Turkish English Fikhi Ekber Lesson 28

Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar – Lesson 28


Euzübillahimineşşeytânîrracîm, Bismillahirrahmanirrahim Rabbi euzûbike min’hemezatişşeyâtîyn ve euzûbike Rabbi enyehdûrun. Elhamdülillahi Rabb’il âlemin Vessâletü vessalâmû âlâ Rasulûna Muhammedin ve âlâ âlihi ve sahbihî ecmaîn. Nestağfirullah bi adedi zünübina hatta tufer. Allahu Ekber hatta tufer.


Most valuable and venerable friends, our discovery notes from Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar continues. The imān (faith) of   an impersonator is valid. However, it is only authentic to imitate the truth that is manifested by the real usul erbabı.


The imān (faith) of an impersonator is valid. This is another one of the things that build the basics. However, they said the impersonator is a sinner if he don’t find evidence. Now, the impersonator has believed but if he is not trying to find evidence, or study the present evidence, they said that he is a sinner in that aspect. Now, Imam al-Ash’ari says that the imitator has to know the subjects that are to be believed via intellect. Furthermore, according to the Mu’tazila, one can’t be a believer unless he knows every subject through the agency of intellect in a way that it makes the second thoughts repulse. That is the opinion of the Mu’tazila.


Friends, the Ash’ari also said, “The condition for the imān (faith) to be valid is to know each and every one of the subjects that belong to the essentials through intellectual evidence, and by heart,” they said. One should know every one of them through the heart. So, he says, “each and every one of them.”  The Ash’ari said that the believer who does not know these subjects from the heart is not an absolute believer, but he is not a disbeliever either.


So, friends, they also said that the imitator is a sinner against Allah for he abandoned having his own opinions and inference. Regarding the above remark, the public said that it is suitable, only if what is referred is the perfection of imān (faith), and the condition of its soundness. They said, this matter suits the opinion of the public; only if what is referred by the remark is the perfection of imān (faith), and the condition of its soundness. We also see our valuable ālims uttering the following remarks: “It is not a requirement for a believer to know every one of the subjects through intellectual evidence. However, if a believer recognizes Allah through reasoning  from the miracls, and after that he rests his creed upon the tradition of Prophet Muhammad, then this person is devoted in his own opinions, and his creed is correct. This much is enough, they said. In addition, it is still necessary to consult to an usub erbabı to discover that much.


(Dakika: 5:01)


He has to act with an authentic scholar. Besides, imān (faith) consists of acknowledging which is ordered. It is also necessary to know what you are acknowledging. There have been ālims who said, he gains that thawāb (reward) which is promised to him when he acknowledges with or with out presenting evidence. Friends, they said that he gains that thawāb (reward) which is promised to him when he acknowledges with or with out presenting evidence. Furthermore, they asked Al-Imam Al-Azam Abu Hanifa (rahmtuallahi alayh), “What is the situation of those who say the believers will also enter the Fire?” to those people he replied, “All believers will enter the Fire.” When they asked, “Then what will happen to the deniers?” he replied, “That time they will also believe.” However, this remark does not suggest that their faith shall bring benefit to them. In other words, at that time imān (faith) of the deniers will be useless. For they have believed after everything is done. It was also mentioned like this in Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar. So, the imān (faith) that sharia orders consists of believing in the unseen. The desired result occurs if he reaches the intended purpose via acknowledgement.

The Prophet (sallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) had considered the one whom believed in him and affirmed the provisions that he brought from Allah a believer. Friends, it is also necessary to pay attention to the afore remarks of Al-Imam Al-Azam. Everyone will pass over the As-Sirāt bridge, and stop by the Fire, but there will be ones who will stay in the Fire [for a time], and there will be people who go straight to Paradise. The situation there is bound to the state of the believer and the decree, kindness, justice, and the divine will of Allah. When a person has not received invitation of the Prophet, ad a Muslims sees him and invites him to the religion, and he immediately acknowledges the religion without thinking and hesistating even for a second, it means that he is an imitator about which the Ash’arites have a debate. There are citizens who were born and raised amid the Muslims saying that there is need and necessity for guidance. They are the rational people who can see what is what is not like that. In other words, that remark was said for the uneducated and uncultured people; the ones who has not heard the truths, has not learned them, and stayed away from scholarly teachings and knowledge. These people were mentioned in that remark. Friends, there is a necessity for opinion and deduction. This is the debate between us and the Mu’tazila. In the end when an Arab who stayed far from education and culture and similar environments was asked, “How did you recognize Allah?” he replied as follows. Look, this is the document of the value and existence of intellect in humans. Look, a desert Arab who had no education says: “The footprints of the camel,” he says, “When a camel passes, its footprinks signifies that something had passed by, so, won’t these high-spaces, this universe, these lands, the heavens, and these centers signify to the existence of a creator?”


