Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 83-89
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 83
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
In the previous lecture we gave the core meanings of the verses, and now we will make some discoveries with regards to some of them. Now, twelve of the rabbis of Khaybar and Ureyne, decided to say they became Muslims at the beginning of the day. They schemed a hidden and evil betrayal. They started an undercover movement. So, what did they say? They said, “Let’s say we became Muslims at the beginning of the day, and let’s say we turned back by evening, so that we may bring the believers into doubt.”
As for today, both visual and printed media are doing the same to confuse people, and to bring them into doubt, they were doing the same betrayal back then. They have been doing devilish things, except those who don’t.
You see, Islam is such a perfect right and reality that it is a fadeless nūr (light), and a fadeless sun that it is not possible for anyone other than the ignorant people to fall into suspicion regarding it; for there is no need for doubt in Islam. Everything within Islam is right and real. Aql (intellect) takes its inspiration from Islam. The science takes its inspiration from Islam. That said, Islam does not contradict with neither aql (intellect) nor science, and it is fair to say that science takes its action and motion from Islam. It takes its dynamism from Islam. The intellects (aql) develop with the religion (din), they take their inspiration from wahy-i ilahi (divine revelation). That is, the intellects (aql) take their inspiration from Allah. Islam is completely divine.
So, it does not matter who in the world starts a treachery, and it does not matter what type of activity they may carry out to bring people into doubt. They have no chance of surpassing the nūr (light) of Islam. They will only ruin themselves, and lead others to kufr (disbelief), and prevent people from adopting iman (faith). They will only increase their torment in Jahannam. They will rapidly accelerate towards the depths of Jahannam, which will be a pity. The world should desist from this treachery.
Those who work towards blocking Islam, and preventing people from becoming Muslims should desist from this activity of theirs. And beware of them. You should turn back to Al-Quran Al-Karim. You should abide by Al-Quran Al-Karim, sunnah, ijma, qiyas, and the âlims of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah.
Do not pay attention to false mindsets, and we have the main sources of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah in our hands. So, appeal to Al-Quran Al-Karim, and appeal to sunnah. We have mujtahids, we have grand philosophers in our history, we have grand Islamic jurisprudence âlims. And we have our valuable ulama who have maintained their ways up to this day. You should act in concert with these, and abide these. This is where you will learn that which you do not know. You should act in unison with the âlims of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah.
Now, in a rivayat (report) of Al-Bukhari and Al-Muslim, our Prophet (asw) wrote a letter of invitation to the Rum King, Heraclius. Our Prophet invited the Rum King, Heraclius to Islam.
“Greetings from the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad, to the Emperor of the Romans, Heraclius. Be amongst those who enter the right way,” said our Prophet in his letter. Now, our Prophet said that he is calling him to Islam. “I am calling you to Islam, become a Muslim so that may find salvation. Allah will give twofold reward if you enter Islam,” he said. And you may find this as a verse in Al-Quran Al-Karim.
Time Stamp: 5:32
If a person who is Christian becomes a Muslim, then twofold reward is given to him/her. This goes for the Jews as well. Our Prophet said, “If you turn away, then the sin on your people is on you,” to Heraclius. He said this to Emperor of the Romans.
O, ahlul kitab (people of the book)! Beware! O, Christians! O, Jews! Quran invites you to Allah, and calls you to Islam.
[3:64] “Come to a word common between us and you.”
That is what our Prophet (asw) told to Emperor of the Romans, Heraclius. [3:64] “Come to a word common between us and you, let us worship only to Allah, and let us not associate any partners with Allah, and that some of us will not leave Allah and divinize one another. If they turn away, say ‘Bear witness that we are Muslims.” Our Prophet wrote the meaning of the afore verse of Quran in his letter.
Now, let’s talk about Abdullah ibn Salam. Abdullah ibn Salam was a valuable Jewish scholar. They had entrusted him with 1200 oka gold, and he had delivered the gold in full. This venerable figure became a Muslim. Abdullah ibn Salam had become a Muslim, and he is an eminent âlim (Islamic scholar). And he was entrusted with 1200 oka gold. This is an immense amount of gold. He was entrusted with this gold, and he had delivered the gold in full. Now, an okka is forty dirhams. Bear this in mind. This makes roughly 144 kilograms of gold. That is if my calculation is right, and 144 kilograms of gold is not a small amount. Now, let us do the math, an oka is forty dirhams. He was entrusted with 1200 oka of gold, and this person became a Muslim, and delivered the gold in full, and he did not even endanger a single piece of gold.
As for Fehnas, he was also a Jew. They had entrusted Fehnas ibn-i Azura one dirham. You see, this one is also a Jew, and he had denied taking the dirham. So, what do you think would have happened had they entrusted 1200 oka of gold to a person who denied taking a single dirham? We see here that the one who did not betray what is entrusted became a Muslim. As for the one who could not even resist betraying a single dirham, he can’t become a Muslim. That is why we say that Janâb-i Haqq knows well to whom to guide and to whom not to guide, and Allah is All-Knowing.
Now, one dinar is twenty-four kirat (0,2 gr.), which equals to one miskal.
The cause of his betrayal is due to religious segregation, bear this in mind, the Yahud say they are sons of Allah. Now, what do the Jews say about themselves? They say that they are sons of Allah, and that they are friends of Allah, and that everyone else is their slave. So, pay attention to the Zion Jews, for they accept everyone in the world but themselves as their slaves. This is the mindset of Zion Jews.
Time Stamp: 10:25
They say the riches of the non-Jews are halal (lawful) for them. Bear this in mind! They say the riches of the non-Jews are halal (lawful) for them. Now, would say that? You see, there is a mindset that accepts everyone in the world as their slaves, and they consider themselves sons of Allah, and accept Allah as a friend. That is the Jews who have the Zion mindset.
It is this mindset that came up to this day by shedding blood, and they are shedding blood still. Their blood has been shed as well, many cruel (zalim) leaders of the world had shed their blood as well; they have hanged them and slain them to this day. They have been ruining themselves, and they have been shedding the blood of others.
Just look at the last 50 years in Palestine, they have been shedding blood in Palestine for 50 years. This will not go unavenged. This blood will not be unavenged in the world or in the heavens. “Wa-llāhu ʿazīzun dhū ntiqām,” Allah will take revenge. Allah’s justice will be manifested. Muslim is the one who implement this divine justice. Muslim cannot trespass unjustly; Islam will not allow that. That is why our Prophet (asw) said, “Everything belonging to Jahiliyyah is placed
under my feet.” “Except that which is entrusted,” he said. Look, our Prophet said what is entrusted will be delivered to its owner. That goes for good and bad people. If a good man has something, then you will give it to him. If bad people have something, then you will give it to them too. You cannot betray that which is entrusted, for this is what Islam commands.
But what did he say? He said, “Everything belonging to Jahiliyyah is placed under my feet.” That is, he wiped them out. We see dinar and dinnar, religion and fire. Bear this in mind. Dinar and dinnar, religion and fire. This is important. If you do not give the rights of this religion (din), and if you do not believe in what is right (haqq), then this religion (din) will turn into a punishment for you. It will confront you as punishment and fire. The place where fire blazes in Jahannam. There are also things you will have to bear in grave before you go to Jahannam.
Now, why are we narrating these to you? Let us speak the truths, and may the humanity take their share of the rahmat (mercy) of Allah. Islam is a rahmat (mercy) from Allah who is manifested to all the worlds. Islam is a complete salvation. Let us tell these truths to the humanity so that we may be beneficial to the humanity, which is our purpose.
People themselves are free to believe or not to believe, but we have a complete faith in that Islam is completely right and real, and we believe that those who deny this will abide in aberration forever, and that is the reason that we continue making these life-giving lectures. The guidance (hidayat) is from Allah. We supplicate for the guidance (hidayat) and friendship (refik) of Janâb-i Haqq. Allah is our friend (refik), and Allah gives us guidance (hidayat), success (tawfiq) comes from Allah, friendship (refik) comes from Allah, and guidance (hidayat) is from Allah. As for us, we are responsible for bidding, and this is our duty as a servant (qul).
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– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 84
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
[3:75] “wa-min ʾahli l-kitābi man ʾin taʾmanhu bi-qinṭārin yuʾaddihī ʾilayka wa-minhum man ʾin taʾmanhu bi-dīnārin lā yuʾaddihī ʾilayka ʾillā mā dumta ʿalayhi qāʾiman dhālika bi-ʾannahum qālū laysa ʿalaynā fī l-ʾummiyyīna sabīlun wa-yaqūlūna ʿalā llāhi l-kadhiba wa-hum yaʿlamūn.”
[3:76] “balā man ʾawfā bi-ʿahdihī wa-ttaqā fa-ʾinna llāha yuḥibbu l-muttaqīn.”
[3:77] “ʾinna lladhīna yashtarūna bi-ʿahdi llāhi wa-ʾaymānihim thamanan qalīlan ʾulāʾika lā khalāqa lahum fī l-ʾākhirati wa-lā yukallimuhumu llāhu wa-lā yanẓuru ʾilayhim yawma l-qiyāmati wa-lā yuzakkīhim wa-lahum ʿadhābun ʾalīm.”
