Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 67-71
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 28
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
Janâb-i Haqq narrated us humanities fondness for wealth, and in the journey of hini people will leave them all. Now, what does journey of hini mean? It means that when the Hour comes, they will leave all of it. Azrail (a.s.) will come, take him, lower him/her into the grave, and then raise him/her, and bring him/her to the great gathering (mahshar). Now, the humanity should be careful as regards to the fact that goals are not sacrificed for tools. The world is a tool, but it is not the goal, everyone should learn this as a lesson. Now, clearly goals should not be sacrificed for tools. The goal is the riza (approval) of Allah, this is the purpose. That said, what is the situation of those who abandon Allah, the religion (din), and Islam, only to be stuck in this world? They have sacrificed the goals for tools. They would be giving up Allah, the Prophet, Quran, the afterlife (ākhira), and Janna (Paradise) for the world, which is a pity indeed.
The wonderful place that is with Allah (c.c.) should not be sacrificed for worldly things, for all great places and positions (maqam) are in the sight of Allah. Can you sacrifice the wonderful place, position (maqam), Janna (Paradise), and Jamal (Beauty) that is with Allah Ta’ala for worldly things? Should you sacrifice these for the world and go to Jahannam (Hell)? Besides, Allah’s riza (approval) is greater than everything, and that is above all pleasures. Ittiqa (fear of Allah), is reserved for the people of taqwa (piety) and ibadat (worship), who are right and honest, who spend [to charity], and ask for forgiveness in early beams. In Bukhari Sharif, Janâb-i Haqq says, “ridwān (pleased),” and “I shall not get angry with you forever.”. So, once Allah says, “I am razi (pleased) with you,” it means that Allah has favoured this servant as ridwān (pleased), with regards to that Janâb-i Haqq says, “I shall not be angry with you, forever, for I am razi (pleased) with you.”. Allah says that to ahlul taqwa (pious people). This is a hadith-i-qudsi.
Then again, in the Glorious Quran, Allah says, “ʾayyuhum ʾaḥsanu ʿamala,” both in the beginning of Surah al-Mulk, and the 7th verse of Surah al-Kahf, it means, “We have made everything on earth an adornment for it.”. Why? “that We may test people,” and the world is a field of test to test people.
One should not forget that in each breath, and in every action, he/she is face-to-face with a trial. Umar used to beg to Janâb-i Haqq by saying, “My Allah! Bestow upon me preservance (sabr).”. You see, he wishes for preservance (sabr) as favor. O, Muslim! Ask for preservance (sabr) as favor, and try to be smart like Umar.
That said, the sahabah (companions), radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain, would ask for forgiveness at the crack of dawn, they would do jihad (struggle) in battle, they would deal with knowledge (ilm) and learning (irfan), and bid Islam to non-Muslims. They would defend the Real (al-Haqq), and the iman (belief) in battlefields, against the imposers who attack them. They would bid people the Real (al-Haqq), and at nights, at crack of dawn, they would ask for forgiveness from Allah.
Time Stamp: 5:01
There is something about Al-Imam Al-Azam as regards to which the ulama and all grand âlims have consensus in. Al-Imam Al-Azam had performed dawn namāz with the abdast (ablution) he took for the night namāz. There are narrations (rivayat) that convey that he could read Quran from cover to cover in two rakaʿāt of namāz. There are so many other things as well, for once you get the taste of it, once you get the pleasure, and once the love of Janâb-i Haqq settles in you, you will feel a burning enthusiasm and muhabbat (love). Your heart will start to brimming over with a magnificent love and compassion once love of Allah is ignited. O, Muslim! Love your Rabb (Lord)! It is your Rabb who created you, so love your Rabb with every fibre of your being, and be under your Rabb’s command. Do not ever leave the gate of rahmat (mercy) of your Rabb, hand over your heart to your Rabb, and always ask from your Rabb.
Now, another point of interest is that the mention of the grand witnessing. So, after conveying the core meaning with regards to this, we will continue exploring the meaning, and continue to convey reports. Allah’s Oneness and that Allah is al-Qayyūm (Eternal) is proven with three levels of witnessing. The first is witnessing of the truth (haqq) by seeing, and being at the ready. In this the place of the truth (haqq) is found, and proven. One may witness Allah’s existence by means of announcing the reality (haqiqa), explaining it, and proving it via documents and proofs, which is rulership; so, this is the rulership of Allah. This is what we call ilm-ul-yaqeen (the knowledge of certainty).
Ilm-ul-yaqeen, ayn-ul-yaqeen, and haqq-ul-yaqeen all lean upon one another. Ilm-ul-yaqeen will convey one to ayn-ul-yaqeen which will convey him/her to haqq-ul-yaqeen. These concepts are based on one another.
Now, let’s say you started wondering if there is a bird in your garden, you are listening, at the ready. You hearing a bird is ilm-ul-yaqeen (the knowledge of certainty) in this context. Then, when you see the bird itself, this becomes ayn-ul-yaqeen (the vision of certainty). That said, if the bird flies and lands on your hand, then what would this be? In this context, this is the real level of certainty, which is haqq-ul-yaqeen. These are like the ranks/degrees of those who are close. “Huwa huwa” – “The God is Allah”. “Huwa huwa illa hu”. “Shahida llāhu ʾannahū lā ʾilāha ʾillā hu,” says Allah. The God is Allah, not anyone else. It is Allah, and there is no god except Allah. All the knowledge (ilm) that exists, and all of the proofs that exists are all based on Haqq Ta’ala’s own knowing, announcing, and witnessing, do not forget this! Whatever knowledge (ilm) exists, and whatever proofs exist, everything is based on knowing, announcing, and witnessing of Haqq Ta’ala. What does Allah say by, [28:88] “kullu shayʾin hālikun ʾillā wajha”? “Everything shall perish, except that Allah’s Being is al-Bāqī (The Everlasting). The decree (hukm) is of Allah, and our return is to Allah, so tell this to your nafs (self). O, humanity! O, Muslims! The decree (hukm) is of Allah, it belongs to Almighty Allah, and our return is to Allah, so tell this to your nafs (self) so that it may show obedience to Allah, and that it may bow down to Quran and iman (faith), and that it may show obedience and abide by the laws (taat). You should tell these to your nafs (self) so that it may not rebel. Put your will (irada), self (nafs), aql (intellect), idea, and all your abilities under Allah’s command. When then, you are a Muslim.
Time Stamp: 10:23
Decree (Hukm) belongs to Allah, and our return is to Allah. The exoteric realm is afaqi realm, and this is the greater one which is outside, encompasses all horizons and all heavens. These are called the exoteric realm, or rather afaqi realm. There is also the esoteric realm, which is the inner world of the human beings. The inner world of humans is the anfusi realm. However, the greater realm has been folded up inside the inner world of people. It has been folded up inside the anfusi realm. The inner realm of humans is a lesser realm but the greater realm was folded up and placed inside humans. [41:53] “sa-nurīhim ʾāyātinā fī l-ʾāfāqi wa-fī ʾanfusihim.”. What does Allah say here? Allah says, “Is it not sufficient that your Rabb is witness to all things so that the fact that Al-Quran Al-Karim is real can be understood well? Moreover, in this verse of Quran, Janâb-i Haqq will show signs of Allah both in anfusi and afaqi realms to those who knew until this day that Al-Quran Al-Karim is real and those who did not accept it. There will not be anyone left in this world who will not understand that Islam is the real (haqq) religion (din), and if there are, they will fill the Jahannam (Hell). The humans think they know themselves, but there any many unknown things in our bodies and spirits, these things have not been witnessed yet and there are many aspects of them that are filled with relativities. The human is not yet discovered to its fullest. The heavens, the afaqi (physical) world, and the anfusi (inner) world, have not been discovered enough at this time. When they will be discovered enough, the world will know that Allah Ta’ala, Quran, Islam, and the Prophet has always been real (haqq). These truths will be shown to so called modern disbelievers with signs of Allah. The age does not matter. There are ranks of people of knowledge (ilm), and this is in proportion with their proximity to this witnessing. He/she who is able to witness the existence of Allah Ta’ala, Allah’s Oneness, laws and rules, the Book, and the Prophet with every fibre of his/her being has the utmost rank among the people of knowledge (ilm). The ranks/degrees of people of knowledge (ilm), is in proportion with their relation with this witnessing. If they are at ilm-ul-yaqeen then they will have that rank, if they are ayn-ul-yaqeen then they will have that rank, and if they are haqq-ul-yaqeen they will have that rank. If none of these are attained by them, and their status is low, then they shall stay in that status.
