Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 33-34
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 33
In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful. [43:36] “wa-man yaʿshu ʿan dhikri r-raḥmāni nuqayyiḍ lahū shayṭānan fa-huwa lahū qarīn” Whoever ignores the glorious Quran, and turns a blind eye to it or disregards it, or turns a deaf ear to Al-Quran Al-Karim and and becomes devoid of the dhikr (remembrance) of Rahman (the Most Gracious), we will appoint him a shaitan. “And from then on, that shaitan is his close friend,” says Janâb-i Haqq. In this world, there is always a loss that reflects to the culprit in return of his crime. You see, this is the return of being unwary of Al-Quran Al-Karim. Janâb-i Haqq announces here that a shaitan will be assigned to the person in that event. [19:83] “ʾa-lam tara ʾannā ʾarsalnā sh-shayāṭīna ʿalā l-kāfirīna taʾuzzuhum ʾazza” [19:83] “We have sent upon them shaitans that promote rebellion. [19:84] “And we are counting down their days,” says Allah. Dearest friends It means that a person becomes friends with shaitan when he drifts apart from Rahman (the most Gracious). A person becomes close with shaitan when he stays away from Quran. One should not stay away from Al-Quran Al-Karim. Al-Quran Al-Karim is a life-giving book. It is the book of life, and truth. Because when one does, there is a danger that the spiritual world of the person may be upside down. For if person cannot get the better of his shaitan is surely face-to-face with danger of being under the influence of his shaitan. And the remedy of this is being busy with Al-Quran Al-Karim. And also, trying to make your heart blissful with Quran. Because, when you equip yourself with the knowledge, light, and abundance in Al-Quran Al-Karim you will banish the shaitans. The light of Quran, and the monotheistic (tawhid) light within the heart will surely ward of shaitans, or even burn them. And if this light, the light of Al-Quran Al-Karim, and the knowledge (ilm) within it disappears from then on unreal things will also enter your heart. And through that door, by which unreal things enter your heart, the shaitans will start entering too, which would be a pity. This is why Janâb-i Haqq said: [24:31] “wa-l-yaḍribna bi-khumurihinna ʿalā juyūbihinna” You see, Janâb-i Haqq said, وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ. [24:31] “They may cover their bosom with their headscarves,” said Allah. This is a verse about tasattur. This is the 31st verse of Surah al-Nur. You should also read the 60th verse of the same surah. And also, read the 35th and 59th verses of Surah al-Azhab and the 26th, 31st, and 32th verses of Surah al-A’raf. You should also read the 5th and 81st verses of Suraha al-Nahl. And when you do, you will see that tasattur is a divine order. You will also see that this was fully implemented in the time of our Prophet. And this has been in effect for fourteen centuries to this day. When you read these verses you will see that wearing headscarf is truly a commandment of Islam in Quran, sunnah, ijma, and ummah.
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Let us talk about a hadith-i sharif reported by Abu Dawood. I see this hadith in one of our sources which was also reported on the authorty of Abu Dawood. According to the hadith, Prophet Muhammad (asw) said the following to his sister-in-law, Esma: “O, Esma! When you reach puberty (إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا) your face, hands and feet are exceptions, only these can be seen. But you should cover the other parts of your body.” There are essential or mandatory situations like witnessing in court or weddings. In such cases only the essential parts of the body may be seen. In all other cases, Islam orders women to cover themselves with tasattur. This matter became the talk of the town, and public talks about it as if this is not valid in Islam. They confuse people and raise doubt. Too many people talk about this. Those who know, and who do not know included. That is, especially to confuse people who do not know this truth. That is why they had put forth different opinions. None of these opinions are valid unless they are based on Quran, sunnah and ijma. In order for a matter to be based on religion it has to be present in the essential documents of Islam which are Al-Quran Al-Karim, sunnah, ijma-i ummah (community consensus), or qiyas-i fukaha (deductive analogy of jurists. And this is clearly stated in Al-Quran Al-Karim. And this has been implemented so far. The sunnah of our Prophet is also in the meanings of the tasattur verses in Al-Quran Al-Karim. This has been in effect for fourteen centuries. Those who disregard this those who wish to disregard it and make a profit from it or those who wish to push someone’s buttons do not act by knowing Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam. You may not believe in Islam. And you do not have to, no one forces you to believe. Islam is a reality (haqiqa). Islam is a fadeless sun of truth and belief (iman). Islam is a grand life-giving and divine order. And a poem consists of these values. Islam is the truth and reality, whether you believe in it, or not. But you should not oppress the believers. No one is oppressing the disbelievers. People have freedom of belief and conscience, whether they believe or not. You cannot prison, or bury this freedom of belief within people. A person may live as he believes or sees fit. That is the freedom of belief. You should never stand against rights and freedoms. The believers may cover themselves due to their beliefs. And if they want to dress openly, they may. People have a right to determine what they will wear with their own free will. [20:111] “wa-ʿanati l-wujūhu li-l-ḥayyi l-qayyūm” The afore quote is an excerpt from the verse, not the whole verse. O, my Allah, who is the Owner of best Names! Al-Azīz, al-Hakīm, ar-Raʾūf, ar-Rahīm Allah! Have us, our forefathers come to fruition with your forgiveness. We have a prayer to Janâb-i Haqq here. Do not leave in our hearts any grudge or finess towards our mu’min brothers. Enhance our iman and love. Render us aziz (powerful) with your izzat.
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Make our hearts perfect with Your hikmat (wisdom). Make our hearts cheerful with your izzat. O, Rabb (Lord)! You are such Rahmān (Gracious), such Rahīm (Merciful), and Azīz (Almighty), and Hakīm (Ever-Wise). Dearest friends! We see that Janâb-i Haqq wanted us to mention these Holy Names of Allah while pleading to Allah. There is a supplication here with reference to that. [20:111] “wa-ʿanati l-wujūhu li-l-ḥayyi l-qayyūm” It is also narrated that this verse is an Ism-i Azam (the greatest name) verse. As you know, this verse is the 111st verse of Surah Ta Ha. It is also said that the 255th verse of Surah al-Baqarah is Ism-i Azam (the greatest name). It is also said that the first and secondth verses of Surah Ali ‚Imran and Ayat al-Kursī (the Throne verse) are also Ism-i Azam (the greatest name). It is important to pray to Allah with all holy names. and Ism-i Azam (the greatest name). It is present in our respected sourcebooks that this is, by all means, an aid in the acceptance of the prayers. Moreover, our mother Aisha used to recite this prayer while she was with our Beloved Prophet. And our Prophet had prayed for her by saying, “allahumma veffikhâ – make her successful”. Let us hear this perfect prayer of our mother Aisha. “Allahümme inni eselüke bi cemiî esmâikelhusnâ küllihâ ma alimnâ ve ma’lem na’lem ve eselüke bi ismikel azîmil kebîril ekberillezi men daâke bihî ahbetkehu ve ecettehu vemen seelekbihi ataytehû.” One should recite this prayer, and mention the names of Allah, and then you may ask for what you wish. “O, my Allah! Make Al-Quran Al-Karim the light of my bosom, and the spring of my heart. O, my Rabb (Lord)! Make it a means to alleviate my sorrow and grief. And render it a polish over my sadness. You may make all kinds of wishes, but you should make acceptable wishes. It is also important to know Ism-i Azams (the greatest names). Every name of Allah is exalted. But there are Ism-i Azam (the greatest name) names among them. Every name is exalted but some of them are more exalted. We also see instances when our Prophet prayed by searching the Ism-i Azam (the greatest name). We also see him praying by praising the Ism-i Azam (the greatest name). The following hadith is reported on the authority of Hasan al-Basri. “The martyrs are alive in the presence of Allah.” Their sustenance (rizq) is given to their souls and they feel contentment and ease. As for the Pharaoh and his people, they are exposed to Fire in the mornings and evenings. They are subjected to this harsh and agonizing punishment. This is a hadith-i sharif and a report narrated by Ahmad ibn Hanbal. Also, in the 169th and 170th verses of Surah Ali ‚Imran they are alive, and provided; and they are so jubilant. Also in the Surah al-Baqarah when we read the 154th and 157th verses we can clearly see these truths.
