Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 30-32
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 30
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful. [1:5] “ʾiyyāka naʿbudu wa-ʾiyyāka nastaʿīn” We continue on the life-giving lessons of the life-giving glorious Quran. May Janâb-i Haqq admit us among the servants who receive the life-giving lessons. The servants who find true life. The servants who are blissful in both worlds. May Allah admit us among the servants who attain inaam (gift, reward) and ikhsan, and eternal blessings (rahmat) of Allah. There is no imtizâc or ittihâd in Islam. However, in Islam you can be overwhelmed with blessings (nimet) of Allah. Besides, Janâb-i Haqq was manifested to the worlds by means of Islam and rahmat. Islam is rahmat (blessing). Islam has encompassed mankind, and all creatures. As for the deniers, they use the capital stock in the world. Thus, in the Great Gathering (Mahshar), their hands shall be empty. They lose the eternal blessing of the Most Merciful, which is Janna (Paradise). On the other hand, Janâb-i Haqq has given the capital stock, or rather the blessing of the Most Merciful to everyone. The servants who knew this said, “ʾiyyāka naʿbudu – You [alone] do we worship”. They are the ones who has seen the blessing of the Most Merciful. Who know Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. They know that all praise belong to Allah. Those who knew this have found themselves in the blessings (nimet). They became servants of the All-Able Ruler of the worlds. That is, Allah, who is attributed with perfect (kemâl) attributes. And Allah is free from all imperfect attributes. They became servants of the peerless ruler of the Day of Judgement. The servants who knew this truth, have acknowledged Haqq, and said, “ʾiyyāka naʿbudu – You [alone] we worship”. They said that, and gave a promise. They remember this promise 40 times a day. This is why Surah al-Fatihah is recited in every rakat of every namāz. We collectively say, “To You alone we worship.” So, let us keep our promise. Let us fulfill our promise, and do what it necessitates. Otherwise, we would be deceiving ourselves. It is clear that no one can deceive Allah. So, we should not fool ourselves. We have found ourselves in the blessing of the Most Gracious. Therefore, the main capital is the blessing (rahmat) of Allah. Let us employ this main capital in the way of Islam, and belief (iman). For if we use it by earning the consent of Allah in the end Allah will gives us the eternal capital as well. That is, the blessing of the Most Gracious. That is, Janna (Paradise), jamal (beauty) of Allah, and endless favors of Allah. You should try to be grateful for this blessing of Islam and belief (iman). You should be grateful, and remember (dhikr) Allah with ihsan (excellence). You have to battle with two grand enemies that are within you and out of you, and you have to win decisively. Do not forget this! You have to clash two grand enemies that are within you and out of you, and you have to win decisively. You have to defend yourself from evil powers by fighting. You have to struggle (jihad). So, what is that enemy? You have your nafs (self) within you. And outside are the evil powers that stand against Haqq.
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These are disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), corruption (nifaq), and cruelty. You see, these are your anfusi (within self) and afaqi (in outer world) enemies. There are shaitans within yourself, and outside. And these shaitans wish to force you to join their side. They seek to make you a prisoner. And they promise you freedom in order to capture you. For there is no freedom in evil. When a person is deceived and taken away by evil it takes that person out of the boundaries of the rahmat (mercy) of Islam that encompass all realms. That place is the domain of disbelief (kufr), and polytheism (shirk). In there, people eat and drink from the blessings (rahmat) of Allah, and stay in the domain of polytheism (shirk), disbelief (kufr), and shaitans. To be with evil powers is to lose everything. They promise you freedom. They promise you human rights. These people say, “I want to live my life,”. “You should also live your life,” they say. The real, and life-giving life-style is the Islamic life-style. It is Allah who created this life-style. In this way Allah showed the servants how to develop and advance, and how to live. In other words, Janâb-i Haqq has given us this life-giving life-style and this Islamic order for the souls of the Muslims and the entire humanity, thus manifesting the values and the true life-style that advance humanity, and give-life. The lives that do not accept this and say they shall live their lives, are the ones who reside out of this rahmat (mercy). Evil powers of the satanic side offer you freedom in order to deceive you. And if you accept in the end you will become stuck in disbelief (kufr). There cannot be freedom there. Freedom is in belief (iman). Freedom comes with belief (iman) because you rely completely on Allah Ta’ala. And because you submit yourself completely to Allah wholeheartedly. And because you acknowledge the rulership and order of Allah. The guarantor of freedom is the One who gave it to you. That is, your Creator. Someone else cannot guarantee your freedom. Because they are not free. How can one who is not free give you freedom. For once, in order to be free you have to be under the command of Allah. You have to declare your independence and freedom to all creatures and that is not possible unless you acknowledge the rulership of Allah. If only humanity could understand these quite well. They would know that those who are out of belief (iman), truth (haqq), and reality (haqiqa) are like captives of what is wrong (batil). You need to educate (tarbiya) your soul and nafs (self), and earn this sabr (persistence). Sabr (persistence) is the beginning of every success. Sabr (persistence) is the start of the way of ilm (knowledge), and akhlaq. The creatures are subjected to the law of tarbiya (education). Everything is created with the law of tarbiya (education), and the enhancement of Almighty Allah. And creatures are subject to time. Time here, means to happen slowly and consecutively. A person wants nothing when he wants everything all at once. Sabr (persistence) is important even in living our lives. The power of sabr (persistence) is linked to the power of belief (iman). And power of belief (iman) is linked to understanding and comprehending the life-giving values properly.
