Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 15-16
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 15
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful. [2:25] “wa-bashshiri lladhīna ʾāmanū wa-ʿamilū ṣ-ṣāliḥāti ʾanna lahum jannātin tajrī min taḥtihā l-ʾanhāru kullamā ruziqū minhā min thamaratin rizqan qālū hādhā lladhī ruziqnā min qablu wa-ʾutū bihī mutashābihan wa-lahum fīhā ʾazwājun muṭahharatun wa-hum fīhā khālidūn” [2:26] “ʾinna llāha lā yastaḥyī ʾan yaḍriba mathalan mā baʿūḍatan fa-mā fawqahā fa-ʾammā lladhīna ʾāmanū fa-yaʿlamūna ʾannahu l-ḥaqqu min rabbihim wa-ʾammā lladhīna kafarū fa-yaqūlūna mādhā ʾarāda llāhu bi-hādhā mathalan yuḍillu bihī kathīran wa-yahdī bihī kathīran wa-mā yuḍillu bihī ʾillā l-fāsiqīn” [2:26] “alladhīna yanquḍūna ʿahda llāhi min baʿdi mīthāqihī wa-yaqṭaʿūna mā ʾamara llāhu bihī ʾan yūṣala wa-yufsidūna fī l-ʾarḍi ʾulāʾika humu l-khāsirūn” Sadaqa Allaah al-‚Azeem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth). Dearest and most venerable friends! We present you the full truth and reality of the life-giving light. We make the announcement of the owner of hayat (life) to the world. We keep conveying you the exalted decree and the exalted truth that belongs to Allah. You see, these are precisely lessons of life. That is the hayat (life) itself. For these are the lessons hayat (life) that are actually perfect life-talks regarding the Creator who created hayat (life), and the life-giving principles. That is why the greatest friendship to humanity is being able to call the humanity to the true life, to the life-giver. The greatest benevolent act would be to receive the lessons of the life-giver, and share it. In the verses that I have read in the beginning of the lesson the true owner of hayat (life) presents us the almighty values that give-life. Rahmat al-Rahim and Rahmat al-Rahman are being manifested eternally. O, people! Worship your Rabb (Lord), who created you and those before you! Now, after saying that, and after presenting these to you briefly let us give their meanings. [2:25] “And give good news to those who believe and do righteous deeds that for them there are gardens beneath which rivers flow.” – You see, in this lesson of hayat (life), authentic good tidings are present. [2:25] “Every time they are given a fruit from there to eat, they will say, “This is what we have been given before”. And they will be given (fruits) resembling one another. And for them there shall be wives purified. And there they will live forever.” You see, the fruit here is the rizq (sustenance) that gives life to you. The values that make the world a paradise are the ones that prepare you for the actual Paradise. The fruits, or rather sustenance mentioned in the verse are the life-giving blessings that belong to the actual Paradise.
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[2:26] “Indeed, Allah does not feel shy in citing any parable. be it that of a gnat or of something above it (in meanness). Now, as for those who believe, they know it is the truth (haqq) from their Rabb (Lord). While those who disbelieve say, “What could Allah have meant by this parable?” By this Allah lets many go astray. And by this Allah makes many find guidance. But Allah does not let anyone go astray thereby except those who are sinful (fasiq).” [2:27] “Those who violate Allah’s covenant after it has been affirmed. You see, they are those who violate Allah’s covenant after it has been affirmed. They break whatever ˹ties˺ Allah has ordered [such as belief, and ties to the relatives] to be maintained. And [they] spread corruption in the earth. It is they who are the ˹true˺ losers.” Dearest friends! After Janâb-i Haqq conveys the warnings in person Janâb-i Haqq presents us the true life-style. [2:27] “How can you deny Allah? You were lifeless and Allah gave you a life, then Allah will make you die and again bring you to life and then to Allah you will all be returned.” In other words, you will all be brought to account. [2:27] “Allah is the One Who created everything in the earth for you. Then Allah turned towards the heaven, forming it into seven heavens. And Allah has ˹perfect˺ knowledge of all things.” It is Allah who creates life. And it is Allah who subjects people to the test. It is Allah who grants eternal life, the true life to those who pass the test. You see, Almighty Allah presents the true life to people along with the life-giving values. Janâb-i Haqq has subjected all worldly life to a test. Allah has created both life and death. Moreover, Allah has shown the way of true life. [2:30] “wa-ʾidh qāla rabbuka li-l-malāʾikati ʾinnī jāʿilun fī l-ʾarḍi khalīfatan qālū ʾa-tajʿalu fīhā man yufsidu fīhā wa-yasfiku d-dimāʾa wa-naḥnu nusabbiḥu bi-ḥamdika wa-nuqaddisu laka qāla ʾinnī ʾaʿlamu mā lā taʿlamūn” [2:31] “wa-ʿallama ʾādama l-ʾasmāʾa kullahā thumma ʿaraḍahum ʿalā l-malāʾikati fa-qāla ʾanbiʾūnī bi-ʾasmāʾi hāʾulāʾi ʾin kuntum ṣādiqīn” [2:32] “qālū subḥānaka lā ʿilma lanā ʾillā mā ʿallamtanā ʾinnaka ʾanta l-ʿalīmu l-ḥakīm” Dearest friends! [2:30] “(Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “I am going to create a caliph (successor) on the earth!” They said, “Will You create there one who will spread disorder on the earth and cause bloodshed while we proclaim Your purity along with your praise, and sanctify Your name?” The Rabb (Lord) said, “Certainly, I know what you know not.” [2:31] “And He taught ’Ādam the names, all of them. Then presented them before the angels, and said: “Tell me their names, if what you say is true.”” [2:32] “They said, “Exalted are You. We have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”” [2:33] “Allah said, “O Adam! Inform them of their names.”
