Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 166-170
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 166
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
After we have given you the meanings of the 1st to 5th verses of Surah al-Maidah  partially, we will now give you valuable and esteemed notes that will serve as explanations of the verses. Now, Janâb-i Haqq had counted the things that are haram, one of them was الْمَيْتَةُ mayta and it wash was mentioned in the 3rd verse. Now, it is said that the animals that die without tazkiyah (slaughter) are haram. That is, an animal that was not properly sacrificed. See, if an animal was not sacrificed properly by following the procedures, then its flesh can’t be eaten, and it is haram. Janâb-i Haqq calls this الْمَيْتَةُ mayta, which means a dead animal that has not been slaughtered properly. Now, as you know the essential condition of tazkiyah (slaughter) is being a Muslim, or being an ahlul kitab (people of the book) at the very least. Otherwise, the sacrificial animals of the polytheists can’t be eaten. That said, a Muslim will start the slaughter by saying, “Bismillāhi Allah-u Akbar,” which is a necessity of being a Muslim.
Another thing that is haram is وَالْدَّمُ wa-d-damu, which means blood. Now, blood can’t be eaten as well, it is haram. Then again, لَحْمُ الْخِنْزِيرِ flesh of swine is dirty and it can’t be eaten ever. Pig itself is dirty, and its flesh is haram to eat, along with everything about it. See, its flesh is haram and everything made from it is haram. That said, the animals that have been sacrificed for someone other than Allah is haram, even if the butcher says, “Bismillāh.” Please pay attention now! The animals that have been sacrificed for someone other than Allah can’t be eaten if they are offered to someone other than Allah, even if the butcher says “Bismillāh.” Yes, they say “Bismillāh,” but they are also slaughtering the animal for someone other than Allah, therefore it can’t be eaten. There is also polytheism (shirk) in it.
There can’t be any other name besides Allah’s name. There are no partners, no peers, or no overseers of Allah. That said, you can’t eat the flesh of the animal even if you sacrifice it in the name of Prophet Muhammad. You can’t eat its flesh if you sacrifice it in the name of Isa (Jesus), Musa (Moses) or Ali. So, what should you do? You should say “Bismillāhi Allah-u Akbar,” and you should only mention Allah’s name. You can only sacrifice it for Allah, and other names mustn’t be involved. You see, you can’t eat the animals that are sacrificed in someone other than Allah’s name.
Even if the butcher says, “Bismillāh.” For someone else’s name is involved here. This is the situation if someone else is mentioned. Otherwise, if the animal is sacrificed only to Allah, for Allah’s pleasure, then it can be eaten. There is also the وَالْمُنْخَنِقَةُ wal-mun’khaniqatu animals which are died by drowning or suffocation. See, an animal died by drowning or suffocating, and it was not properly sacrificed, and the conditions of tazkiyah (slaughter) are not fulfilled. In that case it is haram. There is also وَالْمَوْقُوذَةُ wal-mawqūdhatu, which are the animals that is killed with a fatal blow. This is when an animal is fatally hit by someone or something in the head, and it was not sacrificed properly. You see, some people kill animals with a fatal hit, those animals can’t be eaten and they are haram. This is according to the religion of Islam and the glorious Quran, and surely science can’t afford revealing the hidden causes behind these harams. On the other hand, science may discover the reasons why they are haram to some extent.
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Yet they can’t find all the reasons, for it is Allah who set these rules. Allah knows best what will be for our benefit, and what will be harmful for us. It is Allah who knows this best. Pay attention if Allah calls something haram. That said, if you do what is haram then there is a clear rebellion against Allah, and there is complete loss.
Now, about the animals that die by falling, which are called, وَالْمُتَرَدِّيَةُ wal-mutaradiyatu. These are the animals that die by falling from high, they are also haram. Also, there are the animals that die by being gored to death by horns. Now, these are called وَالنَّطِيحَةُ wal-naṭīḥatu. So, if an animal dies by being gored to death by horns, then it is haram and it can’t be eaten. About the predators, it is said that their leftovers can’t be eaten. This is about the predators who are natural predators, not made predators; the ones that are innately predators that attack to kill. These animals are called السَّبُعُ sabuʿu. These are animals such as feral pigs, lions, tigers, wolves, dogs, hyenas, birds of prey and others. The flesh of animals that have an innate nature of killing can’t be eaten either. Their leftovers of these animals can’t be eaten. If an animal was killed by these, except the predators that are bred for hunting, can’t be eaten. That said, they eat the pigs that are killed by getting hit in the head as well.
Actually, Prophet Muhammad’s sharia (law) has renewed all past sharias (laws). There has never been a thing that pigs can be eaten in the previous sharia laws either.
An exception can’t be munqaṭiʻ (disconnected) and muttasil (cohesive). It being muttasil (cohesive) is possible, but it is not possible for it to be munqaṭiʻ (disconnected). And in this case it is muttasil (cohesive).
Now, Imam al-Malik, al-Layth, says that the throat-pipe, gullet, and carotid artery must be cut. That is, the conjecture of tazkiyah (slaughter) is being analysed by our mujtahids. Now, as you know tazkiyah means to slaughter. This is referred to with the word tazkiyah with a soft and lispily “z”. There is another word that is uttered with a rather sharp “z” which means tezekki. Their meanings are different. Those who confuse these two words often find themselves in error. There have also been some doctors who declared wrong statements for they couldn’t understand the meanings of these two words. Tazkiyah means to slaughter, and it has certain prerequisites about the section that should be cut, tool, piety, and basmala etc. That is, the name for properly slaughtering an animal is called tazkiyah. Now, the section that starts from the lower part of the neck and the jaw is called dewlap, which we call lebede or throat. Our Master (asw) said the following.
The hodja is reciting the original text of the hadith.
See, Al-Imam Al-Azam Abu Hanifa (r.a.) said, the lower, middle, and upper sections of it can be slaughtered. This way he explained the word of our Prophet about the section that should be cut. Then again, there is the wind-pipe, which is called hulgum. There is also the gullet, which is called meri canal, or meri.
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Now, the jugular veins are called awdaj. Now, these three things should be cut. The slaughter process will be completed properly when these are properly cut, and the one who cuts needs to do a good job, and he must be a Muslim or ahlul kitab (people of the book), and he must only mention Allah’s name during the process. The animal must be slaughtered only for Allah. We must not mix-in other people into the matter. Now, awdaj is the jugular veins, and hulgum is the wind-pipe, and then there is the gullet, they all must be cut. The Hanafites said the flesh of the animal is edible when most of these are cut. As for Abu Yusuf, who is among our esteemed mujtahids, he said that unless all pipes and one of the veins are cut, its meat is inedible. Then again, Imam al-Malik said that awdaj or jugular veins and the wind-pipe must be cut. As for al-Thawri, he said that the two pipes are enough. And Imam al-Shafi’i said it would be permissible (jaiz) if the two pipes are cut. The object or the knife should be sharp, and the animal should be slaughtered in a comfortable setting. Lay the animal down comfortably, and do not upset it, do not hurt it. Then again, it is said that slaughtering with teeth or nails is not permissible (jaiz). Now, let’s say you couldn’t find a knife, and used fixed teeth or nails to cut the animal. It is said that this is not permissible (jaiz). It is said that using an out of joint nail, claw, horn or a blunt knife, bone or teeth to slaughter an animal is makruh (disliked). Also, in terms of religiousness, the butcher must be Muslim or among ahlul kitab (people of the book), and must not wear iḥrām, and he must recite the basmala, and only mention Allah’s name during the process. That is, by saying “Bismillāhi Allah-u Akbar,” in the least. Now, tazkiyah (slaughter) does not clean what is dirty, rather saves what is clean from dying a dirty death. People need to pay attention to this. Then again, the tazkiyah we are mentioning here and tezekki which is mentioned in zakat have different meanings. Tazkiyah does not clean what is dirty, rather saves what is clean from dying a dirty death. We need to pay attention. Now, there is a mistake a doctor made in order to make Muslims eat pork. He claimed it is not straight-up dirty, but the dirt is due to its bowels, and that the microbe can be removed by science and chemistry. He claimed the pig may be cleansed from the dirt, but he confused the tazkiyah we have mentioned, with the word that is recited with a sharp “z”, and he could not spot the difference See, not only the microbe of the pig is haram, but also itself and its flesh are haram. Let’s say you removed the microbes, what will you do about the flesh? Janâb-i Haqq says its flesh is as dirty. Let’s say you removed the meat as well, then what is left? Nothing. That is why the divine revelation (wahy-i ilahi) may not be discovered entirely. What is stated in the revelation (wahy) is a command of Allah. See, revelations (wahy) are absolute decrees set forth by Allah.
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That is why we say science (ilm) may discover certain things, but as you can see it cannot discover everything. Even today there are so many things in the universe that are yet to be discovered. Science (ilm) can’t afford discovering all. However, if Islam, Al-Quran Al-Karim, the ayat (signs/verses) of the book, and the cosmological signs (ayat) are discovered well, then advancement will continue, insha ‘Allah Ta’ala.
