Turkish English Tafsir Lesson 98-103
Al-Quran Al-Karim Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 98
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
Now, just have a look at the history. We see that throughout history, even the golden pens were mesmerised by the history of Islam. So, have a look at this glorious history. Have a look at the nation of Islam that established world domination. Look at Muhammad’s ummah. Look at Muhammad’s nation. Look at the monotheistic nation.
It has been fourteen centuries. The world has not seen such a history since its creation. Such a just and righteous rulership has not been seen. Have a good look at the last fourteen centuries. In such a short period of time, in an 8-year period, we have seen that the Arabic peninsula has been cleansed of idols extremely quickly.
Next, see how Islam has spread to Tripoli, see how Islam has spread to Transoxiana, see how Istanbul was conquered. Next, see the situation of the Kisras of the Persian Empire, and see the situation of Byzantium. Take a look at the lightning fast victories. What did they bring to humanity? They went to save the humanity, and ensure the reign of peace. They have lived under the sovereignty of the divine commandments that order protecting the lives of every nation the same way they protect their own lives, for fourteen centuries. If there have been people who have done wrong, then their mistakes are theirs. It has nothing to do with Islam. Islam is the name of the divine justice, the divine laws, and all that is glorified. If you’re after the crimes, then seek the criminals. Allah or Allah’s laws cannot be blamed.
That is why our Almighty Rabb announced Al-Quran Al-Karim to us. Allah says that Quran is an advice from Allah.
[3:139] “wa-lā tahinū wa-lā taḥzanū wa-ʾantumu l-ʾaʿlawna ʾin kuntum muʾminīn.”
“Do not weaken or grieve: you shall have the upper hand, should you be faithful.”
See what this verse is about, and understand how the wisdom in this verse have been manifested in the last fourteen centuries. See the world and the heavens that is in this ayah (sign/verse). The verses of Quran incorporate this world and the next into itself.
Now, what did Allah say here? “Do not weaken or grieve,” said our Almighty Allah to the believers. Allah said this to all Muslims: “Do not weaken or grieve, if you truly believe, then you surely have the upper-hand.” Allah said, “Surely you will have the upper-hand”, but there is a precondition here. Allah says, “If you truly believe”. So, you need to truly believe in Allah.
You need to know Allah well through Allah’s perfect attributes, Allah’s holy names, and Allah’s own Book, and Allah’s works, and you shall enter into Allah’s service. If you do this, then there will be no weakness or grievance. True iman will be manifested and then supremacy will be manifested. This is described by the verse of Quran. This is a short verse but it brims over with wisdom. It would take forever to disclose the whole meaning of this verse if we tried. This goes for other verses too; we are trying to convey the essence to you. It would even be correct to say that we have given preliminary notes from our notes. That said, we wish we’ll be able to make further discoveries if we live enough, and of course we ask for our Rabb’s permission, generosity, and favor for this. The whole purpose of everything we want is to be beneficial to people. We do not have any goal other than earning the approval (riza) of Allah, and being beneficial.
Time Stamp: 5:10
Janâb-i Haqq said:
[3:140] “ʾin yamsaskum qarḥun fa-qad massa l-qawma qarḥun mithluhū wa-tilka l-ʾayyāmu nudāwiluhā bayna n-nāsi wa-li-yaʿlama llāhu lladhīna ʾāmanū wa-yattakhidha minkum shuhadāʾa wa-llāhu lā yuḥibbu ẓ-ẓālimīn.”
[3:141] “wa-li-yumaḥḥiṣa llāhu lladhīna ʾāmanū wa-yamḥaqa l-kāfirīn.”
Allah said, “If a wound afflicts you in Battle of Uhud, then a similar wound afflicted those people in Battle of Badr. And these vicissitudes/days, we rotate them among people. This is so that Allah may mark out who have believed among you, and that Allah may take witnesses among you, and that Allah may purify the believers, and destroy the disbelievers. Allah does not like zalimun – the wrongdoers.”
Now, every kāfir (disbeliever) is a zalim (wrongdoer). However, I shall note that not every zalim is a kāfir, for there have been wrongdoing zalims, and they were not all kāfirs. They have been struck, and will be struck by a punishment of Allah in return of their sins.
May Janâb-i Mevlâ bestow upon all Muslims ability to understand, discover, and comprehend Al-Quran Al-Karim, along with Islam, and Prophet Muhammad. Also, may Allah make us understand, and convey all of it to the humanity in the best possible manner.
The treasures in Islam are all for the benefit of humanity. Finding life and helping others find life is through knowing and living these truths. Knowing is not enough, for one needs iman (belief) and good deeds (amel-i salih) as well. One has to endeavour to live Islam the way Almighty Allah wanted. That said, the conditions are: the pureness of the heart, pureness of the soul, to purify the heart and the soul from all evil, to be cleansed, and to be completely purified. These are the conditions.
Now, we’ll give you certain discovery notes, which will help us disclose the meanings of the verses to a certain extend so that you can understand better. Now, let me briefly remind you of Battle of Badr so that you’ll understand it better.
It was the 27th day of Ramadan al-Shareef, and it was Friday. Please pay close attention now. It happened on the 27th day of Ramadan al-Shareef; it was Friday. And it was the second year of Hijra.
“Wa antum ezilletun,” – “You are weak.”
This was the first battle of Islam. There were too few believers. Muslims did not have any funds, and they were not powerful. They did not have soldiers, weapons, tools; they did not have anything. But on the other side, they had the most powerful army of their age.
Now, please note that Muslims consisted of 310 men. There were 77 muhajirs (immigrants) among them who were led by Ali. The other 236 men were from the ansar (helpers) and they were led by Sa’d bin Ubada. Radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. There was roughly one camel for 3 or 4 people, and Mikdar Merset had a horse but there are reports that say he had two horses.
Muslims had 90 camels, and 6 suits of armour, and 8 swords. You see, this battle was won by 8 swords and 6 suits of armour. These were what they could gather on that day against the massive army of the enemy. This was because of the circumstances they found themselves in those days. They enemy had 1000 men, they had 100 horses, and they were armed well, and they were in full-strength. Yet they still lacked something: Allah’s help was with the believers.
Time Stamp: 10:48
And all the armies of evil, polytheism, disbelief, and shaitan were on the side of the enemy. There is such a difference between the two forces. Now, keep this in mind, because only iman (belief) can spot this difference, and kufr (disbelief) cannot see it. This is because disbelief (kufr), polytheism (shirk), ignorance, and oversight can see nothing but the apparent power of the enemy. They claim they have a strong army. They say they should side with them for they have more weapons. As a matter of fact, some people who acted like Muslims were deceived by it, and they sided with the enemy. They were in the ranks of Abu Jahl’s army.
In fact, many relatives of the Prophet were in the enemy ranks, for Islam was just starting to shine. Even one of the sons of Abu Bakr, and a relative of Umar was on the other side. Their relatives were on the side of the enemy. You see, they wanted to kill the Prophet, along with people like Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. Do you see what lengths they go to kill such people? They were in the enemy ranks.
Why were they on the enemy side? This was because they claimed the enemy was stronger. This was because they lacked faith. They could not see the power of Allah for they lacked faith. Iman (belief) is required to see the unlimited power and omnipotence of Allah Ta’ala. And submission to Allah is required. One needs to see the Book that is Quran, the names of Allah, the attributes of Allah, and the works of Allah well, in order to understand, but these are not found in disbelievers and hypocrites.
Besides, had the hypocrites knew the truth, they would have realized and do not side with enemy. They should not have been deceived by the sheer power, the size of army, or the number of weapons, yet they did.
Now, let us see what happened. Abu Jahl was defeated with the help of Allah. On that day, the commander of the enemy was Abu Jahl. He was the commander of the army of polytheists and hypocrites. At the end of the battle Abu Jahl and his top brass were beheaded, and they were thrown into a disused Well in Badr, and they were driven to Jahannam. The power of belief was manifested.