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Then [upon that order] when Adam did [inform them of their names] Allah said, “Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of the heavens and the earth and I know what you reveal and what you conceal?”” [2:34] “And when [at that time] We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves before ’Ādam!” So, they prostrated themselves, all but Iblīs (Satan). He refused, and became one of the infidels.” Dearest friends! Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said next in the 33-39th verse of Surah al-Baqarah. [2:33] “qāla yā-ʾādamu ʾanbiʾhum bi-ʾasmāʾihim fa-lammā ʾanbaʾahum bi-ʾasmāʾihim qāla ʾa-lam ʾaqul lakum ʾinnī ʾaʿlamu ghayba s-samāwāti wa-l-ʾarḍi wa-ʾaʿlamu mā tubdūna wa-mā kuntum taktumūn” [2:34] “wa-ʾidh qulnā li-l-malāʾikati sjudū li-ʾādama fa-sajadū ʾillā ʾiblīsa ʾabā wa-stakbara wa-kāna mina l-kāfirīn” [2:35] “wa-qulnā yā-ʾādamu skun ʾanta wa-zawjuka l-jannata wa-kulā minhā raghadan ḥaythu shiʾtumā wa-lā taqrabā hādhihi sh-shajarata fa-takūnā mina ẓ-ẓālimīn.” Sadaqa Allaah al-‚Azeem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth). [2:36] “Then, Satan caused them to slip from it and brought them out of where they had been.” Janâb-i Haqq had previously said the following in the 35th verse. [2:35] “We cautioned, “O Adam! Live with your wife in Janna (Paradise) and [you both] eat [from it] as freely as you please but do not approach this tree or else you will be wrongdoers.”” We see that in this verse Janâb-i Haqq cautioned Adam and our mother Hawwa (Eve). [2:36] “Then, Satan caused them to slip from it and brought them out of the Janna (Paradise) they had been. And We said, “Go down, all of you, some of you the enemies of others. And on the earth, there will be for you a dwelling place and enjoyment for a time.” [2:37] “Then Adam received from his Rabb [some] words and Allah accepted his repentance. Indeed, Allah is the One who accepts repentance, and Allah is the most Merciful. Dearest friends! That is how the trial of life has begun. Janâb-i Haqq has made the shaitan, and evil powers stand against human. Allah manifested prohibitions, or rather harams against the halal (lawful) things. Let us see who will obey Allah, and who will not. Who will side with Allah, and who will side with what is wrong and evil? So, in the end what did Janâb-i Haqq say? [2:35] “wa-qulnā yā-ʾādamu skun ʾanta wa-zawjuka l-jannata wa-kulā minhā raghadan ḥaythu shiʾtumā wa-lā taqrabā hādhihi sh-shajarata fa-takūnā mina ẓ-ẓālimīn” [2:36] “fa-ʾazallahumā sh-shayṭānu ʿanhā fa-ʾakhrajahumā mimmā kānā fīhi wa-qulnā hbiṭū baʿḍukum li-baʿḍin ʿaduwwun wa-lakum fī l-ʾarḍi mustaqarrun wa-matāʿun ʾilā ḥīn.” [2:37] “fa-talaqqā ʾādamu min rabbihī kalimātin fa-tāba ʿalayhi ʾinnahū huwa t-tawwābu r-raḥīm” [2:38] “qulnā hbiṭū minhā jamīʿan fa-ʾimmā yaʾtiyannakum minnī hudan fa-man tabiʿa hudāya fa-lā khawfun ʿalayhim wa-lā hum yaḥzanūn” [2:39] “wa-lladhīna kafarū wa-kadhdhabū bi-ʾāyātinā ʾulāʾika ʾaṣḥābu n-nāri hum fīhā khālidūn” Dearest, and most venerable friends! We have given you the transliterations of the divine words of our Rabb (Lord). Then, we will discover them together. Insha ’Allah Ta’ala we will follow the perfect life-giving lessons with you and we will make their tafsir (exegesis) and tavil (glossary). We said, “Go down from here, all of you.
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Then, should some guidance come to you from Me those who follow My guidance shall have no fear nor shall they grieve. As for those who disbelieve, and deny Our signs they are the people of Jahannam (Hell). They shall stay there forever.” Now, valuable friends! Let us continue on the discovering these verses. Now, as you know, in these verses many hints have been given to us. The summits of the true life have been shown to us. Now, one of these matters is the matter of caliphate, or rather successorship. As you know successorship, or authority is present in these verses. Adam was created as a caliph (successor). The humanity were created as caliphs (successors). That is why people are created. Moreover, Janâb-i Haqq had counselled the angels. Allah informed them of the situation and Allah has put Adam and the angels on a test. And Adam Alaihissalam has won the test. So, what is caliphate (successorship)? Let us dwell on that. Caliphate means successorship, that which passes from father to son. Also, the reproduction of humanity happens due to Allah‘s creation. That is reminded to the people of ilm (knowledge). That was the lexical meaning. We will explain its religious meaning later. A caliph (successor) is the one to whom Allah gave authority. Now, that authority is in the name of Allah. The caliph (successor) must govern with Allah’s decree. As a deputy of Allah he shall implement Allah’s laws and commands. Also, those who follow him, or rather his successors shall perform the same duty. Those people are caliphs (successors). The caliphate here is Almighty Allah’s own will on earth. The duty of all servants here is to implement the laws and commands of Allah on earth by means of being united. That is the duty of humanity. That is why they are created. The afore meaning is the summary of the exegesis of the ashab and the Tābi’ūn. Let us take a glance at the religious meaning of it. Common folk does not know much about this. The authority is in the name of Allah, and the caliph (successor) must govern with the decrees of Allah. Now, what does this mean? This is a caliphate, so people must rule with the laws of Allah. They must implement justice with the laws, and the justice of Allah. Now, that is the true (haqq) justice. The caliph has to implement the divine laws, and what we call social justice must be implemented on earth. The hearts and souls of all people has to be united as a spirit of nation. You see, it is Allah who creates the souls, and the hearts. It is Allah who established this order. Allah did send humanity to this world for a test. Allah wants people to rule the earth with Allah‘s own laws. And Allah wants people to implement Allah‘s own justice on earth. All instances of cruelty, from a to z, is prohibited in Islam. A complete justice on earth is a must. People distribute the duties among themselves. You see, every people has duties here. So, what do they do among themselves? They establish states, and choose heads of those states. Then, everyone participate and receive their duties in this national endeavor. Everyone has a duty here. Everyone has a duty, from a shepherd on mountain to a worker, his boss, and to the head of the state.
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So, in the end everyone should implement the laws and decrees of Allah Ta‘ala in their own lives. When people implement the life-giving divine laws in their souls and bodies, and their actions and when they implement them in their state, nation, and world a complete Janna (Paradise) is manifested in the afterlife of that world. The life of Janna (Paradise) is knowing, living and implementing the divine decrees. Humanity shall exercise the laws and commands of Allah as Allah‘s deputy. Those who follow them are the caliphs (successors) who will exercise the same duties. You see, Adam was created as a caliph (successor). He was tested by means of angels, and he has won the test. So, it means that the caliph (successor) must be in the perfect condition to implement the divine laws and the divine justice perfectly. The afore meaning is the summary of the exegesis of the ashab, and the Tābi’ūn. Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said. [35:39] “huwa lladhī jaʿalakum khalāʾifa fī l-ʾarḍi fa-man kafara fa-ʿalayhi kufruhū wa-lā yazīdu l-kāfirīna kufruhum ʿinda rabbihim ʾillā maqtan…” The verse continues. The verse continues. Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said here. [35:39] “Allah is the One who has made you caliphs (successors) on the earth. Whoever denies is at a loss. Their disbelief (kufr) adds nothing to the infidels but anger from their Rabb (Lord). And their disbelief (kufr) adds nothing to the disbelievers (kāfirs) but loss.” “The verse ends with ʾillā khasāran” You see, as the servants of our Creator we have to acknowledge the laws of the Creator. If we do not, we will have to bear the consequences. Janna (Paradise) is mentioned in these verses. Janâb-i Haqq also mentions the wives of paradise. The wives of paradise do not experience menstruation or puerperality. They do not experience menstruation or puerperality. In there, there are no such things as ghusl (full ablution). Even things like mucus or phlegm are not present. The Muslim women who leave this world as believers (mu’mins) are more beautiful than the Houris when they enter Janna (Paradise). The Houris of that place are so beautiful. Everything within Janna (Paradise) is beautiful, for it is the eternal life. Islam prepares people to this world and the afterlife (ākhira), which is the eternal life. That is why the women who go to Janna (Paradise) are much more beautiful than the Houris. That is, of course, valid for Muslim women, who are believers (mu’mins). Belief (iman), and amel-i salih (good acts/deeds) is to believe in and live the laws and rules that Almighty Allah manifested. The sustenance (rizq) mentioned is like those in the Janna (Paradise). They are not like those on earth. They may only be name similarities otherwise the blessing in the Janna (Paradise) are unlike those in this world. This is because the blessings in Janna (Paradise) are calibrated for eternal life. A person gets young via every blessing in Janna (Paradise). The world may age people, but Islam makes you younger. The Janna (Paradise) keeps you young forever. The Misaq is also mentioned. It means to give a promise by taking an oath. The ‘yanquṣū’ is also mentioned. They are the people who violate the promise, or rather the oath.