That is why swine itself is entirely haram, and it is dirty. If you try to treat the flesh completely, then it will lose its nature, and it won’t be flesh anymore. See, the flesh of swine is also dirty. Using the word purification for tazkiyah is also wrong, and the doctor was wrong here. No matter what you do with swine, you cannot purify it. This is due to its creation, and Janâb-i Haqq, who created it personally says that it is straight-up dirty with its flesh and everything. Now, another one of the harams is nuṣub (stone altars), they may or may not be painted and decorated. These are stone altars, and Al-Quran Al-Karim calls them nuṣub and esnâm.
“Adl ibn Hakim came to visit our Prophet wearing a cross on his neck, and our Prophet told him to get rid of that idol hanging from his neck. They call that evsan akide, it may be made from a single piece, or lots of pieces. That is, it is not a must to have nuṣub and esnâm in numbers, even if there is a single one if it is a nuṣub and esnâm, then it is an idol. They would sacrifice animals for these stone altars, meaning they would sacrifice animals to the idols.
The religion of Islam, and the glorious Quran says those stone altars (nuṣub) are haram, whether they are decorated or not. See, some of them were painted and decorated. The animals that are sacrificed to these stone altars are haram, for they are sacrificed for idols. They would also sacrifice their animals and violate iḥrām, Janâb-i Haqq said this is also haram. There is polytheism in that.
Now, as for the source of this news, we can see Mujahid, Al-Qatada, and this is actually a narration that comes from Ibn-i Abbas. Radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. It is narrated that there were 360 of these idols. See, the number of idols was high, there were about 360 around Kaaba. They would spread these and place the meats on them. Now, the number is not important here, it may be 360, or 2 or 3. It does not matter, even if there is only one of them, or a fragment of one, an idol is still an idol. Also, the 37th verse of Surah al-Hajj  brings clarity to these matters. Sacrificing an animal for someone as veneration is haram, no matter in whose name it is, even if there is “basmala.” If you are sacrificing an animal in someone’s honour, and you are sacrificing the animal as a tribute, then the meat of that animal cannot be eaten. You can’t eat it whether there is “basmala” or not. The animals sacrificed for people are like the ones that are sacrificed for the idols. See, a man comes and he has a chair in a high place, and just because he has a high-position they sacrifice an animal for that man as tribute.
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See, they are sacrificing an animal in that person’s name, and if they are doing this for someone as tribute, then the meat of that animal can’t be eaten. The same goes for the animals sacrificed or the coming of a leader or a great figure. Their meats can’t be eaten because they are haram. See, a sacrificial animal is slaughtered only to Allah, for Allah without exception. You cannot fit in neither a chair, nor someone, nor a position, not even a Prophet, not even an Angel. See, there is nothing like Allah, and worship is done for Allah. If sacrificing an animal is a worship, and it actually is, then it must be done for Allah. It is the name of drawing closer to Allah. See, all worships are done to Allah, and you cannot place someone else in between, that is why you should pay attention to this matter. Now, this goes for animals sacrificed for elderly people or monasteries. If the animal is being sacrificed to an elderly person or a monastery by seeking their aid, then its meat can’t be eaten. A sacrificial animal can only be slaughtered for Allah. If you wish to remit the sawāb (reward), then it is something else, but one can only seek aid from Allah. You cannot ask servants (qul) for things you must ask from Allah. The things that can be asked from the servants (qul) are different. Even though the servant (qul) gives it to you, do not forget that it has been given to you by Allah. That is, don’t forget that it is Allah who creates all means, and that nobody can be attributed with a share of divinity. It is necessary to know that a mere servant (qul) cannot do what Allah shall do. However, it is permissible (jaiz) to sacrifice an animal for Allah and then offer its meat to your guests, and as sadaqah (alms) to give to the poor and needy. This is very important! The animal is being sacrificed only for Allah, and the meat is offered to the guests, the poor and needy. This is done as sadaqah (alms), but let me repeat, the animal is sacrificed for Allah. There is nobody else involved in the sacrifice. The guests may eat the meat, so can the poor and the needy, and so can others; they may all fest on the bounty. In this case, this is permissible (jaiz). There is no harm in that. That said, the only way of being saved from these dangers is to do the sacrifice only for Allah. Then again, let’s say they are sacrificing the animal only for Allah and they ran across an elderly man or a monastery and they are slaughtering the animal there, there is no harm in that on the condition that it is being sacrificed only for Allah, and you may remit all sawāb (reward) to the souls of all awliya. You may remit the sawāb (reward) to the souls of anyone, or you may remit it to the souls of all believers, there is no harm in that. However, you must do the worship only for Allah. If you do it by expecting something from an elderly or a monastery, or if you do it by expecting something from someone else, then a dangerous situation arises.
Friends, they would toss three dices for a chance game, and these were all implementations in the ignorance and idolatry periods, they were called something like chance dices, and there was a dice that says “do” or “don’t do”, and there was an empty name. The idolaters would play this game when an important affair comes up. Now, as the view of the public suggests, fortune telling was forbidden. Finding your luck through these dice were also forbidden. See, the religion of Islam forbade everything that is fallacy. It has closed all ways that lead to polytheism (shirk). That is why we need to pay attention to these. They would throw the seven dices when it comes to diyāt (blood money). For example, let’s say they have to give someone diyāt (blood money). They had arrows called elakli as well. Now, whoever picked those dice had to pay the diyāt (blood money).
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These are the things that idolaters did in the Jahiliyyah Period. See, these and actions that are similar to these, along with all that is fallacy and nonsense, and whatever is against faith (iman), Islam, science, aql (intellect), urf (tradition) have been rejected by the religion of Islam. For Islam brought forth what is right and real, science, and aql-e-saleem (sound understanding). Now, about the names of the dices, one is called “neam,” other is called “la,” another is called “minkum”, another is called “ghayrikum,” another is called, “mursak,” and yet another is called miyahun.” They had given such names to them. That said, they had 10 dices, and these were also dices for gambling and lottery. They were using them while gambling and then fortune telling, they would also cast lots for things. Now, casting lots is not always permissible (jaiz) in everything, but it is permissible (jaiz) in certain legitimate matters. However, it is not permissible if it will lead to an illegitimate gambling. It can be utilized in thing that will not lead to gambling. For full justice, one may cast lots for distribution, and after having done a just distribution, one should not go to gambling, one should not get into a situation which will lead to injustice. See, casting lots is not permissible in every occurrence, and this has been stated. That is, it is said that casting lots is not always permissible (jaiz). These were listed in 11 articles. See, we have counted 11 articles that are haram so far, and it is said that if someone violates one of the 11 articles, then this is violating the law or being a fāsiq. It is said that violating these is deviating from obedience to Allah, and Allah’s way. Being a fāsiq is the name of disobeying Allah and deviating from Allah’s way. Janâb-i Haqq says, “I have brought forth the principles of faith (iman), aqidah (creed), akhlaq (morality), the way, and the laws of ijtihad.” The faith (iman) is clear, that is the faith (iman) of Islam, the aqidah (creed) of Islam, the akhlaq (morality) of Islam, and the principles of sharia (law), the principles of fiqh (jurisprudence); along with laws of ijtihad and principles of sharia (law) such as the principles of hadith and tafsir (exegesis) and all of the above – about them Janâb-i Haqq says, “I brought them forth, and taught you.” The Prophet of Mercy, or rather Prophet Muhammad taught you all these facts, and showed you all laws and rules of this holy sharia (law), and from then on there was no chance of naskh (abrogation) in Holy Islam. Islam has abrogated (naskh) the past. There isn’t a power that can abrogate (naskh) Islam until the Last Day. For Almighty Allah renewed the entire past with Islam. Janâb-i Haqq says, “There is no chance of naskh (abrogation) in Islam, and I have completed My blessing on you.” The blessing of Islam has been fully completed. Islam has been chosen as the religion (din), and Islam has been perfected. Now there are no imperfections or flaws in Islam. Those who seek flaws in Islam should check-up their brains first, whoever says there are flaws in Islam is handicapped in the head. Don’t forget this ever! Their hearts, faiths (iman), and consciences are handicapped. There cannot be any flaws in Islam for Allah speaks the truth. Allah does not speak incompletely or imperfectly. Do you know what Allah said?
The hodja is reciting an excerpt of the 3rd verse.
Says, “I have perfected your religion for you.”
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“And I have chosen Islam as your religion, and completed My blessing,” says Allah. That is why until the Last Day, Islam is a divine order that encompasses all eras, all souls and all hearts. Islam is the source of all bliss, and it is that which gives you life, and it will make you find life, and it will make you happy. Do not forget this! Janâb-i Haqq says, “I have reached it to complete felicity via tawfiq (success) and hidayat (guidance).” Says, “I have reached it to complete felicity via tawfiq (success) and hidayat (guidance).” Says, “I have made it triumphant and successful.” Islam is triumphant forever, and successful forever. One can’t stand against Islam. Muslims are precious (aziz) if they do their duty. They have been rendered precious (aziz) with Islam. Muslims are glorious. However, if they don’t believe in Islam properly, or fulfil the commands properly, then that Muslim will only crawl on the ground miserably, even though he continuously says he is a Muslim. See, Muslims are to believe and fulfil the necessity of their belief. That is why the entire ummah, the entire Ummah-i Muhammad says: “لَبَّيْكَ”. See, by saying “لَبَّيْكَ” the entire ummah says they are ready for command and firman. And they hold fast to struggle (jihad) for ensuring peace, social justice, and blissful life in the world. These are for the better good of all people, it has always been and will always be like this. People may do flawed things, and they may have mistakes or imperfections, but those imperfections are not of Islam. Those are individual and personal things, they only belong to those who commit the crime.