Editor’s note: Dearest friends, we will give you the core meanings of the verses, and then in the next lesson we will move onto their exegesis (tafsir).
“Among ahlul kitab (people of the book), there is such [people] that if you entrust him with a heap of merchandise, he will return it to you in full.”
As you know, we had adduced Abdullah ibn Salam.
“And among them there is such [people] that if you entrust him with a single dinar (gold coin), he will not give it back to you, unless you constantly stand over him. This is because they say, ‘There is no sin on us from what we do against the ummî (unlettered),’ and they lie against Allah knowingly.’.”
So far, we have explained the hints regarding this matter through the narrations (rivayat) that came from our Prophet.
“No, whoever fulfills their covenant, and shun evil, surely Allah loves the pious (al-muttaqī).”
“Those who sell the promise they gave to Allah and their covenant for a small price, they will not have a share in the afterlife (ākhira). Allah will not speak to them on Qiyamah, nor will Allah look at them, nor will Allah purify them. There is a painful punishment for them.”
May Allah not make anyone fall into that situation. May Allah bestow guidance to those who do fall. O, friends! We are striving for people to not to fall into that situation.
[3:79] “wa-ʾinna minhum la-farīqan yalwūna ʾalsinatahum bi-l-kitābi li-taḥsabūhu mina l-kitābi wa-mā huwa mina l-kitābi wa-yaqūlūna huwa min ʿindi llāhi wa-mā huwa min ʿindi llāhi wa-yaqūlūna ʿalā llāhi l-kadhiba wa-hum yaʿlamūn.”
“There is such a group from ahlul kitab (people of the book) that they will twist their tongues (as they read) the Book, so that you may think it is from the Book, whereas it is not from the Book.”
You see, they manifest what is not in the book as if it were from the book by twisting their tongues as they read, whereas it is not from the Book. There were people who did this to Bible and Torah.
They say, “It is from Allah,” whereas it is not from Allah. They look like they are reading Bible, but in fact it is not Bible. They make it look like a verse from Torah, but in fact it is not a verse from Torah. Janâb-i Haqq said: But they make it look like it is from Allah, but in fact it is not from Allah.
There were people who betrayed their Torah and their Bible.
“They speak lies against Allah, and do so wittingly.”
They were lying to Allah, while they are in the presence of Allah, but Allah sees everyone, and knows their inner worlds better than themselves.
Time Stamp: 4:40
[3:79] “mā kāna li-basharin ʾan yuʾtiyahu llāhu l-kitāba wa-l-ḥukma wa-n-nubuwwata thumma yaqūla li-n-nāsi kūnū ʿibādan lī min dūni llāhi wa-lākin kūnū rabbāniyyīna bi-mā kuntum tuʿallimūna l-kitāba wa-bi-mā kuntum tadrusūn.”
[3:80] “wa-lā yaʾmurakum ʾan tattakhidhū l-malāʾikata wa-n-nabiyyīna ʾarbāban ʾa-yaʾmurukum bi-l-kufri baʿda ʾidh ʾantum muslimūn.”
“It does not behove anyone that Allah should give him the Book, al-hukm (judgement), and prophethood, and then he should say to people, ‘Be my servants (qul) rather than Allah’s.’.”
No prophet has done that, and they can’t.
“Rather (he should say): ‘Be sincere servants of the Rabb; as you have been teaching the Book, and as you have been studying it.’.”
You see, that is what all the prophets have said. They said, “Be sincere servants of Allah.” They did not call people to serve themselves; they all called people to Allah.
“And he would never command you to take angels and Prophets as gods.”
No Prophet would command people to worship the angels and Prophets. They have never said something like that.
“Would he order you to deny after you have become Muslims.”
Bear this in mind, the Prophets always speak the truth.
[3:81] “wa-ʾidh ʾakhadha llāhu mīthāqa n-nabiyyīna la-mā ʾātaytukum min kitābin wa-ḥikmatin thumma jāʾakum rasūlun muṣaddiqun li-mā maʿakum la-tuʾminunna bihī wa-la-tanṣurunnahū qāla ʾa-ʾaqrartum wa-ʾakhadhtum ʿalā dhālikum ʾiṣrī qālū ʾaqrarnā qāla fa-shhadū wa-ʾana maʿakum mina sh-shāhidīn.”
Allah took a covenant from the Prophets: “Verily, I gave you Book and wisdom. Then, when a Prophet come to you, confirming what is with you, you must, then, believe in him and help him.
“Allah said, “Have you accepted?”.
Now, please pay close attention to this part of the verse. The entire world, especially the Christians and the Jews should pay close attention.
Allah said: ‘Have you accepted, and taken upon the burden of My covenant?’ They said: ‘We have accepted.’ Allah said: ‘Then bear witness; and I am with you among the witnesses.”
Now, this is quite important. We see that the Prophets, and the ummahs of the Prophets gave a promise to Haqq Taâla, or Allah. They promised that they will all believe in Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, and they will help him, for it was Muhammad who confirmed what is with them. This is the decree regarding belief, and witnessing the truth.
As you see, they backed down from the promise given to Allah and their Prophets. They invented Christianism and Judaism. Others became atheists, naturists, and etc. Just have a look at all the nations who do not approach Islam. Everyone had promised Allah that they will accept the prophethood of Muhammad. That is, all ummahs and all Prophets.
After Allah takes a covenant from a Prophet, the Prophet announces this to his ummah, and says to his ummah that a Prophet named Muhammad will come.
Janâb-i Haqq tells says, “Accept his religion (din) and start helping him the moment he comes.”
So, this is how Allah took the covenant of the Prophets, and then those Prophets announced this to their ummahs.
[3:82] “fa-man tawallā baʿda dhālika fa-ʾulāʾika humu l-fāsiqūn.”
“Then, after that, whoever turns away – it is them who are the defiantly disobedient (fāsiqūn).”
[3:83] “ʾa-fa-ghayra dīni llāhi yabghūna wa-lahū ʾaslama man fī s-samāwāti wa-l-ʾarḍi ṭawʿan wa-karhan wa-ʾilayhi yurjaʿūn.”
“Do they now seek a religion (din) other than the religion (din) of Allah? Whereas whatever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, has submitted to Allah. And to Him shall they all be returned.”
There is no religion (din) with Allah except Islam. The only religion (din) with Allah is Islam. And this reality (haqiqa) is manifested in this verse of Quran, and the other verses. Janâb-i Haqq announced to the world, and all humanity, with Quran, that the haqq din (true religion) is Islam. May Allah bestow upon all people the honour of believing in this truth.
You see, Quran is the Book of guidance. Quran is the Book of mercy. Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam gives you life, and makes you earn the eternal life. Those who have a share in these will be happy forever. As for those who do not have a share, they will be ruined. We supplicate again and again to Allah so that Allah may never let us go astray from iman (belief), Islam, Quran, and the sirat al-mustaqim (the straight path) on which Muhammad leads us. As for those who have not entered this path yet, may Janâb-i Haqq guide them towards this path, so that they may enter.
Time Stamp: 11:46
Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 85
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
Dearest and most revered listeners!
We strive for the salvation of all humanity, and for the tranquillity of the entire humanity. We wish to come to the help of all creatures. That is, all wronged and oppressed people. Surely, we work, and supplicate to Allah (c.c.) who is al-Qadir (All-Powerful) over everything, for the salvation of those people; and we wish to be able to go to their rescue. In the end, it is an obligation upon us all to supplicate and make dua to Allah with every fibre of our being for their rescue. In a way, the entirety of our being is a dua (supplication) to Allah. All the worlds are in state of dua (supplication) to Almighty Allah, and they are all in resignation. The real supplications (dua) were manifested in Al-Quran Al-Karim, and they were also uttered by Prophet Muhammad. Now, with all our sincerity (ikhlas), and with every fibre of our being, we will supplicate using the dua examples in Al-Quran Al-Karim. We will make dua (supplication) for all creatures, foremost the humanity. We will make dua (supplication) for the salvation of the entire Islamic world and humanity from the situation they are in.
We will make dua (supplication) for their happiness, and their salvation from zulm (tyranny); for this, we will make dua (supplication) with every fibre of our being, we will make physical dua (supplication), worship (ibādāt), vocal dua (supplication). We need to supplicate wholeheartedly, spiritually, and with all our secrets.
Now, the best way of this is to supplicate to Allah via Allah’s own words, and these are conveyed to us in the verses in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Almighty Rabb (Lord) is telling us how to supplicate by means of the verses of Quran, and the supplications (dua) in them.
Allah favoured us with many examples of dua (supplication) in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Allah taught us how to be of service to Allah in every matter.
That said, Prophet Muhammad settled Islam on earth in a flawless manner. He did that with a full competent tongue, a competent cadre, and he was the leader of that competent cadre. He also showed all types of implementation of it to the humanity. As for Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah, they followed this way up to this day. They recorded every bit, and protected the records. They recorded all of it in their hearts, in their memories, and in writings and books. What is more, all of the mujtahids and âlims of ours have mobilized up until now, and they protected this holy knowledge, and brought it up to us. And we need to deliver this knowledge to the next generations in full.
Now, let us convey you some of the supplication (dua) examples. Let us try to present these examples to you by our love towards our Almighty Rabb (Lord), and with the bestowments of Allah that arrived at us. Let us try to do this humbly.