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In the Abrahamic books a promise of belief (iman) was taken from Prophet Muhammad. Prophet Muhammad was introduced to all prophets via divine books, the Torah, the Bible, the Psalm, and the Scriptures. Then, Prophet Muhammad attained prophethood. At that time, all of the past nations have recognized Prophet Muhammad in their own books and they believed in him. They acknowledged his prophethood from then. Such a shame that Israel did not keep their promise they gave to Moses (Musa). The people around Isa (Jesus) did not keep their promise either. The majority of those were Israel, and the others. So, what did they do, they returned from their promise. Had they not returned from their promise Allah had introduced Prophet Muhammad to them in the Bible and the Torah via Isa (Jesus) and Musa (Moses). Today, the entire world should have been Muslims. They did not do a favor to their own nations here. Had the Israel who say they believe in their prophets had believed in Musa (Moses) and had they believed in the Torah; they should have been Muslims today. The same goes for the Christians as well. Had they believed in Isa (Jesus), and the Bible they should have immediately become Muslims. These are present in these verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim clearly. That is why Al-Quran Al-Karim reminds this to the world. There is only one religion of the world. The religion of Islam had started with Adam. The religion will continue until the Last Day (Qiyamah) with Prophet Muhammad. All prophets are attendants of the religion of Islam. They are all Islamic prophets, all of them. Such a shame that there are those who do not keep the promise they have given to Allah. Those who do not believe in their own prophets and the verses of their own books have fallen to this situation. They have fabricated other religions. None of those are true (haqq) religions. Theirs is not the religion of Musa (Moses), nor Isa (Jesus). They are not the religion brought with the Bible, and the Torah. If they were, the entire world should have been Muslims today. You see, Islam, Al-Quran Al-Karim, and Prophet Muhammad has renewed all of the past sharia sharīʿah laws. It is Allah who ordered that. The religion of Islam came with new laws. Quran is the book of eternal and new laws. These laws belong completely to Allah. They cannot create cobweb, or even a fly. They cannot create cobweb on their own. However, we see that there are incalculable amount of people who do not acknowledge the divine Creator and the laws that the Creator introduced. The djinn are present in ‘Et-Tesil’. They have caused corruption, and the angels killed them. You see, sajdah before Adam was mentioned here as well. The sajdah, or prostration here is in terms of greeting, and showing respect. Otherwise, one can prostrate (sajdah) in worship can only be done before Allah Ta‘ala. Now, the situation about caliphate is a matter of divine laws that is why this is a matter of acknowledging those laws. The actual meaning of sajdah (prostration) is acknowledging Allah‘s laws and showing respect to Allah. Adam can be accepted as a qiblah there. As for sajdah (prostration), it is only for Allah. The respect within sajdah (prostration) is nothing but acknowledging Allah and Allah’s laws. The caliphate is knowing Allah‘s laws and entering into the command of the divine rulership. The Shaitan did not enter, he did not acknowledge.
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So, Shaitan stood against the caliphate (successorship) and he was dismissed from Allah’s rahmat. Janâb-i Haqq gives warning. [21:40] “bal taʾtīhim baghtatan…” There is death for all people in this world. There is also the Last Day (Qiyamah). It may happen suddenly. Janâb-i Haqq warns them by saying that Last Day (Qiyamah) may overtake them suddenly. [38:71] “ʾinnī khāliqun basharan min ṭīnin” Janâb-i Haqq said the following in the afore verse from Surah Sâd. [38:71] “Indeed I am about to create a human being out of clay [ṭīn].” Thus, Janâb-i Haqq gave news of the creation of human. Janâb-i Haqq also said the following. [3:110] “kuntum khayra ʾummatin ʾukhrijat li-n-nāsi taʾmurūna bi-l-maʿrūfi wa-tanhawna ʿani l-munkari wa-tuʾminūna bi-l-llāh…” Janâb-i Haqq said: ‘You are the best ummah (nation) [ever] brought forth for mankind,’ to the ummah (nation) of Muhammad. So, why is the ummah (nation) of Muhammad is good? The features of being good is also narrated. Janâb-i Haqq says: “taʾmurūna bi-l-maʿrūfi” “You bid what is right.” “wa-tanhawna ʿani l-munkari – and forbid what is wrong [evil].” “wa-tuʾminūna bi-l-llāhi – and [you] have faith in Allah.” The summary of the traits of the ummah (nation) of Muhammad is here. To bid what is right (maʿrūf) and forbid what is wrong (munkar). To have faith in Allah. To know the life-giving order, and the laws of Allah, and to live and implement them. The words of ‘cail’ and ‘halık’ were also mentioned. In the verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim that I have read, the word ‘cail’ comes after the word ‘haligun’. You may receive other information when you look into the 39th verse of Surah al-Fatir, and the 71 and 85th verses of Surah Sad. In Turkish, the original of the word ‘kalfa – apprentice’ is ‘caliph’. It means taking the position of someone after that person has passed away. The core of the word is caliph. The rest of the word is for enriching it. It is a sifat-i galibe (superior adjective). The French word ‘représentant’ actually stands for this. The French word for caliph is ‘représentant’. The plural of the word is ‘halaif or hulafa’ in Turkish. The concept of caliphate, or deputation is to be a vicegerent for someone else, and to represent him. This successorship occurs when the primary authority is lost or when he is in a helpless situation. If those are not the case, it occurs when the primary authority gives the successor the honor as a blessing. You see, the situation here is the second one. What we said first is not the case here. An absolute divine entity, who is Allah Ta’ala made humans successors on earth, and created them. As you have heard the second case occurs when the authority grants the honor to the deputy. As you see, Janâb-i Haqq had given so much value to humanity. It is Allah who is the absolute and almighty entity. However, Allah valued humanity so much that Allah had appointed us as deputies on earth so that we may implement the laws of Allah. The caliphate here is the entire humanity. The humanity is the caliphs here, and they all have duties. They make their own elections, and they establish states. That is such as the Caliphate of Abu Bakr or the Caliphates of Umar and Uthman (r.a.). A great honor is given to humanity here. Caliphate is the greatest honor for people. So, what did Allah Ta’ala do with the laws that belong to Allah, and the humanity?
