Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 195-198
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 195
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Then again, Janâb-i Haqq refers to Al-Quran Al-Karim as the guide that shows the way in the 2nd and 26th verses of Surah al-Baqarah . Such a pity that the fāsiqūn (sinners) are disturbed by the Quran and go astray. See, it increases the frustration of some, and strengthens the faith (iman) of some and takes them to Janna (Paradise). Those who disbelieve are the ones whose frustration and disbelief (kufr) are increased. They do the exact opposite of whatever Al-Quran Al-Karim says.
Moreover, the 41st verse of Surah al-Maidah  mentions those who pervert the words from their meanings, those with distorted hearts, and those who don’t give correct meaning to Al-Quran Al-Karim.
Pay attention! They distort the words, and not give them correct meanings. Why do they do that? That’s because they are trying to tailor Islam to someone. They distorted themselves, and they are trying to distort others.
Everyone shall abide by Islam. Islam does not abide by anyone. You cannot tailor the Book to you, rather you should follow the Book, follow its command and obey. The Book is the command of Allah. It was not sent down so that it can be tailored to the needs of certain people. Get your mind straight! Al-Quran Al-Karim is remedy and mercy (rahmat).
Says, “وَلاَ يَزِيدُ الظَّالِمِينَ إَلاَّ خَسَارًا” – “It increases the frustration of the wrongdoers (zalimun).”
See, it is but a remedy and mercy (rahmat) for the believers, but it increases the frustration of the wrongdoers (zalimun).
Now, the yad al-qudrah and the yad al-rahmat. So, what is said here is the hand of power and hand of mercy. So, when we say “yad” it means “hand”. Yad al-Qudrah and Yad al-Rahmat means Hand of Omnipotence and Hand of Mercy of Janâb-i Haqq. So, this is a warning about understanding the sifāt (attributes) and names of Allah correctly.
Now, insha ‘Allah we will continue to give you notes from other sources, and we will try to do that in our next lecture.
May Janâb-i Haqq make us among the servants (qul) who find life and bliss in both worlds.
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– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 196
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
May Almighty Allah’s salaam (peace), saadat (blessing), and bliss be upon all humanity. As for the unbelievers, may Janâb-i Haqq’s hidayat (guidance) be on them. Our life-giving lectures continue with the discovery notes on the verses whose core meanings we gave earlier. Almighty Allah gives a true message to people in every part of the world. Allah reads the souls to all servants (qul), and answers all of the wrongs with the truths. Allah presents the past freshly to humanity. Also, gives all of the true documents regarding the future. Almighty Allah lights the fadeless light of all humanity in the hearts through Islam, Al-Quran Al-Karim, and Prophet Muhammad. However, accepting this or not is bound to the free-will of every human being.
Now, whether it is Christians of Jews, Janâb-i Haqq also responds to their wrongdoings in Al-Quran Al-Karim with the truths. Says, “You concealed these truths,” to those who concealed certain truths in the past, and informs us about that as well.
Prophet Isaiah (a.s.). In the Book of Habakkuk and Book of Daniel there are so many glad tidings about the coming of Prophet Muhammad. See them in the Torah and in the Bible, you will find them. That is, there are glad tidings about the coming of Prophet Muhammad, and they address the ahlul kitab (people of the book).
Says, “Become Muslims, for Islam is the religion of the world. Allah is the Rabb of all humanity. All Prophets are Muslims.” I shall repeat. All holy books are books of Islam. When the duty of a Prophet is fulfilled, Allah gives another duty to another Prophet, and Allah chooses the Prophets. The last one who were given duty was Prophet Muhammad, bear this in mind! Let the world know this. You will not be doing any favours to humanity if you cover this truth, for you will all go to Allah and answer.
There are sustained bounties in the heavens and the earth. Allah bestows these bounties or nimat and divine favours. What does Janâb-i Haqq say? “I shall give you my sustained bounties in the heavens and in the earth. I shall bestow upon you many divine favours and bounties. I will be generous. I will gift things to you. I will donate things to you,” says Janâb-i Haqq. Says, “As long as you truly believe, have iman, and do good deeds (amal-e-saleh). Be true Muslims.”
Now, about the production of personal effort, and transitioning into the state of bliss, which is the entrance to the Jannat-ul-Naeem (Paradise).
See, Janâb-i Haqq prepared all of these as favours for the servants (qul), and says, “You go ahead and be truly productive with your personal effort, and then refers to a state of bliss. Janâb-i Haqq says, “Take real action, but always do legitimate things, and earn legitimate earnings, and spend them in a legitimate way, and then I shall admit you into Jannat-ul-Naeem (Paradise).”
Don’t forget that Allah’s hand of mercy (rahmat) is shedding mercy (rahmat) non-stop.
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For Allah (c.c.) encompassed all the worlds with Allah’s mercy (rahmat). Keeps shedding mercy (rahmat) continuously, and all these worlds are nothing but manifestations of the blessing of the most gracious (rahmat al-rahman). They were all created with mercy (rahmat) of Allah. Moreover, there is also a hand of punishment and hand of wrath of Janâb-i Haqq, which sheds punishment. Why? See, there is goodness for every good act. Just like that, there is Allah’s wrath and severe punishment in return of disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), and tyranny (zulm); and this is where Allah sheds punishment. As for decree (hukm), that is with Allah’s subhan al-irada. Allah is subhan (glorified), and rules with subhan al-irada. So, what is subhan al-irada? Almighty Allah who is praised, who does not have flaws or imperfections, who is free and away from all imperfections, who incorporates all holy attributes (sifāt), who is being glorified in all the worlds in eternity a parte (azal) and eternity a post (abad) is subhan (glorified). See, Allah gives the judgment (hukm) through Allah’s subhan al-irada.
That said, Janâb-i Haqq’s advice to the world is economics. See, economics is the name of being measured. Always be measured, and earn properly, and spend properly. Spend in the legitimate way. Your every work should be moderate and decent, and be equable. Prophet Muhammad says, “He who knows his economy never sees poverty.”
See, the religion of Islam is economics from a to z. That is, everything about it is measured and placed properly, and it is Almighty Allah who personally established these measures. That is why there is a complete justice in economics. See, there are faculties of economics all around the world, but what the entire world searches for is the true measure, which is divine. See the divine economics for example, the Islamic economics, and you will find all true measures and beauties in it.
See the 75th verse of Surah Ali Imran . Says, “If you entrust him with a quintal of goods will repay it to you in full.” See, there are such honest and upright people that even if you entrust them with a quintal of gold, and never look for him or ask about it, then he will protect it without touching any of it, and then he will return the treasure back in full. This verse of the Quran says that, and Abdullah ibn Salam is given as an example of that. Do you know who he is? He was a Jewish scholar, and he became a Muslim later. He said the following as he converted to Islam: “I read about Prophet Muhammad in the Torah in such a way that I knew that he would come better than I knew my own son.
See, Almighty Allah narrated Prophet Muhammad in the Torah and in the Bible. Those who knew the Torah and the Bible knew Prophet Muhammad better than their own sons.
He said, “I doubt my own son for his mother may have done something, but I had no doubt about the coming of Prophet Muhammad, and that he will become the Prophet of all the worlds, and that he would become the Prophet of Mercy, because I read about him and saw him in the Torah. See, Abdullah ibn Salam who said this was a Jewish scholar. He converted to Islam the moment he heard and saw Prophet Muhammad.
Later, he was entrusted with large amounts of gold, and he delivered them to their owners in full, without betraying any of it, and what is more, do you know to whom that gold belonged to? The Jews gave him the entrustments, along with the idolaters. So, regardless of who gave it, he delivered the entrustments to their owners in full, without betraying them, and he was fully honest.
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In this verse of the Quran, Janâb-i Haqq exemplifies honest and upright people here, and says there are some people who betray even a single dinar. See, the following is a statement of a Jew. He had one dinar which he entrusted, and he could get it back so hard. Do you know what would have happened if he who betrayed a single dinar was entrusted with much more gold? What if they were given treasures, state treasury, the state, the nation, and the homeland? What would they do? See, they would sell it all for personal interest. That is why Janâb-i Haqq gave his example, and says, “He shall betray even a single dinar.” See the 75th verse of Surah Ali Imran .
Janâb-i Haqq gave the message, “Be honest,” to all the worlds through Al-Quran Al-Karim, and gave examples of people such as Abdullah bin Salam.
Now, even the idolaters who tried to assassinate Prophet Muhammad, even the enemies of Prophet Muhammad gave him their entrustments, because Prophet Muhammad was trustworthy. See, everyone had brought their entrustments to the one they trusted most and gave him. Do you know what he did even on the night they wanted to kill him? He said to Ali, “Deliver these goods to their owners one by one.” He did not say, “They are my enemies and they want to kill me, and I have all these goods that belong to them, so I shall take some of them.” See, he told Ali to deliver all of the entrustments to their owners and then come back to Madinah. Islam is the embodiment of all honesty and righteousness from the earth to the ninth heaven, from azal to abad.
Editor’s note: Azal means past-eternity, and abad means eternity. Allah is the possessor of justice, and Allah is the fairest. Allah loves righteous, honest, and just people. Let nobody deceive anyone. Nobody should think they will enter Janna (Paradise) without being honest and righteous people. So, what is the remedy for this? Well, you need to repent (tawbah), ask for forgiveness (istighfar), and pay your dues.