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Quran is the life-giving knowledge (ilm) and science. For these values are wahy-i ilahi (divine revelations). Belief (iman) takes its power from this wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation). And sabr (persistence) takes its power from belief (iman). Showing sabr (persistence) against hardships, and waiting for result is like getting cured with bitter tasting medicine. Life, sometimes has its bitter tastes in terms of trial. In those trials you need to endure hardships and pain and wait patiently for a good result. This is like getting cured with bitter tasting medicine. In other words, this life-giving divine order shall cure you there. And Allah’s aid, favor, and generosity will occur next to your sabr (persistence). There are hardships you endure, which are actually favors, but you do not know. Sabr (persistence) may become much easy via favor and generosity of Allah. As for the sabr (persistence) that lack those, these are more exhausting trials. There are also sabr (persistence) without aid, which may lead to your demise (helâk). That may cause your demise (helâk) if you fail to show sabr (persistence). This is why, while showing sabr (persistence) you have to submit yourself to Allah with universal submission (teslim-i kullī) and say, “wa-ʾiyyāka nastaʿīn – We only seek aid from You,” and perform your servitude while asking for aid from Allah you will see Allah’s favor and generosity occur and the trial shall be passed with ease. You can also shield yourself from lust and desire, which will attract haram (sinful) tastes. This is like abstaining from poisonous desserts in order to save yourself from experiencing a bad result. This is important actually. Shielding yourself from sexual desires, and haram (sinful) tastes is like abstaining from poisonous desserts in order to save yourself from a bad result. This dessert may be sweet, but it is also poisonous. This goes for sexual desires, and haram (sinful) tastes. These are all poisonous. You have to protect yourself from these as well. This is why you should not be deceived by its sweet taste, for its inside is poison. This goes for every haram (sinful) thing. You should know the value of halal (lawful) things. For the number of halal (lawful) things are incalculable, while the number of haram (sinful) things are limited. Going towards the haram (sinful) things and abandoning all these halal (lawful), and permissible blessings is contradictory to your intellect, understanding, conscience, belief (iman), and the values that Quran gave you. In certain cases sabr (persistence) is not permissible. That is, in the cases you need to immediately defend. Even sacrificing your own life may be obligatory (wajib). That sabr (persistence) is a different one. This is why we have to understand this momentary situation well. In certain cases, sabr (persistence) is not permissible, but another type of sabr (persistence) is valid here. What is it? That is, immediate defense, which is another form of sabr (persistence). An immediate defensive action is necessary here. In such an even sacrificing life may be obligatory (wajib). We see here that sacrificing your life is another type of sabr (persistence). So, it means that the quality and the traits of sabr (persistence) is subject to change as environment and conditions change. The quality and the traits of sabr (persistence) change. So, this is not lack of sabr, but another type of sabr of jihad (persistence in struggle) emerges here. The meeting place of the servant and the Mabud is namāz (prayer) and mosque. This is important. The servant and the Mabud, so who is Mabud? That is, Allah Ta’ala to whom we worship. You see, the meeting place of the servant and the Mabud (God)
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The place that we gather in the peace of our Rabb (Lord) is namāz (prayer) and mosques. Coming to the presence of Allah 5 times a day means ascending to miʿraj. For Almighty Allah accepts you into the presence. That is, when you perform your namāz (prayer) in a sincere way. When you do, it is Allah who makes you ascent to miʿraj. And it is Almighty Allah who granted you that eminence. There are many favors of Allah for you. Do you think Allah will have you return empty-handed after accepting you into the presence? You are in the presence of the Almighty, who is peerless and utmost Holy. When you stand with your correct manners, and tarbiya (education) with your deep and sincere respect, obedience, and worship, by following the rules of obedience and worship, and when you stand in the presence of Allah like this, you will know that peace and countless bounties will come to you. Do not forget that favors will come at you. Do not forget that you will return with many favors. The awliya people say, “Who comes with manners, shall return with favors.” So, come to the presence of Allah with your manners, and deepest respect, and return with favors. You see, namāz (prayer) is one of these manners. Dearest friends! In the mosques, in the presence of Allah the notion of ‘we’ in ‘naʿbudu’ is there because we need to become a congregation (jama’ah) and we need to become united, and together we must become an army in the presence of Allah, that is ready to fulfill the command of Allah. The mosques are place of gathering in the presence of Allah. So, it means that, the gathering of Ummah-i Muhammad, or rather the congregation (jama’ah) in the presence of Allah means to stand at attention in Huzûr-u Ilahî (the presence of Allah), and report. What is it? It means we are ready for Your command together. And this is not as regards to the physical aspect of how we perform namāz (prayer). This is about union of the heart and soul with Quran. That is fulfilling the command of Janâb-i Haqq. as a whole, a unity, and as on fist. Namāz (prayer) is the beginning of worship, and the miʿraj of the servant. Prayer, dhikr, and shukr are ways of summoning the divine aid. Aid from Allah may be requested by means of namāz (prayer). In other words, to performs namāz (prayer) is to know how to request something from among the endless blessings of Janâb-i Haqq. That is by performing your duty as a servant and fulfilling the necessities of obedience and worship. That is, asking for help with your deepest respect, manners, and tarbiya (education). That is, the order of the soul and body. Namāz (prayer) and mosques are the organization of the ummah (nation). Do not forget this! You should keep these words as a document somewhere in your heart. Don’t you ever forget. And recite Quran often! Ve cuulet gurreti ıni fıssâlâti. What does he say? He says, “Namāz (prayer) is the twinkle in your eye.” It is Prophet Muhammad (saw) who said that in a hadith-i sharif narrated by Al-Nasa’i. That is what our Prophet, Alaihissalatu Wassalam commanded. Our Prophet said, there is a manifestation of qudrah (power) for who has sabr (persistence). I shall repeat this part so that we may not forget it. Namāz (prayer) is the beginning of all worship. Namāz (prayer), is the miʿraj, prayer, dhikr, shukr of the servant, and his summoning of divine aid. In other words, the aid of Allah reaches you by means of that namāz.
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Your namāz summons the help of Janâb-i Haqq, and defects loss. Janâb-i Haqq looks for reasons to bestow favors and bounties upon the servants, and forgive their sins. Namāz (prayer) is foremost among these. Jihad (struggle) and namāz (prayer) comes after belief (iman). And namāz (prayer) is the prescription of the soul and the body. Namāz (prayer), mosques, and congregation (jama’ah) are the organization of the ummat (nation). This is why the ummah (nation) is actually a congregation (jama’ah). Ummah (nation) is the greatest and utmost congregation (jama’ah). And the congregations (jama’ah) in the mosques are like branches of the central one, which is Baitullah. You see, the ummah (nation) consists of all these congregations (jama’ah). Their purpose and belief are the same. Their troubles are the same. And what they rejoice is also same. This is a community of ummah that all individuals have the same belief. The humanity shall win so many things when they come one and united. All people shall be saved if this happens. Why though? Because, the ummah (nation) embraces all people with mercy. The ummah (nation) presents the life-giving values, belief (iman), and the truth to people. And the ummah (nation) implements the divine social justice, this is why. Those who fear from the ummah (nation) actually do not want peace in the world. But why? For they fear Islam, and the united nation. Unity of ummah and Islam means that Allah’s rahmat (blessing) and mercy shall encompass the universe. For Muslims cannot act according to their own sweet will. They implement the divine laws. As for the divine laws, they are the utmost form of justice, mercy, and rahmat of Allah. If so, then why do they fear from the Islamic ummah (nation). There are a few reasons of their fear from the Islamic ummah (nation). That is, not knowing Islam, and the Islamic ummah (nation), or rather, this is ignorance. Another one is that they disbelief (kufr) always fears belief (iman). And the following is the third. Those who colonize the world are not sided with social justice and mercy. For Islam is a complete justice, a complete mercy. Islam does not let anyone cheat people of their rights. Islam establishes the balances. Islam fixes the inequality between the poor and the rich. A complete balance of justice is established with Islam. Those who colonize the world and exploit it do not consent this. A reason of this is polytheism (shirk). Islam is a religion of tawhid (monotheism). Islam is a unity in the Oneness of Allah. Islam is a unity of tawhid (monotheism). As for polytheism (shirk) it does not accept the Oneness of Allah. And it does not accept the rulership of Allah. It has found many rulers for itself. It acknowledged the rulership of many rulers too. This is why polytheism (shirk) does not accept Allah’s unity of tawhid (monotheism). It is disturbed by the unity of ummah (nation), and does not accept it. Tawhid and shirk are opposed to one another. A few of the reasons of fearing from the unity of ummah (nation), and unity of Islam, is polytheism (shirk) and corruption (nifaq). A hypocrite (mushrik) may seem like a Muslim when you look at him. But all kinds of evil resides within him.