At first, 1000 angels arrived, and it is reported that these angels had fought, and our mufassirs accept this report. This truth is disclosed in the 9th verse of Surah al-Anfal. The angelic army came for aid, and then 3000 more angels came, and after that 5000 more angels came riding white horses, wearing yellow, white, black turbans, as narrated.
The consensus of the mufassirs say the angels personally participated in the fight against the enemy. There are also narrations that say 1000 angels participated in the fight, and the others were present to boost the confidence of the Muslims. These narrations came from Ibn-i Abbas. Radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain.
Now, what are the lessons we should derive from what happened on that day? We need to pay attention to this question now.
Time Stamp: 14:53
– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Karim Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 99
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
Think about the lessons we could derive from this! First, we see that the enemy was much more numerous. There was a small Islamic force against them, and the enemy was numerous, and Muslims were a minority compared to them. Like I’ve said before, they only had eight swords. It is also reported they had six armour. They fought the enemy with these. Do you see the importance of character and traits? This is where they are manifested. Now, the sovereignty belongs to whom? The command belongs to whom? Help comes from whom? Amnesty and mercy come from whom? See, all of it is from Allah. Sovereignty belongs to Allah, should you know.
The command is from Allah. Help is from Allah, and all amnesty and mercy are from Allah.
Now, whose mind (aql), or whose heart shall affirm this? Of course, the faithful heart that knows Allah shall affirm it. As for the ones who deny Allah, what do they see? They only see what is apparent (zahiri), and they cannot see past it; they just look. They do see the material but they cannot see the meaning. They do see the creatures but they cannot see the Creator. They do see the servant (qul) but they do not see the one who created him. You see, they do not see that all that they see in the servant (qul) is given by Allah.
This mindset is blinder than a visually impaired person. Theirs is a reactionist mindset. Their mindset is outdated. This mindset is the abode of attacking the truth, monstrosity, and violence. Science merges with faith and sees Allah, and thoroughly see and understand the omnipotence of Allah.
The faithful hearts affirm that absolute sovereignty belongs to Allah, that the command is from Allah, that help is from Allah, that amnesty is from Allah, that mercy is from Allah, and everything is from Allah.
They did not have much, but this was all they had on that day. So, what did Janâb-i Haqq say? Allah gave the command that they should prepare whatever equipment is necessary on that period of time to overcome the enemy. In other words, we must be prepared. Janâb-i Haqq did not tell Muslims to just relax and don’t do anything, and confront the enemy with only eight swords, it is just that it was all they had on that day.
As for today, we need to have whatever technology is required by the age we live. We need to have the most modern equipment to have the upper-hand against the enemy. We need to prepare our forces, be prepared, and be cautious. We should not be unwary not even for a single second! But why should we have such a force? We should have it to save the world from tyrants and wrongdoers, and to ensure the reign of peace, tranquillity, and divine justice in the world. We do not have any other goal or purpose. Allah’s sovereignty must be known. The divine justice has to be ensured. Safety and peace in the world must be ensured. Then, the hearts with shine with faith instead of disbelief, polytheism, or nifaq. This is not by forcing people either. People who live under the rulership of Islam will accept the truth through deep thinking, for they will see the truth, and then they will accept the Real (al-Haqq) by their own free-will. However, this safety and peace is not possible without the divine sovereignty of Islam is ensured.
Time Stamp: 05:05
Some live in the realm of lords, they have been cheating the billions off their rights. It is due to that exploitation that their blood has become toxic. The blood of those who bled the humanity white has toxic and septic blood. They have been cheating the humanity off their rights.
Besides, they are worse than vampires. Do not look for other vampires to blame, nor look for any other cannibal. People do not only turn into cannibals by eating a few people, but those who devour the rights and liberties of the billions are more cannibalistic the actual cannibals. They are more vampirous than the vampires themselves.
Give back the rights of the humanity. Ensure the social peace. A heart that says it should have all and does not care about the others does not have a real conscience.
Those in power should come together because it is their duty to work to achieve divine justice in the world. However, it is the duty of the whole world to assist them in this as they work to achieve the manifestation of this divine justice.
That is why Muslims should have perseverance (sabr)! Muslims should follow the way of Allah by perseverance (sabr), by fear of god (ittiqa), by the struggle of the self, by good morals, by chastening your inner world, and by the education of the self. That is, Allah’s way. However, everyone calls their own way the right way. It seems that everybody named their own way that goes like a snake as the right way. See, Allah is One, and the line that Allah drew is the right way, which goes through Quran, and goes through Islam. This is the way that goes straight to Allah, with the leadership of Muhammad (asw).
People say their way is the right way. People say they follow the straight path, but then start zigzagging. They say they do but their action reveals the truth under their words. There is no straight path without knowing Allah and by denying the way of Allah. The straight path is the sirat al-mustaqim.
See, a Muslim recites Surah al-Fatihah at least forty times a day in the five times of prayer. He says, “ihdinā ṣ-ṣirāṭa l-mustaqīm.” What does it mean? It means, “O, my Allah! Guide us on the straight path.”
Once you have known Almighty Allah by the holy names and attributes that belong to Allah, you need to perform your duty as a servant (qul) by saying, “You alone we worship, and you alone we turn for help.” As you see, help is requested after you have done your duty. See, the help wanted is [1:6] “ihdinā ṣ-ṣirāṭa l-mustaqīm”.
In this verse the believer wants the sirat al-mustaqim. This straight path is the path of those to whom Allah bestowed bounty and pure love. Mūnamun alayhim. This sirat al-mustaqim is the right path that Islam and Quran has shown. It is the right way, for Islam renewed all the past sharias (laws). Janâb-i Haqq has always renewed the sharia (law) of the past by sending a new Messenger. Then, Allah sent another Messenger and another Book. So, what did Allah do with the next Messenger and the next Book? Allah sent them to renew the previous sharia (law) again.
Islam came last, and the Book is Al-Quran Al-Karim, and the last Prophet is Prophet Muhammad (asw), that is why Islam has renewed all the past sharias (laws). It is Almighty Allah who renewed the past sharias (laws), for Allah appoints the duties. Allah sends the commandments and laws to the appointed. See, this is why Prophet Muhammad was sent to all the worlds as a universal Prophet. He renewed the past completely. The religion is Islam, and there is no other religion, but as conditions of time changed, what did Janâb-i Haqq do? Allah renewed the sharias (laws) as times and conditions changed.
In the end, Allah created Islam with such reforms that it incorporates all times into its structure. There is nothing Islam will be unable to answer in any age. Islam itself brought a solution to the problem of all humanity. This is because it is the last Book. It is a unique miracle. The ages are folded inside it. Over time, new conditions emerge, and no matter what happens, the answer is present in Quran. The Quran is newer than the ages, it is always new. It does not become old; it renews. There is divine knowledge in Quran. There is divinity in Al-Quran Al-Karim and the lightful Islam.
Time Stamp: 10:52
The mujtahids will come together, and what when it is required in any setting, they will utilize deductive analogy (ijtihad). So, you will gather all the mujtahids in the world, and bring them together, and this way you will make a consultative council (shura). This will be the consultative council (shura) of mujtahids. That is the essence of community consensus (ijma-i ummah).
When that is accomplished, the community consensus (ijma-i ummah) becomes a valid proof. It is the third essential proof, and the provisions that come out of this consensus will constitute the fourth proof which will be analogical reasoning of the jurists (qiyās-i fuqahā).
Islam has all the treasures, but if you do not open its gates, and if you do not disclose the treasures, then you will not know about them, because you do not discover them, for you do not open its door. And then you claim that Islam is outdated where actually your mindset is outdated.