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Allah appointed humanity as rulers. The name of these rulers are caliphs. Allah told us to implement Allah’s laws in the world. Allah had created the universe with Allah’s own rules. The Sun rises and sets via Allah’s laws. All planes, moons, and stars rotate in their own axis. The days and nights are created via Allah’s laws. Allah’s laws are in effect. They affect all things on earth or in the skies, the land or in the seas. Moreover, the humanity shall live on earth as nations and states, of course. They shall implement Allah’s laws. The must of being a caliph, and attaining this grand honor is that. This Iblis, the cursed Shaitan, and the Pharaohs did not acknowledge Allah’s laws. They only acknowledged the order that they had established. That is why Muslims should perform the necessities of this honor, which is given by Allah with pleasure. Also, if they live and implement these life-giving values, they will both find life, and present the life-giving values to the humanity. You see, Allah has chosen the humanity as deputies and as caliphs, and gave them this grand honor. But that is due to Allah’s generosity. Allah bestowed such grand favors to the humanity. Allah has created the earth with Rahmat al-Rahman (blessing of the Most Gracious). Allah has established this order, and gave us the caliphate as a duty. Allah has also prepared the Janna (Paradise). The eternal Rahmat al-Rahman (blessing of the Most Gracious) has no beginning. Rahmat al-Rahim goes to the eternity as lem-yezelî (perdurable). The honor of the deputy comes from the glory of the essential entity. Now, the honor of the humanity comes the sublimity of their Rabb (Lord). For that divine, and peerless entity has given this honor to the humanity. Allah has given us many values such as being a human and being a Muslim, and being in the position of the caliphate. You see, the abode of all of these values is Islam, the glorious Quran, and Prophet Muhammad. The reason that these values are divine values is that they belong to Allah. They are divine values, because they come from Allah. The honor of the deputy, comes from the glory of the absolute authority. So, the glory of these values, and their nobility comes from Allah. Allah is the peerless divine entity. The humanity is suitable for the vicegerency. Thus, a grand authority is granted to human on earth. Please, listen carefully. The humanity is given a complete freedom, and a complete authority. So, can the ones who receive this authority be able to use it correctly? There are people who consider this as sublimity. However, this is a deputation, not a sublimity. That is an assignment given by Allah. No one is Allah. Everybody is servants of Allah. Now, please pay attention to this part. Those who consider themselves as divine who do not acknowledge Allah cannot assign me any duty. Those who say that they consider Allah’s laws outdated who try to implement their own laws and rules who try to implement the laws and rules of this or that civilization the civilization of east or west those who say they do not accept Allah or Allah’s laws are trying to show themselves as divinities rather than deputies. The servant tries to divinize himself, rather than being a servant. They may or may not be aware of this. But this murder is committed. The person who divinizes himself does this evil to himself first. Then, he does this evil and malice to the humanity. If you do not acknowledge Allah, and the laws and the order of Allah tomorrow, the armies of Azrael Alaihissalam will take you and bring you into the presence of Allah.
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You will die, and answer to Allah. Think of this my brother. The sole, eternal, and all-able ruler of this world, and all worlds is Allah. Allah is the absolute ruler. We are Allah’s servants, and deputies. We establish our national state in Allah’s property, according to Allah’s laws. We implement our national laws. The national state is the order of Allah. The national state is the one that is governed with the laws of Allah. Now, have there been people in the history who have ascended to the position of caliphate but failed to do their duty properly. The blame is on people here. Some may not do it properly, and others may. You cannot put forth the guilty ones, and those who failed their duties in order to blame Allah and Allah’s laws. If you put forth those who failed their duties and blame those who do perform their duties properly, or Allah Ta’ala, and Allah’s laws. If you wish to declare them as imperfect, then you will answer for that as well. That is your outdated mindset. There cannot be outdatedness in Allah or the laws of Allah, or the caliphate of Allah. Will those who consider that as nobility not act according to their own interest and cause corruption on earth? Will many pharaohs not emerge? The angels wanted to ask for clarification of that. In other words, the inquired about it, the angels wanted an explanation on that day. Now, this is important. The angels wanted to learn whether humanity will perform their duties properly or not. In other words, they wanted to learn these people from Janâb-i Haqq. That is not an objection. They stated what they wanted to know indirectly. The angels said that people will shed blood on earth. They said people will cause corruption on earth. Janâb-i Haqq said against the mischief-makers there will be chasteners. Janâb-i Haqq also said there will always be just people against cruel people. Besides, Prophet Muhammad, who is the Prophet of Rahmat is a human. There are other prophets as well. For example, there is Abū Bakr as-Ṣiddīq who reached the summits of being a siddiq (trustworthy), he is also a human. Umar Al-Faruq’s justice is famous in all parts of the world today. That trait of Umar is famous. The situation of Umar, who is an example when it comes to justice is also a human. So, it means that there have always been, and will always be able staff on earth who will rule this caliphate properly. If you do not give the duty to this able staff and give it to people who are not able to accomplish that duty this becomes the origin of the terror on the world. One side is living in the world of lords, while the other’s sleep hungry. One side lives miserably, and the rights of the humanity are being exploited. They are cheating people of their rights. They are inflicting cruelty. The justice is not implemented. The duty of the entire humanity is to implement and fulfil the divine justice, and the social justice. If there are correct aspects of the present order in the world, they are all from Islam. As for the incorrect aspects, they are out of Islam. The abode of every truth is Islam. The abode of every truth is the laws of Allah, and Al-Quran Al-Karim. The abode of every truth is the divine values that Al-Quran Al-Karim confirmed.
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Now, dearest friends! We have talked about the discovery of the verses about caliphate (successorship). There is also the matter of tasbīh (glorification) of the angels. The concept of tasbīh (glorification) is mentioned in these verses. It means glorifying Allah, and saying Allah is free from all imperfections. The meaning of tasbīh (glorification) is that there cannot be any imperfections in Allah Ta’ala eternally. It means that while the servant praises and glorifies Allah he says that Allah is devoid of imperfections. There are the words, ‘sebhun’ and ‘subhan – glory’ and ‘tasbīh – glorification’. The word ‘sebhun’ is an infinitive, and comes from tef’il. It means going far away by means of swimming fast. That is the lexical meaning. However, its religious meaning is tanzih (transcendence). In other words, there are no imperfections in Allah. Tanzih (transcendence) is absolving Allah from all types of imperfections. Its lexical meaning is going away by swimming fast that is the lexical meaning of the word but it has some relation. In other words, it means going to Allah by being filled to brim with love of Allah in the horizon of love, and ocean of love by means of tasbīh (glorification). Taqdis (sanctification) comes from ‘quds’. Quds means very clean, to keep very clean, to go far away and to cleanse the nafs’ (selves) for to please Allah. It means that tasbīh (glorification) and taqdis (sanctification) appears here. So, what are they? We both glorify (tasbīh), and sanctify (taqdis) our Rabb (Lord). For all might, and all immaculacy is with Allah Ta’ala. All purity and exaltedness that we cannot describe due to our helplessness are within Allah. That is why cleansing our selves (nafs) is our duty as a servant. Allah is such Quddūs (The Most Holy), and Subhan (Glorified) that we must cleanse our hearts in Allah’s presence. We must cleanse our selves (nafs). We must become immaculate servants in the presence of Allah. Allah is closer to us than ourselves. Now let us dwell on the word “angel – melek”. The word melek (angel) comes from ‘melik’. It essentially comes from ‘Mim ( م )’ with fa’l vezni. Its plural would be ‘melaike’. It means precaution, force, and anomaly. The ones that are commissioned in political missions are called as ‘melek’ and the ones who are among the mortals are called as ‘melik’. There are ‘melaike’. There are the ones who convey (tabligh), the angels of jihad (struggle) the angels of force, the angels who bring aid. There are the vicegerent of the angels and the mortals. They are the driving force, or the motive for there cannot be a movement without there being a driving force. They are a glitter of the driving force that we saw in the book. You cannot think of an event without there being an angel. You cannot even think of a raindrop without there being an angel. Also, against the angels there are evil powers, and corrupted souls. Those are the shaitans. The pure and spiritual ones are the angels. The earth and the skies are filled to brim with angels. If you consider that every single grass and herb that spring up has an angel and every raindrop has an angel it is clear that the earth and the skies are filled with angels. So, we briefly talked about the word angel – or melek. There is also the dispute about whether they cover a space, and whether they are abstract beings. In other words, whether they are physical or abstract beings is a disputed matter. The majority of the kalamists say they cover a space and they are cism-i latif (cannot be perceived by 5 senses). In terms of their power, their power is abstract. In other words, without there being matter.