Don’t devour the rights of humanity. Don’t eat off anyone’s single penny. Don’t you ever unjustly take even a pinhead that belongs to someone else, and if you did, then pay your dues and get your rights. See, there are intemperate people among ahlul kitab (people of the book) but there are also such righteous and honest people. Do you know what the honest people in ahlul kitab did? They became Muslims. They never deviated to wrongs, for the Torah bids righteousness. The Bible also bid righteousness and honesty. Al-Quran Al-Karim and all of the books of Allah bid everlasting righteousness. See, the Quran has renewed the past and it bids the truth, justice, and what is right to all humanity for all eternity. Janâb-i Haqq says, “فَاسْتَقِمْ كَمَا أُمِرْتَ” – “Be steadfast, just as you have been commanded.”
Editor’s note: That is the 112nd verse of Surah al-Hud .
Then, Janâb-i Haqq says to Prophet Muhammad: “وَاللّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ” – “O, Muhammad! Allah shall protect you from people.” Alaihissalatu wassalam.
Editor’s note: That is the 67th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
There have always been, and will always be ahlul kufr (people of disbelief), enemies of the truth, enemies of Allah, enemies of the Quran, enemies of Islam, enemies of all of the Prophets, enemies of what is right (haqq) and real (haqiqa), and fierce enemies of Prophet Muhammad. So, what did Allah Ta’ala say?
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Said, “Allah shall protect you from people.” Says, “وَاللّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ” and protected. He made the greatest reform and revolution in the world. At first, he broke the idols in the hearts and souls. The idols in the hearts were broken, and then tawhid iman (monotheism) shone from the hearts and souls, and then a divine order called Islam was established in the world.
Then again, as Alusi wrote, Allah says he will be punished if he does not do his duty as a Prophet. See, when we look at this from the other side of the window, what does Janâb-i Haqq say to our Prophet? Says, “I will punish you if you don’t do your duty as a Prophet.” And says, “There is no guardian that shall protect from the punishment of Allah.” Yes, if Allah protects you then nothing can harm you, but if Allah punishes you, then who will protect you? Nobody can protect you? Islam is Allah’s protection, and entering into protection means entrusting yourself to Allah. Get your head straight. Islam is the beginningless (azali) and endless (abadi) protection of Allah. Once you enter Islam and become a true Muslim, then you are under the protection of Allah. At least 300 angels are serving you in your body, and there more that serve you outside your body, there are the ones you cannot see. There are angels who were informed to us, and those who were not. Then again, when we see the 65th to 69th verses, we see so many hidden causes (hikmat), and so many lights are being shed, and lives are given. A call to humanity to repentance (tawbah), faith (iman), and good deeds (amal-e-saleh). What is being said to humanity? “Have faith (iman), repent, abstain from all evil, and do good deeds.” So, in a single phrase, “My religion is Islam,” says Almighty Allah. Says, “Be Muslims. Become true Muslims.” Also addresses the fake Muslims and says, “You should also become true Muslims.” Allah calls the non-Muslims to Islam. Almighty Allah calls to the endless rahmat, endless mercy, and Janna (Paradise), and calls to all that is good and beautiful. Allah calls to the endless bounties, not temporary ones, everlasting ones. Being a Muslim only by appearance will not save anyone from punishment. Now, please pay attention! He says he is a Muslim but he does not fulfil the commands of Islam and does the opposite. That is being a Muslim only by appearance, and it will not save anyone from the punishment of Allah. See, just like non-Muslims are not saved from punishment, those who become Muslims only by appearance and do the exact opposite of Islam are not saved from the punishment of Allah. Because being Muslim only by appearance will not save the person from punishment. So, be a true Muslim inside and outside, in terms of creed (itiqad), deeds (amal), morals (akhlaq), law, and your life-style, and live Islam in everything about you. Believe, and live it correctly. This is the true eternal salvation. Otherwise, a person who became a Muslim only by appearance will not be any different from the Jews, the Christians, or others. That is, a person who became only by appearance will not be different from Jews or Christians or others. What is the only difference? Well, he says, “لَا اِلَهَ اِلَّا اللهْ مُحَمَّدُ الرَّسُولُ اللهْ”.
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This way he is different from others. However, if you see his evil-doings, then a person who is a Muslim only by appearance falls into the same mistake as the Jews who betrayed the Bible and the Torah and did the opposite of what Bible and Torah said. As for a Muslim who is fully faithful both inside and outside and does good deeds (amal-e-saleh) has nothing to fear. Islam is that which saves you from all fear. Only love of Allah and fear of Allah will be left in you, and these are two wings with which you shall fly towards Allah. Other than that, Islam saves you from all fears. There will be salvation in your spiritual worlds. There will be salvation in your heart, and your worldly life (zahir). Why? Because you are under Allah’s protection, and Islam is Allah’s protection. For Islam is submission to Allah, it is not submission to a person. Others are also in need of Allah just like you. Everyone is in need of Allah. A Muslim who is fully faithful inside (zahir) and outside (bāṭin) and has good deeds (amal-e-saleh) is saved from all fears. Read the verses of the Quran and you will see that. We are talking about believing in Allah, the attributes (sifāt) of Allah, and all of the decrees (hukm) that Allah has sent down. Yes, you will believe in Allah but also you will believe in Allah’s attributes (sifāt), and holy names (asmāʾ), and all of the decrees (hukm) Allah has sent down. What did Allah send down? Allah has sent down Al-Quran Al-Karim. You need to believe in all of the decrees (hukm) that have been sent down, whatever came from Allah to our Prophet, and you need to believe in all of the Prophets.
You need to believe the way they were sent down. You shall believe the way they were sent down. So, you need to understand Al-Quran Al-Karim correctly, and believe in it correctly. You need to get it right. Al-Quran Al-Karim bears witness to the entire past, that is why you will not have confirmed the past or the future before you believe in the Quran correctly. For one thing, understand Al-Quran Al-Karim and Prophet Muhammad correctly, and when you believe the way Allah has sent down the Quran, then this faith (iman) is the one that shall save you forever and ever. You shall believe all decrees (hukm) that have been sent down by Allah the way they were sent down, you shall not twist the words or change their meanings, and you shall abide by those who know it correctly and truly. The ecole or school that knows correctly is Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. Other than that, there are mentalities of ahlul bid’ah (evil innovation) and dalalah (misguidance). They have rights but they also have wrongs. So, pay attention to the way of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. The way that understands Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam correctly, the way of Allah, and the way that follows Prophet Muhammad is the way of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. That is why Janâb-i Haqq calls all humanity to faith (iman) in the 136th verse of Surah al-Nisa . Allah wants ihlas (sincerity). See the 112th verse of Surah al-Baqarah , it gives you so many light shedding admonitions.
Now, let’s think about two groups in terms of religion. One is a true Muslim by appearance, by politics etc. The other is the non-Muslim lot who lives under the sovereignty of Islam.
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See, these are three groups. One of them is truly Muslim, another is Muslim only by appearance for political reasons, and there is also the non-Muslim lot. See, the non-Muslims have been living under the roof of Islam for centuries. Islam has been managing them and has not let anyone violate their rights to this day. They are also acknowledged with their religion. Now, look, their freedom of belief is observed. Now, a man says, “I am a non-Muslim,” or “I am a Jew.” Okay, he is free. The Jews can live their religion freely. Another one says, “I am a Christian.” I say, “You can live your Christianity freely.” Islam has given freedom of belief to everyone throughout centuries, and has given it to others as well.
Islam gave this freedom it gave to Muslims to others as well, including the Jews and the Christians. That said, Islam gave all nations freedom. They are observed, meaning they are protected, and their rights are protected as well, and they are not imposed upon. That is, nobody tells them what to believe, what to do, what to wear, what to put on, or etc. The religion of Islam does not let that happen. Everyone is free in their beliefs, and you cannot intervene. See, Islam introduced the real freedom to the world. Islam gave it. Nowadays people are being rejected from school gates because of their clothing, and this is the so-called contemporary world. This is happening while we talk about a world of science and a modern world. Still, people who live in their homelands are yet to embrace real freedoms. These are written in the constitutions, but by benefiting from the system or through some people, they took precedence over the freedoms and they are imposing, saying “What I say shall happen.” This is not freedom, this is imposition. The religion of Islam has never done that to any nation throughout history. Everyone is free in their religion. People can be sent to the Torah or Bible, but who? Those who say they are Jews are sent to the Torah, to their book. Those who say they are Christians are sent to the Bible, and others are also left free in their beliefs. This is the boundary of freedom in Islam, and Muslims are sent to Islam. Turkey is a country where 99% of the population is Muslim, and people say, “This is how I shall live for this is necessity of my belief.” These are written in the official constitution of the state, but legal opinions (fatwa) are given by the state officials, and imposition continues. A man comes forth and says, “This is my belief,” but another person says, “No,” and that person who imposes says, “You are doing these things with this or that motivation.” Where did you get that authority that lets you read my mind and limit my freedoms? Did your gun give you that authority? Or did you get it from your chair? What if someone else gets hold of that gun, aren’t you segregating people? So, you are ostracizing the faithful due to their beliefs, and what if they defend their beliefs against you? Is it you who divide people or is it them? Are you imposing, or are they imposing? Are you crazy, or are they crazy? Don’t do this, and I am addressing all peoples here.