Come to belief (iman), and save yourself from backwardness, and explore Islam. There is nothing that is not present in Al-Quran Al-Karim. Janâb-i Haqq say the following by counting the vehicles of the past: “And Allah will create many that you do not yet know.” You can open verse 16:18 of Quran and see this!
See, Al-Quran Al-Karim has informed humanity fourteen centuries ago about the invention of the planes, all land air and see transport vehicles, and how all motor vehicles will be created. There are so many things in Quran, and if you do not understand, then what can Al-Quran Al-Karim or Islam do?
Someone may have informed you, but if you did not give ear, and if you do not know Islam, then this is not Islam’s fault. Can you blame Al-Quran Al-Karim for your inattention? You claim Islam is outdated whereas Islam came to save the entire world from ignorance.
Islam came for science, and Islam established the scientific movement itself. Islam is the locomotive of science. Islam started with the word “iqraʾ – read”. Islam says, “read” and “recite to others”. This word has two meanings. What is meant by read and have others read is to convey the meaning of Quran to the self. Reading and reciting are duties of Muslims. Only then you’ll fulfil the command “iqraʾ – read” but first you need to know what to read. What does it mean to deny Allah, and say you are studying science while living in the property of Allah? This will only increase your heedlessness; and increase you in bigotry and fanaticism.
What does it mean to say you are doing science if you deny Allah? And you are living in a property that belong to Allah. This means that you are a rascal who does not have a soul, trying to do things. Knowledge (ilm) is the essence of the souls. Is your soul not your essence? Can you deny your soul? Can you deny the meaning? So, let me ask you, is it really science to attend to the creatures by denying the Creator (al-Khalq)?
You should study the creatures, and make scientific discoveries, but do not deny the Creator (al-Khalq). And even if you do, then do not impose on believers, do not tyrannise! This is the actual problem. Let the believers live freely the way they believe. The believers do not impose on the disbelievers anyway; they cannot impose. But you do impose on them.
Time Stamp: 15:20
The believers need to live the way they believe, for Allah commands so. This is a divine command; it does not come from a person. Almighty Allah brought forth the laws and rules, and the believers have to live it. Then, you come forth and tell them to abide by you, and you impose on them.
Take night and day for example, one is dark and the other is bright, they are each other’s antonyms. Allah will not abide by you, rather you will abide by Allah. Allah will not obey you; you will obey Allah.
Allah has already created all the worlds as a mercy, and created them all for humans. Allah did what he did, and encompassed you with mercy and grace, but you still insist on disobeying Allah, rather you want Allah to obey you.
Then say to Azrail. Say, “I do not accept you, and I will not die.” Or say, “Do not create me,” to Allah. Say, “Do not kill me,” to Azrail as he’s taking your life. And if you think you have such a power, then say, “I will not die,” to Azrail, and if Azrail insists on taking your life, then take his weapons from him and stand against Azrail. If you are such a brave fellow, stand against Azrail and do not die! Then, do not raise from your grave, and do not come to the gathering (mahshar)! They will take you to Jahannam. Say you will not go there; if that is even possible. Is there such a brave fellow in the world? Get your mind together. Come to your senses. You are even weaker than bugs, for bugs have places to go in earth. The bugs perform their innate obligations well. Besides, everyone in the ecosystem has a duty, but you are not performing your duty. You are denying it, and you are tyrannising the believers.
The believers say they do these for they believe, but you say no. You say they don’t do what they do because they believe. You say they do it because of this and that, and this is how you impose on the believers. Who knows my heart best, you, I, or Allah?
Now, is it me who knows what’s in my head better, or is it you? How can you decide on my behalf? You are a tyrant, and you cannot decide for me, and I cannot decide for you. You have a different personality, and I have a different personality. We cannot decide for each other.
That said, this goes also for my children when they come of age. I cannot decide for my child either. My child will make up his/her own decision. They are my children, but they are individuals. This goes for my son and my daughter too.
So, on whom are you imposing? It does not matter why you impose; you are a murderer who murders the rights and liberties of humanity. Draw the line when it comes to the rights and liberties of people, and do not violate the boundary. Do not violate the boundaries of Allah. Those who know the boundary of Allah are the Islamic mujtahids, and they know this better than you and I. You may have read someone’s book, but you sure did not read that of Allah, and you take pride in it.
Abu Jahl was proud as a peacock as he marched towards Badr, do you know what he said? He said he will behead Muhammad, and all the Muslims who were only a handful will be slain by the sword. He said they will drink wine afterwards and bring girls and watch them dance. He said they will not return from Badr without partying, dancing, and drinking, he took an oath saying all that and he beseeched to his idols. He acknowledged the idols are means between him and Allah, so he beseeched to the idols, and then went to Badr.
Time Stamp: 20:05
It was conceit and arrogance. They were like bursting with pride. You are like them too. You are so conceited and so arrogant that Azrail will break your bones. So, bear this in mind! Just so you know. Submit to Allah before that moment comes, and renounces the enmity of Quran, and stop imposing things on believers.
No not impose anything on anyone, let everyone live freely, and as they believe. Besides, there will not be any problems left when everyone starts living as they believe. There will not be any discrimination. There will not be any segregation. There will not be separatism, and it is you who divide people.
People suffer when they can’t live as they believe. When that suffering expands, it will become like a balloon, and it is bound to explode one day. What will happen when crisis happens? Will you gain any profit from it? Will someone else gain profit? It will be for the detriment of everyone. Islam does not want anyone to be harmed. So, if you accept Islam, then abide by its rules, and if you don’t, then do not impose anything on the believers.
We have seen the manifestation of the power of faith while talking about Badr. Janâb-i Haqq helped the believers. The believers have always been the recipients of Allah’s help, but we’re talking about the true believers who abide by the Islamic measures. It is enough if you are willing to use your power, just use your power in the way of Allah. Besides, Allah does not want anything from you that you cannot afford, and helps you in your endeavours.
“The consensus of mufassirs (interpreters) say the angels personally fought the enemy”. This is a rivayat that came from Ibn-i Abbas.
Now, after all that, let us move to the topic of loan-sharking. Islam is a religion of peace. Islam wants peace and tranquillity in the entire world, and that is why it forbids loan-sharking, and riba (interest/usury). Quran says that loan-sharking is doubling and multiplying interest. It is not only about loan-sharking. Doubling and multiplying the interest rate is also loan sharking. This is the first verse that was revealed about riba (interest/usury). This is the 130th verse of Surah Ali ’Imran.
This is also a reform in the matters of being wary of Allah in the financial matters. This is salvation from interest. The religion of Islam is a complete religion of economics. This is a complete reform in terms of finance, and salvation from interest is among the pedestals of economy.
That said, we have given the necessary info about riba (interest/usury) in our previous lectures that start with the 275th verse of Surah al-Baqarah, and the following verses. Now, if some of you want to know more about riba (interest/usury), you can apply to those lectures, extensive info on this topic is present in our previous lectures. Janâb-i Haqq explained the matter of riba (interest/usury) starting with the 275th verse of Surah al-Baqarah and the verses that follow.
[2:275] “Those who devour riba (interest/usury) will not stand but as stands the one whom the demon has driven crazy by his touch,” said Allah.
[2:275] “That is because they say, ‘Trade is like riba (interest/usury).’,” Allah said. Buying, selling, and trade are different things than riba (interest/usury). Janâb-i Haqq gave this punishment to those who say they are the same thing.
Now, what did Allah say? Allah said: “They will stand like the one whom Satan has confounded with his touch, for they said, ‘Buying and selling is like riba (interest/usury).’.” In this verse Allah refers to those who devour riba (interest/usury).
Another verse goes: [2:276] “Allah destroys riba.”
The next verse goes: [2:277] “Give up riba if you believe.”