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They say the transcendent is only Allah Ta’ala. The modern physicists say that there is no force without ‘esir – the substance that fills the gap between atoms thus filling the entire universe, without having a mass.’ In other words they say there is no force without there being ‘esir’ and ‘atom’. The view of the Islamic philosophers is that it is an abstract jawhar (substance) such as the soul, angels, and the nafs (self). Some of them were inundated with the ilm (knowledge/science) of the truth (haqq). Some angels are commissioned in managing things in the earth and the skies. In other words, they are appointed. There are angels that belong to the earth, and the skies. In other words, there are angels of earth, and angels of skies. The previous ones are like the souls of them. The physical universe is a heaven, and there are other heavens beyond it. Judging by that, you can contemplate how grand and deep the positions of the angels; and the truth about them. It is narrated that Prophet Muhammad (asw) has said the following regarding this matter. The earth did creak. You see, you can only receive the true news from Al-Quran Al-Karim, and Prophet Muhammad. Many centuries and ages pass before sciences can discover these facts. However, the true news, the news of life, the news of eternity, the eternal truth and the life-giving news given by Al-Quran Al-Karim and Prophet Muhammad. The discoveries of people arrive late. However, people are commissioned to make discoveries. Now, we cannot give this information to you before discovering Al-Quran Al-Karim. You can make the discovery of the verses by discovering Quran. Then, with these verses you can discover the signs of the universe. The humanity is working on this subject. Those who understand Al-Quran Al-Karim and abide by the command of Prophet Muhammad could accomplish this much so far. Those who turn their backs on the Quran and act by denying Prophet Muhammad got subjected to matter. They became naturists, some of them became animists and others became atheists or disbelievers. They brought shame upon themselves. They ruined themselves. It is impudence to reside in the property of Allah while denying Allah. It is impudence to reside in the property of Allah, and eat from the blessings of Allah while denying Allah’s book Al-Quran Al-Karim. Prophet Muhammad is sent to earth by Allah as a blessing upon all worlds. He is the founder of the divine order, and the greatest Prophet. He is the Prophet of all ages and nations. Thus and so, it is the greatest evil upon oneself, and the humanity to deny this Prophet. That is why you may receive the truest news of the eternal, everlasting and the life-giving values from the Quran, and Prophet Muhammad. Or rather, you should receive the news from the Quran, and Prophet Muhammad. Now, let us see what our Beloved Prophet said in the narration. Our Prophet said: “The universe creaks, and it is its right to creak. There is not even a foot of space in it without there being an angel that is performing sajdah, or rukū.” You should pay attention to that. There is also another narration that supports it. Our Prophet says that humanity is one tenth of the djinn in terms of numbers. That is all people, howsoever many people there are on the earth. That includes the living and the dead, also those who will be born and die. It includes all people who has ever lived or will ever live from the beginning of the world.
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It is narrated that our Prophet said the numbers only make one tenth of the djinn. Now, the animals of earth are ten times more numerous than all of them. So, what does he mean by “them”. The entirety of all people and the djinn only make on tenth of the animals of earth in terms of numbers. Moreover, the sum of all them make only one tenth of all birds in terms of numbers. What is more, the sum of all of them make only one tenth of the marine animals in terms of numbers. Also, the sum of all of them make only one tenth of all angels that are commissioned on earth. Now, those are the angels that are commissioned on earth. This is important. Then, our Prophet says that the angels of the earth, and the skies of earth are so much more than the sum of the ones that we have counted so far. And the number of the angels of the second layer of the heaven are so much more than the sum of all of the above. This continues increasingly until the seventh layer. In the end, the sum of all of them belong only to kursī (the throne). In other words, there is arş-i âlâ (the top layer) and there is the kursī (the throne). We all read the following verse which is Ayatul Kursi. [2:255] “wasiʿa kursiyyuhu s-samāwāti wa-l-ʾarḍa wa-lā yaʾūduhū ḥifẓuhumā wa-huwa l-ʿaliyyu l-ʿaẓīm.” Allah’s seat embraces the heavens and the earth and Allah is not wearied by their preservation and Allah is the All-exalted, the All-supreme. That is the kursī (the throne) mentioned in the hadith. They all belong to the kursī (the throne) of that verse of Al-Quran Al-Karim. Then, the sum of all of the previously mentioned numbers are such a small amount compared to the number of the angels that belong to the kursī (the throne). You see, around this kursī (the throne) there are countless angels. So, then what happens? Our Prophet says that the sum of all of them are not even one tenth of the angels of one the curtains of arş (the ninth heaven) and there are around six hundred thousand of them. You see, our Prophet says that the sum of all of the above including the angels of kursī (the throne) do not even make one tenth of the angels of the arş (the ninth heaven). That anecdote is said for only one of the curtains of arş-i ala (the ninth heaven). You see, there are curtains in arş-i ala (the ninth heaven). There are almost six hundred thousand curtains and the sum of all of the previous numbers including the angels of the kursī (the throne) do not even make one tenth of the angels within only one of them. Our Prophet says that the sum of the previously mentioned numbers within the earth and the skies do not make up a significant amount compared to a single curtain among all those curtains. In other words, the numbers grow to be insignificant as we proceed to the arş-i ala (the ninth heaven) or rather the curtains of arş-i ala (the ninth heaven). These numbers continue increasingly to the curtains of the arş-i ala (the ninth heaven) in a proportion no one may know. In every hand span of all this there are angels that stand, perform sajdah, or rukū. They tasbīh (glorify) and taqdis (sanctify) their Rabb (Lord). My dearest friends! Whatsoever is there in the worlds all tasbīh (glorify) taqdis (sanctify) Allah. Thus, we try to implement the itiqad (faith), act/deed (amel), morals and juristicial decrees of the religion that Prophet Muhammad and his sunnah (customs), and the Quran has introduced us. We try to implement all that in our lives with every fiber of our being. When we accomplish implementing them into our lives, we will have endeavored to perform our duties as servants. Otherwise, we will die and we will stand before Allah then what will we say to Allah? Now, after remembering this, let us see what our Prophet said next. He said that the sum of all those are similar to a drop of water in an ocean against the angels that revolve around the ninth heaven. As you see, there are limitless angelic armies around the arş (ninth heaven) and no one but Allah knows their numbers.