Now, why are we trying to discover these life-giving verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim, and try to find life in them altogether? We are doing this to strengthen our witnessing. We want the Muslims of the world to be witnesses of Allah, Islam, Quran, and the Prophet. They should recite shadada (testimony of faith) sincerely. They should understand the meaning and be able to back the meaning while saying, “ašhadu ʾan lā ʾilāha ʾilla -llāhu, wa-ʾašhadu ʾanna muḥammadan rasūlu -llāh.”. The contents of this testimony are filled is Islam. This is a witnessing to Allah, and the Prophethood of the Prophet, and also to the fact that Al-Quran Al-Karim is the true (haqq) Book, and that Islam is the true (haqq) religion (din).
Time Stamp: 15:06
The content of kalimat al-tawheed (lit. word of divine unity) is full. That said, the contents of “lā ʾilāha ʾillā -llāh muḥammadun rasūlu -llāh,” is full of Islam as well. If someone does not accept Islam partly, and denies the part he/she does not accept, then the content of his/her kalimat al-tawheed (lit. word of divine unity) is void, and it is fair to say he/she is in denial. Monotheism look like a coat over these people, but there is denial in them. It is said that those who partly believe Islam and partly deny it, along with those who accept some verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim and do not accept some are complete disbelievers (kāfirs). I advise these people go ahead and read Al-Quran Al-Karim’s verses and look into Surah al-Isra and Surah Ali’ Imran!
Therefore, those who cannot feel the witnessing of Haqq Ta’ala in them cannot be among the real alims and they cannot be among the real Muslims if they cannot feel the witnessing of Allah in their hearts. You have to feel the witnessing of Allah, and then you shall witness to the fact that Allah is attributed with perfect attributes and that Allah is the Real (al-Haqq) Entity. Allah’s witnessing is clear, and you shall witness Allah with every fibre of your being. And you have to recite shadada (testimony of faith) correctly. There are sufists who deny the existence of knowledge, who are sceptical deniers. There are also obstinate disbelievers (kāfirs) who slightly knew but still denied the existence of the Real (al-Haqq). You see, all angels and all souls are witnesses of the Real (al-Haqq). All prophets, all grand âlims (Islamic scholars) and real philosophers have been witnessing for Allah by saying, “lā ʾilāha ʾillā hu, lā ʾilāha ʾillā -llāhu muḥammadun rasūlu -llāh, ašhadu ʾan lā ʾilāha ʾilla -llāhu, wa-ʾašhadu ʾanna muḥammadan abduhu wa rasūlu -llāh.”.
There is no other god except Allah, and Muhammad is Allah’s true (haqq) Prophet, he is the last Prophet, he is the Prophet of Rahmat (Mercy) upon all the worlds, he is the Prophet of all humans and jinn. He is the Prophet of all nations and all times. I have believed in the entirety of the religion (din) of Islam that was sent down to Muhammad, and affirmed this with my heat, and testified this with my tongue. I witness, with every fibre of my being, that there is no god but Allah, and Prophet Muhammad is the greatest servant (qul) of Allah, and he is the greatest Prophet, and the last Prophet.
Some of the priests of Damascus had come to Madinah. They wanted to visit al-Madinah al-Munawwarah (The Enlightened City) and our Prophet, and upon seeing Madinah, they talked about the resemblance of Madinah with the city of the prophet of the end times, then when they visited our Master (asw), they knew him from his traits and characteristics. They had read about his sifats (attributes) in the Bible. They had read about his sifats (attributes) in the Torah. They said, “You are Muhammad and you are Ahmad!” for this was written in the Bible. It was also written in Torah. Our Master (asw) said “I am Muhammad, and I am Ahmad”. The Priests said, “Inform us about the greatest witnessing in the Book of Allah Ta’ala.”. They had asked about the greatest witnessing in the Book. Upon which, [3:18-19] “shahida llāhu ʾannahū lā ʾilāha ʾillā huwa wa-l-malāʾikatu wa-ʾulū l-ʿilmi qāʾiman bi-l-qisṭi lā ʾilāha ʾillā huwa l-ʿazīzu l-ḥakīm ʾinna d-dīna ʿinda llāhi l-ʾislām,” these verses, these holy “words that announce the greatest witnessing was revealed. Then, the priests became Muslims. [3:19] “ʾinna d-dīna ʿinda llāhi l-ʾislām,” this verse said that only religion in the sight of Allah is Islam, and our Prophet had recited it. Now, as regards to the meaning of the verse, in the qirā’ah of al-Kisa’i it is recited as (اَنَّ) and in others it is recited as (إِنَّ), and this verse witnessed that Islam is the right (haqq) religion (din) in the eyes of Allah.
Time Stamp: 21:33
Janâb-i Haqq witnesses that there is only Allah, and that there is no god other than Allah, and witnesses that the religion in the eyes of Allah is only Islam. The real (haqq) religion (din) is Islam. Haqq-ul-yaqeen, ayn-ul-yaqeen, ilm-ul-yaqeen. The sole religion (din) that is sirat al-mustaqim, for which a Prophet was sent to direct the Awliya is Islam. So, what is religion (din)? It is the divine law that dispatches people of intellect (aql) to good (khayr) and bounty (nimet) on their own free will. Now, this section is important. The religion (din) is the divine law. It is the divine law that dispatches people of intellect to good (khayr) and bounty (nimet) on their own free will.
Piety is religiousness; piety means religiousness. So, what is religion (din)? It is the divine law that dispatches people of intellect to good (khayr) and bounty (nimet) on their own free will. Now, please pay attention now! The religion (din) is the divine law. It is the divine law that dispatches people of intellect to good (khayr) and bounty (nimet) on their own free will.
It means the religion (din) is the divine law, and piety means religiousness? But what is the measure of religiousness? The religiousness of a person is measured by his abidance by the divine law. So, it means that the religion (din) and religiousness are not the same. Therefore, piety and religion are not the same. It means that the religion (din) equals Allah’s law, and religiousness equals how the degree a person lives the religion, that is a measure of how religious a person is.
That is why we need to understand the religion (din) well, and we must be really pious people, for ahlul diyanet are the people who are really pious. That said, the religion (din) is the entirety of all the laws of Allah. Whatever came down to Muhammad in the name of Islam is religion (din), and these are the laws of the religion (din), and they are divine. Concurrently, these are divine laws, which constitute a divine establishment. That is, the founder of this establishment is Allah Ta’ala, and the religion (din) is a divine-order-system and divine establishment that is founded with an envoy, which is the Prophet. This is also referred to as sharīʿah (law) and the nation, so they are another name for this establishment. Besides, the way is sirat al-mustaqim (the straight path), the law, and the authority. Thus, the religion (din) is sharīʿah (law) and the nation, and at the same time the way is sirat al-mustaqim (the straight path), law, and authority; for the religion (din) is completely divine, it is the divine authority. Yet the contrary occurs when people do not obey the religion (din) and implement it, the authority will be gone, and fake states will emerge, and we will lose the real state. The religion (din) is authority, a strong nation, and a strong state. However, if the contrary occurs, then there is a divine punishment, for the religion (din) consists of divine laws, therefore when you refuse to obey you should know that the divine punishment is near, from then on you will feel the divine punishment, and then you will be struck by divine punishment, and you will get that which you have deserved. Allah is devoid of cruelty, and the justice of Allah will be manifested to the utmost, this has been the situation, and it will be in the future as well.
Time Stamp: 26:35
Religiousness means submission to divine laws, al-Hakim (Ever-Wise), and to Allah, this is important. Piety and religiousness are submission to divine laws, al-Hakim (Ever-Wise), and to Allah. Now, let us look at religiousness from this perspective. So, from what we have understood about religiousness and piety so far, let us talk about today’s situation. Is there enough religiousness and piety, and a complete submission to Allah Ta’ala in them? Is there a complete submission to the divine laws? Or, are they disregarding the divine laws? Or, are they punishing those who say there are divine laws? This is important! The servitude (qulluq) is in religiousness, and religiousness is in piety, and piety is in the divine laws, which is submission to al-Hakim (Ever-Wise), Allah. The name of this is being a qul (servant). Otherwise, some may say they are Muslims without submission to Allah. They may not have submission to Allah’s laws, and they may regard Allah’s law inferior to other laws, saying there are other laws to abide by. If you do that, you should think well about what you are doing! You should think about what will happen to you, and which to which punishment you will be sentenced to. Azrail (a.s.) is at the nape of your neck, waiting for your hour to come, think about this! Know that he is waiting for your hour. It does not matter if you are faithful or not. The faithless lot will be taken with their disbelief. The believing lot will be taken with their belief. One of these lots will be acquitted while the other will be sentenced for their lack of iman (belief). So, get your mind together! Do not be influenced by lords and kings, and do not revolt against Allah, but obey. Do not accept other people’s rulership and deny the rulership of Allah. Submit to the rulership and sovereignty of Allah, and the laws of Allah.