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Now, let us talk about the 46th verse of Surah al-Ghafir. People of Pharaoh are exposed to Fire, in their graves, in mornings and evenings. And in Qiyamah they shall enter the most severe punishment. They are in agony today. And in that day, in the Day of Gathering (Mahshar), they will enter into a complete punishment. And at this time they are exposed to Fire in the mornings and evenings. Who are these Pharaohs? They are those who do not acknowledge the laws and decrees of Allah. “Musibat: All that cause pain to the believer (mu’min) is called as musibat (trouble, suffering).” This is also a hadith that you may find in al-Jaami‘ as-Sagheer. Sahih Muslim: The one who makes a good breakthrough will be given reward (thawāb) as much as the reward of those who follow that path. Moreover, in the 156th and 157th verses let us see what Umar said regarding these verses: “I have found 3 blessings (nimet) in the musibat (trouble) that came. Nothing happened to my religion. It was not bigger than it was. And the result is a great reward,” he says. Allah Ta’ala says the following when a servant’s child dies: “Did you take the fruit of his heart,” Allah says to the angels. And the angels say, “Yes,”. And then Janâb-i Haqq says: “Build a Bait al-Hamd (House of Praise) for the child in Janna,”. For the angels said that he said: “Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’un.” “We belong to Allah, and to Allah we will return,” with praise he said. You see, there are divine laws that come from Allah Ta’ala, and death is one of them. If one meets these by saying, “inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’un,” then we see that Janâb-i Haqq orders angels to build that soul a mansion in Janna (Paradise). And this mansion is called as Bait al-Hamd (House of Praise). Dearest friends! It is only when we meet every commandment of Allah with praise that we would be believing in the taqdir (divine decree) of Allah. For, what we do with our own free will concerns us such as our sins and good deeds but there are divine laws that are in effect out of the boundaries of our will. These are non-volitional laws. Death is one of these laws. This is a divine law. Death occurs when the time comes. For it is an hour, and death does not occur unless that hour comes. And after that hour comes, no one may avoid death for it will certainly happen. For it is not possible to revert the hour of death. There are trials such as enmnity, famine, war, loss of life, goods, profit, and loss of a child. Nefsi emmare is the nafs (self) that bids evil. It may achieve levvâme by means of knowledge (ilm), belief (iman), and akhlaq (morality) Levvâme is the nafs (self) that criticises itself. That is, the nafs (self) that purifies itself in mutmain (contentment), and achieves peace by drawing near its Rabb (Lord). Janâb-i Haqq mentions the mutmain (content) heart in the 27th and 28th verses of Surah al-Fajr. O, mutmain nafs (soul at peace)! Your Rabb (Lord) is pleased with you. So, return to your Rabb (Lord), pleased. Enter among my good servants, and enter my Janna (Paradise) with them.
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You see, a Muslim has to achieve mutmain nafs (soul at peace). And in order to achieve that, he has to fulfill the commandments in sharīʿah one by one. A person may achieve mutmain nafs (soul at peace) when he fulfills zuhd (detachment). It is necessary to achieve zuhd (detachment) and taqwa (piety). Therefore, a person has to implement the commandments in the religion as much as possible. Besides, in Islam, no one is offered something that they cannot afford. Islam makes life easier. Islam is a religion that gives life to the humanity, especially those who believe in it, and live it. It embellishes your life, and makes it easier; giving you a delightful life, for Islam is the protection of Allah. Islam is to live under the protection, and command of Allah. That is, by obeying and fulfilling the commands of Allah, not by revolting. The hearts have to be filled with Islam. The world of hearts must be filled with Islam. The hearts that are filled with Islam and the hearts that are filled to brim with belief (iman) and Quran spread mercy all around the world. They work to establish social justice in the entire world. They take pleasure in ilm and irfan (knowledge). They do not enjoy nothing but all that is good. They abhor all evil. The selves (nafs) have a rank named radiyah (content). That is, a nafs (self) that is content with his Rabb (Lord) and the commands. All Muslims should be content with their Rabb (Lord), and the commandds of their Rabb (Lord) They should be content by all means. And they shoud enjoy all commands and fulfill them, and believe in their qadar (fate). They should know that their sins are due to themselves and that good deeds (thawāb) are done by the favor of Allah. They should believe that Allah creates when the servant asks. You see, when one is satisfied with all commandments in Islam they shall attain the rank of radiyah (content). They cannot be free of distress unless they are satisfied. In which case, their belief (iman) would not be real, for his heart does not acknowledge (tasdiq) the commands of Allah. All divine laws must be acknowledged (tasdiq) effortlessly. This acknowledgement (tasdiq) is a primary decree in the heart. The primary decrees are invalid in heart unless that happens. And there is the testification (iqrar) of these commands. You shall acknowledge (tasdiq), and testify (iqrar) with pleasure. And you shall obey with pleasure, and do what this obedience necessitates. That is, of course, interconnect with knowing and living the Islamic sharīʿah. That is interconnect with abiding by the Islamic measures. There is also the rank of mardiyah (devoted and pious) for selves (nafs). And their Rabb (Lord) is pleased with them. There is a maqam of the selves (nafs). You see, this is the goal, and result. The goal is to attain the riza (approval) Allah. In other words, there is eternal salvation when Almighty Allah is pleased with you. So, where is the content, and love of Allah? When will Allah be pleased with you? The commandments of Allah are also the riza (approval) of Allah. This is what we call, sharīʿah-i garra-i ahmediyye. You shall attain the riza (approval) of Allah when you implement the commands of Islam one by one, with pleasure. This is how you can attain the riza (approval) of Allah.
