Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 151-157

Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 130-136

Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 130

 

On the 44th – 46th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

 

I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

 

The hodja is reciting the 44th and 45th verses of Surah Al-Nisa [4].

“Sadaqa Allah al-‚Azem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth).”

“Do you not see those who were given a share of the Book? They are purchasing misguidance, and wishing that you stray from the way.”

Who are they? See, they are the Jews and Christians whom were given a share from the Book. The exceptions don’t break the rule, and Janâb-i Haqq is narrating their status.

“Allah knows your enemies very well, and Allah is sufficient as a true Friend, and sufficient is Allah as a Helper.”

The hodja is reciting an excerpt of the 45th verse of Surah al-Nisa [4].

The hodja is reciting the 46th verse of Surah Al-Nisa [4].

“Among the Jews there are some who distort the words in Allah’s Book from their original meanings, and by twisting their tongues and reviling the religion (din), they say, ‘We heard and we disobeyed. Do hear us, may you turn dumb.”

The hodja is reciting an excerpt of the 46th verse of Surah al-Nisa [4].

“’Look at us,’ they were saying. Had they said, “We heard and obeyed,’ and ‘Hear, and look at us,” surely it would have been better for them, and more suitable. But Allah cursed them for their disbelief (kufr), they don’t believe, except a few.”

Dearest friends!

They have entered such a wrong path that they caused themselves, their generations, their descendants, and humanity into a truly great deprivation, they tried to cause this and conduce towards this. They have changed the words, meaning they had changed the words in the Torah. They were doing this to prevent people from becoming Muslims and recognizing Prophet Muhammad. They were playing word games by changing the words in Torah that announced our Prophet, such as the words “reba” and “recm”.

They were deceiving themselves and their entourage, preventing people from becoming Muslims. They have changed praise and respect into betrayal and curse by causing suspicion. They were using curse in the meaning of defamation. How could they betray Allah’s Book? How could they betray the Torah? They betrayed the Bible as well, in the same way. This way they harmed themselves and humanity. See, there are few believers of true faith especially among the Jews.

 

Time Stamp: 5:00

 

Janâb-i Haqq announced they will become tams. The mufassirs have interpreted this word as ape-faced. That said, according to a narration that came from Ibn Abbas (r.a.), it is interpreted as turning into monstera deliciosa or animal nails, and becoming blind. But there are many reasons that they have turned into this. One of the reasons is that they say [2:80] “The Fire shall not touch us except a number of days,” and that they say [5:18] “We are Allah’s children and Allah’s beloved ones.” Then again, the Jews had said, “We are like children, sinless,” to our Prophet, and then the 50th verse came, and other verses of the Quran that say “Even if they had no other sins, these sins would be enough,” came.

This is why, dearest friends, it is surely an obligation upon every Muslim to understand the words of Allah Ta’ala correctly, and to believe properly.

See, what did they do by twisting their tongues and changing the words? They have ruined their iman (faith), and wanted to prevent others from becoming Muslims. Meaning, they have earned new sins to add to the piles of sins they already had. They have earned sin upon sin. They have brought shame; and humanity should understand these truths from now on, their games should be nullified, and people should not fall victim to their games.

 

Time Stamp: 7:04

 

–          The End        –

 

Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 131

 

On the 47th – 48th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

 

I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Astaizu billah:

 

The hodja is reciting the 44th and 45th verses of Surah Al-Nisa [4].

“Sadaqa Allah al-‚Azem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth).”

“O, you who have been given the Book!”

Meaning, the Jews, the Christians, and the Muslims who don’t understand Al-Quran Al-Karim correctly.

“Come and believe in this Book which we have sent down, confirming the Torah which is with you, before We efface faces and turn them on their backs or We curse the Jews as We cursed companions of the Sabbath. Otherwise, Allah’s command will surely be executed.”

“Surely, Allah (c.c.) does not forgive that partners be associated with Allah, but Allah forgives other sins except that for whomsoever Allah wills. Whoever associates partners with Allah will surely have slandered via a truly tremendous sin.”

So, if you are curious about the polytheism that the Jews had done, they said that they were ahl-o-ayal, children, and friends of Allah. Their polytheism is that they say they are ahl-o-ayal (children) of Allah, they call Uzair son of Allah, and they deny the Quran, Prophet Muhammad, the Bible, and Isa (Jesus).

 

Time Stamp: 2:36

 

–          The End        –

 

 

Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 132

 

On the 49th – 50th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

 

I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

The hodja is reciting the 49th and 50th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

“Sadaqa Allah al-‚Azem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth).”

“Do you not see those who claim themselves as pure? No, only Allah purifies whomsoever Allah wishes. And they will not be wronged even as much as a hair on a date-seed.”

