Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 199-201
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 199
On the 77th to 100th verses of Surah al-Maidah .
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
The hodja recites the 77th, 78th and 79th verses of the Quran.
“Say, ‘O, People of the Book! Do not exceed in your religion unjustly. Do not follow the desires of a people who certainly went astray before, and they misled many, and thus they have lost the right way.” Who is being addressed here? Well, the Jews and the Christians are being addressed. These are said to the mindset that has not understood the Torah correctly, and has gone astray from the way of Musa (Moses). Also says, “Those who disbelieved from the Children of Israel have been cursed by the tongue of Davud (Dawood), and Isa, son of Maryam. That was because they rebelled and they transgressed. See what they did to their own Book and their own Prophet. Almighty Allah calls them to what is right and real in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Says, “If you believe in the Bible and the Torah, Isa (Jesus) and Musa (Moses), then become Muslims right away. If you don’t, then at first believe in them as due, and then stop transgressing,” says Janâb-i Haqq.
Also says the following.
The hodja recites the 79th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
“They were not renouncing the evil they were doing. Surely, evil was what they were doing.”
See, Janâb-i Haqq reads all wrong and distorted souls, and presents them the prescription. The life-giving prescription is the one that Islam, Al-Quran Al-Karim, and Prophet Muhammad brought. Allah wrote that prescription, and Prophet Muhammad (asw) implemented it.
The hodja recites the 80th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
“You see many of them befriending disbelievers (kāfirs). Surely, evil is what their souls (nafs) sent forth for them! Allah became angry with them, and they will abide in the punishment forever.”
The remedy is to come to faith (iman) right away, and giving up evil. It is necessary to remove evil from the heart, and place faith (iman) instead. For that, bow down and supplicate to Allah Ta’ala day and night. Say, “My Allah! I seek refuge in you from disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), corruption (nifaq), bad morals, and all evil. Make me attain the true faith (iman) Islam brought forth, and its good deeds (amal-e-saleh). Make me a good Muslim, and a believer (mu’min)! Make me a servant (qul) to you, and ummah of Prophet Muhammad.” Pray day and night saying that.
Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
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The hodja recites the 81st verse of Surah al-Maidah .
What does Janâb-i Haqq say here?
“Had they believed in Allah, the Messenger, and the Quran which has been sent down to him…”
See, Almighty Allah is calling to have faith (iman) in Allah, to accept the Prophethood of Muhammad, and to believe in Al-Quran Al-Karim which has been sent down to him. See, had they believed in these holy principles of faith (iman) that are inescapable to believe, then they would not have taken disbelievers (kāfir) for allies. For belief (iman) and disbelief (kufr) are opposites, they can neither come together, not get together, nor can they get on well with each other. They are more distant to each other than the heavens and the earth because one of them accepts Allah with all principles of Allah, while the other does not accept Allah or the laws of Allah. They don’t accept what Allah has sent down. They don’t accept the messenger Allah has sent. See, denying the messenger Allah has sent is to deny Allah. So, let’s say a state has sent an envoy to another state, and the latter state rejected the envoy, have they denied the envoy or the state that sent him? Think about that.
Says, “But most of them are stray people.”
That is, “They are fāsiqūn.”
May Janâb-i Mawla guide everyone who is in that situation, and give them salvation. See, Al-Quran Al-Karim gives this message to everyone who is on the wrong path, including the Jews and the Christians along with the impostor Muslims. Allah gives a message to all humanity and the jinn. Says, “Come to faith (iman), become Muslims, but become true Muslims.”
The hodja recites the 82nd verse of Surah al-Maidah .
In this verse of the Quran, Janâb-i Haqq informs about the fierce enemies of Islam and those who are close to Muslims. Let us see what is said: “Surely, you will find strongest of the people in enmity to the believers, the Jews and the polytheists (mushrik) who associate partners with Allah; and surely you will find nearest of them in affection to the believers, those who say, “We are Christians.” That is because there are priests and monks among them, and they are not arrogant.
See, these are priests and monks who believe in the Bible, devoted themselves to worship Allah as due, and they are closest people to Muslims. They are those who say, “We are Nasrani.” They have taken their share of the essentials Isa (a.s.) brought to some degree. Also, when they have taken their full share, they have or they will become Muslims. You see, there are priests and monks of every era, and there are kıssis. There have always been people like them, but there are also blood-thirsty killers who shed thousands of people by organizing Crusades. And they don’t have any correlation whatsoever with Isa (Jesus) or the Bible, or any of the Holy Books. They only follow the way of the stray and misguided people who deceived themselves.
Time Stamp: 10:37
See, this true prescription in Islam and the Quran has come to save all humanity. When a person listens and understands Al-Quran Al-Karim with all his conscience and reason, he will see what is right (haqq) and real (haqiqa). Insha ‘Allah, the guidance (hidayat) of Allah will come as well.
The hodja recites the 83rd and 84th verses of Surah al-Maidah .
So, what do they say?
“When they hear what has been sent down to the Messenger…” That is, Al-Quran Al-Karim. But, who are they? Well, they are the priests and monks who are close to Muslims, or rather the kıskis. Once they learned that Al-Quran Al-Karim is true (haqq), “you see their eyes fill with tears because of the truth they learned. They say, “Our Rabb! We have believed, so write us among the witnesses.”
You see, these monks and priests who listened to Al-Quran Al-Karim have cried, they understood and believed that it is true (haqq), and they became Muslims.
“Why should we not believe in Allah and the truth that came to us, while we desire that our Rabb will admit us with the righteous people (into Paradise)?” They said that, they believed, and they became Muslims.
The hodja recites the 85th and 86th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
So, Allah rewarded them for what they said with gardens (jannah) with streams running from beneath them. They will abide therein forever. And that is the reward of the good-doers.
See, they became Muslims, but there are still those who insist on disbelief (kufr) and wrongdoing. Janâb-i Haqq says, “Those who disbelieved and denied our signs (ayat) are the companions of the Jahannam (Hell).”
Nobody has the chance of entering into Janna (Paradise) by denying the Quran and the Prophethood of Muhammad. The believers (mu’minun) will enter Janna (Paradise). The faith (iman) of Islam is a beginningless (azali), eternal (abadi), and universal faith (iman). That is why you need to affirm (tasdiq) Al-Quran Al-Karim and Prophet Muhammad well, and thoroughly affirm (tasdiq) all sacred values of Islam that have been sent down to Muhammad with your heart, confess (iqrar) them with your tongue, and do good deeds (amal-e-saleh). Only then they person will certainly enter Janna (Paradise). Nobody should have a second thought about this, Allah does not break a promise.
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For that is what Almighty Allah promised in Al-Quran al-Karim. As long as you are a Muslim, a believer (mu’min), and fulfil the requisites of faith (iman) and Islam. Islam has presented you the life-giving prescription. It makes your life easier, and happier. You find the blissful life with it. Also, you will have earned eternal bliss. This way, you implement the prescription of life that Allah wrote, and then you find life. The life-giving prescription is the one that is written by Allah who created you. See, this Islamic prescription is Al-Quran Al-Karim. It is Prophet Muhammad who implemented it in the best possible manner. He established it in the world well.
Janâb-i Haqq also said the following.
The hodja recites the 87th and 88th verses of Surah al-Maidah .
“O, you who believe! Do not make haram the good things that have been made halal for you by Allah, and do not transgress. Surely, Allah does not love the transgressors. Eat of the good and halal sustenance (rizq) that Allah has provided you. Fear Allah, and be wary of Allah’s punishment.” Love Allah with every fibre of your being, for Allah loved you and created you. So, when you love Allah and have a good faith (iman), and become a Muslim, then you will be the one who loves and who is loved, and you will be the one who protected oneself from punishment. He who fears Allah only fears Allah. That is, you will be the one who is beware of the punishment. Allah loved you and created you as the most honourable creature (ashraf-ul-mahlukat). What befalls on you is to believe in Allah, love Allah with every fibre of your being, and be a good Muslim. He who is a non-Muslim will not have loved Allah. Rather, he would have denied Allah. He would have done the greatest treason. He would have betrayed himself and the sacred values. See, Islam is the divine order that incorporates all sacred values. It is the laws of Allah, and the order Allah established. Islam is not an order established by anyone else. We are presenting the whole of the life-giving prescription that Islam brought forth. We are presenting the entire prescription, not partially, not by cropping it out. We have started from the beginning of Al-Quran Al-Karim. We will convey you the entire Al-Quran Al-Karim up to the end, along with its essence in a way that you can understand. So, this way we present you the life-giving prescription so that you may be happy forever, and find life. These are not written by people, nor are they personal opinions of someone. Open up all of the Al-Quran Al-Karim’s in the world, the truth we present to you is the same in all of them, it does not change at all. It is just that people of ahlul bid’ah (evil innovation) and dalalah (misguidance) who are out of Ahlus-Sunnah, along with those who object to Ahlus-Sunnah, those who have deviated from the truth and got stuck in bid’ah (innovation) and dalalah (misguidance) object to Ahlus-Sunnah, because they are on the wrong path.
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Their rights are also ours, but as for their wrongs, we do not rectify them with our own minds, rather Islam itself personally rectifies them with all the truths in it. See, all of the high-ranking Islamic scholars (âlims) of Ahlus-Sunnah have authority and right to speak here. That is why we present the whole of the prescription so that you may find complete life, and become fully happy forever, which is the point.
The hodja recites a part of the 87th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
That was only a part of the verse. So, after announcing that, Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
The hodja recites the 89th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
Let us see what our Almighty Rabb said in this verse of the Quran.