(Dakika: 10:27)


So, this man had no education nor culture. For everyone has intellectual capacity. He uses that in the way of the truth if he is not a kid or an insane person. The intellect is given to the humans as the greatest favour and bounty.


Friends, however, when an imitator hangs his faith on the neck of the inviter like a necklace and says, “If that religion is true, then it is true, however, if it is false, then the sin belongs to him,” and he has an opinion that corresponds to that, by consensus this kind of imitator is not a believer, and his imān (faith) is not acceptable. For he did not believe certainly, he used “if”. In other words, he welcomed it with second thoughts when he said, “If what you’re telling is true.” For the imān (faith) of the one who has doubts in his faith can’t be real imān (faith). So, the imitator must have absolute faith, too. He can’t have second thoughts. The imitation should the imitation of the truth. Otherwise, the idolaters are imitating each other, too. The ones in the wrong path are also imitating each other. None of them are valid. They have no chance of salvation. However, the imān (faith) of the ones who imitate the Islamic faith, its essentials, and essence is acceptable. That is when they have certainly believed. To know it all with their evidence is a farḍ al-‚ayn (obligation on the individual). Therefore, it is a religious duty to have information by studying the evidence.


The imitation is not permissible (jaiz) when there is clear evidence. This is the preferred opinion of al-Razi and al-Amidi. Friends, people should always believe according to the true evidence when the evidence is clear. If one is listening to this, he should imitate the true knowledge of a person who knows the truth, in other words, he should imitate what is right and true. That is under the condition of believing certainly. It is a must to remove second thoughts. And it is farḍ al-kifāya (duty of the community) to show the way to the ones whom wants it. Imam Al-Bayhaqi says that Imam al-Shafi’i and other ālims had forbidden the science of kalam to the ones who are weak in knowledge and deductive ability due to their compassion and affection for them. For the weak individuals may deviate without achieving their goals. In other words, the things people will not be able to comprehend should not be said to them. In this day one should not try to feed kabab to a newborn baby. Everyone should be given the information they can understand.

And those who are unable to understand should endeavor to learn from a real scholarly person. Moreover, a community had also found it makruh (disliked) to be busy with the science of kalam. For that reason we should keep gradually giving education to people in a way that they would understand.


(Dakika: 15:01)


And the one who don’t know should also keep learning himself. It would be makruh (disliked) if science of kalam is practice via conflict and debate. Now, it causes for the bid’ah (evil innovations) to spread and stirs up the firm faiths. For the real akidah ālims (scholars) in Islam have always worked towards finding the truest. Through understanding the Qur’an and the Sunna very well, and relying on Al-Qur’an Al-Karim, the Sunna, and the primary evidence, the ālims of kalam have worked towards finding the truest. Otherwise, they were not like the kalamists of the philosophers and the ahlul bid’ah (evil innovators). It is necessary to not to confuse those who follow the way of false philosophies and the real kalamists. It is necessary to not to confuse the deviant kalamist and the kalamists of Ahl al-Sunna.