Time Stamp: 29:37
Islam is derived from the root “s-l-m”, it means peace. The word Islam itself contains “s-l-m” which comes from the root of the word salamat (salvation). Thus, and so, Islam is a complete peace, and a complete salamat (salvation). Outside Islam there is nothing but war and disaster, for Islam is submission to the rulership of Allah, the command of Allah, Allah, and the laws of Allah. By accepting Islam, you are surrendering to the sovereignty and rulership of Allah, and you are showing obedience by abiding by the laws of Allah. So, what is the antonym of Islam? That would be war and disaster. You see, if all people had acknowledged the rulership of Allah in today’s world, and if Allah’s laws had been be implemented, then you would not be able to see anything other than peace and safety, anything lesser than that is impossible. Yet the humanity keeps falling into the holes they have been digging themselves. They are tumbling towards the deepest pits of Jahannam (Hell). That is, those who do not know Allah, those who do not accept the rulership of Allah, those who do not accept the laws of Allah, and those who do not surrender to Allah. They have been digging holes, only to fall into them. They keep tumbling about, but towards what? Some are tumbling towards war, and others are tumbling towards disaster, as for Islam, it is nothing but peace and safety.
Our message is for the entire humanity. The humanity consists of the servants (qul) of Allah. We are all servants (qul) of Allah, and sons of Adam. Our father is Adam, and our mother is Hawwa. Come, let us, and the whole world, be brothers and sisters. Let us enter peace altogether, and live in safety. Let us be saved from disasters and wars, and Allah’s blessings (nimet) are more than enough for us all; they are enough in the world, and they shall be enough in the eternal life.
Time Stamp: 32:28
Beloved friends, let us enter peace and safety, and abide therein. The religion (din) and submission are the laws that ensure social peace. Now, listen carefully. The religion (din) is the set of laws that ensure social peace. The laws of the religion (din) of Islam are Allah’s own laws, and they are of the rulership and sovereignty of Allah. They are the contract of concord between the servant (qul) and Allah, for the servant (qul) has given a promise to Allah. When you become a Muslim, you are giving a promise to Allah. That said, Islam is already in your innate nature (fitrah), for you every person gave a promise to Allah in Bezm-i Alem (the realm of spirits) and Qalu Bala. Now, those who came to world and return from their promise do not want to become Muslims. Those who are not real Muslims are in this class as well as the hypocrites (munafiq) to whose heart belief (iman) has not entered. The polytheist (mushrik) is in this class as well, for they have returned from the promise they gave to Allah. Those who hold their words are the real Muslims. Now, we see that the laws that establish social peace are the laws of Islam. This is the way of establishing peace in the world. The religion (din) is a contract of concord between Allah and the servant (qul). It is not a contract of discord or rebellion; it is a contract of concord. The servant (qul) may ask from Allah however he/she wants, and Allah creates what the servant (qul) wants. Now, this part is important! The servant (qul) may ask whatever he/she wills from Allah, in a way that suits the riza (approval) of Allah, and in accord with the laws of Allah. Then, Allah creates what the servant (qul) has wished. Thus, an eternal vuslat (meeting) with Allah occurs. That is, you attain all blessings (nimet) and riza (approval) of Allah, and by that you would attain vuslat (meeting). Peace and civilisation occur as well. This is rather important actually, a peaceful civilisation will occur, and people will find blessing (nimet) and salvation (falah). “La ilaha illa hu,” obedience, submission, ikhlas (sincerity), and devotion are for Allah, because there is no god except Allah, there is no other deity. The Real (al-Haqq) God is none other than Allah. Islam-un-illa llahi, submission to Allah. So, what is Islam? Islam-un-illa llahi, Islam is submission to Allah, it is also the religion (din), religiousness, devotion, and safety (salamat). Now, please pay attention to this! The religion (din) will convey you to religiousness, which will convey you to obedience, and it will connect you to the commandment of Allah, and in the end, you are in safety (salamat). Peace and amicableness are in Islam, and the antonym of these is nothing but war and disaster. The religion (din) in the world and in the afterlife, with its esoteric and exoteric, is none other than the Real Islam. Islam, with its esoteric and exoteric, is a complete religion (din), and it is the real (haqq) religion.
[3:19] “ʾinna d-dīna ʿinda llāhi l-ʾislām” – “Indeed, with Allah religion is Islam.”. This is important! Allah’s (c.c.) Islam is for exalting the faithful people who are sincere to safety (salamat) via the rahmat (mercy) of Allah. This is the Islam of Allah (c.c.). As for the Islam of the servant (qul) it is submission to Allah. Now, please pay attention. The Islam of the servant (qul) is to submit to Allah, and enter the path of safety (salamat). The religion (din) is knowing the Real (al-Haqq). The origin of knowledge (ilm) is also the religion (din). [3:19] “ʾinna d-dīna ʿinda llāhi l-ʾislām,” do not forget! “Indeed, with Allah religion is Islam,” says Al-Quran Al-Karim, so do not forget. That is said by the Book of Allah Ta’ala, which consists of the utterance (kalam) of Allah, so do not forget. May Janâb-i Haqq not make us among the unwary, the ignorant, the deniers, the hypocrites, and the polytheists, the bâgî and tâgî, the rebellious, the wicked evil-doers, or venial sinners.
Time Stamp: 38:42
– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 28
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
Quran spreads nūr (light). Quran gives life. It is the divine law and rules. It shall give us life forever. Our lectures, which we conduct with regards to the holy talks regarding holy values that we receive from Al-Quran Al-Karim’s verses continue. May Janâb-i Haqq make us find life from the life-giving Quran in the real sense. May Janâb-i Haqq make us find the real life, and bestow upon us an eternally blissful life.
[3:20] “fa-ʾin ḥājjūka fa-qul ʾaslamtu wajhiya li-llāhi wa-mani ttabaʿani wa-qul li-lladhīna ʾūtū l-kitāba wa-l-ʾummiyyīna ʾa-ʾaslamtum fa-ʾin ʾaslamū fa-qadi htadaw wa-ʾin tawallaw fa-ʾinnamā ʿalayka l-balāghu wa-llāhu baṣīrun bi-l-ʿibād.”.
[3:21] “ʾinna lladhīna yakfurūna bi-ʾāyāti llāhi wa-yaqtulūna n-nabiyyīna bi-ghayri ḥaqqin wa-yaqtulūna lladhīna yaʾmurūna bi-l-qisṭi mina n-nāsi fa-bashshirhum bi-ʿadhābin ʾalīm.”.
[3:22] “ʾulāʾika lladhīna ḥabiṭat ʾaʿmāluhum fī d-dunyā wa-l-ʾākhirati wa-mā lahum min nāṣirīn.”.
[3:23] “ʾa-lam tara ʾilā lladhīna ʾūtū naṣīban mina l-kitābi yudʿawna ʾilā kitābi llāhi li-yaḥkuma baynahum thumma yatawallā farīqun minhum wa-hum muʿriḍūn.”.
[3:24] “dhālika bi-ʾannahum qālū lan tamassanā n-nāru ʾillā ʾayyāman maʿdūdātin wa-gharrahum fī dīnihim mā kānū yaftarūn.”.
[3:25] “fa-kayfa ʾidhā jamaʿnāhum li-yawmin lā rayba fīhi wa-wuffiyat kullu nafsin mā kasabat wa-hum lā yuẓlamūn.”.
“Thereagainst, if they try to argue with you, say,” says Janâb-i Haqq to Prophet Muhammad in these verses. “Say, ‘I, along with those who follow me, have submitted myself to Allah.”.
You see, Prophet Muhamad, and the believers (mu’minun). Those who followed him, and those who became Muslims are those who submit themselves to Allah.
“Say to those who were given the Book, and the unlettered [to whom no Book was given],” now, who is mentioned here are the Christians, the Jews, and people of other nations. “Say, ‘Have you also accepted Islam?’ If they enter Islam, then they will have found guidance. But if they turn away, then what falls on you is only to bid. Allah is Seeing of the servants (qul).
Janâb-i Haqq observes us all the time, sees our affairs, and knows what we do. We are all in a test field.
“Those who deny the signs (ayat) of Allah, and kill prophets unjustly,” and the Jews are foremost among them. They had killed Zakariya (Zachariah), Yahyā (John), and some other prophets. They martyred the prophets, slayed them, and murdered them. They also wanted to crucify Isa (Jesus). Allah saved him. “Among people there are those who slay those of the people who bid justice,” you see they slayed the real âlims (Islamic scholars). They slain people who were just. They had done their evil to those who wanted to rule by justice, and they martyred them; they killed them. “Give them ‘the good news’ of a painful punishment,” says Janâb-i Haqq.
Time Stamp: 5:05
O, dearest friends!