The same advice is available in the following verses, such as the 278th and 279th verses of Surah al-Baqarah: “If you do not give up riba, then be warned of war from Allah and the Messenger.”
May Janâb-i Haqq make us among the obedient servants (qul) who has the honor of having a complete iman, who obeyed Allah and the Messenger, and who obeyed the divine commands.
Time Stamp: 25:40
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Al-Quran Al-Karim Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 100
I seek shelter in Allah from the rejected Satan. In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most Merciful.
In the 21st verse of Surah al-Hadid, Janâb-i Haqq said that no one may enter Janna except by divine grace. Janna is a complete grace of Allah, and the cause is iman, and being Muslim. Jahannam is a necessity of Allah’s justice. Janna is a necessity of Allah’s grace. As for the
There is a narration that came from Ibn-i Abbas. This narration was conveyed by Said ibn-i Jubayr, and Jumhur. The narration goes: “The width of Janna is equal in width to the heavens and the earth, had they been spread out like cloth and linked together. As for its length, only Allah knows. That much Janna is the share of a single person,” our Prophet said.
This is important, so let me rephrase it, “If you took the heavens and the earth and stretched it like a cloth, it would equal to the width of Janna. As for its length, only Allah knows. This is the share of Janna one person gets.”
See, our Prophet says if we could lay the heavens and the earth on a table like a cloth, it would just be equal to the width of Janna, when stitched together. As for its length, no one can know, no one can guess, no one can even compare it to something, or give a symbolic example. This is equal to the endless and boundless width of a Janna that one person will get. Now, some of you may wonder how is that possible. Those of you who are more-or-less familiar with cosmos know that the cosmos is endless and boundless. Therefore, it is clear that there is no exaggeration in this hadith.
Another prophetic hadith (hadith nabawi) goes: “Janna is above heavens (samaa),” bear this in mind! “Janna is above heavens (samaa), and below ‚arsh al azam (the greatest throne),” said our Prophet in hadith-i sharifs.
That said, the 46th verse of Surah al-Rahman goes: “There are two Jannah for him who stands in fear of his Rabb.”
[55:46] “wa-li-man khāfa maqāma rabbihī jannatān.”
This is the verse of Quran that we mentioned.
Now, we have grand âlims (Islamic scholars) such as Fakhr al-Din al-Razi. He is one of our greatest discoverers, let us see what he said in his narration.
The envoy of Heraclius asked our Master (asw): “So this is Janna, but where is Jahannam?”
Now, as you know Heraclius was the Emperor of the Romans, so this envoy is an envoy of Romans. He was the envoy of Heraclius who was the Emperor of the Romans. Heraclius had sent an envoy to our Prophet, and after our Prophet told him about Janna, the envoy asked the aforementioned question: “So this is Janna, but where is Jahannam?”
Do you see how narrow-minded he is? He thought of this like, Janna will cover every possible space and there is no room for Jahannam. Had he known about cosmos a little bit, he would know it is endless and boundless.
Our Prophet (asw) replied: “Subhanallahi wa faaynel layhu izâcâ anna hâru.” “Where is night when it is day?”
Our Prophet (asw) could have given a greater example but the envoy would not comprehend it. This is why our Prophet answered him in a way that he will understand.
See, our Prophet already recommends speaking to people in way they can understand. So, if our Prophet told him things he could not comprehend, he would not have understood. This is actually the world today.
Time Stamp: 4:57
Let’s say you are talking to an uneducated person. So, if you start lecturing him about the lectures you took in university, he will have a hard time understanding you, and he won’t understand you. He may understand some of it, but there will be things he will not understand, as in the afore narrative.
Now, let’s see. Another hadith is about wrath (ghadab). That is, Allah’s wrath (ghadab). Now, Allah’s wrath (ghadab) is upon those who deserve it, and it is as real as it gets. Wrath (ghadab) and anger; these can be manifested in ones inner world but can also be manifested around him. There is also rage (ghayz) but it is unlike wrath (ghadab). Rage (ghayz) is also anger but it is in the heart. That is why rage (ghayz) is not ascribed to Allah. On the other hand, Almighty Allah punishes whomever Allah wants via this wrath (ghadab).
As for kazem, it means swallowing the anger. This is a trait of grand figures. Muslims who are estimable, meritorious, and virtous know when to swallow their anger. Now, let me give you and example:
Ali tumbled down one of the kafirs while fighting in battle, and he was about to strike him with his sword, at that moment the kafir spat Ali’s face. Then Ali started bursting with rage, he had experienced rage (ghayz), but he did not strike him with the sword and let him go. The kafir who was in awe asked him, “Why did you not kill me?” “I spat on your face to make you angrier, so that you’ll kill me with one srike and I will not suffer, this is why I did it,” he said. Ali replied: “You may have acted on your own accord in what you did, but had I struck you with the sword while bursting with rage, then I would have become a murderer, for I would have killed you for myself, whereas before that I was fighting for Allah.”
He told him that if could not overcome his rage and kill him, then he would have killed him for himself. Ali says you don’t do anything in Islam for the self (nafs). This is just another document of that how grand and revered figure Ali was.
Ali was a great hero. Ali was a great caliph. Ali was a great universal scholar. You see, he is among the grand figures who have reached the summit in terms of knowledge (ilm) and learning (irfan). He was someone who had studied in the school of Prophet Muhammad (asw) since his childhood.
See [3:134], “wa-l-kāẓimīna l-ghayẓa wa-l-ʿāfīna ʿani n-nās.”
“They restrain their anger, and forgive others,” do you see the lofty attributes in this verse?
These are high attributes. They are present in grand figures who are virtuous, also in rectitude Muslims.
A narration by Âlusî goes, “It is said on Qiyamah that those whose ajr (reward) is with Allah may enter Janna.” Now, who are they? You see, they are the ones whose reward is with Allah. It is said on Qiyamah that they may enter Janna. They are those who bear these high traits. They are the Muslims, siddiqs, faruqs, zinnurayns, murtazas, and the revered figures who follow their path.
On the concepts: fahisha and fuhsiyyah.
Now, another word that is mentioned here is fahisha. The word fahisha means indecent act, such as zinā which means illicit sexual relation. The sins that are truly obnoxious are called as fuhsiyyah. As for fahisha, it is a word for he/she who commits the obnoxious act, and zinā is one of these acts.
Time Stamp: 10:00
Now, this fahisha and fuhsiyyah are sins that harm others. On the other hand, if you only harm yourself, and your sin does not affect anyone else, then this is just being cruel on yourself. Yet, with fahisha and fuhsiyyah, those obnoxious acts violate someone elses rights as well. They affect other peoples’ rights and liberties as well. So, if you commit fuhsiyyah you inflict cruelty upon them as well. That said, some people only harm themselves. They only inflict cruelty upon themselves; and some inflict cruelty upon others. See, our elders narrated that fuhsiyyah is among the sins that also affect others.
On unseen bounties (nimat), and abandoning hope from the mercy of Allah.
There are unseen and infinite bounties (nimat).
Dearest friends, there are unseen and infinite bounties (nimat) that are unseen to us. So, what are these bounties (nimat)? Allah’s endless and boundless favors, generosity, Janna; these are due to the divine promise.
These unseen and infinite bounties (nimat) for those who have good deeds. These bounties are divine bounties: Allah’s forgiveness, Janna, and the divine promises are all given to the servants (qul) due to their good deeds and faith (iman).
Therefore, you need to have faith (iman) and good deeds in order to be recipient of these endless favors and bounties (nimat).
Allah may help those who lack good deeds if Allah wills, but Allah made no promise for them. This is important. That is, for those who lack good deeds, not those who lack faith (iman). Allah may help those who lack good deeds if Allah wills, but it is said Allah did not promise anything to them. In other words, Allah made no promise to give them Janna.
Even though there is no promise, Allah said:
[39:53] “lā taqnaṭū min raḥmati llāhi.”