“Allah will not call you to account for the thoughtless utterances in your oaths. However, Allah will hold you responsible for the oaths you took intentionally. The atonement for a broken oath is to feed ten needy people of average of what you feed your families, or clothing them, or freeing a slave. But for those who cannot find anything to give, it is fasting for three days. That is the expiation of breaking an oath. Guard your oath. Thus, Allah makes the verses clear to you, so that you may be grateful.
You see, dearest and valuable friends!
Janâb-i Haqq brought solutions to all problems of the world in every matter. Allah brought ease and remedy for all ever-changing conditions of life. Islam is nothing but remedy, and it replies every question regarding life. As long as you learn and acknowledge Islam. It has answers for every question regarding life. Even if you have gathered all philosophers, and all sociologists of the world, along with all psychologists and specialists from all other branches, nobody can read your soul like the Quran. They cannot inform you of the grave or the great gathering (mahshar). They cannot write a prescription of the spiritual nourishments of your heart. Allah, who created the prescription of the heart and the soul has written the prescription of Islam so that us servants (qul) may be happy. This is a right (haqq) and reality (haqiqa), understand it well. Do you think you can be happy before faith (iman) enters and settles into your heart and becomes perfect? A heart with polytheism (shirk), what is it? It is worse than a battlefield. A heart and soul with polytheism (shirk) and disbelief (kufr) that lacks spiritual knowledge (ruh ilm), and the sciences (ilm) and irfan (wisdom) of Islam… A mind made up by polytheism (shirk)… Polytheism (shirk) has subordinated his mind. The Iblis has sieged it. Now, this person has fallen into the wrong environment. He lost himself. The only power that can save him is Islam, guidance (hidayat) of Allah, Al-Quran Al-Karim, and the Prophethood of Muhammad.
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That is, all values that Allah has sent down to him. Don’t you ever have second thoughts about not even one among these values! The faith (iman) of Islam is such a reality (haqiqa) that it does not accept doubt. Besides, there is no other valid faith (iman). There is no other religion! Right now, there is brand-new and fresh Al-Quran Al-Karim that has renewed the past. The documents of all eras of the future until the Last Day are in Al-Quran Al-Karim. The witnessing of all the past is in Al-Quran Al-Karim. How do you know it? It is Allah’s Book. Doesn’t Allah know the past? Doesn’t Allah know what has been done to the Bible, the Torah, Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus), Ibrahim (Abraham), and what has been done to Nuh (Noah)? Doesn’t Allah know what will be done in the future? You see, Allah has placed such a prescription of life in Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam that all life-giving values and all values regarding the past and the future are in Al-Quran Al-Karim. That’s why you should use your reason (aql), use your head. Try to understand and listen to Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam. You will never regret it. However, if you live and die without Islam, the Quran, and the faith (iman), then you will regret for eternity. These words aren’t mine, open the Quran and see. They belong to Almighty Allah. Don’t say nobody told you. Don’t say you don’t know. Don’t say you haven’t heard! Al-Quran Al-Karim has been shouting out this reality (haqiqa) for more than 14 centuries. If you turn a deaf ear to it or close your eyes, then who is to blame? Who is to blame if you submit your reason (aql) to someone? It is you. It is me if I do that, and you if you do that. Let us save both of us. Let us be saved altogether. We are all servants (qul) of Allah. Allah created us. We came from Allah, and we will return to Allah and answer. Let us help each other. Let us tell each other the truths (haqq). Let us speak what is right. Let us tell the truth whether people believe or not. Let us leave everyone free in their decision. Let us not hinder anyone’s freedom, and do not impose upon anyone. Let us expand the freedoms, and implement social justice in the world, and let us not segregate. Let us not conceal the commands of Allah. If we neglect the Quran, and neglect Allah, then we would be doing the greatest evil to ourselves and the servants (qul) of Allah. Do you think people who don’t have faith (iman), conscience, mercy, knowledge (ilm), and wisdom (irfan) will have mercy upon humanity? Save the world from their hands! Try to give the world to a truly faithful cadre that shall embrace all humanity with their mercy. Let us save ourselves at first, and then hasten into the aid of others.
Janâb-i Haqq says the following in this part of the life-giving prescription. Says, “يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ” in the glorious and enlightening verses. That is, “O, you who believe!” Says, “إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ” – “The intoxicants…” Says, “وَالْمَيْسِرُ”- “all games of chance…” Says, “عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ”.
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See, those divining arrows, the games of change, altars and idols… Says, “Abstain from all of them.” Says that they are, “رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ” – “They are abominations (rij’s) from the work of the Shaitan. Says, “فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ”. Says, “Strongly avoid these.” Says, “If you want to find life, then avoid such harmful things. Says, “لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ” – “So that you may be felicitous.”
See, Janâb-i Haqq says that one cannot find life unless he saves himself from harmful things. You need to implement what is beneficial and is written in the prescription, and you should never implement wrong and harmful things. Allah called “haram” or “sin” whatever harms us servants (qul).
See, Janâb-i Haqq told you about the work of the Shaitan here. Says, “These are works of the Shaitan, don’t do them.” Says, “Don’t ever use intoxicating substances, and don’t do these abominable works. Don’t commit them.” And what does Janâb-i Haqq say next? Let me repeat it due to its importance.
“O, you who believe! Surely, the intoxicants, and the games of chance, and the altars (idols), and divining arrows are abominations from the work of the Shaitan. So, avoid them so that you may find salvation.”
“The Shaitan only intends to cause enmity and hatred between you through intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance (dhikr) of Allah and from the namāz (prayer).”
Says that the Shaitan does not want you to perform the namāz (prayer).
“So, you have abstained from these from now on, right?” See, Umar was there when this verse was revealed, and he immediately said, “O, Rabb! We have abstained.” Umar gave his answer right away. Said, “O, Rabb! We have abstained right now!” He replied, “We have immediately abstained.”
The hodja recites the 91st and 92nd verses of Surah al-Maidah .
Janâb-i Haqq says the following verses: “Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and abstain from evil. If you turn away, then know, only upon your Messenger is to convey (tabligh) the message clearly.”
That is, the Prophet conveys (tabligh) to you clearly. He informs you of all news he receives from Allah. Says, “He has narrated Islam in the best possible manner.” Says, “The Prophet has fulfilled his duty completely.” However, when you don’t accept what he informed of, and what has been sent down to Muhammad, then the sin is upon you. That is, whatever Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim says from a to z. That said, hadith-i sharifs and the fiqh-i (juridical) matters that our fiqh âlims have brought forth, and the moderate Islam that our Prophet implemented are in fiqh (jurisprudence). We have been conveying essential information and the essence of the prescription regarding the fiqh (jurisprudence), irshad (guidance), and the origin (asl) of this. If we will have time in the future, insha ‘Allah, if we live long enough, we will try to present the entire prescription. We will not withhold from you its itiqad-i (creed), amali (actional), and akhlaq-i (moral) or hukûki (juridical) aspects of Mighty Islam, and whatever else is in it.
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It is the biggest stinginess to withhold this from people, for Allah has cursed those who concealed that. So, let us present this good, felicific, and life-giving prescription to each other without incurring Allah’s curse. This is the Holy Islam that Allah has sent down so that we may present it to each other and find life, and the laws and prescription of Allah are the minimum prerequisites for everlasting happiness. The necessities of servitude (being a qul) are essential. When we believe in it because we are servants (qul) and also in order to be blissful forever, and when we do this deed (amal), then we have found life there, and we have become happy there, and we became recipients of everlasting bounties (lutf) there. That is why Islam has been offered and presented to us, it is for our happiness. I am so happy that I knew my Rabb. What would we be if we did not know our Rabb? We would have been lower than other creatures. See, there is nobody that does not glorify (tasbih) Allah in the heavens or in the earth. Everyone is glorifying Allah, whether it is live, inanimate, rocks, earth, three and its shadow, and everything has been glorifying Allah due to their creation and innate nature (fitrah). However, when you look at most of the humans that Allah created as honourable beings, they deny Allah. See this evil that people have been inflicting upon themselves. They are denying the Quran regarding which Allah told, “Believe in it.” They are denying the Greatest Prophet, Prophet of Mercy, who has most certainly been sent upon the worlds as a mercy (rahmat) by Allah. They are denying Prophet Muhammad. See this frustration humanity has fallen into, and see this mistake. They live in the kingdom (mulk) of Allah, but deny object to those Allah said, “believe in them.” They say, “We won’t.” What are they trusting? They have lost their minds. You have goods right? Well, tomorrow it will all be gone. Azrail (a.s.) is standing over your goods and wealth. Let’s say Azrail came and descended upon your neck while you are counting money. “O, he who counts money!” he said, “I am taking you to Allah.” And then he pulled the life out of you and took you away. Do you think your wealth will save you?
So, what did another do? He trusted his weapons and cannons. He was sleeping near cannons, weapons, and atom bombs. Azrail came and said, “O, you people murdering dogs who live besides atom bombs, who deal with bombs!” He descended upon his throat, took his life, and also took the one who lives among bombs, and took them to Allah. Do you think those bombs and weapons will save him? Yet another one lives comfortably in ivory towers. He is completely unaware of poor, needy, orphans, and poverty-stricken people. He lives in his ivory tower. O, he who lives in ivory towers and palaces! Your hour of ajal (end of specified term) has come. Azrail said, “Your hour of ajal (end of specified term) has come,” and he descended upon his throat and took him away to where he needs to be. So, why doesn’t his wealth, chair, and position in those ivory towers save him from the hand of Azrail (a.s.)? There is no chance of that happening whether you are rich or poor. There is no salvation for anyone unless they appear before Allah with faith (iman) and good deeds (amal-e-saleh).