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Everything forbidden, or made haram (sinful) by Allah is already the things that are harmful to people. Allah did not withhold the blessings (nimet) from the servants. Allah has made all that is helpful halal (lawful), and forbidden all that is harmful. Nevertheless, the servant is obliged to obey his Rabb (Lord). If Janâb-i Haqq told us to desist from something, we will not do that anymore, for we are servants of Allah, thus we cannot revolt against Allah. Can we say that we do not acknowledge the command of Allah? Once, we were not physically existent. We were present in the knowledge of Allah. We will perish. And again, we will be exisent in the knowledge, and decree of Allah. By Baqa Billah (attaining endless life in Allah), a person may either attain the favor of Allah, or struck by punishment. In the end, we have two goals that we are going towards. One may go towards earning the favor of Allah, and attain it or he may go towards incurring wrath, and be struck with the punishment of Allah. You see, it is Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam that directs you to the favor of Allah, and that gives you life. Quran and the commandments in Islam are the means that will lead you to the favor and riza (approval) of Allah directly, without deceiving or misleading you. When you work for the opposite and when you step out of the boundaries of Islam when you do not know Islam you incur the wrath of Allah, and call for punishment. That is, whether you are aware or not. It does not matter. A life without Islam leads to the wrath of Allah. This is how Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (r.a.) explained this just like the other âlims. And this is what we understand from Islam, and Al-Quran Al-Karim. You see, this is Baqa Billah (attaining endless life in Allah). You may either go towards the favor of Allah, and attain it, or you may be struck by the punishment. [28:88] “wa kullu shayʾin hālikun ʾillā wajhahū” So, what does Janâb-i Haqq say in the 88th verse of Surah al-Qasas? “Everything shall perish, Allah remains eternal,” said Allah. But of course, Allah is al-Bāqī, the Infinite, but everything else is mortal. Everything will perish, bu Allah remains eternal (baqi). The decree belongs to Allah. And we shall all go back to Allah. You have the chance to live eternally by favor of Allah. You see, this favor that gives us the chance to live eternally by the blessing (nimet) and favor of Allah has been manifested in humanity via Islam. People who accept Islam, and live it properly as one should have been given this chance to eternally live with this favor. And this is a grand favor from Allah. Allah is the reason of all things. It is Allah who created all things in the worlds, alive or not alive. Allah is the reason of all things. Allah is al-Baqi with His (Allah’s) Person (zat) and sifāts (attribute). These are the meanings that we get from these verses. We continue to give you discovery notes of our life-giving lesson. Some philosophers have advocated the immortality of the soul. They thought the soul in people is a piece from the real entity of Allah. Whereas the soul is a creature of Allah. The philosophers were wrong here. The soul, is an order by Allah, and it is a secret. So, the soul is an order by Allah, and a secret. The true nature of Allah is Oneness that is beyong soul and matter, and free from time and space.
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Allah is al-Bāqī, and Allah will give us new souls and bodies, for the soul is a creature. And it is Allah who created the soul. It is not possible to absent yourself from Allah’s knowledge (ilm), decree, and Baqa Billah. Everything is encompassed by Allah. And everything became existent by the creation of Allah. Salawat (salutation) of Allah is the forgiveness of all sins. So, to whom Allah recited salawat? Janâb-i Haqq had sent salat (salutation) upon Prophet Muhammad. Allah recited the salawat to the Beloved Muhammad: [16:90] “ʾinna llāha yaʾmuru bi-l-ʿadli wa-l-ʾiḥsāni wa-ʾītāʾi dhī l-qurbā…” [33:56] “ʾinna llāha wa-malāʾikatahū yuṣallūna ʿalā n-nabiyyi yā-ʾayyuhā lladhīna ʾāmanū ṣallū ʿalayhi wa-sallimū taslīma” We see here that in this verse Janab-i Haqq and the angels sent salat & salam upon Muhammad. Allah’s salawat is the forgiveness of all sins. Besides, Prophet Muhammad does not have a sin seen by people. And he does not even have the smallest sin. Seen or unseen, Prophets cannot commit sins. This was the situation but Janâb-i Haqq has still forgiven all his sins at that time, in past, and in future in order to raise his rank forever. Allah honored him with the unthinkable and unmeasureable rahmat (mecy). And this rahmat (mercy) also bestowed to the ummah (nation) by encompassing the ummah (nation) in the person of Muhammad. You see, when we read the 29th and 30th verses of Surah al-Fajr we see how Janâb-i Haqq bestowed favors upon the servants who have the attributes of radiyah (content) and mardiyah (the one who Allah is pleased with). Salawat is rahmat (mercy) from Allah, repentace from angels, and prayer from the believers (mü’mins). So, dearest friends! After conveying you certain notes regarding these matters let me give you a few notes about the Safa and Marwa which are mentioned in these verses. Safa and Marwa are two small hills visited by the pilgrims. They are amid two mountains, next to Kaaba Sharif. They are close to the Zamzam Well. The small hills of Safa and Marwa are near the Zamzam Well. The pilgrims perform sa’i seven times from Safa to Marwa and vice versa. Safa and Marwa are two small hills. Safa means sleek or slippery rock. And Marwa means small and soft rock. Şiar and Şeair means the ibadat (worship) itself, and its place. Justl like are signs like namāz (prayer), and mosque. As for Hajj, it means purpose, intention, to come and go many times. Umrah is a visitation, its root is trust. Tatawwuf means to have difficulty. The concepts of obligation (wajib), and religious obligation (fard) are the same in Shafiʽites. The story of Hagar and Ishmael; Allah is helpful to sincere and patient servants.
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You see, our mother Hagar had walked from Safa to Marwa and vice versa. He went to the Zamzam Well and got back after laying down Ishmael. She was looking for water. And she was looking at the kid from the small hills of Safa and Marwa to check if he is okay. She had laid Ishmael Alaihissalam there. Therefore, one of the wajib duties of Hajj is to perform say’i between Safa and Marwa. And this sa’i became one of the şi’ārs (signs) of Hajj in the person of our mother Hagar. According to a narration reported by al-Bukhari: “The believer (mu’min) attains such rank by good deeds and getting close to Me that in the end I will be his ear by which he hears, his eye by which he sees, and his heart by which he comprehends. Thereafter he sees with true (haqq) ear. He sees with true (haqq) eye, and fulfills the murad (wish) by true (haqq) knowledge. This is a hadith qudsi. In other words, thereafter Janâb-i Haqq renders his entire body into a true (haqq) motion. The good deeds (amel) he may do shall be true (haqq) and real. We also see that our Prophet said: “O, Allah! Make my every word and work true (haqq), and full of light (nur),”. The reason may be special, but this does not mean that decree is not universal. Information as regards to religion cannot be hid ever. Those who do not testify (iqrar) their knowledge who do not say, do not spread the knowledge (ilm), or block it or those who alter it, or mix it, or hide it, it does not matter who they are but they should see the 159th and 174th verses. “O, woe to those who hide this truth (haqq), knowledge (ilm), wisdom (irfan), and even Quran.” A person who did this may repent by speading the knowledge (ilm), and publishing what he hid. Not every repentance encompass all sins. One has to repent seperately for each sin by complying with the prequisites. It is disbelief (kufr) to conceal a clear truth. And belief (iman) is to clarify the truth. Belief (iman) is not fulfilled unless one announces the truth, and testifies (iqrar) his faith. And repentance by belief (iman), and announcing the truth is acceptable. And the repentance is not fulfilled unless one acknowledges (tasdiq) with his heart, even though he explained and published the truth. This is what we see when we read the 161th verse of Surah al-Baqarah.