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It is impossible for these to live in accord with Muslims. These concepts follow disbelief (kufr), and side with it. Yet they come near the belief (iman) of the Muslim, and pretend like it. But the side they get along well and enjoy meeting with is disbelief (kufr). The hypocrites (munafiq) keep in with disbelief (kufr), and polytheism (shirk). But they cannot get along with belief (iman) and monotheism (tawhid). You see, these are some of the reasons that they object to the unity of ummah (nation), and unity of belief (iman), and unity of Islam. We may also count much more sociological and physiological reasons. But these are the basic reasons. Dearest friends! There is a mercy here, and it embraces all people. That is, the mercy of Islam. And Islam is the mercy of Allah. More so, Islam consists entirely of social justice and rahmat of Allah. As for the divine sciences, they are supernatural sciences. This is because they are actually wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation). Allah’s aid is upon a congregation (jama’ah) who shows sabr (persistence). Muslims have to listen well and understand these matters correctly. What is it that divides and separates Muslims? What is it that keeps them away from this aid of Allah? You see, Allah’s aid is upon a congregation (jama’ah) that shows sabr (persistence). That congregation (jama’ah) must follow the truth (haqq). They have to stay away from falsehoods. They have to discover and understand the verses of the life-giving Al-Quran Al-Karim, which is wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation). And what should they do as regard to cosmological (kevni) verses? They must be a discoverer in that regard. This is why, dearest friends! Allah’s aid is upon the cosmological (kevni) that shows sabr (persistence). A congregation (jama’ah) that know and live Islam correctly, and live under the command of Allah is the congregation (jama’ah) that say, “labbayk”. You see, Allah Ta’ala is the friend (wali) of this congregation (jama’ah). Divine aid roam around them. Now, let us talk about remembering, and not forgetting Allah. Let us talk a little bit more about the word, “dhikr”. We have tried to present you valuable information regarding this matter as well. For we wish for our talks to be life-giving talks about the true values of the life-giving order. Dhikr (remembrance) is an ambiguous (vucuh) word. Ambiguous (vucuh) means that same word may have different meanings. As for synonyms (nezair), different words express the same meanings. Such as the names of the qiyamah. Qiyamah has many names but they all denote the same meaning. As for dhikr (remembrance), it is an ambiguous word, so it has more than one meaning. That is, a word having more than one meaning. Dhikr is the opposite of unwariness and forgetfulness. We shall not forget what? What should we not be unaware? We shall not be unwary of Allah and the commands of Allah. We shall not forget. You see, the basis of dhikr relies on this. To remember and do what is necessary, is what dhikr (remembrance) encumbers us with. Dhikr is also a name of Al-Quran Al-Karim. [15:9] “ʾinnā naḥnu nazzalnā dh-dhikra wa-ʾinnā lahū la-ḥāfiẓūn” We have sent down Al-Quran Al-Karim.
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[15:9] “We have sent down Quran which is a Dhikr (Reminder) and indeed We shall protect it,” says Janâb-i Haqq. You see, it was used in 14 different meanings. You see, the word “dhikr” was used in 14 different meanings. But it carries all 14 of the meanings. You may also summarize these meanings into two meanings if you study. First meaning is knowing what Allah sent down, and doing its necessities. What did Allah send down? That is, Al-Quran Al-Karim. And Allah presented us Islam via Quran. You see, as the meaning suggests here you have to know Quran, and do what it necessitates. This is the summary, or the essential meaning of the word “dhikr”. Earning ikhlas, is also dhikr. You see, to earn ikhlas and ihsan is dhikr too. So, what is ikhlas? Ikhlas is doing everything you do just for Allah. That is, to earn ihsan (excellence), and be the recipient of the favors of Allah. And to not forget that Allah sees you. Also, to worship Allah as if you see Allah. These are the meanings that the word dhikr encompasses. These are also the meanings as regards to the soul of the concept. Dhikr, or remembrance is the remedy to shield yourself from all evil. It is also the remedy for shielding your heart from evil desires, lust, disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), and corruption (nifaq). You see, this is the aspect of dhikr that can be used as a remedy for shielding oneself. Dhikr, or remembrance is the only remedy for shielding yourself from desires, lust, evil desires, disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), and corruption (nifaq). In other words, you have to know Quran and act according to its decree. Otherwise, just saying, “Subhanallah, Alhamdulillah, Allāhu ʾakbar,” and mentioning other names of Allah is called as tasbih. Dhikr, of remembrance, for once means knowing Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim. That is, keeping them in mind, and not forgetting about them. The others are called as tasbih. One should not confuse the contexture of dhikr, and tasbih. Tasbih is a part of dhikr. Or rather, it is a part supererogatory (nafile) part. On the other hand, dhikr has levels such as religious obligation (fard), obligation (wajib), custom (sunnah), and worthy-entitled (mustahaq). That is just like there are verses in Al-Quran Al-Karim that order us the religious obligations (fard). And just like there are other verses that order us what is virtuous (fazilat). Dhikr is to know Islam completely and properly, in accord with its jurisprudence (fiqh). The heart is the center of belief (iman) and disbelief (kufr). The heart is the center of belief (iman) and disbelief (kufr). Belief (iman) is dominant if there is no disbelief (kufr), and vice versa. It is also the abode of intellect, knowledge (ilm), soul, doubt, and waswas (satanic whispers). Please give ear to this part. If you fail to fill your heart with belief (iman), Islam and Quran, then it becomes the home base of disbelief (kufr). And it is still the abode of intellect, knowledge (ilm), doubt, and waswas (satanic whispers). So, what will you do then? You shall not let disbelief (kufr) near your heart. And do not let doubt get near it too. You have to reject waswas (satanic whispers). What should your intellect and knowledge (ilm) do then? The two shall make a synthesis in your soul. The waswas shall be fend off, doubt shall be rejected, and disbelief (kufr) shall never try to get near your heart again. This is why, the heart has to be the home base of belief (iman), intellect, knowledge (ilm), soul, and success (fāʾiz).