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That prescription gives life, on the condition that the person has faith (iman) and good deeds. There has to be faith (iman) and true good deeds (amal-e-saleh). Janâb-i Haqq continues to shed nūr (light) upon the worlds with these verses of the Quran and the light shedding words in other verses. See, it does not matter if the unbelievers turn away from it, turn a deaf ear to it, or go underground, or go sky high. Allah is everywhere, is prepared with the armies, qudrah (omnipotence), powers, and knowledge (ilm). Allah is ready with omnipotence (qudrah) and everything. Allah is closer to you and me than ourselves. Be respectful to Allah, for Allah is closer to us than ourselves. Bow respectfully before Allah no matter where you are. Allah always sees us, and is closer to us than ourselves. Allah sees us. It is Allah who sustains our lives, and everything we have belongs to Allah. Can one be disrespectful and impudent against Allah as everything we have belongs to Allah? On top of that, is it possible to completely deny and disacknowledge Allah? Let us think for a second. Let us think if we have the means, conscience, and aql-e-saleem (sound intellect) even a little bit. Allah gave us intellect (aql) so that we may know our Rabb. Why did Allah give us intellect (aql)? Gave us so that the servant (qul) may get acquainted with Allah. Why did Allah send down the Quran? Allah sent Islam and the Quran so that people may learn how to serve Allah. See, the sultanate is in servitude (being a qul) to Allah, there is bliss in that. If you are looking for bliss elsewhere, then you will see you are completely wrong, but it will be a pity. You will be late, and the ship will have sailed once you are late. All regrets and screeches will not give results. So, see to it before Azrail comes, and before your specified term (ajal) ends. The hour of ajal (specified term) will come, that much is certain. We have taken a breath, but we don’t have the authority to take another at all. So, we need to evaluate every breath as a long life. We need to make use of every breath. Each breath is a part of our lives, and they are being sealed. The angels of kiraman katibin (honourable scribes) seal them, saying “Where has he spent each breath?” So, spend them for the pleasure (riza) and commands of Allah. Spend them for beneficial and good things. Spend them in the way of happiness. Don’t you ever spend them for sin, haram, rebellion, disbelief (kufr), or polytheism (shirk)! Don’t you ever waste any of your breaths, not even one. Also, don’t say you were not warned. Al-Quran Al-Karim shouts out to the universe. Nobody does that but Al-Quran Al-Karim. See, it is the manifestation of Allah’s mercy (rahmat) to the universe. Muhammad is also a manifestation of mercy (rahmat), and Islam is Allah embracing all humanity with mercy (rahmat). Why are you running away from the mercy (rahmat) of Allah? Will you be saved once you run away? Is Allah not present where you go? Think for a second! Is there no death where you run away? See, if you are running away from the life-giver, then are you going for a miserable life?
Run towards Allah.
The hodja recites a part of the 50th verse of Surah al-Dhariyat .
“Flee towards Allah.”
Do not go in any other direction.
Flee towards Allah. Hold fast to Almighty Allah. To hold fast to Allah is to hold fast to the commands of Allah. It is to obey and worship Allah. It is to obey and worship by having a good faith (iman), with true knowledge (haqq ilm), and information.
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The hodja recites the 94th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
“O, you who believe!” says Allah Ta’ala wa Taqaddas who is the Most Exalted. The Almighty Fayyaz (Generous). Our Almighty Rabb, who is Tabāraka wa Taqaddas says, “O, you who believe!”
“Surely, Allah will test you through something of the game which can reach your hands and your spears so that Allah may make evident those who fear Allah in secret. So, there is a painful punishment for whoever transgresses after this.” In this verse of the Quran, we see that life itself is but a test. The pilgrims (hajji) wear ihram, and when they are in the state of ihram, they cannot hunt, nor can they pick up a leaf. As you know, there is a sacred area (haram) around Makkah al-Mukarramah and Baitullah. It is in that area. That said, you cannot even pick up grass, nor can you hunt for game while in the state of ihram. Moreover, you cannot slaughter an animal while in the state of ihram. So, Janâb-i Haqq sent many game animals near their possessions and into their tents in order to test these pilgrims (hajji) who are in the state of ihram for it is Allah Ta’ala who uses the hearts. Allah Ta’ala is the Musarrif al-Qulub, Tasarruf al-Qulub, and Muqallib al-Qulub al-Aswad. That is, Allah turns the hearts to whatever direction Allah wills. See, Allah sent many game animals there, near their possessions and around their legs in order to see whether pilgrim (hajji) woman and men will do anything to the game animals while they are in the state of ihram. Allah tested them there.
But of course, those who take their share of Al-Quran Al-Karim, those who take their lesson, the sincere Muslims who are strictly bound to the command of Allah have all passed the test. Life itself is a test. So, protect grass, leaves, flowers, bugs, and everything that is beneficial to the ecosystem like a pilgrim (hajji) in ihram. Islam is a holy and sacred order that protects this universe with its innate nature (fitrah). It is the order Allah established. Janâb-i Haqq sent Islam to this world in a way that suits the innate nature (fitrah) of this universe. See, Islam protects the entire ecosystem, living creatures, and all that is beneficial. It does not even hurt an ant. Moreover, mankind is the most honourable creature. This universe, along with all of its bounties (nimat) have been created for mankind. Humans are invaluable. The value of humanity is in faith (iman), their obedience to Allah, and them being true Muslims. Do you know what happens when you deny these? You are degraded below all creatures in that ecosystem. They all do their duties but you don’t. You rebel against Allah, are you aware of this? Get your mind together! It is Janâb-i Haqq’s rahmat (mercy) and grace (lutf) that makes us talk about this clearly. Whatever we have belongs to the Real (al-Haqq).
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If there are wrongs, imperfections, or sins, then they belong to us servants (qul). There cannot be any flaws in Allah. If the true and real things are being said somewhere, then it is a grace (lutf) of Allah, and it is among the greatest blessings (lutf). The truths are our common properties, all that is beneficial such as knowledge (ilm) and science are people’s common properties. No matter where we find it, we should take it like a lost property. We need to accept right and true knowledge, otherwise it will be a pity. See, what did Janâb-i Haqq do in the person of the pilgrims (hajji) who wear ihram, in this verse of the Quran which denotes that everything in life is but a test? Janâb-i Haqq mentioned a group of people but the lesson was given to the entire mankind. We see here that the entire mankind and universe is taught a lesson.
Janâb-i Haqq says the following.
The hodja recites the 95th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
Janâb-i Haqq says the following in this verse of the Quran: “O, you who believe! Do not kill any game while you are in ihram. Whoever kills it among you intentionally, then the punishment is equal to what he killed, so that he may taste the consequence of his action. Two just men among you judging it, as an offering (qurban) reaching the Kaaba. Or, an atonement as a punishment, which is either feeding needy persons to that extent, or equivalent of that in fasting. What has passed has been pardoned by Allah. However, whoever repeats this crime again, Allah will take retribution from him.” That is, justice will be manifested. Nobody can get away with it. “Allah is always victorious, and owner of retribution.” That is, Allah will ensure justice.
So, here we see that when a game animal is killed, just people should determine its requital and then an atonement should be given, which is given to the poor. See, Almighty Allah extends Islam’s hand of mercy (rahmat) to the poor and needy here. Allah extends the poor and needy the hand of mercy (rahmat). Islam is nothing but mercy and generosity. Islam is there wherever there are a poor, needy, orphan, or poverty-stricken people. See, these verses of the Quran embrace the universe with mercy. Says, “Do not make the poor, orphans and needy cry. Rather hasten into their aid. They have their share in your pocket.” Says, “for the beggar and the deprived,” but who is being addressed? Says, “O, those who have wealth! Those poor and deprived people have their rights in your pocket. Do you think you will be saved before you give them their right? See, it is Allah who distributes provision (rizq), and gives it to all living creatures in this world.
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Some people have been made rich, and they are being tested to see whether they will give the rights of the poor or not. See, does he give the right of the poor, needy, and orphans, or not? The life is but a test. The poor are being tested with poverty, and the rich are being tested with their richness. Everyone is being tested. The positions, chairs, wealth, duties, authority, tenancy etc. are all tests. Whoever is upright and fulfils his or her duty to the utmost are the only ones that are saved.
The hodja recites the 96th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
Janâb-i Haqq says this in the aforementioned verse of the Quran.
“Game of the sea and eating it have been made halal as provision for you and for the travellers. As for game of the land, it has been made haram for you as long as you are in ihram. Be conscious of Allah towards whom you will be gathered.” Fear Allah, and save yourselves from Allah’s punishment. That is, “Obey and do not revolt,” says Janâb-i Haqq.
Also says the following.
The hodja recites the 97th verse of Surah al-Maidah .
Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq says and commands in this verse of the Quran. “The Kaaba, the Sacred House (Bayt al-Haram), an establishment for mankind, also the sacred month, and the animals of offering, and the garlands. That is so that you may know that Allah knows whatever there is in the heavens and whatever there is in the earth, and that Allah is truly knowing of everything.”
So, listen well and understand well.
The hodja recites the 98th, 99th, and 100th verses of Surah al-Maidah .
Almighty Rabb also says, “Know that Allah (c.c.) is the One whose punishment is severe, and that Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.” Do not get spoiled due to Allah’s mercy and forgiveness because Allah is indeed severe in punishment. Also, do not ever abandon hope because of Allah’s severe punishment, rather have faith (iman), and obey. That is why you should live between faith (iman) and obedience, between fear and hope. Do not abandon hope ever, but also do not ever think you are safe from punishment! Use your mind (aql) and faith (iman) well. Know Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim.