Now, Hammād, son of Al-Imam Al-Azam was forbidden from the science of kalam by his father. Now, he said, “My son, I see that you are debating in the matters of kalam.” Al-Imam Al-Azam said that to his son Hammād (rahmatullahi alayhim ajmain). To that Al-Imam Al-Azam replied as follows. So, Hammād said, “Father, I know that you are also busy with the science of kalam.” Let’s see how AL-Imam Al-Azam replied. That grand imam said, “We used to act carefully due to fear of disrupting the faiths of our friends while debating, as if we had a bird upon our heads and we tried not to frighten it away. Whereas you want your friends faith’s to be disrupted, and you want to cut the ground from underneath their feet while debating.” In other words, you are trying to overcome the others. You are not careful about if their imān becomes ruined or not. If you want your friend to lose his footing, in order to supersede him, you want him to be an unbeliever, and you have given rise to his deviation to his blasphemy. It is blasphemy to want your friend to be a disbeliever.” They are making matters worse than the illness. They are making themselves ill, and making others worse than ill while trying to be helpful. So, real ālims, true ālims do not ever use remarks that will make the other person deviate. Look, Al-Imām Al-Azam says, ‘Act carefully, as if you have a bird on your head and you don’t want to scare it.” He says, “We used to talk in a way that no one would fall into blasphemy or loose their footing,” o his son Hammād. “The benefit of the science of kalam is to rise from the rank of impersonator to the rank of yaqeen (certainty).” In other words, the aim of kalam is to save the imān (faith) of the person from impersonation, and make it reach to yaqeen (certainty) and ilm-ul-yaqeen (the knowledge of certainty). The real Ahl al-Sunna kalamists in Islam had worked for it, and they are still working towards it. The other deviated kalamists and philosophers, you should never confuse them with the kalam ālims (scholars) of Islam. Some sharp minded (!) people have given books to the children, and they are tirading against the kalamists.


(Dakika: 20:01)


They also do not know who the true kalamist is. They are trying to pour gasoline on their own houses and set it on fire, they are shelling their own armies, and they do not even know. These are the flock of ignorants. It is necessary to save them. Kelâmcı mı? Tamam atıp üfürüyor adam. He does not know which kalamist is that. He does not know how profound the knowledge of that kalamist is and how familiar is he with Hadith-i Sharifs and the verses of the Qur’an. Then the fixed mindset that defames them took a single hadith in their hands, and they are neglecting the other Hadith-i Sharifs. Today, one can neither be a successor nor a predecessor by neglecting the verses. He can only oppose to the truths. The imān (faith) of the onw who opposes the truths is also in danger. So, you should bear that in mind. I am telling these to myself but you are with me and I am with you. So, I am also telling you, for I have to.


Friends, “The benefit of the science of kalam,” it is “to rescue from imitating, and making them reach yaqeen (certainty).” That is making the person reach to real and true knowledge and scholarly evidence, in other words, ilm-ul-yaqeen (the knowledge of certainty), therefore saving his imān (faith) from imitating. The people who have knowledge do scholarly studies in order to save the imān (faith) of the humanity. For that reason, Al-Imam Al-Azam had manifested his Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar. May Almighty Lord have mercy on his soul. We have mentioned that while conveying to you the entirety of the discovery notes of Al-Quran Al-Karim in our previous lectures. Besides, we are giving here the essentials and the discovery notes of Al-Imam Al-Azam’s Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar in summary. So, everybody should know how important is the matter of imān (faith) really is. “Allah will raise those, in ranks, who have believed and are given knowledge.” – “yarfaʿi llāhu lladhīna ʾāmanū minkum wa-lladhīna ʾūtū l-ʿilma darajātin,” commanded our Almighty Lord, Allah (jalla jalaluhu) wa Taqaddas. This verse of the Qur’an is the 11th verse of Surah al-Mujadila. Now, it seems that if the imitator imitates the original and true knowledge of a usul erbabı, then the imān (faith) of that imitator is valid. However, it is required to put in some effort in order to reach ilm-ul-yaqeen (the knowledge of certainty), or rise from imitating to making investigations.


Magic, and evil-eye are facts. Friends, is there such thing as magic and evil-eye? Yes, there is. So, are they facts? Yes, they are facts. May Allah protect all of our believer friends from evil-eye and magic alike. The magic and evil-eye are real things. However, the Mu’tazila, again, opposes to that. Look, let’s see what is reported from our Beloved Prophet in a hadith from Bukhari Sharif: “The influence of an evil eye is a fact,” he says. That was reported from Imam al-Ahmad, al-Bukhari, al-Muslim, Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah, and Abu Hurairah. There are also reports saying something similar to this, “Evil eye can send a person to grave; and can make a camel enter a pot.” There is also this, “Indeed there is magic” – “inne sihra Hakkun”.