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– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 34
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful. Our dearest audience! Our life-giving lessons continue. These are lessons of the life-giving truth/reality taken from the life-giving source. May Janâb-i Haqq have us benefit truly, and live the true life. A reason may be special but that does not prevent the decree to be universal. Information as regards to religion cannot ever be hidden. An information that Allah Ta’ala told us to convey cannot be kept hidden. The verses of Al-Quran Al-Karim cannot be hidden. To convey it correctly is the main duty of those who know Al-Quran Al-Karim. We have seen what happened to those who hid and distort Bible and Torah. This is why the Islamic world should derive their lesson from these verses. Those who do not confess, do iqrār (testification), who do not tell the truth and reality, who do not spread the knowledge (ilm), who block it from being spread, who distort it, who change it, or hide it. Whosoever they may be, they have been visited by the curse of Allah, and the curse of people. Thus, you should see the 159th and 174th verses of Surah al-Baqarah. Repentance from this is possible via spreading the knowledge (ilm). To spread and explain the formerly hidden knowledge (ilm). A simple repentance is not valid for all sins. Repentance from a sin like hiding Al-Quran Al-Karim is to explain it and spread it. It is disbelief (kufr) to hide a clear truth. To explain and spread the truth is a prequisite of belief (iman). In other words, belief (iman) is to explain the truth. Repentance, and having belief (iman) is possible via announcing the truth. “Iman is not really iman unless it is announced (iqrār) with tongue and pen, and affirmed (tasdiq) by the hearth.” Please listen to this part closely. “Iman is not really iman unless it is announced (iqrār) with tongue and pen, and affirmed (tasdiq) by the hearth.” You may see this truth when you read the 161th verse of Surah al-Baqarah. “هُو – huwa” In Al-Quran Al-Karim, Janâb-i Haqq sometimes used the pronoun “هُو – huwa”. “هُو – huwa” which may be translated as “He” but it is gender-neutral. Allah’s perfection (kamāl) have necessitated the perfection (kamāl) of Allah’s sifāts (attributes). The word “هُو – huwa” is an Ism-i Azam (the greatest name) in tawhid maqam. Now, let us see what our elders said about the word “هُو – huwa”. “Hüve Ya Hüve Hu Ya Hu Ya Men La Hüve İllâ Hu,” they used to say. We see that our elders mentioned the word “هُو – huwa” as follows. He! O, He! He, the Zat-i Kibriyā except whom there is no other! There is a complete tawhid (monotheism) here. The name Allah is the Azam (the greatest) when recited. The name Allah (c.c.) is Azam (the greatest).
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This is what the majority of âlims have said. The name Allah connote the sum of the person of Allah and all of the sifāts (attributes). Ar-Rahmān, Ar-Rahīm – all blessings (rahmat) belong to Allah. The finest mercies belong to Allah. And the polytheists (musrik) wanted Allah to turn the small hill of Safa into gold for them. They wanted such a miracle from Allah. “I will, but if they deny again, I will impose a punishment I did not impose on anyone.” You see, Janâb-i Haqq will give them what they prayed for but there is a condition. Allah will impose a punishment that Allah did not impose on anyone. Janâb-i Haqq told our Prophet that they will receive such a punishment. Our Prophet received this as a wahy (revelation). Our Prophet did not want them to perish. This is why he prayed, “O, my Rabb (Lord)! Leave me and my people be!” I will invite them day by day they may become Muslims later. This is what our Prophet wanted to say. This is how it is reported in the narration of Ahmad ibn Hanbal. Have a glance at the endless and boundless space, the universe, the systems and signs. Have a look at the heyet-i âlem (cosmic pattern of universe). Look at the systems and zodiological signs. What can you see? That is, if you can look, and see too. Everyone may look, but not everyone may see. Looking, and seeing are different things. A person who can see the Almighty Qudrah (Power) everywhere surrenders to Allah with every fiber of his being, and declares faith. From then on, that person implements the rules of Allah without hesitation. Now, take a look into the situation of Arabs before Islam. And see the situation after Islam. You will see the reform Islam made in the souls, hearts, and the world. Islam has toppled down superstion (batil), and ignorance. And made the truth (haqq), knowledge (ilm), wisdom (irfan), and true justice predominant. Islam has made the greatest revolution on earth. Islam has made a real reformation. But that is after they accepted Islam. Arabic society was one of the most underdeveloped societies of the world. But they became civilized later. by abiding by the commands of Al-Quran Al-Karim. The mankind started observing the nature and the universe and foremost the Islamic scholars (âlims). That is not just Arabs either, the Turks, Persians, and North Africans also. There have been many positive developments as regards to this in many societies. Then it influenced the entire Europe. Europe had their share from Islamic sciences, and Islamic scholars. The rationalism and observation that is taught to people in Al-Quran Al-Karim. That is, especially in the 9th and 10th centuries. This has caused a great civilization to be born. Numerous Muslim scientists were raised in this period in fields of science such as mathematics, geometry, astronomy, and medicine. Discoveries of great importance have been made in this period.
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Al-Andalus has a very important place in the spread of this to Europe. It had been the center of greatest innovations especially in the field of medicine. Muslim doctors had education in wide scope of branches such as surgery, birth, pharmacology, physiology, ophthalmology, bacteriology, and hygiene. They have given immensely successful services, and made progress. As for Muslim anatomists, they had correctly determined the number of bones in human head. They had also recorded that three little bones in a human ear. Ibn Sina was a grand figure, and scientist who lived around the years 980 to 1037. Ibn Sina, who learned natural sciences, literature, geometry, mathematics, science of logic, philosophy, and physics. had become famous not just in the east but also in the western societies. His most famous work named Al-Qānūn fī at-tibb (The Canon of Medicine) was written in Arabic. Later, it was translated into Latin in the 12th century and in European universities it was accepted and studied as the fundamental coursebook until 17th century. And it is still valid. In this book, disease and medicine is explained systematically. He has written more than one hundred works like this one. The majority medical knowledge present in Al-Qānūn is still valid even today. Zakariya al-Qazwini and Hamdallah Mustawfi Qazvini are scientists who lived in 13th century. They, along with Ibn al-Nafis had studies on anatomy which laid the foundations of modern medicine. Ali ibn Isa had a work named Tadhkirat al-Kahhālīn fi’l-‚Ayn wa Emraziha (Notebook of Oculist). The first volume of this book was completely devoted to anatomy of the eye, and it contains invaluable information. This book was translated to Latin and German later. There is also Al-Biruni and Galilei. Al-Biruni, who lived in the 11st century, had proved the rotation of the earth 600 years before Galileo. He calculated the earth’s radius 700 years before Newton. Ali Kuşçu (Ali Qushji), who lived in the 15th century, had made the first map of the moon. And in this day a region of moon is named after him. Thābit ibn Qurra had lived in the 9th century. He had discovered the differential calculus centuries before Newton. Al-Battani, who lived in the 10th century is the first discoverer of trigonometry. As for Abu al-Wafa, he added the terms of tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant to trigonometry.
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Khwarizmi had written the first book about algebra in the 9th century. And Maghribi had found the formula which is known today as Pascal’s triangle 600 years before Pascal. Ibn al-Haytham, who lived in the 11th century is the founder of optical science. Roger Bacon and Johannes Kepler had benefited from his works. And Galileo had invented telescope by benefiting from his works. And Al-Kindi had come up with theory of relativity and relative physics, 1100 years before Einstein. Akshamsaddin, who lived approximately 400 years before Pastor. had made the first discovery of microbes. Ali ibn al-‚Abbashad lived in the 10th century and he performed the first cancer surgery. In the same century, Ibn-i Cessar had explained the causes of leprosy and its cures. We are mentioning only a small portion of these discoveries here. And this nullifies the claims of materialistic people who often say that religion and science conflicts. Islam is a science above all science. Islam is an intellect above all intellect. And Islam is holy and supernatural values. Islam is an utter miracle, for it is divine. Such things cannot be said for Islam. 17th century is filled with scientists conducting research in order to explore the universe, and nature created by Allah. They adopted the goal of knowing Allah by means of discovering Allah’s laws. But of course, the faithful scientist were even more successful for they conducted their research by believing. Besides, there have been many thinkers who say they are philosophers. but their ideas are filled with contradictions, and no good for anything. There are also those who think they introduce karamats (wonders). The same situation continued through the 18th century too. Important figures such as Newton, Johannes Kepler, Copernicus, Bacon, Galileo, Pascal, Boyle, Paley, Cuvier are some of the people have significant contributions to the scientific world, who are known by their belief in Allah, and these It is seen in the west and in the east that science and belief is parallel. One should not forget that science and religion are interconnected. Let us see what Allah said in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Allah calls people to contemplate on their birth, the sky, the earth, mountains, stars, the rain, plants, animals, birth of animals, the day and night; and calls us to study these creatures. This is what Al-Quran Al-Karim recommends us. Both the verses in the book, and cosmological signs order us to contemplate and become thinkers. Albert Einstein, one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century has said, “Science without religion is crippled,”.