See, everyone will get what they deserved. They will receive bounties and grace as rewards for their belief (iman) and good deeds (amal-e-saleh). On the other hand, in return of disbelief (kufr) and polytheism (shirk) they will receive the complete divine justice, which is Jahannam (Hell). This is because there is no forgiveness for polytheism (shirk). See, Allah does not have partners, equals, or peers. Allah does not have sons or daughters, but servants (qul). There is no creator other than Allah. This is why ascribing sons or daughters to the Creator, and claiming that Allah has begotten, is a tremendous slander and polytheism (shirk).

This is why the verse says: “See how they invent lies about Allah. It is sufficient as a manifest sin,” said Janâb-i Haqq, and commanded:

The hodja is reciting the last part of the 50th verse of Surah al-Nisa [4].

 

Time Stamp: 1:42

 

–          The End        –

 

Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 134

 

On the 51st – 58th verses of Surah al-Nisa [3].

 

I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Astaizu billah:

The hodja is reciting the 51st, 52nd, 53rd, 54th, and 55th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

“Sadaqa Allah al-‚Azem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth).”

“Do you not see those who were given a share of the Book (literacy)? They believe in idols and the Shaitan, and they say for those who disbelieve in Allah: ‘These are better guided than the believers.’ Those are the ones who have been cursed by Allah, and you can never find any helper for whoever is cursed by Allah.”

“Or is there a share for them of the Kingdom (al-Mulk)? If there was, then they would not give the people even as much as the speck on a date seed.”

See, if they had, they would not give people even as much as the speck on a date seed.

“Or are they jealous of the people for what Allah gave them from Allah’s bounty and generosity? Surely, We have given the Book and the wisdom to the family of Ibrahim (Abraham), and We gave them a great mulk (i.e., kingdom), and sultanate.”

See, “Some of those Jews believed in him, and some of them turned away from him. The Fire of Jahannam (Hell) is sufficient for those who disbelieved.”

The hodja is reciting the 56th verse of Surah al-Nisa [4].

“Indeed, We will soon make those who disbelieved in Our signs enter a Fire. We will give them other skins as their skins are roasted, so that they may taste the punishment. For Allah is truly All-Mighty (al-Aziz), All-Wise (al-Haqim).

The hodja is reciting the 57th verse of Surah al-Nisa [4]

Dearest friend!

Here, there are many glad tidings that come one after another, and on the other side there is a truly severe punishment in return of disbelief (kufr).

“And those who believe and do good deeds, We will admit them in Gardens (Jannah) with streams running from underneath them, and they will abide therein forever. There are pure spouses for them in it, and We will admit them in the thick shade.”

The hodja is reciting the 58th verse of Surah al-Nisa [4].

“Allah (c.c.) orders you to render the trusts to their owners, and to judge with justice when you judge between the people.

 

Time Stamp: 5:00

 

Allah advises you excellently with it. Indeed, Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing.”

Now, let us endeavour to clarify these glorious verses for a little bit. Dearest friends, as you know, Jewish Huyay ibn Akhtab and Ka’b ibn al-Ashraf had gone to Mecca with 70 cavalrymen and they had structed a deal by worshipping idols, and they had broken the agreement they had with our Prophet. They claimed idolatry superior to believers.

See, Janâb-i Haqq is giving a message to humanity through these verses, and says: “Do not ever be pleased with disbelief (kufr).” Whoever sees the disbelief (kufr) of the disbeliever (kāfir) above the belief (iman) of the believer (mu’min) is a disbeliever (kāfir).

Janâb-i Haqq is announcing the situation here to the servants (qul). That said, there is Janna (Paradise) in return of belief (iman), and good deeds (amal-e-saleh), there is a lovely shade. There are bounties and bliss for them.

The hodja is reciting an excerpt of the 57th verse of Surah al-Nisa [4].

Meaning there are deep shadows.

Now, another concept mentioned in the verses that I have read is Trust, so let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said.

See, it is requisite to be chaste and honourable in order to be completely trustworthy and to preserve what is entrusted by Allah. So, what does entrustment mean? Every command in Islam, or rather every command of Allah is an entrustment. These are entrusted to the everyone who consider themselves people, because Islam was sent for all humanity. Those who preserved this entrustment are saved, but those who betrayed it are doomed.

Man is the custodian and viceroy of Allah. Please note, man is the custodian and viceroy of Allah.

Editor’s note: The last statement means that Allah has entrusted the commands to men and appointed them as viceroys or caliphs on earth.

Now, what does a custodian and viceroy mean? See, it means a completely trustworthy person, whom you can trust, and he also gives confidence to others. Men have borne this duty. Men have borne this entrustment.