(Dakika: 25:12),


Friends, you can also look for the 102nd verse of Surah al-Baqarah in which our Almighty Lord said the following about magic in Al-Qur’an Al-Karim: “They followed what the devils used to recite in the reign of Sulaimān (Solomon); and it was not Sulaimān who became an infidel, but the devils did become infidels, teaching people magic, and what had been sent down to the two angels, Hārūt and Mārūt, in Babylon.” – “wa-ttabaʿū mā tatlū sh-shayāṭīnu ʿalā mulki sulaymāna wa-mā kafara sulaymānu wa-lākinna sh-shayāṭīna kafarū yuʿallimūna n-nāsa s-siḥra wa-mā ʾunzila ʿalā l-malakayni bi-bābila hārūta wa-mārūta wa-mā yuʿallimāni min ʾaḥadin ḥattā yaqūlā ʾinnamā naḥnu fitnatun fa-lā takfur”. Friends, what did Almighty Lord say about situation of those who attend to magic. Almighty Lord says that they are disbelievers. Sulaimān did not become a blasphemer by practising magic, but the devils did for they were teaching magic to people. They were teaching people the things that were sent down to two angels in Babylon named Hārūt and Mārūt. “[I seek protection of Allah] from the evil of the witches who blow on knots.” Look in the 4th verse of Surah al-Falaq, Almighty Lord says: “wa-min sharri n-naffāthāti fī l-ʿuqad” – “[I seek protection of Allah] from the evil of the witches who blow on knots.” So, we are living under the protection of Allah. O, friends, neither a magician, nor a sorcerer, nor a fortune-teller may save you. Your imān (faith) will be in danger when you go to them. For there won’t be imān (faith) in the one who affirms the lie of a lier. You should never go to the magicians, fortune-tellers, predictors, oracles, or astrologers. You see that the ones who said, “the depressed clings to the snake,” had lost their footing. The one who is depressed clings to Allah, and he hangs on to Allah always. You should hang on to Allah when you are well. You should also hang on to Allah, and Islam if a situation arises that will make you depressed. You should not search for the cure in fortune-tellers, sorcerers, and magicians. You may ruin yourself. They will make you even worse. For they have practiced magic, therefore became disbelievers. “They were teaching magic so they became blasphemers,” the Lord says. Don’t you see? Allah Ta’ala is telling these to you. Furthermore, let’s see what Almighty Lord said in the continuation of the verse, “But they were not to bring harm through it to anyone without the will of Allah.” You should repent and ask for forgiveness from Allah for your sins. You should enter the protection of Allah. You should surrender to Allah. What will they do to you if you cling to the snakes, the devils, the sorcerers by saying that you were depressed? They will hurtle you, making you even worse. You should not fall into that situation. May Allah shield us all. “He [Musa Alaihissalam] said, ‘Rather you throw down first.’.” (66th verse of Surah Ta Ha). The magicians then utilized their magic. They had a variety of magic types many of which are tricks, painting a false picture.


(Dakika: 30:02)