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Let Muslims live Islam. Women of Islam has been wearing tasattur for 14 centuries. That is a command of Al-Quran Al-Karim. Tasattur is essential in Islam, but you are neglecting this and you are saying, “You will not understand the Quran as it is, you will understand it the way I say.” Who are you? Are you a mujtahid? No, you are not. Are you a mufassir (author)? No, you are not. Are you a muhaddith (memorizer)? No. Who are you? You are nothing but an imposer. Do you know better than Al-Imam Al-Azam? Do you know better than Imam al-Malik? Do you know better than Imam al-Shafi’i or Imam al-Hanbali? There are excellent scholars and scientists of the world who came from that ecole to this day. Do you know better than them? No, you don’t. So, you only know how to impose yourself on people.
See, he has taken something in his hand, he has the authority and he uses it to block freedom. This nation is more loyal to the regime than you, they are more loyal to their homeland than you, and this nation is more patriotic than you. This nation will protect all their values better than you. You need to renounce imposition, for you want to play this nation off against each other. Your mentality is wrong. This nation is such a dignified nation that will keep its silence and be patient, but it will put you in your place if they rear up. This nation will know how to legitimately put you in your place, for this nation is a noble nation. This nation has been travelling on a legitimate path, and this legitimate path will put you in your place, but not by doing tyranny like yourself.
Now, ahkam (plural of hukm) is the constitution which everyone is subjected to in terms of worldly matters. Provided that everyone is free. In terms of ahkam (plural of hukm), everyone is subject to the same constitution in terms of worldly matters. However, the constitution is for preserving freedoms. For 14 centuries the constitution has been placed for protecting freedoms. You cannot make constitutions in order to hinder freedom. Islamic constitution has been protecting and preserving people’s freedoms in the world throughout history, see the Mecelle (civil code), and the verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim. They have used an article that is used in the west for freedom in order to hinder freedoms in Turkey. We don’t take neither the east nor the west as an example, if a person is a Muslim, then living Islam is his right, and he should live it. If he is a Christian, Buddhist, or an idolater, then he can live however he wants, but people should not refrain from saying the truths to each other, and let people continue to convey knowledge to each other. This is spreading knowledge (tabligh), and people have to benefit from one another. If you don’t give people freedom of speech and intellectual freedom, and if you don’t let people express what they think, then you will have blocked freedoms and laid concrete on brains and hinder them, and that nation will not advance. You are saying, “You will not think,” to people. You are saying, “You will not think, and if you think, then you will think like me.” There is no law in the world like that. Almighty Allah brought forth Islam, but left everyone free. What does Allah say? “I am a true Allah, and Islam is the true religion, but I am presenting this to your free will.” The world is but a test. If you believe, then it is for your own good. If you don’t, then it is to your detriment. Allah left people free in the world, and did not constrain anyone. See, even if that is a right of Allah, Allah still does not use force.
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As for you, you do use force. You break the law you made one day ago. You neglect the laws and commands of Allah. And now, you are breaking the law that you made the day before. However, Allah has beginningless (azali) and everlasting (abadi) valid laws. If you don’t believe in Allah then there are those who do. You may have closed your eyes and ears, and lost your heart. But there are people who don’t close their eyes and ears. There are believers. There are people who believe in Allah’s existence before themselves. There are those who believe that Allah was present before this universe. There are those who say this universe would not exist if Allah was not present. There are those who certainly believe in the Prophethood of Muhammad. There are one and a half billion believers who believe that Al-Quran Al-Karim is a true (haqq) book. Narrate it to the world correctly, and everyone will become Muslims. See, this is the core reason they don’t narrate it and impose other things on people. They are inventing terror, and segregating people, and they are the source of reactionism. That is, those who don’t give people their constitutional rights, and those who don’t let them give them, those who don’t give people their legitimate rights, those who destroy freedom, the imposers. That is why Almighty Islam says equality in law and duties. See, equality in justice and freedom was heralded by Islam. Equality in law and duties. Equality in justice and freedom was heralded. History bears witness. The history of Islam and history of the world. People from all beliefs have lived freely under the sovereignty of Islam throughout history. Do you know what people of the church said during the Conquest of Istanbul? They said, “We would like to see Ottoman turban here,” and Mehmet II said, “You are free, and your life is my life,” to people of all faiths including Christians and Jews, and assured them, and all history bears witness to that. As for Umar, he personally guarded the camel trains of non-Muslims at night. He was the Caliph of a state as big as 30 countries, and he could easily send someone to guard them. So, don’t slander Islam. Some people may do wrongs, but there are no flaws or wrongs in Islam. The wrongs are in those who attack Islam, and those who don’t know Islam. That is why non-Muslims have always benefited from the social and political values of the sharia (law) of Islam. Their rights and remedies were not hindered throughout history.
Now, the absolute glad tiding is something spiritual, and it is in eternal bliss. The religion of Islam is both the assurance of the world, and it is an everlasting and spiritual bliss, and an absolute glad tiding. The glad tidings that are given by Islam are absolute and everlasting good news. There is no correlation whatsoever with dreams. There are no dreams, fabrications, falsehoods, or bid’ah in Islam. There is only reality (haqiqa) because it is the word (kalam) of Allah. Throughout centuries, no matter what belief people had, all nations have lived alongside Muslims freely.
Now, the worldly glad tiding is given to the true Muslims, and as for spiritual glad tidings, they are also given to the true Muslims.
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The worldly glad tidings are for true Muslims. As long as a person is a real Muslim his worldly life is also good, and he works for the better good of all nations. But the true glad tiding that will be his true reward is the Janna (Paradise), why? Because one can enter Janna (Paradise) through faith (iman) and good deeds (amal-e-saleh). Everyone in the world is living in justice. The world is under the justice of Islam. Everyone will take their share of this glad tiding that is the world. However, one needs faith (iman) and good deeds (amal-e-saleh) in order to enter Janna (Paradise). And naturally, those who portray themselves as Muslims but deal deeds that are worse than infidels will never enter Janna (Paradise). They are called hypocrites or munafiqun. Let us see what al-Zayla’i says.
The hodja recites the original text of the following quote.
Says, “What is to our detriment is to their detriment, and what is for our benefit is for their benefit.” Who does he address? He addresses all non-Muslims, and all nations. Says, whatever there is to the detriment of Muslims is for their detriment. Says, we are all the same, and there is equality. Do you know who says that? Al-Zayla’i said it, and he is no ordinary person. He is someone who knows Islam well. That is why worldly and spiritual glad tidings are for true Muslims. Everyone in the world has gotten their share of this glad tiding, but true glad tiding is given to person who is a real Muslim. The worldly life will pass one way or another. No matter which glad tidings you get or which religion you choose, your worldly life will pass. However, there is a barzakh of this world, and there is a grave, then we will rise and go to the everlasting afterlife (ākhira) from which there is no return. The world has an end, we came to the world but we will return. We are returning. So many people have returned, they are in the realm of barzakh right now, and we will also return. Moreover, from there we will go to the afterlife (ākhira) and stay there forever. Now, there are two realms in the afterlife (ākhira), one is the world of paradise (Janna) and the other is the world of hell (jahannam), and neither of them was created for nothing. See the 40th verse of Surah al-Baqarah , what does Janâb-i Haqq say to ahlul kitab (people of the book)? Said, “Keep your world.” Said, “You gave me your word. You gave Musa (Moses) and Isa (Jesus) your word. You were going to become Muslims. You were going to affirm the Prophethood of Muhammad when he came. Keep your word.” Where does Janâb-i Haqq say that? That is in the 40th verse of Surah al-Baqarah , and Allah calls people to Islam in many other verses of the Quran. Allah is one, and there is one religion of Allah. Allah has renewed the religion with Islam. Islam is the only religion, it has always been one, and it is one today. That is why Allah calls the entire world to Islam, but leaves everyone free, and does not force anyone. Allah wants people who adopt faith (iman) with pleasure, without having second thoughts, in a certain and absolute manner. Allah does not accept faiths (imans) that are not absolute. Yaqeen iman (certain faith) is the true and real faith (iman). The State of Islam was found, and justice has been manifested. Allah has kept the promise, for Allah does not break a promise. Allah said, “Muhammad will come,” and he came. Allah said, “The Quran will be sent down,” and it was sent down. Allah said, “Islam will be implemented in the world,” and it has been implemented for 14 centuries and it will stay until the Last Day.
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See, it is not possible to say the sun that shed light on earth to this day will not give light anymore, for this Islam is a truth and a reality. That is why the world is being called to this truth and reality. It is said that ahlul kitab (people of the book) have not fulfilled their word. Had they did, this duality would be removed from the face of the earth, for Allah is One, and everyone would have united in Islam which is the only religion. See, it is said that ahlul kitab (people of the book), foremost the Jews and the Christians; they have not fulfilled their word. Do you see what they still want to do in order to deceive Muslims using the Quran? They could not deceive Muslims any other way, so they chose the path of deceiving them with Al-Quran Al-Karim, they have worked for that throughout centuries, and they are still on it. What do they say? Now, there are those like Kazmireski, Quran Analyst Authors. The French took the verses to pieces in the translation of the Quran. See, the French have taken the verses to pieces, and they have played games that suit the French politics on the Muslims of Algeria by placing notes on the verses. This game is being played all around the globe. Right now, foremost comes Turkey, Egypt, and Pakistan, and Algeria is also among these countries. They are trying to deceive the Muslim world using the Quran. So, what do they say?