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Then, the helpers of Isrāfīl (a.s.), the angels of levh-i kalem and the forces of Jibrāʾīl are countless. Now, please pay attention because this part is important. There are many angelic armies under the command of Isrāfīl. There are endless angelic armies under the command of Jibrāʾīl. Their lifespans, ibadats (worships), and varieties are only known to Allah. Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said in the 31th verse of Surah al-Muddaththir. [74:31] “…wa-mā yaʿlamu junūda rabbika ʾillā huwa…” And none knows the armies of Allah except Allah. Their numbers, and other traits are only known to Allah who is the eternal ruler, the absolute ruler, and the all-able ruler. Allah has incorporated all almighty sifāts (attributes). Almighty Allah, who is free from all imperfect sifāts (attributes) is the owner of the endless angelic armies. Thus, only Allah knows their numbers. Our Prophet (saw), has seen groups of angels that are like tower bastions in miʿraj (the night journey). They would walk away looking at each other’s faces. Our Prophet asked Jibrāʾīl (a.s.) about where they ae headed. Jibrāʾīl said he doesn’t know, and he sees them ever since he was created. He said he does not see any one of them twice. They asked one of the angels about when it was created. The angel said, ‘I do not know’. However, the angel said that Janâb-i Haqq creates a star in every four thousand years. The angel said it has seen four hundred thousand stars being created since it was created. Now, if you listen carefully, the age of that angel is one hundred and sixty million years if you multiply four hundred thousand to four hundred thousand. That is an occurrence in the time of our Prophet. As fourteen years have passed from him to this time. We have revealed the age of that angel. Many angels have been created before and after that angel. You see, Prophet Muhammad achieved all that knowledge. Moreover, even if you gather all philosophers of the world and all people of intellect, they cannot give you tidings about such things, they cannot be aware of these things. You may only receive that news from Prophet Muhammad, and Al-Quran Al-Karim. This is because these are news given via divine revelation. Dearest friends! That is why these talks are the talks about the life-giving values. These are embodiments of the truth (haqq) and reality. In other words, these are from the Quran and sunna (customs), ijma (reasoning), and qiyās (analogy). These news come from the divine sources. The reports whose sources, proofs and sanads (backings) are weak are out of our talks, and they should be. As for the abundance of angels, one must understand that this is due to the cosmical manifestations of the qudrah (omnipotence). There is no limit to Allah’s qudrah (omnipotence). There are no constraints to Allah’s Will either. You should understand these well, and never forget.
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Do not let this pass over your head. Do not become one of the rascals or the yappers. You should digest this with your soul. You should stand at attention under the command of your Rabb (Lord). You should never become butler to evil people, or idols. You should not be a servant to your nafs (self). Do no worship your nafs (self). Do not worship this world either. Get onto the back of this world as if it is a horse and whip it, then drive to the afterlife (akhirah). You should invest in the consent of Allah to Allah’s commandments, and the afterlife (ākhira). You shall work harder than everyone. But work in the name of Allah, work under Allah’s command. These enlightenments are much grander than the astronomical ideas of our century. Even if you gather all of the scholars of astronomy together, they cannot give you this news. It is also true that they are helpful to the society. They are valuable works in their fields. However, in order to receive sublime news from sublime realms wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation), a Prophet, and a divine book is needed. You see we have the glorious book. We have Al-Quran Al-Karim which is a peerless and eternal miracle. It is a peerless miracle; it challenges all ages. It came to this by challenging all ages. And it will go until the Last Day (Qiyamah) standing against disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), cruelty and ignorance. For that is the book of Allah. Allah embroidered the names into the soul of Adam as inspiration. So, remember when we said Adam Alaihissalam was tested with the angels in a verse. Janâb-i Haqq had asked the names of the ashya (all things) to the angels and they did not know. On the other hand, Adam Alaihissalam knew, and he won the test. Thus, he became a caliph (successor). Allah had embroidered the names into the soul of Adam Alaihissalam. Allah decreed on blowing soul. The soul is a creature created by Allah. The soul is emr-i rabbânî (under the command of its Lord). There are the idolaters who divinize the soul. They worship to the soul. They are called as animists. You should not worship to anyone except Allah. Do not worship an angel, a prophet, a soul, a this or that. Do not worship the poor, the rich, the heroes, the âlims or the ignorant people. Do not worship anyone but Allah. Be a servant of Allah. The eternally blissful life, freedom and eternal liberty is within servitude to Allah. Independence is also within being a servant of Allah. You should become a servant of Allah because when you live under the command of anyone else captivity and abasement begins. That is the starting point of slavery, you should get your mind together. The humanity is the beloved servants of Allah. Allah crated the humanity with the Almighty Will, and rahmat (blessing). And Allah created this world. People do not speak the truth, except the ones that do. Some people talk about their idols. Some talk about their master, and the others talk about their leader. People speak about this or that thing or people as if they are divinities. People shift their attention to things other than the Divine. They try to separate people from their Creator who is Almighty, and Peerless. They direct people to idols, and tawagit (tyrannical powers). Is that not a pity? That is a pity for those who are deceived, and mistaken. Those who deceive people are doing the greatest evil against the humanity, and they are betraying all people. Dearest friends! Come! Let us talk the facts, and speak honestly. Let us give each other correct tidings. Let us call each other to the life-giving values. You see, we endeavor to make talks about the life-giving values so that we may all benefit.