For example, there is the last section of the 286th verse of Surah al-Baqarah. This verse is a supplication (dua) example with regards to the salvation of the humanity. There are narrations (rivayat) that suggest Janâb-i Haqq accepts these supplications (dua) that Janâb-i Haqq presented to Prophet Muhammad during miʿraj (the night journey), when one supplicates by reciting these dua.
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Therefore, let us supplicate by reciting these dua, and let us humbly give these examples of dua to the world, and everyone who has a naseeb (share) in it.
Bismillahirrahmanirrahim – بِسْــــــــــــــــــــــمِ اﷲِارَّحْمَنِ ارَّحِيم
[2:286] “rabbanā lā tuʾākhidhnā ʾin nasīnā ʾaw ʾakhṭaʾnā rabbanā wa-lā taḥmil ʿalaynā ʾiṣran ka-mā ḥamaltahū ʿalā lladhīna min qablinā rabbanā wa-lā tuḥammilnā mā lā ṭāqata lanā bihī wa-ʿfu ʿannā wa-ghfir lanā wa-rḥamnā ʾanta mawlānā fa-nṣurnā ʿalā l-qawmi l-kāfirīn.”
“Our Rabb! Take us not to task if we forget or make mistakes! Our Rabb! Place not upon us a burden as You placed on those who were before us! Our Rabb! Lay not upon us what we have no strength to bear! Excuse us and forgive us, and be merciful to us! You are our Master, so help us against the faithless lot!”
[3:1] “Alif, Lām, Mīm.
The above letters are one of the miracles of the Quran and none but Allah (Alone) know their meanings.
[3:2] “allāhu lā ʾilāha ʾillā huwa l-ḥayyu l-qayyūm.”
“Allah. There is no god except Allah. Allah is the Alive, the All-Sustaining.”
As for the following, these are the supplications (dua) of Ibrahim (a.s.) and Ismail (a.s.).
[2:127] “rabbanā taqabbal minnā ʾinnaka ʾanta s-samīʿu l-ʿalīm.”
“Our Rabb, accept it from us! Indeed, You are the All-hearing, the All-knowing.”
[2:128] “wa-tub ʿalaynā ʾinnaka ʾanta t-tawwābu r-raḥīm.”
“Turn to us clemently. Indeed, You are the All-clement, the All-merciful.”
Now, the following one is a general supplication (dua) for the believers (mu’minun). This is a supplication for this world and the next. This supplication (dua) is for those who will take their naseeb (share) in the world, and those who will take their naseeb (share) in the afterlife (ākhira). This is a dua that you all know.
Time Stamp: 10:10
[2:201] “rabbanā ʾātinā fī d-dunyā ḥasanatan wa-fī l-ʾākhirati ḥasanatan wa-qinā ʿadhāba n-nār.”
“Our Rabb, give us good in this world and good in the afterlife, and save us from the punishment of the Fire.”
The following dua is the dua of the army of the mujahideen who believe in Almighty Allah. There was a small number of soldiers in Saul’s army, and Davud (a.s.) was amongst the soldiers. They stood against the army of Goliath. They stood against a powerful army, and they clashed bravely, with their glorious imans (belief) in their hearts, and this is the dua that the mujtahids recited:
[2:250] “rabbanā ʾafrigh ʿalaynā ṣabran wa-thabbit ʾaqdāmanā wa-nṣurnā ʿalā l-qawmi l-kāfirīn.”
“O, my Allah! O, our Rabb! Rain down patience (sabr) upon us,” they said. “Give us sabat (firmness), and do not let our feet slip. Assist us against the faithless lot, and make us victorious over them,” they said.
As for the following dua, they are the duas of rasih ulama (competent âlims). They made the following duas against those who do not understand Al-Quran Al-Karim correctly, those who dwell on mutashabih (unclear) verses, and the people with crocked hearts who drifted apart from muhkam (clear) verses.
These duas should be recited every so often by every Muslim, and these are such duas that they have sincerity (ikhlas) in their spirit.
[3:8] “rabbanā lā tuzigh qulūbanā baʿda ʾidh hadaytanā wa-hab lanā min ladunka raḥmatan ʾinnaka ʾanta l-wahhāb.”
“Our Rabb! Do not make our hearts swerve after You have guided us, and bestow Your mercy on us. Indeed, You are the All-Munificent.”
[3:9] “rabbanā ʾinnaka jāmiʿu n-nāsi li-yawmin lā rayba fīhi ʾinna llāha lā yukhlifu l-mīʿād.”
“Our Rabb! You will indeed gather mankind on a day in which there is no doubt. Indeed, Allah does not break Allah’s promise.”
The following is the dua of the Disciples:
[3:53] “rabbanā ʾāmannā bi-mā ʾanzalta wa-ttabaʿnā r-rasūla fa-ktubnā maʿa sh-shāhidīn.”
“Our Rabb, we believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger, so write us among the witnesses.”
Time Stamp: 15:28
The following is the dua of Zechariah (a.s.), which is for those who wish for dutiful children. Surely, Al-Quran Al-Karim has the best example of supplication (dua), which teaches how to wish for offspring from Allah. Al-Quran Al-Karim has the examples of supplication (dua) with regards to how a person should wish from Allah a progeny that consists of faithful offspring who will work for the better good of the humanity. Al-Quran Al-Karim presented these examples of dua by the tongues of Prophet Muhammad, Ibrahim (a.s.), and Zechariah (a.s.). So, please pay close attention to these supplications.
[3:38] “rabbi hab lī min ladunka dhurriyyatan ṭayyibatan ʾinnaka samīʿu d-duʿāʾ.”
“My Rabb! Grant me a good offspring from You! Indeed, You hear all supplications.”
[19:5] “fa-hab lī min ladunka waliyya.”
“Grant me from Yourself an heir.”
[37:100] “rabbi hab lī mina ṣ-ṣāliḥīn.”
“My Rabb! Give me [an heir], one of the righteous.”
[37:101] “fa-bashsharnāhu bi-ghulāmin ḥalīm.”
“So, We gave him the good news of a forbearing son.”
The duas that we cited so far, and all values of the past and their examples can be found in Al-Quran Al-Karim, and in the person of Prophet Muhammad.
That said, the following supplication is a dua of the mujāhidīn, and each and every Muslim has to be a mujāhid. So, if a person is really Muslim, then he is a mujāhid.
[3:147] “rabbanā ghfir lanā dhunūbanā wa-ʾisrāfanā fī ʾamrinā wa-thabbit ʾaqdāmanā wa-nṣurnā ʿalā l-qawmi l-kāfirīn.”
“Our Rabb, forgive us our sins, and our excesses in our affairs, and make our feet steady, and help us against the faithless lot.”
As for the following duas, they are the dua of those who know the works of Almighty Allah in the worlds, who see the qudrah (omnipotence) of Almighty Allah, who contemplate deeply on it. These are the duas of who have aql-e-saleem (pure intellect), whose aql (intellect) is pure, and whose hearts are not rotten. These are the duas of those who see the qudrah (omnipotence) of Almighty Allah every time they look. These are the duas of those who admire, and those who announce their admiration.
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[3:192] “rabbanā ʾinnaka man tudkhili n-nāra fa-qad ʾakhzaytahū wa-mā li-ẓ-ẓālimīna min ʾanṣār.”
“Our Rabb, whoever that You make enter the Fire will surely have been disgraced by You, and the wrongdoers will have no helpers.”
[3:193] “rabbanā ʾinnanā samiʿnā munādiyan yunādī li-l-ʾīmān ʾan ʾāminū bi-rabbikum fa-ʾāmannā rabbanā fa-ghfir lanā dhunūbanā wa-kaffir ʿannā sayyiʾātinā wa-tawaffanā maʿa l-ʾabrār.”
“Our Rabb, we have indeed heard a summoner calling to faith, declaring, ‘Have faith in your Rabb!’ So, we believed. Our Rabb, forgive us our sins and absolve us of our misdeeds, and make us die with the pious.”
[3:194] “rabbanā wa-ʾātinā mā waʿadtanā ʿalā rusulika wa-lā tukhzinā yawma l-qiyāmati ʾinnaka lā tukhlifu l-mīʿād.”
“Our Rabb, give us what You have promised us through Your Messengers, and do not disgrace us on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed, You do not break Your promise.”
Now, the following is the dua of our father Adam, and our mother Hawwa. This is the dua and act of istighfar (seeking forgiveness) that our father Adam and our mother Hawwa made when they were driven out from Janna (Paradise) for they drew near the forbidden tree; they were driven out and commanded to descend down to earth, and that is when they made this dua.
Let us see how they supplicate, and there are reports (rivayat) that say our father Adam cried for three hundred years, during which time he asked for forgiveness.
[7:23] “rabbanā ẓalamnā ʾanfusanā wa-ʾin lam taghfir lanā wa-tarḥamnā la-nakūnanna mina l-khāsirīn.”
“Our Rabb, we have wronged ourselves! If You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.”
The following dua [after the information below] is the dua that Musa (a.s.) recited during his struggle against Pharaoh. This is the dua of Musa (a.s.) in his jihad (struggle) against Pharaoh with his brother Harun (a.s.).