What befalls on the Prophet is only announcing or tabligh, and the Prophet did that in the best possible way.
“Allah truly knows what you reveal and what you conceal.” Allah knows us. Allah sees everything about us from before the beginning (azal) to eternity (abad). Allah looks at us, and listens us. Allah knows what we do better than ourselves. See, even if you could unite the intellects of all creatures, Allah still knows better than all of them united. So, know Allah (c.c.).
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Say, “The good and the evil are not equal, even if you like the abundance of what is evil. O, people of sound intellect (aql), fear Allah so that you may find salvation.”
See, Islam is such an embodiment of all beauties, and it holds all wrongs from its own structure. That said, Islam is a divine institution that incorporates all that is clean and beautiful, along with the right (haqq) and reality (haqiqa) into its structure. A true Muslim is a person who has been equipped with all these divine beauties. See, Islam is the person who is equipped with all values of Islam. So, when you think of a Muslim, that person earns a complete bliss of Islam in the world, along with the Janna (Paradise) of the spirits, and he also earns the worldly paradise in the world via Islam. He finds life, becomes happy, and also in the grave he lives the spiritual paradise. Also, when he comes to the gathering (mahshar), he goes into the luscious realm of paradise. He attains Dar es-Salaam (Palace of Peace), and Dar al-Huld (Everlasting Place), and everlasting blissful life. Islam is the paradise of the world, grave, and the gathering (mahshar). It is the paradise of the eternity. It is much more beautiful than what I narrate, it is more. My dearest friends, I can only convey this much.
May Janâb-i Mawla make us understand the truth as it is, and make us abstain from wrongs (batil), to stand against them, be truly happy, and find life.
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– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 200
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Now, in order to further clarify this life-giving prescription, we will continue to convey discovery notes. We will give you the discovery notes of the verses whose meanings we gave earlier. We will also give you some notes from authentic sources in regards to narrations (riwayat) and their comprehension (dirayat) so that you can understand the matter better. The word, “mujarrad,” abstract, and analysis. For example, the Messiah and Maryam have partners and comparables. Now, all sources in Islam are right (haqq) and real (haqiqa). The word, “mujarrad,” abstract and a complete analysis. Now, the proofs in Islam are wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation), and they are more real than all of these.
Now, about Isa (Jesus) and his mother Maryam, certain notes are given to us so that we may understand this better. It is said that the Messiah and his mother, meaning our mother Maryam and Isa (Jesus), they have partners and comparables because our mother, Maryam, is a woman. There are other women as well, valuable women just like her. There are many women who have the attribute of being a female. So, it means that our mother, Maryam, is a woman and she has many partners and comparables. As for Isa the Messiah (a.s.), he is a human, a servant (qul) of Allah, and a Prophet. There are so many other Prophets.
Now, they have partners and comparables. Now, our explorers bring forth these theses so that you may understand the verses better. Now, as a small thesis, which is a “sura”. Can Isa (Jesus) and his mother, Maryam, be gods? Is that in the realm of possibility? No, it is not. It is impossible. Can a servant (qul) be a god? No matter how valuable he is, a servant (qul) is but a servant (qul). Isa (a.s.) and our mother Maryam were servants (qul). They have comparables. They cannot be gods, but they are beloved servants (qul) of Allah. They are valuable servants (qul). But they cannot be gods. There is also a major thesis (kubra) here, which states that they are mortal. That is, they were created from nothing, and they were born. The day they are born and the day they die are predestined. They are mortal beings, just like all creatures (makhluqat). That is, everyone lives when Allah makes them live, and everyone dies when Allah kills them. Were Isa (a.s.) and his mother Maryam in need of sustenance? Yes, of course. They would eat and drink as well. So, they needed food and drink. Were they needy? Yes, they were servants (qul) so they are needy. Were they in need of a piece of bread? Yes, they were even in need of a piece of bread if there weren’t any. Were they poor and powerless? Yes, they were susceptible to poverty, hardship, and powerlessness. If they weren’t like that, then how did our mother Maryam be slandered by the Jews, and she had gone through such hardships? They said, “You earned Isa (Jesus) through fornication (zina).” They wanted to kill Isa (Jesus). They wanted to torture him. They also murdered some of the other Prophets. They wanted to crucify Isa (Jesus). They were able to do these because they were servants (qul).
Is anyone able to do anything to Allah? Allah is free and away from time or space. Can Allah be harmed even if all the worlds united? No. That is why those who say, “Isa (Jesus) is Allah,” have been wrong, and they have been stuck in polytheism (shirk). Al-Quran Al-Karim has been presenting the prescription of life here. Says, “Remove polytheism (shirk) and establish monotheism (tawhid).”
Allah is One, and Allah has never had equals, comparables, partners, or overseers, and will never have. It is said that Allah is One, and has never had equals, partners, or overseers. Isa (Jesus) and Maryam are beloved servants (qul) of Allah. Also, it is said that Isa (Jesus) was a Prophet. Muhammad was a Prophet. Musa was a Prophet. Isa (Jesus) was a Prophet. Ibrahim and Nuh (Noah) were Prophets along with Ya’qub (Jacop), Yūsuf (Joseph), Shuʿayb, Lot, Suleiman, and Dawood (a.s.). There are many Prophets. There are so many Prophets that we cannot count all of them. They are all beloved and valuable servants (qul) of Allah. That is why you should never call mortals gods. Allah has no equals or comparables. Almighty Allah says, “Save yourselves from polytheism (shirk).
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One cannot enter Janna (Paradise) with polytheism (shirk) ever. One cannot ever enter Janna (Paradise) with disbelief (kufr) and corruption (nifaq). One cannot ever get out of Jahannam (Hell). That is the command of Al-Quran Al-Karim.
This is an unanimously accepted and absolutely understood reality in Islam. This is what the zahir (apparent) of Al-Quran Al-Karim narrates. There may be a small number of people out of Ahlus-Sunnah who have different opinions, but they are not valid opinions because they don’t suit the zahir (apparent) of Al-Quran Al-Karim. That is why two suggestions have been made here, “sura and kubra,” and the former means minor thesis and the latter means major thesis. This way the truths are being discovered and presented to people’s reason (aql). Says, “A servant (qul) cannot be a god.” Allah’s perfection is due to Allah, meaning Allah is wajib al-wūjūd (necessary existent). That is a necessity of the Being (Dhat) of Allah. Allah is the sole true (haqq) being, and Allah is necessary existent. The others are all creatures, and creations of Allah. Whatever the Messiah has belongs to Allah. That is, it is said that Allah created Isa the Messiah. All of them belong to Allah, just like Allah created other servants (qul). He is a servant (qul) of Allah, and he was created, and he was a Messenger of Allah. Now, minor (sura) and major (kubra) suggestions are being explained to you.
Another word explained and discovered is the word, “ghuluw (غُلُوّ),”. The word, “ghuluw (غُلُوّ)” was mentioned in the verses. It means exorbitance and transgressing. Now, people should research, study the evidence, and obtain the proof and witnesses in every matter. He should fully implement the decrees (hukm). Salabat, ittiqa (creed), ijtihad (human effort), wara‘, mujāhadah (strive), effort, and religious zeal. See, righteous exorbitance is not considered “ghuluw (غُلُوّ)”. For example, let’s say you did too many good deeds and overstepped the bounds, there is no harm in these things because they are legitimate, rather there is fazilat in them. The verse supported this view. Righteous exorbitance and ifrat are not considered bigotry or fanaticism. That is, when you are exorbitant in right (haqq) things, they are neither considered ifrat, nor bigotry, nor fanaticism. However, some people transgress (ghuluw (غُلُوّ)) in the wrong (batil) path. See, Janâb-i Haqq narrates that and says that there are many blind and dry imitation, fanaticism, exorbitance (ifrat) and remissness (tafrit) that lack a proof, is doubtful, and doesn’t have a right (haqq) measure. See, it is said that there is ghuluw (غُلُوّ) in this attitude of the Christians and the Jews who claim Isa (Jesus) is Allah, and claim that Maryam is a divinity. Never! There is nothing right (haqq) or real (haqiqa) here. They divinize servants, that is so wrong. They slandered Isa (Jesus). They have been doing the opposite of what the Bible, the Torah, and the Quran said. They denied Prophet Muhammad. Now, this mentality is utterly wrong, and is a completely sick mentality. The prescription of the life-giving Islam came to find life for all mankind, to save them from wrongs, and to establish tawhid iman (monotheism) into the hearts. Janâb-i Haqq has been presenting the truth (haqiqa) to mankind for that. Now, imitation, hewa (sinful desire), and whim are servitude to the desires of the soul or nafs. These are things that destroy the person. There is no imitation in Islam. There is reality (haqiqa) in Islam. Now, hewa is the illegitimate desires of the soul or nafs.
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The soul (nafs) has whim and illegitimate desires, and it is polytheism (shirk) to serve the desires of the soul (nafs). Some people worship their own soul (nafs). Some people worship idols, or they divinize other people. Islam rejects all of these, and declares servitude to Allah. The only servitude is to Allah the Creator, not the creatures. Now, the majority of the scholiasts say the People of Sabbath have been cursed by Dawood (David) due to their transgressions (zulm). Now, what does Janâb-i Haqq say in the verse of the Quran?
