by one. Ilm (knowledge) is hikmat, and Quran is the source of hikmat, and the originator of all of it is Allah Ta’ala. Taqwa (piety) in the religion is hikmat. So, what is taqwa? It is the name of living Islam. A life without rebellion, disobedience; a life with obedience to Allah and a complete Islamic lifestyle is taqwa (piety). And what is wara‘? It is to avoid the doubtful things. As for “hasyet” it means “fear of Allah”. So, it means that there is a fear of Allah in wara‘ (piety), and there is also being filled to brim with love of Allah. But how? That person avoids even the doubtful things due to love of Allah, and fear of Allah. These are present in the contents of both wara‘ and taqwa.
In conclusion, firm knowledge and good deeds are of hikmat (wisdom). Also, khayr-i kull (all that is good) is completely of hikmat (wisdom).
Now, “Re’sul hikmeti mehâfetullah,”. What is the foremost of hikmat? That is fear of Allah and love of Allah. A Muslim, who is a believer (mu’min), flies towards Allah with two wings that convey him/her to Allah. One of those wings is the fear of Allah, and the other if love of Allah. Those are his/her wings, and he/she flies via these wings. And what about the non-Muslims? They have either considered themselves safe, or they are devoid of one wing. Or they have abandoned hope completely, which makes them devoid of one wing.
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They are devoid of these wings, for fear of Allah is to abide by the principles of Allah, and love of Allah is to love all values that Almighty Allah brough forth. Moreover, one should praise Allah in accord with the verses of Quran. You shall know the Allah that is known in Al-Quran Al-Karim. You shall know the sifats (attributes) and names of Allah correctly, and believe in Allah correctly.
The first verse of Surah al-Ikhlas, “qul huwa llāhu ʾaḥad,” – “Allah is One,”. Allah is One in names and sifats (attributes), and actions, and everything. There are no partners, no nāzir (overseer), and certainly no equals of Allah. Allah is Aṣ-Ṣamad. So, what does Aṣ-Ṣamad mean? It means that all things are in need of Allah, but Allah does not need anything. And what does, “lam yalid wa-lam yūlad” mean? It means that Allah never beget, and Allah does not have sons or girls. Allah is free from all that, and Allah is the Creator, al-Khalq, the Rabb (Lord) of the worlds. Allah is wajib al-wūjūd (necessary existent), Allah’s existence is a necessity of Allah’s Being. Allah had no partners or comparables, nor there will be any. [112:4] “wa-lam yakun lahū kufuwan ʾaḥad,”. In this surah Allah introduces Allah to us. This is valid for other names and sifats (attributes), and all other verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim as well.
You should know the amantu (fundamentals) of kelima shadada (declaration of faith) well. And back up the kalimat al-tawheed (lit. word of divine unity) with your actions. The tawhid (monotheism) that is backed by false and void things is not really tawhid (monotheism). There are many who fill in the word of tawhid (monotheism) with polytheism. Their tongues recite the word of tawhid (monotheism), but many of them taken in many gods into their lives. Can there be such tawhid (monotheism)? That is why belief (iman) in Allah is not makbul (acceptable) before denying and rejecting all taghuts (false gods). A person cannot be under the command of Allah and the taghuts (false gods) at the same time.
So, what is the conclusion? The conclusion is that a firm knowledge and good deeds, with a firm belief (iman), a firm Islamic life-style, and a firm understand of Islam.
Islam is more modern than all ages and all that is modern. All that is considered only a handful next to Islam and Quran. Islam has encompassed all ages. Islam is the religion of all times, all ages, and all nations. As the ages come by, the pages folded in Quran shall unfold as their times come, and Quran will give the answers to that age right away.
You see, the moment a child is born its milk is ready in the breast of the mother, and the mother can give it to the baby right away. Similar to this, as the ages come by and as the conditions in those ages change, Quran is ready with the required answers and commandments. That is, if you know Quran.
If you had worked for the discovery of the verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim as much as you spend time researching the chemistry behind an apple, you would have seen that Al-Quran Al-Karim is ahead and above all ages. You would have seen that Allah has encompassed all times and spaces with the ilm (knowledge) of Allah. You would have seen that Al-Quran Al-Karim is kalamullah, or rather the utterance of Allah. And you would not have called Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam “outdated”. It is your mind, brain, ignorance, and unwariness that is outdated. If only you had discovered Islam and Quran, and the verses of it. Maybe you have read a translation. If you say you have read of Islam, then you may have read a translation. However, you need to discover the translations as well. The translations are like chests of treasure that are locked, and brave fellows who shall open them, and discover them are needed. That is why those who know Almighty Allah Ta’ala well should try to know Al-Quran Al-Karim.