There is a mindset that object to Allah, object to the prophets, object to the divine books, and object to the laws of Allah. They are the cause of many disasters that the world had to endure. This was the case back then, it is today, and it will be the same tomorrow. The people who believe in Allah, who are Allah’s servants (qul) love all people for Allah, and they embrace all people with the mercy of Allah. You see, Allah submitted the entirety of the ecosystem and nature at our disposal. Those who appreciate this value are grateful for the bounties given, and do you think these people can do evil to the humanity? Islam embraces the entirety of all people with rahmat (mercy), compassion, and justice. It is just that Islam says stop to those who stand against the laws of Allah, which is for ensuring the safety, serenity, and security of the humanity, and also to implement the justice.
You see, [3:22], those who do not acknowledge the law of Allah are in such a loss that all their doings will go in vain in the world and the afterlife. They will not have any helpers either.
[3:23] “Do you not see those who have been given a share from the Book, they are being invited to the Book of Allah to judge between them, and then some of them turn away and go.”
That is, they are not pleased (razi) with the decree (hukm) of the Book of Allah.
[3:24] “This is because they say, “The Fire does not touch us except for a few days”.
They have been fabricating lies, and they are deceiving themselves with their religion. They are fooling themselves. They have fabricated a religion (din), they have distorted the real religion (din), they have distorted the religion (din) of Isa and Musa, and they fabricated a religion (din), and see how they are deceiving themselves with it.
[3:25] “On the Day about which there is no doubt, when we gather them together, and when every person will be repaid in full for what they have earned, without being wronged; how will they be?”
How will they be on that Day? In the mahkeme-i kûbra (the grand court), Allah will pass judgement.
Our lectures continue with verses that spread nūr (light), they give life, and bring forth the reality. How happy is he/she who find life via these divine signs (ayat), those who become happy, those who adopt real belief (iman), whose esoteric and exoteric is nothing but belief (iman), knowledge (ilm), and learning (irfan). How happy is he/she who is under the command of Allah, at the service of Quran, and in the way of Muhammad. How happy is he/she who follows the way that is sirat al-mustaqim (the straight path).
[3:26] “quli llāhumma mālika l-mulki tuʾtī l-mulka man tashāʾu wa-tanziʿu l-mulka mimman tashāʾu wa-tuʿizzu man tashāʾu wa-tudhillu man tashāʾu bi-yadika l-khayru ʾinnaka ʿalā kulli shayʾin qadīr.”.
[3:27] “tūliju l-layla fī n-nahāri wa-tūliju n-nahāra fī l-layli wa-tukhriju l-ḥayya mina l-mayyiti wa-tukhriju l-mayyita mina l-ḥayyi wa-tarzuqu man tashāʾu bi-ghayri ḥisāb.”.
Time Stamp: 10:11
[3:26] “Say, ‘O my Allah, owner of Mulk (Sovereignty)!” My Allah! With every fibre of my being, my Allah! I say Allah, make us among those who can say Allah sincerely and with every fibre of their being, bestow upon us this favor. This is because all things, including our beings belong to You. I have believed in You with every fibre of my being. I am powerless, unwary, ignorant, and a servant (qul)! Whatever I have, You gave to me, and there would be nothing left had You took what You gave. This is because we all belong to You. O, my Allah! I am calling you Allah with every fibre of my being! Make me among those who speak the truth. Make me among those who say “Allah” rightly. Make me and all of us among the devout and trustworthy servants (qul).
Give much bliss to everyone who wish to find life in the world and say they want to become Muslims, and make them become Muslims as a favor. We are not adulating anyone, we are not flattering anyone, and we are not overpraising anyone. We are not doing any of these to anyone in the west or in the east. We are only trying to tell the truths to the servants (qul) of Allah, and understand and narrate Al-Quran Al-Karim correctly. You see, only then we may find a complete life, and bliss. That is why, say “O, my Allah, owner of owner of Mulk (Sovereignty)!” You are azali & abadi (without beginning or end). You are the owner of all sovereignty, the heavens and the earth, the arş-i ala (the ninth heaven), ʿArsh (the Throne), Janna (Paradise), Jahannam (Hell). O, my Allah (c.c.), the sole Ruler of all the worlds!
[3:26] “You give mulk (sovereignty) to whomever You wish, and you take it away from whomever You wish. You render whomever You wish azīz (powerful), and render whomever you wish zelil (humiliated). The good (khayr) is in Your hand. Surely, You are al-Qadir (The All-Powerful).
Amenna wa saddaqna. Amantu wa saddaqtu.
My Allah! Make our iman (belief) perfect, and lasting. Make all of ours iman (beliefs) perfect, and lasting, and make all our deeds sahih (good). Make us among those who find life with the nūr (light) of Quran. Shield us from a fake life, a bestial life, and vegetative state. O, our Rabb, give us the life that Islam gives, the one that You are pleased (razi) with, so favor us with the life-style that You wish, O our Rabb!
[3:27] “You fold the night into the day, and You fold the day into the night; and You bring the living out from the dead, and bring the dead out from the living, and You give sustenance (rizq) beyond measure to whom You wish.” You are All-Knowing, and to You belongs all hikmat (wisdom), and everything about You brim over with hikmat (wisdom).
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Dearest and most revered listeners!
Let us discourse on exploring these verses of Quran together. Let us listen wholeheartedly. Insha’ Allah we shall earn nūr (light) after nūr (light), and then find life. This is the Book of Life that gives life, which belongs to Allah who created life itself. This is the Book of Islam that prepares you for eternal bliss. This is the Book of Allah, Al-Quran Al-Karim, and our life-giving lectures of it shall continue.
May Janâb-i Haqq do not make us fail. May Janâb-i Haqq make us find life, be happy, and attain the riza (approval) of Allah. May Janâb-i Haqq favor us all with eternal blessings (nimet), altogether. I am not praying for myself but for all of us, for we are all servants (qul) of Allah, and we are Muhammad’s ummah (nation), and we are all children of Adam and Hawwa.
We are not different, I am among you, and you are among us, I love you all. I love you all, and that is why I am endeavouring to study these life-giving lessons with you, so that we may all find life, which is what I am striving for, and this is because I am a servant (qul) of my Rabb, and if I do not be of service to you, then what will I say before Janâb-i Haqq tomorrow? How can I not share these with you, since Janâb-i Haqq bestowed these upon me as favor?
Had I refused to share, there would be a danger of becoming one of those who incurred curse of Allah. There is a danger of becoming ungenerous; and a danger of incurring the curse of Allah. There is a danger of being bridled with a bit mouthpiece made out of fire. Al-Quran Al-Karim has informed us about these dangers. Those who know the Book cannot conceal it, they shall explain it forthrightly. You cannot narrate Quran under the influence of this or that group, or this or that leader or commander. You cannot narrate Quran under the influence of sects or factions. You cannot be under influence of anyone, and you should do it with a complete ikhlas (sincerity), only for earning the riza (approval) of Allah. You must completely lean upon knowledge (ilm), and confess your inability, confess your ignorance and unwariness. Thereafter we shall be beneficial to each other.
Now, what is said here? “Prophet Muhammad (asw) is the Prophet of the Arabs, non-Arabs. That is, the entire humanity.”. Now, the entire humanity should pay attention to this quote. “Prophet Muhammad (asw) is the Prophet of the Arabs, non-Arabs. That is, the entire humanity.”.
Prophet Muhamad is the Prophet who embraces all people, Al-Quran Al-Karim was sent upon all the worlds, it is a Book of hidayat (guidance) sent down with Muhammad as a rahmat (mercy), it is a Book of Allah, a Book that spreads rahmat (mercy). It conveyed Allah’s hidayat (guidance) as a direct favor from Allah to the entire humanity who shine through the bosom of Muhammad. It is the Book that leads to Allah. It is a Book that is the firm handle of Allah for which there is no breaking. That is why Quran is universal, Muhammad is universal, and he is the Prophet of the humanity, and Quran is the Book of the humanity.
[34:28] “But most people do not know.”. Just have a look at the 28th verse of Surah Saba. You will see this truth and reality in Al-Quran Al-Karim, and with it you shall find life, then you will know that Muhammad is the Prophet of the entire humanity.
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[34:28] “wa-mā ʾarsalnāka ʾillā kāffatan li-n-nāsi bashīran wa-nadhīran.”. Sadaqallah-ul-Azeem-ul-âla. Allah has said the truth, for Allah speaks the truth. Allah speaks the truest. The prophets speak the truest. Allah’s Book speak the truest. Furthermore, the faithful groups who have submitted to Allah, who have entered under the command of Allah, with all every fibre of their being speak the truest.
Our Master (asw), asked something to the Jews and the Christians. He asked, “Will you witness that Isa’s word is the word of Allah, and that he is a servant (qul) and rasul (messenger) of Allah?”. The Jews said, “Maazallah – God forbid!”. The Christians said, “Can Isa be a servant (qul)?”.