“And suddenly their ropes and staffs seemed to him from their magic that they were moving [like snakes].” These are theatrical magics. Islam will eternally protect you from all kinds of sorcery. Islam protects you from everything. The magicians may come to you and be cured. They are the truly ill. For the situation of those who practice magic and who acknowledge that the results of that magic arises from themselves are in severe danger. That only arises from Allah Ta’ala. Those who practice magic, or make some others practice it are commiting murder. Abū Mansūr al-Māturīdī said that it is mistake to say it is absolutely blasphemy to practice magic. He says that if denying the essential things in the fundamentals of faith is required in the magic, then it is blasphemy, and who practices it becomes a blasphemer. He may also become a fasiq (venial sinner) who runs for malice in this world. However, that differs from magic to magic. Moreover, the sorcerers are severely punished in order to be sure. The males are severely punished if the magic that is practiced requires disbelief. However, the punishment for women is unlike men, it is lighter, even if she abandons the religion. Moreover, what disappeared is not the thing that stays outside. Bir de yok olan şey, dışarıda duran bir şey değildir. For that reason, “Has there been for man a period of time when he was not anything worthy of mention?” – “hal ʾatā ʿalā l-ʾinsāni ḥīnun mina d-dahri lam yakun shayʾan madhkūra,” this is the 1st verse of Surah al-Insan. Friends, the word “thing” is necessarily interpreted as “what is existent.” “Thing” is what is known, and what is authentic to give tidings from. Some ālims chose “thing” as name for “matter”. Now, in these matters also, we seek refuge in Allah from the enthrallment of magic, and its harms. And we seek protection from Allah from evil-eye. And Islam is the medicine, welfare, and health for these. The magic does not touch to people who recite Al-Qur’an Al-Karim, and who live Islam, through Allah’s permission and kindness and generosity. How can one abandon hope from the mercy of Allah? That is blasphemy. One can’t abandone hope from the mercy of Allah. Furthermore, one can’t be sure from the punishment of Allah Ta’ala either. “Indeed, no one despairs of relief from Allah except the disbelieving people,” – “ʾinnahū lā yayʾasu min rawḥi llāhi ʾillā l-qawmu l-kāfirūn,” this is from the 87th verse of Surah Yusuf. So, it is also blasphemy to be sure from the punishment of Allah. Look, you should not abandon hope from his mercy, but do not be sure of his punishment, too. If you become sure of his punishment that also is blasphemy. “No one feels secure from Allah’s devising except the people who are ‘khāsirūn’ – ‘losers’,” says the Lord. – “fa-lā yaʾmanu makra llāhi ʾillā l-qawmu l-khāsirūn,” this is the 99th verse of Surah al-A’raf.


(Dakika: 35:01)


You see, only the ones who are the losers feel secure from the punishement of Allah. However, the prophets were rendered secure from the torments of Hell through the kindness of Allah. However, they did not feel secure. This is important. You should understand this well. The Prophets were rendered secure from the torments of Hell through the kindness of Allah. However, they did not feel secure. For they were the ones who feared most. For they were the ones who worshipped most. They were the ones who were never rebellious against Allah, and who always obeyed. They are the innocent. He attributed them with the attribute of ismat (protection). Again, they may have feared from Allah more than everyone. They know the attribute of beauty that belongs to Allah well. For that reason, the prophets were rendered secure from the torments of Hell through the kindness of Allah. However, they did not feel secure. You should understand these well. These are important for the fundamentals of Islam. You should never forget the essential articles we gave you. We are trying to give the discovery notes and the explanations of the essential articles. How can one believe in the tidings of the oracles? That is the tidings of the soothsayers, the fortune-tellers, the sorcerers, and the astrologers. It is blasphemy to believe in the tidings they gave from the unseen. The person will reject the religion by doing that. The people who believe in the tidings from the unseen which the soothsayers, the fortune-tellers, the sorcerers, and the astrologers gave fall into blasphemy. By doing that they do not believe in the Islam that was sent down to Prophet Muhammad either; they do not believe in the glorious Al-Qur’an Al-Karim, too. “Say, “No one in the heavens and the earth has the knowledge of the Unseen except Allah,” this is the 65th verse of Surah An-Naml. Friends, only Allah knows the unseen. For that reason, the sorcerers, the fortune-tellers, the soothsayers, and the oracles have no chance of knowing the unseen. The jinns, and the angels can’t know it either. No one can know the unseen. Only Allah knows the unseen. The soothsayer is the person who gives tidings that will occur in the future. The soothsayers claim that they know the secrets. You should not be deceived. According to another opinion, the soothsayer is a magician. The astrologers are similar to the soothsayers if they claim they know the events of the future. Yes friends, the afore hadith includes the oracles, fortune-tellers and astrologers who extract meaning from the letters of syllables.


In other words, do not think that we’re not mentioning the others when one of them is mentioned. What we say includes all of them. It is also not permissible to follow the astrologers and the geomancer (who throws soil), and the others (who throws dices). The money that is given to these people are haram by consensus. Now, the person is practicing geomancy. What are they doing by tossing soil, rocks or sand in mountains, fields, and here and there? There are people searching treasures. There are many fortunes that are spent in these. These are haram by consensus, they said. Qaid Iyad and other ālims had conveyed the similar opinion.