That said, Islam also means to excel each other in goodness. So, what does Janâb-i Haqq say when we look at the 150th verse of Surah al-Baqarah? Says, “Fear only Me. I have completed My blessing.” See, the blessing has been completed, and Janâb-i Haqq fully manifested the truth. This is why we must fear nobody but Allah, and love Allah with every fibre of our being, and the way of loving Allah is being a good Muslim, bear this in mind. Can you endear yourself to Allah by revolting against the commands of Allah? No, rather you can do that by obeying. Islam commands obedience to Allah, and it is the name of not revolting, bear this in mind!
The hodja is reciting an excerpt of the 3rd verse.
Do not forget this verse, ever! This is the 3rd verse of Surah al-Maidah. Our current topic is about the discovery of these verses, and our life-giving lessons continue. After the revelation of this verse, our Beloved Prophet lived only 80 days. See, what did this verse also indicate? It indicated that our Prophet fulfilled his duty. The Prophet completed his duty in the world, and the religion has been perfected. The Prophets walk towards the Real (al-Haqq) once they complete their missions. See, Prophet Muhammad loved his Rabb, and his Rabb called him “My Khabib” and he is Allah’s Beloved. The Māqam i Mahmud, which is the most praised place in Janna (Paradise) was prepared for him. He walked towards the Real (al-Haqq) upon completing his duty in the world.
Now, the sahabah (companions) cheered up upon hearing this verse, but Abu Bakr started sobbing. They asked Abu Bakr, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain.
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“O, Abu Bakr, why do you cry? Janâb-i Haqq says the religion has been completed, and it has been perfected.” Let us see what Abu Bakr said and he has a different structure because he is a siddiq (truthful). He said, “I deduced from this verse that the demise of Prophet Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, our Beloved Prophet was near, and this is why I am crying.” See, Abu Bakr was tied to Prophet Muhammad’s right knee throughout his life, and he never objected to him, and he was always loyal to him. He became one of the siddiq (truthful) for he fully affirmed the commands of Allah. Also, there is consensus of the majority of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah and the public that Abu Bakr was the chairman among the companions (sahabah). See, Abu Bakr was a siddiq (truthful). The siddiq (truthful) comes right after the position of prophethood. The protocol goes like this: the siddiq (truthful) people, the martyrs, saleh (pious) people. Now, let us list the full protocol after prophethood: “First comes prophethood, and then the siddiq (truthful), and the martyrs, and the saleh (pious),” this is the protocol in descending order.
So, is there a verse in Al-Quran Al-Karim about this? The answer is yes, I had explained this protocol in our previous lectures along with the verse of the Quran about it.
Moreover, our Prophet lived 80 days after the revelation of this verse, and then he walked towards the Real (al-Haqq). Now, one day after its revelation, the 281st verse of Surah al-Baqarah that says, “And beware of a day in which the requital of all deeds will be given in divine presence,” was revealed. It was revealed that the religion has been completed, and Beloved Muhammad Mustafa had fulfilled his duty and he will go to the afterlife (ākhira) on Friday at Mount Arafat in the Last Sermon. He walked towards the Real (al-Haqq) on the 81st day. That is, he lived 81 days after the revelation of this verse. It is narrated that he walked towards the Real (al-Haqq) on the 81st day, and these are strong narrations.
Moreover, nobody should forget this! As science progresses Holy Islam will be understood better, and it will become apparent that the Quran is the unique holy book, and that Islam is the true and real religion. When? It will all be understood better as science progresses. Besides Islam responds to all conditions of life, even if in situations where you fare difficultly and when you are experiencing hardship. See, when you fare difficultly, and when you are experiencing hardships, Islam has given you ease and opened gates of ruhsat (permit) in accordance with the hardship you are experiencing. For example, let’s say you are starving to death, you are very hungry and there are only haram things to eat nearby. Do you have to die? Or can you eat from the haram things just to keep yourself alive. Says, “Don’t die, but live. Do not overstep the limit that will keep you alive. Do not take from someone’s hand.” That is, do not cause someone else’s death! A ruhsat (permit) is given to you so that you may be saved from death. See, exigencies make sinful (haram) things allowable (mubah), but you should not overstep the limit. Those who experience difficulty may eat from the things that are haram to eat enough to survive.
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Islam has been perfected. O, humanity! Islam has been perfected! If you wish to perfect humanity as well, then properly teach this Islam to people. It is Allah who said it. It is blindingly obvious that only Islam can lead humanity to perfection, to the summits of maturity, and to the summits of civilisation. It is obvious that humanity will reach perfection by adopting an Islamic character, and then people will advance and reach perfection. This is the eternally valid model that Allah Ta’ala brought forth. Allah does not accept other types. Some people have other faiths but Allah doesn’t accept it. Some people have other laws, doesn’t accept. Islam is Allah’s justice, Allah’s holy values, and it is the laws of Allah, the order established by Allah, and the life-style that Allah likes. As for others, they are life-styles that ruin people’s lives. Islam gives life because it is the life-style that Allah brought forth so that people may find life and be happy, this is why it was created. Janâb-i Haqq had sent Islam for the happiness of the servants (qul). That is why it is narrated by Ikrime Muhammad ibn Ka’b that one day Jibril (a.s.) said the following: “Islam, that responds to every circumstance of life says, ‘Don’t keep dogs in the homes.” Jibril (a.s.) said: “We don’t enter a house that has a dog.” The matter at hand is the hunting dogs, or rather trained hunting dogs. We have also mentioned this verse because hunting was mentioned in it, and this is an authentic narration by the way. As for Abu Rafi, he said that our Prophet (asw) gave the necessary command to make the stray dogs harmless. See, this is done so that the dogs may not be harmed by the society, and for making them harmless. Among them there are ones that will threaten society, or harm their health. In such cases, Islam is such a complete preventative medicine. Islam takes every precaution. The heavens and the earth, everything is for mankind. Measures are taken when the peace of humanity is at stake, and the things that are to be wiped out are wiped out, for what is essential is the happiness of mankind. Abu Rafi (r.a.) says, “I was commissioned by our Prophet,” about this matter. Then again, the following is narrated by Ali Dırın and Ali Abi Hawriyyah. Says, “The hunting dogs would hunt down wild boars and other wild animals,” this was in our Prophet’s time in the era of bliss. Therefore, there is info on this from both our Prophet and Al-Quran Al-Karim, and as you can see there are rules of legitimate hunting. Islam has given the necessary command regarding every aspect and of life. There is nothing in life that Islam doesn’t have a respond to, and because these are all divine responds, there is nothing better. However, people may benefit less if they know less, and they will benefit more if they know more. It is necessary to discover Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim well. On the other hand, if you seek the judgment of fortune-tellers, hodja of jinn, storytellers, quibblers, and people of bid’ah, then you will consider the religion like what they say, and you will have done a great disservice to yourself, all humanity, and Islam.
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This religion must always be present to humanity with the scholars and those who are competent at it. Islam has rejected all nonsense and whatever that is against science, reason, and benefit, and bid what is beneficial.
The hodja is reciting a part of the 157th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Says that the animals that can be eaten, vegetables, and what is good and clean have been made halal (lawful) to us. Says, “What is clean and good for you have been made lawful (halal).” See, Janâb-i Haqq determined all the halals and harams for the benefit of all humanity and Muslims.
The hodja is reciting a part of the 157th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
Wherever there are dirty, filthy, and gross things, Allah makes them haram (sinful). Says, sAllah makes good things lawful (halal) for them, and forbids (haram) what is harmful and filthy.
Now, the verse we mentioned just now is the 157th verse of Surah al-A’raf .
The idolaters had another custom named saibe which is left from the Jahiliyyah Period. Saibe is the name for the camels that are sacrificed to the idols, they would sacrifice camels to their idols.
Vasile is the name for a twinborn. And there was a praise they would recite for camels that give birth to ten calves. Do you know what they would do for this? They would sacrifice all them to their idols. These are left from the idolatry and Jahiliyyah Period. Islam has abolished all of these one by one, and rejected them. It is the religion of Islam that wants tawhid iman (monotheism) that abolished polytheism (shirk) entirely, to shun through all hearts and bosoms, for it is a religion of tawhid (monotheism).
Moreover, the 32nd verse of Surah al-A’raf says: “Nobody can claim something halal is haram.” Nobody can call a haram thing halal. Nobody can call a halal thing haram. Because, Allah has to say, “this is haram,” in order for something to be haram. This must be in Al-Quran Al-Karim and the authentic reports. Nobody can call a haram thing halal because the number of halal things are so numerous that you cannot count all. As for the number of harams, they are limited. That is why, a person’s faith (iman) is in danger if he calls something halal a haram or vice versa. That said, if someone calls a haram thing halal, and that thing is absolutely haram, then his faith (iman) is in great danger.
According to narrations that person becomes a disbeliever (kāfir), it is decreed that he abandons the religion. That is why, it is Almighty Allah who determines what is halal and what is halal. The possessor of the decree and ruling about everything, the Law-Maker, the Shari Ta’ala who makes the laws of the sharia is Allah. A person can’t simply call something halal or haram at his whim. He must base that on a divine source and a document. At first, you must look for it in the Quran, and then go through the authentic reports about Prophet Muhammad and see whether he called that thing haram or not. Then, you must look into his implementation, and the whole community consensus (ijmā al-ummah). You need to study the Book, the implementation, and the ijmā al-ummah. See, you need to look at the ijmā al-ummah, meaning the consensus of the mujtahids on that matter. After that there is qiyās (analogical reasoning) of the mujtahid âlims, you need to look whether they produced a decree and their ijtihad.