So, just see the 72nd verse of Surah al-Ahzab [33].

Astaizu billah:

The hodja is reciting the 72nd verse of Surah al-Ahzab [33].

Now, what does Janâb-i Haqq say in this verse of the Quran?

“We have offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains, but they refused to bear it, and they were apprehensive of it, but the man bore it,” said Janâb-i Haqq.

The hodja is reciting the last section of the 72nd verse of Surah al-Ahzab [33].

“Indeed, man is very cruel, and very ignorant,” says Allah.

You bore what is entrusted, so preserve it. See, the heavens and the earth, and the mountains feared and abstained from it, but man bore it, and he did not fulfil his obligation. It is because humans did not fulfil their duty that humans are cruel and ignorant. That is, humans who do not fulfil their obligation, who do not preserve what is entrusted with them. So, how can one preserve what is entrusted? See, you may believe in Islam as a whole, and affirm (tasdiq) it with your heart, and confess (iqrar) with your tongue, and obey all divine commandments, and fulfil what the command necessitates through obedience and worship.

 

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That way you will have protected the entrustment. Otherwise, don’t forget that you are betraying! So, rule with justice, and do not follow your desire! Now, what is one of the greatest acts of betrayal to the entrustment, in the 26th verse of Surah al-Sad [38]? Those who do not rule with justice and follow their desires are great betrayers and great tyrants.

See, Janâb-i Haqq says the following in the aforementioned verse.

The hodja is reciting an excerpt of the 26th verse of Surah al-Sad [38].

Allah says: “So, judge between people with justice, and do not follow desire.”

O, my brother! Don’t you see what humanity has been doing? The application of the laws and decrees of Allah is an obligation, meaning all limbs have obligations. That is, all our limbs have certain obligations, and they have duties. See, iman (belief) and jihād (struggle) comes first. A Muslim must adopt iman (belief), jihād (struggle), namāz (prayer) and irfan (wisdom), right away.

Now, the following hadith is narrated on the authority of Ibn-i Mesud (r.a.). It was narrated on the authority of Ibn-i Umar as well.

“The obligations (fards), necessities (wajibs), customs (sunnah), wudu (partial ablution), ghusl (full ablution), namāz (prayer), fasting, and zakat (poor-dues) are all entrustments, one by one. Protecting the reproductive organ is also an entrustment. See, Janâb-i Haqq has forbidden all ways that lead to zinā (unlawful sexual relation). Janâb-i Haqq also forbids the ways that lead to zinā. Protecting the reproductive organ is an entrustment. So, the remedy for this is to get married in a lawful way.

It is possible to abundantly benefit from all the bounties of Allah Ta’ala in a legitimate manner. See, whatever the innate nature or fitrah necessitates have been placed in Islam in a lawful manner, and spread across the heavens and the earth and in the mercy (rahmat), and every corner of the world is filled to brim with halal things. However, if you abandon the halals and do zinā, then you are using your reproductive organ in a haram or sinful manner. Why don’t you get married in a halal or lawful manner?

Now, what is the greatest blessing of Janâb-i Haqq in this universe? What is the greatest bounty in the totality of existence? See, it is women for men and men for women, for they are created in pairs.

See, it is by marriage or nikah that Janâb-i Haqq tied women to men and men to women through the ties of belief (iman) and love of Islam. Allah tied a knot between men and women, and this knot is the know of iman and Islam. This is an unbreakable deadlock, tied with love, with iman – belief, and with the Quran. This is how the foundations of intact families have been laid. Now, each and every organ has its obligations, and their obligations are entrustment. Rights and laws, along with trade, and the rulership of the rulers by justice are also entrusted. See, the rulers who do not govern with justice are treacherous traitors who betray the entrustment if they don’t preserve the entrustment. See, everyone has their duties they must fulfil, and don’t forget that their obligations or duties are entrusted.

 

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That said, it is an entrustment that alims (Islamic scholars) should convey correct information, and they are traitors if they don’t. That said, it is an entrustment that people should obey them, for obedience to what is right and just is necessary. It is necessary to follow those who rule according to the commands and decrees of Allah. The rights of husbands and wives are entrustment, one by one. Also, education (tarbiya) of the children, public rights, positions and chairs are entrustments, one by one. Leadership, guardianship, admonition, and legal opinion (fatwa) are also entrustments. The entirety of all duties, and obligations upon people are also entrustments.

See, you have to fulfil your obligation in the best possible manner, and so are we. The maintenance of The Kaaba is also an entrustment. Back then, the obligation was upon Uthman Ibn Talha, but it was given to her sibling Shayba, and the maintenance of the Kaaba Shareef is entrusted to their descendants today.