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O, Muslim! Do not forget that within you, or against you, there are Pharaohs who burst with anger! That is that which burst with anger within your nafs (self) and your Iblīs (devil). If you do not inactivate your nafs (self) and your Iblīs (devil), and if you obey them, then there will be frustration for you.
Do you know what drove our father Adam out of Janna (Paradise)? That is the waswas (whispering) of Iblis, and there is also the ambition of the nafs (self) within one. It wants more and more. It wants to go further and further. It desires more and then much more, beware of this! When you recite the name of Adam (a.s.), know that the innate nature (fitrah) of all humanity is of the innate nature (fitrah) of Adam (a.s.), and that his innate nature (fitrah) is immaculate, for it is a fitrah that has been in Janna (Paradise). He was wrong once, and he forgot the divine commandment due to his inattention, and he was under the influence of waswas (satanic whispering). Do not forget that he was wrong once, and think about how many times you have been wrong. He was wrong only once, and he paid a heavy price for it. He paid a great price, and he was driven from Janna (Paradise), he was brought to the world, and he was stripped off of all the clothing of Janna (Paradise). He was up high, and then he was moved down.
Besides, Al-Quran Al-Karim [2:36] says: “Get down,”. He paid the price due to his single fault, then Janâb-i Haqq graced him with Janna (Paradise) again. As for you, you have been going back from the promise you have to Allah, and you have been doing many wrongs. So, bear this in mind! Do not blame others, and beware of your enemies that are both within you and out of you. Beware of your spiritual enemies, and the Pharaohs.
The imans (beliefs) are a single nation in the world, so are the kufrs (disbeliefs). Look what is within you. Look what your nafs (self) and your Iblīs (devil) is working toward. Educate your nafs (self) until it is content (mutmain). Do that by means of Quran, the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad, and the irshad (guidance) of Allah in Quran. And disable your Iblīs (devil).
Obey Allah, and hold fast to Allah. Supplicate to Allah by all manner of means. Cry out by saying aman, al-aman (أمان). Look to the lives of the Prophets, and drive lessons. Look to the lives of the awliya, and derive lessons! The Prophets and the awliya are the ones who supplicate most, and those who are careless are the ignorant and the ghāfilīn (heedless). Look at yourself, and get examined by Al-Quran Al-Karim. Take your heart to Quran, and have Quran examine your heart, and have it check your soul too. You see, Al-Quran Al-Karim is the remedy of the spirits and the hearts, it is the complete medicine, complete sustenance (rizq) of the hearts and souls. It is Al-Quran Al-Karim and Islam that gives the truly blissful life.
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Go and have yourself checked regularly, but to whom? You need to get checked by Al-Quran Al-Karim, Prophet Muhammad, and Allah. Allah sees you. What does Janâb-i Haqq say to you? Allah says, believe in Al-Quran Al-Karim with regards to creed, action, morals, jurisprudence; believe in Quran with every fibre of your being, and abide by it. Only then your heart, your soul, and your body will come to safety, and you will be happy.
Otherwise, your problem will be in your iman (belief). There will be an iman (belief) problem in your heart, and there will be something wrong with your iman (belief), and there will surely be a disability in your creed. If your heart is infected with batil (wrong) beliefs, then even if you go and visit all the psychologists of the world, they will have no knowledge regarding the matter. It does not matter if you go and visit all sociologists of the world, or if you go and visit all biologists in the world; there is not yet a cadre in the world that is able to study the spirit (ruh).
You see, Al-Quran Al-Karim is the Book of this world and the next. If you want your spirit (ruh) and your heart to be treated in real terms, if you want them to be purified and be cleansed, and if you want them to shine with the nūr (light) of tawhid (monotheism), then know that Janâb-i Haqq wants this. So, come to Al-Quran Al-Karim and get examined, and get treated there.
Janâb-i Haqq has incorporated all medicine in the universe, or rather an entire pharmacy, into Al-Quran Al-Karim. The prescription of this universal pharmacy is Al-Quran Al-Karim, and who applies the medicine is Prophet Muhammad (asw). As for the One who brought forth all of it, who created it all, and who wrote the prescription, it is none other than Allah. Do you think it is better to leave all this, and go after people who do not know of your heart, who do not know of your soul, who give prescriptions that are built on sand? If you wish to waste your lifetime that way, then it is up to you.
We have heard the supplication of our father Adam, and our mother Hawwa, now let us see how Musa (a.s.) supplicates.
[7:151] “rabbi ghfir lī wa-li-ʾakhī wa-ʾadkhilnā fī raḥmatika wa-ʾanta ʾarḥamu r-rāḥimīn.”
You see, Musa and Harun were against that Pharaoh. What did Musa say? He said, “My Rabb! Forgive me and my brother, and admit us into Your mercy. You are the most merciful of the merciful.”
Musa (a.s.) was supplicating by saying, “You are “ʾarḥamu r-rāḥimīn – most merciful of the merciful.”.
Now, let us see the dua and supplication of Yūsuf (a.s.):
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[12:101] “rabbi qad ʾātaytanī mina l-mulki wa-ʿallamtanī min taʾwīli l-ʾaḥādīthi fāṭira s-samāwāti wa-l-ʾarḍi ʾanta waliyyī fī d-dunyā wa-l-ʾākhirati tawaffanī musliman wa-ʾalḥiqnī bi-ṣ-ṣāliḥīn.”
“My Rabb, You have given me power to rule and the knowledge of interpreting events. O Creator of the heavens and the Earth, You are my guardian in this world and the next. Make me die as a Muslim and make me join the righteous.”
Now, what did Yūsuf (a.s.) say at the end of his dua? He said, “Make me die as a Muslim.” Bear this in mind! The goal is to live as a Muslim, and die as a Muslim. He was a Prophet, and he wanted to die as a Muslim, for all Prophets are Muslims, and they are venerable figures who were appointed in the religion (din) of Islam. May Allah send salaam (peace) upon them all. Peace be upon all Prophets. The imam (leader) of all Prophets, Sultan of Anbiya, and crown jewel of all awliya is our Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (asw); so salaat and salam (blessings and peace) upon on our Master as well.
That said, the following is a dua of Musa (a.s.), let us see what he has to say.
[7:155] “anta waliyyunā fa-ghfir lanā wa-rḥamnā wa-ʾanta khayru l-ghāfirīn.”
“You are our Master, so forgive us and have mercy on us, for You are the best of those who forgive.”
The following dua is the supplication of Prophet Shuʿayb:
[7:89] “wasiʿa rabbunā kulla shayʾin ʿilman ʿalā llāhi tawakkalnā rabbanā ftaḥ baynanā wa-bayna qawminā bi-l-ḥaqqi wa-ʾanta khayru l-fātiḥīn.”
“Our Rabb has encompassed everything with our Rabb’s knowledge. In Allah we place our trust. Our Rabb, decide between us and our people, with truth, and You are the best of all judges.”
And the following his how Nūh (a.s.) supplicated.
[11:47] “rabbi ʾinnī ʾaʿūdhu bika ʾan ʾasʾalaka mā laysa lī bihī ʿilmun wa-ʾillā taghfir lī wa-tarḥamnī ʾakun mina l-khāsirīn.”
“My Rabb, I seek refuge with You that I should ask You something of which I have no knowledge. If You do not forgive me and do not show mercy to me, I shall be among the losers.”
When Nūh (a.s.) made this dua, his son was dying in the flood that happened on that day. He supplicated to Allah with this dua on that day.
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Janâb-i Haqq had warned Nūh (a.s.). Nūh (a.s.) was feeling regret due to that warning, that why he said: “I seek refuge with You that I should ask You something of which I have no knowledge.” He had made dua for his son to be saved. Allah scolded him. Allah does not accept a person who lacks iman (faith) and good deeds as a son, and does not take that person as a servant (qul). Allah said, “He is not your son,” to Nūh. That is Janâb-i Haqq did not accept the disbelieving son as son of the believing father.
So, get your mind together, and side with iman (belief), and side with Allah. Do not ever be on the side of kufr (disbelief), shirk (polytheism), and zalimun (wrongdoers)! It does not matter if they are your parents, it does not matter if she is your aunt, it does not matter if they are your children, daughter or son-in-law. It does not matter how close they are to you, if they have kufr (disbelief), and if they have shirk (polytheism) then they are not from you, and you are not from them. Do not forge this! He who side with Allah cannot also side with kufr (disbelief); and he who side with kufr (disbelief) and shirk (polytheism) cannot side with Allah. Iman (belief) is with us, and we are with iman (belief). Islam is with us, and we are with Islam. As for kufr (disbelief), shirk (polytheism), and nifaq, they are not from among us, and we are not from among them. Besides, the Muslims have to place such a boundary between haqq (right) and batil (wrong) that this boundary shall continue to exist forever and ever. It is not you or I who set this boundary, but Janâb-I Haqq sets it. This is the boundary between the Janna and Jahannam. This is the boundary between iman (belief) and kufr (disbelief). This is the boundary between haqq (right) and batil (wrong). That is between haqq (right) and batil (wrong). We need to believe with every fibre of our being, and we need to good Muslims, and we should work towards the salvation of all humanity. Hidayat (guidance) is not from us. Hidayat (guidance) comes from Allah. If hidayat (guidance) could come from a servant (qul), then there is not a greater Prophet than Muhammad, and he loved his uncle Abu Talib, he insisted him to become a Muslim, but what did Janâb-I Haqq say? “O, Muhammad! You cannot guide whom you love,” said Allah. Hidayat (guidance) comes from Allah. Allah knows the hearts. Allah knows the spirits, for Allah created them all. Allah knows best to guide which heart. Allah knows best whom to favor, and in whose heart the light of belief will shine. Guidance is from Allah. Tawfiq (success) and rafiq are from Allah. We have recited the supplication of Shuʿayb (a.s.). We have also heard how Nūh (a.s.) supplicated.