“Do not give up hope from the mercy of Allah.”
See, no one can lose hope from the mercy of Allah. They should never do it, for only the kafirs lose hope. So, do not give up hope from the mercy; repent and come to faith (iman). And if you have faith (iman), then start doing good deeds right away, and perform your worship (ibadat), and fulfill the fards that are religious obligations, and the wajibs that are auxiliary obligations, and abide by the sunnah. Then, fulfill all that is adorned and liked (mustehab), and complete your religion. Renounce from harams, sins, and makruh (disliked) things.
Now, consider an honorable man who worked hard; he will get paid. This person worked hard in an honorable manner, and at the end of the day he will get his ajr (reward), which is his pay.
That said, those who did not work in the world also want payment in the next life. They want rewards. They want salvation. It is said that non-workers who wait for payment are like beggars. In this context, some beggars are rejected, and some are given so that they are not deprived. So, just like an insolent worker is in danger of being fired, it is possible for a lazy beggar to be a recipient of reward due to his faith (iman). Then again, this is bound to Allah’s will.
So, we see that the gates of hope in Islam has been completely opened for all, including those at the bottom, and those at the summit. The gates of hope are never closed. You can be sure of it. That said people cannot be sure that they will not punished by Allah. No one can be sure, and such a thought is invalid.
Time Stamp: 15:00
On science, history, and research.
Researches on wondrous creatures, the saleh (righteous) people, history/historical artifacts, the cosmos, and the sufferings are encouraged (mandub).
This is actually very important. These signs (ayat) are about making discoveries. That is, make discoveries in the heavens and in the earth. Study the wondrous creatures. Discover the cosmological signs. Explore the verses of Quran well, and understand them well. Do this the way our Prophet understood and narrated, by protecting the original, for comprehension (dirayat) without narration (riwayat) will lead one astray.
Therefore, you’ll protect the narrations (riwayat), abide by the academic (ilmi) measures, and by utilizing deductive analogy. Otherwise, you’ll go astray like the deviant philosophies.
Researching wondrous creatures, the saleh (righteous) people, the history/historical artifacts, the cosmos, and the sufferings are encouraged (mandup). Now, why should you study the saleh (righteous) people? This is because there are so many lessons that can be learned from them.
Janâb-i Haqq tells us to follow saleh (righteous) people. And why should we study the historical artefacts? Because we have much to learn from them too. Allah tells us to observe the cosmos, why? Because there are cosmological signs in the universe, they need to be discovered.
Allah tells us to discover them on the condition that we use them for the benefit of humanity. Allah tells us to study the sufferings, what is it? It means, study the evil-doings of the tyrants and you’ll see the disasters that visited them. Therefore, the humanit will derive lessons from them. It is said that these are encouraged (mandub) provisions.
Allah also says, “If you believe, then you are indeed superior.” In this verse, Allah tells us to have real iman.
[3:139] “wa-ʾantumu l-ʾaʿlawna ʾin kuntum muʾminīn.”
Following the divine command, and Battle of Uhud.
In the Battle of Uhud, Khalid ibn al-Walid wanted to capture the small hill. At that time, Khalid ibn al-Walid was on the enemy side, and he was the cavalry commander. He was fighting against our Prophet and the Muslims.
Therewithal, he wanted to capture the small hill; and what did our Prophet (asw) say? He said, “Do not let them come over us.” “O, Allah! We are only powerful with you!” said our Prophet.
He was saying: “La yaglunne aleyna Allahumma. La guvvete lena illa bike.”
Comparison of Batle of Uhud and Batle of Badr.
They opposed to the divine command. Now, the Islamic army had won a decisive victory in the Battle of Badr, but they opposed to the divine command in Battle of Uhud. They killed 20 or more enemy soldiers, and wounded many. That is, prior to their disobedience to the divine command, they almost achieved victory. Then, it all went sideways when they opposed to the command. Prior to their disobedience they had killed more than 20 people from the enemy side, and they had wounded most of the others. They had overcome the enemy. Now, let us give ear to Janâb-i Haqq concerning the victory days: “We make such vicissitudes rotate among mankind.”
Bear in mind that people should not disobey or oppose divine command.
Time Stamp: 20:00
On objecting divine commands.
There is no objection to a haqq command, an divine (ulul) command. If an divine (ulul) command is truly divine (ulul), then you cannot object to it. That is why Allah says, “We make such vicissitudes rotate among mankind.” So, do not get be spoilt, and do not object to the command so that the matters may not turn against you.
On getting the return of your deeds.
Had the kafirs experienced nothing but suffering, then faith would be compulsory rather than arbitrary. Now, this is really important! Do you see the wisdom behind that kafirs are given victory too? These are hints with regards to that.
Had the kafirs experienced nothing but suffering, then faith would be compulsory rather than arbitrary. That would nullify the taraqqi (development) and ıstıfa (selection) laws. Janâb-i Haqq gives the return of everyone’s doings in this world. That said, Janâb-i Haqq also gives the returns of what people earn, in the afterlife (akhira). The return of disbelief (kufr) is Jahannam. The return of iman (belief) and obedience is Janna-i Ala (the Greatest Paradise). Whatever people work for in the world, they will get its return.
This goes for disbelievers (kafirs) and Muslims, but Muslims get more kindness from Allah. The outcome is that the believers are raised. Now, the believers are tested in the world, and the goal here is to raise the believers.
On the believes having the upper-hand, and call to Islam.
Absolute belief (iman) is always superior to absolute disbelief (kufr). You should bear this in mind! Absolute belief (iman) is always superior to absolute disbelief (kufr). Should they have an absolute iman, they are always superior to absolute kufr. Iman is always superior to kufr.
Then again, the 55th verse of Surah al-Nur says that the believers shall be given the Earth, and the fear will come to an end. You see, as long as people do no object to the command; as long as people fully obey the divine command, the believers will be given the Earth, and the fear will come to an end. The glad tiding of this ayah (sign/verse) is bound to becoming true believers.
That said, the 82nd verse of Surah al-Maida says: “The most hostile enemy to the believers are the Jews and the polytheists, and the closest of them in friendship are those who say ‘We are Christians.’.”
You see, the nearest of them in affection to the faithful are the Christians. They have devoted themselves to worship. They had read Injil more-or-less correctly, and in the end they became Muslims. If there are still non-Muslims among this type of Christians, they will surely become Muslims. But of course, having iman requires guidance to Islam, and only Allah can guide.
The the gates of Islam are always open to all nations in the world. Janâb-i Haqq calls people to Islam, and says, ‘Come, repent, adopt iman, and come to Islam!’. Quran makes this summoning, and Prophet Muhammad, and all the Muslims.
The gates of rahmat (mercy) of Allah are fully open until Qiyamah, and also people have a chance until their last breath, and they should be able to enter through these gates of rahmat (mercy). They are open to all nations in the world. The call that says come no matter who you are does not only belong to the person who said it. This call is a call to Islam. Whoever you are, adopt iman, repent, and come to Islam. The gates of Islam are full open to all humanity for Islam is the religion (din) of the entire humanity.
Time Stamp: 25:00
On Mu’tazila, and their wrong views, and Allah’s knowledge (ilm).
Mu’tazila, and Hisham ibn al-Hakam said that Allah Ta’ala (c.c.) knows about the occurrence of events only the moment they occur, which is utterly wrong. Allah is All-Knowing. Allah knows all that is before and after. Allah knows everything in eternal past (azal) and eternal future (abad). In this word of theirs, Mu’tazila failed to fully acknowledge Allah’s knowledge (ilm). It is a mindset that Hisham ibn al-Hakam brought forth and it is utterly wrong.
The 31th verse of Surah al-Muhammad (asw) says: “We test you, to ascertain who makes jihād and who doesn’t.”