That is, the maintenance of Kaaba Shareef has been done by the descendants of Shayba. It is commanded that the rulers must rule with justice and people must obey them, this command is also an entrustment. You must obey the command, and fulfil the necessities of the command. Bear that in mind! It is commanded that the rulers must rule with justice and people must obey them. That said, it is important to know which ruler should be obeyed.

Our Prophet says the following in a hadith-i sharif narrated by Bukhari Shareef and Kutub al-Sittah:

The hodja is reciting the original text of the hadith.

“There is no obedience to any living creature in regards to rebelling Allah.”

In Islam, obedience to Allah is essential. If there will be rebellion against Allah when you obey someone, then there is no obedience to anyone where people rebel against Allah. Because by obeying that person you will have rebelled against Allah, and what will you say if they ask you, “Who is your Rabb (Lord)?”

There another narration from our Beloved Prophet that goes: “What is good and beneficial is obeyed.”

Now, let’s say a person is offering you something evil and harmful, and asks you to obey, but he is offering you something evil, wrong, and harmful. You would not do his bidding because you should only obey what is good and beneficial, and there is no obedience to what is harmful.

Also, do not forget the word, “minkum – مِنكُمْ”. The 59th verse says, “Those with authority among you.”

The hodja is reciting the original text of the verse.

Do not forget this!

The word, “those with authority among you,” the verse says. The verse says, “among you,” but who are they I wonder? See, obedience to non-believers is not necessary (wajib). The leaders must be believers who know Al-Quran Al-Karim because the Book says, “among you” while addressing the believers.

If there is an agreement, it should be obeyed. That is, if there is an agreement between a Muslim and a non-Muslim, then it should be obeyed. But do not ever bow down to taghuts (false gods)! So, what is a taghut (false god)? What is cibit (magic)? You should know these well! Do not ever bow down to or obey the taghuts (false gods).

 

Time Stamp: 19:55

 

The following is a narration from Al-Tabari. In a narration from Al-Tabari, it is said that our Prophet (asw) repeated the word “obedience” three times and said, “There is imtihān (trial) in obedience.” “Had Allah willed, Allah would always give the command to the Prophets.”

This was a narration from Al-Tabari.

In another source written by Al-Suyuti, there is a narration that came from Abu Hurairah in which our beloved Prophet says: “After me, governors will govern you with their goods and bads. Obey those who follow the truth (haqq), and perform namāz (prayer) behind them. If they do good then it is for your benefit, and if they do evil then it is for their detriment,” he said.

In a narration that comes from Abdullah ibn Umar, our beloved Prophet (asw), radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain, said: “It is an obligation upon the Muslim to obey. Whether you like it or not, there is no obedience to the sin, and there is no obedience to he who commands obeying the sin,” bear this in mind!

There is no obedience to the sin because Almighty Allah says: “Do good deeds, but don’t commit sins.” There is a clear command from Allah saying that you should not commit sin. But they come and command you to do sinful things. You cannot do it, no matter who says what.

The 151st and 152nd verses of Surah al-Shu’ara say: “There is no obedience to the corrupt.” Janâb-i Haqq has placed the absolute command here.

Then again, regarding ulū al-amr (lit. those vested with authority): It is said that ulū al-amr (lit. those vested with authority) are the Rashidun Caliphs, and the governors who follow them and command the truth, and just governors.

It is Abus Suud who conveyed the aforementioned report.

Then again, obedience to wrongdoers (zalimun) is not necessary (wajib).”

Now, one of our mufassirin or people like Elmalılı say: “Go further and fare worse,”

Editor’s note: “Geldi kafiye gitti safiye,” is a Turkish proverb that is similar to go further and fare worse.”

Now, please pay attention. Now it is said that you may want to go further but you may fare worse, so be cautious. Meaning, let’s say you are not satisfied with the current situation and went further, but you may fare worse, so what is important here? See, what is important is to rule with justice. This is what is underlined here. Fakhr al-Din al-Razi says that obedience to the ahlul ijmā is necessary. So, who are the ahlul ijmā? See, they are the provisions set forth by the mujtahids, and the mujtahids themselves. He says that they are the ulū al-amr (lit. those vested with authority).

It is necessary to obey the mujtahids, and obey the consensus (ijmā). For ijmā (consensus) is the third fundamental source of Islam. The 83rd verse of Surah al-Nisa [4] says: “Had they referred it to those vested with authority among them.” So, who are those vested with authority? They are the people who have knowledge (ilm). Meaning, the scholars who are at the level of the mujtahids are those vested with authority. Also, the Rashidun Caliphs, and the military commanders have been considered among ulū al-amr (lit. those vested with authority). But of course, what shall those commanders do? They shall command their own battalions and armies.