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Now, about the matter of jawarih (hunting animals), in these verses… Beasts of chase or hunt, predatory animals and birds are called kevasif, and jawarih. Now, the mukallibin says this is the name given to the dogs that are trained for hunt. Mukallibin means dog-trainer. Now, a hunting dog that catches prey three times and brings them to its master without eating it is accepted to be trained. This is what we understand in Islam and these verses; also, this is based on absolutely correct reports that come from our Prophet regarding its implementation. So, it means that for a dog to be trained for hunt, you will let it go three times and it will hunt prey and come back to its master without eating it. That is a trained dog. Its hunt can be eaten, if the dog obeys its master and does not run. This training is called taqlib. That is, the training of the dog is called taqlib, and the one who trains it is called Mukallibin.
Ahmad ibn Hanbali (r.a.) said two times is enough, and for Hasan al-Basri one time is enough. This is how these grand figures understood the matter. If these trained dogs hunt a prey for its master, intercept it, injure it, and kill it, it can still be eaten. The injury inflicted by that dog will stand for slaughter, meaning it will be like you slaughtered the animal. This is called zevih, and another name for it is tazkiyah. Same goes for using arrows, spears, and etc. Those are also considered the same as slaughtering. When you shoot it with a rifle, if you say, “Bismillāhi Allah-u Akbar,” then it is counted as slaughter as well. Same goes for weapons like arrows, spears and etc. However, if the hunting dog kills the prey and then eats it, then the prey cannot be eaten according to some of our mujtahids, and this is the view of the Hanafites.
The hodja is reciting a part of the 4th verse.
“What they catch for you can be eaten,” we need to get the verse of the Quran right.
The hodja is reciting a part of the 4th verse.
“What they catch for you can be eaten.”
See, if the animal hunted the prey for itself, then it has not hunted for you, thus it is not accepted as a trained hunting dog. As for, Salman al-Farsi (r.a.), Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas, Ibn-i Umar, Abu Hurairah, al-Malik, and al-Awzai, they say it can be eaten. They said the prey that a hunting animal killed and ate can be eaten. The companions (sahabah) also have the same opinion, and this is how they understood it. However, the Hanafites say that only what a bird has eaten can be eaten.
Also, it is commanded that one should recite the basmala while letting go of the hunting animal. That is, it is said that you should say, “Bismillāhi Allah-u Akbar,” while letting go of the hunting animal.
That said, there have been different opinions regarding which meanings does the word taam (طَعَامْ) have. A wajib (necessary) comment, and the view of the majority is that taam (طَعَامْ) means sacrificial animal, and Al-Jassas is among these people.
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Secondarily, food like breads and fruits are also meant by it, according to the Imams of Zaidis. And thirdly, halal is all types of food. This includes the animals hunted or slaughtered by people of the book, they can be eaten as well. The third view is said due to the implication of the inscription and the sign. It is permissible (jaiz) to evaluate someone according to his appearance, and it is halal to eat what is slaughtered by people of the book unless they sacrifice it to the Messiah. You see, if the animal is sacrificed to Isa the Messiah, or if they let go of a hunting animal by saying, “For Isa (Jesus),” then the meat of that animal cannot be eaten ever. Why? Because it is against the following verse.
The hodja is reciting the 173rd verse of Surah al-Baqarah .
Let’s see what Janâb-i Haqq said: “That which has been offered to someone other than Allah,” can’t be eaten. So, the animal must be slaughtered by reciting Allah’s name without mixing-in anyone else’s name but Allah’s. If you recite the name of Isa (Jesus), then it can’t be eaten. If you say, “the Messiah,” you can’t eat it. You can’t eat it if you recite the names of Isa (Jesus), Muhammad, or Musa (Moses). You can’t eat it if you slaughter it by reciting the name of a random individual, or an elderly figure or a monastery or etc. When you mention the name of any hero or any celebrity, then it can’t be eaten. There is nothing like Allah, for Allah has no partners or overseers. A faith (iman) that has not been saved from polytheism (shirk) is no faith (iman). However, it is said that it is enough to judge a Muslim by appearance no matter what madhab (school) he follows, whether he is Ahlus-Sunnah or not, the animal that is slaughtered by him can be eaten, and it is permissible (jaiz).
You see, as that which is slaughtered by people of the book can be eaten, of course the animals slaughtered by everyone who say they are Muslim can be eaten. This is what it is for the slaughtering process, but this is not applicable to every other situation. There are certain hidden causes (hikmat) behind this being permissible (jaiz) in slaughter. Why? Because there are endless and boundless bounties of Almighty Allah, and if this is not the case then there is a danger that those bounties may go to waste. See, Janâb-i Haqq broadened the scope for slaughter so that the servants (qul) may not be deprived of the bounties, and the same goes for marrying with women of people of the book. You see, as all that is right and real is on the Islamic side, then it is best if all humanity come towards Islam. It is because of this, and so that Muslims may benefit from all bounties at a minimum, Janâb-i Haqq broadened the scope. This is because Janâb-i Haqq wants the bounties with the servants (qul). Janâb-i Haqq does not wish for the servants (qul) to be deprived of bounty, rather wants them to be overwhelmed with bounty as long as it is halal, as long as they abide by the divine commands, and the divine measures.
Friends, we are trying to speak in a way that everybody can understand, otherwise we can simply narrate these and go into another subject but some people may not understand. Let everybody understand, and let us be beneficial towards each other, this is the point.
Now, if someone returns from Islam and joins the people of the book, can that which he slaughtered be eaten? No, it can’t be eaten because he is a murtadd (apostate), and that which is slaughtered by a murtadd (apostate) can’t be eaten. Exit from Islam is equal to losing all eternal values. That is, an exit from all sacred values at once. Now, the matter of murtadd (apostate) is something else, so do not compare this to the others. The punishment for murtadd (apostate) is severe here.
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Why severe? Because he turns his back on beginningless (azali) and endless (abadi) bounties and sacred values such as Islam. If you leave Islam, then Islam also leaves you. Muslims leave you as well. And they will only call you back to the everlasting (abadi) bounties, back to the manifestation of rahmat and the everlasting (abadi) feast of Allah. They will only call you back by saying, “You have been wrong, deceived, and astray. So, come to Islam.” That said, Muslims call everyone, including them. It is Islam who makes that call, and that is a necessity of the profound mercy of Allah.
Now, it is permissible (jaiz) to marry women of the people of the book, why? There is a call to the izzat (glory) and might of Islam. However, this chance has not been given to the idolaters. They must become outright Muslims in order to come to Islam. As there is a book involved when it comes to people of the book, a divine book, they are more likely to become Muslims. That said, marrying them is makruh or disliked if there is an excuse or need out there. On the other hand, giving a girl in marriage to non-Muslims is never permissible (jaiz). Muslim girls and women cannot ever marry non-Muslims. This is forbidden forever, and this has been forbidden forever. This is an innate prohibition, and it is forbidden until forever. Just look at the 221st verse of Surah al-Baqarah.
Do not ever get married with the irreligious, polytheist, or non-Muslim. The prohibition in this verse has been removed from ahlul kitab women. We are saying, “Women of People of the Book,” get this right! It has become permissible (jaiz) to marry them because the lesser one is managed by the greater one. Islam is izzat (glory), and as all izzat (glory) and might is in Islam, Janâb-i Haqq deemed suitable for the women of ahlul kitab to come to the izzat (glory) of Islam, and deemed it permissible (jaiz). On the other hand, order of choice is different because there are certain dangers in certain situations because the conditions of time are not always the same always, if the servile one is to dominate the mighty one, then there is a danger there.
Pay attention to these as well! A Muslim woman cannot ever marry someone from the people of the book, the permission has never been given, and this being haram has been made haram for the eternity for there is no permission, and a permission has never been given. The reason that the permission has never been given is obvious. Islam is mighty, and one can’t simple abandon what is mighty. The 29th verse of Surah al-Baqarah says: “Whatever is in the heavens and earth is for you.”
The hodja is reciting the 29th verse of Surah al-Baqarah.
This verse of the Quran says, “Whatever is in the heavens and earth is for you.”
See, Allah valued mankind, and promised to raise mankind with faith (iman) of Islam, and promised to give them Janna (Paradise). As for those who lack faith (iman) of Islam, Allah promised them Jahannam (Hell) as a necessity of Allah’s justice. There is a promise (vaad) and a threat (vaid). That is, there is a terrible and severe punishment of Allah. There is a threat, an ultimatum here. Janâb-i Haqq says, “Do not come to Me without faith (iman) of Islam.” If you go without faith (iman) of Islam, then the armies of Allah will take you from your grave and bring you to the presence of Allah, and when you come without bearing faith (iman) of Islam… Everyone will be gathered there, the religious, irreligious, faithful, faithless, and everybody. Thus, Jahannam (Hell) has been prepared for the faithless in Mahkamah al-Kubra (the Greater Court) as a necessity of justice.