Life is nothing but a trial, and a Muslim is a mujahid who always makes jihād (struggle). Bear this in mind. And do not ever forget the following verse.
Now, the 59th 60th and 65th verses of Surah al-Nisa are about ruling with divine laws, and it says while ruling, you will unconditionally rule with the laws of Allah.
There is also the 179th verse of Surah Ali Imran that say, “Allah shall separate the bad ones from the good.”
Islam is right and reality, and it has separated the rights from wrongs that are disbelief (kufr), polytheism, and nifaq. Iman – belief, and its principles are truly holy. Thus, Allah shall separate the bad ones from the good. To distinguish from good and evil is one of the musts of the test in this world.
On the kalamists.
The kalamists say Allah’s knowledge (ilm) is al-qadim (pre-existing) and azali (without a beginning). Islamic kalamists say Allah’s close interaction or touch may come later. However, Allah’s knowledge (ilm) has encompassed everything, therefore Allah is All-Knowing, but Allah may interact or touch to matters at a later stage, which a different thing, but Allah’s knowledge (ilm) is al-qadim (pre-existing), and azali (without a beginning), and abadi (without an end), and at the same time, endless. Allah’s interaction with matters is azali (without a beginning), and layazal – unfading, infinite. There is no alteration in Allah’s knowledge (ilm).
Now, please pay close attention to this section, for the Mu’tazila is wrong. Only the thing that is subject to change is affected by it. That is, the change occurs only in the state of the thing what is changed, otherwise there cannot be any change in Allah’s knowledge (ilm).
Tahaqquq means actualization of knowledge (ilm). There is also jaza which means reward.
“If they don’t know, then the Creator knows.”
May Janâb-i Haqq make us among the servants (qul) who truly understand and comprehend what is right, and the servants (qul) whose every act/deed is haqq (right) and nūr (light).
Time Stamp: 28:58
Al-Quran Al-Karim Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 101
[3:142] “ʾam ḥasibtum ʾan tadkhulū l-jannata wa-lammā yaʿlami llāhu lladhīna jāhadū minkum wa-yaʿlama ṣ-ṣābirīn.”
[3:143] “wa-la-qad kuntum tamannawna l-mawta min qabli ʾan talqawhu fa-qad raʾaytumūhu wa-ʾantum tanẓurūn.”
[3:144] “wa-mā muḥammadun ʾillā rasūlun qad khalat min qablihi r-rusulu ʾa-fa-ʾin māta ʾaw qutila nqalabtum ʿalā ʾaʿqābikum wa-man yanqalib ʿalā ʿaqibayhi fa-lan yaḍurra llāha shayʾan wa-sa-yajzī llāhu sh-shākirīn.”
“Or did you think you will simply enter Janna before Allah made certain those among you who made jihād, and revealed those who are steadfast?”
Do you see that our Almighty Rabb created life to test and reveal those who will make jihād, and who will be steadfast? Allah said, “Do you think you will simply enter Janna before those who pass and fail the test are ascertained, and before these are revealed?”
O, Muslim! Win the test with your iman (belief), your jihād, and your perseverance (sabr). So, come to your senses!
“Indeed, you were longing for death before you met it. Now you have seen it, but you are looking on.”
[3:145] “wa-mā kāna li-nafsin ʾan tamūta ʾillā bi-ʾidhni llāhi kitāban muʾajjalan wa-man yurid thawāba d-dunyā nuʾtihī minhā wa-man yurid thawāba l-ʾākhirati nuʾtihī minhā wa-sa-najzī sh-shākirīn.”
“Muhammad is only a Prophet.” Peace be upon him. “Prophets have come and gone before him too. Now, if he dies or gets killed, will you turn back on your heels (to your old religion)? Whoever turns back like that, can in no way harm Allah. Allah will reward the thankful ones.”,
“There is no death for anyone except by Allah’s leave.”
Do not forget that!
“There is no death for anyone except by Allah’s leave. (Death) written at a predetermined time. Whoever wishes for behoof of the world, We will give him out of it.”
Janâb-i Haqq says that they will be given out of it.
“Whoever wishes for sawāb of afterlife (ākhira), We will give him out of it. We will reward the thankful ones.”
So, think well, and properly prepare yourself for the test.
[3:146] “wa-ka-ʾayyin min nabiyyin qātala maʿahū ribbiyyūna kathīrun fa-mā wahanū li-mā ʾaṣābahum fī sabīli llāhi wa-mā ḍaʿufū wa-mā stakānū wa-llāhu yuḥibbu ṣ-ṣābirīn.”
Please, pay attention now. What does Allah say?
Time Stamp: 5:04
Allah says, “fa-mā wahanū – they did not lose heart,” and the rest of the verse. Please, pay utmost attention now.
“There have been many Prophets, by whose side fought many friends of Allah; they did not falter for what happened to them in the way of Allah, they did not weaken, they did not bow down. Allah loves those who are patient.”
You see, “wa-llāhu yuḥibbu ṣ-ṣābirīn – Allah loves those who are patient.”
Your yaqeen (certainty) is as strong as your iman (belief), and your patience is as strong as your yaqeen (certainty).
[3:147] “wa-mā kāna qawlahum ʾillā ʾan qālū rabbanā ghfir lanā dhunūbanā wa-ʾisrāfanā fī ʾamrinā wa-thabbit ʾaqdāmanā wa-nṣurnā ʿalā l-qawmi l-kāfirīn.”
And they said nothing but what? They were beseeching Janâb-i Haqq by saying the following. They were both doing jihād all out, and they were beseeching Allah at the same, they were saying: “O, our Rabb! Forgive our sins, and our transgressions in our affairs, and make our feet firm (in Your way), and help us against the kafir lot.”
What they did is nothing other than heroic. They are the rabbaniyyun (godly) servants (qul) of Allah.
Now, bear this in mind!
[3:148] “fa-ʾātāhumu llāhu thawāba d-dunyā wa-ḥusna thawābi l-ʾākhirati wa-llāhu yuḥibbu l-muḥsinīn.”
[3:149] “yā-ʾayyuhā lladhīna ʾāmanū ʾin tuṭīʿū lladhīna kafarū yaruddūkum ʿalā ʾaʿqābikum fa-tanqalibū khāsirīn.”
[3:150] “bali llāhu mawlākum wa-huwa khayru n-nāṣirīn.”
[3:151] “sa-nulqī fī qulūbi lladhīna kafarū r-ruʿba bi-mā ʾashrakū bi-llāhi mā lam yunazzil bihī sulṭānan wa-maʾwāhumu n-nāru wa-biʾsa mathwā ẓ-ẓālimīn.”
Now, what did our Almighty Rabb, who is most-exalted and glorious say? Let us give ear.
O, you who believe! Understand Quran, the Book of Almighty Allah, and listen to it well!
“Then, Allah gave them both the bounty (nimat) of the world, and the beauty of the sawāb (reward) of afterlife.”
Allah gave them the beauty of the sawāb (reward) of afterlife.
“Allah loves those who behave good.”
“O, you who believe! If you follow the kafir ones, they will make you turn back on your heels.”
That is, they will make you turn back to disbelief (kufr).
“Then, you will lose completely.”
“No, your Mawlā is Allah. Allah is the best of helpers.”
“We will cast fear into the hearts of those who deny for they ascribed to Allah partners about that which Allah did not send any proof. Their abode is Fire, and how bad is the place they will return.”
Time Stamp: 10:00
[3:152] “wa-la-qad ṣadaqakumu llāhu waʿdahū ʾidh taḥussūnahum bi-ʾidhnihī ḥattā ʾidhā fashiltum wa-tanāzaʿtum fī l-ʾamri wa-ʿaṣaytum min baʿdi mā ʾarākum mā tuḥibbūna minkum man yurīdu d-dunyā wa-minkum man yurīdu l-ʾākhirata thumma ṣarafakum ʿanhum li-yabtaliyakum wa-la-qad ʿafā ʿankum wa-llāhu dhū faḍlin ʿalā l-muʾminīn.”