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May Allah bestow us much guidance. Now after hearing that Janâb-i Haqq had Adam learn all names, all tongues and all languages, and names of all things whether living or lifeless. Adam knew all languages. Adam knew all names. Adam knew he names of ashya (all things) whether living or lifeless. That is why Adam was created in the Janna (Paradise). Adam is our father, and he is a human. Adam and Hawwa (Eve), she was created in the Janna (Paradise) as well. Then they lied down under a forbidden tree in Janna (Paradise). The shaitan whispered to them, and deceived them. They were driven out of the Janna (Paradise) and came to the world, or rather the world of test. There was only one test in the Janna (Paradise) that they failed. The test consisted of a single prohibition. They were subjected to hard trials in the world. We are all in these hard trials right now. You can either obey Allah, acknowledge Allah, or you will lose the test. If you do not acknowledge the laws of Allah and if you do not acknowledge the order of Allah and if you refuse to know the book, and the decrees within it and the everlasting constitution of Allah then, you will live under the rulership of other laws like a lamb. However, you would not know about Allah. But Allah is your Creator. Tomorrow, Allah will raise you from your grave and bring you to the Great Gathering (Mahshar). Just like Allah created you out of nothing. That is why those who say Adam and Hawwa (Eve) were living the stone age, the age of cavemen have been wrong. The father, and the mother of the humanity were created more cultured and knowledgeable than even the angels. As for the second argument, the names of the offspring of Adam were informed to Adam by Janâb-i Haqq. He became the recipient of the sifāts (attributes) of ilm (knowledge), and kalam (speech). The names Adam knew first and foremost were the names of Allah. He knew about them first and foremost; he gets to know Allah. But he was wrong. He got deceived or he forgot about the forbidden tree in the Janna (Paradise). In the end, he was driven out of Jannah (Paradise) and we were all subjected to the test on earth. Because, we were his offspring. We originated in the world; we were created in the world. That why the caliphate is too important for humanity. The humanity is in debt here. So, please pay attention. The caliphate is what manages people, states, and nations. That is only possible with true education, and true culture. We are talking about a knowledge that surpasses angels. That knowledge is knowing the things Allah put forth first and foremost. That is why caliphate, all these are quite important. The entire humanity is in debt here. The knowledge of Adam includes all languages until the Last Day (Qiyamah). That is due to his caliphate. Janâb-i Haqq created Adam as a caliph. But Janâb-i Haqq also equipped him with knowledge. The offspring of Adam were presented to the angels in a form similar to that of small ants (emsalul zerri). Presented in a form similar to that of small ants (emsalul zerri). The essential (asli) ilm (knowledge) is the appearance of the truth and it is a special kind of improvement.
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As for kalam (speech), it is the manifestation of ilm (knowledge). Let us endeavor to understand this well together. Kalam is the appearance of the truth, a special form of improvement and a manifestation of ilm (knowledge). The angels do their acts/deeds (amel) according to nass (divine decree). As for the mortals, they have the power of istinbat (deduction) and qiyās (deductive analogy). You should pay attention to this part as well. The angels do their acts/deeds (amel) according to nass (divine decree). As for the mortals, they have the power of istinbat (deduction). The one who knows Quran, sunna (customs) and ijma (consensus) perform qiyās (deductive analogy). Qiyās-i Fuqahā is the fourth-degree proof in Islam. That is an ability of humanity. The doors of ijtihad (reasoning) is open until the Last Day (Qiyamah). But why? You should not hinder the advancement of humanity. Advancement should be encouraged. The religion of Islam is the religion of advancement. It is Prophet Muhammad (a.s.) who said, ‘The one whose two days are the same is at loss.’ The humanity made its move through here. After our Prophet, the ilms (sciences), discoveries, and moves have advanced. Had the mindset of the crusaders and the imperialist mindsets, the fascist mindsets did not take precedence over humanity, ilm (knowledge), and irfan (wisdom) and justice, advancement, and modernization the humanity would have advanced more. On the contrary, ilm (science) advanced a little bit. However, humanity have almost completely abandoned justice, social justice, and the divine order right now. That is a suicide. What some people put forth cannot ever be justice. Allah’s justice is based on belief (iman), mercy, and rahmat (blessing). The justice can only be manifested via the staff who relies on divine principles. Janâb-i Haqq had put this duty on the shoulders of the ummah (nation) of Prophet Muhammad. The ummah (nation) shall carry this social spirit as a whole. That is a universal, and merciful social justice. In the end the divine justice will be implemented on earth. The world shall come under the rulership of Allah. The divine rulership is the management where the laws of Allah are in place. Janâb-i Haqq created the innate nature (fitrah) of Adam from Allah’s sifāt (attribute) and Janâb-i Haqq made him a recipient of both Allah’s ilm (knowledge) and the sifāt (attribute) of kalam. Then, Janâb-i Haqq tested him. Janâb-i Haqq created the humanity with the sifāt (attribute) of ilm (knowledge) and the sifāt (attribute) of kalam. Janâb-i Haqq equipped people with intellect. Janâb-i Haqq had given us cognizance. Allah created the caliphate. But also, Allah had equipped us humans with whatever attributes are necessary for the caliphate, and all skills required to sustain it. There is also this, Subhan is a proper name for tasbīh (glorification). That is the beginning of repentance. You should recite the Subhanaka when you repent and ask for forgiveness. Also, fulfill the conditions of repentance, and asking for forgiveness first. Now, let us talk a little bit about the Iblis. Iblis did not like the divine command. In other words, he did not acknowledge the laws of caliphate. He objected to the caliph, he became arrogant and he made qiyās (deductive analogy) himself. Now the qiyās (deductive analogy) that are performed by not acknowledging Allah’s commands, and similar ijtihads are the ijtihads of the Iblis. Those who perform ijtihad without acknowledging Allah and Al-Quran Al-Karim, Prophet Muhammad and Islam and the life-giving divine vales within it and those who judge the Muslims are nothing but idols.
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O! The one who judges the Muslims! You are also a servant of Allah. You shall answer to Allah tomorrow. Yet the person from whom you take legal opinion (fatwa) is the shaitan itself. You see, Iblis did not acknowledge Allah’s command. He did not deduce what is unknown from what is known. He did not do qiyās (deductive analogy). He considered his own opinion as qiyās (deductive analogy). He did not acknowledge the divine qiyās (deductive analogy), and the nass (canonical text). Thus, he did not acknowledge wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation). Allah had ordered him to perform sajdah (prostration). Allah had given news of the caliphate, and that Allah created a caliph. Allah ordered Iblis to respect the caliphate and the laws of the caliphate. Iblis did not acknowledge these. That is why he made a wrong qiyās (deductive analogy). Now, there are some poor folks who could not understand certain truths. They say today the fuqahā (fiqh experts) also perform qiyās (deductive analogy). The faqīhs perform ijtihad, and qiyās and they use what they know from Al-Quran Al-Karim to deduce what is unknown. There are certain conditions, and proofs required for qiyās (deductive analogy). He must abide by the reasons that essential divine commands have. That is the true qiyās (deductive analogy). The qiyās (deductive analogy) that our Islamic âlims (scholars) and faqīhs do is the exact opposite of what Iblis had done. For we perform qiyās (deductive analogy) by deducing the unknown things by using what we know from the verses and the decrees that Allah had introduced. The reasons of the primary divine decree are implemented into the unknown (ancillary) things. And they are wanted. That is why those who confuse these with one another have been wrong. At the same time, Iblis criticized the command of Allah, and abandoned amel. You see, the Iblis both criticized the divine command, and abandons amel. There are countless people in the situation of the Iblis today. What do the people who have no thought of abiding by Allah’s command say? They tell us to tailor Islam to them. Mister, are you a second divinity? Why should this nation follow you? The creator of this nation is Allah. The nation is obliged to abide by Allah and the laws of Allah, not you. Allah’s commands are above and beyond all ages. The dark mindset in your brain is the embodiment of outdatedness. You should see the darkness in your brain first and then criticize the divine commandments. The darkness of disbelief (kufr) has encompassed you and you escape from the light of belief (iman). And you call the light of belief (iman) darkness. Besides, that is how disbelief (kufr) attacks belief (iman). So, what does belief (iman) say to disbelief (kufr)? It says, come to belief (iman), and acknowledge Allah. Belief (iman) wishes to save people from disbelief (kufr). Belief (iman) is believing in the Savior, and commitment. Who is the Savior? The Savior is Allah. Belief (iman) is knowing Allah correctly. Belief (iman) occurs by acknowledging the laws and commands correctly. You acknowledge Allah via correct knowledge and you acknowledge (iqrār), and affirm tasdiq. That is why we say may Janâb-i Haqq protect us from the evil of these charred brains. May Allah protect the entire humanity even those people with charred brains themselves. May Allah protect humanity from their evil and may Allah save them from their own evil.