(Dakika: 39:58)


It is also never permissible to follow the inspirations of a person who says he was given inspirations. One can’t follow the assertions of a person who claims that he has enough knowledge to extract meanings from   syllable letters. For these point to the predictors. Moreover, one of the things included in the knowledge that belongs to the syllable letters is the branch of mus’hafs (the books of the Qur’an). It is such that they would open the Book and look in the first page to see which letters that letter corresponds to. They interpret that as good, if the letter “g” comes up, and they say it is harmful if the letter “h” comes up. Moreover, they look at the seventh letter of the seventh page of the book. They judge that the work is not good when they find words like, mim, kāf, dāl, lām, hā̛, and tā or when they find the combinations of them. They say that work is good when they encounter other letters. Ibn Al Ajam had stated in this work called Mansiq that one can’t tell fortunes by looking in the Qur’an. The scholars had fell into dispute in this matter. Some ālims acknowledged fortune-telling from the Qur’an makruh (unacceptable), and some saw it as permissible in some ways. Furthermore, the Maliki scholars stated that it is haram (forbidden) to tell fortunes by looking in the Qur’an. Moreover, some of our valuable ālims are saying this: “It is not right to write ‘good’, ‘bad’, ‘do’, ‘do not’ or similar things on three leaves. These are evil innovations.” Friends, the owner of the work called Madariq says the following in his interpretation of the part of the verse starting with, “You are prohibited carrion, blood, the flesh of swine,” and ending with “and that you determine shares through the arrows. “In the Jahiliyyah Period, when a person wanted to go on a journey, or when he wanted to do some other work, he would pick three fortune arrows. There was not iron in the lower part of those fortune arrows but on one of them was written, “My Lord commaned me,” and on the other was written, “My Lord prohibited me,” and there would not be anything on the third one. Look, these are what the idolaters were doing. Al-Qur’an Al-Karim denies these things. So, if the writing that says, “My Lord commanded me,” appears when he shot the arrow, he does that work. If the writing that says, “My Lord prohibited me,” appears, he does not do that work. You see that he is trying to make Allah an instrument to his fortune-telling. Never! The person would abandon that work for a year unless the correct arrow comes. These are the customs of the ignorant, the customs of idolaters. Furthermore, when the arrow without a writing appears, they would shoot another arrow and continue doing that until the arrows with the writings appeared. Allah Ta’ala wa Taqaddas had certainly forbidden fortune-telling via those arrows.


Let’s see what az-Zaccac says, “There is not a difference between telling fortunes via those arrows and the astrologer saying, ‘don’t go out or go out when this or that star is in the sky.” Our Prophet (sallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) made it a sunnah (tradition) to perform the istikhara (asking for guidance) namaz and recite the preferred prayers in order to cripple these things. In other words, he had destroyed the customs of the period of ignorance, and manifested the istikhara (guidance) namaz.


(Dakika: 45:01)


Furthermore, another Hadith-i Sharif came like this: “The one who does istikhara (asks for guidance) will not come to naught. The one counsels does not regret it either.” The one who does istikahara should also be living Islam, the one who councels should counsel to the real Muslims, who are proficient and qualified. Otherwise, that is not random. Valuable friends, what is necessary for the governors and everyone who is capable is to abolish the soothsayers, fortune-tellers, and those who work with arrows to tell fortunes. They should also try to abolish the geomancers, and prevent them from sitting in front of shops, and on the streets. Today the world is so scuffled with fortune-tellers that the number of them are increasing every day. When people really deviate they stay alone with the fortune-tellers and the devils. These may be devils of people, devils of the jinn, and devils of the animals. You should beware of these. “They would not forbid one another from the wrongs that they committed. Surely, evil is what they had been doing.” Look, the works that are evil which has nothing to do with science and knowledge should not be permitted. Let’s see what Almighty Allah said in the 79th verse of Surah al-Ma’idah. Almighty Lord said: “kānū lā yatanāhawna ʿan munkarin faʿalūhu la-biʾsa mā kānū yafʿalūn,” He commanded. “They would not forbid one another from the wrongs that they committed,” they wanted the evil to spread, people were being deceived. “They would not forbid.” Look, “They would not forbid one another from the wrongs that they committed. Surely, evil is what they had been doing.” The authorities should do the necessary duties in order for the humanity to be saved from those harmful things. For some of those people are deceptive, feeding people lies. In other words, some of those sorcerers, fortune-tellers, and oracles. Beware. The sorcerers declare that the jinn are obeying them, or claim that impossible things reside within them. That is the same with the imposter sheiks. There are many who has imamah on their heads, and gowns on their backs, saying, “I am a sheikh.” The imposters and tricksters amid them are also like that. They always try to slander those who are rightheous and true. Same goes with the fake poor people. Those are people who are not poor but act like one in order to beg, these are like the imposter people of tariqa. They use the religious order as a mask. The entire Nation of Muhammad should beware of them. The devils are playing ball and fooling around where the truth, the knowledge, and the wisdom is not present. You should get your mind together. None of those imposters could take shelter in the scientific field, and Islamic field, not in any period of time.  Whenever people moved away from science, true and real knowledge, the knowledge of Islam and its sciences, they approached near those imposters.