“Allah has fulfilled His promise that is to you while you were slaying your enemies, by Allah’s leave. After Allah showed you the victory you loved, you have shown weakness. You attempted to dispute about the command the Prophet gave you, and you rebelled. Some of you were desiring the world, and some of you were desiring the afterlife. Then, Allah turned you away from them to test you, and forgave you. Allah is most gracious to the believers.”
That is why, dearest friends! Those who listen and understand the holy book of Almighty Allah well are the ones who find immortal life, and they are the ones who live the real life.
Time Stamp: 11:39
– The End –
Al-Quran Al-Karim Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 102
Let us bring a little more clarity to these verses.
Some of the sahabah wished they too had been in Badr. See, a person who could not risk martyrdom would not wish to be in a battle. Therefore, those who wished they had been in Badr were eminent sahabah who could risk martyrdom. Radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. He who cannot risk martyrdom cannot wish to be in a battle.
Jihād (struggle) is essential to prevent the kāfir from having the upper hand. That is, preventing the superiority of disbelief (kufr) is saving humanity from tyrants, polytheism, nifaq, disbelief (kufr), and wrongdoing (zulm). That is why jihād (struggle) is essential. Jihād (struggle) is to die for true life. The martyrs die, and the ulama shed tears, so that humanity may find peace, be happy, and the Real (al-Haqq) prevail.
Abu Dujana had walked in a majestic way in the face of the enemy in Uhud. Our Prophet (asw) gave him a sword, saying: “O, Abu Dujana! Today it is permissible (jaiz).” He was saying, act the way the enemy will see you majestic. He said, “Today it is permissible (jaiz).”
This is because the only thing the enemy will understand is power, force, and weaponry. And you cannot throw cotton at someone who shoots you. This is because if you prevail, then the Real (al-Haqq) will dominate the world, and after that the transgressors (i.e. zalimun) will not stand against you, and then you can hand out cotton, delights, and roses too. But primarily you need to make the Real (al-Haqq) predominant.
Ali ibn Abi Talib, Hamza, and Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas – radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain – were slaying the enemy. The revered people whose names I recited were heroes that each of them were greater than armies.
Then, Khalid ibn al-Walid retreated against Urwah ibn Zubayr with his 250 cavalrymen. The enemy was in retreat. Seeing that, our archers disobeyed their commander, Abdullah ibn Jubayr. Then, it all went sideways when they left their post. The enemy started advancing in full strength. They attacked violently to kill our Prophet. The zālim and polytheist named Abdullah bin Kamia was throwing rocks at our Prophet.
On that day, our Prophet’s tooth was broken, his beautiful face was wounded. Iblīs, or a man of his started shouting Muhammad’s death. Our Prophet had said, “إِلَيَّ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ- إِلَيَّ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ”. He was saying, “Allah’s servants, come toward me.”
Ka’b bin Mâlik saw our Master’s shining eyes behind his helmet. He shouted, “O, Muslim lot, I have good news.” He started shouting as loud as he could that the Messenger of Allah was alive.
Our Master (asw) gesturing to him to be silent.
About 30 sahabah (companions), radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain, gathered around our Master.
Time Stamp: 5:10
The hypocrites had spread various gossips that upset the believers. Upon hearing them spreading Muhammad’s death, Anas ibn Nadhar said:
“O, people! Even if Muhammad (asw) has been killed, Muhammad’s Rabb, Almighty Allah is the living (al-hayy). Allah is the ever-living. Allah is the azali and abadi life-giver. Allah is the owner of life. What will you do in life after Rasulullah? So, fight in his way, and die trying to achieve and die and honourable and glorious death,” he was shouting these words. He had raised his sword and shouted, “I can sense the smell of Janna.” He had fought until he was martyred, and he took about 70-80 hits.
A part of the sahabah (companions) also had fought bravely, radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain. You see, they are the heroes of Islam.
O, Muslims! The heroes of Islam have earned the immortal life, and they are Almighty Allah’s immortal soldiers.
Anas ibn Nadhar was shouting out and mowing through the enemy. He said he could smell the Janna. He knew he lived for Allah. He knew Allah made him live. He knew he belonged to Allah. He knew he came from Allah. This is the state of true believers and mujahideen who believe they will return to Allah. It has been like this throughout history.
Now, let us see what sign/verse Janâb-i Haqq sent to the Beloved Kibriya who is Muhammad Mustafa in the 67th verse of Surah al-Maidah:
[5:67] “wa-llāhu yaʿṣimuka mina n-nās.”
“Allah shall protect you from the people,” said Allah. Indeed, Allah has protected him, and Islam has been settled.
Islam has been fully manifested itself to the universe, and the divine reality became prevailed over earth; and it will prevail until Qiyamah.
The word “inqalab” (3:144:14) means – to turn back, – to renounce religion, and to decline. Bear this in mind. How did Islam utilize this? Islam reverted disbelief (kufr) to belief (iman), and reverted tyranny (zulm) to justice. Islam has made the reform of the Real (al-Haqq). Islam has swept the wrong (batil) revolutions and reforms.
That said, the 157th verse of Surah al-Nisa goes: “They did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but the one they killed was made to appear like Isa to them.”
Janâb-i Haqq can protect anyone at any time. As for those who will become martyrs, Allah makes them shahid – witness to grant them a great rank.
About the word, “sh-shākirīn – the grateful”. They are the martyrs, mujahids, those who are truly thankful, and those who get the reward of their thankfulness, and the reward for martyrdom here is also the reward of thankfulness.
The reward of being a mujahid is the same as the reward of thankfulness.
Time Stamp: 10:00
The “ṣ-ṣābirīn” means those who are steadfast, who do their duty, patient. There is also “ṭāʾiʿīn” means the obedient. Ali ibn Abi Talib said they are Abu Bakr and his friends. In other words, Ali said that the people praised here, who are siddiq (trustworthy) are them. Ali is also considered among them he did not recite his name, rather he said they are Abu Bakr and his friends. So, Abu Bakr is among this group and also his friends, but there is also glorious Ali. Radeyallahu anhum wa ardahum ajmain.
The word “الحزم” means endurance, and steadiness. It means to stand against the enemy and do what must be done.
Dearest friends, death only comes by Allah’s leave. There cannot be any death without there being Allah’s leave.
As for iʻlā‐i kalimatullah it means to exalt the religion of Allah and not to hesitate from anything in this cause. You see, “الحزم” means complete obedience to Allah, and to perform the duty. We are not in this world to simply lie down. We came to pass a test. We came to pass the test and rise toward the presence of the divine via our complete belief (iman), jihād (struggle), and our good deeds.
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Al-Quran Al-Karim Tafsir (Exegesis) Lesson 103
Ajal al-musamma and ajal al-qada‘. We have recited the verses about the hour of death (ajal). After giving their core meanings, we’ll talk about ajal al-musamma and ajal al-qada‘.
No matter how you die, it is the end of your specified term. Please, understand this well. No matter how you die, it is the end of your specified term. Death is the end of one’s appointed time.
They say, “Poor man, died before his time.” But, no one has died before their specified term (ajal). Everyone dies at the end of their specified term (ajal). Whether they died by ajal al-musamma or ajal al-qada‘ is irrelevant.
The mystery of qadar (fate) is unknown, because the mysteries of qadar (fate) belong to the knowledge (ilm) of Allah. What is up to us is to understand Al-Quran Al-Karim well, and properly believe in qadar (fate). Allah Ta’ala created qadar (fate), and Allah’s knowledge (ilm) encompasses everything without beginning or end. So, all the things that are bound to happen are known and written with their niceties and details.