These are so-called Quran Analyst Authors, they pull the verses to pieces according to their whim, give them false meanings, and try to present the world a wrong Quran. Yet their efforts are useless in the face of Al-Quran Al-Karim, for there are those who know the Quran. Yes, you may distort a book and yourself, but there are billions of correct books. Besides, the Quran does not accept wrongs, rather you will be smacked with it, and it does not matter whether they are easterners or westerners. Those who betray Al-Quran Al-Karim will be destroyed themselves, like they have been so far. You may deceive some poor fellows, but you cannot ever distort the true order and laws of Allah, because you could not distort it and you will never be able to distort it, and it is Allah Ta’ala who says this.
The hodja recites the 24th verse of Surah al-Baqarah .
“You could not, and you will not.”
The verse says that Jahannam (Hell) awaits those who deny Al-Quran Al-Karim. See, Jahannam (Hell) lies in wait for the deniers of Al-Quran Al-Karim, it is ready. So, come to Janna (Paradise). O, servants (qul) of Allah! Children of Adam, come to the Janna (Paradise)! What will you gain by denying Al-Quran Al-Karim? There will be nothing but everlasting frustration and loss, it will be a pity.
Now, they say the first mujtahids forgot the way of Prophet Muhammad. This is one of the lies and frauds that so-called Quran analysts who try to deceive people using the Quran say. They say that the first mujtahids forgot the way of Prophet Muhammad. They say they left the way and the humanitarian values because Islamic victories got them too excited. They say the superiority of the West brought tranquillity to Islam and the pride. They said, “The fathers of law shall come.” See, if the West could acquire somethings, then they did because of Islam.
Now, a new madhab (school) is being established in France.
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See, at that time it was in France, but they are now working in various places. Imperialist powers are working in every corner of the world. They said that Islam will become Orthodox, and it will not be any less Orthodox than the current Orthodoxies. Now, there is an effort to turn the religion of Islam into Orthodox. There are unwary young people who wish to be agents of this madhab (school). There are heedless young people in the world of Islam. See, these heedless young people are busy in French work, and they have political interests. See, they have their eyes on chair and position. They also left wrong opinions.
There isn’t anyone among our new or old mujtahids and all of our other âlims who wanted these verses to be abrogated (naskh), and there is no possibility of that. Neither our old mujtahids nor our new mujtahids have said that these verses are nullified and they have been abrogated (naskh). There is no mujtahid who says that, and there cannot be any. If there are, then they are ignorant servants of some non-mujtahid people, and they are not mujtahids. Nobody has the right to slander old or new mujtahids. There aren’t any abrogations (naskh) in the fundamentals of belief and other essentials or the news, and there is consensus in that. I shall say that again. There are no abrogations (naskh) in the fundamentals of faith and other essentials and given news, and there is consensus in that there are no abrogations (naskh). So, what is an abrogation (naskh)? See, the provisions that are changed are the secondary (farʿ) provisions that change as time goes by and settings change, and as vested interests and situations change. The changes are not in the primary (asl) provisions but in secondary (farʿ) ones. So, what changes in secondary (farʿ) provisions? Well, conditions may change but Islam will bring new provisions for them, but Islam does not change. New secondary (farʿ) provisions are brought as conditions change. New rules are brought with secondary (farʿ) provisions, and answers are given. See, new eras trail behind Islam. Islam is ahead of all eras. It is the religion of Islam that says, “come after me,” to all eras. What civilization are you talking about? Even if the world established a civilization that is billions of times more advanced than the current one, the civilization of the Quran will still say, “Come a little further,” to it. This is the civilization of Islam, the divine civilization which is beginningless (azali) and eternal (abadi). You are now stuck in the current era with your narrow-mind. Enter into the horizon of Islam and the Quran, and see how Islam calls them after itself. Wrong beliefs and fasid (corrupt) ideas are rejected and aborted in primary (asl) and secondary (farʿ). Besides, the religion of Islam has already rejected all wrong beliefs. Islam has rejected fasid (corrupt) ideas both in primary (asl) and secondary (farʿ). The primary (asl) provisions (hukm) of Islam are excellent. As for the secondary (farʿ) provisions, the gates of ijtihad are open until the Last Day. Islam has endless knowledge (ilm) that encompasses all eras, and it is fairly easy to deduce what is unknown from what is known, no matter what subject.
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Every Prophet, including Isa (Jesus) and Musa (Moses) have spread (tabligh) the fundamentals of faith that Prophet Muhammad (asw) has spread (tabligh). So, the faiths (iman) of Musa (Moses) and Isa (Jesus) are the same as the faith (iman) of Prophet Muhammad. The faiths (iman) of all Prophets are the same. Can you say this is nullified? Can you say this has been abrogated (naskh)? Allah has always been one, and sure is one. All Prophets of Allah are true (haqq) Prophets. The angels are created from nūr (light), and they are servants (qul) of Allah. The world and the afterlife (ākhira), Janna (Paradise) and Jahannam (Hell), Mahkamah al-Kubra (the Greater Court), mizan (the scale), and deed books… Do you have a chance to deny any of that? Can these be abrogated (naskh)? These are eternal (abadi), and non-abrogated primary (asl) decrees (hukm). That is why those who don’t accept what Prophet Muhammad, Musa (Moses) and Isa (Jesus) have announced (tabligh), such as some Jews and Christians, the hypocrites (munafiqun) in Islam and others have all become disbelievers (kāfir). See, whoever disbelieves in what Prophets announced (tabligh) are disbelievers (kāfir). It does not matter if they portray themselves as Muslims, be Jews or be Christians. There cannot be religion (din) when you disbelieve in what Prophets announce (tabligh). Nobody should deceive himself. Their claims about mujtahids are straight-up lies. The mujtahids of Islam have never said these verses were abrogated (naskh). This is a slander to all mujtahids, and it is such a bigoted act. See the works of our grand mujtahids and grand mufassirs, you will be able to find these. You will see opinions that are similar to these. See the works of al-Qurtubi, his exegesis (tafsir) for example. See the works of Fakhr al-Din al-Razi. See the works of Muhammad Hamdi Yazır Elmalılı, and you will find these truths, and you will find so many other truths.
These are attacks and slanders of French doctors for invitation to the new French madhab (school). See, they have attacked and slandered the mujtahids of Islam. They could not find any other way, and theirs is a fully bigoted, outdated, and backward politics. The mujtahids of Islam are the utmost jurists of the world, they are Islamic scholars (âlim). Yes, no matter who he is, every person who has real and haqq knowledge is valuable, and the mujtahids of Islam are also valuable. It is a weird slander that they said, “They forgot about the humanitarian principles,” regarding the mujtahids. What they did is a result of a non-humane conceit. Without a doubt, Prophet Muhammad (asw) gave the utmost lesson of politics to the world just like he gave lessons about all matters. See, the greatest, just, real, haqq, and holy politics of the world is the politics of Prophet Muhammad, and whatever the world have learned has been taught by Prophet Muhammad. Whatever the world learned right, it has learned everything from Prophet Muhammad. Go and see Bismarck. What does Bismarck say? What does Roy say? After that, see others. Now, there are those who know this reality in the west and the east, and there are those who confess. Moreover, there are also so many backward mentalities that assault Islam and the mujtahids of Islam.
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Islam protects and upgrades. Development and change are in the essentials of Islam. For Islam came for non-stop development of humanity. Islam protects and develops. Laws of development, change, and revolution are present in Islam itself. Those who say it is not present will be irreligious in this context, and let me tell you this, they will think religion and politics cannot come together. No, the real politics is Islam itself. Irreligious people deny the law of preservation, meaning they deny the fixed decrees. That is, the irreligious. There are problems of the circles that understand the religion in a narrow frame, and there are also problems of the irreligious. That said, Islam itself solves both problems. See, in the 98th verse of Surah al-An’am  Janâb-i Haqq says: “Allah created you from a single soul.” The entire mankind was created from Adam. They are all from Adam’s lineage. There is not even a single reason that shall cause people of the world to fall apart and become hostile towards each other. People produced wrongs themselves. People themselves deviated from the truth and haqq. Jahannam (Hell) was not created primarily, but Janna (Paradise) was created primarily. People caused the creation of Jahannam (Hell) themselves. Disbelief (kufr) is not essential (asl-i), but belief (iman) is essential (asl-i).
People invented disbelief (kufr), and earned it. Do you know what happened when people earned disbelief (kufr) and polytheism (shirk) and when they inflicted cruelty and became sinners (fasiq)? Do you know what people substituted faith (iman), knowledge (ilm), and wisdom (irfan) with? They substituted those with polytheism (shirk) and disbelief (kufr). They placed their own souls (nafs), the Shaitan, and others in the place of Allah. Do you know what happened then? Well, people themselves abandoned faith (iman) and reality. They abandoned Allah, and earned other wrong things. That is why Jahannam (Hell) was created, and humanity ruined themselves. We are telling you. It goes with orders of protection, change, and istıfâ (selection). Pay attention to this! It goes with orders of protection, change, and istıfâ (selection). Istıfâ is a complete selection. Istıfâ (selection) is to make something attain perfection. It is to filter out an ore and get the best fragment of it. It is to develop what is good and put it on a journey towards perfection. Islam is here for that. A religion without a law of preservation is no religion. Pay attention to this as well! A religion without a law of preservation is no religion. That is why the religion of Islam is preservative, and it protects the inviolable rights at first. Islam has an aspect that protects the inviolable rights such as, protecting life, protecting offspring, protecting the religion, protecting reason (aql), protecting goods, property, and freedom. See Islam has given every human being a complete right of inviolability. That is why the religion of Islam is a truly holy religion that protects and preserves true values, rights and remedies, and freedoms.