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It is not possible to know Allah correctly before knowing Quran either. One may know the existence of Allah using his head, but he cannot know that Allah is attributed with perfect (kamal) attributes and that Allah is devoid of imperfect attributes, or the laws and commands of Allah without knowing Quran. You cannot know these correctly without knowing Muhammad either, for the true explorer who explored Al-Quran Al-Karim is Prophet Muhammad. Prophet Muhammad has explored Al-Quran Al-Karim that was sent to by Allah (c.c.) via Jibril (a.s.). As for the sahabah (companions), they studied in that ecole (school), and then they transferred the real Islamic understanding to the Tābi’ūn. Later, the mujtahids had put it under record, and Islam came to this day by being protected. It is still protected today, and it has no chance of being distorted. I repeat, people may change, but there is no chance for Islam to be changed. Al-Quran Al-Karim has no chance of being distorted. Tell this to the entire humanity, otherwise it will be a pity.
Thus, dearest friends, the “Re’sul hikmeti mehâfetullah,” that was narrated (rivayat) in Kashf-ul-Hafā was said. “The foremost of hikmat (wisdom) if the fear of Allah,”. Ikhsan (sincerity), and firmness, and whatever right you are looking for is in Quran and Islam. Also, all of the things that are impure and wrong are the things that Allah said wrong in Al-Quran Al-Karim. As for all that is brought forth by science is due to the ability given to people by Allah to the servant (qul). Allah has given certain set of skills to some due to Allah’s grace. Also, Allah has given some skills to some for their istidraj (gradual destruction), and that is due to Allah’s wisdom (hikmat). Allah gives a duty to everyone, and leaves no one out. People work for whatever they want with their own free will, and they get the returns of their work. However, the that which is given to those who work in the way of disbelief (kufr) by revolting is not the same with that which is given to those who work by believing. This is just a word of advice to everyone!
There two wings of hikmat for ascension towards Allah. These are love and fear. The pleasure and joy of this ascension is love. There is joy there, the joy of ascension. The pleasure and excitement are in love of Allah. So, what is fear? The fear we are talking about is the fear of falling down. You are flying, and you fear from falling down, which is revolting against Allah. That is the fear of falling down, and the fear of being driven out from the rahmat (mercy) of Allah. If you know how to love Allah, and if you do not revolt, then you will only have love. Thereafter you will love Allah with every fibre of your being, and you will find that Allah’s love has encompassed you.
Then again, this love and fear of falling down are proportional, and balanced. You cannot ever say that you will never fall down, because humans are weak. Humans live on the edge of making mistakes and falling into sins, they may always do wrongs. That is why you shall bear the fear as well, and at the same to love Allah with every fibre of your being. Then, you shall submit your heart to Almighty Allah Ta’ala, with your belief (iman) and taqwa (piety).
You see, you shall love Allah with every fibre of your being, but you shall also surrender to Allah with a complete submission. Let us see what Allah says: [10:62] “ʾa-lā ʾinna ʾawliyāʾa llāhi lā khawfun ʿalayhim wa-lā hum yaḥzanūn,”. This is the 62th verse of Surah Yunus. Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq meant here. Please listen carefully. There are awliya servants of Allah, they will have no fear, nor shall they grieve,” says Allah.
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They have attained marifatallah. They have attained high-morals, friendship, and divine protection. They have believed with a real belief (iman), and they embraced to dua (prayer) with real taqwa (piety). Their attribution is, [10:63] “alladhīna ʾāmanū wa-kānū yattaqūn,”. Iman (belief) and taqwa (piety) is their attribution. In this verse of Quran there are two conditions of being an awliya (friend) of Allah, which are real iman (belief), and real taqwa (piety). As you know taqwa (piety) is to know Islam correctly, to live it correctly, and to live the life without revolting against Allah. These people have attained the highest possible rank of love and fear. You see, you should attain the true love as well, love Allah but love according to the principles of Al-Quran Al-Karim, which is he right way. A wrong love, such as love of idols is not real love. Some people have taken idols as gods, and they love them. Some love their nafs (self), desire, and wealth. They became servants and slaves of such things.