See, everything is known and written by Almighty Allah, but people’s free-wills are not under compulsion here either. There is a qadar (fate) that is written according to people’s free will, which is called qadar al-muallaq (revocable fate). There is also a mubram qadar (irrevocable fate), and its mysteries are with Allah.
A person who recognizes Allah’s knowledge (ilm) well will not have a hard time comprehending and believing in qadar (fate). That is, the pedestal of life and death is Allah’s personal will.
Do not forget this!
The pedestal and foundation of life and death is Allah’s personal will. Janâb-i Haqq’s knowledge of what kind of life to give to people, and their hour of death (ajal), and when will this hour of death (ajal) will come for each person; along with the list that contains the hours of death (ajal) of people who will die are not subject to change, whether it is for a person or a nation.
In the sight of Allah, the death of millions and the death of a single person is the same.
Azrail (a.s.) has armies at his command which consist of units responsible for taking lives. There are units who qabd (contract) the souls. The number of the armies of Azrail (a.s.) are known only to Mawla. That is why you should know Allah well, and discover and understand Al-Quran Al-Karim properly.
As for picking the fruits of life, it is about human will. Do you want to pick up the fruits of life? Do you want the eternal profit of the capital of life? Then first, believe in Allah, and bow down to Allah. Then, worship in such a wholehearted fashion, and you will be serving and worshipping Allah with every fibre of your being, your heart, and your soul. Worship with pleasure, and you’ll experience an endless taste, for you will be tasting freedom.
Freedom is in servitude to Allah, and those who do not serve Allah are surely servants of others. They are slaves forever. Do not forget this! The servants of taghut (i.e. false gods) refuse to be servants (qul) of Allah, but they worship five others. They are rascals, and some of them are servants of their selves, some are servants of their idols, some are servants of money, some are servants of chair/position, and others are servants of their lust and their rank.
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Become a servant (qul) to Allah. Then, use your chair, your position, your rank, your knowledge (ilm), your education, and all the abilities you have physical or spiritual in the way of Allah. Use them in service to Allah. Use them to exalt the word of Allah.
This is how you can pick up the fruits of life. Besides, the fruit of life is to earn Janna, for you have a short life, our lives are very short. So, when you have spent a good life by having iman and good deeds at the same time, then in return Janâb-i Haqq will give you such a fruit in return of your life; Janâb-i Haqq will give you the endless Janna (Paradise). Islam prepares you to that immortal life. The Islamic lifestyle prepares you for eternal life, which is eternal bliss. Do not forget this. See, the lessons in Al-Quran Al-Karim are life-giving lessons, and we are trying to be its interpreters.
Now, the rabbanis are mentioned. Who is a rabbani? They are wali leaders, in other words, they are Allah’s valuable servants (qul) who bow down to Allah, and the four Caliphs are in this group. They are rabbani people. That is, they are under the command of their Rabb. They rule with the provision (hukm) of their Rabb. They rule by their Rabb’s command.
There is also the rabbaniyyun. Now, who are the rabbaniyyun? The rabbaniyyun are the soldiers, the population, and the congregation (jama’ah). This well-educated community is the rabbaniyyun. They are the congregation, army, and nation of the wali leaders. The rabbaniyyun are a well-educated and well-learned community.
See, the eminent companions have all graduated from the ecole of Muhammad (asw). Some attained rank of siddiq (trustworthy) some became faruq, some became zinnurayn, some became murtaza (chosen), some became the ansar (helpers), and some became muhajirs. But they all attained the rank that is Ashab-i Gûzin (The Honourable Companions).
They are like the stars in the sky. They are like bright starts in the sky, each of them is brighter than the other. You see, Muhammad’s ummah (nation) is like the starts in the sky, until Qiyamah.
There are people who have faith and good deeds. There are people who are on the right path. They are in the way of Ahlus-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. Throughout history, throughout ages, they have worked in the way of Allah to exalt the word of Allah, and those who performed jihād, have received the fruits of life doubled and multiplied.
They have prepared for the immortal life by the holy values of Islam. Does a faithful servant not perform namāz ever? Does he not fast ever? Does he not make pilgrimage ever? Does he not perform jihād ever? Does he not spend his wealth in the way of Allah?
Janâb-i Haqq gave you a life, but is able to create billions of lives and souls for you. You have one life and if you give it to Allah, then you will get thousands more in return. Mawla is giving you an immortal life in Janna (Paradise) as a generosity and favor.
Actually, we are mortal creatures. See, Janâb-i Haqq is making mortal creatures like us live an immortal life. O, mankind! Get your mind together! O, Muhammad’s ummah! This luck has hit you once, so appreciate it, and become true servants (qul) of Allah.
Do not waste your lifetime, do not pour it down the drain. Do not spend your life doing useless things, and do not waste even a breath. You should utter the name of Allah with every fibre of your being, and bow down to Allah.
Stop serving yourself, and do not be slaves to your desires or the world. Climb on the back of the world, and whip it like a horse! Then use the world in the way of Allah! Work harder than everyone.
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Stop being sluggish. Stop being lazy. Stop being inattentive. Come, adorn yourself with knowledge (ilm) and learning (irfan), and rise! Stand up, and may the entire humanity find salvation with you!
Islam is the saviour.
This is why, dearest friends! Our Almighty Rabb says the following by praising this ummah (nation): [3:79] “wa-lākin kūnū rabbāniyyīn – be a godly people.”
Now, let us see what Allah said next.
After saying, “Be godly servants (qul) of your Rabb,” Allah said: [3:110] “kuntum khayra ʾummatin ʾukhrijat li-n-nās – You are the best nation ever brought forth for mankind.”
This is what is special about this ummah, do not ever forget it!
“You,” says Allah. “You are the best ummah ever brought forth for mankind.”
You have become the best ummah ever raised for mankind, you have to be a rabbani (godly) ummah. Can’t you do as much as those before you? Because, when you look at the sahabah (companions), the ansar (helpers), and the muhajireen; when you see the valour of our ancestors in history: I say why can’t people today be like them? Why can’t people in the future be like them?
There is no reason to not to be like them, for we have the same holy values in our hands today. It is even fair to say that they have earned it all, and we are in possession of all they have earned.
Islam is now complete and before us, its ilm have been prepared. Islamic creed has been established. The practical, juridical, and moral order has been founded. The commands of Islam have been fully implemented in the past ages in the best way, and they come in a golden plate.
People today are luckier; it is easier for them. Our elders did all the hard work, and all we need to do is to use the means of this age and save ourselves and humanity. Islam is saviour. We will be saved with Islam, and we will save others too. Therefore, there has to be fear in the hearts, but fear of the living should reside in the hearts. The only fear and love you should have was that of Allah, and you will brim over with this love; and you should only fear Allah.
Love and fear, you will fly towards Allah using these wings. You will fly to Allah’s way. You will walk in the way of Allah. You will do good deeds in the way of Allah, and you will perform jihād (struggle). Every good work is a jihād (struggle).
The heroic defence in the battlefield is called jihād (struggle), and martyrdom is the summit of it; just like this every good work is a jihād (struggle). Especially narrating Islam and Quran to the world, which is the greatest jihād.
Overcoming the self is the first jihād. You have to make yourself worship Allah, but you should not obey or worship to yourself. You do the bidding of yourself, but you do not do the bidding of Allah. This is self-worship, do not deceive yourself. Let us speak the truths. Do not worship idols, taghuts (false gods), and worldly things.
You may conquer the world, but not let it in your heart. Use it in the way of Allah, in a legitimate manner. Use it for the better good of all people and Allah will be pleased with you. Otherwise, do not be like those selfish people who want everything only for themselves. Do not be like those selfish people who only think for themselves, and work for the benefit of humanity, and then you will have earned the approval (riza) of Allah.
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