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This is what Einstein said. “Science without religion is crippled,” in other words it is not possible for it to move forward. How far can a crippled person go? This is why our dearest friends! We say that Islam is a religion of science. Islam incorporates all divine and life-giving values that are based on wahy (revelation). And Islam calls all people to the true life. This is why we say that the true and divine life-style is the life-style of Islam. Now, our lesson continues with life-giving verses that shed light upon us all. But of course, these lessons are sent to us so that they may give life to the humanity and the universe. Dearest and most venerable friends! Our lessons continue, and we are in the 34th lesson at this time. Bismillahirrahmanirrahim, [2:164] “ʾinna fī khalqi s-samāwāti wa-l-ʾarḍi wa-khtilāfi l-layli wa-n-nahāri wa-l-fulki llatī tajrī fī l-baḥri bi-mā yanfaʿu n-nāsa wa-mā ʾanzala llāhu mina s-samāʾi min māʾin fa-ʾaḥyā bihi l-ʾarḍa baʿda mawtihā wa-baththa fīhā min kulli dābbatin wa-taṣrīfi r-riyāḥi wa-s-saḥābi l-musakhkhari bayna s-samāʾi wa-l-ʾarḍi la-ʾāyātin li-qawmin yaʿqilūn” Sadaqa Allaah al-‚Azeem (Allah Almighty has spoken the truth). Let us see what our Almighty Rabb (Lord) commanded: “Verily, in the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and day, and the ship that sail with things that benefit people, and that Allah sends down water from above, reviving the earth after its death, and that Allah spreads the animals who move on it, and in that Allah changes the winds, and in the clouds that is between the earth and heavens, ready for orders, surely there are proofs of Allah’s (c.c.) Oneness for an intellectual community. Dearest friends! We see here that Janâb-i Haqq turns our attention to the cosmological signs (kevni ayah). Allah tells us to discover the verses in the book well, and contemplate on the cosmological signs, and discover them. Every Muslim is obliged to become a thinker. Astaizu Billah: [2:165] “wa-mina n-nāsi man yattakhidhu min dūni llāhi ʾandādan yuḥibbūnahum ka-ḥubbi llāhi wa-lladhīna ʾāmanū ʾashaddu ḥubban li-llāhi wa-law yarā lladhīna ẓalamū ʾidh yarawna l-ʿadhāba ʾanna l-quwwata li-llāhi jamīʿan wa-ʾanna llāha shadīdu l-ʿadhāb” [2:166] “ʾidh tabarraʾa lladhīna ttubiʿū mina lladhīna ttabaʿū wa-raʾawu l-ʿadhāba wa-taqaṭṭaʿat bihimu l-ʾasbāb” [2:167] “wa-qāla lladhīna ttabaʿū law ʾanna lanā karratan fa-natabarraʾa minhum ka-mā tabarraʾū minnā ka-dhālika yurīhimu llāhu ʾaʿmālahum ḥasarātin ʿalayhim wa-mā hum bi-khārijīna mina n-nār” [2:164] “And some, among the people, hold other things than Allah equal to Allah. They love them as if they love Allah. Yet, love of Allah, that belong to the believers is stronger.
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They love their Rabb (Lord) with an unequalled love. If only those who do evil could see that all power belongs to Allah. And if only they could understand that Allah’s punishment is indeed too severe.” [2:165] “When those who were followed have seen the punishment run off from their followers and all ties between them have been cut off piece by piece.” [2:166] “And those who followed them say: Oh, if only there was a chance for us to return to the world so that we could draw away from them, just like they drew away from us. Thus, Allah will show all their deeds as regrets piled over them. And it is not like they will come out of the fire.” Do not have bad leaders. Do not reside in an evil society. If evil people become prominent, and insist on evil, this will be the result. Also, if you reside in evil societies with evil leaders, and if you obey them the end result is loss, and regret as you have read in the verse. But that is a useless type of regret. This is why Muslims must not do things that will bring useless regret but must do what is most helpful. Janâb-i Haqq wanted us to look and see. Allah has given us the life-giving lessons of Al-Quran Al-Karim. May Allah destine us to study this lesson well, find life, and be blissful in both worlds. Janâb-i Haqq has given us intellect so that we may comprehend these truths. Besides, intellect is necessary for contemplation. The intellect, is a spiritual light within the brain, the heart and soul. And it is one of the greatest miracles. Janâb-i Haqq has given this intellect to human kind. Intellect is a means of discovery and comprehension. For example, inductive reasoning, ,deduction, and logical analogy is possible with comprehension and intellect, and fins Allah in the end, for Janâb-i Haqq has assigned intellect to wahy (revelation). Allah told us to understand cosmological signs, and the verses in the Book. It became possible for people to understand Almighty Allah via these means, for people do not look towards the universe. But it is clear that the Creator existed before the universe. Now, there is intellect, but there is something else too. So, what is idea? Idea, is like a walk of intellect. So, it means that the of the walk of intellect is idea. There is also akl-i mesmu, which means developed intellect (by experience and knowledge). That is education, possible with experience and studying. That is, with theorical and practical education. In other words, national education is for achieving the goal. Akl-i mesmu (developed intellect) develops with national education. That is, non-stop education, and learning, from the cradle to the grave. Just having a license and to take a back seat is to stay away from knowledge (ilm), and o fall behind. Such people cannot make a progress. Islam bids non-stop advancement.
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Taraqqi is gradual improvement, growth, and development. Those who do not develop in Islam will get lower-ranking, and will go down. There is also kutsî kuvvet (holy power) which is a bestowment of Allah and we call it as vehbî akıl (innate intellect). Almighty Allah gives inspiration and enlightenment, and bestows favors upon the person, this is what we call innate intellect. Aql-i Evvel (First Intelligence), is the greatest rank. First intelligence is the intellect that can see the end from the beginning, and vice versa. Aql-i Evvel (First Intelligence). This intellect the light of Prophet Muhammad. As it is narrated in Kashf-ul-Hafā our Prophet says: “Evvelü mâ halâkallâhü nûrî.’’ Allah created my light first. “Evvelü mâ halâkallâhü kâlem.’’ One of the first creations of Allah is the Pen. “Mâ halâkallâhül akl.’’ And one of the first creations of Allah is the intellect. You see, this is the Aql-i Evvel (First Intelligence). Janâb-i Haqq’s first creations were the light of Muhamad, Aql-i Evvel (First Intelligence), and the Pen. Our Prophet says that the first creations were his light, the Pen, and intellect. The way of intellect is one. And that way is sirat al-mustaqim (the straight path). In other words, Islam itself. Al-Quran Al-Karim consist of intellect, verses, open signs, proofs, cosmological signs, the universe and all things in it. Al-Quran Al-Karim is the mirror of creation. Al-Quran Al-Karim is the mirror of all creatures living or lifeless, the earth and heavens, and all things. Humanity can discover the creatures, the universe, and the cosmological signs easily if they discover Al-Quran Al-Karim well. Thus, the humanity made progress in discoveries after the religion of Islam was born, for Islam gave the hints to discoveries in Al-Quran Al-Karim. You can find all discoveries and inventions in Al-Quran Al-Karim, regardless of where they are made. And there will be more discoveries and inventions. Allah will show many signs in ‚alam al anfus (the spiritual realm) and ‚alam al afaq (the physical realm). The ability of man is due to a favor given by Allah. The people will make discoveries with the ability given to them by Janâb-i Haqq, or the inspiration sent into their hearts. Otherwise, the works the deniers do is only istidraj (gradual destruction). Istidraj (gradual destruction), is to raise people only to throw them down. And in the end, they are destroyed. You see, essentially all science is beneficial. The ones that are not truly science are istidraj (gradual destruction), for they only bring harm to people. A research that harms people, creatures, nature, and universe is not science. That can only truly be science once it is purified from harm. Now, let us have a look. What do we call a skill that allows you to make atom bombs and destroy people, and nature? That is also a skill. But it has no benefits for people.