 

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As for the caliphs themselves, they are the head of the state. I think everybody knows the Rashidun Caliphate. The name of the 4 caliphs is al-Khulafāʾu ar-Rāshidūn. These four are Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. Radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. These are the “Rightly Guided” caliphs, and they are completely Ulū al-Amr (lit. those vested with authority).

Now, about the dispute between Ammar and Khalid ibn al-Walid. When Khalid ibn al-Walid was a military commander, Ammar had vouched for someone, and Khalid had objected to him.

May Allah (c.c.) be pleased with all of them.

Our Prophet (asw) said, “Do not object to your superior,” to Ammar, but he also let Ammar to vouch. Meaning, the superiors need to know their place; the officers need to know their place.

See, everyone needs to know their status, this goes for both the commanders and the officers. Nobody should overstep their bounds randomly, they should not exceed the bounds, and what is requisite and legitimate should be done.

Refer your disputes to Al-Quran Al-Karim, the Sunnah, ijmā (consensus), and qiyās (analogical reasoning). Solve the disputes among yourselves through the Quran, the Sunnah, ijmā (consensus), and qiyās (analogical reasoning). Also, refer to ulū al-amr (lit. those vested with authority). So, always find someone who knows.

See, the ulū al-amr (lit. those vested with authority) are those who know what is right and real (haqq and haqiqa) and implement it.

Now, do not go to the court of taghut (false gods), and it is stated that those do are hypocrites. Now, what does taghut mean? Taghut encompasses those who make people worship themselves, those who object to the command of Allah, those who reject the divine laws and force people to worship themselves; whoever makes people worship himself is a taghut, no matter who he is.

So, do not ever apply to the courts of taghuts, and do not forget that those who do are the hypocrites!

Now, about that: Umar (r.a.) had beheaded a hypocrite once. Then, Jibril (a.s.) came and said that Umar is Farooq. So, our Prophet said, “You are Farooq”. Prophet Muhammad said, “You are Farooq,” to Umar. Now, let us go into the details of it.

This is a matter between a Jew and a hypocrite, meaning someone who looks like a Muslim. He was actually a hypocrite, but looks like a Muslim, but these people are worse than non-Muslims.

Now, it is said that there was a matter between the two. The Jew suggested going to Prophet Muhammad and be pleased with whatever he decides. See, the Jew said that they should go to Prophet Muhammad and be pleased with whatever he decrees but the hypocrite was not pleased with the decree of the Prophet, or the decree of the Quran even though he said he was a Muslim. So, after that the Jew suggested going to Abu Bakr, but later the hypocrite suggested going to Umar.

The Jew agreed, and they went to Umar. They say, “We have a matter like this, so judge between us and we will be pleased with what you decree.”

Now, the Jew said: “We went to the Prophet but this one did not accept the decree of the Prophet. We were going to Abu Bakr, but he did not accept him, but he accepted yours and I accept too, so this is why we came to you.”

 

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Now, Umar asked the hypocrite: “Did you not accept the decree of the Prophet?”

He said, “No, I did not. But I will accept yours.”

“Is that so,” said Umar, “Both of you, wait over there.”

He went outside and equipped his sharp sword and came back in, and beheaded the hypocrite. And the Jew started panicking and ran, but Umar told him to stay.

“And this here is my decree,” said Umar. He said that this was his decree for those who don’t accept the judgement of the Messenger of Allah.

And then these verses revealed, and Jibril (a.s.) came. He said, “Umar is Farooq.” Then, Prophet Muhammad said, “O, Umar! You are Farooq.”

Editor’s note: The word “Farooq” means he who distinguishes between right and wrong.”

Friends, we see the execution of a judgement here. This is how Umar executes judgement for someone who does not accept the decree of Allah and the Messenger.

Now, in these verses it is stated that those who are hypocrites.

Now, if you pay close attention, where does a person who defies the decrees of Allah want to go? He wants to seek the judgement of taghuts (false gods). This is why while believers seek the judgement of our Prophet, the hypocrites don’t want to go to him. Rather they want to go to oracles, or the extortionist Jew Ka’b ibn al-Ashraf. And this is because he takes bribes. Ka’b ibn al-Ashraf was a Jewish leader, and he was also a rabbi. In the end, some Jews knew that their own leader and rabbi was a bribe-taking judge and that he did not judge justly. That is why they came to our Prophet, because they knew he would judge justly.

There are these kinds of people too. The hypocrites wanted to seek judgement of others, they wanted to go to oracles, and give bribes, and go to courts where they know they can get something for themselves unjustly. The hypocrites were seeking that kind of judgement. As for the believers, they side with the direct manifestation of divine justice.