Please, pay close attention now. The Jews did not accept Isa as a Prophet, and they did not witness that he was a servant (qul) and rasul (messenger) of Allah. That said, the Jews who could not accept his prophethood would call Isa a walad zinā (a child born out of wedlock). The Jews had slandered Maryam and Isa. That said, the exceptions do not break the rule. We are not talking about those who did not. Then, what did the Christians say? They claimed the opposite, and fell into something deeper, they got stuck in polytheism (shirk) while the others are stuck in disbelief (kufr), but the Christians were stuck in polytheism (shirk). They had said, “Can Isa be a servant (qul)?”. They would call him “God who is son of God”. Never! Never in ever! So, we see that one of them denied Isa and the other divinised him. However, both sides deviated from the way of Isa, Musa, Bible, and Torah. They were also denying Quran. They were denying Muhammad as well. Now, there is a terrifying precipice here, one that brings misery unto the humanity. Our Master (asw) had visited a Jewish school, and called them to iman (belief). He said, “Let us make Torah arbitrator,” to the Jews. The Jews would claim that Ibrahim (a.s.) was Jewish whereas Ibrahim (a.s.) was neither a Jew, nor a Christian but he was a really hanif (righteous) Muslim prophet. They feared the arbitratorship of their own Book with regards to matters such as the stoning incident. Now, please pay attention. They refused the offer of our Prophet. They doubted the arbitratorship of their own Book so to speak.
The munkirs (deniers) trust their mulk (sovereignty), state, wealth, and power. This goes for all deniers; they did not even trust their own Book. So, a false Jew who do not even accept the arbitratorship of his/her own Book, or a similar false Jew, can these people become Muslims? Those who were real Muslims are exceptions, of course. People were believing in the real Musa and the real Torah, which was in the time of Musa, before the arrival of Isa, and the arrival of Bible. The real Muslims who were devoted to the sharīʿah (law) of real Musa at those times are exceptions. Those who were devoted to the sharīʿah (law) of Isa before the coming of Muhammad are also exceptions.
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Then, Muhammad, Al-Quran Al-Karim, and Islam came and renewed the past ones, and abrogated their hukm (decree). Now, let us have a look at the mindset that did not become Muslims, and denied Muhammad when that happened, what do they trust? They trust in their mulk (sovereignty), state, wealth, and power. They do not acknowledge “mālika l-mulki”. That is, they do not acknowledge Allah Ta’ala, and Allah’s signs (ayat). So, who is the Real “mālika l-mulki”? Is it not Allah Ta’ala, the Real Ruler, Master of the Sovereignty? They do not accept Allah, and they deny the signs (ayat) of Allah. This is their dishonesty; they have been deceiving themselves. They have embraced the world and denied Allah, the afterlife (ākhira), and bring misery unto themselves. They are so far from finding life, and this mindset has entered into a disaster that will fade their lives forever. The false Muslims are no exception here.
In the Conquest of Mecca, and in the Battle of the Trench, our Master (asw) promised the lands of the Persians and the Rum to his ummah (nation). So, what did he say? There were two supreme states in the world at that time, one of them was the Persian Empire, and the other was the Rum Empire.
Our Prophet said, “These two supreme states will come into the possession of Muslims entirely, and Islam will spread there, and those states will fall under the rulership of Muslims.”. The Jews and the hypocrites (munafiqun), this mindset, immediately opposed the truth (haqq). What did they say? They said, “Alas!”. That is, they said, “What a distinct possibility, is there any chance what Muhammad said will happen?”. They said, “Was Makkah Mukarrama and Madina Munavvara not enough for Muhammad that he wants the Persian and Rum empires.”.
Allah wants it. Muhammad is the appointed Prophet of Allah. Fars, Europe, Asia, the other continents, the heavens and the earth, everything that has ever existed and will exist belongs to Allah. They do not belong to Persians, Rums, Arabs, or Turks. They all belong to Allah; therefore, what Allah wants shall happen.
So, are they trying to confine Allah Ta’ala to Mecca and Madinah, saying Allah will meddle with these lands for Allah cannot afford dealing with other places? Is this what they want to say, this is certainly a non-Muslim mindset. These are indeed deviated mindsets. These are expressions of a mindset that does not accept Allah.
Those who know Allah know that all the worlds belong to Allah, and everything is the mulk (sovereignty) of Allah. Allah Akbar zul melekutu, Allah is owner of melekut (complete sovereignty). Allah is the greatest, and there is no other grand ruler but Allah. Zul melekutu wel ceberuti, Allah is also the owner of ceberut (grandeur). Wel kibriya-i wal azameti, Allah is the owner of Grandeur and Kibriya (Infinite Grandness). Wel kudreti, All-Powerful, whose qudrah (power) is complete. Allah’s qudrah (omnipotence) is All-Powerful over the worlds. Wel celali, owner of Jalal (Beauty)
The entirety of all azamat (infinite grandeur), and all jalalat (beauty), belongs to Allah. The entirety of all grandeur belongs to Allah. That is why there is no limit to the qudrah (power) of Allah. Allah is irresistible.
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Now, let us see what the hypocrites (munafiqun) said “alas” for. They said, “Is Mecca and Madinah not enough for Muhamad that he now wants Fars and Rum? It did not take long though. In the end Fars Empire was conquered by Muslims, and the Rum Empire that is Rome was conquered as well. The Muslims took control of Byzantium as well, and at that time Islam was spreading to the world rapidly. The spread of Islam meant the spread of justice, peace, and safety for the world. Spread of Islam means salvation for humanity.
Two Jews had performed zinā (unlawful sexual relation), and the judgement (hukm) of Torah was rajm (stoning). Therefore, our Master (asw) adjudged by Torah’s judgement (hukm) with regards to their case, but they refuse to abide by the judgement (hukm) of their own Book. Now, this is important.
Then again, in the Battle of the Trench, our Prophet divided people into groups of ten and ordered them to dig about forty arşin (one arşin is twenty-seven inches). Then, Muslims encountered a rock while digging the trench. Their crowbars broke, but the rock stayed intact. Salman al-Farsi, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain, informed our Master (asw) about the situation. Then, our Master (asw) visited the trench, and took Salman’s crowbar. The rock cracked the moment our Master (asw) hit it with the crowbar. Then, people recited takbir, and lightnings flashed, and with the second-strike sparks occurred. People recited takbir for victory, and with the third strike more sparks occurred, and then the rock broke into pieces. People recited takbir for victory again. Salman said, “I have seen things I have not seen until now,”. Sparks occurred when our Master (asw) hit the rock the first time, then the cities of Hîre and Kisra became luminous by lightning flashes. He said, “My ummah (nation) shall overcome these places.”. Subsequently, with the second hit, the lightning flashed over Rum Empire, and their red palaces became luminous. Moreover, with the third hit, the lightning flashed over Damascus and their palaces became luminous. He said, “My ummah (nation) shall be victorious upon these lands.”. Thus, he gave the glad tidings. The Prophets give the truest and most veracious news, for they convey what they have received from Allah.
[53:3] “wa-mā yanṭiqu ʿani l-hawā,” – Nor does he speak out of [his own] desire.”.
[53:4] “ʾin huwa ʾillā waḥyun yūḥā,” – “It is just a revelation that is revealed [to him].”
What they speak is by wahy (revelation). Wahy is the revelation that comes from Allah. Therefore, Al-Quran Al-Karim is wahy (revelation), for it came from Allah. Jibril (a.s.) conveyed the message. Look, the Book was brought by Jibril (a.s.). This message was brought by Jibril (a.s.). That said, many of the verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim were being brought by Jibril (a.s.). There were, of course, narrations about certain situations where our Prophet received wahy (revelation) without an intermediary such as miʿraj (the night journey).
Now, after receiving the news the believers (mu’minun) rejoiced, and the hypocrites (munafiqun) said, “Muhammad is selling you vain hopes and false promises,”. It was the hypocrites who said things like that.
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The hypocrites (munafiqun) resemble Muslims by the looks, but they always dig pits for them, and it is always them who fall into the pits they dig. The mindset of hypocrites is more dangerous than that of the infidels. Their mindset is more dangerous than that of the disbelievers (kāfirs). That said, the hypocrites (munafiqun) would say things like, “You are digging trenches out of fear,”. What they actually wanted to say was, “You fear, and you talk about conquering Kisra, Byzantium, and Rome.”. Allah is al-Qadir (All-Powerful) over everything. If Allah said something to the Prophet, that thing is bound to happen. This has always been the case so far.
The Fars Empire, which was the supreme state of the world at that time was annihilated by the armies of Umar. Later, the armies of Uthman, the armies of Ali, and the other Islamic armies saved the world from the imposers, tyrants, and polytheists (mushrikun). They enacted the movement of spreading peace and social justice, and then Islam spread all around the world. Islam spread to the world at speed of light. Muslims entered Tripoli, they were at the gates of Vienna, and they conquered Istanbul. Muslims entered Transoxiana, surpassed the Great Wall of China, and there are many other incidents.