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The heart has to be a home base filed to brim with the meaning of Quran; with belief (iman), knowledge (ilm), wisdom (irfan), and the good deeds (salih amel) of the person. The heart is like a feather against wind, changes direction quickly. So, in order to render your heart peaceful and blissful, and to make it reach from talwin to taqwin dhikr, or remembrance must fully settle in your heart. The utmost decree of dhikr is iman-i kâmil (perfect belief) and to understand Al-Quran Al-Karim correctly. That is, fortifying that belief (iman) with knowledge (ilm), in the center of the heart. And your heart may be blissful by living the principles that you have believed in one by one, which shall make your heart stabilize. Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said in the 28th verse of Surah Al-Ra’d. [13:28] “ʾa-lā bi-dhikri llāhi taṭmaʾinnu l-qulūb” [13:28] “These are the faithful, whose hearts have become tranquil with the dhikr (remembrance) of Allah. Yes, know well that the hearts may find peace only by the dhikr (remembrance) of Allah.” You see, the hearts find peace by dhikr (remembrance). So, we are trying to convey the meanings of the word “dhikr”. Moreover, Janâb-i Haqq announces us a divine commandment that we shall never forget in the 43rd verse of Surah al-Nahl. [16:43] “fa-sʾalū ʾahla dh-dhikri ʾin kuntum lā taʿlamūn” Allah says, “If you do not know, ask to the people of dhikr (remembrance).” People of dhikr (remembrance) are the people of Quran who know Islam well. They are our qualified and able âlims (Islamic scholars). And our mujtahids come foremost among them. And the companions, or sahabah were before the mujtahids. And even before them comes our Prophet. Besides, our Prophet had learned all this directly from Janâb-i Haqq. If so, we have to at least united with people who at least know about Quran, sunnah (customs), ijma (consensus), qiyas (deductive analogy). We have to be united with the âlims (Islamic scholar) who know the ijtihads of our mujtahids. We should be asking what we do not know to them one by one. In Imam al-Zarkashi, Volume I, page 113 and also in the works of Al-Suyuti, Asım Efendi, Ibn Arabi, Molla Husrev, and Mu’cemu’l Tefâsir we can see instances of ‘dhikr – remembrance’. Also in Mecmuat-ut Tefâsir. Let us see what Janâb-i Haqq said in the 8th verse of Surah al-Muzzammil. [73:8] “wa-dhkuri sma rabbika wa-tabattal ʾilayhi tabtīla” So, remember (dhikr) your Rabb (Lord), and incline towards Allah with all of your heart. Remember (dhikr) the Name of your Rabb (Lord), and incline towards Allah with all of your heart. And the following is from the 45th verse of Surah al-Ankabut. “wa-la-dhikru llāhi ʾakbar – dhikr (remembrance) of Allah is indeed the greatest.” [33:35] “wa-dh-dhākirīna llāha kathīran wa-dh-dhākirāti” Also this is from the 35th verse of Surah al-Azhab, it is said that dhikr (remembrance) of Allah is the greatest. And in this verse the men and women who remember (dhikr) Allah are praised. Now, we should not forget about the beginning of the lesson when we reach the end. So, this is why you should repeatedly inscribe these life-giving lessons into your heart. Allah tells you to not forget about dhikr (remembrance). That is, knowing Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam well. That is, to live them, and not forget about them. That is, from the utmost religious obligations (fard), to obligations (wajib); from the sunnah (customs) to the mustehab (acts that are liked and preferred).
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That is, by avoiding all haram (sinful) things, and sins. Dhikr (remembrance) is obeying, and knowing the rules of obedience. Not rioting, and knowing what rioting is also a dhikr (remembrance). True knowledge (ilm) from a to z. The life-giving knowledges (ilm) of Quran are remembrances (dhikr). You see, the knowledge (ilm) and belief (iman) are the most virtuous and they come foremost. After them comes good deeds (amel-i saleh), and so on. Now, there are degrees, or rather levels. [8:45] “wa-dhkurū llāha kathīran laʿallakum tufliḥūn” Remember Allah, and remember Allah much, and it is hoped that you may reach salvation. It means that knowing Islam, and living Islam without forgetting about Islam is success, and eternal salvation. As for the levels, or degrees, these are the levels of the dhikr (remembrance). There is the first level, which is ilm-ul-yaqeen – knowledge of certainty. This is achieved by obtaining true knowledge (ilm), and sciences. Ilm-ul-yaqeen is to obtain the essential knowledge along with their evidence. You see, this is the first level of dhikr (remembrance). The second level is ayn-ul-yaqeen – vision of certainty. You see, ilm-ul-yaqeen opens up the eye of your heart. That light shall shine in your heart, and then you start seeing with it. A splendor of foresight manifests itself. As for haqq-ul-yaqeen – knowledge gained by experience, in this level the facts closely manifest themselves to you. Now, let us narrate them by means of examples. Now, if you see the sea from afar, that would be ilm-ul-yaqeen – knowledge of certainty. And if you get aboard a ship and set sail, that would be ayn-ul-yaqeen – vision of certainty. And you setting sail and starting crossing the sea would be an example of the haqq-ul-yaqeen – knowledge gained by experience. There have also been people who used levels such as Fana Fillah and Baqa Billah. Fana Fillah is to elude all evil and to be attributed with only good sifāts (attributes). And you attain the level of Baqa Billah when you are attributed with good sifāts (attributes) and when you equip yourself with the life-giving holy values of Islam and when have the honor of earning the eternal favors of Allah. A person is cleansed from all evil when they follow the commands of Almighty Allah, which are all in Islam. And that way you are equipped with good skills and traits. You see, this is the meaning that our mutasavvıfs (people of tasawwuf) of ahlus sunnah have legitimately given to Fana Fillah and Baqa Billah. Otherwise, being a united entity together with Allah, ittihâd and imtizâc, these are polytheism (shirk). As for incarnation (hulul) and tanasuh are polytheism (shirk). Wahdat al-wujūd (unity of existence), is integrating all things and universe with Allah. That is, accepting all of them as one, which is attributing divinity to earth and all things, which is polytheism (shirk). This is why we have to have the understanding of ahlus sunnah wa’l-jama’ah, itiqad (faith), and belief (iman) in the beginning. You see, Ilm al-Kalam have done their best works for this, as an echole (school). And our kalam âlims (theologians) have worked in the best possible manner in all branches, and they worked to protect the Islamic belief (iman), which is Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah; and they worked to equip it with the truths, and cleanse it from fallacies and polytheism (shirk).
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May Allah bestow rahmat (mercy) upon all âlims who have contributed and supported science in all branches of Islamic sciences until they say they had enough. But of course, there is Al-Imam Al-Azam (rahmatullahi alayh wa maghfirahtuhu). There are also grand individuals such Imam al-Malik, Imam al-Shafi’i, and Imam al-Hanbali (rahmatullahi alayhim ajmain wa maghfirahtuhu). These people come first and foremost of course. These are our mujtahid âlims. May Allah’s rahmat and mercy may never be less upon them. My dearest friend! Here is the summary. You should learn and live Islam. Sharīʿah (law), tariqa (school), divine muhabbat (love), m’arifat, and haqiqa are all Islam. These are the contents of Islam. This is like levels such as elementary schools, middle schools, high schools, and universities and faculties. These levels are attainable by the servants as they work. These levels that are within the contexture of Islam can be attained by the servant, and even the top level is attainable. You see, the beginning of this is to learn and live Islam and to achieve the sharīʿah (law). And tariqah (school) is already within the contexture of sharīʿah (law). You can also count divine muhabbat (love) in that contexture. M’arifat (spiritual knowledge), and haqiqa (reality) is also here. Islam is the name of all these. My dearest friends! To remember and mention Allah is the greatest act of worship. And that starts with Quran and namāz (prayer). You see, namāz (prayer) is such an ibadat (act of worship) that it is both a miʿraj, and it meets you with Quran 5 times a day. As you know, you can’t perform namāz (prayer) without reciting Quran. According to a hadith-i sharif our Prophet had said that there cannot be a namāz (prayer) without Surah al-Fatihah. Some mujtahids accepted this as a religious obligation (fard), the Hanafites accepted it as an obligation (wajib). Besides, obligation – wajib is not a valid concept in other madhabs (schools). So, if you paid attention here, why do we recite short verses after Surah al-Fatihah. That is done in order to understand Quran and its contents, and to not forget. This is done in order to establish true dhikr (remembrance). You should try to understand Al-Quran Al-Karim from a to z. Encompass your nafs (self) with the meanings within Quran. Do not worship your nafs (self), but make your nafs (self) a servant that worships Allah. May your nafs (self) worship Allah. Otherwise, when your nafs (self) and Iblīs cooperates, they will ruin you. News of similar nature and truths are announced to us in the 45th verse of Surah al-Ankabut, and in the 45th verse of Surah al-Anfal. “If you love Allah, then follow me.” This is what Janâb-i Haqq says to Prophet Muhammad in Al-Quran Al-Karim. You see, the 31st verse of Surah āl-i ʿImrān the 104th verse of the same surah and the 110th verse also are signs that point this out. Allah tells Muhammad to say, “If you love Allah, then follow me,”. This is important though. Who shall people follow? People shall follow Prophet Muhammad, and Allah says this. You should follow Prophet Muhammad. Muhammad implemented the sharīʿah (law), and he announced Islam. He was a living example of the Islamic life-style, thus he taught them as a living example.