Now, about those who don’t defend their religion and home. Now, it is said that those who don’t defend their religion and home have wronged them and themselves. See, those who don’t rule with justice are always the wrongdoers. This is why we say if there is no justice, then there is tyranny or zulm. That said, there cannot be peace where there is tyranny or zulm.

There has to be justice and a deterrent force in order to ensure peace.

The saying that goes, “If you want peace, prepare for war,” is a well-known one. See, being prepared is the guarantee of peace. So, no matter where you are, always seek the needy and help them, and stand against tyranny or zulm. This is the mark of Islam, the Quran, and iman (belief). This is the mark of the believer. You have to stand against tyranny or zulm, do not forget this!

 

Time Stamp: 34:40

 

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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 134

 

On the 59th – 70th verses of Surah al-Nisa [3].

 

I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Astaizu billah:

The hodja is reciting the 59th verse of Surah Al-Nisa [4].

“Sadaqa Allah al-‚Azem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth).”

“O you who believe!”

Say, Al-Quran Al-Karim is my Book, my religion is Islam, and my Prophet is Muhammad. Almighty Allah is One in Allah’s Being, Allah’s attributes (sifāt), and Allah’s doings (af’al). Allah has sent down Islam to Prophet Muhammad.

O, those who say they have believed in Islam as a whole!”

“O you who believe! O, believers (mu’min). O, Muslims! Obey Allah, and obey the Prophet, and obey those among you who have authority. Then if you disagree in anything, and if you believe in Allah and the Last Day, then refer it to Allah and the Messenger.”

Meaning, refer it to Al-Quran Al-Karim, and the Sunnah, ijmā (consensus), and qiyās (analogical reasoning).

“That is much better, and more favourable in outcome.”

Friends, do not ever forget these commands of Almighty Allah, never object to any of them. Study them, and do not forget them, and act upon them; obey and worship. Confess your powerlessness to the extent of your ability. Confess your heedlessness and ignorance. Always bow down to Allah, but don’t bow down to anyone else. For example, always stand upright against disbelief (kufr), and be steadfast against cruelty (zulm). However, always bow down before Janâb-i Allah, and side with what is true, right and real.

Astaizu billah:

 

The hodja is reciting the 60th, 61st, 62nd, 63rd, and 64th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

 

O, my friend! What does our Almighty Rabb (Lord) say? Listen well.

 

“Don’t you see them? They claim that they believe in what is revealed to you and what was revealed before you, but even though they were ordered to reject the taghuts (i.e., false gods), they still wish to seek the judgment of the taghuts (i.e., false gods). And the Shaitan wishes to mislead them astray in a way that they can never go back.”

 

Friends, pay close attention to these verses, and all other verses.

 

“When it is said to them, ‘Come to what Allah has revealed and to the Messenger!’ you see the hypocrites turning away from you in aversion.”

 

You see, the hypocrites say they are Muslims but when you say come to what Allah has revealed, and come to the Prophet, they escape.

 

Then, they start looking for taghuts (false gods). Do you see the status of those who seek taghuts (false gods)? They will be brought to the gathering (mahshar) with their taghuts (false gods).

 

“So how when a disaster befalls them for what their hands have done, they come to you right away and swear by Allah: ‘We did not intent to do anything except good and reconciliation.’ They are the ones whom Allah knows as to what is in their hearts. So, don’t mind them, and admonish them, and say to them penetrating words concerning their souls.”

 

Meaning, Janâb-i Haqq says to admonish the hypocrites as well, for Almighty Allah wants the salvation of everyone. Almighty Allah calls everyone to mercy (rahmat), forgiveness, and Janna (Paradise), but the hypocrites are resisting, the deniers and polytheists are resisting. But of course, those who are guided by Allah become Muslims. So, with that said let us see what Janâb-i Haqq says in the next two verses.

 

 

Time Stamp: 6:35

 

The hodja is reciting the 65th and 66th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

 

“Almighty Rabb (Lord) says: “We did not send any Messenger but to be obeyed by the permission of Allah. Had they come to you when they wronged themselves, and pleaded to Allah for forgiveness, and the Messenger had pleaded for forgiveness for them, then surely they would have found Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

 

“No, by your Rabb, it is not like what they know. Until they make you an arbitrator in the controversial affairs between them, and submit to your decree in full submission without finding in themselves any discomfort regarding it, they will not have believed.”

 

So, it means that belief (iman) does not come cheap. You have to submit to all decrees set forth by Allah and the Messenger without finding any discomfort in yourself. Your heart has to fully acknowledge (tasdiq) it with every fibre of its being, and your tongue shall utter it (iqrar). You have to try to do good deeds (amal-e-saleh) with pleasure. Janâb-i Haqq said that they will have believed only after that, and otherwise they will not have believed.