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And it has no benefits for the ones who drop it. And the bombs perish people in the massive blast. Therefore, it is clear that there is loss here instead of benefit. No one has the authority to distort this order that Allah established. The nature, and people should be protected. In Islam people are the most valuable creature. The earth, and the heavens are for people. That is why the universe, and this order must be protected. It should not be distorted. What we eat, drink and wear and the air, water, everything is altered by human hand. And what became of their quality of these things? The quality dropped. People are suspicious. They are suspicious about what they eat. People are seeking all-natural and organic foods. They are looking for natural food without human intervention. They do not want hormones and pesticides in what they eat so that the quality of what they eat may stay intact. People are seeking natural, untouched food everywhere. And we are talking about two kinds of science today. One says something is good, and the others says it is bad. This is no science. Science is completely beneficial and good; it should never be evil. It should never bring harm. What brings harm should not be done, and what is beneficial should be done. That is why we say that Al-Quran Al-Karim is the mirror of creation. There are people whose conscience, pleasure, and intellect has gone bankrupt Their conscience, and intellect are no more. They cannot see, hear, or understand this grand miracle. This grand and unique miracle is not comprehensible for the mindset that do not understand Quran. Surely, they cannot do good for themselves, or the others. They regard what they lay their hands on as profit. But they always work for loss and evil. For they do not have belief (iman), nor conscience. If that was not so, would evil be so common in the world? Would they have dropped the atomic bomb? One part of the world is having hardship finding bread. They cannot learn, have knowledge (ilm), and they are left as ignorant. Would so much money be invested in armaments and war. What is a gun for? It is for shooting someone. A human should not shoot another human. Would there not be peace if whatever is required to establish it were made. The humanity is Allah’s servants, and Adam’s children. Had they work towards being brothers and try to establish the truth, and belief (iman) in their hearts had they all work for the better good of one another and had they not distort the nature and universe, would there not be peace? These things are acceptable. But people are trying to do what is unacceptable. People are trying to do harmful and unacceptable things. Are the concepts of kiling one another, war, and armament easy things? This is both cruelty and leads the person to Jahannam (Hell) for you are doing wrong to the servants of Allah. You are murdering them; you are being a savage. One should never do wrong to the servants of Allah. Wrongdoing and evil acts must be prohibited. But what are they doing instead of this? They feed it with even greater evil acts. If a person made a pistol, another made an even bigger weapon. And the other made the atom bomb. We should get rid of all weapons and wrongdoings, and change them for the better good of humanity.
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Would it not be better if we raced in knowledge (ilm), wisdom (irfan), belief (iman), and goodness instead of arms? The race in knowledge (ilm), wisdom (irfan) shall overwhelm all evil. And that is not possible by denying the verses of Allah. Evil polytheists (musrik) have used intellect as weapon for evil purposes. You see Allah has given intellect, which is a valuable blessing (nimet), to people. But what did they do? They are trying to make things that will hurt people, they use intellect for evil. That is not why intellect is given to people. That is, to know Allah and Allah’s commands, and to race in goodness for yourself and the humanity. Knowledge (ilm), and wisdom (irfan) is necessary to do good and to know Allah, and comprehend the truth (haqq). That is one of the most valuable blessings (nimet) ever given, and certainly one of the foremost. That is why one of the first creations is Aql-i Evvel (First Intelligence). Dearest and most venerable friends! Let us talk about the creatures a little bit. What resides in the heavens, the earth and what resides on it, the night, the day, mountains, and seas, wind, ships, and rain, the humans and the animals blowing of the wind from various directions the clouds, breezes, and winds… In Al-Quran Al-Karim, a plural suffix is used for the word rahmat (blessing), for example, life and barakat (blessings) is used in plural form, whereas punishment is used as a singular noun. This is because, essentially, punishment is not a valid concept in what is desired. Punishment is created, for people have earned it themselves. All worlds, and all things are calibrated perfectly for rahmat, and barakat. Such a shame that people use rahmat, and barakat for evil purposes. That is why the concepts of justice and punishment had to occur in return of evil. Now, let us see the 46th verse of Surah al-Rum, and the 57th verse of Surah al-A’raf. The Ādites were perished with howling winds. Also in the 7th verse of Surah al-Haqqah, and in the 41th verse of Surah al-Dhariyat, these matters were pointed. A trouble has visited each and every tribe. And that is due to their disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), and rebellion. You have to protect the order established by Allah, not distort it. You cannot distort the innate nature (fitrah) of anything. You cannot distort your innate nature (fitrah) either. You did not create yourself. You have to protect yourself and the others, and the nature. You have to protect the entire ecosystem, for you cannot betray your Creator, or the creatures, created by Allah. You should save yourself from the enormities of evil leaders. These called as, “andād” in Al-Quran Al-Karim. This is how the mufassirs wrote “andād”. This is the leader that they obey in their rebellion against Allah. If the leader that you obey does not obey Allah Ta’ala and if you obey him in his rebellion against Allah then all these people are called as “andād”. There are people who worship all sorts of things, from mere grass to angels they love them, and worship them as if they love Allah. There are people who worship all types of things ranging from grass, bugs, to angels.
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People divinize their wealth, illusion of supremacy, power, maqam (chair), and reputation. Some people divinize their beauty, and some divinize heroes. And some people divinize rulers. These people constitute the basis of idolatry, which is the greatest scar of humanity. Some people idolized his wealth. He got carried away with illusion of supremacy. He is taken with his power, and he does not listen to Allah. He does not read the verses of Allah. He is carried away with desire of chair. Some are taken with their reputation or beauty. And some people admire beautiful women, or heroes. And they divinize them. They divinized rulers etc. You see, these people are the core reason of idolatry. They are the biggest scar of the humanity. If you see a beauty or success in a person know that that is due to creation of Allah. Know that this beauty or success is given to them by Allah. If you something you like remember the One who created it. Remember Allah, who created that thing you like. Do not idolize anyone. And see the qudrah (infinite power) of Janâb-i Haqq. For Allah is the Creator. It is Allah who gave all these to people. Is it not Allah who placed intellect into the brains? Is it not Allah who created the souls, your body and physique? Is it not Allah who created the earth and the heavens. There are people whose mind wish to go down. These people submit their intellect to the idols. They cannot see the grandness of Allah, rather they divinize the creatures. When you study the Greeks, Romans, and Europe you will see that there are incalculable number of gods. They worship creatures as gods. People divinize whosoever they love. Zionism has started a war of gods, as you know. This war of gods that Zionism started is the goal of Imperialism. And adulators fan the flames. Science, engineering, and modern weapons are used for blowing the coals. There is a creature in each their hearts. They have divinized and idolized the world. The same goes for those who divinize Walis and Nabis (Prophets). This goes for them as well. No one can become a god or a creator. It is Allah who creates the prophets. It is Allah who creates the Wali servants. It is Allah who creates the heroes, or beautiful women. The same goes for all creatures, whether beautiful or ugly, famous or unfamous. If they have a success, or good deeds, these are favors by Allah. And if they have success in evil things, know that this is istidraj (gradual destruction), lower-ranking, and going down. What is there to worship in creatures? Heroes are heroes. And our martyrs are martyrs. It is Allah who bestowed the heroism to heroes. And people who use their chair in the state, or heroism in the way of Allah. And it is Allah Ta’ala who bestowed their skills as a favor. The greatest Prophet is Muhammad. He is not a divinity, but a servant of Allah. He is a Messenger of Allah. He is the greatest Prophet, but he is a servant of Allah. He is the son of Aminah and Abdullah. However, he is the most kâmil (perfect) servant among all servants. But he is still a servant. He is a Prophet, but a servant of Allah. He is a rasūl (messenger), a nabī, but a servant. He ascended to the ninth heaven (arş-ı âlâ), to qāba qawsayn (see, 53:9), to miʿraj (the night journey), and he went beyond the seven layers of the sky.