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Obey Allah we are telling you. We are all servants (qul) of Allah. We need to obey with pleasure. We are Allah’s servants (qul). We are the servants (qul) of the Almighty. When a person becomes a servant (qul) of the Almighty, then he will become a sultan over the universe. However, if he serves someone slavishly, then he will disgrace himself. Can one serve a person slavishly? Servitude is only to Allah. Those who are servants (qul) of Allah are the sultans of the universe. Get your head together! O, servants (qul) of Allah! O, children of Adam, get your minds together! Let us do that altogether. Islam is the name of servitude to Allah. Disacknowledging Islam is serving others slavishly. Some people divinized someone, and the others divinized another. They claim Isa (Jesus) as a deity, or Musa (Moses), Ali or somebody else. They grovel to their leader or pioneer, but don’t do that in the presence of Allah. Is it not the Creator to whom you should show respect most? Who gave you the neural system that is in your head, and your body and soul, and your face and morality? Is there anyone but Allah who can give that to you? You are grovelling to someone but don’t even remember Allah Ta’ala. You don’t ask yourself whether the Quran exists or not. You don’t care whether or not Allah sent Muhammad. Some people are like that, and some of them filled their mouths with filth and they are speaking ill about Islam, vile people! They seek to smear their dirty on the Sun. You can’t smear dirt on the Sun, that dirt is on you, and it will stay with you, until when? Until you declare faith (iman), repent and ask for forgiveness, and come to faith (iman). You can’t smear dirt on the Sun, and it will enlighten the entire universe. See, the Islamic values Allah brought forth are much greater than the Sun. The values in Islam are unique and sacred. It is haram to violate nafs (life) and ırz (chastity). Pay attention to this matter as well! What is one of one of the everlastingly forbidden, haram, and inviolable things? That is to take a life and to kill a person unjustly, and violating someone’s honour and chastity. These things are haram forever, and they are among the inviolable and essential rights. We have said these to you in our previous lectures, and we have counted them as the opportunity arose. Now, it has been documented that marriage between a believing woman and a non-Muslim has always been haram. It has been documented that a faithful woman can’t ever marry a non-Muslim is haram. The essential and beginningless (azali) prohibition continues. That is, a Muslim, a believing, a faithful woman cannot ever marry someone other than a Muslim. It is said that this has been an essential and beginningless (azali) prohibition. The fact that it is forbidden has been documented, it is essentially prohibited for there is no permission to it. There is no permission for them to marry anyone other than Muslims. Now, some people will say the following according to their whim. They will say there are so many types of Muslim. We are talking about a righteous Muslim while talking about them, we are not talking about deviated ones. Become a right Muslim, and you have to marry a Muslim if you are female. Both the groom and the bride must be Muslim. The one whom you will marry must be an honest-to-god Muslim, and pay attention that he is among Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah while marrying.
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There are so many deviant Muslims who follow the ways of ahlul bid’ah (evil innovation) and dalalah (misguidance). Beware of them, don’t be deceived by their look, appearance, clothes, physique, and polish. A Muslim woman is to marry a Muslim. A true Muslim, a true man. If a person’s name is Muslim, but he mixes everything, then you have reason, you have eyes and ears. That is, if you are a sincere Muslim yourself, then you have reason and ability to know what to expect from him. See, this verse repeats the 221st verse of Surah al-Baqarah. It says: O, Muslims! Don’t you ever give your women to the polytheists ever! We are telling you, and the rest is up to you. Now, in the 141st verse of Surah al-Nisa , this prohibition was explained in a general manner, and it is also present in other verses. That said, the 141st verse of Surah al-Nisa  says: “Allah will never provide a way for the faithless to prevail over the believers.” Pay attention! “Allah will never provide a way for the faithless to prevail over the believers.” That is, a believing woman can’t marry a non-Muslim, this is one the rules. There is an imperative statement, and a simile and abridgement here. See, a Muslim woman can’t marry a man from ahlul kitab or any non-Muslim. There is an abridgement in this verse, and there is a simile. Pay attention to that! There is a consensus of the ummah in this since the Era of Bliss. See, this has been the view of whole community consensus (ijmā al-ummah) since Prophet Muhammad. This is the unanimous view of the ummah from the time of Prophet Muhammad to this day. That is, Muslim women and Muslim girls cannot marry non-Muslims. There is unanimity in this, and this has been the implementation. And this is the third proof. Some ignorant people who don’t know the Islamic proofs said if there is any proof of this in Al-Quran Al-Karim. The nerve! Besides, the fact that it has not been permitted is enough as proof. We have counted the proofs, and it is clear that it is not allowed. Is there a permission? No, there is not. What about proof? There is proof, but is there permission? There is no permission.
Let us see what Ali said about the Christians. Ali karramallahu wajhah says: These could not understand from Christianity anything other than drinking wine. See, he had said that about Bani Talip and Arab Christians. But of course, a Christian is a Christian everywhere. The exceptions don’t break the rule. There are many Muslims who had read Prophet Muhammad in the Bible and they became Muslims. They are different. There are also Christians who are People of the Book. There are those who divinize Isa (Jesus), and worship him by calling him Allah. One simply can’t say they are all the same, it is said that those are not counted in the provisions about the Christians, and Ali and Imam al-Shafi’i preferred this view.
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That is, Ali says they are not People of the Book. Imam al-Shafi’i also says the same thing. The verse being absolute, the Hanafites and the majority say what is slaughtered by all People of the Book can be eaten according to the apparent meaning of the Book. That is, the opinion of the Hanafites but only about eating what is slaughtered by them, and marrying their daughters. We are not talking about the other matters here, in the other matters they all have the same view. Besides, the others understood the matter of slaughtering like this, but there are some who understand the other way. Ibn-i Abbas (r.a.) said that the ones that are not dhimmis are counted as People of the Book. He said marrying Jewish or Christian women who live in the enemy territory is not permissible (jaiz). Who? That is what Ibn-i Abbas said. Ibn-i Abbas is among the greatest âlims of the companions (sahabah). The verse being absolute, the majority of the âlims say whether they are dhimmis or not, marrying women of the People of the Book is permissible (jaiz), but makruh (disliked) if it is not compulsory. This is the opinion of the majority, so keep this in mind! The majority of the âlims say whether they are dhimmis or not, marrying women of People of the Book is permissible (jaiz), but makruh (disliked) if it is not compulsory. It is makruh (disliked) if there is not an exigency but if there is an exigency then it is a different situation. Now, this is only about marrying their women, not giving your women to them. This is also about the matter of eating that which they slaughter. This is the opinion of the majority.
That said, we have repeatedly said that Muslim women can’t marry anyone other than Muslim men. We will keep saying this as the occasion arises. It is said that those who live in enemy territory and those under the protection of the Islamic state are permissible (jaiz). Now, abstain from distorting your faith (iman) while eating their food and marrying their women. You see, pay attention to this danger! One must be extremely careful about the danger of apostatizing and distorting your faith (iman) while eating their food and marrying their women. If a Muslim man is present in a setting where they are dominant, and the women are not included here, we are talking about a Muslim man marrying a Christian or a Jewish woman, the following are the things he should be careful about: He must abstain from the dangers distorting his faith (iman) and danger of apostatizing to the utmost while eating their food or while marrying their women. He should only marry that woman if he has courage to beware of these. They must now be dominant over you, but the Muslim may be dominant over them. Everyone will find comfort under the social justice, might, and sovereignty of Islam. However, if someone wrong rules over you, then Islam is azīz (mighty), and there is no chance of Islam being under the domination of someone, that is not possible. See, if a Muslim country or someone establishes its or his dominance, then it is said that it or he must be wary of these dangers by evaluating them. That is, by relying on the 221st verse of Surah al-Baqarah. There are many reasons why there is danger here and it is makruh (disliked), and there are many things to be wary of. That is why it is makruh (disliked), otherwise it is permissible (jaiz).
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About the Magians, “Treat the Magians like you treat People of the Book.” Do not ever eat what they slaughter. Do not ever eat what is slaughtered by the Magians or idolaters. Do not marry their daughters, but our Prophet said, “Treat them like People of the Book in every other matter.” Said, “Even if you like their girls, and they are beautiful, and they are rich, do not marry Magian or idolater girl.” About the polytheists (mushrikun), as you know it is said that a faithful slave girl (jariya) who has faith (iman) and tawhid iman (monotheism) is better than a polytheist woman, says our Prophet.
The hodja is reciting the 221st verse of Surah al-Baqarah .
And this is the verse of the Quran, so pay attention to these matters! The deeds of those who deny the sharia (law) of Islam go in vain. If someone says he is a Muslim by disacknowledging the sharia (law) of Islam, then pay attention to him because all his deeds have gone in vain. See the 5th verse for Surah al-Maidah, and the other verses! Says, take women who are halal (lawful) to you as vives. This is from the 3rd verse of Surah al-Nisa . Also, check the 26th verse of Surah al-Nur . Says, “Good women are for good men. Those who commit zinā are for those who commit zinā. The polytheists are for polytheists. The believers are for believers.” Says that good women should marry good men. Says that Muslim men should marry Muslim women. Says Muslim women must marry Muslim men.
Janâb-i Haqq says,
The hodja is reciting the 26th verse of Surah al-Nur .