 

“Had we prescribed for them: ‘Kill yourselves,’ or ‘Leave your homes,’ they would not have done it except for a few among them. But had they done what they were advised, surely it would have been better for them, and stronger.”

 

Janâb-i Haqq is giving the best advice, admonition, and lessons to the servants (qul). The Quran is a murshid (teacher) that guides humanity in the best way.

 

That said:

 

Time Stamp: 9:44

 

 

The hodja is reciting the 67th, 68th, 69th, and 70th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

 

Janâb-i Haqq said: “And then We would have surely given them a great reward from Ourselves. And We would have surely guided them to the straight (or right) way.”

 

If only had they listened to advice, and obeyed. If only had they believed in the Islamic commands that Allah Ta’ala brought forth.

 

“And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, they will be with those whom Allah has bestowed upon them Allah’s favour – the Prophets, and the truthful (siddiq), and the martyrs, and the righteous. And excellent companions are they!”

 

Do you see this glad tiding? Do you see the glad tiding that those who obey Allah and the Messenger receive? It is said that they will be with the Prophets, the truthful (siddiq), the martyrs, and the righteous, and such excellent companions they are! You can be with the Prophets, what more do you want? Allah said that you can be with the truthful or siddiq people, along with the martyrs and the righteous, and that they are such excellent companions they are.

 

[4:69] “And excellent companions are they!” said Allah.

 

[4:70] “This is the grace of Allah (c.c.) and sufficient is Allah (c.c.) as All-Knower.”

 

 

Time Stamp: 12:05

 

 

–          The End        –

 

 

Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 135

 

I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Dearest friends!

Let us talk a little bit more about the contents of the verses and the concepts of entrustment and competence (ahliyat).

After the Conquest of Mecca, Uthman ibn Talha was not willing to hand over the keys of the Kaaba to our Prophet. See, Uthman ibn Talha was taking care of Kaaba al-Shareef when it was cleansed of idols when Mecca was saved from idolaters.

He went up to the roof and did not want to hand over the key. Ali twisted his hand and took the key. He opened the door of Kaaba. Our Prophet went inside and performed a two rakat namāz (prayer), and when he got, our Prophet said, “O Ali! Give the key back, and apologize.” Ali handed over the key and apologized.

The hodja is reciting the 58th verse of Surah al-Nisa [4].

He recited the 58th verse of Surah al-Nisa.

This verse was revealed, and Uthman ibn Talha naturally confused, because the keys were taken from him by force. They were given back, and the Kaaba was conquered, the idols were broken, and then they gave the key back to him, and he even got an apology. Uthman ibn Talha became a Muslim at the spot. Our Prophet (asw) said: “O, Sons of Talha! Take this key to hold onto it forever, and none except the wrongdoers (zalimun) will take it from you.” This narration comes from Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and Al-Wahidi. There is Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and Al-Wahidi in the sources of this hadith.

Now, let us talk a little bit more about the situation of seeking the judgement of taghuts, and seeking divine justice. There was hypocrite named Bishr who portrayed himself as a Muslim. See, the hypocrites always portray themselves as Muslims, and they say they are Muslims, but if you observe their doings, they have no correlation whatsoever with Islam.

The hypocrite called Bishr and a Jew decided to apply to an arbitrator over a disagreement.

The Jew said: “Let Muhammad be the judge.”

As for the hypocrite called Bishr, he wanted to go to the taghut, meaning Ka’b ibn al-Ashraf and let him decide.

This is important, the Jew insisted on seeking Muhammad’s judgment. Then, they went to our Prophet, and our Prophet informed them of his judgement.

The hypocrite did not accept.

See, he was a hypocrite who called himself a Muslim and portrayed himself as a Muslim, and he was a traitor. He did not accept the judgement of the Messenger of Allah, but the Jew did.

Then, this time they visited Umar for his judgement. They both accepted his arbitratorship. The Jew explained the situation, said that they went to Muhammad and he accepted his judgement but this one did not accept it.

Umar asked the hypocrite, “Did he speak the truth?”

The hypocrite said, “Yes.”

Umar said, “Will you accept my judgement?”

The hypocrite said, “Yes, I will.”

Umar told them to wait, and he went inside to pick up his sharp sword, and then he came in and beheaded the hypocrite, and said that this is his judgement for he who does not accept the decree of Allah.

 

Time Stamp: 5:06

 

There is Al-Kashshaaf and Al-Qurtubi in the source of this hadith. See, it is said in Al-Qurtubi and Al-Kashshaaf that the 60th verse was revealed later. See, there is also a narration that suggests the epithet “Farooq” was given to Umar. Now, let us dwell on the concept of entrustment for a little bit due to its importance.