Says that some people and some groups among the Jews and Israelites have been turned into apes. That is, due to their transgressions (zulm). See, Ashab-i Sebt (People of Sabbath) said here. Now, it is said that the People of Sabbath were cursed by the tongue of Dawood (David). See, Saturday was the sacred day in Judaism and Christianism. About the value of that day, and the truths Musa and the Torah brought forth just like Allah commanded, it is said that when the Jews did the opposite of those, Allah turned them into apes, and it is also said, “By the tongue of Isa (Jesus).” See, the People of Maida were also cursed due to ungratefulness, they were also turned into swine. They were also those who objected to Isa (a.s.). Also, the People of Sabbath were cursed by Dawood (David) Alaihissalam. They objected. Who are they?
Both of them are of Bani Isra’il, and one of them was cursed by Dawood (a.s.). They are People of Sabbath. They are the ones who betrayed Saturday. They have been turned to apes. As for those who objected to Isa (a.s.), they were cursed in the world of that day, and they were turned into swine. These are mentioned in the narrations (riwayat). The original (asl) of this is clearly present in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Those who are guilty among Bani Israel have been turned into apes and swine. Whoever commits that crime, whether he is Turkish, Arab, Muslim, or non-Muslim, the same disaster will befall on him. Prophet Muhammad informed of that. Says, “There are people among my ummah who will be turned to apes and swine. If you commit the same crime, then that is what will happen to you. Janâb-i Haqq warns us and informs us about the past so that everyone may take precautions with regards to the future so that nobody will fall into that situation.
Then again, Janâb-i Haqq mentions just witnesses. Everyone has to act just, and all witnesses have to be honest and just. This is in the 135th verse of Surah al-Nisa . Allah also addresses Beloved Muhammad just like Allah addressed Musa (Moses), and says, “Don’t feel sorry for the disbelievers (kāfirs).” Our Prophet has worked for the salvation of everyone. Al-Quran Al-Karim has been written as a prescription of salvation for everyone, but some people don’t accept it. So, what does Janâb-i Haqq say in the 64th verse of Surah al-Maidah . Says, “Don’t feel sorry for the disbelievers (kāfirin), for you to spread (tabligh) correctly is enough.”
Dearest friends! It is necessary to fulfil duties in order not to feel sorry. As Prophet Muhammad fully performed his duty, Almighty Allah consoled him about the disbelievers (kāfirin), and said, “Do not feel sorry.” As for us, let us fully perform our duties with mercy, and complete love. After that, let us not feel sorry about those who disbelieve, but we should perform our duty. Let us present (tabligh) the right (haqq) and reality (haqiqa) to each other.
Time Stamp: 15:48
Then again, Janâb-i Haqq says, “idols and greed for life,” are present in the polytheists (mushrikun) and the Jews. Now, the mentality of the Jew that objected to Musa and the Torah was present in the past. As for today, all of those who object to Musa and the Torah, and the Quran and the Sunnah all have greed for life and idols. See, it is said that the majority of those who have greed for idols and greed for life are the polytheists (mushrikun) and the Jews. See, whoever has the evil attributes and qualities that the polytheists (mushrikun) and the Jews did are present in the others as well. So, when a Muslim carries an attribute of the polytheists (mushrikun) or the Jews, then he is as same as them.
But of course, those among Jews who believe in what is right (haqq) and real (haqiqa) are beside the point here. Says, “We made their hearts hard,” and says, “وَجَعَلْنَا قُلُوبَهُمْ قَاسِيَةً”. We made the hearts of some hard. Who are they? Well, when a person commits sin, disbelieves (kufr), and practices polytheism (shirk), then the sins he committed are stamped onto his heart as a seal. These are that person’s own earnings. You see, Allah stamps that earning to the heart of that person. Allah stamps them, because they are his earnings. If Janâb-i Haqq does not give requital of people’s earnings of good or evil, then there won’t be a test, there won’t be freedom or liberty. A person gets the requital of whatever he earns. You see, the requital for disbelief (kufr) is hardening of the heart in the end because Allah gives the requital of whatever the person has earned.
Fasād, conceit, obstinacy, lie, rebellion, insurrection, and murdering Prophets were all present in Israel back then, and today as well. They have been murdering in Palestine for 50 years. They have been shedding blood. They themselves producing state terrorism. Every terrorist is guilty, and they have been producing state terrorism. That is why fasād, conceit, obstinacy, lie, rebellion, insurrection, and murdering Prophets were present in them in the past. They had killed Yahyā (John) and Zechariah. They wanted to crucify Isa (Jesus). They wanted to kill Muhammad. There are narrations that say they had killed many other Prophets as well. To whom does the crime belong to? That is to those who committed it. We have never blamed those who did not, ever. The crime belongs to the person who committed it. So, Almighty Allah narrates the murders of Bani Israel in Al-Quran Al-Karim.
This is so that everyone in the world and Israel may derive a lesson. Kıssis are for their salvation. That is, who are the kıssis? We gave you the essential meaning of the verse of the Quran before. The kıssis are the heads of priests who are busy with knowledge (ilm) and worship (ibadat). That is, the kıssis are busy with knowledge (ilm) and worship (ibadat). They are the heads of the priests. This is a narration that comes from Ibn Zayd. It also means monk or learned man, which is mentioned in the news conveyed by Al-Qurtubi. It is the plural of clergy and priest, and these documents and news are based on Asım Efendi and Al-Raghib al-Isfahani.
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The word rahbat (رَهْبَة) means to fear, to refrain, vegetarian, to put on chains, to castrate, to clear away the original sin and the soul (nafs), to be stuck in wrong while running away from the truth (haqq), to go after worldly things under the name of rahbānīyah (monasticism), to abandon halal and go after haram, and to use priesthood for evil. We tried to mention the positive and negative meanings of the word rahbat (رَهْبَة). As much as they brought forth rahbānīyah (monasticism) with good intentions, what did they do in the end? They did not follow it and used it for evil, except for some.
Loss is mentioned here. Also, loss is absolute and relative. The absolute one is known only by Allah. Nobody can know about the absolute loss other than Allah. This is the absolute loss, and there is also relative loss. Some people know it, and some don’t. As for this, Allah Ta’ala informs about this to whom Allah wills. They only know when Allah informs them, and they only know in that case, otherwise nobody can know it. However, absolute loss is only known by Allah. As for others, Janâb-i Haqq informs whoever Janâb-i Haqq wills. El-Aclûnî says, “There is no rahbānīyah in Islam,” in Kashf-ul-Hafā.
The hodja recites the original text of the above quote.
Now, there is no rahbānīyah in Islam. Love for the world is the beginning of mistakes. You shall rule the world, but it shall not enter into your heart. You shall mount on the world and know how to use it in the way of Allah. The world shall not use you, rather you shall use the world in the way of Allah. The world shall not enter your heart, rather you shall mount it. You shall hit it, whip it and drive it in the way of Allah. Or, no matter if you are on land, sea, or air, you shall calibrate your steering wheel towards the way of Allah.
Tajarrud is mentioned. Tajarrud is used in the meanings of to detach from everything other than Allah, and become a person of patience and tolerance. It is among the qualities of zuhd al-taqwa. Now, it means to detach from everything other than Allah, and become a person of patience and tolerance. For one thing, there shall not be polytheism (shirk), corruption (nifaq), or disbelief (kufr) in your heart. You shall have true tawhid iman (monotheism) in Allah. The world shall not enter your heart. You shall detach from the world, and this means to refrain from wrongdoings, to hasten into good, to excel in benevolent services, and become a complete mujahideen. Become the most hardworking person in the world without doing anything wrong. Now, detachment does not mean to lazily sit in a corner and live sluggishly and live in abasement. Besides, sitting in a corner with spiderwebs and with a broken jug has absolutely nothing to do with zuhd al-taqwa or Islam. These are based on Buddhism and Hinduism. These are remnants of Buddhas and Hinduism, or even Ancient Greece. As for poverty, it is not like that in Islam.
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There is no ideology of poverty in Islam. The goal of Islam is to save the world from poverty, and to establish social justice in the entire world, and to embrace the universe with mercy. It is to be the giving hand, not the receiving hand. It is to be in need of Allah. The concept of being in need in Islam is to be in need of Allah, and never be in need of anyone else. That is, to be subject to Allah and be free against everyone other than Allah. This is what is in the soul of the real tasawwuf in Islam. They also misunderstood tasawwuf. Tasawwuf is the soul of the sharia (law) of Islam for those who understand it well. As for those who don’t, they take this to Buddhism, Hinduism and Greeks. They will take it to hulul (incarnation), tenasuh (reincarnation), imtizaj (coalescence), and ittihad (unity), and fall into polytheism (shirk). Thus, his ties to Islam will separate, but when people see the turban on his head, and the jubbah on his back with his long bear, then people are impressed.