You shall love Allah by the principles and laws of Allah. The meaning of this holy name shall encompass you when you recite the name of Allah. These meanings shall encompass you when you say al-Rahman, al-Rahim, al-Malik, and al-Quddus. You shall love and discover correctly, for correct discoveries of these most exalted words are required. That is why, dearest friends, you shall know the personal (zati), inherent (subuti), and actional (fiili) attributes of Allah such as al-Wujud, al-Qidam, al-Baqa, wahdaniyat, al-mukhâlafatu lil-Hawâdith, al-Qiyâmu bi-n-Nafs, al-Hayah, al-`ilm, as-sam`, al-Basar, al-Irada, al-Qudrah, al-Kalam, al-Tekvin. You shall have a correct amantu (fundamental), and you shall have a kalimat al-tawheed which is backed by all that is right, you shall have a kelima shadada (declaration of faith). And your kalimat al-tawheed shall be backed with Islam; the entire Islam shall be present in your tawhid (monotheism).
Do you think you can accept a part of Islam and reject the rest? Do you think you can call such a thing as Islam? Do you think you can call it happiness? You cannot do no such thing. If you open Al-Quran Al-Karim and read you will see that those who partly accept or partly reject Islam are utter disbelievers (kāfirs).
So, friends, they have attained marifatallah, high morals, friendship, and divine protection, they are the awliya servants (qul) of Allah. There will be no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.
“Hasenâtü’l ebrâr seyyiâtü’l mukarrabîn,” said our Prophet. It means that the hasanaat (good deeds/acts) of the good people are like the evil acts of wali people. In other words, as the ranks go up, the quality of the deeds (amel) multiply greatly. The quality of the deeds (amel) of a person who has attained marifatallah who knows the reality and the deeds (amel) of an ignorant person is not the same. You should always work towards enhancing the quality, and enhance your love, enhance your firm knowledge, and perform good deeds (amel-i salih) with your firm knowledge, then you will see that everything go like clockwork. And be careful about fake darwīshes, and those who talk about matters without having knowledge (ilm) or wisdom (irfan). And be careful about those who speak about m’arifat without Quran and sharīʿah (law).
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Be careful about those who talk about sharīʿah (law) without Quran. There cannot be a sharīʿah (law) or haqiqa (reality) without Quran. There cannot be m’arifat, marifatallah, or muhabbatallāh. Even if that was possible it would resemble that of the idolaters and polytheists (mushrikun). As a matter of fact, the Hinduism became involved in, the missionaries became involved in, and the “thālithu thalāthatin” became involved in.
When you look to the situation, mixed ittihad and imtizac into the tawhid (monotheistic) belief in order to remove kalimat-i tawhid (shadada). They idolized the cosmos under the name of wahdat al-wujūd, they divinized it, and many other hazards got mixed in. Islam and Quran threw all these back to their faces, and refuse all of these.
The entire humankind may be saved once you attain firm and right knowledge. Islam is the saviour. Islam saves the hearts, minds, and souls from polytheism (shirk), and establishes the predominance of tawhid (monotheism) at first.
“The very first aspect of izzat (honor) is that it teaches solemnity, respect, and fear.” This is important. “The very first aspect of izzat (honor) is that it teaches solemnity, respect, and fear.” The heart’s love is more tasteful and joyful than battle. What is it? It means that if someone loves Janâb-i Haqq, Allah wholeheartedly, then there is joy in him even in battlefields, for he is with his Rabb (Lord). He is with his Rabb (Lord) even if every day is an apocalypse, for whatever there is in the universe, the order is from Allah. Nothing happens in the heavens and in the earth without an order from Allah. That is the belief (iman) of Islam. Others may say it is the nature what is causing it, but they do not know who orders the nature? They do not want to know. Allah Ta’ala uses the nature, it is under Allah’s command. The nature is not the haqim (ruler), it is the obliged (mahkum). But to whom? To the command of Allah. Earthquakes occur on earth, and it is your obligation as a servant (qul) to take measures for them. This duty is given by Allah as well. The earthquakes occur when they occur, and disasters may fall from the sky when they fall. Why do these happen? That is a necessity of the hikmat (wisdom) of Allah Ta’ala. People, get the returns of their earnings in the physical and spiritual realm. Disasters will not leave the humankind as long they rebel against Allah, and eradicate the nature, earth, and the ecosystem.
“Hikmat is Quran, Quran, ad Quran,” do not ever forget this. This was also narrated by Ibn Mesud and others. Radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. The physical heart, as we call it is a crucial part of the circulatory system, and it has nerves and muscle tissue. The organ that we call physical heart is what pumps blood into veins, that make the circulatory system. It has nerves and muscle tissue.
As for the spiritual heart, it is the centre of operation and communication. This is important, the spiritual heart is the centre of operation and communication, and this spiritual heart must have been adorned with the truths in order to convey the person to the right. Their hidayat (guidance) is to guide to the right, and this is possible once the heart has belief (iman) and receives the hidayat (guidance) of Allah.
That it has to subject its will and intellect to its belief (iman), and its belief (iman) must be subject to Allah’s command, and wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation).