In the end, just have a look. The following are among the duas of Ibrahim (a.s.). These are among the duas that we all recite when we are saying the salaam at the end of namāz (prayer).
[14:40] “rabbi jʿalnī muqīma ṣ-ṣalāti wa-min dhurriyyatī rabbanā wa-taqabbal duʿā.”
“My Rabb! Make me a maintainer of the namāz, and my descendants [too]. Our Rabb, accept my dua.”
[14:41] “rabbanā ghfir lī wa-li-wālidayya wa-li-l-muʾminīna yawma yaqūmu l-ḥisāb.”
“Our Rabb! Forgive me and my parents, and all the faithful, on the day when the reckoning is held.”
Now, the following dua is one of the duas of Prophet Muhammad.
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[17:80] “rabbi ʾadkhilnī mudkhala ṣidqin wa-ʾakhrijnī mukhraja ṣidqin wa-jʿal lī min ladunka sulṭānan naṣīra.”
“My Rabb! ‘Admit me with a worthy entrance, and bring me out with a worthy departure, and render me a favourable authority from Yourself.”
That said, the following dua is one that every Muslim can recite in any given environment.
[23:29] “rabbi ʾanzilnī munzalan mubārakan wa-ʾanta khayru l-munzilīn.”
“My Rabb, make me land a blessed landing, and You are the best of those who bring (someone) to land.”
These duas are completely from Al-Quran Al-Karim. They are both duas and ayat (verses) at the same time, including the following duas:
[25:65] “rabbanā ṣrif ʿannā ʿadhāba jahannama ʾinna ʿadhābahā kāna gharāma.”
“Our Rabb! Turn away from us the punishment of Jahannam. Indeed, its punishment is enduring.”
Then again, the following dua is among our Beloved Prophet’s duas, and it is also recited as nikah (marriage) prayer.
[25:74] “rabbanā hab lanā min ʾazwājinā wa-dhurriyyātinā qurrata ʾaʿyunin wa-jʿalnā li-l-muttaqīna ʾimāma.”
“Our Rabb! Grant us comfort in our spouses and descendants, and make us imams of the Godwary.”
This is the dua of Suleiman (a.s.). That is, Prophet Suleiman (a.s.), son of Davud (a.s.); this is his dua:
[27:19] “rabbi ʾawziʿnī ʾan ʾashkura niʿmataka llatī ʾanʿamta ʿalayya wa-ʿalā wālidayya wa-ʾan ʾaʿmala ṣāliḥan tarḍāhu wa-ʾadkhilnī bi-raḥmatika fī ʿibādika ṣ-ṣāliḥīn.”
“My Rabb! Inspire me to give thanks for Your blessing with which You have blessed me and my parents, and that I may do righteous deeds which may please You, and admit me, by Your mercy, among Your righteous servants.”
Moreover, the following duas personal duas of Musa (a.s.).
[28:16] “rabbi ʾinnī ẓalamtu nafsī faghfir lī fa-ghafara lahū ʾinnahū huwa l-ghafūru r-raḥīm.”
“Musa said, “O my Rabb, I have wronged myself, so forgive me.” So, Allah forgave him. Indeed, Allah is the most Forgiving, Very-Merciful.
[28:17] “rabbi bi-mā ʾanʿamta ʿalayya fa-lan ʾakūna ẓahīran li-l-mujrimīn.”
“O my Rabb! As You have favoured me, I will never be a supporter of the sinners.”
[28:21] “rabbi najjinī mina l-qawmi ẓ-ẓālimīn.”
“O my Lord, save me from the cruel people.”
This is the dua of Hamalat al-‚Arsh Angels (throne-bearers). These are the angels that bear ʿArsh (the Throne).
[40:7] “rabbanā wasiʿta kulla shayʾin raḥmatan wa-ʿilman fa-ghfir li-lladhīna tābū wa-ttabaʿū sabīlaka wa-qihim ʿadhāba l-jaḥīm.”
“Our Rabb! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge. So, forgive those who repent and follow Your way and save them from the punishment of Jahannam.
As you see, duas are being recited from the ninth heaven (arsh-ı âlâ) for the believers (mu’minun) on Earth. “O, our Rabb!” they say. The angels that bear the throne (arsh) say, “Your mercy and knowledge has encompassed everything.” They supplicate by saying, “Forgive all those who repent and follow Your way, and save them from the punishment of Jahannam.” They are supplicating for us, they are the Hamalat al-‚Arsh Angels (throne-bearers).
Then again, Musa (a.s.) supplicates by saying: [40:44] “wa-ʾufawwiḍu ʾamrī ʾilā llāhi ʾinna llāha baṣīrun bi-l-ʿibād.” – “I entrust my affair to Allah. Indeed, Allah sees best the servants.”
Bear in mind that life itself is completely dua (supplication).
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The heavens and the earth all bowed down to Allah. They are sustained by continuous command of Almighty Allah; this is how they find life. Besides, one may clearly see that all the worlds obey to Allah in resignation. Janâb-i Haqq’s commands, and manifestations of the names “l-ḥayyu l-qayyūm – the Alive, All-Sustaining” can be seen clearly throughout all the worlds. Whatever we have, all belongs to Almighty Allah, except the sins which are ours. That is why we should say “aman, al-aman (أمان),” day and night. That is, “I seek Your forgiveness, and I repent to You.”
You should continue supplicating, but do that by fulfilling your duty as a servant (qul). So, supplicate by observing your worship (ibādāt) properly. This is because duas must be made properly, with the heart, the spirit, and the body. When you do your worship (ibādāt), you are supplicating physically and bodily, and even if your heart, spirit, and tongue stops, you are still in complete submission to Janâb-i Haqq. That is, to wait for rescue, for it is Allah who gives you that life.
Your heart and spirit (ruh) shall supplicate to Allah with a complete iman (belief), and your tongue shall be their translator while reciting the dua. Otherwise, if you make dua without fulfilling your duties, the duas that are made just by tongue, if they belong to one does not do his/her duty, will not express anything. What does that dua mean anyway? Are you supplicating to say that you shall continue being rebellious? Are you reciting dua to announce that you are still rebellious? Is this how you ask for forgiveness?
You should try to fulfil your duties to the best of your ability, and one of the conditions of repentance and istighfar (seeking forgiveness) is to fully regret, another condition is to abandon evil acts/things, another is to observe the worships (ibādāt), especially the fard ones. One should make dua by doing these one by one.
As for life itself, it is completely dua, but it is a dua that is recited while working. Life is completely movement, an endeavour. Islam is completely dynamism.
In life, all the worlds are in motion. The entire realm is in motion, and it is serving the human. As for the humans, they are in motion with every fibre of their beings, and those who serve Allah, and work well shall be the Muslims.
If we explore Al-Quran Al-Karim well, and also try to understand it well, then by the favor of Allah our endeavours will be upgraded from good to best, and this shall continue. Muslims deserve daraja (rank/class). As for daraka (degradation), non-Muslims deserve it. Daraka is going down, and daraja is going up. That is why Islam is the religion (din) of daraja (rank/class). Islam will promote people non-stop, but this is for the Muslims who are under weigh. We are not talking about the lazy people who are indifferent, who abandon the religious obligations (fards), who live ignorant and ghafil (heedless) lives. We are not talking about those who neglect the divine values, those who think about nothing but their mouths and their gold. Their life-style is not an Islamic life-style anyway, ant it is certainly non-humane, and it is fair to say that their lives are even below that of the other creatures, for the other creatures have duties, and they perform their duties and their innate natures (fitrah).
An ant in the nature will do its duty, just like a sparrow, a pigeon, a hawk; whatever they were created for, they will do their duties. A person who does not do his/her duty is below all of them, and it is even fair to say that he/she is below the hyenas, and we do not need to give further examples. People are nominees of higher ranks/degrees. People were created for the utmost degrees and daraja (rank/class) not daraka (degradation). As for Jahannam (Hell), people have earned it themselves. Actually, as a necessity of the rahmat (mercy) of Allah, the essential creation, the basic concepts were Janna (Paradise), rahmat (mercy), iman (belief), and obedience. People, then, distorted their innate nature (fitrah), and deviated to kufr (disbelief). People themselves abandoned what is essential, for they distorted their own innate nature (fitrah) and went to kufr (disbelief) and wrongs; they choose what is auxiliary, and thus they earned it. They earned kufr (disbelief), shirk (polytheism), nifaq, and rebellion against Allah themselves. So, in return of their acts/deeds they earned Jahannam (Hell), which is such a pity!
So, renounce! Come, let us all renounce from the wrongs, and go back to Allah. But how will we go back? There are the ayat (verses) of Al-Quran Al-Karim, which are the laws and rules of the divine order that Prophet Muhammad brought. Islam became established on earth to teach these to us; so, this is fairly easy.