“Pure ones are for pure ones, and dirty ones for dirty ones, those who commit zinā are for those who commit zinā, the polytheists are for polytheists.” Do not forget this! May Janâb-i Mawla make everyone understand and comprehend these sacred values well. May Janâb-i Haqq destine everyone to be happy in both worlds. Insha ‘Allah, our life-giving lectures shall continue.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 167
On the 4th to 7th verses of Surah al-Maidah .
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
The hodja is reciting the 4th and 5th verses of Surah al-Maidah .
Our lectures continue with the verses of the life-giving book of Almighty Allah that shed light and make people blissful forever, and prepare them for Janna (Paradise). After giving the core meanings of the 4th and 5th verses of Surah al-Maidah , we will try to convey to you our discovery notes in terms of narration (riwayat) and their comprehension (dirayat). Janâb-i Haqq, who is more exalted than all that is exalted, and the unique and almighty being, Allah Ta’ala wa Taqaddas commands: “O, the glorious Prophet,” and addresses Prophet Muhammad here! “They ask you as to what is made halal to them. Say, ‘Good and clean things are made halal to you.’.” See, whatever Islam says it is halal to you are the best and purest things. What is purest and most lawful are the things that Islam says they are halal to you, and it is Allah Ta’ala who says these. Islam is Allah’s order. It is the order established by Allah. It is the divine order and the laws of Allah. Eat of that which the animals that you trained by teaching them what Allah has taught you catch for you, and mention Allah’s name over it,” and recite the basmala, which is to say, “Bismillāhi Allah-u Akbar.” “
“Be wary of Allah’s punishment. Fear nobody but Allah. Indeed, Allah is swift in judgment.” That is, get prepared for the gathering and the greater court well because the judgment will be given swiftly there, and the justice will be fully manifested. Get ready for it, for Islam prepares you to Mahkamah al-Kubra (the Greater Court) and the Janna (Paradise). As for being devoid of Islam, it prepares you for the jailhouses that are out of Islam. See, what is the result of rebelling against Allah? It is that. And what is the reward of obedience? Well, that is Janna (Paradise) and Jamal (Beauty). You will be acquitted by the Greater Court, and you will be the recipient of great rewards and everlasting bounties.
“Today good and clean things have been made halal to you,” and by today what is meant is from the moment Islam was born in the world until the Last Day.” Today, best and purest things, and good things have been made halal to you. Good and better. Clean and pure. Lawful and halal, whatever there is like that has been made halal to you.
“As the food of those who were given the Book is halal to you, your food is halal to them. And the chaste and free women among the believers. And chaste and free women among those who were given the Book before you.” That is, they must not commit zinā, and they must not have secret lovers. Those women are halal to you as long as they don’t do these and you have given them their dowries (mahr).
“Whoever denies the faith (iman), his deed will have gone in vain,” it will be a pity and, “he is among the losers in the afterlife,” for he is in frustration.
So, what will one place in its place if he denies the faith (iman)? He will have placed disbelief (kufr). And if you place disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), corruption (nifaq), tyranny (zulm), violating the law (fasiq), and wicked evil-doing, then you will surely ruin yourself. Islam is the name of faith (iman) and eternal bliss. The real faith (iman) is the faith (iman) of Islam. Don’t you ever forget this by no means!
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Then again, see the following verses of our Almighty Rabb, which are the 6th and 7th verses of Surah al-Maidah . Let us try to present them to the entire humanity by reciting the sacred kalam (utterance) our Rabb has sent us, and by announcing their meanings to our souls. Let everybody sit at the table of rahmat (blessing). Islam is the holiday of the hearts and the souls. It is the paradise of the physical and the spiritual realm. Islam is the paradise of the world, and the grave, and the realm of barzakh. Islam is what prepares you to the next world, which is the everlasting and deathless world, which is the world of felicity. It is Islam that prepares you to that Janna (Paradise). See, Islam prepares people to the Janna (Paradise), and saves them from Jahannam (Hell). Islam prepares people to the truly blissful life, and saves them from all types of unhappiness, sadness, and misery.
My dearest friend! It is our obligation to announce, and the rest is up to your free will. O, beautiful servant (qul) of Allah! You may accept these commands of Allah with pleasure, and live them in your soul and your heart. Or you may ruin yourself by disbelieving in Al-Quran Al-Karim. That said, you will have to bear the consequences when you disbelieve, and it will be a pity.
Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq says.
Editor’s note: In the following section hodja will be partly reciting the original text of the verse and give their meanings.
“O, you who believe!” This verse addresses all who have believed in Islam.
“When you stand up for namāz,” meaning when you are going to pray.
Says, “Wash your faces and your hands and arms up to the elbows, and wipe your heads, and wash your feet, up to the ankles.”
The hodja is reciting the 6th and 7th verses of Surah al-Maidah .
Let us see what Almighty Rabb said in these verses: “O, you who believe! When you stand up for namāz, wash your faces, and hands and arms up to the elbows, and wipe your heads, and wash your feet, up to the ankles. If you are junub, then purify yourself,” that is perform a full ablution (ghusl), “if you are sick or on a journey, or any of you has come from the toilet, or have you touched women, and you cannot find water, then do tayammum with clean earth, and wipe a part of your faces and hands with it. Allah does not wish to put you to hardship, but wants to purify you, and to complete Allah’s blessing on you so that you may be thankful.”
“Remember Allah’s blessing on you, and Allah’s covenant with which Allah has bound you when you said, ‘We hear and obey.’ Fear Allah duly,” and love Allah with every fibre of your being. Endeavour to fly towards Allah with a wing of love and a wing of fear. Allah knows the essence of the hearts best. Allah knows best whatever is in the hearts, breasts, hearts, souls, inside and outside.
If so, my dear and valuable friend! Be devoted to your Rabb with due binds of faith (iman) and obedience, and follow Prophet Muhammad and the sharia (law) he brought.
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– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 168
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Dearest listeners and beloved audience!
Now, let us discourse on the discovery of these verses with you. Now, as you know in these verses of the Quran, Janâb-i Haqq informs about partial ablution (wudu) for namāz (prayer), partial ablution (wudu) being an obligation (fard), and its place in Islam. Also, inform about full ablution (ghusl), and commands doing tayammum when you can’t find water. Now, let us discourse on these for a little bit.
So, people need to do it properly when performing ablution (abdast). Now, in a hadith-i sharif narrated by Bukhari, Muslim, and others, our Prophet said, “Woe to those heels burning in the fire!”
See, our Prophet say a man performing ablution (abdast) who was not washing his heels well, and he said, “Woe to those heels burning in the fire!” See, the places you leave dry will be washed in fire if you don’t perform abdast (wudu) properly, this is what he wanted to say and he warned him fiercely.
See, justice is necessary in everything. Muslims try to do everything properly, and everything you do properly has a perfect benefit for you, and they will come back to you as happiness, abundant rewards, and divine grace. That is why the divine commands should be fulfilled in a beautiful, good, and sincere manner. They should be done only because Allah commanded. They should be done only for Allah. This is where real taste, pleasure, and peace resides. Otherwise, the things that are done by playing games, showing off, and to self oneself to others are not considered worship at all, they are nothing but trouble and polytheism (shirk), bear this in mind! That is why there is a promise to the believers here.
Now, let us see what Abu Hayyān said. It should be known well that he said, “Allah promised to the believers,” and uses a verbal sentence while saying that. That is, he says this has been like this so far. Whatever Janâb-i Haqq promised to the believers will certainly happen. That said, what did Janâb-i Haqq promise to the denier (munkir)? Promised punishment. Now, a wa’īd (threat) is present here, meaning it is said that punishment is perpetual for the denier (munkir), and this was said with a noun clause.
Now, a Jew who heard that Islam has been completed said: If the 3rd verse of Surah al-Maidah  was revealed to us,” said the Jew, “We would note the day, hour, and minute of the revelation and we would declare that day holiday,” said the Jew. What did this verse say?
Janâb-i Haqq said: I have perfected your religion, the religion of Holy Islam, and I have completed it, and I have completed My blessing on you. I have chosen Islam as your religion.” Besides, this verse of the Quran narrates that Islam is such a holy religion.
The Jew had said that to Umar. Now, as you know the day this verse was revealed was a Friday, and Arafah. We understand from this verse of the Quran that Islam is a perfect religion until forever, and Almighty Allah personally narrates it. Says, “I have perfected the religion.” If so, then each and every command of the religion is perfect.
Its ablution (abdast) is perfect, its namāz (prayer) is perfect, its faith (iman) is perfect, its deeds are perfect, its law is perfect, and everything about it is perfect as it is the divine order, but where are the flaws and imperfections? That is in the heads of those who don’t get Islam well. The religion of Islam came to upgrade those heads with Islam, to make them ripe, and perfect the entire humanity.
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If humanity wants to find perfection, he happy, attain of Allah’s pleasure (riza), see the Jamal al-Ilahi (Beauty of the Divine), and to be the recipient of these, and to reach the ultimate union (wuslat), then they should believe in all values of the religion of Islam and live them.
Now, as you know, in the recitations there are some people who read the أَرْجُلَكُمْ with heavy accent in the verse of ablution (abdast). Now, let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said in this verse. “Wash your feet with the heels.” This is the recitation of those who read with a heavy accent. The sources of this recitation are as follows: Nafi, Ibn-i Amir, Asm; and from Asm, Hafz, Kisa, and Yakub. They said, “Wash your feet, and wipe over the mest,” in their recitations. My dearest friends, this is a well-known sunnah (custom).