(Dakika: 50:03)


The reason for the fake tariqah being built is that. The ignorant people who move away from science can be deceived easily. What is necessary should be done in order to be saved from the enormities of some of these. It is required that the person whom claims prophethood or whom wants to chance a ruling of the sharia must be severely punished in a dissuasive way. For the field can’t be left empty for such imposters. The enemies of Islam want it to be like this. The ones who call the religion as “opium” desire very much for the disturbance of peace. For that reason, they are co-operating with the disrupter, the fortune-tellers, and the imposters wherever they are. They are trying to exhibit those imposters as pious people in order to defame the religion. They are used as pions and leverage in the hands of the ferocious enemies of the religion. The realm of humanity should get their minds together, and the Nation of Muhammad (ʿalayhi ṣ-ṣalātu wa-s-salām). They talk in a serious way and deceive by means of doing a variety of magic. The great majority of scholars side with the opinion that the ones who do magic should severely be punished in a dissuasive way. The opinions of Imam al-Abu Hanifa, Imam al-Malik, Imam al-Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahmatullahi alayh wa alayhim ajmain). The preferred opinion of Umar, and his son Abdullah ibn Umar, and other sahabah were also in this way.


Yes friends, can someone be declared an unbeliever due to sorcery, or can they be invited to repentance or not? Or what should be done for they have been busy with mischief in the world. There have been scholars who fall into dispute in these matters. There is a condition that an action or a remark that would require blasphemy should be absent. The situation chances if there is a thing that requires blasphemy. This is the opinion which was conveyed from Imam al-Shafi’i. Imam al-Shafi’i also says that in order for them to be severely punished there has to be a situation that necessitates blasphemy. The scholars had fallen into dispute also in the matter of the realness of magic. The majority said that it was effective at the matter of killing a person or making him sick. As for some of the scholars, they have believed that magic consists solely of deception. However, both groups agree that it is blasphemy to call the stars, or addressing the stars, or     prostrating (sajdah) to the stars, or claiming to be close to the stars via using the scents, clothes, and rings that suit the stars, and similar actions. Magic is the greatest of the doors of evil. The scholars say that if the person says “I am the one who makes this happen,” and if he tries to demonstrate that he has some effect on the ill other than praying to Allah in every prayer he recited upon the sick, then this is polytheism and attributing partners to Allah.


(Dakika: 55:21)