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Lā ʾilāha ʾillallāh, Muḥammad rasūlu llāh.
There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger.
Begin every work by reciting this. Enter Islam, through Allah’s door of rahmat (mercy). Islam is completely rahmat. Islam is completely mercy. It is complete happiness and bliss. Islam is salah (bless), falah (happiness), and najah (success). That said, Islam erases all sins of the past.
Our Prophet said, three things will erase the past. First, if a man becomes a Muslim, then all of his past sins will be erased. The second, if a person does hijra [i.e. migrates] his past sins will be erased. The third one encompasses people who live in complete repentance and istighfar (seeking forgiveness), and the martyrs are no exception here. So, martyrdom, hijra, and Islam.
Dearest, and most revered friends!
Erasing of the past sins is, of course, means of a complete salvation. Islam is completely rahmat (mercy). Islam is completely paradise. That said, as Islam is a complete divine and social justice, the advancements in Islam will always continue with science and belief, and in addition to this there should be good deeds (amel-i salih), for science (ilm), belief (iman), and good deeds (amel-i salih) will most certainly make one live the paradise on earth if they are all in order.
You see, this is Islam, the life-giving religion (din). It prepares you in this world for the life in Janna (Paradise). This will make your spiritual world happy, along with your heart. Besides, your abode in the next world will be highest layer of Janna (Paradise), and there is more. What is more is Jamal-i Ilahi (the Beauty of the Divine).
There is also this dua that is recited against nightmares and disasters: [44:12] “rabbanā kshif ʿannā l-ʿadhāba ʾinnā muʾminūn.” – “Our Rabb! Remove from us this punishment. Indeed, we have believed!”
One day, the world will be encompassed by a smoke, in Al-Quran Al-Karim it is referred to as “dukhān”. The afore supplication is a dua in Surah al-Dukhān.
[60:4] “rabbanā ʿalayka tawakkalnā wa-ʾilayka ʾanabnā wa-ʾilayka l-maṣīr”
“Our Rabb! In You do we put our trust, and to You do we turn penitently, and toward You is the destination.”
This is one of the duas that Muslims shall recite.
[60:5] “rabbanā lā tajʿalnā fitnatan li-lladhīna kafarū wa-ghfir lanā rabbanā ʾinnaka ʾanta l-ʿazīzu l-ḥakīm.”
“Our Rabb! Do not make us a trial for the faithless, and forgive us. Our Rabb! Indeed, You are the All-mighty, the All-wise.”
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You see, in the Great Gathering, as Muslims move toward Janna, the hypocrites (munafiq) and the deniers (munkir) want to benefit from the nūr (light) of the Muslims, but Janâb-i Haqq does not let them. Janâb-i Haqq does not let the hypocrites (munafiq) and the deniers (munkir) to have a naseeb (share) from the nūr (light) of the believers.
That said, this is the dua that faithful Muslims recite so that their nūr (light) may be complete.
Astaizu billah: [66:8] “rabbanā ʾatmim lanā nūranā wa-ghfir lanā ʾinnaka ʿalā kulli shayʾin qadīr.” – “Our Lord! Perfect our light for us, and forgive us! Indeed You have power over all things.”
Now, the following dua is the one that is recited when Nūh (a.s.) was calling to the ark, during the great flood. This ark of salvation in Islam itself at this time.
O, dearest friends! Do you want to be saved? Then board the ark of bliss that goes to Allah. Board the Islamic ark, and do not ever get out, for there is a great flood out there. Now, what is outside of iman (belief)? When you go out of iman (belief) there is a great flood. So, what is that great flood? That is kufr (disbelief), shirk (polytheism), and nifaq. It means to not to acknowledge the rulership of Allah, and to not to accept the laws of Allah. In the end, when you do not acknowledge these, faithlessness will occur, and you will be devoid of Islam, and when these things happen, you will be taken away by the great flood, and where do you think this flood will lead people? It has filled all their lives into Jahannam (Hell), is this not a pity? Now, about Nūh’s (a.s.) invitation to the ark, and his invitation to Islam, and salvation. Let us recite this dua.
[71:28] “rabbi ghfir lī wa-li-wālidayya wa-li-man dakhala baytiya muʾminan wa-li-l-muʾminīna wa-l-muʾmināti wa-lā tazidi ẓ-ẓālimīna ʾillā tabāra.”
“My Rabb! Forgive me and my parents, and whoever enters my house in faith, and the faithful men and women, and do not increase the wrongdoers in anything except ruin.
Sadaqa Allaah al-‚Azeem.
Now, what does Janâb-i Haqq say here in this verse of Quran? Now, let us talk about the contents of this dua.
“My Rabb!” said Nūh (a.s.), “Forgive me, my mother, my father, and these faithful men and faithful women who enter my house in faith. Forgive those who are in my house,” he said. “Erase their sins, and forgive them,” he said. “But increase the destruction of the wrongdoers (zalimun).” This is the dua of Nūh (a.s.). He said this for the people with sealed hearts, the kāfirs who decided to not to believe are all wrongdoers (zalimun). Nūh (a.s.) said, “Increase their destruction.” Not all wrongdoers (zalimun) are kāfirs, but all kāfirs are wrongdoers (zalimun). One should not forget that.
May Janâb-i Haqq make all our imans (belief) perfect and lasting, and make all our acts/deeds good, and admit us among the servants (qul) who work for the benefit of the humanity, and for the salvation in both worlds.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 86
Our live giving lectures continue. We are wish to find life, and in order to live the real life, we need to study the life-giving lesson. The way of doing is to master Al-Quran Al-Karim that is the complete life-source. Now, in the previous lectures we gave the core meanings of the verses between the 78th verse and 84th verse. We will make certain discoveries concerning these verses. We will give you discovery notes about them, and these are notes of life.
All Prophets gave a promise to Allah to believe and help Prophet Muhammad.” Do not forget this, this is narrated in these verses, and can be found in other verses too. Let me repeat, “All Prophets gave a promise to Allah (c.c.) to believe and help Prophet Muhammad. And they announce this to their people.”
That said, Musa (a.s.) announced this to his people, and Isa (a.s.) announced this to his people, and so did the other Prophets, they all announced this to their people. They knew that Prophet Muhammad will come to the world as the universal Prophet of the world. All past Prophets knew that Muhammad is the last Prophet. They knew he is The End-time Prophet, and they informed their people. Today, if someone says they do not accept Muhammad, and if they do not accept Quran, and if they do not become Muslims, then they are denying their own Prophets, and they are denying their own Books. Besides, at first, we need to forthrightly manifest the truth. Al-Quran Al-Karim speaks all truths, and we are sharing the truths of Al-Quran Al-Karim and its life-giving lessons with all humanity so that we may find life altogether, this is why we are sharing these truths. We are not among those who say, “I should know but no one else should know,” or “I should find life but someone else should not.” We are servants (qul) of Allah, this is us. That is why we aim to open our wings of mercy to each other, and we need to embrace each other with the riza (approval) and love of Allah, for this is the commandment. This is what Islam and Quran commands. What do they say? They say, “Bid the Real (al-Haqq) to the world.” This is where we may find life. You would be harming the entire humanity if you hide truth from them. This is the biggest of problems, they have built a barrier ahead of humanity, they depicted Muhammad as an enemy, they depicted Quran as an enemy, they depicted Islam as an enemy. In fact, some people placed Islam in the place of Warsaw Pact. What does this mean? This is nothing but suicide, this is betraying the humanity, and this is burning your own house. This means cutting the branch you are sitting on. This is the greatest evil act against all humanity. The mercy of Allah that is rahmat, and the life-giving and divine bounty of Allah which are Islam, Quran, and Prophet Muhammad are being depicted as enemies of the world by you.
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Islam is friend of all humanity. Islam is a rahmat (mercy) upon all humanity. You are declaring ilm (knowledge), irfan (learning), and real iman (belief) as enemy of the world, do not do this! You cannot afford standing against Allah. The armies of Azrail will take you away. Your organisations have no chance. Neither the whole of the east, nor the west, nor Warsaw Pact, nor NATO. These are worthless in the face of the armies of Allah. Yet they have a value, but when? That is when they all enter into the service of the Real (al-Haqq). So, what is the command of the Real (al-Haqq)? That is Islam. If you are not going to believe at all, then at least do not be an enemy. You may not believe, but do not tyrannise.
The armies of Allah are ready, they will catch you by your neck, and take your life by pulling it, and throw it to Jahannam (Hell). You cannot afford standing against the armies of Allah. It does not matter how advanced your weaponry is, your weapons are worthless against Allah. Your weapons cannot harm iman (belief), for people may die but their iman (belief) will go directly to Janna (Paradise) with their spirits, and you will end up in the depts of Jahannam (Hell) for killing them.