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It is also a religion that develops and upgrades at the same time. A religion that does not incorporate change is no religion. Islam is a universal religion. That is why the religion of Islam immediately shows new remedies for new conditions that emerge in the world. Change and development are essentials in Islam, but we are talking about advancement in what is beneficial, not in loss. Advancement for the benefit of all creatures is essential in Islam. That is why a religion that does not incorporate change is no religion. Islam is a universal religion. Islam incorporates ever law in the perfect sense. The laws in Islam are divine laws, and that is why there are truly perfect laws. The laws in Islam are divine. They are from Allah’s book, and therefore, Al-Quran Al-Karim and contents of Islam are the laws of Allah. Preservation is an attribute of the primary (asl), bear this in mind! As for change and development, they are attributes of the secondary (farʿ).
So, the primary (asl-i) laws of Islam are to be preserved. Therefore, preservation is an attribute of the primary (asl). As for change and development, they are attributes of the secondary (farʿ). Therefore, advancement and development from primary (asl) to secondary (farʿ), from what is known to what is unknown has to continue non-stop. That is what Islam wants. That is what Islam is. The decrees (hukm) of the religion and the truth (haqq), along with the politics of Muhammad are sovereign (haqim) in the entire being of Muhammad. Prophet Muhammad (asw), with his religious politics and his life, with every fibre of his being and his humanity, is a religious figure that is oriented at the command of the Real (al-Haqq), and he is en envoy of Allah. He is also a revered figure who taught true and haqq politics to the world. The Prophets who came before him were also like that. However, they were giving messages to their own people, but the message of Prophet Muhammad is universal, it is for all nations and all eras until the Last Day, and it is also eternal. His condition also continues in the Janna (Paradise), for he is the Last Prophet.
Now, if so-called Quran Analyst Authors such as Kazmireski had not pulled the verses to pieces, they would not have been so deceiving. That said, the Quran responded to them with these words.
The hodja recites the 51st verse of Surah al-Maidah .
Says the following.
“Whoever befriends those wrong people who are out of Islam, who attack Islam, who are not friendly towards Islam, who are not friendly towards Muslims, is one of them,” says Janâb-i Haqq in the 51st verse of Surah al-Maidah . Also, see the 57th, 59th, 62nd, 63rd, and 64th verses. Janâb-i Haqq replied this mentality. See, the Quran has an answer for everything until the Last Day.
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What is being said? Islam and Muslims are friends of the universe, but there are those who are not friendly towards Islam, and Janâb-i Haqq says do not befriend them. Says, “Do not befriend those who are unfriendly towards Islam and Muslims.” Yes, we are friendly towards everyone, and we have to be, but Allah introduces us those who are unfriendly towards us, and says, “Don’t befriend them.” That is why Muslims should see the world well, read it well, and understand it well, for Islam came to save the entire world. May no one get carried away by wrongs, rather everyone should abide by the Quran, sunnah (customs), ijma (consensus), and qiyas (analogy).
That said, you should never imitate anyone other than mujtahids and Ahlus-Sunnah. Don’t you ever imitate anyone except mujtahids and Ahlus-Sunnah, and don’t be false imitators. What you imitate should either be the way of Ahlus-Sunnah and mujtahids of Ahlus-Sunnah. There is an ecole (school) there. Be wary of those who wish to use the Quran and give it false meanings. Beware of those who distort it! Be wary of enemies of madhab, but what do we mean by that? Well, madhab means the way of knowledge of the mujtahids who know Islam, it is an ecole. There are those who wish to take out the ecole and then lower the religion to the level of others. The enemies of madhab are those who do this secretly or openly, by knowing or without knowing, and those who do that without knowing what they are doing. If they are doing this treason knowingly, then they are traitors, and if they are doing it without knowing, then they are ignorant people, so be wary of them. “Do not mix the truth with wrongs,” says Almighty Allah.
The hodja recites the 42nd verses of Surah al-Baqarah .
Says, “Do not mix the truth with wrongs.” Do not conceal the truth. Islam cannot be concealed. Al-Quran Al-Karim cannot be concealed. Islam is a sun; how will you cover it? It is brighter than the sun, truer than the truth, the only thing that is real. Al-Quran Al-Karim is the book of Allah. All divine decrees (hukm) that Prophet Muhammad implemented on earth in the name of Islam are righteous and real, can you conceal them?
Says, “Do not mix the truth with wrong,” for one thing, Al-Quran Al-Karim rejects wrongs. If you know Islam and the Quran, then falsehood cannot mix in, but if you don’t know them, then someone will tell you something and they will deceive you, cheat you, and play with you. You will be deceived by polished and adorned advertisements, so be wary. See the 59th verse of Surah al-Maidah , where Janâb-i Haqq says, “Are you vindictive toward us because of any reason except that we believe in the Books and the Prophets?” Whom are being addressed here? This is said to the Jews and the Christians and the others. Muslims believe in all of the books and all of the Prophets. Muslims believe in whatever was sent down to all Prophets. So, Janâb-i Haqq says, “Ask them, ‘Do you dislike us because we believe like that?’” Allah says that in the 59th verse of Surah al-Maidah , and I gave you the core meaning of these verses before, and we are now giving you the discovery notes of the verses so that the matter can be understood well. Then again, in the 46th verse of Surah al-Nisa , it is said that those who change the words are people who are stuck in disbelief (kufr) and curse. There have been people who wanted to change the Torah, and change the words in it. See, they cannot change the words in Al-Quran Al-Karim, but they wrongly comment on the Quran. Their brains are perverted, changed. They are making wrong comments on it. They are trying to give wrong messages to some people. What are they doing it for? These are ahlul kufr (people of disbelief) and accursed people. Can one betray Allah’s book? Can one change the words in it? Rather, you should know it in the best possible manner and then explain it to the public. That is righteousness and honesty. That is working for the better good of humanity. We are not addressing the French here. We are addressing those who don’t work for Islam, those who forgot their values, and the remnants so that they may see their ends. Who are we addressing more? We are addressing those who say, “We are Muslims,” and don’t work for Islam, and those who forgot their values, and the remnants. Who says these? Well, our mufassirs say the same thing, and I say the same thing as well. They say, “Let them see their ends.”
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O, my friend! Be wary. So, you are a Muslim. Let the French be French. Let the others be themselves. Let the westerners be westerners, and easterners be easterners, a northerner be northerners. You are a Muslim, so why won’t you work for Islam? Working for Islam is working for the better good of all humanity because Islam came for all people. Islam is the mercy (rahmat) of Allah that embraces all humanity, and it is the everlasting (abadi) bliss and mercy. See, Islam is both rahmat al-rahman and rahmat al-rahim because Janna (Paradise) shall continue to exist forever. So, our duty is to be excellent believers, work, and win the victory. That is our duty.
The duty of every person who calls himself a Muslim is to become excellent believers, work in the best possible way and win the victory. See, Islam settles peace on earth. That is the victory. The sinful believers (fāsiqūn) put a slur of defeat on Islam, which is always victorious. Beware! There are no defeats in Islam. Islam is always victorious, but fasiq (sinful) people, lesser people, and those who think they are Muslims put a slur of defeat on Islam. There are no defeats in Islam, rather there are everlasting victories. See, can Allah be defeated?
Islam is the order of Allah, and if you don’t protect Islam, then you will be defeated but Islam will not be defeated, and Allah will not be defeated. There are people who look like Muslims in name, image, appearance, and on paper. They are those who don’t work for Islam. See, vaad al-ilahi (promise of the divine) and the glad tidings of Allah are unattainable by anyone unless one has faith (iman) and he is a person of good deeds (ahlul amal-a-saleh). You should absolutely work for Islam. His name is Muslim. His image is Muslim. His appearance is Muslim. He is officially a Muslim. He looks Muslim, but he does not ever work for Islam. There is no glad tiding for them, and what does Allah do to them? Says, “So, you were a Muslim, but why did you not work for Islam? Islam was for setting the peace on earth, and for salvation of humanity, why did you not do it?”
So, about vaad al-ilahi (promise of the divine) and glad tidings, who are they for? Well, they are for people of faith (iman) and good deeds (amal-e-saleh) and true Muslims. Yes, the east and the west may change but the divine law does not change. See, the promise of Allah does not change. It is not about looking like a believer, but being an excellent believer, and achieving victory through hard work. So, what is the essential thing to do? Well, it is not portraying yourself as a Muslim, but becoming an excellent believer, and achieving victory by working. Faith (iman) and Islam cannot ever be defeated. So, when you don’t work for Islam, it means you are defeated. Know this, and don’t forget! Now, Janâb-i Haqq reads the souls of many people among humanity, and there are also Sabians. See, the Sabians. Those who quit a well-known religion to another religion are called Sabians.