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For we must work for the better good of the humanity. Islam consists of nothing but what is good. The entirety of all Islamic values came for the better good of humanity, and for guidance. Islam came for make us reach the eternally blissful end and make us attain the blissful fate. Salah (prayer), felah (salvation), necah (to attain success) are all within the contexture of Islam. That is why a person should never attack Islam by looking at the behaviors of certain people and their mistakes such as not knowing Islam, or not living it correctly. Using their mistakes as an excuse in order to attack Islam is somewhat like attacking the sun by using the person who stands under an umbrella as an excuse. In the end, that is an assault on Allah. It does not matter if they know this, or not. Islam is a divine religion. The Quran is kalamullah (speech of Allah). Allah’s laws are Allah’s constitution. When you read the 50th verse of Surah al-Qaf, 76th verse of Surah al-Sad and 27th verse of Surah al-Baqarah you will attain many true (haqq) knowledges. [2:27] “alladhīna yanquḍūna ʿahda llāhi min baʿdi mīthāqihī…” [2:27] “Those who break the covenant made with Allah…” Dearest friends! The entire humanity had given a promise to Allah. We should not become one of the recanters. We should be genuine servants of Allah. The sultanate is with servitude to Allah. When you do not perform your servitude to Allah you will not be able to save yourself from being slaves of people, your nafs (self), and the Iblis. That is why our talks about the life-giving values will Insha ’Allah continue. We will continue to work for the better good of humanity as long as Allah favors us, and lets us. If we have mistakes, and someone notifies us about our mistakes, then we will be thankful. We even give rewards to the people who notify us of our mistakes. We will be delighted.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 16
We are on the side of truth. I would even applaud those who are hostile to us if I see the truth in their hands. I would also criticize my dearest friend I see the wrong in his hands. If someone reminds us of our mistakes, and shows us the truth I would appreciate that. I would also pray for them. Someone gossiped about venerable Hasan al-Basri. Hasan al-Basri, may Allah bless him, told his people to cook some halva and bring it to him. They said this to venerable Hasan al-Basri: ‘That man gossips about you, he talks all kinds of things’. Hasan al-Basri said each time he gossips he takes his sins from him; thus he is doing him great favors. “My halva is nothing compared to his favors, bring him the halva,” he says. You see, grand people recognize the truly grand one. They know that whatever they have comes from Allah who has inaam (gift, reward), and ihsan (favor). They accept all things come from Allah. Muhammad, who is the greatest prophet sleeps on a rush mat. But he always looked up to arş-i ala (the ninth heaven), and Māqam-i Mahmud. His heart’s eye was open. He would speak about Janna (Paradise), and sometimes the curtains before his eyes would reveal Janna (Paradise), and he would narrate. Sometime the curtains would reveal Jahannam (Hell), and he would narrate it. You see, people who are like a single drop of water in the ocean of truth, and those who accept themselves as this surely know about the owner of the ocean. They know who created that drop of water. They do not attribute anything to themselves. You see, the position that we call fanāfillah (absorption in Allah) is the name of commitment to Allah by disposing of all ego and wrongdoings. You exist as long as Allah sustains you. You are nothing if Allah destroys you. You are under the command of Allah. You belong to Allah, there is no other way. That is why one of the preeminent laws of worship when it comes to servitude to Allah is sajdah (prostration). Its lexical meaning is to bow down with submission. It is the opposite of conceit. In the religious context it is putting your forehead to the ground. It is the utmost form of submission, and tazim (exaltation). So, it means tazim (exaltation). It is reverence to Allah’s grandness. It is a complete form of tazim (exaltation). It is the highest and greatest form of submission. It is submission to Allah. To perform sajdah (prostration) before anyone except Allah is disbelief (kufr), do not forget that. Now, we had previously mentioned what kind of a sajdah was the sajdah of the angels. We will continue to convey information regarding this matter. Sajdah cannot be performed for a servant. You can only show compassion or reverence to a servant. As for the sajdah of worship, it is done for Allah. So, what about the sajdah of the angels? Theirs’s is abidance at heart. Theirs’s is a metaphor. As a necessity of caliphate, the angels acknowledged Adam with an actually state of acknowledgement with a divine commandment. This is more appropriate. To respect Adam is to worship Allah. In other words, the divine laws .and the laws of caliphate given to Adam were Allah’s laws. To respect these and respecting the entirety of all divine commandments is worship to Allah.
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So, their sajdah was not performed in order to worship Adam. To respect Adam is to worship Allah. That is a service to the position of caliphate, and being appointed for aid. Please listen carefully for these are important. That is a service to the caliphate and being appointed fo aid. That is bound with ahd (covenant) Dearest friends! The laws of caliphate are completely divine. We need to be in the service of all these laws and we must follow these laws, that is why we all have duties here. You see, one should be in service of these laws with pleasure, and be a of aid. The commandment about the aspect of the sajdah that related to the servant is that. As for the sajdah to Allah, that is worship. For worships can only be performed for Allah. That sajdah was the commandment of service to the caliphate. So, what does ‘being in service of the caliphate’ mean? That would be implementing the divine order that Allah introduced on earth. People should do whatever duties they are given, that is the service . As for the angels, they are already under the command of Allah. They have acknowledged the caliphate. Therefore, they have accepted to be in service. That is why they accepted the command right away, and performed sajdah. They performed sajdah. So, it is a commandment to serve the divine order, and caliphate. Sajdah is not a worship done for Adam. Everyone should learn this well, and never forget. That sajdah is for tazim (exaltation), greeting, and reverence. So, that is a sajdah of greeting and reverence. That is like when Ya’qub (Jacop) and his sons did sajdah before Joseph (Yusuf). So, they performed a sajdah of greeting . That is not a sajdah of worship. Humanity is a grand community of brothers. All people are servants of Allah. Thus we are all children of Adam and Hawwa (Eve). Therefore, the humanity is a grand community of brothers and sisters, and they should live like so. That is carrying out the decrees, commands, and laws of Allah. We are all servants of Allah. If so, then we should implement the decrees, commands, and laws of Allah, right? We are a community of brothers and sisters. Those who object to the divine command and the caliphate are sided with Iblis. They should not fall into the situation where Iblis was in. A person switches to the side of Iblis when he refuses to acknowledge the divine laws. Then they fall into the situation where Iblis was in. May Allah not allow us fall into that situation. Our lesson, our life-giving lesson will insha ’Allah continue. Right now this lesson is the 16th lesson. May Janâb-i Haqq make us servants who know the eternal and life-giving order, and live it.
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