The 12nd verse of Surah al-Azhab was revealed to the Prophet.
[33:12] “wa-ʾidh yaqūlu l-munāfiqūna wa-lladhīna fī qulūbihim maraḍun mā waʿadanā llāhu wa-rasūluhū ʾillā ghurūra.”.
“Wa-lladhīna fī qulūbihim maraḍun,” says Janâb-i Haqq. “When the hypocrites and those in whose heart there is sickness say, ‘Allah and the Messenger promised us nothing but deception,’.”. Those who say that try to hinder the spread of the religion (din), they seek to block the manifestation of justice, and Janâb-i Haqq says that they shall fail. Can one prevail over Allah? Can one prevail over the faithful armies of the Prophet, who is supported and protected by Allah?
Ibn Kathīr said that Israel had killed three hundred prophets at the first hours of the day. Beware! In a rivayat (narration) by Ibn Kathīr we hear that many prophets whose names we do not know were killed. Look! He said that they had killed three hundred prophets at the first hours of the day, and then by evening they had set up farmers market, and it is them who also killed Yahyā (John) and Zakariya (Zachariah). That said, it was them who wanted to crucify Isa (a.s.), and they wanted to kill Muhammad as well. They are with the polytheists (mushrikun), and the hypocrites (munafiqun).
There is a narration by Abu Ayyub-el Ansari (r.a.) that says that it is narrated by Ali ibn Abi Talip (r.a.) that our Master, Prophet Muhammad (asw), narrated the following. Fatiha-tul-Kitab, in other words, Fatihah Sharif, or rather Surah al-Fatihah, and Ayatul Kursi, and “shahida llāhu” or rather the 17th and 18th verses of Surah Ali Imran, and “quli llāhumma,” or rather the 26th and 27th verses of Surah Ali Imran. The narration says that while these verses were being sent down, they stuck to the ʿArsh (the Throne) of Allah (c.c.) and said, “Our Rabb (Lord)!” “Our Rabb (Lord)!”. “You are sending us down for those on earth whom are rebellious to You,” the verses said, and they were sticking to the ʿArsh (the Throne). Then, Allah Ta’ala said, “I promise that those who recite you after each namāz (prayer), I will render their place Janna (Paradise) regardless of their flaws. There is a narration that says Allah said this. This narration is narrated on the authority of Ali ibn Abi Talib, and Abu Ayyub-el Ansari.
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That said, another narration from Ibn-i Mas’ud says, “In Qiyamah the 18th verse of the 3rd verse will be brought and the real âlims, or Islamic scholars, will be sent to Janna (Paradise).” This is because this grand witnessing, mentioned in the verse, encompasses the angels and the real âlims as well. That is, by the side of the witnessing of Almighty Allah. So, after Janâb-i Haqq said that the place of who recite those verses will be made Janna (Paradise), Allah said, “I shall settle him/her in the holy attendance,”. Which meant that Allah will take him/her to Allah’s presence, and accommodate, and give him/her banquet.
“Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, hatta tu’fer, Allah Akbar hatta tu’fer, bi adedi zunubina hatta tu’fer.”
“I shall observe him/her seventy times a day, and fulfil his/her seventy kind of need,” and this is called a grace at the least. “I shall protect him/her from each enemy of the religion (din), and the evil of the jealous, and I shall forgive his/her sins,” Allah said.
These narrations are present in sources such as Al-Darimi, Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar, and Al-Tirmidhi.
Now, according to a narration from Said ibn Jubayr (r.a.) there were 360 idols in and around Madinah, and they all prostrated (sajdah) when this verse was revealed. That is, the 26th verse of Surah Ali Imran.
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– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 69
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
Now, there is a hadith-qudsi reported by Ebussuud Efendi (r.a.) that says Janâb-i Haqq said, “I, Allah who is Ajimushan, am the Ruler of the rulers.” Jalla jalaluhu. “The hearts and minds of the rulers are in My hand. If the servants (qul) obey Me, then I shall render them merciful, and if they revolt against Me, I shall make them a torment and punishment unto them. Therefore, do not waste your time cursing the rulers, but repent to Me and apply Me so that I may predispose them for you.”. “Kama takunun yawalaa ealaykum,” said our Prophet and it means, “The rulers who shall govern you will be your reflections,”.
This hadith is present in sources such as Al-Daylami, Musnad, Kashf-ul-Hafā. Imam Halil and Sibawayh were well-known grammarians. The word “’ttaqū” means “wariness”. Now, in order to protect yourself from the evil of hypocrisy, do not be attached to a disbeliever (kafir) from the bottom of your heart. Do not show them excessive love, and set a boundary and keep the formality. Calibrate your “tuqāti”, which means “wariness” in this context.
Back when there were some Muslims who had close friends who were Jewish, and some others would have sympathy to the polytheists (mushrikun), but the hypocrites were leaking secrets to the Jews. There were certain believers who wanted to take Jews into the ranks of army.
Then, these verses were revealed. There is a Turkish proverb that says you can’t get hide from pig and you can’t make friends out of kāfirs. This is a proverb but there are many verses in Al-Quran Al-Karim that are similar in meaning. Muslims are everyone’s friend, but not everyone is friendly to Muslims. For one thing, in order to become a friend to a Muslim, a person must not have nifaq, disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), and foremost tyranny (zulm). That said, he/she must have belief (iman), which Muslims have. He/she must have mercy, and they must be someone whose word is good. These are traits of Islam, and attributes of Muslims. Muslims are friendly towards all people, and Janâb-i Haqq explains who are friendly towards Muslims, and who are not. Now, we shall continue discovering these verses.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 70
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
[3:28] “lā yattakhidhi l-muʾminūna l-kāfirīna ʾawliyāʾa min dūni l-muʾminīna wa-man yafʿal dhālika fa-laysa mina llāhi fī shayʾin ʾillā ʾan tattaqū minhum tuqātan wa-yuḥadhdhirukumu llāhu nafsahū wa-ʾilā llāhi l-maṣīr.”
[3:29] “qul ʾin tukhfū mā fī ṣudūrikum ʾaw tubdūhu yaʿlamhu llāhu wa-yaʿlamu mā fī s-samāwāti wa-mā fī l-ʾarḍi wa-llāhu ʿalā kulli shayʾin qadīr.”
[3:30] “yawma tajidu kullu nafsin mā ʿamilat min khayrin muḥḍaran wa-mā ʿamilat min sūʾin tawaddu law ʾanna baynahā wa-baynahū ʾamadan baʿīdan wa-yuḥadhdhirukumu llāhu nafsahū wa-llāhu raʾūfun bi-l-ʿibād.”
[3:28] “The believers may not take the kāfirs as friends instead of the believers, and whoever does that will have cut the relation with Allah, but it is different if you do that to protect yourself from them. Therewithal, Allah warns you to be wary of Allah, and the final return is to Allah.”
[3:29] “Say, whether you conceal what is under your breast, or you disclose it, Allah knows it. Allah knows all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. Indeed, Allah is al-Qadir (All-Powerful) over everything.”
[3:30] “On that Day, every nafs (self) will find before him the good it has gone and whatever evil it has done presented. It will wish there was a great distance between it and the evil deeds it has wrought. Allah commands you to fear Allah. Indeed, Allah (c.c.) is much compassionate to servants (qul).”
O, Muslim! Subject to the command of Allah so that Allah may protect you. Allah’s commands are laws that give protection. Do you think you will get that by revolting? You may choose to not drink from the divine fountain (of mercy), but do not expect or assume that you will be protected if you choose to drink from the fountain from which polytheism (shirk) pours.
The foundation of life is of divine, and the life that pours from Quran is an eternal life. This is the life-giving and eternal water. It is the remedy and cure for life itself. Thus, you should drink solely from the seas of Quran, and by that you shall attain safety and salamat forever and ever, and you shall attain the real life. This is the real life in the world. So, what does Janâb-i Haqq say? Do you want your return to be to Allah? Look, Quran tells you how you can go, and who will lead the way. Al-Quran Al-Karim tells you what you ought to do.
[3:31] “qul ʾin kuntum tuḥibbūna llāha fa-ttabiʿūnī yuḥbibkumu llāhu wa-yaghfir lakum dhunūbakum wa-llāhu ghafūrun raḥīm.”
[3:32] “qul ʾaṭīʿū llāha wa-r-rasūla fa-ʾin tawallaw fa-ʾinna llāha lā yuḥibbu l-kāfirīn.”
What does Janâb-i Haqq say in this verse? Allah says, “O, My Habib, Muhammad Mustafa (asw). Say, ‘If you truly love Allah Ta’ala, then subject to me and follow me.” Now, to whom he said that? He said that to all people. “Allah will love you and forgive you your faults and sins, for Allah is Oft-Forgiving and Most-Merciful.” That is how Janâb-i Haqq wanted Muhammad to reply.