Stop being a killer. You are a certified killer, stop being one. Al-Quran Al-Karim says, “Whoever kills a soul is as though he had killed all mankind.” So, if you stop being a killer, then the terror in the world will either disappear or be at minimum. As long as you go with this massacre, exploitation, tyranny, and imposition, terror will always escalate, and you will get what you deserve. But you are causing great harm to the humanity in the meantime, so do not do this! I am telling these to you due to the social spirit, social justice, and mercy of Al-Quran Al-Karim because I feel sorry you. Besides, it is Allah who commands this. Allah commands us to bid Islam. That is, Al-Quran Al-Karim must be bid to the entire world. Gag-bits made of fire will be struck to the mouths of those who do not bid. They have all incurred the curse of Allah. As for those who do not bid, and those who will not, they will be struck by the curse of Allah. We endeavour to be beneficial to the humanity. We are also trying to fulfil the command of Allah by bidding Islam humbly. We are trying humbly to fulfil the command of Allah properly. Otherwise, the commandments of our Rabb are most exalted, and it is certainly impossible for powerless beings like us to completely fulfil the command. If we could say Allah the way Allah deserves, and if we could believe the way Allah deserves, and if we could be Muslims the way Allah deserves, surely the world would have been very different.
What did Allah say by the word “yalwūn – twist”? Allah says, “They twist their tongues.” Those who do not narrate Bible correctly, those who do not narrate Al-Quran Al-Karim, Torah, and past Scriptures correctly, twist their tongues for their own benefit; and those who do not speak the truth constitute a great impediment for the humanity today.
You see, these are the obstacles to real life. People of disbelief, and people of polytheism, always constitute a great impediment for haqq (right) and haqiqa (reality). Dalalet (heresy) is an obstacle to haqiqa (reality). Ignorance is an obstacle that lies ahead of ilm (knowledge) and irfan (learning). The circumstances and intellects of those who subject their aql (intellect) to their lust, desire, and idols of others are the real obstacle ahead of real aql (intellect). The real aql (intellect) is one that belong to those who unite their aql (intellect) and tawhid (monotheism). The way of aql-e-saleem (pure intellect) is one, and that way is sirat al-mustaqim (the straight path). That aql is the aql of those who have tawhid iman (monotheistic belief). That is the real aql (intellect). The way of aql (intellect) is one, they are the intellects that unite in the Oneness of Allah. Do you think you can refuse the Oneness of Allah and talk about aql-e-saleem (pure intellect), and talk about the straight path at the same time? There is not a second god other than Allah Ta’ala, for Allah is One. There is no other way, the only way is sirat al-mustaqim (the straight path). That is the way of Allah who is One. That is Allah’s own way that leads of Allah. The way that come from Allah and lead to Allah is sirat al-mustaqim (the straight path). This is Islam’s own path. This is the path that Islam drew. This way is Islam, which takes you to Allah.
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That is, a complete safety. So, act in unison with those who know the way, but who knows it? Prophet Muhammad knows that way. He knows the laws of Islam. He knows all the conditions, sharīʿah (law), plan and project of that way. So, take the road with those who know. Go to Allah with the leadership of Muhammad. What will happen if you take road with blind, ignorant, and faithless. They do not know the way; they will lead you astray. They will lead to streams of fire, and they will tumble you and themselves into the pits of fire, for this is what people of disbelief do. It is our obligation to save the humanity from them, and it is our obligation to save them as well. But can we save them? We may bid the truth to them, and they will be saved if they believe, for hidayat (guidance) comes from Allah. We do not impose; we can only offer the truth.
Moreover, there are venerable people such as Ibn Kathīr. Now, this is how Ibn Kathīr reports a narration that came from Ibn-i Abbas. “Do not take the merchandise of those who pay jizya (tax) unless they consent.” Now, the religion (din) of Islam impose a tax on people of other faiths when it founds its sovereignty, and that time forward, the safety of their lives, and the safety of their goods, the safety of their properties, their rights and liberties are under the protection of the religion (din) of Islam. Islam has taken them under protection the same way Muslims protect their own lives. There are no impositions in Islam. There is only haqq (right), haqiqa (reality), and tabligh (offer) in Islam, and these are seriously and sincerely implemented in the best possible way.
Allah said “ʾiṣrī – My Covenant” in 3:81. Allah said, “l-ʾasbāṭ – the descendants” in 3:84, this is the descendants of Ya’qub. There is also the word “ed-Dâllûn” which means “the bewildered in the desert of kufr (disbelief)”, which is those who are out of Islam. The word “ed-Dâllûn” means “the bewildered in the desert of kufr (disbelief)”. That said, let us say a person who abandoned the religion (din), felt regret, and now he/she wants to become a Muslim again, and this is actually pointed out in the 89th verse of Surah Ali ‘Imran. Now, this is a report (rivayat) that came from Ibn-i Abbas. So, in that case, if a murtadd immediately returns to iman (belief) and Islam, this will be a means for his own salvation. Otherwise, they will destroy themselves, both in this world and the next.
“They were jealous of him, for he came as an Arab.” Now, they were people who envied our Master, for our Prophet came as an Arab. This is a narration (rivayat) that came from Al-Tabari with regards to the 86th verse. What is right and real is right and real, it does not matter who brings it. This may be an Easterner or a Westerner, an Arab, or a non-Arab, it does not matter. Allah Ta’ala personally chooses the Prophets. Do you have a chance to ask Allah: “Why did you do this?” No one can have such a chance!
This is a new kind of rascality. To refuse a Prophet for he came as an Arab; who are you rejecting! By rejecting him, you are rejecting Allah who sent the Prophet, are you aware of this? You are rejecting Allah. What does it mean to reject a messenger? It means to reject the one who sent the messenger.
Is there a greater disbelief (kufr) in the world than this? The greatest act of kufr (disbelief) is to reject the One who sent the Messenger. It is Allah who sent Prophet Muhammad and Al-Quran Al-Karim. There is no doubt about that; and this is why there is no such thing as that he came as an Arab.
Isa (a.s.) is a Prophet of Israel. Musa (a.s.), Dawud (a.s.), and Suleiman (a.s.) are all Prophets who were born in the tribe of Bani Israel. They are Prophets, regardless of where they came from. They are the most valuable servants (qul) of Allah, and we send salaam (peace) upon them all. They are all present in our fundamentals (amantu), all Prophets.
So, the outcome is that they are all servants (qul) of Allah, and they are all children of Adam, are they not? Therefore, saying they came from here and there is nothing but fascism, racism, and segregation. This will only promote terror. What is the use of this other than pouring diesel on the fire of terror?
Do you have right to divide people, and tear them apart? It is just that the boundary between haqq (right) and batil (wrong) is one that is set by Allah, the Creator. There are those who acknowledge the Creator, and those who do not. There are those who acknowledge the sovereignty and laws of Allah, and those who do not. There are believers and disbelievers, but we are not drawing the dividing line here, for no one can draw it. It is Allah Ta’ala who draws the line, for what Allah says is right is right, and what Allah says wrong is wrong. The criterion, and the document are Al-Quran Al-Karim, and Prophet Muhammad.
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What was the measure before Al-Quran Al-Karim and before Muhammad? It was the Injīl, the Torah, Isa (a.s.), and Musa (a.s.), and who was it before them? It was the other Prophets. Who was it before them? It was the previous Prophets, such as Ibrahim (a.s.) and Nūh (a.s.).
That is why we should be careful about the distinction in the matter of haqq (right), batil (wrong), and kufr (disbelief). So, what is it? This is the distinction of haqq (right) and batil (wrong), and right and wrong. This is the distinction of profit and loss, and sickness and its cure. These are put forth by Janâb-i Haqq’s own measures, Allah brought forth the measure of haqq (right), and we must follow it. People who say they believe in Allah with every fibre of their existence must know what is right as right. They must know wrong as wrong, and they must object to all that is wrong, and they must be subject to the Real (al-Haqq). Besides, these are the necessities of being a servant (qul).
We are not servants (qul) of anyone other than Allah and we cannot. We say to all humanity, do not be servant (qul) to anyone, and let us be saved from idols and taghuts (false gods), and let us enter into the service of Allah. This is our endeavour and what we strive for, this is freedom, this is liberty, this is eternal independence, this is eternal salvation, this is ascension to heavens, this is advancement, this is development, this is ascent. As for advancing in kufr (disbelief), it is istidraj (gradual destruction), it will lead to Jahannam (Hell). So, what is the situation of Iblis? Iblis is quite successful, but towards what? He is advancing rapidly towards the depths of the deepest points of Jahannam (Hell). He is successful in kufr (disbelief), and this goes for all successful disbelievers (kāfirs). There are those who have a success in istidraj (gradual destruction), and there are those who ascend in karamat (wonders), and taraqqi (advancement), and iman (belief).
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Do not confuse nūr (light) and nār (fire). Nūr (light) is the light of the right and reality (haqiqa). As for nār (fire) it is fire. They confused nūr (light) and nār (fire). They call nār (fire) as nūr (light), and vice versa. This went so far that the track of the righteous and the track of others who follow him got mixed, but in Islam no one will confuse these. Al-Quran Al-Karim is more vivid, and it is more luminous than nūr (light). All values that are truer than the truth can be read in Al-Quran Al-Karim and the person of Prophet Muhammad (asw).
Those who stone themselves in dark. Fathers. They kill their families. What do these people who speak ill about Prophet Muhammad do? They are the ones who stone themselves in darkness. Muhammad is under the protection of Allah Ta’ala, he is in the praised station (Al-Maqam Al-Mahmud). Islam and Al-Quran Al-Karim are under the protection of Allah, and they shine through the spirits of all believers all the time. Islam is the eternal and fadeless light; it will continue shining forever. We say to all humanity, let us unite in the bright and fadeless light of Islam. Otherwise, we are not among those who say, “I will live, and I will be happy, but I do not care what happens to you.”. This is not us.