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Prophet Muhammad was given a grand position like Maqam-i Mahmut, but he is still a servant. It is Allah who gave them their maqam (chair) and rank. This goes for Isa (Jesus) and Musa (Moses) too. We see that even these grand prophets are servants, therefore it is idolatry to divinize people such as heroes, brave people, and rulers because they are successful. “Andād”. The ones Al-Quran Al-Karim refers to as “andād” all become idols in the end. And people become idolators when they become idols. People will incline to believe in idols. Idolatry settles into their hearts. They see the creatures as creators. From then on, the only thing they will worship and remember will be their leader, or ruler. They neither know Allah nor the laws of Allah. Their idolatry become a veil over their eyes. Then shaitan will come and give waswas (satanic whisper) to their heart, and adorn the idol. Shaitan will polish it, and advertise it non-stop. [3:31] “qul ʾin kuntum tuḥibbūna llāha fa-ttabiʿūnī yuḥbibkumu llāhu wa-yaghfir lakum dhunūbakum wa-llāhu ghafūrun raḥīm” You see, in this verse, Janâb-i Haqq orders people to follow Prophet Muhammad as an absolute command. Follow Muhammad. Follow the Prophet and the sharīʿah he brought. And accept all laws and rules he brought, and subject yourself to him. Allah mandated following him to earn the love and forgiveness of Allah, for it is Allah who commissions the Prophet. The Prophet is a messenger. Allah implements the laws and rules on earth via the Prophet. After that, the ummah (nation) of that Prophet is obliged to maintain that way until the Qiyamah. There is only one religion. Do not ever think that there are two religions on earth. The sharīʿah of Isa (Jesus) was valid until Muhammad came. And the sharīʿah of Musa (Moses) was valid until Isa (Jesus) came. And until Musa (Moses) came, the sharīʿahs of the previous prophets were valid. The sharīʿah of Nuh (Noah) was valid until Ibrahim (Abraham) came. And until Nuh (Noah) came, the sharīʿahs of the previous prophets were valid. You see, until Prophet Muhammad, the sharīʿah of Isa (Jesus) was valid. Muhammad came, and his sharīʿah renewed all other sharīʿahs. And right now, the only sharīʿah, and religion of the world is Islam. People cannot be happy, neither in the world nor in the grave, nor in the afterlife, unless this is properly explained to the world. Otherwise, they would not be hearing the truth, this is what we have to explain, for Allah only accepts this belief (iman) which is presented to us via Islam. This is because Islam is the last religion, Quran is the last Book, and Muhammad is the last Prophet. And with his sharīʿah everything is renewed. It is disbelief (kufr) if someone wished for something from a wali or a prophet. That would be a prayer-in-prayer. Asking something from a wali or a prophet while performing namāz (prayer) is disbelief (kufr). You can only ask from Allah. Whatever you ask, ask from Allah. If you ask that which Allah shall give from a servant you would be attributing them with the attributes that belong to Allah which would be divinizing that servant, and this is polytheism (shirk) and disbelief (kufr). Remembering someone instead of saying “Bismillah” before beginning a work is also polytheism (shirk) and disbelief (kufr). Dearest friends! Say “Bismillah” before beginning any action or work.
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But some remember someone instead of saying “Bismillah”, and this is disbelief (kufr). People go back to ignorance and idolatry where knowledge (ilm) is not present. Had they known the value of the life-giving knowledges of Islam and Quran; it would not be like this. Ignorance sends a person back to disbelief (kufr), and idols. They call that piety, and they practice idolatry. They return to idols in the end. And they call that piety. These acts are not piety, but similar to idolatry of Abū Jahl. The ways of Muslims do not resemble the ways of disbelievers (kāfirs) by no means. They are unlike polytheists (musrik), hypocrites (munafiq), venial sinners (fāsiq), faajirs (sinner by action). They do not resemble non-Muslims. A Muslim follows Islamic rules and divine laws both spiritually and physically. Their personality follows the divine rules. Islamic personality is a personality earned by following the rules. That is the true life, and the true life-style. If you say you want to live your life, then know that this is the real life. Then, obtain the life-giving code, and holy documents and proofs; obtain the knowledge (ilm), and wisdom (irfan). These are present in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Love of nabīi, or rather prophet is associated with their servitude to Allah, and the message (risalat). We love the Prophet, but as a servant of Allah. We love him for he does the best servitude to Allah, not because he is a god, he cannot be a god. We love him due to the message (risalat) he carries, and because Allah has chosen him as the Prophet. Otherwise, this has nothing to do with divinity. The same goes for wali servants too. The âlims, awliya, and wali servants are loved, but why? That is, due to their servitude, and knowledge (ilm). There is no other way, we love them for Allah; not like Allah. Love of Allah is such an exalted love that it is universal. A person who loves Allah will love the creatures of Allah from then on. That person loves all the things that are to be loved. If Allah reviles at something, or criticizes it, then we shall do the same. The measure here is what Allah likes, and what Allah dislikes. You have to know the measure here. That is, what Allah likes, and what Allah dislikes. Allah announces these in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Does Allah like sin? No, Allah does not. Does Allah like prostitution? No, Allah does not. Allah does not like dayus people. Allah does not like interest. So, does Allah like murder and lying? No, Allah does not. Allah does not like adultery. So, what does Allah like? Allah likes belief (iman), and good morals. Allah likes benefiting humanity, and contest in good deeds. Allah likes high-morals, and high-virtue (fazilat). Allah has already placed these values, and measures within the order that gives life to you. And told you to read, study, and understand these then know Allah, submit yourself, and obey Allah by having good morals. That is why what Allah likes should be liked; and what Allah dislikes at should be disliked. And we do all these for Allah, not like Allah. Besides, no one can become a divinity, that is not possible. There is no god but Allah. So, when the idolaters divinized the creatures, they have fallen into polytheism (shirk). In the end, they ruined themselves. They destroyed their belief (iman), and monotheism (tawhid); which was indeed a pity.