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O, Habibi Kibriya of Mine! Muhammad Mustafa of Mine! Say the following. Alaihissalatu wassalam.
[3:32] “Say, ‘Obey Allah and the Messenger.’ But if they turn away, indeed Allah does not love kāfirs.” This is what Allah wanted Muhammad to say to the humanity.
My dearest friends!
One has to speak the truth in order to be true friend. Quran speaks the truth. It is imperative to be in an endeavour to narrate Al-Quran Al-Karim straightforwardly.
[3:33] “ʾinna llāha ṣṭafā ʾādama wa-nūḥan wa-ʾāla ʾibrāhīma wa-ʾāla ʿimrāna ʿalā l-ʿālamīn.”
[3:34] “dhurriyyatan baʿḍuhā min baʿḍin wa-llāhu samīʿun ʿalīm.”
[3:33] “Indeed, Allah (c.c.) rendered Adam, Nūh (Noah), and the progeny of Ibrahim (Abraham) and the progeny of Imran chosen over ‚Alamin (all the worlds).”
Please pay close attention to this verse.
[3:33] “Indeed, Allah (c.c.) rendered Adam, Nūh (Noah), and the progeny of Ibrahim (Abraham) and the progeny of Imran chosen over ‚Alamin (all the worlds).”
[3:34] “They are descendants of one another.”
The entire humanity came from the progeny of Adam, as his offspring.
[3:34] “Allah is All-Seeing and All-Knowing.”
My dearest friend! O, most revered friends! The Creator is One, that is Allah. We have a single father, who is Adam, and Hawwa is our mother. You see, there are those from the progeny of Adam, Nūh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), and Imran, but in the end, they are all Children of Adam. We are all the same, you are amongst us, and we are amongst you, and we have no differences whatsoever, and there is no separation. So, where is the difference? The difference is in knowing Allah or unknowing Allah, submitting to the command of Allah or not, and whether or not you acknowledge the laws of Allah or not. The difference is here for there is belief (iman) and then there is disbelief (kufr), but these two are completely different concepts. They can neither stand together, nor come together, nor get on well with one another. If disbelief (kufr) is beaten, then belief (iman) is victorious. If the abode of disbelief (kufr) is Jahannam, then the abode of belief (iman) is Janna. They cannot be together, and this is where people differ, which was done by people themselves. They have earned this difference themselves. Belief (iman) was in our essence, and there was no disbelief (kufr) therein. Then, people earned disbelief (kufr) themselves, they fabricated it. People fabricated polytheism (shirk), disbelief (kufr), and tyranny (zulm) themselves, then deviated to the wrong. What was essential at the beginning was belief (iman) and mercy (rahmat). Yet people wanted and earned punishment themselves, for the punishments came into existence once people earned the crime. Had they not revolted against Allah then disbelief (kufr) would not have existed. And there would only be Janna (Paradise).
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 70
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
Now, our dearest listeners, we will go into deep explanation, exegesis, tafsir and taʾwīl (interpretation) of the verses that we have given the core meanings of in the previous lectures.
Islam bids sincerity, justice, jurisprudence, perseverance, sobriety, mercy, and aid, which are necessities of belief (iman). Now, let us have a look into the amr commands (mandatory provisions) of Islam, the following come foremost. Ikhsan, or sincerity should be present at all times, for Islam bids sincerity and goodness. That is, you should perform worship (ibādāt) as if you are seeing Allah, by standing in silence, provided that you have propriety and deep respect. Allah commands justice by Islam. Allah’s decrees (hukm) are a complete justice. As for law, the religion (din) of Islam bids complete law. It encompasses individual, social, and public laws. The rights of Allah and the rights of the servant (qul), and all rights have been guaranteed. Islam commands perseverance. What shall you do in the way of Allah? You shall show perseverance, and you shall never take a step back from the way of Allah. You shall continue your journey with a complete courage and perseverance. That is, until you come before the presence of Allah with your belief (iman). Islam commands a complete sobriety. There is no slickness, contortion, or distortion in Islam. Deception, falsehoods, and characterlessness are invalid in Islam. Islam grants a complete developed personality, which is approved by Islam, and it is the character Allah wants. For example, Prophet Muhammad (asw). Islam is a complete mercy, and bids being merciful. Islam is a complete mercy unto the creation, and it is merciful to all creatures. However, mercy becomes justice where it is necessary. It is important to note that you cannot establish mercy by ignoring justice. That said, Islam bids being helpful and charitable. You see, Islam incorporates all beauties and holy values, and it bids all good traits, and forbids from all evil. Islam bids what is beneficial, and forbids what is harmful. Becoming completely absorbed by the friendship of kāfirs is not something a Muslim would do. A Muslim cannot get carried away by the friendship of kāfirs. This is against the principles of belief, and iman. You cannot make compromises from your religion for kāfirs, even if they donated you all the wealth in the world, bear this in mind. You cannot make compromises from your religion (din). That said, you cannot wish any harm upon a Muslim. Being unwary, being deceived, and having a lack of knowledge and experience will slowly lead you towards becoming similar to the kāfirs, which will ward of the divine aid.
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As you get closer to a kafir, you will move away more from Allah, and Muslims. [3:28] “fa-laysa mina llāhi fī shayʾin,” – “and whoever does that will have cut the relation with Allah.” Bear this in mind! International trade, and affairs where there are boundaries are exceptions, as well as intercultural interactions, but friendship of a matter of heart, belief, and iman and because kāfirs are devoid of those, even if you work for the benefit of the entire world, it will not change the fact that disbelief (kufr) is the antonym of belief (iman), and it will always oppose belief (iman).
That is why Allah says, “If they do this,” or “If they leave Muslims and take ahlul kufr (disbelievers) and ahlul shirk (polytheists) as friends, then they would have cut their relation with Allah.”.
You should never become close friends with kāfirs, and set up some boundaries. You may get along very well with all people without transgressing Islamic rules, this is something else, but abstain from close friendship. Look, if there are no boundaries, and you are hitting it off with kāfirs, then a danger will extend over all around that relationship. If you fear from their evil, or imprisoned by them, you may act friendly. However, that should not be from the heart, this is what we call taqiyya (hypocrisy). Your heart must curse them, but you have to handle the dissolute person in front of you. That is, when you are obliged to do that, so if you are tormented, or they doing bad things to you, in those situations you may practice taqiyya (hypocrisy) and conceal your madhab and belief. That is mandatory, and requisite in those situations on the condition that your inner world did not change.
That is, you need to protect yourself against harm. So, when should you protect yourself? That is when there is a great danger you cannot avoid, in that case, in order to protect yourself from their evil and the harm they may inflict, while standing in a tough situation, you may practice hypocrisy, in these cases it is okay to do this kind of thing.
In that situation, you may practice taqiyya – hypocrisy by taking control of your heart. The permit is given because it is requisite. Museylemetul Kezzap was a false prophet. Muselemetul Kezzap had captured two Muslims. He had asked one of them, “Will you witness the prophethood of Muhammad?” The Muslim replied, “Yes,”.
He had said, “yes” three times.
Then he asked, “Will you witness my prophethood as well?”.
He said, “Yes,”.
He had let go of him.
Then, he had called the other, and asked about whether he will witness the prophethood of Muhammad.
He said, “Yes,”.
Then he asked, “Will you witness that I am a rasul (messenger)?”.
He said, “I am now a mute,”.
He killed him.
Thereafter the news had reached Prophet Muhammad. He said “The one who got killed was faithful and sincere, may his martyrdom be blessed. He drank the drink of martyrdom.”. “He has embraced virtue (fazilat) and steadfastness,” he said. As for the other man, he had said that he had used a ruhsat (permit) and there is nothing wrong with it. He had protected his inner world, and used a ruhsat (permit) in the face of danger of death by shielding his belief (iman), and it is permissible to practice hypocrisy in such an event.
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[16:106] “ʾillā man ʾukriha wa-qalbuhū muṭmaʾinnun bi-l-ʾīmāni.” The last quote is from the 106th verse of Surah al-Nahl. Allah says: “Barring someone who is compelled while his heart is at rest in faith.”.
Taqiyya (hypocrisy) in such a case is for protecting your life, chastity, or property from the enemy, and it is for shielding yourself from their evil and the harms they may inflict upon you. But you must not tell what they want to hear from the heart, but tell it just by your tongue, and look friendly to them, but curse them from within. This matter is discoursed by Razi and Alusi, and if you apply to fiqh (jurisprudence) you will find extensive information regarding the topic.