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He had established a complete Islamic state. And he implemented the laws and rules of Allah. That is why Janâb-i Haqq told Muhammad to tell people that whosoever loves Allah should follow him. Allah told Prophet Muhammad to say: “If you say you love Allah, then follow me,” to the people. In other words, Janâb-i Haqq clearly says that everyone should follow Prophet Muhammad. This should not be forgotten. It is Prophet Muhammad who announced Islam to people. And he implemented Islam. We shall understand Islam the way Prophet Muhammad understood it. And we shall believe with the same way he believed. We shall fulfill the advice he gave to the utmost. We shall implement the Islamic sharīʿah (law) that he introduced, to the Last Day (Qiyamah). [3:104] “May there be a community among you who calls to what is good, orders goodness, and forbids what is wrong. They shall be the ones who reach salvation.” This is what Janâb-i Haqq said in this verse of the Quran. [3:110] “You are the best ummah (nation) you bid goodness with belief (iman) and forbid what is wrong.” Do you see the traits of the best ummah (nation)? Their trait is to bid goodness, and to believe with real belief (iman) and to forbid evil, and what is wrong. This is the primary duty of Ummah-i Muhammad. Allah says, “The best of you,”. Allah says that the best ummah is you, if you do these. Our forefathers used to do these, and we have to live by doing these as well. You see the message Janâb-i Haqq gives to mankind with Quran and the other divine Books. [5:32] “man qatala nafsan bi-ghayri nafsin ʾaw fasādin fī l-ʾarḍi fa-ka-ʾannamā qatala n-nāsa jamīʿan” Allah says that when a person unjustly kills a nafs (self), a living when that soul had no crimes in the world in such an event, when that person kills a living, a soul, he is like he has killed the entire mankind. And that when a person saves a life, a soul, in that case it is as if he has saved the entire mankind. You see, this is Islam. Islam does not allow anyone to murder a soul unjustly. That is certain. And Islam implements the justice as well. But not with the man-made laws that servants fabricated, but with the laws that Allah established. Justice is implemented according to these laws. You see, they say the finger cut by the sharīʿah (law) does not hurt. The sharīʿah (law) mentioned here is the laws, divine justice, and manifestation of Allah. This is why, my dearest friends! We have to submit to our Rabb (Lord) wholeheartedly. We have to beg to Allah. And we have to pray no matter regardless of the situation we are in. Allahümmekfeniha bimâ şitte. This is one of the prayers of our prophet. It is narrated that our Prophet used to pray like this for certain people who would constantly inflict cruelty upon people and these people could not learn anything from the truth and reality. For there are people whose hearts have been sealed. They stay out of the boundaries of guidance. They insist on cruelty. There are such people.
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I wish there were not, but it is them who choose that path. Then their disbelief (kufr) was set as a seal on their hearts. Now, let us see what our Prophet meant in his prayer. “O, Rabb (Lord)!” he said. To this person… It is up to you! Our Prophet said, “They are against me, and You are enough to free me from their evil howsoever You will.” This is one of the prayers of our Prophet. It is narrated that when he recited this prayer that person who was a fierce enemy of our Prophet was surely visited by a trouble from Allah. According to the narrations he was struck by a lightning. And there are also others, who were perished (halak) in different ways. For dua – prayer is always a shield and a sword of the believer (mu’min). Dua – prayer is wishing to be under the protection of Allah. It means asking for aid, help, and salvation from Allah. That is, to submit your desires and wishes to Janâb-i Haqq by staying in the bounds of utmost respect and legitimacy. وَيُسَبِّحُ الرَّعْدُ بِحَمْدِهِ وَالْمَلاَئِكَةُ مِنْ خِيفَتِهِ وَيُرْسِلُ الصَّوَاعِقَ فَيُصِيبُ بِهَا مَن يَشَاء وَهُمْ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي اللّهِ وَهُوَ شَدِيدُ الْمِحَالِ ﴿١٣﴾ In the 13th verse of Surah al-Ra’d. This is one of the prayers that should be recited when thunder rumbles, and tears the skies, and when lightnings strike earth. This is both a verse and a prayer. A part of it is taken from the verse, while other parts are considered as prayer. And the following one is the prayer of Ibrahim (Abraham) Alaihissalam: “Feceal efidedeten minennâsî tehvi ileyhim verzukhüm minessemarâti leallehüm yeşkürün.” In this prayer he wished for all people to turn their hearts towards Kaaba. And he wanted for all blessings (nimet) in the world to also be present in Kaaba Sharif, and Haram al-Sharif. This is a prayer for he wanted those who resided there to also benefit from these blessings (nimet). And Allah accepted his prayer. The blessings (nimet) of Janâb-i Haqq in the entire world are also present in Mecca, Haram al-Sharif, Kaaba Sharif, and Madinah. But of course, this is the most benevolent center of the world. This is the center of the world, and the most benevolent city in the world. And the holy place in the city, which is Baytullah. Also, the Rawdah of Prophet Muhammad in Madinah. Thus, all rahmat (blessing), and abundance descend down upon these places. And then, they scatter to the worlds from Baytullah, and the Rawdah of our Prophet. For as you know for certain via verses in Quran that our Prophet is the Nabiyy-i Rahmat (Prophet of Mercy). Now, let us talk about the former sharīʿahs. Exclusive divine decrees are called as sharīʿah. You may see this clearer if you see the 48th verse of Surah al-Maidah. Minhaj – way, path – is the religion of Islam, Islamic sharīʿah, and Islamic path. Islam has incorporated the sharīʿahs of the past into its structure. And Islam has removed the decrees of the necessary ones. Also renewed all of the ones that needed to be renewed. Al-Quran Al-Karim is a remedy altogether. You see, the life-giving book is Al-Quran Al-Karim. All verses are a cure, a rahmat (blessing), and a hidayat (guidance). It prepares you to the unending life. That is, with favor, permission, and generosity of Allah. Let me give you some notes regarding the verses that announce that Al-Quran Al-Karim is a cure.