Now, Al-Quran Al-Karim gives you information about them as well, and we gave their essential meanings, and now we will try to give their discovery and tafsir (exegesis) notes as well. Âsım Efendi said that. He said, “Those who quit a well-known religion and enter another is called Sabian.” Ibn-ul Esir also said the same thing, along with Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and Abu Hayyan. There are also those who say, Sabiî is the son of either Idris or Seth. Some say it is Syriac or something else; some have this opinion. That said these are Arabic terms and it also means a deviant who worships stars.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 197
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Those who think they follow the religion of Nuh (Noah). Their qiblah, in half of the day, is where the north wind blows. Then again, this narration that is based on Asım Efendi is his opinions on the Sabians and we will continue to convey narrations (riwayat) and their explanations (dirayat). Tezhib. Nevevi. “It is like the Christianity. Their qiblah is where the northern wind blows. Says, “The situation of the Sabians is a religion between Judaism, Christianity, and Majūs.” Who says it? Well, that is said in the sources that were recorded by Tezhib and Nevevi. The Sabians worship angels, stars, and idols. It is an old madhab that changed through deviations. The Syriacs and Gıldanis represent it. Greek and Rum religions are the reflection of these. The Naptis in Al-Jazirah and Mosul. Philosopher Thābit ibn Qurra is among them. He lived in Harran. You know today’s Harran, right? He lived in the Harran Plain. Also, some claim the word Ṣābi is the name of Idris Alaihissalam. Then again, the word Saab is accepted to be derived from Ṣābi. Some say that is the son of Idris. As for Abulfeda, in this source he said, “first of ummahs.” It is said, “fist of ummahs.” There are books ascribed to Seth Alaihissalam. That is, what is known is that they ascribe the book to Seth Alaihissalam. Akhlaq (morals). They have an akhlaq (morals) of their own. They have seven times of namāz (prayer). They perform namāz (prayer) in mid-morning, and the 6th hour of the night, and also, they have 7 times of namāz (prayer). They also have funeral prayers (janazah namaz). They also fast for a month. They have star holidays. “Zuhal, Mustevi, Mırri, Zuhre, Utarit,” they call these 5 dazed. They have a place in Harran. They go there for pilgrimage (hajj). The place where they visit for pilgrimage (hajj) is in Harran. They respect Baitullah. They respect Baitullah, Kaaba al-Sharif. They call the Egypt Ehrams the grave of Seth, Idris and Ṣābi. They respect the “şeref burç“ of the Sun. Ibn-i Hazm said that Prophet Ibrahim was sent to them. What would they do? What would they do? They would worship angels and stars. Al-Shahrastani says the following: “In the time of Prophet Ibrahim, people were in two classes, the Sabians and the Hanifs. So, what does Hanif mean? Well, they are those who accept Allah’s unity, and believe in the one Allah. Islam is Hanif religion, it is hanif. The creeds of all Prophets are hanif. That is, all Prophets believe in the principle of Allah’s unity. The Sabians say, “The ruhaniyah becomes the intermediary.” That is, Sabians do not accept human beings becoming Prophet. They accept the ruhaniyah of the angels, and in the end, they worship the angels. As for Hanifs, they say the intermediary can be a human. That is, they say human-beings are made Prophets, and that is the truth.
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For Allah sent Muhammad as a Prophet for people, and made Jibril Alaihissalam an envoy between Allah and the Prophet. That said, Jibril (a.s.) is among the arch-angels. The 83rd verse of Surah al-Isra  says, “Prophets are human.” Also, in the 110th verse of Surah al-Kahf  he says, “I am just a human being like you,” the Prophet says that.
Now, Rum Sabians sought refuge in 7 planets. Then again, Sabians are scattered across the globe, there are Rum Sabians for example, and they sought refuge in 7 planets, and they made sculptures of said planets.
What did they call them? Ashâb-ı Eşhas (sahıscilar), they called it. The Indian Sabians sought refuge in sittis meaning sabites, which means stars. See, these are Indian Sabians, and there are also Rum Sabians. We also counted the others, these are called Ashab-ı Hayakil. They acknowledge Azimuth and Hurmuz as masters.
Ibrahim (a.s.) had settled hanifship in them. Among the Sabians, those who don’t accept mahsus and makul are called Safastahiyyah. Among its branches, Tabiiyyah does not accept what is taught but what is felt. The Tabiiyyah branch of them is that. They don’t accept what is thought, but they accept what is felt. There is also Dehriyyah. There are Tabiiyyah and Dehriyyah. Those who are in Dehriyyah do not accept punishment of provision (hukm). These are the Dehris, and there are Dehri philosophers as well. They don’t accept punishment or provision (hukm), they don’t accept the sharia (law) of Islam. Who? That is, the Sabians do not accept the sharia (law) of Islam. Those who accept some sort of a religion are Christians and Jews.
They don’t accept the sharia (law) of Prophet Muhammad. Besides, what they believe in is not the values that are brought by Musa, Torah, or Bible. Even if they have rights. Islam incorporates all sharias (laws) and believes. That is, the religion that believes in all sharias (laws) of all Prophets of the past is Islam. That is, all Prophets, bear that in mind! The religion of Islam believes in all of the holy books sent by Allah. The reality, realities of the past, and all documents regarding future are present in Islam. That is why the faith (iman) of Islam is universal. It incorporates both past and future. See, universal spirit, the true faith (iman), and the real religion is Islam. The fundamentals (amantu) of Islam incorporate Isa, Musa, Ibrahim, Nuh, and all Prophets. Believing in all Prophets and all Holy Books are present in the faith (iman) of every Muslim.
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The Quran has renewed all. One should abide by and act upon Islam and the Quran. That is the religion (din) of all humanity. People may accept it or not, that is up to them. The Hanifs invite people to the innate nature (fitrah). The Hanifs are those who accept Allah’s unity and Islam. They invite people to the innate nature (fitrah). The religion of Islam is an innate (fitrah) religion. It is the innate (fitrah) religion that develops the creation and upgrades it to perfection and it suits the purpose of creation. That is why Hanifs invite to innate nature (fitrah). The spirit is affected by the jism (body), and the jism (body) is affected by the soul. They are both works and proofs of the Real (al-Haqq). Human beings are created as body and soul. The religion of Islam is oriented towards bodies, hearts, and souls, this world and the next, and it brought forth all laws, rules, and news. Islam has written the real and divine life-giving prescription. That is why there is devilry as opposed to angelhood. Islam always protects people from the Shaitan. Islam protects from evil powers. Protects from evil. Angel and Shaitan, belief (iman) and disbelief (kufr) are opposing poles. Belief (iman) and Islam are always on the side of Allah. As for the Shaitan and his factions, or the factions that are on his side, they are always against Islam. Angels serve humans. Bear this in mind! Angels were created, but they were created for serving humans. Every piece of grass has its own angel, and every drop of water in a rain has its own angel. At least 360 angels are serving a human being. These are what we know, there are more that we don’t know. There is a way from Allah to humans. See, Islam is the path that comes from Allah to humans, and Islam itself is the way that goes from humans to Allah. Its leader is Prophet Muhammad. Its guide is Al-Quran Al-Karim. We are telling you, and it is up to everyone’s free will to believe or not. People may believe or disbelieve, that is up to them. As for creation, command, bounds, limits, punishments, and decrees (hukm), they all belong to Allah. Allah, who is the ruler of the universe, has created the universe. Do you say, “The creator should leave me alone?” The creator will not leave you alone, for it is the creator who sustains your life. The bounty (nimat) is from Allah, along with the kingdom (mulk). When you say, “leave me alone,” then at that point you will run out of juice. Shaitans will siege you, and you will go with them where you are to go. O, brave fellow! Do not ruin yourself. Don’t fall prey to the monster of the Shaitan! Get out of that society, and enter into the society that Allah summons. Enter into the society of faith (iman), which Allah calls. Come to the community of Islam! See, Almighty Allah calls to Almighty Allah. We are being called to Islam and the Quran, and Prophet Muhammad calls to Allah. They all call to Allah.
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Islam calls to nobody but Allah. Says, “Be a servant (qul) of Allah.” Islam removes serving someone slavishly. Islam came to destroy polytheism (shirk). See, polytheism (shirk) is serving someone slavishly, don’t forget that! Two opposing classes, being a Hanif and being a Ṣābi. It is said that these two are the original and branches of all religions. What is being said? Two opposing classes, Hanif and Ṣābi, are the original and branches of all religions. There are no religions. There is only one real religion, and other religions are its deviations. They are called religion metaphorically, otherwise there is no other religion except Islam in the real sense. The religion of all Prophets is Islam. Let me say this again, so that if some people forgot about it, they can remember! The Sabians are those who worship angels and stars, they have polytheism (shirk). They adopted the name Hizbaniyah – Hirbaniyah. They accepted as intermediary. Later they started worshipping stars and angels, they adopted the name Hizbaniyah – Hirbaniyah, and accepted as intermediary. The Ṣābi says, “Let us be beloveds, and let them be our intercessors (shafa’ah). However, there cannot be love by polytheism (shirk), and had they believed in the unity of Allah, and loved Allah, then this love would have been right. Such a pity what they did. They worshipped the intermediaries, meaning the idols, angels, and stars. Such a pity. Janâb-i Haqq says, “لَا يَعْصُونَ اللّٰهَ مَٓا اَمَرَهُمْ“ in the 6th verse of Surah al-Tahrim . “Angels cannot be rebellious.” The angels do whatever Allah commands them, and none of the angels are pleased with you worshipping them. Is Isa (Jesus) Alaihissalam pleased with people worshipping him? No, he is not. Ali, and Ibn-Saba. Then when he said, “رَبُّكُمُ الْاَعْلٰىۘ أنْتَ“ to Ali, he gave them the most painful punishment, and he did what is necessary. See, great figures do their duties in full against polytheism (shirk). There is no permit for polytheism (shirk). That is why neither the angels nor the stars… They are all servants (qul) and creatures of Allah. One cannot worship the creatures of Allah. The “Prophets are human, so why should we obey,” said the Sabians. That is, they don’t acknowledge that Allah appointed them.