Now, there are other recitations (qira’at) as well. Now, pay attention to this well-known sunnah (custom). The majority of Ahlus-Sunnah preferred that it should be read with heavy accent and what did they do with the sunnah (custom)? They exegete it, and revealed it. There are also those who recite the أَرْجُلَكُمْ with a light accent. They are Ibn-i Kathīr, Abu Amir; and form Asm, Abu Bakr, Şu’be, Hamze, Abu Jafar, Halaful Ashir. In their recitations it is said that it means, “be content with wiping over them.”
In the tafsir (exegesis) of Qaffal, only Ibn-i Abbas, Anas ibn Malik; and from the Tābi’ūn, Ikrime, Şabi, Abu Jafar, Muhammad ibn Aliyyil Baqr, and from the Shia, Imamiyah. These said that the obligation (fard) of the ablution (abdast) in the feet is wiping over them.
But please pay attention to this! All faqihs (experts of fiqh) and exegetes said it is washing the feet. This is the opinion of the majority. Not the minority, but the majority. That is, all faqihs (experts of fiqh) and exegetes said it is washing them.
Dawoodi and Isfahani, meaning Ẓāhirīs say it is both. What does that mean? They say it is necessary (wajib) to do both. Dawoodi and Isfahani, and the Ẓāhirīs say you need to do both because it is necessary (wajib). They say it is necessary (wajib) to do both.
Dawoodi and Isfahani adopted it as the view of Nasr Lil Haqq from the Imams of Zaidis. See, they adopted the view of Nasr Lil Haqq from the Imams of Zaidis.
May Allah bestow upon mercy and abundant rewards and bounties to Hasan al-Basri, Muhammad ibn Jarir at-Tabari and all our Islamic scholars (âlims). They said the obligated (mukallaf) is free, and he may wipe over them or wash them.
Now how can you wipe over a foot that is not washed and dirty? There is a hadith of our Prophet, pay attention now! These views are all good, but there is something better. The truer option is manifest, and it is better.
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Now, let us see the end of the verse; for a verse interprets a verse. That is, a verse is interpreted by another verse. So, what else can interpret a verse? That is, the sunnah (customs) of our Prophet Muhammad. That said, Jibril (a.s.) and Almighty Allah personally explain it to Prophet Muhammad. That is why we say the ideas and scholarly understanding of the ulama are always good, but being able to reach the ultimate source is better. You may ask why they all did not reach the same source? Well, there are various hidden causes (hikmat) of Janâb-i Haqq here, and we will not intervene. For there is not only one type of flower in the garden. All flowers are good but there is always one that is better. This goes for scholarly people as well. So, nobody should criticize them, ever. And do not ever act with reactionism! It is a great abundance that various meanings come out from the ulama, and this is the way of achieving the best. Had they not operated this way, how could you achieve the best? Had that happened, all ignorant people and bigots would intervene, and everybody would act randomly. Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said at the end of the 6th verse.
The hodja is reciting a part of the 6th verse.
Now, pay close attention to this! We see that the verse explains itself. Janâb-i Haqq says, “Allah wants to purify you.” Now, let me ask you. Which denotes purification to you? Is it washing or wiping over them? See, the truth is manifest.
The hodja is reciting a part of the 6th verse.
“Allah wants to purify you,” and it is against the meaning of purification. That is, to wipe over them.
So, what is the best of the best? That is not wiping over them but washing them instead. There may be such moments where such excuses will occur, and Islam is a religion that always makes life easier, in those cases you may wipe over them because you have an excuse. This or that may happen. Janâb-i Haqq has already established those rules in Islam.
That is why Prophet Muhammad (asw) said the following to a man who was not washing his heels properly.
The hodja is reciting the original text of the hadith.
He said, “Woe to the heels of the man whose heels are not washed well and they are partly dry, for they will be in the fire!”
That is, there is a severe warning here that the parts that are not washed well will be washed in fire. Let us try to fulfill our obligations to Allah in a sincere manner and the best possible manner. This word of Prophet Muhammad explains this verse. That is, it is revealed that the qira’at (recitation) that is about washing is more suitable in this context. That said, he ordered that man to re-wash his heels. He did not say, “There are dry parts, wipe over them.” Our Prophet ordered the man who did not wash his heels properly to wash them again.
And the verse says the following.
The hodja is reciting a part of the 6th verse.
Says, “Wash your heels up to the ankles,” there is a record here, and it means washing them up to the heels. It is muhkam (clear) that it means to wash. And wiping over them seems mucmel (succinct). It seems like wiping over them is mucmel (succinct), and washing seems muhkam (clear). So, who explains and reveals the mucmel (succinct) one here? The high-sunnah explains this mucmel (succinct) here, and this high-sunnah we are talking about is the explanation of our Prophet, and it is his words. Alaihissalatu wassalam. You wash your feet, but if you wear a mest, then you can wipe over them, that is different.
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Now, in the 43rd verse of Surah al-Nisa  we see these again. It also mentions partial ablution (wudu), full ablution (ghusl), and tayammum, and commands these. Says, “To tayammum if there is no water.” So, it means that what is essential is to wash using water. However, a ruhsat (permit) has been given here. Tayammum can be practiced when you can’t find water.
Moreover, there is a hadith-i sharif that is narrated by Bukhari and Muslim, and it is also present in Kutub al-Sittah. Let us see what our Beloved Prophet said.
The hodja is reciting the original text of the hadith.
“Allah does not accept any namāz (prayer) without taharat (purifying).”
That is why taharat or purifications should be done well. A Muslim is a person who is clean inside and outside. Islam is a holy religion that is pure, clean, and nūr (light). Islam is reality and nūr (light) with everything about it. Muslims are people who enlighten with the nūr (light) of Islam, and they are people everything about whom is right and real. That is why we need ruhsat (permit) when they are needed. There may be times when we need to hold fast to ruhsat (permit). However, let us not abandon the virtuous (fazilat) and obligations (azimat) at our whim when there is no reason. Fazilat and azimat earn us so many things, but there may be such moments when ruhsat (permit) is required. In those moments you may hold fast to ruhsat (permit), that is different.
Says, “Allah does not accept any namāz (prayer) without taharat (purifying).” Now, t-h-r means cleanliness. And wudu means abdast or ablution.
Now, in Hanafites, the obligation (fard) of partial ablution (wudu) is three washing and one wiping over, and four in total. As for Imam al-Shafi’i, he included following the order and intention, and there are six in total. Ahmad ibn Hanbal considered washing your mouth and nose as well, and said there are eight obligations. So, the Hanbali School considered washing mouth and nose a religious obligation (fard), and Ahmad ibn Hanbali said there are eight obligations (fard) in partial ablution (wudu). Imam al-Shafi’i says there are six, and the Hanafites say there are four with three washing and one wiping over. Now, in Hanafites intention, following the order, and washing mouth and nose are sunnah (custom). In the Zahiris, it is an obligation (fard) to renew the ablution (wudu) in each namāz. This is a sunnah (custom) of Prophet Muhammad according to the Four School. The Rashidun Caliphs had also done that; however, it is not an obligation (fard), but sunnah (custom).
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Our Master on the day of the Conquest of Mecca, had performed 5 times of namāz (prayer) with one ablution (wudu). Umar had asked him. Radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. He asked our Beloved Prophet Muhammad. Said, “O, Rasulullah! You have performed five times of namāz (prayer) with one abdast (wudu) today, did you do that knowingly?” This is a narration from Muslim, Abo Dawood, and Ahmad ibn Hanbali. The Hanafites say wipe over your head by using your palm as measure. It is an obligation (fard) to wipe one third of your head. Wiping over your forehead is an obligation (fard), and wiping the entire head is sunnah (custom). That is, wiping over your head completely is a sunnah (custom). Now, Al-Imam Al-Malik and Ahmad ibn Hanbali said it is obligatory (fard) to wipe over your head completely. That is Al-Imam Al-Malik and Ahmad ibn Hanbali.
Imam al-Shafi’i said that even touching with one finger is enough. All their understanding is perfect, and do not ever misunderstand them. They are all good, but this is a contest of finding the best in the good. A contest in science, there are perfect beauties. But what should you do in the contest of beauty? You may follow the Hanafites, the Hanafite mujtahids. Another follows the Malikis. Another follows the Shafi’i. Another follows Hanbali. They have chosen like that, and they are all good. It is possible to understand these like that. This shows us that the street of Islam is such a broad and beautiful street. May Allah bestow mercy (rahmat) upon all our mujtahids until they say, “We are pleased,” “This is more than enough.”
Don’t you ever fall into fanaticism and bigotry! The mujtahids of the Four Schools are perfect mujtahids. Whether they are Hanafites, Malikis, Shafi’ites, or Hanbalites, the 99,9% of all Muslims have learned Islam perfectly from the ulama in these Four Schools.
These are the pedestals of knowledge (ilm), wisdom (irfan), and Islam whose base is the earth and they go towards the ninth heaven (arsh-i âlâ). These aftal (best), and truly perfect. Don’t you ever deviate to wrong opinions! Now, a Hanafite may learn the Islam he learned from the Hanafites; it is perfect. A Maliki person may live the Maliki. As for Shafi’ites or Hanbalites, they may live according to the opinions of those schools (madhabs) and their understanding of Islam.