Appearance is not important. Rather, you should back that appearance with tawhid (monotheism), knowledge (ilm), and wisdom (irfan). Majority of Muslims need knowledge (ilm) and wisdom (irfan). The exceptions don’t break the rule here. There is nobody who doesn’t need it, but the majority of them need it more. Because since the last century, a gap between Islamic sciences and Muslims have occurred. The scholarly ties have been weakened. People have been living hearsay and conventional Islam. Islam is not hearsay or conventional. Islam is the embodiment of right (haqq) and reality (haqiqa) that the Real (al-Haqq) brought forth. People should live by knowing the Quran, Sunnah, community consensus (ijmā al-ummah), analogical reasoning of the jurists (qiyās-i fuqahā). Or, they should abide by those who know these best. Random ignorant people should not be imitated. If you imitate people due to their clothing, appearance, or inheritance from father to son, then you will be the one who cause Islam and Muslims to get out of hand. Islam has been standing safe and sound like an arrow. However, there have been people who were misguided. The 27th verse of Surah al-Hadid  says, “As for rahbānīyah (monasticism), they invented it, but they did not observe it with due observance,” says Janâb-i Haqq. So, what is rahbānīyah (monasticism) in Islam? Well, it is to be with the truth (haqq) in public. It is to be with the truth (haqq) in public. You need to hasten into service and jihad. You shall act with the intention of being in the lead in terms of goodness. You shall be in public, but be with the truth (haqq), which is the point. Due to knowledge (ilm), affection towards scholars, idea of afterlife, and humbleness, there are more Muslims converted from Christianity, and less were converted from Judaism. This was about their affection towards knowledge (ilm) and scholars, and idea of afterlife, and humbleness… Pay attention! There have been many Christians who became Muslims, but there are less who became Muslims among the Jews. It was less before, and it is less today as well. The reasons for that have been narrated by Janâb-i Haqq to every nation’s spiritual world in Al-Quran Al-Karim. About Ruh al-Haqq (Spirit of Truth), it is mentioned in the Bible and the Torah. Who is it? Well, it is Prophet Muhammad.
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He is the True Spirit. This truth has been covered. They concealed this truth, and they have not been telling the truth to mankind. Ruh al-Haqq is Prophet Muhammad. It is written in the Torah and the Bible. Had they told the truth, then they knew Prophet Muhammad better than they knew their own sons. Why did they not tell this? This was because they wanted to ensure unearned income, chairs and positions. Also, they fell into this wrong because they feared the world would become Muslims. They divided the world, segregated. This is one of the causes of the greatest segregation on earth. It is to conceal the truth and hide it. So, what could have happened instead? Well, what should the people who procured unearned income do? Well, had they worked in the way of truth (haqiqa), then Allah would have given them better bounties (nimat), chairs and positions. Chairs and positions are not only in the wrongs! See, chair and position, and blissful prescription is to live the truth (haqiqa). It is not in wrong. Let’s say you died in polytheism (shirk), and you deceived people as well. Then you perished, is this not a pity for yourself and those whom you deceived? One of those who saw the truth is An-Najashi. Now, An-Najashi was an Abyssinian Ruler in our Prophet’s time, and he had gathered all monks and priests. See, An-Najashi being an Abyssinian Ruler had gathered the monks, priests, believers, and also polytheists. That is, he even invited non-Muslim idolaters, and asked about Maryam. He asked, “What is in the Quran in regards to our mother Maryam.” See, An-Najashi being an Abyssinian Ruler had asked this question to Ja’far al-Tayyar. He was the leader of the committee of Muslims. He was their spokesperson. Ja’far al-Tayyar (r.a.) is the brother of Ali. There is a surah in Al-Quran Al-Karim. See, it is the Surah Maryam. Today, the truths about Maryam are in the Quran. Al-Quran Al-Karim has narrated the real Maryam to the world in the best possible way. There is a special Surah Maryam in Al-Quran Al-Karim. The real Isa (Jesus) is in the Quran. The real Musa (Moses) is in the Quran, along with Ibrahim and Nuh. Bible, Torah, and the Scriptures are all in Al-Quran Al-Karim. The Quran is the witness to the entire past. Now, Jafar al-Tayyar says there is Surah Maryam in Al-Quran Al-Karim, and recites until the 34th verse of Surah al-Maryam . He also recites verses from Surah Ta Ha , and read until the 9th verse. So, he recited verses of Surah Ta Ha and Surah Maryam. Then, An-Najashi the Abyssinian Ruler and his entourage started crying.
The Quran is the true book.
An-Najashi was sobbing. The monks and priests were sobbing. Then, An-Najashi sent a group of 70 to Prophet Muhammad, our Master (asw). Then, our Prophet recited Yaseen Sharif to them, and they sobbed as well. These verses talk about these. They cried and declared faith (iman), and they became Muslims. See, not being a Muslim in the face of Islam is to throw yourself to the Fire knowingly. It is such a pity.
Now, dearest friends! We continue to give you notes regarding the verses.
Time Stamp: 34:55
Do not cause, or do not directly and personally turn rights into harams. Don’t call halals harams. Don’t make harams halals. Don’t forbid good bounties (nimat). Abstain from exorbitance (ifrat) and remissness (tafrit)! This way, the truths that are stated in the verses are being further clarified. It is said, “To cause, or to directly make.” It is said that don’t make something right a haram. Don’t call halal haram. Don’t you ever make something haram a halal! Do not forbid good bounties (nimat). Abstain from exorbitance (ifrat) and remissness (tafrit). The religion of Islam is nothing but wasati (middle, centred). Islam rejects exorbitance (ifrat) and remissness (tafrit). Except for a few specific sins and harams, the entire universe was created for people by Janâb-i Haqq. The number of halals is so numerous that you cannot count them. The harams in Al-Quran Al-Karim are specified, and all other things are halal for people, they are mubah (acceptable). That is why if something is halal, then don’t call it haram. As for harams, don’t you ever call them halal! Attentions have been drawn to this point.
It is said that companions (sahabah) who were impressed with the discourse of our Master (asw) gathered in the house of Uthman bin Maz’oon. Radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. They gathered in his house. They were very impressed by the conversation of our Prophet. In the place they gathered, some companions (sahabah) decided on “To not sleep, to not eat meat, to not eat fat, to stay away from woman, to not put on perfume, complete detachment from the world, like fasting all the time, wearing old rags while travelling, and cutting their manhood.” This news came to our Prophet. Then, our Prophet called them and said, “I was not commanded like that. O, people among my ashab who understand it like this! I was not commanded like that! I fast, and I break my fast (iftar). You should fast, but also break your fast. Perform namāz (prayer), sleep, for you need sleep.” He said, “I perform my namāz (prayer), and sleep as well. I do these, and I eat meat, I also eat fat, and I never neglect any of my women,” said our Prophet (asw).
The hodja recites the original text of the following hadith. He said, “He who turns away from my sunnah (i.e., way) is not from me.” He warned them, and then the verses whose meanings we gave here. The hodja recites the original text of the following quote. “Believers are amiable. Muslims are amiable. They love sweetness. In this hadith-i sharif that is narrated in Kashf-ul-Hafā, our Prophet narrates an attribute (sifāt) of Muslims. He says that Muslims are sweet people, they love being sweet. They are sweet, and they want the person in front of them to be sweet as well. They want to treat and be treated amiably.
Time Stamp: 40:00
Because he does not want to break anyone’s heart, and he does not want to be heartbroken. That is his right, of course. Besides, not breaking anyone’s heart and not being heartbroken is possible through loving people and them loving you back. See, sympathy and empathy are mutual, and they lean against the love of Allah. If you are filled to the brim with it, then a great atmosphere will occur in individuals, groups, families, the state, the nation, and the world. People’s affection and respect will come together. People will start not letting anyone speak ill about themselves, and the souls that protect the hearts will start getting along. Fake loves are no love. True love is one that is divine, which is love of Allah. It is to love Allah and being loved by Allah with the values of Islam. It is to love those who are loved by Allah, and being loved by them.
So, Ibn Mas’ud (r.a.) and Hasan al-Basri (r.a.) objected to those who said, “I won’t do this and that and I won’t eat,” and recited this verse to them. They said, “The blessing in cold water is more, so don’t even drink water anymore.”
This is what they say to those who say, “I won’t eat or drink, rather I will always fast.” Our elders were right, and they told the truth. So, fast like Allah commanded, and don’t bring forth measures at your whim. Don’t go to exorbitance (ifrat) or remissness (tafrit). Our Prophet brought forth the measure. One month of Ramadan Shareef fast is obligatory (fard). As for Muharram fasting, it is a sunnah. Also, there is fasting in the beginning and middle of every month. There are also Ayyam al-Bid days. Or, there are also fasts such as weekly fasts like Çalmu Dâvûdî. You may fast in those days. Otherwise, there is no such thing in Islam to say, “I will always fast, stay away from my women, won’t eat, won’t drink, and wear old clothes.”
Our Prophet forbade these. That is why the religion of Islam is a well-balanced religion. It requires health and well-being. Islam is an embodiment of health, well-being, and joy. Every Muslim and every person want to be healthy and well. That is why you should implement the prescription well, and use it well. This prescription is divine.
See, a prescription of a doctor may be overturned by another doctor. He may not like it, and the other doctor may write another prescription but this is something divine. There is no equal or comparable of the divine prescription of Islam. Know this, and implement the life-giving divine prescription well, and learn it well. Learn it from Muhammad (asw). We have our mujtahids who learned it from Muhammad. We have our Islamic scholars (âlim) of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. We have venerable figures who can narrate Al-Quran Al-Karim verse by verse. We have an intact fiqh ecole. We have reliable sources. We have elders who uncovered and discovered Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim. We have so many sources. So, learn your religion from its original source, and use the prescription well.
Only then will you have used the life-giving prescription and found life. If you do, you will be the one who will be blissful forever and ever. Don’t say you haven’t heard! These are expressions of reality (haqiqa), and they are more real than what I say. Don’t you ever forget this!
May Janâb-i Haqq make us among the servants (qul) who become fully happy and attain the grace (lutf) by the generosity and guidance of Allah. You see, everything we have belongs to Allah. We shall want from Allah and we shall receive from Allah. However, we will do that by working and being of service in the best possible manner.