The rights of Allah and the servants (qul) are entrustment. See, all rights of Allah, and all commands of Allah, along with all rights of the servants (qul) such as namāz (prayer), fasting, Hajj (pilgrimage), zakat (alms-giving), atonements and others are all entrustments. Then again, there is Al-Kashshaaf, Al-Zamakhshari, and Ibn-i Kathīr in the source of these narrations.

See, all the rights upon the servants (qul) must be preserved. The rights of the servants (qul) that must be preserved are entrustments.

See, our Prophet (asw) is expressing how meticulous Islam is when it comes to the rights. Our Prophet expresses this, and Al-Quran Al-Karim expresses it too. So, bear this in mind!

Our beloved Prophet had received news of his death. Let us see what our Prophet said once he was informed that his time has come to its end, and he needs to walk towards that praised station called Al-Maqam Al-Mahmud. He was saying that he wanted to be with the Prophets, the truthful (siddiq), the martyrs, and the righteous (saleh) at his time of death, and actually he was given the option, but he wanted to meet with the Rabb (Lord).

This narration comes from Aisha.

If our Prophet wanted a long lifetime, maybe years and maybe centuries would be given to him, but he wanted to meet the Rabb (Lord) because he loved his Rabb (Lord) with every fibre of his being, and he was the Beloved of his Rabb (Lord).

This is why, dearest friends! If you want to put your lifetime to good use, which everyone should say, you should be busy with the greatest of all worship, and the greatest of all worship is jihād (struggle). Muslims should always be busy with jihād (struggle) and beneficial things.

 

Time Stamp: 8:40

 

–          The End        –

Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 136

 

On the 71st– 76th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

 

I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

The hodja is reciting the 71st, 72nd, 73rd, and 74th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

Dearest and most venerable friends,

Almighty Allah who wrote the prescription of immortal life is presenting this life-giving prescription of bliss to the servants (qul), and we are humbly endeavouring to interpret it to you.

Janâb-i Haqq commands:

“O you who believe! Take all manner of precautions against the enemy.” Have the most powerful defensive force in the world, which is necessary for peace and tranquillity in the world.

“And advance in small groups against them, or launch a full-scale campaign against them.”

Whatever the conditions require, be prepared according to it. Peace and security will be possible throughout the world when Muslims establish the Islamic peace and serenity in the world; because the heavens and the earth, along with the souls and heart, and the ecosystem and the world order needs the peace, serenity, social justice, and mercy of Islam. See, Islam is the manifestation of Allah’s mercy.

“Surely, there are some among you who lag behind. If a disaster befalls you, they say: ‘It was certainly Allah’s blessing that I did not accompany them!’.”

See, they have no idea whatsoever about the inner face of hikmat – hidden cause, and they are especially those whose inner worlds are distorted.

“But if a bounty or victory comes to you from Allah, they will surely say, as if there was no friendship between you and him: “Oh, I wish I had been with them so I could have attained a great attainment.”

See, when Muslims achieve a victory and attain great bounties then they wish they were Muslims, but if the opposite of that happens, they think differently. Why? Because they are not do what Islam necessitates. There is a materialistic and corrupted desire within him. There is a belief of nifaq – corruption, and he acts in accordance with it. As for Muslims, they act in accordance with the divine principles. The entirety of science and common sense (aql-e-saleem) happen through the divine principles. This is because one reality cannot object to another reality. The reality is always in unison, united, and a whole. They always verify each other.

 

Time Stamp: 5:20

 

“So, let those who sell the temporary life of the world for the everlasting afterlife fight in the way of Allah. Whoever fights in the way of Allah and gets killed or emerges victorious, in both cases We will give him a tremendous reward.”

It is such a tremendous reward that it is not possible for anyone to describe Allah Ta’ala called tremendous.

 

The hodja is reciting the 71st, 72nd, 73rd, and 74th verses of Surah al-Nisa [4].

 

Dearest friend!

Janâb-i Haqq commands: “And what is it with you that you don’t fight in the way of Allah in order to save the weak and miserable men, women and children who keep beseeching, “O, our Rabb! Bring us, these people from this cruel town, and send us a patron from You, and send us a saviour from You.”

“Those who have iman (faith) fight in the way of Allah, and those who deny fight in the way of taghuts (false gods). So, fight against the friends of the Shaitan. Indeed, the strategy of the Shaitan is weak.”

See, there are two types of fights in the world. One is fighting in the way of Allah in order to establish peace, tranquillity, and divine justice on earth and to save the entire humanity; this is the jihād (struggle) and fight of Islam for peace. The other wars are taghuti wars done for false deities, and they have no legitimate aspect.

 

Time Stamp: 8:29

 

–          The End        –

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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