They are all perfect, and do not fall into fanaticism ever! Don’t say this is right and that is wrong. This is all beauty, and a scholarly contest. They are all good and better than each other. You can’t find anything ugly in them. Those who say they are ugly themselves are ugly and ignorant. A person who does not have any knowledge of the things these people know come forth and say they are talking about the proofs, and they have the verses and hadiths in their hands. They are reading what some people wrote, but they have no idea whatsoever about its sub-text. They don’t know where the meaning of the hadith leads. They don’t know how many verses are there on that matter. One must strictly stay away from these naïve, ignorant and dogmatic actions, and doing ifrat (too much) or tafrit (too little). Do not meddle in the work of the ulama. If you do, then become a mujtahid on their level and then talk. You may know one or five hadith, but they know all of it.
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They had their share of the ocean of Al-Quran Al-Karim. They are venerable figures who are mujtahids whom are given knowledge (ilm) by Allah. One can’t speak ill about any of them. There are also people who portray themselves as Islamic scholars (âlims) but in also ahlul bid’ah (deviant innovators) and dalalah (misguidance). As for them, take their rights and don’t take their wrongs! Apart from these, there is also the ulama class. There are other schools (madhabs), dispositions, and ecoles. Take their rights. Do not take the things that do not suit Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. That is, they have wrongs as well, but do not object to their rights because they have wrongs, let me tell you that much. They have wrongs and certain aspects that do not suit Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. Mu’tazila has that, Musabbiha has, and Murjie has, and there are also Branches of Shia. They all have certain aspects that do not suit Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah.
These have wrong aspects but have rights as well. Rights belong to us, and the wrongs will be rectified with the truths. The wrongs may be rectified by the rights. You cannot object to the rights of theirs just because they have wrongs. There may be doing ifrat (too much) and tafrit (too little) here let us be wary of this altogether. We do not target anyone except the wrongs. Our only goal is to remove the wrongs so that humanity may benefit directly. Our goal is to ensure the predominance of the absolute truths. That is why the streets of knowledge (ilm) are broad. People who are not âlim may study knowledge (ilm), but they should not intervene in the work of the âlims.
We continue to give you preliminary notes from the discovery notes in these verses of the Quran. About washing, it is not called washing unless water drips from the part you are washing. What does washing mean? Water has to drip from the part you are washing. If you just only moisten it and it does not drip, and you leave it like that, then it is not considered washing, so beware of this. Washing once is obligatory (fard), two is fine, three is sunnah (custom) and rubbing while washing is also sunnah (custom).
However, Imam al-Malik says rubbing while washing is obligatory (fard). These are all good opinions, and they are all fine. In the end, they are warning each other. And what happens when they warn each other? A perfect and flawless Islamic worship comes forth when they warn each other. They warn each other, and they help each other, they make life easier. How beautiful it all gets! It is not like I am not impressed by this situation about the mujtahids either. I am impressed. The ummah (people) should know to benefit from them, and abandon fanaticism, and try to discover Islam well, and understand it well. These valuable figures have understood well.
That said, wiping over them means touching. However, a necessary amount of wetness must be applied to the area.
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Pay attention now. While wiping over body parts, one must apply a necessary amount of wetness to the area. This is like wiping over the head, or wiping over the mest. Now, what does being junub mean? How can a person be junub? As you know, it happens by ejaculation, and by squirting sperm out of your system. It may happen in sleep, or while asleep. Or by iltiqa hatanayn, when the genitals of man and woman touch, these are the ways people become junub. In those cases, it is obligatory to do tetahhur and ittisal by washing your entire body without leaving any part dry and to wash your mouth and nose.
That is, when a person becomes junub, he has to wash himself without leaving any part dry, and do not forget to wash his mouth and nose, because it is obligation (fard) to wash your mouth and nose in full ablution (ghusl). And he has to perform a proper full ablution (ghusl) like the one Prophet Muhammad used to perform.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 169
On the 4th to 7th verses of Surah al-Maidah .
Dearest and most valuable friends!
For some of our friends, we have to pay close attention to the doings of our Prophet, who is a mercy (rahmat) upon all the worlds. We need to watch the beautiful, unparalleled, unprecedented deeds of our Prophet. See, the Quran gives the command, but it is Prophet Muhammad who implements it, and shows how to fulfil that command. You are to learn them from Prophet Muhammad such as how to perform namāz (prayer), how to fast, and how to perform abdast (wudu).
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 170
That is, you shall learn all implementation from Prophet Muhammad. Al-Quran Al-Karim orders you ablution (wudu) and namāz. However, the how/modality of it, quantity and quality, and how to implement it, and all implementations based on the Quran, Sunnah, ijmā (consensus) and qiyās (analogical reasoning), and explaining the Quran and implementing it in life; all that belongs to Prophet Muhammad.
That is why Al-Quran Al-Karim has been placed into Prophet Muhammad’s heart. Prophet Muhammad is a live Quran. Al-Quran Al-Karim is the document and the written verses. However, there is no Islam without Muhammad.
Some people wish to underestimate the sunnahs (customs). They are trying to neglect the hadith-i sharifs, and even the authentic hadith-i sharifs, and many authentic narrations which we consider treasure. There won’t be Islam when you try to neglect the authentic hadiths. They are neglecting Muhammad, but it is Prophet Muhammad who knows, explains, and implements Al-Quran Al-Karim. Muhammad’s implementations which we call the beautiful sunnah (customs) have been transferred to this day by being protected including his words and actions, via sunnah al-saniyya, hadith-i sharifs, authentic hadiths, hadith sourcebooks, and deeds and titles. Pay attention to the enemies of the sunnah today. Beware of those who do that out of ignorance.
Sunnah, and hadith-i sharifs have been protected up to this day via authentic sources, and they have been cleansed from fabricated hadiths. If this does not suit your logic, then it is because your logic is flawed. It does not operate well. Al-Imam Al-Azam has a word regarding the bundle of hadiths, pay attention to it. He says that hadiths are like a bundle of beautiful flowers that you find in a garden. It is Al-Imam Al-Azam who said it. He says that the doctor knows how to make a medicine out of those flowers. And what does a pharmacist do? The pharmacists give you the medicine which are based on the Doctor’s knowledge. But who is the doctor here? It is the mujtahids, and faqih ulama who will bring forth the result that will come out of the bundle of hadiths. That is not possible without the faqih ulama. Do you know how Al-Imam Al-Azam is known? He is known as a great faqih in methodology. He is a great Islamic jurisprudence scholar (âlim). This goes for Imam al-Maliki as well, and those ecoles such as the ecoles of Shafi’i and Hanbali. Their ecoles are also like this, many Islamic scholars (âlim) have been raised in those ecoles. So, what is an ecole? It means a school that raises mujtahids.
These are people who know Islam. A madhab is the way of right knowledge brought forth by those who know the way of knowledge (ilm) well. Otherwise, what happens where there is no knowledge (ilm) or wisdom (irfan)? It becomes a fabricated way that is brought forth by a random person. This is not like that. This is the scholarly understanding brought forth by scholarly people who know Islam and Prophet Muhammad’s way well, and they know Islam very well.
If you ask me how I know this, then I say we have been trying to study these for at least forty years with our humbleness, ignorance, and heedlessness. I have been impressed by them, and they are all perfect.
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There have been people out of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah who made great efforts in terms of scholarship, and they may have wrongs but I appreciate their right aspects and their endeavours. However, the wrongs always hurt them, and us. We will not side with the wrong. What we bring forth has to be right. If you bring forth the rights, the it will be easier for you to fight the wrongs. If you call this and that wrong without bringing forth what is true, then won’t they ask you, “Where are your truths?”
We are trying to bring forth all truths. If the truths are known, then the wrongs will disappear on their own. Just like darkness disappears when the Sun rises. This is what truths are like, they shine and darkness, wrongs, and ignorance will disappear. Ignorance is darkness, not knowing is darkness, and knowing wrong is even darker. We need to pay attention to these. I am saying all this to myself, but I am saying this to you because I consider you from me because we are all servants (qul) of Allah (c.c.), there is no doubt about this.
Now, let us talk about tayammum. Stating a deliberate intention is required in tayammum. Face and arms are wiped over with clean earth. Meaning, it has been described as two actions one intention. That is taught to us in our childhood. Even though the source is unknown, the knowledge itself comes from right source and the knowledge of Ummah-i Muhammad is very true and good.
On the other hand, if fallacies got mixed-in along with stories and fabrications, then it is different. Otherwise, our ancestors gave very good knowledge to our people. However, this has been distorted later, there has been an interruption. At some point knowledge did not come by urf (custom) and adat (local customary practices). It has been interrupted, it did not come by way of education either, there has been an interruption. There has been a crack here, and some people assaulted through that crack. They are pushing to ostracise Ahlus-Sunnah and place Ahlul Bid’ah (Deviant Innovation). There is much profit and gain for the powers with anti-Islamic agenda. What is it? If you ostracise Ahlus-Sunnah, and place Ahlul Bid’ah instead, then what will occur as much as the number of people? There will be many madhabs (schools), and dispositions that are totally useless. This is why they divided and segregated people. They have been endeavouring to destroy Ahlus-Sunnah.
Those efforts are useless, Ummah-i Muhammad is servant of Allah Ta’ala until the Last Day under the command of the Real (al-Haqq). That is why, bear all this in mind!
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