Time Stamp: 45:10
Now, as it is mentioned in these verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim such as the 225th verse of Surah al-Baqarah, and just like we mentioned these matters on that verse, breaking an oath and yemîn al-munakidah (oath made on something possible in the future). So, it is said that if your oath is not to commit sin, then don’t break it. If you have taken an oath on something that is not a sin, then don’t break your oath. For example, you took an oath on not to smoke another cigarette ever. Don’t break your oath because there is harm if you do. You will smoke cigarettes, there is harm. Cigarettes are harmful for you, and there are about 3 to 4 thousand harms scientifically explained today. Even if there was a single harm, then it would be enough to harm you. That is why don’t shoot yourself with a gun! Abstain from what is harmful, and if something is harmful and Islam forbade it, then abandon it for Allah. Only then will you have served Allah.
If you abandon them for your soul (nafs), then you will be a slave to it. However, if you abandon them for Allah, then you completely save yourself and your soul (nafs). You are saved as a whole with your body and your soul. You are saved from all harms of contagion and communication from your body to soul and vice versa. However, abandon them only with the intention of being a servant (qul) of Allah. I am warning you on this one. There is no worship in the name of your own soul (nafs) or someone else. Every good deed and everything in Islam are done for Allah, and one abstains from harams for Allah. These all should be done for Allah so that you will have served Allah. Otherwise, if you are not doing these things due to something else, then your action is not considered sacred, worship, or obedience. That would be obeying someone else. In the centre and core of bidding what is good and forbidding what is evil should be belief in Allah. Also, one should do good deeds (sawāb) and abstain from sins only due to the command of Allah and due to your obedience to Allah. If you do that because it suits your soul (nafs), then it is no good. It is Allah Ta’ala who protects you and your soul (nafs). So, this is the prescription of Allah. That is why do what you need to do and abstain from all sins for Allah, and know that you will earn so much just by doing that. That is why break your oath right away if you swore on committing a sin.
So, let’s say you sweared on doing something sinful, break it and give atonement. For example, you said I will not marry and you sweared on it but you need to get married. So, break your oath and marry a good Muslim and be happy, and don’t live a single life. If you need to marry, don’t you ever live a single life. Marriage is the most blissful life in the world. It is the best. A single life is no life but if you don’t need to be married or you are in deprivation both financially or spiritually, and you cannot afford, then of course you need to take your precautions according to that. Otherwise, if you need marriage and you have the means financially and spiritually, and then you take an oath that you won’t get married, then break your oath right away, give your atonement, and get married. Don’t say nobody told you. Don’t live a single life, understand the matter well. As for atonements, they mean both punishment and worship. Do legitimate things that are commands of Islam, and do everything for Allah for they are all worship, sawāb, obedience, and worship.
All of them will make you earn things, and abandon everything that is a sin for Allah, which also earns you things. Why? Because that saves you from sin and loss. Read both sides of the prescription. See, one side of the prescription protects you while the other side adorns you with beneficial things, health and joy. That is why you should read both sides of the prescription well, and understand it well! See, one side of the prescription is to make you happy in the world while the other side is for guaranteeing your afterlife. This is an utter guarantee, and it prepares you for a blissful life, so you should understand this well.
Time Stamp: 50:45
In a hadith-i sharif that is narrated by Muslim and others, “Whoever takes an oath and then sees something better than his oath, then he should give atonement of his oath and then do what is better.” So, we understand this better with an example here. These are not so well understood without examples. So, let’s say you took an oath saying you won’t speak to a person, and as you know being cross with somebody is not okay so three days of permit have been given regarding it. However, it is not said that you should wait for three days, rather the permit is three days. You can’t stay cross with someone; you need to make up with him. Also, you need to give atonement for breaking your oath right away. This is what is best, and our Prophet says, “When you see something better, then give the atonement for your oath and do what is better.” Can there be any good in being cross? No, there cannot be. So, use analogy and understand the matter! Now, the word ibāḥa is mentioned, and of course atonement is also mentioned.
Now, one of the atonements is to feed ten poor people from breakfast to supper. That is, to be able to feed ten poor people from morning to evening. Now, there is also a temlik aspect of this, which is to provide them with money that is enough to keep them fed throughout the day. Now, the amount of fitrah. Now, our matter is fidyah and fitrah. Now, this is called temlik, which is to provide them with enough currency for keeping them fed throughout the day, and this is for ten poor people. Then again, Al-Imam Al-Azam says, “It is one fitrah.” So, half sa (weight unit) of wheat for each poor fellow, which is near to 3 kilograms. So, it makes 2917 grams, but let us accept it as 3 kilograms. Also, one sa (weight unit) for others as well. As for Imam al-Shafi’i, he called this a “müd,” which translates to 832 grams. As for the other atonement, he said it is necessary to provide ten poor people with clothing that covers the necessary places. Also, according to a narration, it is said suits should be given to them. Another atonement is that freeing a slave or a slave girl is requested for atonement for an oath. Imam al-Shafi’i said that this has to be a Muslim slave or slave girl, and he or she should be freed and his or her freedom should be given to him or her.
As you know, Islam came to abolish slavery in the world. It came so that all humanity may become free beings. So, Islam started the greatest sawāb (reward) with freeing slaves. See, Al-Quran Al-Karim, Almighty Allah said, “Free slaves, and give them their freedom, that is the greatest sawāb (reward).” Why? Because humanity on that day was living completely as slaves, as for today, modern slavery is being lived. Islam is the only divine establishment that presents people their freedom and liberty in all eras.
Now, the Hanafites said, “it is acceptable if he is a non-Muslim as well,” regarding freeing slaves.
Time Stamp: 55:00
Those who can’t afford this shall fast for three days. For example, let’s say a person couldn’t afford what is listed. So, it is said that if he can’t afford any of it, then he shall fast for three days. It is said that the atonement for fast is fulfilled this way. It is necessary (wajib) to fulfil one of these three. The obligant is free in his choice according to his own means. So, don’t you ever get used to taking oaths, and don’t take an oath for everything! Then, the type of oath should be known as well. “Don’t forget your oaths, and don’t break your oaths that are not to be broken, and give atonement immediately for the oaths regarding which you see a better alternative.”
Also, let us see what Janâb-i Haqq says towards 90th and 93rd verses. “Indeed, games of change (gambling), alcoholic drinks, and intoxicants, fortune-telling, divining arrows, idols, and stone altars are haram, and they are abominations (rij’s) among the work of the Shaitan.” See, lottery, gambling and all things that are considered gambling are abominable, dirty, and filthy. Al-Quran Al-Karim gave its decree (hukm) clearly, and expressed them as “the work of the Shaitan.” See the 219th verse of Surah al-Baqarah, this truth is also mentioned there. Also, in the 43rd verse of Surah al-Nisa : “لاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الصَّلاَةَ وَأَنتُمْ سُكَارَى”. “When you are drunk, don’t draw near the namāz (prayer), and from now on give up all types of alcohol.” See, Janâb-i Haqq says, “From now on, give up all types of intoxicating substances,” and forbids them. The 219th verse of Surah al-Baqarah considers it among major sins. So, drinking and gambling are foremost among major sins.
Janâb-i Haqq says, “يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ قُلْ فِيهِمَا إِثْمٌ كَبِيرٌ”. What is said here? “They ask you about drinking and gambling. Say, ‘There is a great sin in them.’,” says Janâb-i Haqq. That which we counted so far are among major sins. There are a specific number of sins in Al-Quran Al-Karim, the mutawatir and authentic Sunnah. So, in Al-Quran Al-Karim, if the verse that forbids something includes punishment and curse, then they are all among major sins. Then again, they are called abominations, and work of the Shaitan. Three groups of things have been prescribed as haram here. It is said that they are both abasement and work of the Shaitan. These things lead to committing every kind of murder, and there won’t be a religion, faith (iman), world, or hereafter left. That is why we must strongly abstain from all harams and sins.
Time Stamp: 59:35
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 201
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
There are absolutely haram things included in these things counted and mentioned in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Janâb-i Haqq made them strictly haram. The faith (iman) of he who calls them halal will disappear and he will abandon the religion. That is why if there is even a slight chance or doubt that something is haram, even if it is as big as the hair on a date-seed, then don’t you ever call it halal! However, there are countless and boundless halals, and don’t call any of them haram! Whatever Allah called haram are haram, and whatever Allah called halal are halal. Dearest friends! Nobody has the chance to call things halal or haram at a whim. So, when these verses were revealed, and when Janâb-i Haqq said, “You have renounced, right?” Umar said, “O, Rabbena! We renounced completely.” What was Ali saying? Ali was saying, “If a drop of wine fell into a sea, then the sea dried away, and grass grew there I would not feed it to my sheep.” That is what Ali said. So, what did the want to say? Well, they are strictly bound to the commands of Allah. They are Muslims who are strictly bound to the Quran. Those who love Umar and Ali today should pay attention to this! Those who say “I am a straight-up Muslim, and I am in the way of Muhammad, Ali, Wali, Umar, Uthman, and Baqir.” Radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. Ali said that even if a drop of it fell into a sea and the sea got dried and grass grew, he would not feed to his sheep. Some people are chugging wine. What did Ali say? What did other elders of Islam say? And what are those who call themselves Muslims are doing?