Our iman (belief), and our conscience will not allow that, but if you do not accept, then there will be no imposition, for we cannot force you. Allah is All-Wise. Now, pay attention to the concepts rabbani (divine), and rabbaniyyun (godly people)! Rabbani (divine), and rabbaniyyun (godly people). Be sound with judgement (hakim), be knowledgeable (âlim), and be forbearing (halim). The 146th verse makes mention of rabbaniyyun (godly people). We see the true servants (qul) who are under the command of their Rabb, this is the point. Rabbaniyyun (godly people) are true servants (qul), under the command of rabbani (divine). As for “murabbi” it means “educator – chastener”.
Some deniers (munkirun) repent and adopt iman (belief). The others die as murtadd, kafir, and people of kufr (disbelief). Bear this in mind. Some deniers (munkirun) repent and adopt iman (belief), while the murtadd do not renounce from their abjuration. So, all murtadd, kāfirs, and people of kufr (disbelief) who do not repent are the ones who will die with kufr (disbelief).
That said, in a narration (rivayat) of Bukhari’s Sahih Muslim: “They ask a person who earned Jahannam, ‘Had you had all the wealth on earth, would you have given all of it today, for your salvation?’.” This is important, “They ask a person who earned Jahannam, ‘Had you had all the wealth on earth, would you have given all of it today, for your salvation?’.” Let us see how he replied. The narration says he will say “yes”. Allah Ta’ala says, I had wanted less of it from you.
As for you, you gave a promise, saying you will not practice polytheism, and this was when you were in the loins (sulb) of your father, in qālū balā. Yet you did not adopt anything but polytheism in the world. It is said, “Now, enter Jahannam.” What did Janâb-i Haqq wanted from people on Earth? Allah wanted tawhid iman (monotheistic faith) foremost.
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Allah did not want your entire wealth either, but linked it to fazilat (virtue), and told you to give 1/40 of it as zakat (almsgiving), and Allah told you to go to Hajj (pilgrimage) once in your life. “Earn in my way, and spend in my way,” said Allah. Allah told you to do good (khayr) with the surplus of what you need.
A man in the mahshar (gathering) who realizes he is going to Jahannam (Hell) is ready to give the entire world if he had it in his possession, without batting an eye, for his salvation. Yet today, people do not adopt iman (belief), practices polytheism (shirk), do not give zakat (almsgiving), do not do worship (ibādāt), and escapes namāz (prayer). Alright, but what will you do in the mahshar (gathering)? Be smart. Get your mind together, and want guidance (hidayat) from Allah. We are announcing Islam, but you should ask guidance from Allah. We ask for guidance in your name, but you should too. We want your salvation, but you should want your salvation as well.
Say, “My Allah! Admit me among Muslims, and bestow upon me iman (belief).” Say, “Bestow upon me Quran, and make me live a life by fully believing in it.” Say, “Do not let me astray from tawhid iman (monotheistic faith).” Start your work by saying these.
People want gold, they want money. They say, “O, Rabb! Give only to me!”. Yet they do not know what iman (belief) and Quran are. They only want things from Allah, does not matter if its halal (lawful) or haram (sinful), they are fine with it. No good will come from such mindsets.
You should ask for what is halal (lawful), ask for iman (belief), ask for Islam, ask for Quran, ask for tawhid iman (monotheism), ask for ikhlas (sincerity). Ask for the faith that shall save you from all dangers; and seek refuge with Allah from disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), and nifaq every day.
Get your mind together! If you deny one of the Messengers, then you deny all of it. Bear this in mind! Do not ever deny anyone of the Messengers, for if you deny one of the prophets, then you deny all of them, which means to deny Allah. Do not every deny the Prophet, for it is Allah who sent him; and it is said that if you deny the Messenger, then you deny Allah. Who says that? Our mufassirs (exegetes) said it. If you request a name, you may look to the works of Al-Qurtubi, Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, and Elmalılı. You may find these if you open 398th page of the Volume II of Elmalılı’s book.
That said, the 18th verse of Surah al-Nisa reads: “There is no repentance for those who say they repent when death faces them.” You cannot repent while dying, for the veil has lifted before your eyes, and sakarat al-mawt (unconsciousness) has begun. Azrail came, and became visible to you, and you realized that you will die, from then on repentance and adoption of faith are not valid.
“There is no repentance for those who died as disbelievers (kāfirs) either.” Now, think of a man who died as a kafir, but he started repenting as he was dying. That repentance is not valid. The gates of repentance are always open before the hour of death comes; one may use the opportunity to repent, or not. Our Prophet says that people will die the way they live. So, if you lived your life recklessly, bumbling, and by playing games, then the Shaitans who will come at your hour of death will start doing the same in your presence. They will start setting start setting liquor tables, and bring naked women or men. They will start opening bottles of wine and raki as you are dying, and you will die the same way you have lived your life.
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As for a Muslim who lived his life with iman (belief), and by abiding by Quran; angels will come at his hour of death. Angels will come to the hour of death of the one who lived by iman (belief), Quran, and the real advice and admotion of Allah. Shaitans will also come, but they will not be able to draw near, for this person lived his life by iman (belief), and Islam. Therefore, he will die the way he lived. He will die bearing iman (belief) and Islam. The exceptions do not break the rule here. Another religion (din) other than Islam is not accepted. The world has one religion (din) since creation of the humanity, the heavens and the earth. The world has one religion (din) since Adam (a.s.) and Hawwa (a.s.), and that is Islam. Islam is the religion (din) of all humanity, and all the Prophets are Islamic Prophets. Do not forget this, we have been pointing this out on a regular basis! Allah is One. There is only one religion (din). There is only one sirat al-mustaqim (straight path). Do not ever consider the religions other than Islam, for they are batil (wrong) religions made-up by people. They are batil (wrong) religions, and we should not even call them religions, but we are using this term so that people may understand the narrative. Otherwise, there are no religions (din) on Earth other than Islam. Musa, Isa, Injīl (Bible), Torah, Psalm, the Scriptures, Ibrahim, Nūh, Adam and all the Prophets were commissioned in the religion (din) of Islam. They are all Islamic Prophets.
Those who became Muslims are okay, but we should bid to those who did not; as for those who deny, it is their decision. This world is a test field. Allah is testing us with everything in the world, and each breath we take. Allah is granting at least two blessings upon us with every breath we take, and there are much more blessings (nimet) of Allah that we do not know. That is, Allah gives us life, and saves us from death with each breath, so we need to thank twice for each breath.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 87
Our life-giving lectures continue. Islam gives life to people as they live, and Janâb-i Haqq will bestow upon them endless life, as this is the case with the martyrs. The martyrs, when they give their last breath, they pass away by tasting immortality, and they do not feel any pain. Now, let us read the following poem to remember our martyrs.
You, who destroyed the onslaught of the last crusade,
from the dearest sultan of the East, Saladin,
and from Kılıç Arslan who earned high accolade.
You who took the iron hoop hemming Islam in,
and shattered into pieces on your own strong breast.
You with whose spirit move the legends of your name.
The iron hoop that robbed Islam of all its rest;
Ages of history overflow with your fame…
No more these horizons for you no more this test…
Martyr son of martyr ask me not for a grave,
The Prophet (asw) open armed awaits his warrior his warrior brave.
Who can dig a sepulchre great enough for you?
History itself, say I, cannot contain you.
That book records the epochs upturned in this race…
Eternities are needed to give you your place.
My Allah rest the souls of all our martyrs in peace.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 88
Throughout history, some thought they could extinguish the right and reality (haqq and haqiqa). Throughout history, the tawagit (tyrannical powers) always did the best they could do. Yet, they were struck by the Real (al-Haqq), and they learned their lesson.
As you know, one day Romanos IV Diogenes uttered the following words against the Islamic army, against Alparslan.
“I shall burn the Quran, and demolish the Kaaba,
He who came east not see the dome with the minaret.”
That is what Romanos IV Diogenes said. Now, let us see how Alparslan replied; the lion of Allah, the soldier of Allah.
“Minarets are our bayonets, domes are our helmets,
mosques are our barracks, and believers are our troops.
This godly army shields its religion (din),
with tawhid (monotheism) in the tongues,
Saying: ‘Allah-u Akbar! Allah-u Akbar!’.”
Those who know the Real (al-Haqq) know, and those who do not know should know.
“Had seas and clouds poured forth armies and fleets,
had all volcanos erupted from beneath our feet,
had they overflow and extend over the horizons,
we’ll see a red shaking the horizons.
The faith in our front is one,
rejoice, pain, goal, and conscience are one.
The hearts in our front, that are struck one by one,
they will not go down.
This front will not shake,
even if the universe collapse.
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Al-Quran Al-Kareem – Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 89
Unbeknownst to you this ground,
You come and tread on, is where an epoch lies;
Bend down and lend your ear, for this silent mound,
Is the place where the heart of a nation sighs.
For liberty and honor, it is, in pain.
This is where wounded Mehmet laid down his and fell.
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