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The following is from the 14th verse of Surah at-Tawbah. [9:14] “wa-yashfi ṣudūra qawmin muʾminīn” What does Allah say here? Allah says that Al-Quran Al-Karim heals the hearts (ṣudūr) of the faithful folk. And the following verse is the 57th verse of Surah Yunus (Jonah). [10:57] “yā-ʾayyuhā n-nāsu qad jāʾatkum mawʿiẓatun min rabbikum wa-shifāʾun li-mā fī ṣ-ṣudūri wa-hudan wa-raḥmatun li-l-muʾminīn”v Allah says here, “O, people!” You see, Allah addresses all people here. “An advice, a waaz of Allah came to you.” O, people! An advice came from Allah. This is the advice that came from your Rabb (Lord). This advice is Quran itself. “Wa-shifāʾun,” a cure has come. But for whom? “Fī ṣ-ṣudūri,” a cure has come to heal all hearts. In other words, Quran is a medicine for all chests. “Wa-hudan,” and it is a guidance. “Wa-raḥmatun,” and it is a rahmat (mercy); but upon whom? At first Allah addressed all people, but “li-l-muʾminīn – for believers,”. For the disbelievers did not accept this cure. They did not accept this rahmat (mercy). They did not listen to the advice, the admonition, and the commands of Allah which are Basheer and Nazeer. Thus, they became devoid of guidance (hidayat), mercy (rahmat), and the cure. They also become destitute of spiritual abundance of the life-giving divine values, the divine advice, and waaz. But the believers (mu’mins) earned them. You see, this Book is a cure, guidance, and mercy in the hearts for believers (mu’mins). This is a complete advice, waaz, and admotion from Allah, from your Rabb (Lord). This is not an admotion from a servant. This Quran, is an advice from Allah. Also, in the 69th verse of Surah al-Nahl, Janâb-i Haqq says: [16:69] “yakhruju min buṭūnihā sharābun mukhtalifun ʾalwānuhū fīhi shifāʾun li-n-nāsi” Janâb-i Haqq says, “yakhruju min buṭūnihā – comes out from its belly,”. So, what comes from its belly? That is, “sharābun – wine,”. “Fīhi – in it,” there is a “shifāʾun – cure,” for “li-n-nāsi – people,”. While this verse of Al-Quran Al-Karim announces us about the cure it also clearly states that the honey that comes out from the belly of a honeybee is a cure. So, it means that Quran is a cure from a to z. And also, among the blessings (nimet) of Allah Ta’ala, honey is also a cure. [26:80] “wa-ʾidhā mariḍtu fa-huwa yashfīn” What does Janâb-i Haqq say here in the 80th verse of Surah Ash-Shu’ara and also in the 44th verse of Surah Fussilat? Say, “It is Allah who gives me cure when I get sick,”. Allah also says, “qul huwa li-lladhīna ʾāmanū,” in the 44th verse of Surah Fussilat. “Say, ‘For those who have faith (iman),’ it is a ‘hudan – guidance’ and ‘shifāʾun – cure,’.” In other words, Allah says in this verse that Al-Quran Al-Karim is both guidance, and cure for the believers (mu’mins). Janâb-i Haqq told Muhammad to tell this to people. O, friends! As you see, we continue to announce and present Al-Quran Al-Karim to you though we are powerless.
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We have to continue on our collective endeavor in finding life with our life-giving lessons. So, endless thanks and praises to Allah, who placed us in this endeavor. In a moment I will give the prayer of Yūsuf (Joseph) Alaihissalam. It is reported that he had taken an abdast and recite this prayer before he entered the presence of Мelik. “Allahümme innieselüke bihayrike minhayrihi ve euzubiızzetike ve gudretike minşerrihi veminşerri gayrihi.” So, what did Yūsuf (Joseph) Alaihissalam say? This is what he said while going to the maqam of the Egyptian ruler, Melik. “My Allah!” he said. “I only wish from You.” “I wish good from him, by your goodness,” he said. This is important. We see here the importance of asking goodness from someone by Allah’s goodness. Whomever you may seek goodness from, ask it by Allah’s goodness. And he said, “ve euzubiızzetike – I take shelter in Your Izzat,”. And he said, “ve gudretike – I take shelter in Your Might,”. From what? He said, “minşerrihi – from his evil,”. He said, “veminşerri gayrihi – I take shelter in You from his evil, and the evil of others,”. It is reported that this was the prayer of Yūsuf (Joseph) Alaihissalam. “Entüm şühedaullâhi filardi,” means the true ummah (nation) is also the witness of Allah on earth. You see, Ummah-i Muhammad is the witness on earth. Just like the Owner. Who is the Owner? Our Owner is Almighty Allah, for Allah is our Rabb (Lord). And Allah is the witness of all worlds. Allah is both the Creator, and the witness. We can see these narrations in the Hadith Collections of al-Bukhari and al-Muslim. Dearest friends! The heavens and earth are filled to brim with wonders. There are such people that their spiritual structures are distorted. They do not like it and get mad when you mention Allah. And some people will not like it when you say that Allah is One. But they get happy when someone other than Allah is mentioned, but why? This is because their nafs (self) and shaitans like it. If a nafs (self) has not reached full satisfaction by means of belief (iman) he will not like it, but rather get mad when Allah is mentioned. You may see this when you look into the 45th verse of Surah al-Zumar. They rejoice when someone other than Allah is mentioned. As for who do not know Allah correctly, thinking they believe in Allah by ascribing partners to Allah. What these people enjoy is polytheism (shirk). What a musrik likes is polytheism (shirk). On the other hand, the belief (iman) of a Muslim is a monotheistic faith (tawhid iman). Allah is One in Person, in Attributes, and in Actions. So, my dearest friends! In the 60th verse of Surah al-Nisa, and the following verses of it the attitude of the hypocrites (munafiq) are designated. In Al-Quran Al-Karim, many verses mention the hypocrites (munafiq). For the evil-doings and harm of the hypocrites (munafiq) are worse than those of disbelievers (kāfirs). And what is more, they are an internal threat to the Islamic ummah (nation) with their fitnah (strife) and fasād (mischief). This is because they act like Muslims. They have Neroism in them.
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These people have Neroism in them, there are sadist people among them. They seem like men, but they are even worse than monsters. You may ask about Neron. He burned Rome thinking he was losing his sultanate, and played instruments while the city was on fire. The sadists are also similar, they take pleasure in cruelty. There are sadistic spirits, evil spirits. And against all merciless people there is an undefeated power and mercy, which is the mercy of Islam. Now, as you know “accredit” is a French word. As a verb it is used as to give credit, which means to trust. Everything as regards to the religion of Islam is almighty and divine. All that is virtuous are within Islam. If there is an accreditation, trust, or respect, know that this is among the traits of Muslims. The reason that I am using that word is that there are countless people who do not know their own language who wish to imitate foreigners. This is why we included such words in our lesson. Noe, let me give an example about nature. Just have a look at the heavens and earth there is about three hundred thousand tons of water in an average nimbus cloud. You see, the heavens are also an ocean. Just like there are oceans on earth. When Janâb-i Mevlâ created the worlds Allah created everything from water. And it is conveyed to us via substantial narrations that the ninth heaven (arş-ı âlâ) is over the water. Now, let me give you some information based on certain narrations, regarding the spiritual structures of people in the End Times, or rather the time when Day of Judgement (Qiyamah) is too close. We believe that this will be helpful reminder. First of all, towards the Last Day, moral and spiritual structure of people will be distorted. And gossip will become common. Now, rather than gossips made with neighbors or family focus on the mainstream media in the world. In this mainstream media, are they broadcasting for the better good of humanity? Or do they work for their own good. Islam is a religion that works for the better good of all people. This is why the remedy of the world, and the recovery of the hearts and souls are not psychological or sociological matters. This is about presenting the true, real and life-giving values to the souls of people. This way people may find life, change their ways, and be blissful. So, it means that towards the Last Day, gossip will become common. And people will have a hard time liking one another. Everyone is looking for love, but there is none. Why is that? This is because the source of love is the life-giving values. This source is in love of Allah. This love reflects to all creatures from there. Now, let us say that you want to have peace in your family. For once, you need be filled to the brim with love of Allah, Quran, and Islam. You need to tend to your family with love. And they shall tend to you with love. Then, love will reflect all around as if it was reflected through a series of mirrors placed properly.