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The deniers use philosophy as a cloak. Falsehood (batil), tâdil, metruk, and atheism these are hidden under the name of wahdat al-wujūd (unity of existence). The greatest harm comes from here. You will see this when you read the 163rd verse of Surah al-Baqarah. This truth is properly narrated to us in the verse. Now, people of wahdat al-wujūd say, “lâ mevcude illallah,” we have to be cautious about what they say. This is the danger that comes with people of wahdat al-wujūd. They divinize all creatures. They consider all creatures a single creature, and God. They consider people to be Gods. Wahdat al-wujūd is a mindset that assign divinity to all things living or lifeless. And this presents an immense danger. People of wahdat al-wujūd say, “lâ mevcude illallah”. This is important. What is essential is saying, “La ilaha illallah,” in order words, to know Allah. There are numerous creatures. But what do those who say, “lâ mevcude illallah,” actually mean? There is only polytheism in that word. They mean that every creature is a God. There is a grave danger here. There is a grave danger, and only polytheism (shirk) here. The theory of incarnation is in their words, and we see that. Incarnation (hulul), metempsychosis (tanasuh), unity (ittihâd), these are all falsehoods (batil). As for Islam, it is a complete monotheistic belief (tawhid iman); a monotheistic religion. That is why Islam is ascribed with the attribute hanif (true, good). Islam is a hanif (true, good) religion. The hanif religion of Ibrahim (Abraham) is also included in Islam. And all prophets are hanif (true, good). They know Allah well. There are numerous creatures. And there is also a danger called Pantheism. That is how wahdat al-wujūd spread in the west. Some of our mutasavvifs (people of tasawwuf) have fallen into this danger. And this danger has penetrated some of our tariqas (religious orders). It may have penetrated via Budism, Hinduism, Greek mythology from the west, east, Christianity or somewhere else. Now, Pantheism says that Allah is united with all things. In other words, they believe that Allah is united with all creatures. They believe in ittihad (unity), and imtizaj (coalescence) You see, it is polytheism (shirk) and idolatry what they hide under the name of wahdat al-wujūd. They consider all worlds gods. They consider all creatures gods. They consider all things gods. All people are gods according to them. This is a common thought in the west. This danger is present in the tariqas (religious orders) that do not follow our sharīʿah, that do not have the understanding of Kalām and Itiqad that Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah has. This danger is present in the tariqas (religious orders) that do now follow the Islamic sharīʿah, and the Islamic sciences (ilms). There are people who prostrate to Allah and then prostrate one more time to their sheikh. There are fools who consider themselves people of tariqa. There are also people who do not do what we just say but always talk about their sheikh. So, what is the duty of a sheikh, or a murshid (teacher)? Their duty is to guide you, invite you to Allah, and Muhammad, not themselves. The murshid (teacher) is not important here. What is important is the guidance and knowledge (ilm) of the murshid (teacher).
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They invite you to Allah, and the Prophet with the condition that you completely know the sharīʿah and the truth. They do not know about abjad or hawwaz. They cannot interpret even a single verse. But they wear that pelt and put themselves on the top of the world. You cannot deceive Islam and Muslims with such games. The teacher of a Muslim is true knowledge (ilm). That is, true knowledge (ilm), only present in true âlim and true murshid (teacher). The teacher you follow must at least be a mujtahid. The religious fatwa (legal opinion) of a non-mujtahid person is not valid. Those who are not mujtahids have to subject to a mujtahid. What we call mujtahid is the âlim who knows Islam. A mujtahid is an âlim who is able to perform ijtihad. He knows Quran, sunnah, ijma, and qiyas. And also, he knows about the conditions of the current time. He gives the proper answers in Quran in accord with the conditions of the time he lives in. He will perform ijtihad, and deduce what is unknown via what is known. The mujtahids do not ever lose asl (primary knowledge) while deducing and far’ (auxiliary knowledge). The true mujtahids have this trait. This is why Pantheism, which says that everything is a god, is quite common among ignorant people. We see the people who speak on TV. Men and women talk on TV. They spill out this polytheism that they call wahdat al-wujūd. They say that all things, and all creatures are a piece from Allah. Nothing is a piece or part of Allah; they are all created by Allah. Creatures cannot be parts or pieces from the Creator. The creatures were non-existent, then they existed. And Allah may destroy them later. But will Allah be destroyed? There cannot be a lessening or enhancement in Allah. Allah is attributed with perfect (kemâl) sifāts (attributes). And Allah is free from imperfect ones. Allah is One in sifāts (attributes), actions, and everything. Allah has always been One, and always will be. As for the creatures, they exist today, but they may not be existent tomorrow. Nothing can be a part of Allah. Listen closely to the words of the people you see on TV. Beware of what they spill out. They spill out polytheism (shirk), and idols. They present perfect (kâmil) people as divinities. For example, Isa (Jesus) Alaihissalam is a beloved prophet of Allah. He is son of Maryam, and a servant of Allah, but they divinized him. There is also a group that divinize Ali. And there are also others who divinize other grand figures. They try to eliminate the difference between shaitan and wali, disbelief (kufr) and belief (iman), in order to make themselves look like divinities. They try to eliminate the difference between shaitan and wali, disbelief (kufr) and belief (iman), in order to make themselves look like divinities. Wahhabism derived from the Hanbalites, as a reaction this trend. Please listen close now. Wahhabites said they oppose polytheism (shirk) but they regarded many things as polytheism (shirk) and they have fallen into polytheism (shirk) due to their radicalism. They wanted to escape from a fire, or wanted to put it out but on the other hand they started another fire. This is because they regarded all types of respect and love as polytheism (shirk). The Prophets, wali servants, and other people who are to be loved are loved for Allah, not like Allah. You cannot love like you love Allah. You can love them for Allah, for Allah loves them.
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And we cannot love those Allah dislike, that would be overstepping the bounds. That is done in accord with what is canonical, and sunnah, and the measure here is the Book and the sunnah. “Eksiru zikrâ hadimil lezzât.” Our Prophet says, “Remember death often, for it is the destroyer of pleasures.” Do not forget about death. Let us see what Lokman said to his son in the 13th verse of Surah Lokman. O, my son! Do not ever practice polytheism (shirk), for it is a tremendous transgression. All love must come together in Allah. Love must be in accord with the riza (approval) of Allah. Friends! There is only one type of love, and that is love of Allah. And this love of Allah is done for Allah. So, what do you do for you love Allah? You love what Allah told you to love, but love them for Allah. For all love is for Allah. All love is for Allah; and within the commands of Allah there are specific ones about this. As required by the commandment, we love the things Allah wants us to love. For all things are servants of Allah. Allah’s servants are loved for they are Allah’s servants. As for their bad traits, we do not like those. Can you like polytheism (shirk)? You cannot, those who love it are polytheists (mushrik). Can you show consent to disbelief (kufr), or like it? No, you cannot. Those who show consent to disbelief (kufr) become disbelievers (kafirs). Disbelief (kufr) cannot be liked. Can you regard what is halal (sinful) as halal (lawful)? Can one like what is haram (sinful)? If someone regards haram (sinful) as halal (lawful), or if he likes it, he will lose his belief (iman). That is why one must know his bounds, and the measures in Islam. So, what is the antonym of this? But of course, the antonym of monotheism (tawhid) is polytheism (shirk). And the antonym of belief (iman) is disbelief (kufr) and denial. What is true (haqq) and beneficial is valid, whether it may be old or new. There is the principle of fiqh (jurisprudence) that says that harmful things cannot be acknowledged because they are old. What is old is abandoned due to its seniority. As for truth (haqq), it is always new. If something is true (haqq), and beneficial that thing has always been new in the past, and is still new now, and will always be new in the future. What is essential for something to be new is for it to be true (haqq), and beneficial. Shaitan penetrates your heart and ideas by means of fantasies and illusions.
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– The End –