That is explained in the 34th verse of Surah al-Muminun . See, a verse is explained by a verse, they are exegeted by verses. Then again, the 79th verse of Surah al-An’am  says, “I am not one of the polytheists (mushrikun).” Who says it? Well, just like everyone who has tawhid iman (monotheism) said, Ibrahim Alaihissalam also said it clearly. Says, “I am a hanif, not one of the polytheists (mushrikun).” That is, he says he is a Muslim. All Prophets are Muslims. See the 30th and 32nd verses of Surah al-Rum . “The religion of fitrah is only the religion of Islam. It is the religion of creation. It is the religion of the purpose of creation.” Why were you created? According to that purpose, the completely true religion is the religion of Islam. Those who tear the religion into pieces, every group rejoices with their own party. They have pulled the religion to pieces, and every group rejoices with their own party. Religion is a unity. The true religion cannot be pulled to pieces, you cannot be fanatics of anything in Islam.
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However, when you deviate from Islam, you become fanatics of this or that. All our âlims (scholars) of Ahlus-Sunnah have narrated Islam and called people to Allah, and they followed the Prophet. They became complete servants (qul) of Allah, and because they knew Islam very well, they conveyed true knowledge to people with true documents, deeds, and sanads (backings). That is, mujtahids of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. That is why no Islamic scholar (âlim) calls people to themselves. If they call to themselves, then there is something fishy there, so be wary because something must be wrong. The Sabians say, “Pairs of humans and every type of animal are created every 36.425 years.” They say that period ends and a new period begins and it continues like that, and they claim there is no chance of entering hereafter (ākhira). Never! See, this way they threw themselves deeper and deeper into the depths of the Fire of Jahannam. See, what does Allah say? Says, “There is resurrection, hereafter (ākhira), great gathering (mahshar), greater court (mahkamah al-kubra), and there is reckoning.” These poor fellows completely deviated from the truth, these Sabians. See the 35th and 36th verses of Surah al-Muminun , some say resurrection is so far away. They say, “Far, far is what they promised!” Those pitiable fellows! If the one who was created cannot see he is resurrected, then he has become blind and deaf. First, a person should see he was created, the universe was created, for these are clear proofs of resurrection. Those pitiable people! Tanasuh is the repetition of the period, and hulul is when God enters into a human. It is said that these concepts were produced by Sabians. Tenasuh is also polytheism (shirk), just like hulul. Islam denies these. Nobody can enter into the soul or body of anyone. Nobody’s soul belongs to nobody’s. Everyone has their own created souls. The soul is a creature, a makhluq. Tanasuh is the repetition of period, meaning a person dies today and his soul is transferred to someone else. There cannot be anything that foolish. Every human has his own soul and body, and has a personality. He, with his being, is a servant (qul) of Allah, and he shall answer. Nobody can enter into nobody’s soul. Nobody can incarnate (hulul) either, and there cannot be tanasuh. It is said that these concepts were produced by them, both tanasuh and hulul. As for hulul, it is when God enters into a person. Allah is the creator, and there is no share of divinity in any creature. That is why Allah does not incarnate to anyone. Allah is free and away from all that, for Allah is subhan (glorified). That is why these are slanders to Allah. Do not ever deviate to such nonsensical wrong beliefs, and be wary!
Now, Hirbaniyya is a group of Sabians. They say Azmun, Hurmuz, Ayana, Evazi, Solun (meaning grandfather of Eflatun). They say, five prophets. This is how they ascribe to him from his maternal side. This is the opinion of the Hirbaniyya group. Evazi claims, “Allah rendered onion, snakefish, and horse beans haram. See, they fabricated all that.
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They say Allah rendered onion, snakefish, and horse beans haram. They have three types of namāz (prayer), and they perform ghusl (full ablution), and they believe that they become junub (impure) when they touch someone junub (impure) or a dead body. When they become junub (impure), they perform ghusl (full ablution). They say pigs, camels, dogs, animals with claws, and pigeons are haram. See, they have rights but they have wrongs as well. They forbid sunnah (customs) and intoxication. See, they forbid sunnah (customs) and intoxication, meaning they continue with one wrong and one right. They take witnesses in nikah (wedding), so they perform nikah (wedding). A judge may divorce a couple but two marriages are forbidden, as they claim. They say, first illat is aql (reason), zarurat, and nafs sculptures, and they say these are round shaped. They brought forth geometrical shapes that belong to them. They say, first illat is aql (reason), zarurat, and nafs sculptures, and they say these are round shaped. For example, they call a hexagon a Zuhal. They call a triangle a Muşteri. They call a rectangle a Merih. They call a square a Sun. Moreover, what they call Zuhre is a triangle inside a square. There is also a triangle inside the rectangle. They call it an Utarit. As for an octagon, they call it the Moon. See, they worship sculptures of the planets, and they made sculptures of these planets. They worship geometrical shapes.
The philosophers of Sabians say from the Azimuth, the first principal (mebâdî) beginnings are these. They say he has said Hurmuz Mahmud, meaning Prophet Muhammad, takbir (magnification of Allah), and others. These are for Hurmuz.
Now, it is said that we can summarise deviations from the real (haqq) religion as ruhaniyah, worshipping angels, worshipping stars, and worshipping angels, and that is correct. Now, when we take a brief look at the Buddha of the Indian Sabians, and the Confucius of China, we can see that it goes to China and Indian based Sabians. We see that they are branches of these. It also incorporates the Espiritism, Spiritualism, Idealism, and the Enthusiasts who were a group of Christianity. Hizbaniyah is the opposite of Fantaism. So, Hizbaniyah is the opposite of Fantaism. They say, “Hulul (incarnation); Allah is the life of the universe and the soul of the realm.” They have that belief. The idea in Greek and Roman religions that a God being born or giving birth actually belongs to the Hizbaniyah madhab of Sabians. So, this lies in the root of this heresy and polytheism (shirk). The Christians are like them in regards to Isa the Messiah being a God. Also, in the matter of evil, Hizbaniyah is related to Zoroastrianism.
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There is also Hırıbbaniyye who more or less followed the way of the Prophets such as Seth, Idris, and Nuh (a.s.), and they brought them forward. They claimed some stars are qiblah, and some are the Rabb (Lord). See, this is what happens when you deviate from the true and haqq path, such a pity that they were polytheists. Now, one of the revered figures who explained this situation is Fakhr al-Din al-Razi. As for some of them, there are people who claim some of them are like ahlul kitab (people of the book. May Janâb-i Haqq never let anyone astray from right (haqq) and reality (haqiqa), because as you can see once people deviate, they fall into separate ways of deviation, and heresy leads to heresy; in the end it is such a pity.
Al-Imam Al-Azam said that there is a group among them who are closer to ahlul kitab (people of the book), whose sacrificial animals can be eaten and their women can be married. But we don’t know how many people are left from that group. That said, some people from that group live in certain parts of Harran, Aleppo, and Syria. See, it is said that some of them are still present in the world. Some polytheists are like the Zoroastrians. Some of these polytheists were like Zoroastrians. Also, according to Imamayn, they are not ahlul kitab (people of the book). “As for today, there are no ahlul kitab people among them,” and it is Abu Bakr, al-Razi, and al-Karkhi said it and they have that opinion. Back then, Rums, People of Damascus and People of Jazira were Sabians. See, Constantine dispatched people to Christianity by sword. He slayed them, and then forced others to the religion by sword. This way, Constantine dispatched them to Christianity.
“They are those who keep their beliefs as secrets.”
See, Ismailiyah has learned how to conceal from them. So, Ismailiyah is the secret revolutionary organisation of Karamita. See, it is said that Ismailiyah, which was a revolutionary organisation, learned stealth from them. Constantine forced them by sword in order to convert them to Christianity by force, and of course he slayed some of them, and others concealed their true beliefs and portrayed themselves as Christians. Those who are in the region of Kesker-Betaih are considered among the Nasrani class. Other Christians call them Yahyeviyyah. There have been people who claimed these are the people that Al-Imam Al-Azam referred to as ahlul kitab (people of the book).
Then again, see the 156th verse of Surah al-An’am .
This verse mentions those who were given the Book before us. So, we have believed in all of the Holy Books and Scriptures that were sent down to those who were given the Book before us. For that matter, we have, alhamdulillah, believed in everything sacred that was sent down to the Prophet. See, the faith (iman) of Islam is a universal and excellent faith (iman). However, feeding the truth (haqq) and our faiths (iman) with knowledge (ilm) and sciences of Islam is necessary, and we need to have correct knowledge as well.