About Abdullah ibn Umar, he was among the greatest Islamic scholars (âlim). It is narrated that he said, “If my finger was submerged in wine, I would cut it and throw it.” See, he is also against haram. They have major sensibility when it comes to the commands of Allah. This is obedience and love to Allah. You need to fulfil the command of Allah. After that, if you obey Allah and don’t rebel, then it is absolutely clear that you love Allah. However, if you do what Allah forbade you to do, and you become a barrel of wine inside and outside, and talk about the hidden part of the iceberg without seeing any of the obvious truths, but you claim that you see the hidden part of the iceberg. Also, you go and deceive a few gullible people. For one thing, that person becomes a toy in the hands of the Shaitan, and he ruins himself! A Muslim can’t call a haram halal. He cannot bring forth measures at a whim. Allah brings forth the measures, and haram is haram. If you are drinking, at least admit that you are committing sin, and prepare to repent. Save yourself with a good repentance and asking for forgiveness. Is that not a pity? There are punishments for harams. Allah says that Allah will take revenge and implement justice. This was certainly mentioned in the verses we have read.
In a narration, Ibn Majah said the following.
The hodja recites the original text of the narration.
He said that he who drinks wine is as though he worships idols. The reason for that is, “His mind is gone, and there won’t be anything left when reason (aql) is gone, and it will be a pity.” For one of the inviolable rights in the religion of Islam is to preserve reason (aql). Nobody has the right to harm reason (aql).
Time Stamp: 5:08
That is not among anyone’s rights or authorities. There are rights that are recognized as inviolable in the religion such as preserving the religion, preserving goods, protecting the lineage, protecting life, along with preserving reason (aql). These have inviolability. You cannot touch anyone’s life or goods. You cannot touch anyone’s lineage, chastity, honour, dignity. Marriage is an essential. Protecting the lineage is an essential. Preserving reason (aql) is an essential. Religion is complete conservation. It also fully advances and upgrades. If you consider the religion, “reactionary” because it forbids harmful things, then it is only in your brain. There is no reactionism in the religion. Rather, there is protecting people from harm, bidding what is right, and forbidding what is wrong. Understand Islam correctly. You are insulting Allah, are you aware? There are no flaws in the religion. You should check your brain, your charred brain. I am telling this to those who attack the religion. You don’t have any right to attack the religion. Besides, nobody has the right to attack the religion because it is the laws and rules of Allah. So, when you attack the religion, if you have disbelief (kufr) then others have belief (iman). If you have tyranny (zulm), then the others have justice. If you have illegitimate impositions, then the other side has legitimate ways. O, you tyrant! You may live whatever disbelief (kufr) you want to live freely, but don’t speak ill about Islam! Do not speak ill about the Muslims who live Islam. That is out of the bounds of your rights and authority. Beware of this! Otherwise, you will be the leader of terror. You will invent terror, and become the head of it. You will become the head of segregation. You will be the head of reactionism. This nation has sacred values. The religion and faith (iman) come foremost among these sacred values. That is why this noble nation does not let anyone speak ill about their religion, faith (iman), homeland, honour, humanity. This noble nation does not let anyone speak ill about humanity, and gives the necessary lesson to tyrants. Islam is universal, and it is the religion of all humanity. Whether people believe or not, this is a divine mercy. It has embraced the universe, and this is for certain. Those who wish may run away from the mercy, and those who wish may live in that mercy (rahmat). Janâb-i Haqq personally brought the measure, and created the Janna (Paradise) and Jahannam (Hell). But, what does Janâb-i Haqq say? Says, “Spread (tabligh) the truths to people.” See, that is where right and reality (haqq and haqiqa) is present. That is why good deeds is two times, and taqwa (piety) has three stages, and it comes to the position of ihsan (sincerity). The past, the current time, and the future, and taqwa (piety). There are taqwa (piety) and faith (iman) between a person’s self and his conscience. Pay attention. It is said that there are taqwa (piety) and faith (iman) between people’s souls (nafs) and their conscience. Secondly, there are taqwa (piety) and one faith (iman) between themselves and people. So, there has to be taqwa (piety) between people as well. There is also taqwa (piety) and faith (iman) between a person and his Rabb, and this is called as position of ihsan (sincerity).
Time Stamp: 10:00
That is why a Muslim should live outer (zahir) and inner (batin) piety (taqwa) properly. Taqwa (piety) is a light. Taqwa (piety) carries all attributes of the prescription that shall give you complete health and life in itself. Whoever lives taqwa (piety) receives his sustenance in the afterlife and the prescription of life in full. Taqwa (piety) should be in your zahir and bāṭin. It is the name of living Islam in full both in your inner world and your outer world. The divine rules shall be implemented into your world of soul and heart. They shall be implemented into your inner and outer world. This is zahiri and bâtini taqwa (inner and outer piety). So, the levels of taqwa (piety) have been listed here. Now, in a hadith-i sharif narrated by Bukhari, Muslim, and Al-Nasā’ī: “What is ihsan (sincerity)?” Jibril (a.s.) had asked this to our Prophet. He said the following.
The hodja recites the original text of the following quote.
“It is to worship Allah as though you see Allah. You do not see Allah, but Allah always sees you.”
Now, don’t forget that Allah sees you all the time, and looks into your heart and soul. If you live your life without forgetting that Allah sees you, what will you do? You will live in the face of your Rabb with utmost decency and respect, and it is ihsan (sincerity) to live without forgetting that Allah sees you. Then, you start worshipping by seeing Allah, and in the end this consciousness emerges.
It is to abandon haram and doubtful things, abstain from faults, being cleansed of dirt, and also abandoning some mubah things without falling into exorbitance (ifrat) and remissness (tafrit). It is to abandon the invaluable and best of the best mubah things. There are such mubah things that they ruin people’s time. They are a waste of time. This is the best of the best course of action. So, it is to be able to evaluate mubah things as well, and to be moderate when it comes to them.
But of course, sharʿī (canonical) measures require fiqh ilm (jurisprudence). Now, what are the measures of sharʿī (canonical) measures? The sharʿī (canonical) boundaries and measures have been brought forth in fiqh ilm (jurisprudence). Actually, Islam is but fiqh (jurisprudence). So, what is fiqh (jurisprudence)? It is Allah’s offer to the servant (qul). Whatever is in benefit or detriment of the servant (qul) with regards to religion in him having knowledge. See, fiqh (jurisprudence) is divine law. It is Allah’s offer to the servant (qul). The servant (qul) should have very well knowledge for his benefit or detriment. There was gazelles and other wild animals in the year of Ḥudaybiyah in a place called ten’um. So, game animals gathered around the believers, and sneaked between their haul. Some of the believers were in the state if ihram, they were forbidden. Janâb-i Haqq tested the pilgrims (hajji) in ihram with these animals, and tested the others as well. Because it was haram, and one cannot hunt in the sacred (haram) site. Besides, there is such a sacred aspect of the sacred (haram) site. Then again, in the 3rd verse of Surah al-Baqarah, “we believe in the unseen (ghaib).” The essential value is in the unseen (ghaib). Now, some people cannot see many things even though they exist.
Time Stamp: 15:00
You have a soul, can you deny your soul? Your main existence is your soul. Can you deny your intellect (aql)? Your main existence is your intellect (aql). For example, can you deny all elements of your soul and your heart, and the contents of your heart? Do you think people will think you have intellect (aql) if you deny?
That is why the unseen (ghaib) is real, the essential reality of a person is in the unseen. That is why Allah created us, created the universe, and the existence of Allah is clearer than all worlds and creatures, but we are powerless to see Allah. We recognize Allah’s existence, but we don’t have the power to see Allah, we cannot afford doing that. Actually, Allah is out in the open. That is why believing in the unseen (ghaib), afterlife (ākhira), barzakh, and what will happen in the great gathering (mahshar), these are all true and haqiqa. Faith (iman) in Allah is unseen (ghaib) from the perspective of the servant (qul). However, actually Allah is open and hidden without a beginning or end. However, the servant (qul) cannot afford seeing, rather he believes in the unseen (faith), and what the essential reality (haqiqa) is faith (iman) in the unseen (ghaib). Don’t forget this!
Then again, in the 207th and 212th verses of Surah al-Baqarah , it is said that there are such Muslims that they give their lives, wealth, and life with pleasure in order to earn the pleasure (riza) of Allah. They are willing to become martyrs. They are filled to brim with love of Allah, and think about those who don’t even move a muscle for Allah. Think about those who rebel against Allah by making no compromises from their pleasure, and obey the illegitimate desires of their souls (nafs). See, the former is a servant (qul) of Allah, and the latter is also a servant (qul) of Allah. That is why, if one submits to Allah by making good deeds, then he is a muhsin (benevolent). My dearest friends! Excel in goodness. That is a sign of love of Allah and being a muhsin (benevolent). Also, ihlas (sincerity), submission, and tawhid (monotheism) happens through eluding the desires of the soul (nafs).
You shall not worship your soul (nafs), rather your soul (nafs) shall obey Allah. Riza al-Ilahi (Pleasure of the Divine), you need to hold this above everything else. Ihsan (sincerity) emerges, and then the person is saved from the polytheism (shirk) of the soul (nafs). What is obedience to the soul (nafs)? It is to worship your soul (nafs). See, your soul (nafs) and every fibre of your being shall obey Allah, this is servitude and monotheism (tawhid). You are both obeying your soul (nafs), and rebelling against Allah? Where is your servitude to Allah? Where is your obedience? Otherwise, you would be worshipping yourself, and you would not have said, “lā ʾilāha ʾillallāh.” Your tongue says it but your life-style does the opposite. For example, let’s say a person runs away from harams not because Allah forbade them but because they are harmful to them. He does not abstain from them for Allah forbade them, but because they are harmful. He does not drink alcohol because it is harmful, not because Allah forbade it.
Time Stamp: 19:22
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