The real wariness should be reserved for protecting yourself from the punishment of Allah. When you die as a kafir, or when you die as a polytheist, or a hypocrite, a rebel, a bâgī, a tâğî, a fājir (sinner by action), or a fasiq (venial sinner), how will you be able to protect yourself from the punishment of Allah? The real protection is protecting yourself from the afore situation. Let’s say you feared an unbeliever, and you started looking like them, or you became an unbeliever. So, you have clearly protected yourself from the unbelievers when you became a kafir, but how will you protect yourself from the endless punishment of Allah? That is not possible. There is no permission ever for becoming a kafir. You ought to life with belief (iman), and die with belief (iman). Iman, or belief, was created in the name of Islam, for all people and all jinn. That is why the real protection is protecting yourself from the punishment of Allah.
You should not be submissive and compensative in the face of tyrants, but be protective. This is important. Being submissive, compensative, and protective are different categories. Besides, submissive and compensative people cannot be protective, and they will not be able to protect their iman. They most certainly can’t protect their iman. As for protective people, they are firmly bound to Allah. They know how to use the virtue and the ruhsat (permits) of the sharīʿah (law) of Islam properly.
So, one should only fear from Allah, and being protective does not mean being scared. Being protective and taking measures are valid concepts in Islam. This is not with regards to being scared, for Muslims only fear Allah. They are protective against the danger and the unbelievers, and they take measures too.
Now, “making agreement with a non-Muslim state for the detriment of Muslims.”. This is important, please pay attention. It is never permissible (jaiz) to make an agreement with a non-Muslim state for the detriment of Muslims. Who are you to make an agreement for the detriment of Muslims?
Now, the following quote is from the 18th verse of Surah al-Maidah: “wa-qālati l-yahūdu wa-n-naṣārā naḥnu ʾabnāʾu llāhi wa-ʾaḥibbāʾuhū,” the verse continues.
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“The Jews would say, ‘We are Allah’s children and Allah’s beloved ones.’.” You see, both the Jews and the Christians. What do they say? They say, “We are Allah’s children and Allah’s beloved ones.”
Those who worship others and adopt other friends to get closer to Allah by the intercession of those things say they worship idols so that they may get them closer to Allah. That is what the polytheists (mushrikun) would say. As for the Christians, they would say they are considering Isa a deity (a god) for their love of Allah. That is what the Christians of Najran were saying. The Christians of Najran were people who have ruined themselves completely. They are in batil (wrong) and dalalet (aberration).
Love is people’s inclination towards that which their soul felt holiness and beauty. So, what is love? Love is people’s inclination towards that which their soul felt holiness and beauty. You see, real love is reserved only for Allah. Is there anyone holy besides Allah? Thus, real love is nothing but love of Allah. Then, you will love those whom are liked by Allah, and disliked those whom are disliked by Allah. The human soul feels there is beauty and holiness with someone, and inclines towards it, this is what we call love. This is the eye of the heart, and the essence of life, and a burning fire of love inside the heart, and it is enthusiasm and muhabbat. It is the desire to see jamal (beauty) of Allah. It is to attain the riza (approval) of Allah, and see the jamal (beauty) of Allah. It is sorrow, longing, and a boiling boiler that brims over with love in the heart, and it is the eye of the heart and the essence of life. Do not forget that it is the ultimate desire to attain the riza (approval) of Allah, and see he jamal (beauty) of Allah.
Ibn Kathīr reported that Muhammad said, “Those who do not follow the sharīʿah (law) are lying if they say they love Allah.” Now, to whom did the prophet say this? Ibn Kathīr reported that Muhammad said, “Those who do not follow the sharīʿah (law) are lying and they are a fraud if they say they love Allah.”
Now, let us go back to muhabbat, enthusiasm, love, love of Allah, attainment of the riza (approval), and protection from incurring wrath, and loving everything in the name of Allah. Those who say they will not listen to commands, and refuse to like what Allah likes, who refuse to walk the way of tawhid (monotheism), means that you will never love anyone but you, which makes you devoid of rahmat (mercy), for example most hypocrites (munafiqun) are like this. The hypocrite (munafiq) may only worship his/her own nafs (self). However, polytheists, hypocrites, those who are conceited, arrogant, and kafir are all people who stood against the laws of the Real (al-Haqq), and the laws set by the Real (al-Haqq) have this danger for they objected to the laws and commands of the Real (al-Haqq).
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There are rivayat (narrations) that say Iblis used to perform worship beyond measure when he was amongst angels. Yet when Janâb-i Haqq had put him to test, he disclosed that he did not obey Allah, and that he did not worship Allah, and that rather he worshipped himself. This was manifested as the caliphate (successorship) was created, when Adam was created. You see, at that time the angels were put to test, and they all prostrated before Adam, fulfilling the command of Allah, but Iblis did prostrate, and objected to the commandment, and objected to the caliphate (successorship). Even though the order to prostrate was given by Allah, he opposed. [2:34] “ʾabā wa-stakbara wa-kāna mina l-kāfirīn.” “He refused, acted arrogantly, and he was one of the kāfirs.”
Had he believed in Allah, and performed worship (ibādāt), he would have fulfilled the order with pleasure. Bear that in mind! Love. Having love of Allah, and attaining the riza (approval) of Allah, and protecting yourself from the wrath of Allah. Love as a concept is nothing other than love of Allah. That is the reason those who will not listen to the commandments, saying they will not like what Allah likes, saying they will not walk the tawhid (monotheistic) path, are saying something but what is it? What they mean is that they will not love anyone other than themselves, which makes them devoid of rahmat (mercy), and it is said that majority of the hypocrites (munafiqun) are like that. Accepting an envoy is an act of recognizing the state that had sent it. Bear that in mind! Accepting an envoy is an act of recognizing the state that had sent it. Prophet Muhammad is the envoy, the rasul (messenger), and the nabi (prophet) sent by Allah. It was Allah who sent Prophet Muhammad. So, what does it mean when you say you do not acknowledge Muhammad? It means that you do not acknowledge who sent him, for he is an envoy of Allah.
Now, let’s say a state sent an envoy to another state, and the latter state rejected the envoy. So, in that context did they reject the envoy, or the state that sent him? Get your mind together! Denying Muhammad is denying Allah; denying Quran is denying Allah. So, if an Islamic scholar (âlim) is narrating Quran, and he is talking about Quran, then rejecting that âlim is rejecting the Quran that he is narrating, and rejecting Quran is rejecting Allah, so bear these in mind. The real âlims are heirs of the prophets. You need to say, “I accept what is right and real (haqq) no matter where it is,” and you should also be able to reject wrong things by saying, “I reject wrongs no matter to whom they belong,”.
That is why denying an envoy means denying the state that sent him. You see, not acknowledging Prophet Muhammad equals disbelief (kufr) and disrespect. That is straight-up disbelief (kufr). So, what is disbelief (kufr)? Who has disbelief (kufr)? It is found in kāfirs. A rivayat by Muslim says, “Allah (c.c.) will make the servant (qul) whom Allah likes liked by those in the heavens and those in the earth.” This is what Prophet Muhammad said in a hadith-i sharif reported by Muslim.
That is why the Jews do not accept Isa or Muhammad. As for the Christians, they segregate one of them.
Janâb-i Haqq says: [2:285] “lā nufarriqu bayna ʾaḥadin min rusul,” – “We make no distinction between any of the prophets.”.
There is no distinction between any of the prophets. We do not make distinction between the prophets.
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Now, as their disbelief (kufr) is to such an extent, the disbelief (kufr) of the polytheists (mushrikun) are beyond measure, and that of unbelievers is infinite. The Christians say, “Allah died in Isa,”. Never! This is wrong, batil, and kufr. As for Prophet Muhammad, he faded away in the Oneness of Allah. He said, [3:20] “ʾaslamtu wajhiya li-llāhi – I have submitted my will to Allah.”. He had acknowledged the Oneness of Allah with every fibre of his being. He said that he has submitted his essence to Allah. In the tashahhud it is said, “abduhū wa-rasūluh”.
That is, in tashahhud it is said that Muhammad is a servant (qul) and a prophet of Allah. It is said in the 78th and 79th verses of Surah al-Nisa that no matter where you are death will find you, and the good and the evil are created by Allah. You acquire (kasb), and people do not seem to get this. You may acquire or earn things, and Allah will create them, people do not get this. Bear this in mind! The good and evil are created by Allah. You acquire (kasb), and people do not seem to understand this reality.
The ifrat and tafrit of the Jews and Christians were cancelled. That is, the Jews and Christians have ifrat and tafrit. Islam has nullified them, and placed the truth. Then again, in the 79th verse of Surah al-Nisa, it is said that good things are from Allah Ta’ala (c.c.), and bad things are from your self (nafs).
[4:79] “wa-mā ʾaṣābaka min sayyiʾatin fa-min nafsika,” says Allah. “Whatever ill befalls you is from yourself, and all good things are favours of Allah. They are from Allah. Istıfâ…
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