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– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 198
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Now, about this Sabians, Kazmireski said that they are conservative Christians. He called them, “Sabee.” That is how Kazmireski translated it, and this way he brought the French into doubt. Be wary! The French should understand their inhumane action against the mujtahids of Islam. That is, people like Kazmireski who tried to bring the French into doubt, and these people who slander the mujtahids of Islam… Bear this in mind! They themselves are those who bring even the French into doubt. Be careful about them, westerners should also be careful about them. Our people of science attracted attention to that in this matter.
No matter who it is, salvation is in here, in the contents of this verse. Now, please pay attention.
The 62nd verse of Surah al-Baqarah  says, “مَنْ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحاً”. Janâb-i Haqq says: “To acknowledge the truth (haqq) that comes from Allah, accept it, and affirm (tasdiq) it.” See, to accept every truth (haqq) that comes from Allah and affirm (tasdiq) it. The Quran came from Allah. Allah appointed Muhammad. Islam incorporated the past. See, it contains all past Prophets and all Holy Books. It contains the documents of the future. Prophet Muhammad and Al-Quran Al-Karim bears witness to the past. There can’t be a faith (iman) by denying this. That is why it is to accept every truth (haqq) that comes from Allah, and to affirm them (tasdiq). See, Islam affirms (tasdiq) all that comes from Allah. That is, all Prophets, and all that was sent down to those Prophets. They are all present in Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam. See, they are present in the fundamentals (amantu) of Islam. So, have a good faith (iman), affirm (tasdiq) these, and do good deeds (amal-e-saleh). A good faith (iman) necessitates good deeds.” You need to fulfil the necessity of your belief, meaning you need to do good deeds (amal-e-saleh). You need to fulfil the divine offers, obedience, and worship, and all of their rules. After that, no matter who he is, those who fulfil these will be saved. That is the universal message of Al-Quran Al-Karim. Beware! It is a universal message.
Now, what does Janâb-i haqq say?
The hodja recites the 76th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
“Say, ‘Do you leave Allah and worship what has no power to bring you any benefit or harm, while Allah is all-hearing, all-knowing?” Allah says, “Tell that to the world.” Can you abandon Allah and worship a servant? See, Janâb-i Haqq warns. If you wake up, then it is for your benefit. If you don’t, then that is your decision. Now, about salisü selase (trinity), let us dwell on that for a bit. See the 72nd and 73rd verses of Surah al-Maidah  about salisü selase (trinity)! See, those who say God is a trinity say, “salisü selase”. They claim God is a trinity. There are those who say Allah is a trinity even though Allah is One. They say the three gods are the father, son, and the holy spirit (ruh al-qudus). There are those who say ekanim-i selase (trinity), three main ones. Some say three is one, and one is three. Some say, father, mother, and the son. That is, they call Allah a father, and say a mother and a son.
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Those who say that are the Ya’qubis. Melkite and Nestorian say, “Third of a trinity,” and all of them have more or less the same belief. If there are exceptions, they don’t break the rule.
The nature of divinity and jawhar (essence) is one, but person is three, and all three are equal. It is both three and one. The three divinities unite in the third person of the trinity. The third person is the son. As for the third, it is the son. Wujud, is father of Allah. Never! Never in ever! All of that is the belief that is present in today’s Christianity. It has no correlation whatsoever with the religion Isa (Jesus) brought. Isa (a.s.) is a servant (qul) and a messenger of Allah who believed in Allah’s unity along with Allah’s holy attributes (sifāt). The religion of Islam and all Prophets have said that, and believed like this. Isa (a.s.) said, “Allah is my Rabb, and your Rabb. We shall all worship Allah and be servants (qul).” However, we can see that it all went sideways after Isa (Jesus). So, the religion of Islam and Prophet Muhammad came to rectify all of these wrongs. Those who see this truth became Muslims. However, there are still those who did not. Insha ‘Allah, they will read, and see the truth. Insha ‘Allah they will attain the guidance (hidayat) of Allah. That is what we are working for, everyone should enter Janna (Paradise). Let Islam embrace everyone with all its mercy (rahmat). It came to embrace all people, but some people run away. We say, “Don’t.” We say, “Let us be altogether in this mercy (rahmat).” There are also those who say, Ruh al-Qudus (the Holy Spirit) is a divinity, but not Allah, rather it is Allah’s kalimah (word) and soul. There are also those who say the son is a kalimah (word), knowledge (ilm), and a divinity. There are also those who say, he is from his father’s jawhar (essence) and soul. In the end, they would be saying, “Three of them constitute Messiah.” So, they say the three divinities unite in Isa (Jesus), and they claim Isa (Jesus) is a God, he is Allah.” Never, never in ever! You see, this is a danger right there. Al-Quran Al-Karim took up its position on that matter. Says, “Those who say that have become disbelievers (kāfir). Such a pity, but there is a quick remedy. One needs to believe in Allah’s unity, and become a Muslim. Isa (Jesus) is a Muslim. Musa (Moses) is a Muslim. That said, the religion of all Prophets is Islam. This is the truth.
Now, about Council of Nicaea. One upon a time they accepted those who say, “Allah has no sons,” as heretics. They excommunicated all of them. See, the Council of Nicaea accepted those who say “Allah has no sons,” as heretics once upon a time. They excommunicated those who said, “Allah is One.” For example, they struck a doctor with fire and burned him because he said, “Isa (Jesus) is a servant (qul) of Allah.” They did so many things that I cannot explain right now. They don’t have no correlation whatsoever with the religion Isa (Jesus) brought. See, the westerners who withdrew from that wrong got stuck in another wrong. In the west, as you know, Christianity has but a name and itself is not seen.
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Do you know what is there? There is materialism. This time, people have been pushed into irreligiousness and their acquaintance with Islam is, of course, bound to Allah’s guidance (hidayat). See, Islam should be narrated freely across the globe in order for people to get acquainted with Islam. That said, Islam came to save all humanity. Islam came to establish brotherhood, social justice, and peace in the world. Those who hinder Islam are doing the greatest evil against humanity. Islam cannot be hindered, but people may destroy their own faiths (iman) which is a pity.
Divinity is a common noun, and Allah is a proper noun. It is Allah’s proper name. No name is equal to the name Allah. Also, there is no language or literature that can make exegesis (tafsir) of kalimat al-tawheed, which is, “lā ʾilāha ʾillallāh.” There is no equilavent of its original expression. It has no equal or similar either. Just like there is no partner or equal of Allah, there is no language in the world that can make exegesis (tafsir) of kalimat al-tawheed. Says, “lā ʾilāha ʾillallāh.” See, understanding of divinity is present in other nations as well, but it is not the equivalent of the world Allah, it is not equal.
For example, if you say there are no jeans than the one jean or something else, then it is not an exegesis (tafsir), nor is it a translation. When you say exegesis (tafsir) or translation, then you need to be able to express it with a language equal to it. They say, “Third of a trinity, and it is narrated that the kalimah (word) got incarnated. That is, he says, “Allah incarnated into Isa (Jesus)”. Never! Never in ever! These are all polytheism (shirk) and disbelief (kufr). That is a complete polytheism (shirk), lies, and disbelief (kufr). That is denial of the right of Allah. That is transgression (zulm), disbelief (kufr), and denial of the right of Allah. There is no doubt that they are disbelievers (kāfir). The religion of Isa (Jesus) is Islam. This is right, real, and correct. However, the slanders that are being said against Isa (Jesus) have no correlation whatsoever with neither Isa (Jesus), nor Islam, nor faith (iman). They have no correlation whatsoever with the Bible, or the Torah. Melkites, Catholics, Orthodoxias, Nestorians, Ya’qubis or rather Monophysites, along with the Barbaranites are included. Istinca is to get results, and istikra is to get information. See, if you want to get information and results, if you want to have istikra and istinca, then learn Islam well. When you learn Islam well, you will achieve the true (haqq) result, and you will find real and true (haqq) information. Both him and his mother used to eat, drink, go out, etc. Can they be gods?
His mother eats, drinks, breathes, goes out, goes to toilet etc. Isa (a.s.) also eats and drinks, and he also goes to toilet etc. Can you call servants (qul) of Allah divinities? See, that is what our Prophet said to a group of rabbis, Christian rabbis, and clergy. In the end, many of them become Muslims. The priests had visited him. Now, they were in humane and animalistic needs, and can people who are in need such as them be true gods?
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Surely, they cannot be. They are needy, they need to eat, they need to drink, they need hot or cold climate. They are born. They grow. They die. These are all attributes of humans, creatures (makhluq). That said, Allah is the Creator. Allah is unlike any of the creatures (makhluq). However, Isa (Jesus) is a distinguished and good servant (qul) of Allah. He is Allah’s Messenger. He is the son of Maryam. Our mother Maryam is also a good, clean, honourable, chaste, abide and zahide woman. They are all servants (qul) of Allah one by one. They cannot be divinized.
May Janâb-i Mawla make the entire world have the true faith (iman), make them know Islam which is the right (haqq) and reality (haqiqa), make them acknowledge it, and may Janâb-i Haqq establish the brotherhood and peace in the entire world.
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