[2:272] “laysa ʿalayka hudāhum,” says Allah. That is, it is not an obligation upon you to guide (hidayat) them to the right. In other words, no one can give hidayat (guidance) other than Allah, not even the prophets can guide. Hidayat (guidance) belongs to Allah completely. The prophets bid haqq and haqiqa (right and reality) to the people, they show the right way. And people may or may not believe, that is up to them, but hidayat (guidance) belongs to Allah.
“Sadaqa (charity) to non-Muslims is mubah (permitted),” a narration by Qurtubi.
Now, can you give sadaqa to non-Muslims? You see, it is mubah (permitted) and can be given, it is not haram, and it is not a sin to give sadaqa to them, rather it is mubah (permitted). Firasat (keen vision) is superior than karamat. Please pay attention to this part! Firasat is to look via Allah’s nūr (light).
If one can look from the perspective of Quran, then that is the true firasat (keen vision). That is to look via the nūr (light) of Allah. That is, a keen understanding which superior than karamat, and superior than wonders.
Firasat: To see via the nūr (light) of Allah, but farasat does not mean the same thing. People use farasat when they want to use firasat sometimes. Farasat means horsemanship.
Now, let us talk about “hicran,”. So far, we have tried to convey you information on the discovery of these verses about hikmat. Our topic was the discovery of hikmat so far. Now, hicran means separation, longing, and yearning. There is also visâl, which means to come together. So, what is the joy and desire? That is, the meeting of the one who loves and the one who is loved. This is called Aashiq and Mashooq. The word is an exxagrated version of the word muhabbat, in other words, love means excessive affection. And no one can love Allah excessively, for humans are powerless in doing it. That is why muhabbat or affection is more valid than the word love. That is why the word used for separation and longing is “hicran”. As for “visal” it means to come together. It clashes with affection at all times.
The moment of affection is like the connection of negative and positive electricity, the bulb will light when that happens. So, it means that “hicran” is necessary, you need to long for Allah. And there has to be “visal”, and the fire of affection will light up in you. That is, the desire to come together with Allah, and to see Allah’s jamal (beauty).
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You see, it is said that if you have these two, they will make sparks of affection at all times. The moment of affection is like connection of positive and negative electricity, which makes a bulb give light. The discoveries start, and lights of firasat (keen vision) start shining.
Sadaqa (charity) is righteousness, and sihhat. It is like a friend. If a person is doing charity in the way of Allah with pleasure, then this is a clear indication of that the person has love of Allah, and this is sıhhat (righteousness), for sadaqa (charity) that is given returns back to the person along with many favors.
Moreover, in the 9th verse of Surah at-Tawbah, Allah said: “Those who purchased a small value in exchange of the verses have blocked Allah’s way,”. Now, they had concealed the verses, they did this to Bible and Torah. They took money, and concealed the truths. Now, the people of science who are fed by the batil (wrong) systems are also like this if they do not tell the truths. The truth must be told. If you do not tell the truth, or rather if you do not explain the verses correctly, and if you take chair, position, money, or something else in return, then you will be struck by the wrath of Allah, and a gag-bit made of fire will be attached to your mouth. The latter is hadith-i shareef. Concealing the truth is treachery to Allah, the Book, and the mankind. “Nafakatul mar-I ala iyalihi sadagatun,”. “Sadaqa given to one’s own children or wife (iyâl) is also sadaqa,” this is a hadith-i sharif narrated (rivayat) by Ahmad ibn Hanbal and Bukhari Sharif. It is also said that there is seventyfold more virtuous (fazilat) in giving zakat (poor-dues) and sadaqa (charity) openly. It is also seventyfold more virtuous (fazilat) to give nafila sadaqa openly.
So, it means that the fards (obligatory ones), foremost zakat (poor-dues) should be given openly. As for the sadaqa (charity) that are nafila (supererogatory), they should also be given openly but given them in a way that it does not hurt the honor of the person whom you give. Give it by shielding his/her dignity and honor. It is also said that concealing nafila (supererogatory) sadaqa is seventyfold more virtuous (fazilat).
[2:263] “wa-llāhu ghaniyyun ḥalīmun”. [2:268] “wa-llāhu wāsiʿun ʿalīmun,”. [2:245] “wa-llāhu yaqbiḍu wa-yabsuṭu,”. Surah al-Baqarah, 245, 263, 268. These are verses of Surah al-Baqarah. One is able to see the truth clearly and one by one when he/she recites and discovers these verses. May Janâb-I Haqq admit all of us into the group of servants who are filled to brim with hikmat (wisdom) in both worlds.
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