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Make-believe love is not love. And it does not come when you simply want it. You have to obtain the source of love itself. The source of love is the life-giving divine values. You may find love in Allah, and the Quran and Allah’s Beloved Prophet Muhammad. And you may find this in Islam itself. So, get to know Islam well. Do not think that you will find cure by visiting actors. The doctors that you visit and complain about your troubles are also sick. Except the ones who are equipped with these values. The doctors are sick, so why go to them? Where you are going is much stormier; you may or may not know this. The things that are built shall be reduced to ruins, and what is reduced to ruins shall be built. Now, what are the things that are being built? There is a mindset that endeavors to destroy the true (haqq) values of Islam. They are the enemies of the past. They accept whatever is in the past, including all divine values, outdated. There is a mindset that tries to destroy all values. So, this mindset wish to destroy what is built. And they build the things that have perished. So, they do something illogical. Perjury and divorce will become major problems. There is no peace in today’s families, and what do you think is the reason? Divorce is a major problem, and countless people are committing perjury. The reason is the distorted morals. You can give people some money, and make them talk the way you want. This is not a human trait. Can one think of such a humanity? Even monsters should not be doing what they do. They do not do that; they only do what they do as monsters. They are also appointed in their own ecosystems. They act according to their innate nature (fitrah). They do not commit perjury. Even the monsters do not commit perjury. Another sign is that people will obey their wives and become rebellious to their mothers. If only he loved his mother, as a mother, for Allah. And if only he loved his wife as a wife. Would it not be okay, had he done his duty against both of them? What do they do now? Some of them do not want the mother. Then the husband follows the will of the wife. Had they understood the divine love, and divine justice, and the value of people to one another, of Islam, they would not have done that. A woman casts herself away when she casts away the mother. The bride is actually casting away herself. If the mother casts away her bride, then she is also casting away herself, but why? For once, both of them are people, and valuable individuals. They have to know the value of one another, according to divine measures. Such a time shall befall on humanity in which you may not find one soul who did not gain anything via interest. Interest is a nuisance upon the humanity. It makes rich people richer, and poor people poorer. The world is a system of interest at this time. The world is in this sludge. Knowledge (ilm) will diminish, ignorance, anarchy, and murders will go up. But which knowledge (ilm) are we talking about here? The heart and the soul lacks knowledge (ilm). We are talking about the science (ilm) of morality and justice. We are talking about the life-giving knowledge that makes us human. We are talking about the knowledge (ilm) of Quran. In a country whose population is 99% Muslim, the sciences (ilm) of Al-Quran Al-Karim are being restricted by means of this or that excuse. This homeland, and this nation would be stepping towards prosperous tomorrows had all Muslims from a to z equipped themselves with the knowledge (ilm) of Quran.
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Blissful days could have begun. Some people are cutting the tree they stand on. They demolish the house they live in, and they are not even aware. You try to draw Al-Quran Al-Karim away from souls and hearts but what will you do after you prompt people to a savage environment, without belief, iman, and Islam? You will not be able to find a place to take shelter in. If you monsterize people they will tear you apart first. Who siphoned off the banks, is it the shepherds? Or is it the kids who sell bagels in the streets? The banks were robbed by people whom you influenced, and divested of religion and belief (iman). This is what happens when you take belief (iman), conscience, and mercy from the hearts of people. They exploit the rights of the poor orphans without mercy. They siphon off banks. These people may even commit high treason, and sell their honor. We have no word against the conscientious and faithful patriots. But we see what people do at this time. We see what is happening, and that is exactly what we are speaking about. You would be incurring Allah’s wrath if you withhold Quran from this nation. You would be doing harm to yourself, your nation, and humanity. You would be monsterizing people. That is why we need true knowledge (ilm), and real justice. Another sign is that people will never do a job artlessly. These signs will occur when we come near the Last Day (Qiyamah). Just take a look around. People are considering what they have stolen so far as profit. Such a human model is a cursed model. Islam is the religion of the trustworthy, and the faithful. There is no amnesty for rightful dues. You cannot cheat people or exploit them in Islam. The rich will only go to Hajj for trade, and hafizes will go there for hypocrisy and vanity. There are exceptions of course, but all these dangers are clearly seen at this time. And what will happen tomorrow is unknown. A new progress, advancement, mercy, and social justice will occur in the world if Islam becomes predominant again. Another sign is that the elders will become merciless, and the young will become disrespectful. Look at the world today, you will see many elders who do not show mercy to their young. And the young ones had no respect in them, you may also see this. And again, there are exceptions, and we are not talking about them. It is important to give tarbiya (education) to the younglings. This statement does not include the exceptions but there are such children that they are harder to educate than dogs. We can also see such types of people who are in this situation. Another sign is that Muslims will become rather powerless than sheep. People will consider them low and vile. You may see this if you have a look into what is happening to a nation whose population is 99% Muslim. If only the Muslims did not fall into a situation in which they are more powerless than a sheep. Have a look into the freedom of belief and conscience of Muslims. They cannot have this right even though this is clearly stated in the constitutions. But why? Why did they become powerless like a sheep. Why did this happen? There are a lot of reasons to that. Let us think about the situation that we are in. Another sign is that states will promote alcohol. And alcohol will be consumed under different tags and names. People consider non-alcoholic people guilty, not the alcoholic ones. Allah has made alcohol haram (sinful). Intoxicating substances, whatever they may be, are haram (sinful).