It is also necessary to beware of these. The prayers should only be for begging to Allah Ta’ala. It is not permissible to utter the üfürük duaları. You should beware of the following too. Furthermore, it is not permissible to utter the remarks whose meanings are unknown, for they may include polytheism in them in a way that it can’t be known. The sorcerers, the üfürükçüler, and the fortune-tellers use meaningless and deceptive remarks in order to exercise influence over people. “There is not an inconvenience unless there is polytheism.” For to read, to read the kalam (speech) of Allah, and praying to Allah are all rightful things. However, asking assistance from the jinn is not permissible. You should beware of this. The sorcerers, and fortune-tellers say that they ask assistance from the jinn. These are never permissible. “The truth is that some guys from human beings used to seek refuge with some guys of the Jinn, and thus they increased them (the Jinns) in arrogance,” this is the 6th verse of Surah al-Jinn whose transliteration is, “wa-ʾannahū kāna rijālun mina l-ʾinsi yaʿūdhūna bi-rijālin mina l-jinni fa-zādūhum rahaqan.” That was whaour Almighty Lord informed us in that verse of the Qur’an. “The day He will assemble all of them [the humans and the jinn] together, (Allah will say to Jinn) ‘O assembly of jinn! You have deceived many of the humans to seduce them.’ Their friends from among the human beings will say,” look, there are people who are friends of the devils. They say, “Our Lord! We have benefited from each other, and we have reached our term that You had appointed for us.” This is the 128th verse of Surah al-An’am. Beware, the devils are assisting each other as such. O, Muslim! You should enter Allah’s protection. Islam is the name of surrendering to Allah. You should be a good Muslim. Then you may smite upon the jinn. The devils can’t possess you, but you will smite them. You should be such an examplary Muslim through the kindness and generosity of Allah. The people of unseen are the jinn according to them. In the end, only Allah Ta’ala knows the true knowledge and the unseen.


Moreover, it is blasphemy to say, “It will rain,” claiming that you have knowledge from the unseen, without basing it on the signs. In other words, there has to be an astronomical knowledge, and a scientific study, otherwise it is blasphemy to say such things by giving tidings from the unseen, he says. The scientific studies, and astronomical studies are exceptions of this matter.


They hanged an astrologer. This is one of the latife: “They hanged an astrologer. They said to him, “Have you seen this in your star too?” before hanging him. He said, “I had seen some elevation, but could not knew that I would be on this piece of wood.” Now, the astrologers never tell the truth. The devils do not say the truth either.


(Dakika: 59:55)


Therefore, Al-Imam Al-Azam had also drew attention to these matters. He recommends you the a real lifestyle of Islam, reliance upon Almighty aLlah, and the true imān (faith) and knowledge of the Islam against those fortune-tellers, soothsayers, sorcerers, fasiqs (venial sinners), fājirs (sinners by action). The devils will run away from you when within you resides real imān (faith), real knowledge and wisdom. The magicians can’t get into your house. For example, in a report, if a person who was a real mān (faith) is sincerely performing namāz in his home, and if he recites Al-Qur’an Al-Karim, and if he recites the Ayatul Kursi, then a magician can’t enter to that house, he says. Al-Qur’an Al-Karim has disrupted all false games, and manifested the truth. Moreover, Al-Imam Al-Azam also manifests the science of that amantu (fundamentals). Friends, our lectures regarding Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar, and the discovery notes continues. Al-Qur’an Al-Karim is the name that is given for both the text and the meaning. For that reason, Al-Qur’an Al-Karim is the name that given for both the verse and the meaning. They attribute the following remark to Al-Imam Al-Azam: “It is enough for the correctness of the namāz when a person recites in Persian in namāz,” however, there is a narration that says Al-Imam Al-Azam definitely returned from that opinion of his. It says that he returned for certain. He said later that it is strictly not permissible for a person who can read Arabic to read the Qur’an in some language other than Arabic. Who was that? That was what Al-Imam Al-Azam said, just like all of our ālims. There are some people who know that he returned for certain from that opinion of his but do not tell the truth by hiding behind Al-Imam Al-Azam. “If a person who can afford reading it in Arabic reads Al-Qur’an Al-Karim in some language other than Arabic, then he is either a lunatic or a person who needs to be treated in an insane asylum. Or he is an atheist. That person will be severely punished.” Allah Ta’ala had sent down Al-Qur’an Al-Karim in Arabic. The laconic of Al-Qur’an Al-Karim is together with its meaning and text. You see, narratedly that is what Al-Imam Al-Azam said, and that also resides in his Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar. May Almighty Lord admit us amongst the servants whom knows the Truth as the truth, and is subjected to Him, and whom knows what is false as false, and stays away from it, and whom is righeous and enlightened in every way. Valuable friends, our invaluable lectures, the discovery notes continues.


(Dakika: 1:04:03)

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