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This is because they make you lose your mind. And nothing is left when you lose your mind. And it would be pointless to explain this in any other way. Another sign is that blood kinship will become pointless to people. And people will only greet or salute people they know. There is no consanguinity anymore, except some. Ṣilat al-raḥim (womb-ties) concept in Islam is an essential command and duty in Islam. The rich will be held in high regard. Stinginess will become common. Zakat (alms-giving) will be considered as a heavy debt. People hold the rich in high regard, and give credit to them if they have high positions. This is the bankruptcy of the humanity. There is no humanity left in people. Are the poor not people? Is it a must to have high position or authority? Each and every person is venerable. Every person is valuable due to the sole reason that they are human. That is why, for once, you have to see people as humans first. Humans are the most honorable of all creatures. But they ruin themselves when they reject this honor, and almighty values themselves. Islam values mankind only because they are people. Islam accepts that the disbelief (kufr) of a person belongs only to him. And Islam has already taken precautions for loss. Islam implements the predefined rules in order to prevent loss. Education will only be for non-religious matters. Religious education will become unnecessary, which is the situation at this time. You will see that people who are known to be religious will not be accepted into certain companies and public institutions. These are the signs that will occur towards the Last Day (Qiyamah). And the occurrences of these things are nothing but murder against Islam, Allah, the Prophet, and all divine and life-giving values. This is why we say that the life-giving values that makes us human are divine. You cannot withhold these values from people. You cannot oppress them and leave them devoid of these values. You cannot drive people off the public institutions just because they are religious. You see, it is this mindset that brings out anarchy and terror. Because they marginalize people. The do not accept a faithful, religious, and pious people into their institutes. *incomplete*
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 31
Do you know what kind of a mood those people have after they are driven out of public institutions. They drive people off public instutitions just because they are known to be religious. Yet they do not know that a faithful person sees all people from a window of rahmat, mercy, love and justice. He sees people with a perspective of utter justice. Another sign says something about predators. Various clothing will be made out of the hides of predators by tanning. That is, of course, when the mental state of those who do this change. This is said for the mindsets that have no understanding of afterlife (aqhira) in them who have completely turned towards the worldly endeavors. Otherwise, everyone may benefit from the blessings (nimet) in the world, this is another matter. Men will start resembling women, and vice versa. Allah created women with their unique innate nature (fitrah). The women are perfect beings with their womanhood. And men are perfect with their manhood. Women are not men, and men are not women. They are not, and they should not be like one another. Unless there is a major reason for it not liking the innate nature (fitrah) given by Allah, and to try to change it is unacceptable by all means, and it is siad that this will happen near the Last Day (Qiyamah). We see that people are inclined, or directed to wrong changes. They should not choose what is wrong. Women are perfect as they are, they should know that. And the same goes for men too. They are perfect, and they should know that. Another sign says that the men of the ummah (nation) will get fatter towards the Last Day (Qiyamah). In other words, obesity is not glorified in Islam. Islam is vasatî (average – in the middle). The general state of body that Islam accepts is neither fat nor skinny, with exceptions. It should be average, this is what is acceptable (maqbul). People will shop, and repay with interest. And they will refer to bribery as present. When time Last Day (Qiyamah) draws near, people will shop and repay with interest, and they will refer to bribery as present. And usury will escalate.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 32
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful. Alhamdulillahi rabbil ‘alamin wassalatu wassalamu ‘ala-rasulina muhammadin wa ālihi wasah bihi ajmain. Our Prophet narrates us the spiritual state of people who are close the Last Day (Qiyamah). So, in this lesson we will mention narrations from our Prophet (asw). This is the 32nd lesson of our exegesis series. The sources of these narrations are the following works and people. There is Riyazus Salihin of Al-Nawawi. And there is the book Marifetname of Erzulumlu Ibrahim Hakkı. There is also Tezkireti’l Kurtubî of İmâm-ı Şa’rânî. And we have taken reports of narrations from the hadith collection named Ramuz el-Ehadis. Let us convey the other signs that shall occur when we are close to Last Day (Qiyamah). The capital will belong only to certain people, and it will only change hands among them. People with little means will have to deal with hunger and financial trouble. And this is the situation in the world at this time. The world seems to be unbalanced, and far from justice. Our Prophet said that these signs will occur close Qiyamah. Another sign is that people will be able to easily give up their religion in return of tiny amounts of worldly things. And this way many people will drift apart from their religion. May Janâb-i Haqq not allow us to fall into such situations. And may Allah save those who have fallen into that situation. Fasiq (impious) people will take control, and inarticulate people will address the public. To address the public means to express the truth and reality. And fasiq (impious) people cannot do that. The graves will be adorned, and Al-Quran Al-Karim will become a commodity that brings profit. Take a look, and see which of these are present at this time. Moreover, fitnah (conflict – strife) will be a problem in every house. Inexperienced people will take control. Only the image of Al-Quran Al-Karim, name of Islam, and the body of Muslims shall remain. People will only see the semblances. They will not consider knowledge (ilm), and wisdom (irfan). The truth, and justice will not be looked out for, and people will be content with the semblance. That is, when Qiyamah is close. Three things will become invaluable. One of them is halal (lawful) money. The second is sunnah (customs) that are abided by. And the third one is a heart-to-heart friend. The concepts of sunnah (customs), friendship, and halal (lawful) will be lost. And if not lost, they will be tremendously valuable, and scarce. You will have a hard time finding them. The subsequent generations will curse at the former generations. In this time and setting we live in we can clearly see these signs. There are so many things that contradict their history. And we feel shame even in giving voice to these matters. Troubles, disasters, and calamities will escalate. There will be no peace or tranquility. And no one will prevent this from happening. Things become hard when the wicked take the lead. People will not preserve their religion as much as they protect their clothing. And the poor folk will not perform namāz (prayer). Times will become shorter and a year will feel like a month. A month will pass like a week, and a week will pass like a day. As for a day, it will pass as quick as the burning up of a leaf. And there will be no barakat (plentifulness) left in anything. There will be more minarets, and mosques will be adorned. just like churches and synagogues. And loud noises will rise from within them. And you will not be able to see a truly sincere worship. The traitors will be considered trustworthy, and vice versa. And the number of trustworthy people will be so scarce that you will be able to count them. The faith of the congregation (jama’ah) will be weak, and their worship will be nothing but imitation. There will be many hafizes, but there will not be an âlim among them. There will be improper man-to-man and woman-to-woman relationships. Singer and musician women will be common everywhere. Women will take the lead. People will pay no regard to what is right of wrong. Adultery and fornication will be common. Today, as you know, there are new laws that have stopped fornication from being a crime. There will be more means that will make it easier to commit sin (haram). The young people will be more inclined to commit sins and wrongdoings. Holding your belief (iman) in your heart will be as hard as holding a glowing coal. People will go to sleep as a believer (mu’min), and wake up as disbelievers (kāfirs) and vice versa. People will lose themselves in worldly endeavors and forget about the afterlife (ākhira). Ruling with the Book of Allah will be considered shameful. Tall and flamboyant building will be built. And due to them streets will become narrower. The buildings are not to blame here, but those who forget Allah are to blame. They will make the Qiyamah draw closer. They will be laying the foundations of Qiyamah. Everyone will complain about not earning much and about failing to make a living. People will give things to tyrants for they fear them. The number of people who seem like friendly but actually hostile will increase. Their words will be nothing but lies, and contradictory. The number of officers or chiefs who do truly do their work will diminish. Good things, and rains will be scarce. The number of earthquakes and tsunami will increase. There will be disaster somewhere every day. Âlims will teach their knowledge (ilm) in return of money. They will expect worldly goods in return of a religious deed. Allah Ta’ala (c.c.) will be openly denied by people. Generosity, dignity, ikram, and kindness will disappear. And rights will be sold in return of money. People will wear different outfits in the morning, and in the evening. And there will be lots of food to eat. And our houses will be adorned with carpets just like the cloth that covers Kaaba. And much more hadiths were listed by The End Time Prophet, Prophet Muhammad (saw). It is as if he said these today. He had made a perfect description of the time we live in. He is the universal light that enlightens the path we go. It would be going beyond the limits to add anything to what our Prophet (asw) said. May our Rabb (Lord) save and protect us from falling into such a situation. Let us conclude our lesson with the words of a poet. Times become heavier, and dates are done. And the imam won’t wait even the mihrāb. Muezzin and jama’ah have eaten what is haram. Left no pure honor, to make addition. Left no pure honor, to make addition. Insha ’Allah, Janâb-i Haqq may increase the number of the good people and save those who eat from what is haram (sinful). We supplicate to Janâb-i Mevlâ for what we said. And we have taken the advice of our Prophet into your lesson as notes, so that you may get them.
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